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高考前重点词语复习


高考前重点词语复习
1.able 用法:be able to do Note: 反义词 unable 表示不能,而 disabled 表示残疾的。 be able to do 可以表示经过艰难困苦才能做到的事。 2.abroad 用法:表示到(在)国外,是一个副词,前面不加介词。 Note: 可以说 from abroad, 表示从国外回来。 3.admit 用法:表示

承认的时候后面要加上动名词形式。 Note: 表示允许进入的时候与介词 to 搭配。 4.advise 用法:advise sb. to do; advise doing Note: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:advise that sb. (should) do 的形式。 5.afford 用法:通常与动词不定式搭配使用。 Note: 前面需要有 be able to 或 can 等词。 6.after 用法:表示在时间、空间之后;be after 表示追寻。 Note: 用在将来时的时候后面接一时间点,而 in 接一个时间段,如:after 3 o’clock; in 3 days. 7.agree 用法:与介词 on, to, with 及动词不定式搭配。 Note: agree on 表示达成一致;agree to 表示批准;agree with 表示同意某人说的话。 8.alive 用法:表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。 Note: 可以作状语使用,表示活活地,如:bury sb. alive. 9.allow 用法:allow doing; allow sb. to do Note: 可以表示允许进入,如:Please allow me in. 10.among 用法:用在三者或三者以上的群体中。 Note: 还可以表示其中之一,如:He is among the best. 11.and 用法:用于连接两个词、短语、句子或其他相同结构。 Note: 与祈使句搭配时往往可以表示条件。如:Work hard, and you’ll succeed sooner or later. 12.another 用法:表示又一个,泛指,相当于 one more 的含义。 Note: 不能直接加复数名词,需要与一个数词搭配,如:another 2 weeks. 13.answer 用法:及物动词,但在作名词时要与介词 to 搭配。 Note: 可以表示接电话、应门等。如:answer the phone/door. 14.anxious 用法:be anxious for/about/to do Note: be anxious about 表示担心;be anxious for 表示盼望得到。 15.appear 用法:不及物动词,没有宾语,没有被动语态。 Note: 还可以作为系动词,与 seem 同义,表示看起来??。 16.arrive 用法:arrive at 表示到一个小地方;arrive in 表示到一个大地方。 Note: 引申含义表示得出,如:arrive at a decision/conclusion. 17.ask 用法:ask to do; ask sb. to do; ask for Note: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:ask that sb. (should) do 的形式。 18.asleep 用法:表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。 Note: 通常与动词 be 及 fall 搭配;sound asleep 表示熟睡。 19.attend 用法:表示参加,后面经常加上 meeting, lecture, conference, class, school, wedding, funeral 等词;也可以表示照顾,照料。 Note: attend to 可以表示处理、照料等。 20.attention 用法:pay attention to; draw/catch sb’s attention Note: 写通知时的常用语:May I have your attention, please? 21.beat 用法:表示打败某人,或连续不断地击打某物。

Note: heartbeat 表示心跳。 22.because 用法:后面接原因状语从句,because of 后面接名词。 Note: because 表示直接原因,因此只有用它才可以回答 why 的特殊疑问句及用在强调句中。 23.become 用法:系动词,表示变得??。可以由好变坏或由坏变好。 Note: become of sb.表示某人发生了什么事情。 24.before 用法:before long, long before, the day before yesterday, the week / year before last 上上周/前年 Note: It be + 段时间 before?在该句型中,主句时态只有将来时态和一般过去时态。 25.begin 用法:begin to do; begin doing 第一英语网,英语学习第一站 Note: 当 begin 本身是进行时的时候,只能用 begin to do 的形式。如:It was beginning to rain. 26.believe 用法:believe sb.表示相信某人说的话;believe in sb.表示信任;6123 结构。 Note: 回答问句时通常用 I believe so/not 的形式。 27.besides 用法:表示除??之外还有,包含在一个整体之中。 Note: 还可以用作副词,表示此外,要用逗号隔开。 28.beyond 用法:表示越过、在另一边,如:beyond the wood/bridge. Note: 可以用于引申含义,表示超出??,如:beyond control/power/description. 29.bit 用法:与 a little 一样可以修饰不可数名词,形容词或副词。 Note: 修饰名词时要用 a bit of;not a bit 表示一点也不。 30.blame 用法:take/bear the blame; blame sth. on. sb. Note: 表示应受到责怪时不用被动语态,如:He is to blame. 31.blow 用法:blow down/away Note: 表示风刮得很大时要用 blow hard. 32.boil 用法:boiling 表示沸腾的;boiled 表示煮过的。 Note: boiling point 可以表示沸点。 33.borrow 用法:borrow 表示借入:lend 表示借出。 Note: 点动词,不能表示借的时间长短。 34.breath 用法:hold one’s breath; http://www.no1english.com.cn out of breath; save one’s breath Note: take a breath 表示深吸一口气;take breath 表示喘口气。 35.burn 用法:burn down/up/one’s hand Note: burning 表示点着的;burnt 表示烧坏的。 36.business 用法:on business 表示出差;in/out of business 表示开/关张。 Note: 表示商业时不可数,表示具体的行业时可数。 37.busy 用法:be busy with/doing. Note: 不能说 My work is busy. 应说 I am busy with my work. 38.buy 用法:buy sth. for 5 dollars; buy sth. for sb. Note: 点动词,不能表示买的时间长短。 39.but 用法:not?but.. but for next but one , have no choice bu to do sth., all but 几乎,差 一点 Note: do nothing but do sth. nothing 前有 do,后面的 to 要省略。Not only? but also?引导的并列 句,前倒后不倒。cannot help/ choose but do sth. 不能不,只能 40.by 用法:by accident, by air/ sea/ train, by and by, by far, by force, by mistake, by chance, by the way Note: by way of 取道,经由。by reason of 由于。by 引导的时间状语一般句子用完成时态。

41.care 用法:take care of; with care; care for/about 第一英语网,英语学习第一站 Note: care about 表示在乎,常用于否定句;care for 表示关心,喜爱,常用于肯定句。 42.carry 用法:carry 表示搬运;carry on 表示进行;坚持下去;carry out 表示执行。 Note: carry 没有方向性,可以表示随身携带。 43.case 用法:in case; in case of; in any case; in this/that case Note: in case 后面的状语从句可以用虚拟语气,即 in case sb. should do 的形式。 44.catch 用法:catch the thief; catch fire; catch a cold; catch up with Note: be caught 表示陷入困境,如:He was caught in the rain. 45.cattle 用法:集合名词,动词要用复数形式。如:Cattle are raised here. Note: 一头牛可以用 a head of cattle. 注意十头牛用 ten head of cattle。 46.chance 用法:by chance; take a chance; there is a chance that? Note: 在 chance 后面可以用动词不定式或者 of 的结构作定语。 47.change 用法:change A for B 表示用 A 换成 B;change A into B 表示把 A 变成 B。 Note: 表示变化时是可数名词,表示零钱时不可数。 48.class 用法:集合名词,谓语动词单复数由其表示的意思决定。 Note: in class 表示在上课,in the class 表示在班上。 49.close 用法:动词表示关闭;形容词表示亲密的;副词表示靠近。 Note: close 作副词时表示距离上的靠近,而另一个副词形式 closely 表示密切地。 50.clothes 用法:复数名词,谓语动词用复数,不能加不定冠词。 Note: 要用 few 或 many 来修饰。 51. buy 用法:buy sth. for 5 dollars; buy sth. for sb. Note: 点动词,不能表示买的时间长短。 52. but 用法:not?but.. but for next but one , have no choice bu to do sth., all but 几乎, 差一点 Note: do nothing but do sth. nothing 前有 do,后面的 to 要省略。Not only? but also?引导的并列 句,前倒后不倒。cannot help/ choose but do sth. 不能不,只能 53. by 用法:by accident, by air/ sea/ train, by and by, by far, by force, by mistake, by chance, by the way Note: by way of 取道,经由。by reason of 由于。by 引导的时间状语一般句子用完成时态。 54. call 用法: call for / up / back / in / , call on sb. to do sth., pay / make a call on sb. give sb. a call ,on call Note: call at 后面跟地点;call on 后面跟人。 55. care 用法:take care of; with care; care for/about Note: care about 表示在乎,常用于否定句;care for 表示关心,喜爱,常用于肯定句。 56. carry 用法:carry 表示搬运;carry on 表示进行;坚持下去;carry out 表示执行。 Note: carry 没有方向性,可以表示随身携带。 57. case 用法:in case; in case of; in any case; in this/that case Note: in case 后面的状语从句可以用虚拟语气,即 in case sb. should do 的形式。 58. catch 用法:catch the thief; catch fire; catch a cold; catch up with, catch sb. doing sth. Note: be caught 表示陷入困境,如:He was caught in the rain. 59. cattle 用法:集合名词,动词要用复数形式。如:Cattle are raised here. Note: 一头牛可以用 a head of cattle. 注意十头牛用 ten head of cattle。 60. chance 用法:by chance; take a chance; there is a chance that?

Note: 在 chance 后面可以用动词不定式或者 of 的结构作定语。 61. change 用法:change A for B 表示用 A 换成 B;change A into B 表示把 A 变成 B。 Note: 表示变化时是可数名词,表示零钱时不可数。 62. charge 用法:charge sb. with (doing) sth. that? , charge sb. to do sth. charge sb. for $ Note: in charge of 负责; in the charge of 由某人负责(表示的是被动的)。 63. class 用法:集合名词,谓语动词单复数由其表示的意思决定。 Note: in class 表示在上课,in the class 表示在班上。 64. clear 用法:clear away, clear off, make clear, it is clear that? Note: clear up 及物时表示“澄清,整理,收拾”;不及物表示“晴朗起来,开朗起来”。 65. close 用法:动词表示关闭;形容词表示亲密的;副词表示靠近。 Note: close 作副词时表示距离上的靠近,而另一个副词形式 closely 表示密切地。 66. clothes 用法:复数名词,谓语动词用复数,不能加不定冠词。 Note: 要用 few 或 many 来修饰。 67. collect 用法:collect stamps; collect one’s child from school Note: a collect phone 表示对方付费的电话。 68. come 用法:表示到说话者所处的地方来。常见短语有:come to, come about, come across, come out,come to an end, come down, come up, come into being/ exist / force / effect 等。 Note: 可用作系动词,表示变成,如:His dreams came true. 69. common 用法:表示普遍性,如:Smith is a common name. Note: common sense 表示常识;in common 表示共同点。 70. compare 用法:compare?with?表示把??与??作比较;compare?to?表示把??比作??。 Note: 用作状语时,二者都可以表示比较,如:Compared with/to other women, she was very lucky. 71. consider 用法:consider doing sth. / what to do / that...,consider sb. sth. 6123 结构 Note: 该词直接跟宾语用动名词但可以用不定式作宾补;considering 引导短语作状语,表示“考虑到” 72. condition 用法:表示生活、工作等的条件或状况。 Note: on condition that 表示只要,条件状语从句。 73. content 用法:be content with/to do Note: 表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。 http://www.no1english.com.cn 74. cost 用法:sth. cost sb. some money,只能用物作主语。 Note: 修饰 cost 要用副词 high 或 low. 75. cover 用法:be covered with 表示状态;be covered by 表示动作。 Note: 反义词 uncover 表示揭开盖子;discover 表示发现。 76. cross 用法:cross off 划掉,cross one’s mind, cross out, bear one’s cross 忍受痛苦 Note: 作形容词一般用于 be cross with sb. = be angry with sb. 77. crowd 用法:be crowded with Note: 集合名词,谓语动词单复数由其表示的意思决定。 78. cure 用法:cure sb. of ? Note: cure 强调治愈,表示结果;而 treat 知表示动作。 79. cut 用法:cut down/up/off Note: 作名词时 a short cut 表示捷径。 80. damage 用法:do damage to sb. = do sb. harm Note: 表示损害的时候不可数,复数形式可以表示赔偿费。 81. danger 用法:in danger 表示处于危险的境地。 Note: 表示一般概念时不可数,表示具体危险时可数。

82. dare 用法:作为情态动词一般用于否定句,疑问句或者条件状语从句;作为实意动词后跟不定式。 Note: I dare say that?.意为:我猜测,可能,或许。 第一英语网 83. dark 用法:before/after dark; in the dark Note: 可以表示深色的,如:dark blue. 84. deal 用法:a great/good deal of 修饰不可数名词。 Note: 作动词时构成短语 deal with, 常与副词 how 搭配。 85. defeat 用法:及物动词,后面的宾语是国家,队,军队等名词。 Note: 不能用人作宾语。 86. demand 用法:demand to do; demand that?, demand of sb. to do sth. Note: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:demand that sb. (should) do 的形式。 87. depend 用法:depend on sb./ sth. / one’s doing sth. / to do sth. Note: depend 不及物动词,常和 on 连用。意为“依靠,信赖” 88. desert 用法:名词表示沙漠;动词表示抛弃。 Note: 可以用过去分词作表语或定语,表示废弃的,如:a deserted house. 89. determine 用法:determine to do; determine sb. to do Note: 过去分词表示有决心的,可以说 be determined to do sth. 决心做?(表示状态) 90. devote 用法:devote oneself to; be devoted to Note: 与 devote 搭配的 to 是介词,后面接名词或动名词。如:His whole life was devoted to teaching. 91. die 用法:die of/from/for/out/ away Note: 点动词,不与 for 引起的时间状语连用。 92. difficulty 用法:have difficulty with; have difficulties with sth. ; have difficulty in doing sth. ; Note: 表示一般概念时不可数,表示具体困难时可数。 93. disagree 用法:disagree with sb. Note: disagree 虽然在形式上有否定前缀, 但并不是个否定词。 注意它的反义问句形式: disagreed with He you, didn’t he? 94. distance 用法:in the distance; at a distance Note: 可用于引申含义,表示时间上或情感上的距离。 95. divide 用法:divide?into?表示把??分成几份。强调分成等份。 Note: 可以表示除法,如:Nine divided by three is three. 96. do 用法:do away with, do sb. a faour; do up; do with., do wonders, do sb. wrong = do wrong to sb. Note: 主要用作及物动词;不及物时表示“行”:If you have no pen, pencil will do. 97. doubt 用法:doubt sb. / sth. , beyond doubt, in doubt, no doubt, without a doubt Note: 主句是否定句时宾语用 that 引导;主句是肯定句时宾语用 whether / if 引导。 98. downtown 用法:副词,前面不加介词,如:go downtown. Note: 可用作定语,如:a downtown street. 99. draw 用法:draw a picture/the curtain Note: 引申含义表示得出,如:draw a conclusion/lesson. 100. dream 用法:dream of/about/that? Note: 可用同源词构成短语:dream a dream. 101. dress 用法:作名词时常表示女子服装;作动词时用短语 dress sb., dress up Note: dress 的宾语只能是人,表示给人穿上衣服。若要表示穿着什么衣服时要用 be dressed in 的形式。 102. drown 用法:常用分词形式作定语或表语。

Note: a drowning man 表示快要淹死的人;a drowned man 表示淹死的人。 103. due 用法:due to 形容词短语,表示原因。如:He didn’t come due to his illness. Note: be due to 表示定于某时做某事。如:Mary is due to leave at two o’clock. 104. duty 用法:on/off duty; sense of duty Note: duty free 表示免关税。 105. each 用法:可以做定语,主语,宾语,同位语。一般指两者 each,三者以上时用 every 做定语。 Note: each other 指的是两者时间;而 one another 是三者以上。 106. earn 用法:earn money; earn one’s living Note: 可以有双宾语,如:His success earned him a prize. 107. education 用法:常作不可数名词;加定冠词表示一种或一段教育。 Note: 常用 higher 或 further 修饰表示继续教育。 108. effect 用法:have an effect on; take effect Note: effect 作动词时表示进行。 109. end 用法:in the end; at/by the end of; put an end to, odds and ends 杂七杂八 Note: make ends meet 表示收支平衡。 110. engage 用法:engage sb. / sth. , engage oneself to do sth. 保证。engage for 担保,对?负 责。 Note: be engaged to sb. 与某人订婚;be engaged in (doing ) sth. 忙于?。 111. envy 用法:双宾语,envy sb. sth. Note: 名词可以表示受嫉妒的对象,如:He is the envy of others. 112. equip 用法:equip sb. / sth. to do sth. 使具备条件做?, equip sb. / sth. with sth.用?装 备? Note: be equipped with 表示状态。 113. escape 用法:后面要接动名词形式。如:You cannot escape doing it. Note: 常与介词 from 搭配,如:He has escaped from the fire. 114. ever 用法:谈论过去的动作,多用于否定及疑问句。 Note: 也可用于谈论将来的动作,表示强调。如:If you ever see Mike, give him my best regards. 115. everyday 用法:形容词,作定语。表示日常的,相当于 daily 的意思。 Note: every day 起状语作用。 116. except 用法:表示除??之外全部或没有,不包含在一个整体之中。 Note: except for 表示肯定全部,否定局部。注意 except that?的用法。 117. exercise 用法:take exercise, do morning exercises Note: 表示练习时可数;表示体育锻炼时不可数。 118. expect 用法:expect sb. / sth. , expect sb. to do sth. , expect to do sth. / that? Note: expect 后面跟宾语从句,贮于一般是 I,意为“期待,预料,指望,揣想”等。 119. experience 用法:表示经验时不可数;表示经历时可数。 Note: 后面加介词 in 或 of 表示具有某方面的经验。 120. face 用法:make a face; face to face; face the south Note: 多用于 be faced with 这种结构,表示面临、面对。 121. fail 用法: fail to do sth. fail (in ) sth. He failed in the exam. = He failed theexam. Note: 不及物是失败的意思;及物是辜负期望,使某人失望。 122. fall 用法:名词表示秋天;动词表示跌倒,如:fall down. Note: 可用作系动词,表示进入某种状态,如:fall asleep.,fall in love with, fall into 123. famous 用法:be famous as/for/to

Note: 当 it 作形式主语时不可用 famous, 要用 well-known. 124. fear 用法:fear to do sth. fear that?, fear for, for fear of , in fear of Note: for fear that? 后面的从句要使用 should 构成虚拟语气。意为“唯恐,怕的是,以防”。 125. feed 用法:feed sb. feed sb. with sth. feed on sth. feed up 养胖起来。 Note:be fed up with 受够了,腻了,厌烦,不高兴 126. feel 用法:常作系动词,后面用形容词作表语。 Note: 可用作及物动词,用分词作宾语补足语;或 6123 结构。I feel something moving across my feet. 127. field 用法:表示田地、场地,引申意义表示领域。 Note: in the field 表示在田地中;on the field 表示在场地中。 128. find 用法:找到,发现; find ?to do / done / doing sth. 或者 6123 结构。 Note: 强调结果;而 look for, search 等强调动作。 129. fine 用法:The weather is fine. I am fine. Note: 作及物动词时表示罚款。 130. firm 用法:名词表示公司;形容词表示坚固的。 Note: 在固定结构中,可用作副词,如:stand/hold firm 131. fit 用法:be fit to do; be fit for; keep fit ; fit st. / sb. Note: 只有作形容词时才能和 for 连用;该词只可以表示服装大小合适,不能表示款式或颜色。 132. follow 用法:follow sb’s advice; as follows Note: 可用现在分词表示接下来的,如:the following week. 133. for 用法:for all / certain / example / ever / free / fun / instance / long / once / pleasure / shame / short / sure Note: 作为连词,它不能位于句首,他只是对前一句话进行补充说明。 134. forbid 用法:forbid doing sth. , forbid sb. to do sth. Note: 注意这个结构:He was forbidden ______ the job in the room. 此处只能填 to do, 为什么? 135. force 用法:force sb. to do; by force, put…into force Note: 可以表示武力,军队,如:air force. 136. free 用法:free to do; free of charge; for free Note: 可以加介词 from 表示免于,如:Keep the table free from dirt by putting a cover over it. 137. freeze 用法:Water freezes at zero centigrade. Note: 可以用现在分词 freezing 表示极冷的;过去分词 frozen 表示冻住的。 http://www.no1english.com.cn 138. forget 用法:forget sth. / to do sth. / that… / about ; forget oneself in (doing) sth 沉浸在…中。 Note: forget to do sth. 忘记了要做什么;forget doing sth. 忘记了做过什么。 139. from 用法:from now on , from then on, from door to door, from bad to worse, from hand to mouth Note: from where 引导定语从句。He hid under the bed, from where he could see his father come back. 140. front 用法:in front of; in the front of; front line Note: in front of 表示一个物体在另一个物体的前方;in the front of 表示一个物体在另一物体的前部。 141. fun 用法:Have fun; It is fun to do; What fun it is! Note: fun 是不可数名词,表示乐趣;而 funny 则表示滑稽的。 142. furniture 用法:furniture 是不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。 Note: 可以用 a piece/set of furniture. 143. get 用法:get cold; get down to; get away; get close to, get hold of, get in, get off, get on, get rid of, get up Note: 作使役动词时,不定式作宾语补足语时 to 不能省。如:Can you get him to pick me up at seven? 144. give 用法:give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. , give away / back / off / out / up / way to, give one’s life to Note: give out 表示“耗尽,用完”是不及物短语。 145. go 用法:go ahead; go all out; go through; go over, go up, go with, go fishing /swimming / hunting

Note: 作系动词表示变化时,只能表示从好变坏,如:These apples have gone bad. 146. good 用法:do good to = do sb. good; it is good of/for sb. to do Note: 在 It is no good 的句型中,要用动名词作句子真正的主语。如:It is no good talking to him. 147. graduate 用法:graduate from; a graduate 表示毕业生。 Note: 点动词,不能表示毕业时间长短。要表示延续时可以用 be away from school. 148. grass 用法:live on grass; keep off the grass Note: 不可数名词,用复数可以表示各种不同的草。 149. ground 用法:表示室外地面或场地,与 sky 相对。 Note: 引申意义表示讨论的内容,如:Don’t talk about politics; it is forbidden ground. 150. grow 用法:grow up; grow wheat; grow dark Note: 作系动词表示缓慢变化。如:He has grown taller. http://www.no1english.com.cn 作及物动词表示种植;作不及物动词表示生长。 151. guide 用法:作名词表示导游、指南;作动词表示指导、带领。 Note: 作名词时与介词 to 搭配,如:a guide to the museum. 152. habit 用法:get/ form / into the habit of , break away from / off a habit, from / out of / by habit 出于习惯 Note: habit 是指个人的习惯;custom 是指一个社会,一个民族的风俗,还可以表示“海关,关税” 153. hair 用法:头发的总称,不可数名词;表示一根根头发的时候可数。 Note: 还可以用来表示动物的毛。 154. hand 用法:by hand; hand in hand; at hand; hand in, hand down, hand out, hand over Note: 可以表示人手,如:The factory has employed more hands. 155. hang 用法:表示悬挂,过去式和过去分词都是 hung; 表示绞刑,过去式和过去分词都是 hanged. Note: 表示悬挂的状态时,用不及物动词形式。如:My shirt is hanging on the wall. 156. happen 用法:happen to do sth. It so happened that… sth. happen to sb. Note: 区分是碰巧还是发生,记住,人作主语是碰巧;物作主语是发生。 157. hate 用法:hate to do; hate doing Note: 不定式表示某一次具体的情况;动名词表示习惯性动作。如:I hate walking in the rain. I hate to go out tonight. 158. have 用法:have sb. do/doing/done; have to do Note: have to do 表示客观需要;而 must 表示主观看法。 159. head 用法:Use your head; head of the department; head for Note: 可以用作量词,如:a head of cattle. 160. hear 用法:hear about / of / from hear sb. do sth. / doing sth. / done ; hearing 听力 Note: hear 表示结果;listen 只表示动作。Hear from 收到某人的来信。 161. heart 用法:by heart; heart and soul; lose heart Note: 表示灰心的时候不能说 lose one’s heart. 162. help 用法:can’t help doing sth.; can’t help to do sth. help to do; can’t help but do sth. , can’t but do sth. Note: help 后面的动词不定式的 to 可以省略。 163. home 用法:go/come home; be at home Note: home 本身可以作副词,前面不加介词。 164. hope 用法:hope for; hope to do; hope that Note: 不能说 hope sb. to do. 165. however 用法:副词,在句中作插入语,起一个连词的作用,一般有逗号与句子分开。 Note: however 加副词 / 形容词,引导一个状语从句。However hard he tries, he never succeeds.

166. hurt 用法:Me leg hurts. He was hurt. Note: 作不及物动词时表示疼痛;作及物动词时多指情感上的伤害。 167. ill 用法:be/fall ill; speak ill of; ill manners Note: 表示生病时是表语性形容词,不能作定语;作定语时表示不良的。 168. immediately 用法:它本身是一个副词,意为“立即,马上”= at once = right away Note: 可以引导一个时间状语从句= as soon as 。Immediately he entered, all of us stood up. 169. in 用法:in a flash, in a good time, in a moment, in addition to, in aid of, in chains, in fact, in memory of Note: in time 及时,有提前之意;最后,终于。on time 指正点,踩着时间点。In 也可以作副词。 170. include 用法:including me; me included Note: include 表示部分包括;而 contain 表示全部包括。 171. increase 用法:increase to/by Note: 表示自然增长时用不及物动词形式,表示人为增长时用及物动词形式。 第一英语网 172. insist 用法:insist that sb. should do; insist on doing sth. Note: 当 insist 表示坚持要求做某事的时候,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气;当 insist 表示坚持认为的 时候,不用虚拟语气。如:He insisted that I should come to his office at one o’clock. He insisted that I didn’t return the money. 173. intend 用法:intend to do sth. / doing sth. / that?, intend sb. to do sth./ Note: intend for (原)打算给某人;准备让某人干?。是别人干;mean to do sth. 是自己干。 174. interest 用法:be interested in; a place of interest Note: 表示一般意义的时候不可数;表示具体的兴趣爱好可数。 175. join 用法:join in; join up; join to Note: join 表示加入一个组织;join in 表示加入一种活动。 176. judge 用法:judge by; judge from Note: 当表示由??来判断的时候,要用 Judging from 的形式作状语。 177. jump 用法:jump up/onto/down; jump the stream Note: 作名词时可以表示跳远,如:long jump. 178. just 用法:just now/then; just a little boy; just struggle Note: just now 通常与过去时搭配;just 通常与完成时搭配;用作形容词时意为“公正的,适当的” 179. keep 用法:keep quiet; keep doing; keep on doing; keep sb. from doing Note: keep doing 表示不间断地做某事;keep on doing 表示动作是时断时续的。 180. kind 用法:a kind of; all kinds of; It is kind of you to do that. Note: 可以用 Would you be so kind as to sth.表示劳驾。 181. last 用法:last week; last for two hours Note: the last but one 表示倒数第二。作动词表示持续,后跟时间。The meeting will last two hours. 182. late 用法:be late for; come late to; late at night Note: late 作副词表示晚;而副词 lately 表示近来。 183. law 用法:by law; make/pass/observe/break the law Note: 表示抽象意义时不可数;表示具体法律时可数。 184. lay 用法:lay the table; lay eggs Note: lay 的过去式及过去分词都是 laid. 185. lead 用法:lead to; lead sb. in doing; led by , lead sb. to do sth. Note: lead to 表示导致,其中的 to 是一个介词。

186. learn 用法:learn from; learn that?, learn sth. by heart Note: learned people 表示博学的人;learn that 表示得知。 187. leave 用法:leave for; leave sth. to; ask for leave Note: 可以在 leave 后面分用词作宾语补足语,如:Please don’t leave the pot uncovered. 188. lesson 用法:Lesson Two; teach sb. a lesson; draw a lesson, give sb. a lesson Note: lesson 表示所学的内容;class 表示课程。 189. let 用法:let sb. do; let in/out, let alone Note: Let’s go home, shall we? Let us go home, will you? 190. lie 用法:lie in; lie to sb. Note: 表示说谎时的过去式和过去分词都是 lied; 表示躺卧、存在、位于某个地点时过去式为 lay, 过去 分词为 lain. 191. like 用法:like to do sth. / doing sth. ; feel like doing sth. ; look like ; nothing like; do as one likes, if you like Note: 作动词是“喜欢”;作介词,形容词是“像”。How do you like??你觉得?怎么样? 192. likely 用法:be likely to do sth. ; It is likely that?; Note: 作副词的时候多和 most, very 连用。 We will most likely be late. 193. little 用法:little boy; little hope; a little; little by little Note: 做形容词表示数量时只能修饰不可数名词;作副词用在句首时句子要用倒装语序。 194. live 用法:live and learn, live by, live apart, live from hand to mouth, live on, Note: live 形容词,活的,与 dead 相对应,一般作定语;还可以表示实况直播。作表语用 alive。lively 活泼的,活跃的;living 作定语,活着的。 195. lonely 用法:a lonely house; feel lonely Note: lonely 是以 ly 结尾的形容词,可以作定语也可以作表语,主要表示孤独的状态。 196. long 用法:long face, long memory, for long, all day long, so long 再见。 Note: long 作为动词,意为渴望,跟不定式; long for 后面跟名词。 197. look 用法:look fine; look as if; look at/into/through/back/down upon Note: 与 see 不同的是,look at 主要强调看的动作,不强调看的内容。 198. lose 用法:be lost; lose one’s life; lost heart Note: be lost 往往表示丢失了,而 bemissing 强调不在现场。 199. major 用法:major part; major in Note: an ?major 表示主修某专业的学生。 200. make 用法:make a dash for, make a deal with, make a face, make friends with, make ?into?, make it, make out, make sense, make sure, make up, make up one’s mind, make up for, 以及用于 6123 结构。 Note: 该词后面的宾补不能用现在分词;当反身代词作其宾语时,宾补只能是过去分词。 201. manage 用法:manage to do; manage it Note: manage to do 表示成功地做成某事,不成功不可以用。 202. many 用法:too/so many people; as many as; a good/great many, many a Note: 只能修饰可数名词,常用在否定及疑问句中。 203. marry 用法:A marry B; got married; marry well/young, be married to sb. Note: marry 是点动词,不能表示时间延续。如要表示结婚的时间长短可以用 have been married for? 204. matter 用法:It doesn’t matter; a matter of fact ; What’s the matter? Note: the matter 在句中只能作表语,如:Can you tell me what is the matter? 205. mean 用法:mean to do sth. ; mean doing sth. ; What do you mean by??

Note: mean to do 表示打算做某事;mean doing 表示意味着。 206. means 用法:by means of; by no means; every possible means, by all means, by this means Note: means 是单复同型的名词。只有加了 s 才能表示“方法,手段”。 207. measure 用法:measure one’s height, The tablecloth measures 18 by 20 feet. Measure one’s owrds Note: 用作名词,意为“措施”,可数。Take measure s to do sth. / against sth. 208. meet 用法:meet sb. at the station; meet the need; meet with = come across Note: meet 可以表示有目的的去见;meet with 往往表示偶遇。 209. mind 用法:mind doing; make up one’s mind to do; Do you mind?? Would you mind if I did sth. ? Note: 回答 mind 的问句时,介意用 yes, 不介意用 no. 210. miss 用法:miss doing; miss the train; be missing Note: miss 和 hit 是反义词,表示没打中/打中。还可以表示想念,怀念。miss sb. / sth. 211. moment 用法:at the last moment, for the moment, for a moment , not for a moment, this moment Note: the moment (that)…引导的是时间状语从句 = as soon as 212. more 用法:more or less; the more…, the more…; more than,no more than, not more.. than Note: 数词要放在 more 之前,如:one more. 213. most 用法: most of all, at the most, make the most of, 可作主语宾语;加 the 是最高级;a 表示非常; Note: mostly 副词,大部分,大多数,常置于表语中。 214. move 用法:move over to; be moved to tears Note: 现在分词 moving 表示令人感动的;过去分词 moved 表示觉得感动的。 215. music 用法:dance/listen to music; a piece of music Note: 前面不加冠词,如表示具体某人的音乐时可以加冠词。 216. must 用法:must be; must be doing; must have done; mustn’t do Note: must 表示推测时翻译成一定是,只能用在肯定句中,而 mustn’t 表示禁止。 217. name 用法:by name, by the name of, call one’s names, in the name of, make one’s name, of the name of Note: 用作动词,意为“命名,取名”,常用于句型 7。name after, name sb. as / to be 218. nationality 用法:What’s your nationality? 第一英语网,英语学习第一站 Note: 回答这样的问句时要说 I am Chinese. 219. necessary 用法:if necessary; it is necessary to do/that Note: 在 necessary 后面的从句要用虚拟语气,即 it is necessary that sb. should do 的形式。 220. need 用法:need to do; needn’t do; need doing = need to be done Note: 在疑问句、否定句中可以把 need 作为情态动词使用。作为实意动词时则不限句型。 221. next 用法:next to the room; next one; the next day; next door neighbor Note: next to 可以表示仅次于,如:Next to swimming I like running best. 还可以表示“几乎”。 222. no more 用法:no more books; no more than Note: no more than 表示仅仅;not more than 表示不超过。 223. none 用法:none of; none is there Note: 用于三者或三者以上;可以代替人或事物。 224. nor 用法:neither…nor…; nor do I. Note: nor 用在句首时,要使用倒装语序。Neither…nor…连接两个主语时,谓语动词要用就近原则。 225. notice 用法:notice sb. do/doing; notice that; take notice of Note: 作名词时可以表示提前通知,如:They wanted two weeks’ notice before I left. 第一英语 226. number 用法:a number of; the number of; large/small number

Note: 只能修饰可数名词,不能修饰不可数名词。 227. object 用法:作名词时表示物体、宾语、目标;作动词表示反对。 Note: 常与介词 to 搭配,后面接动名词。 228. occur 用法:表示发生,不及物动词,没有宾语,没有被动语态。 Note: 句型 It occurred to sb. that…表示某人突然想起某事。 229. offer 用法:offer to do; offer sb. Sth , offer sth. for $ , offer $ for sth. Note: 作名词时 offer 可以表示开出的价钱,如:a special offer. 230. old 用法:ten years old; how old; older; oldest Note: 表示家庭成员长幼时要用 elder 和 eldest. 231. once 用法:once upon a time; once in a while; once every two weeks Note: 可以引导时间状语从句,表示一旦……。 232. open 用法:keep the door open; be open to; an open window Note: be open 表示开放;be opened 表示开张。 233. operate 用法:operate sth. 及物,开动,操作。不及物时,“起作用”Is this drug operating yet? Note: 动手术,只能是不及物。常和介词 on 连用。You can get a private doctor to operate on him. 第一英语网 234. or 用法:either…or.. , one or two… , or else, or rather, or so, Hurry or you won’t make the train. Note: or other 和 something , sometime 等词连用表强调。I’ll think of something or other for the plan. 235. order 用法:order sb. to do; order that…; in order to; out of order Note: order 后面的从句要使用虚拟语气,即 order that sb. should do 的形式。 236. other 用法:would rather, some…or other , others, the others ,the other day 不久前有一天 Note: tthe other 指两个中的另一个。others , the others 可以做主语宾语等。 237. outdoor 用法:outdoor activities Note: outdoor 是形容词,作定语或表语;outdoors 是副词,作状语,如:Let’s play outdoors. 238. over 用法:over there; over 40; go over; come over to my house Note: 表示在……之上时,over 往往表示运动。如:The plane flew over the city. 239. owe 用法:owe $ to sb. = owe sb. $ owe? to ? ?应归功于? 或者?用归咎于?。 Note: owing to 由于,后跟名词。 His death was owing to an accident. 240. paper 用法:a piece of paper; paper work Note: 表示纸张时不可数;表示报纸、文件、试卷时可数。 241. part 用法:(a) part of; part with; spare part Note: a part of 表示一小部分;part of 不强调大小。 242. past 用法:go past sb.; in the past; in the past 10 years Note: in the past 与过去时搭配;in the past 10 years 用完成时。 243. pay 用法:pay a visit to, pay attention to , pay back, pay for, pay off, pay one’s respect to , pay out, pay up Note: pay 的宾语既可以是人也可以是金钱。用作名词,表示工资待遇,不可数。 244. percent 用法:percent of Note: 百分数的动词单复数主要由其所代替的名词所决定。如果代替的是不可数名词或可数名词单数,谓 语动词用单数;如果代替的是复数名词,则谓语动词也用复数形式。 245. permit 用法:permit sb. to do; permit doing Note: 与 allow 用法一样,但还可作不及物动词,如:If weather permits, we will go for an outing. 246. persist 用法:persist in (doing) sth. 坚持干。。。 Note: persist that? 坚持说。。。 247. persuade 用法:persuade sb. to do; persuade sb. into doing

Note: 只有表示劝说成功的时候才可以用 persuade, 否则可以用 try to persuade. 248. pick 用法:pick apples; pick pocket; pick up Note: pick 表示采摘;pick up 表示捡起,学会,接送,收听到等。 249. play 用法:play a part/ role in , play fair, play a trick / joke on, play truant, play with Note: 该词后跟球类运动不加冠词;跟乐器得加冠词 the。 250. pleased 用法:be pleased with; be pleased to do Note: pleased 是表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。作定语的可以使用 pleasant 251. pleasure 用法:with pleasure; my pleasure; it’s a pleasure Note: with pleasure 表示非常愿意;it’s a pleasure 和 my pleasure 表示不用谢。 252. point 用法:5 points; point of view; point at/to/out Note: point at 表示指着一个物体;point to 表示指着一个方向。 253. population 用法:a large/small population; what’s the population? 5 个考点。 Note: 表示人口数字的时候谓语动词用单数;表示居住在某一地区的人时谓语动词用复数。 254. praise 用法:praise sb. for; in praise of,sing the praises for Note: praise 作名词时不可数。 255. prefer 用法:prefer A to B; prefer sb. to do sth. prefer to do sth. ?rather than do sth. Note: prefer 后面用不定式表示某一次具体的动作,用动名词表示习惯性的动作。 256. prepare 用法:prepare sth.; prepare for sth.; be prepared Note: prepare sth.表示准备某事;prepare for sth.表示为某事做准备。 257. present 用法:present?with sth. , present oneself, be present , be present in 存在 Note: 作为名词意为“现在”,“礼物”,make a present of sth. to sb. 把...送给?at present, for the present, 258. pretend 用法:pretend that?, pretend to do sth. , pretend to sth. 自称。 He pretends to great knowledge. Note: 该词只有两种宾语。作为形容词,意为“假的,想象出的”That is my pretend friend. 259. prevent 用法:prevent sb. (from) doing Note: 在被动语态中,from 不能省略:He was prevented from going to school because of his illness. 260. price 用法:high/low price; what’s the price? Note: 经常与介词 at 搭配,表示以??的价钱/代价。 261. promise 用法:promise to do; make/keep/break a promise, promissing Note: 作动词时可以表示显示出,如:The clouds promise rain. 262. prove 用法:prove to be; prove sth.; prove that? Note: 作系动词使用,表示被证明是??,不用被动语态。 263. provide 用法:provide sth. for sb.; provide sb. with sth. Note: 分词经常作连词使用,表示如果??的话,如:She can go with us provided that she arrives in time. 264. put 用法:put aside / away / back / down / forward / in / into power / off / on / on weight / out/put up with Note: put through 接通电话,经历,完成;put up 修建,张贴,举起手,住宿,捐赠,提出建议 265. quarrel 用法:quarrel with sb. about sth. 就?而吵架;quarrel with sb. for sth. 因?而吵 架 Note: quarrel with 还有“找茬,挑毛病,和...过不去” A bad student quarrels with his pen. 266. question 用法:in question; beyond question; out of (the) question, question sb. on sth. Note: out of question 表示没问题;out of the question 表示不可能。

267. raise 用法:raise the price; raise a question; raise pigs Note: 及物动词,要与不及物动词 rise 分开。 268. rather 用法:had rather, or rather, rather?than?, rather than, would rather?than?, Note: I’d rather you did it. 宾语从句中使用虚拟语气。 269. reason 用法:the reason for/why, reason sb. into doing sth. 通过讲道理使某人做?, Note: 说明 reason 的内容时不能用 because, 如:The reason why he was late was that he was ill. 270. receive 用法:receive sth. receive sb. Note: receipt 收到(不可数);收条(可数),be in receipt of, on receipt of。reception 接待。 271. recognize 用法:recognize sth. / sb. / that?, recognize ?as? Note: recognize 表示辨认出;而 know 表示知道,了解;realize 表示意识到。 272. recover 用法:recover from Note: 过去分词表示痊愈了的,如:Are you completely recovered from your illness? 273. refer 用法:refer to; refer ?to ? Note: refer to 表示谈到、查阅;refer ?to ?表示归功于??、归咎于??。 274. refuse 用法:refuse sth. refuse to do sth. Note: 有时候也有这个句式:They refused me permission. She can’t refuse him anything. 275. regard 用法:regard ?as ?; in/with regard to Note: 复数表示敬意,如:give/send one’s regards to? 276. regret 用法:regret sth. / that? / doing sth. / Note: 如果跟不定式表示“遗憾”,常和 say, tell, announce, inform 等词连用。 277. remain 用法:remain clean; remain to be, remaining Note: 可以作系动词或不及物动词,没有宾语,没有被动语态。 278. remember 用法:remember to do; remember doing; remember me to ? Note: remember to do 表示记着要去做某事;remember doing 表示记着做过某事。 279. remind 用法:remind sb. of sth. ; remind sb. that ? Note: Please remind me to do sth. ?表示请提醒我??。 280. repeat 用法:repeat the question; repeat oneself Note: repeat 本身就有 again 的意思,不能与 again 连用。 281. result 用法:result in 结果?; result from 由?造成。without result 白费。 Note: as a result 结果,作状语;as a result of 由于?的结果,表示原因; in the result 282. return 用法:return to; return the book; in return; many happy returns 祝你长寿 Note: return 本身就有 back 的意思,不能与 back 连用。 283. right 用法:on the right; you are right; all right,It’s all right. That’s all right. That’s right. Note: right 作副词时表示正好,如:He was hit right on the face. 284. rob 用法:rob sth. , rob sb. of sth. robber 劫匪,robbery 抢劫 Note: rob sb. of sth. 还有“剥夺,使失去”You have robbed me of my happiness! 285. room 用法:standing room; make room for; bathroom Note: room 表示空间时是不可数名词。 286. round 用法:round the corner; all the year round Note: a round trip 表示往返;a single trip 单程旅行。 287. run 用法:run a race / a risk / across / after / against / away / away from / down. / for / into / off / out / over Note: 作及物动词可表示“经营,管理”。run off one’s feet 忙得脚丫子朝天。run out of 人做主语。

288. sale 用法:on sale; for sale; sales tax; salesman Note: on sale 表示减价出售(美);出售(英);for sale 表示待售。 289. same 用法:the same as; at the same time; all the same Note: same 前面的定冠词不可省略。 290. satisfy 用法:satisfy sb. be satisfied with , to one’s satisfaction 使某人满意的事 Note: satisfy sb. that?使相信。He satisfied me that he could do the work well. 291. say 用法:say that? say hello / good bye to sb. say to oneself 心里想到,暗自思量。That is to say. Note: say He is said to have gone to the U.S.A. 不定式的动作发生在主句谓语动作前,用完成时态 292. school 用法:at school; go to school; law school Note: go to school 表示上学的目的,不加冠词;go to the school 表示到学校这个场所。 293. score 用法:in score , keep the score, on the score of 由于,为?, Norte: 名词表示“比分,得分,考分”;二十。A score of, scores of , three score and ten 七十 294. sea 用法:go to sea; at sea; by sea Note: by sea 表示乘船;by the sea 表示在海边。 295. seem 用法:seem to do sth. / to be../ 形容词 296. search 用法:search for; in search of Note: search for sb.表示寻找某人;search sb.表示搜某人的身。 297. seat 用法:have/take a seat; be seated; The room can seat 40 people. Note: seat 是及物动词,一般用人作宾语;物作宾语意为“容纳”。没有宾语就必须用被动语态。如:He was seated next to an old lady. 298. seize 用法:be seized with 突然生病,突然感到,产生某种想法 Note: seize sb. by one’s arm = seize one’s arm 299. sell 用法:be sold; sold out; sell sth. for 5 dollars Note: 与 well 搭配时不用被动语态,表示状态。如:This kind of book sells well. 300. send 用法:send up/out/for/away, send sb. to do sth. Note: send sb. to place 表示打发某人去某地;take sb. to place 表示带着某人一起去某地。 301. separate 用法:a separate room; separate?from? Note: separate 表示把不同的整体分开;divide 表示把一个整体分成若干部分。如:Please separate the good apples from the bad ones. He divided the apple into three pieces. 302. serve 用法:serve the people; serve good food; serve sb. Right Note: serve for 不是为??服务的意思,而是充当的意思 = serve as 。如:The box serves for a table. 303. set 用法:set up/out/off/about/an example/ back/ fire to Note: 名词词组 a set of 可作量词使用,表示一套。 304. shall 用法:作为助动词表示纯粹的将来,用于第一人称。 Note: 情态动词,用于 1,3 人称的疑问句,征求对方意见;用于 2,3 人称,表示许诺,威胁,命令。 305. share 用法:share sth.; share in happiness Note: 名词表示一份,如:I want my share of the money. 306. should 用法:情态动词表示虚拟语气,用于表示请求,建议,命令等词后面的从句中,可以省略。 Note: 用于 It is time that?句型时,不能省略。在 If 从句中,表示与将来事实相反。 307. show 用法:show sb. sth. show sb. round, show off, show up, show sb. in / out /the door Note: show sb. in / out 中的 in / out 是副词 308. sick 用法:be sick of; sick people seize hold of seize 强调突然;而 hold 表示状态。 /分词/名词 /介词短语 Note: It seem that? , It seems as if? There seems to be ?

Note: 表示生病的时候既可以作表语也可以作定语。 309. since 用法:ever since, since then, long since It is ?.since? Note: since 引导的从句在句首是让步状语从句,时态和主句一致;位于句末时间状语从句,用一般过去 时态,特别注意 since 引导从句中的谓语动是瞬间动词还是延续性动词。It’s a long time since you were here last. = It’s a long time since you left. 第一英语网,英语学习第一站 310. size 用法:be of the same size; size 25 Note: 短语 the size of 可以表示大小比较,如:This hall is three times the size of that room. 311. sky 用法:in the sky; skies 特殊用法:表示世上独一无二的事物,前面用定冠词;在有形容词修饰时,前面有时加不定冠词。如:Pink clouds floated in a pale sky. 312. sleep 用法:go to sleep; sleep soundly Note: sleeping 表示熟睡的;sleepy 表示昏昏欲睡的。 313. smell 用法:smell sth. , sth. smell + 形容词。Smell like?, smell out Notre: smell 作系动词,后面一般跟形容词作表语,不能用被动语态和进行时态。 314. snow 用法:snow hard; snowstorm Note: 表示物质的时候不可数;表示一场雪的时候可数。 315. so 用法:so as to do sth. , so far, so far as, so long as, so that.. , so-so, so-called, or so, even so, and so on Note: so?that? 状语从句,从句中有情态动词表示目的,没有表结果;so ? as?引导定语从句。 It so happened that?碰巧。 316. sometimes 用法:表示频率的副词,经常用在一般现在时中。 Note: some times 表示几次;some time 表示一段时间;sometime 表示某一时刻。 317. soon 用法:as soon as; sooner or later; soon after; how soon , as soon as possible / one can Note: no sooner ?than 表示刚??就??,用在句首时,句子用倒装语序,如:No sooner had he arrived than he began to complain. 318. sorry 用法:be sorry for; I’m sorry, but? , be sorry to do sth. / have done sth. Note: 表示难过时只能作表语;作定语时表示可怜的、悲惨的。如:a sorry look. 319. space 用法:in space; spaceship; a parking space Note: 表示宇宙空间时不可数;表示空间、空地时可以作可数名词,也可以作不可数名词。 320. spare 用法:spare sth. , sspare sb. sth. , spare sth. to do sth., spare no effort to do sth. / in sth. Note: 作为形容词,意为“多余的,空闲的”,“富余的”,“清瘦的”。 321. speak 用法:speak for, speak of, speak out, speak to, speak with, generally / strictly speaking Note: 作及物动词时,只能跟语言作其宾语:He can speak Chinese. 322. spend 用法:spend ?in doing; spend ?on sth. http://www.no1english.com.cn Note: 必须用人作 spend 的主语。 323. sport 用法:sports and games; sportsman; sports meet Note: 表示某项运动时可数;表示运动的总称时不可数;作定语用时常用复数。 324. stand 用法:stand for, stand by, stand on one’s head / hands, stand out as, stand up, stand up for, stand up to Note: 作为系动词表示状态,意为“位于”,作为及物动词可表示“忍受,经受”。 325. start 用法:start to do sth. start doing sth. start for / off / out / up / with, at the start, from start to finish

Note: start 着重突然开始的动作,常用来表示“开动,发动”。start the car, start to work 326. steal 用法:steal a glance / look 偷偷瞧一眼,steal away, steal sth. from sb. Note: 及物动词意为“偷”;不及物动词意为“溜”。steal into the house 327. stick 用法:with a stick; walking stick; stick out; stick to sth. 特殊用法:表示困住的时候多作不及物动词,如:The key has stuck in the lock. 328. stop 用法:stop doing; stop to do; a bus stop; stop sb. from doing Note: stop doing 表示停止做某事;stop to do 表示停下来去做别的事。 329. strike 用法:strike twelve; be on strike; be struck, go on strike Note: struck 和 stricken 都是 strike 的过去分词。stricken 主要用作定语,表示受灾的、受罪的,如: All the people were rescued from the stricken ship. 330. study 用法:in the study; study sth., Note: 名词经常用复数,表示各种学科的学习,如:I will not end my studies when I leave school. 331. succeed 用法:succeed in doing sth., succeed to the throne, succeed ?as Note: 不及物动词意为“成功”,常和介词 in 连用。及物动词意为“继任,继承”。 332. suffer 用法:suffer from sth. Note: 受苦,受到;suffer from 后面跟疾病名,“生?.病”。suffering 名词,痛苦,苦难。 333. suggest 用法:suggest doing; suggest that Note: 当 suggest 表示建议的时候,后面的从句要用虚拟语气,即 suggest that sb. should do 的形式; 当 suggest 表示显示的时候,不用虚拟语气。如:He suggested that we should leave at once. The smile on his face suggested that he was very pleased. 334. suit 用法:a suit of; suit sb. Note: suit 表示服装的颜色、款式,或某种情境等适合某人;fit 表示服装的大小对某人合适。 335. supply 用法:supply sth. , supply sb. with sth. = supply sth. to sb. Note: 可以作名词用,意为“给养,供应品”,可数。in short supply 供应不足 336. suppose 用法:suppose that? , be supposed to do sth. Note: suppose 可以用作连词引导从句,意为“假定”= supposing that?. 337. surprise 用法:in surprise; by surprise; to one’ surprise; be surprised at?, surprise sb. doing sth. Note: 在 surprise 后面经常用动词不定式作原因状语,如:He was very surprised to see me. 338. take 用法:take up/on/for/off/back/away/out/down, take it for granted that? Note: 当 take 表示花费的时候,常用 it 作形式主语,即 It takes/took sb. some time to do sth. 339. talk 用法:talk of/about/back; talk sth. Over Note: talk 主要强调说话者之间的交流,不强调说的内容。 340. taste 用法:taste sth. , taste like, in good / bad taste , of taste, to one’s taste Note: 做连系动词以为“尝起来”,后跟形容词。作名词意为“品味,格调,修养”等。 341. teach 用法:teach oneself; teach sb. how to swim, teach school Note: 引申意义表示教训,如:teach sb. a lesson. 注意比较:give us a lesson 342. tear 用法:tear down / off / in half / in two / one’s hair / to pieces / up ; in tears, bust into tears Note: 作动词意为“扯,拉,撕”;作名词意为“眼泪”。 343. tell 用法:tell sb. sth. , tell sb. to do sth. tell a story, tell of, tell about, tell one’s fortune, to tell you the truth Note: tell ? from? 把?与?区分开来。该词一般用于双宾语句型或宾补句型。 344. think 用法:think of/about/over/out/up/ through / highly of, think of?as? ;6123 结构。

Note: 可以用 think aloud 表示自言自语;think to oneself 心里想。 345. through 用法:through the window/bridge; get/look/go through Note: 表示纵向穿越或穿越一个立体结构。 346. tire 用法:tire sb.; be tired of/from Note: 现在分词 tiring 表示令人疲倦的;过去分词 tired 表示感到疲倦、厌烦的。 347. touch 用法:keep in touch; get into touch; be out of touch Note: keep in touch with 表示与??保持联系;get into touch with 表示与??取得联系。 348. train 用法:by train; take the train; training Note: 当 train 前面有定冠词的时候,不能用介词 by, 要用 on. 349. treat 用法:treat ? as? , treat sb. to sth. treat with, be one’s treat, under treatment Note: 作为动词有“治疗”之意,但只强调治疗的动作,不注重结果。 350. trouble 用法:in trouble; trouble sb.; get into trouble; have trouble doing Note: have trouble doing 表示做某事有困难;take trouble to do 表示不辞辛苦地做某事。 351. try 用法:try one’s best to do sth. ; try to do sth. ; try doing sth. ; try sb., try on 特殊用法:try to do 表示尽力;try doing 表示试着做。 352. turn 用法:in turn; by turns; turn on/off/down/up/in/to/out/over/round Note: 当 turn 用作系动词时,后面的名词前不加冠词,如:After years of hard work, he turned writer. 353. under 用法:under the table; under 20 years old; under discussion / treatment / construction Note: 引申意义表示在??的管辖之下,如:He had nearly fifty men under him. 354. unless 用法:表示除非,主语通常用现在时,从句用一般现在时。 Note: 从句中的有些成分通常可省略,如:He will never come here unless invited. 355. until 用法:not ?until ?; it was not until ?that ?当 not until ?用在句首时,主句要 用部分倒装。 Note:主句谓语动词是延续性的动词用肯定;是瞬间动词则用否定形式,以构成 not?until 结构。 356. urge 用法:urge sb. to do sth. , urge that?, urge to, urge for, 第一英语网 Note: 作为及物动词,意为“敦促,呼吁,促使,驱使,强调”等意思。 357. up 用法:up and down, up to, be well up in / on, Note: It is up to sb. to do sth. 应/该由某人决定做某事。 358. upstairs 用法:go upstairs Note: 用作定语时,要定语后置,如:a room upstairs. 359. used 用法:a used car; used to do; be used to doing; be used to do Note: used to do 表示过去常常做某事;be used to doing 表示习惯于做某事;be used to do 表示被用 来做某事。 360. usual 用法:as usual; usual place Note: usual 和 common 都可以翻译成通常的。 usual 表示时间上的经常性; common 表示范围上的普遍性。 而 361. various 用法:various kinds 特殊用法:在 various 后面只能用复数名词,而在 different 后面既可以用单数名词,也可以用复数名词。 362. very 用法:very good/well; the very book Note: 表示非常的时候是副词;作形容词表示加强语气。He is the very man I want to work with. 363. wait 用法:wait about, wait for, wait on , wait to do sth. , wait until?, wait up, waiting room Note: 不及物动词,在某些搭配中是及物动词:wait the answer, wait the result, wait one’s chance 364. want 用法:want to do; want sb. to do; You are wanted on the phone. Note: 在 want 在表示需要时,want doing = want to be done 如:This room wants cleaning.

365. warn 用法:warn sb. to sth. warn sb. of sth. warn sb. that? Note: warn sb. not to do sth. = warn sb. against doing sth. 366. waste 用法:waste sth. waste away, waste one’s breath, waste sth. in doing sth. Note: 作名词用时意为“浪费”不可数,但可加不定冠词。It’s a waste of time your talking to him. 367. watch 用法:watch sb. / sth. , watch sb. doing sth. / do sth. / done / 介词短语,watch for / out / out for / over, on watch , go on watch, keep a watch on, keep watch Note: 用在祈使句中一般意为“当心”;作名词是手表的意思。 368. way 用法:by the way; in the way; in a way; make one’s way, under way, ways and means, on the way to Note: in the way 表示挡路、妨碍;in a way 表示在某种意义上。 369. wear 用法:wear a new shirt; wear out Note: wear 除了表示穿着之外,还可以表示佩戴,如:wear new glasses; wear a necklace; wear a flower 370. weigh 用法:It weighs 15 pounds. It weighs light / heavy. Note: 作及物动词意为“权衡,考虑”。weight 名词;weighty 形容词。 371. well 用法:well done; in the well; well worth; He is well. do well in Note: 在表示身体好的时候 well 是形容词,在表示其它意思的时候是副词。 372. will 用法:against one’s will, at will, good / ill will, be willing to do sth., Will you please do sth? Note: 作为助动词,表示纯粹的将来;情态动词表示意愿;作名词表示意志,遗嘱。 373. when 用法:可引导时间状语从句,定语从句,条件状语从句 since when, when doing sth. Note: when 引导的从句中,动词既可以是瞬间动词,也可以是延续性动词。 374. while 用法:a little while; for a while; once in a while Note: 可以表示对比关系,翻译成然而,如:He likes sports while I enjoy reading. 375. win 用法:win the game; win a prize Note: win 的宾语不能是对手,不能说 win sb. in the game. 376. wish 用法:wish sb. good luck/all the best; wish that? Note: wish 表示不能实现的愿望,因此在后面的宾语从句中要使用虚拟语气。 377. without 用法:without delay, do without, go without, without number, do / go without Note: 介词引起短语作状语,不同的名词有不同的意思。 378. wonder 用法:wonder that?/ to do sth. / at / about , do wonders , It’s a (no) wonder that.. Note: I wonder if you would do sth? 表示委婉地提出请求或疑问。名词表示奇迹,难怪 379. word 用法:in one’s own words; in other words; in a word Note: 可以表示命令、消息等,前面不加冠词,如:Word came that I was wanted at the office. 380. work 用法:at work; out of work; go to work; work out; doesn’t work, work as, work at Note: 还有起作用,有效果。名词表示工作不可数;表示著作可数;works 表示工厂,为单复同形。 381. worth 用法:be worth doing; be worth 5 dollars; be worthy to be done, be worthy of being done Note: worth 翻译成某事值得被做,但后面要用动名词的主动形式,不能用被动形式, 382. youth 用法:in one’s youth; youth club; a good youth Note: 作可数名词时表示个体;作不可数名词时表示整体


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