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必修2 定语从句语法专项训练

年级:高一年级 班级: 科目:英语 主备教师:张喜龙 协作教师:其他教师

( ) whose = ( ) that

engineer? He lives in a house whose windows face south. I don’t know about the man (that) yo

u mentioned. A plane is a machine that can fly. The pen (which) my uncle gave me is missing. Children like to read books which have wonderful pictures. as 可以引导非限制 性定语从句, We have found such materials as are used in their factory. He is not the same man as he was. As we all had expected, Liuxiang won the gold medal in the competition.

必修 2 定语从句 语法专项训练
【导学卡】 :
学习目标:1、熟记定语从句的基本用法规则;掌握用法;能分析较难的定语从句。 2、合作探究,主动学习,学会分析与总结的方法并学以致用。 学习重点:能够在具体语境中熟练运用定语从句。 学习难点:在具体语境中正确使用关系代词和关系副词。 考点分析:语法填空中的准确运用;写作中的灵活运用;在完形填空和阅读理解中,对复合句的正确 理解。 which


Part 1.定语从句的定义及其关系代词的使用
Step 1. 分析下列句型: 1. I can’t remember everything (that) happened during the time in university. 2. The film is about a spy (whose) wife betrays him. 3. Barbary was working in Beijing, (where) she went daily in a bus. 4. He said that he had never seen her before, (which) was not true. 5. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of (which) uses it somewhat differently. 总结: 在复合句中,用来修饰____________和____________的从句叫做定语从句。被修饰词叫____________, 用来引导定语从句的关联词叫_____________。定语从句分为____________和_____________。 (思考:限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句的区别是什么?) ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Step 2.关系代词的用法总结: 关系代词: 关系代词 who whom 先行词 在从句中充当什么 (指人或物) 成分 指人 作主语 例句分析 The boy who is standing there is my cousin. The man (whom) you met yesterday is Mr. Smith. The boy (whom) you are looking for is hidden behind the tree. Do you know the boy whose father is an

1. 注意:as 既可以放在主句前,也可以放在主句后,位置较为灵活,意为“正如…” ,后面的谓 语动词一般是:see, know, expect, say, mention, report, announce 等。但是,which 引导的非限制 性定语从句,只能放在主句之后,意为“这一点” 。 Freddie, as might be expected, was attending the conference. China is becoming one of the most powerful countries in the world, as/which we all know. He invited us to dinner, which was very kind of him. 2. 当先行词受 such, the same, so 修饰时,常用 as 如:such+名词+as… 意为: “像……一样的” , “像……之类” the same+名词+as…… 意为: “和……同样的” 。 例句: He is not such a fool as he looks.(作表语) I never heard such stories as he tells.(作宾语) You must show my wife the same respect as you show me.(作宾语) I have never heard such a funny story as he tells. = I have never heard so funny a story as he tells. This is the same book as I lost last week. 【注意 1】当先行词由 the same 修饰时,偶尔也用 that 引导定语从句,但是和由 as 所引导的定语从 句意思不同,如何区分 the same ……as 和 the same ……that; This is the same book that I lost. -------------(指同一本书) This is the same book as I lost. ---------------(并不是原来的那一本书) She wore the same dress that she wore at Mary’s wedding. She wore the same dress as her young sister wore. 【注意 2】定语从句 such?as ?与结果状语从句 such? that?的区别:

whose =

He has such a good laptop as I want to buy. He has such a good laptop that I want to buy one. She She is so lovely a girl ___________ we like . is so lovely a girl ___________ we like her.

3. This summer _______I spent in Italy is so hot. 4. Is this the shop ________sells children's clothing? 5. This is one of the largest rooms ________I've ever slept in.

Part 3. 拓展知识:
Step 1.在什么情况下只能用 that 引导定语从句;

Step 3.“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句 分析下列例句: The man to whom he is talking is my father. This is the pen with which I wrote the letter. 注意: “介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句时,介词的宾语只能用________(指物) 和_________(指 人) 。即:介词+_____________/_______________. 思考下列两个句子的变化: The man whom/that he is talking to is my father. This is the pen which / that I wrote the letter with. 总结:当介词位于定语从句的末尾时,可用______/_______(指物) ,用_________/__________(指人) 作介词的宾语,而且做介词宾语的关系代词往往省略。 注意:在固定搭配的动词短语中,由于动词和介词不可分割,因此不能把介词位于关系代词之前。 判断正误: This is the pen for which I’m looking. ( ) This is the pen which I’m looking for. ( ) (思考:关系代词充当什么成分时可以省略?)

1)当先行词是 anything, everything, nothing (something 除外), few, all, none, little, some 等代词时,或者是由 every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much 等修饰时。如: Have you taken down everything All that Mr. Li has said?

that can be done has been done.所有能做的事情都做了。

You can find any information that you need on the Internet. 2)当先行词被__________词修饰。如: The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben. 3)当先行词被_________________修饰时。如: I think the film Assembly《集结号》 is the best film that I have seen. 4)当先行词被 the very\right, the only,just the 修饰时。如: This is the very dictionary that I want to buy. After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing that he owned. 5)当先行词前面有 who, which 等__________词时。如:

Part 2.关系副词的使用及其与关系代词的转化

关系副词 when = ( where = ( why = ( 先行词 在从句中充当的成 分 例句分析 I will never forget the day when/on which I joined the Party. The factory where/in which my father works is in the east of the city. None of us know the reason why/for which Tom was absent from the meeting.

Who is the man that is standing there? Which is the T-shirt that fits me most? 6)当先行词既有_____,也有动物或者物体时。如: Can you remember the scientist and his theory that we have learned? 7)关系代词在句中作表语时, He isn’t the person that he used to be. 8)主句为 there be 句型时, There’s a pen that belongs to Tom on the desk. 思考:在什么情况下只能用 which 引导定语从句; _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________

) ) )

注意:先行词为时间、地点时,引导词不一定都要用 when 或 where 引导,要判断它在定语从句中的 句子成分。如果引导词在定语从句中作主语或宾语,就要用 which 或 that。 请分析下列句子中应该使用的引导词: 1. This is the factory _________we visited last year. 2. This is the factory _________we worked last year.

思考:在什么情况下只用 who 不用 that; ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 特别关注:以 the way 为先行词的定语从句 The way (in which/ that) he answered the question was surprising. Step 2. that 在定语从句与同位语从句的区别: News that Wanglin had been admitted to Beijing University came from the school office.(同位语从句) The news that the TV reported yesterday excited the whole nation.(定语从句) 注意:that 在同位语从句中不充当任何成分,只起引导从句的作用; that 在定语从句中要充当一定的成分,一般充当主语、宾语或表语。所以区别两者的关键在于 从句中是否缺少成分。 判断下列句子是同位语从句还是定语从句: The fact that the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years has worried many scientists.( ) The fact that we learned from the News Center was really disappointing.( ) Step3.学习定语从句应该注意的问题 1. 关系代词和关系副词的选用 关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分, 先行词在从句中做主、 定、 宾语时, 选择关系代词 (who, whom, that, which, whose);先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词 ( where 地点状语,when 时间状 语,why 原因状语) 。 方法一: 用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。例如: This is the mountain village where I stayed last year. I'll never forget the days when I worked together with you. 判断改错 This is the mountain village where I visited last year. I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside. (习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词 where, when 联系在一起。) 方法二: 准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状) 例 1. Is this museum ___ you visited a few days ago? A. where B. that C. on which D. the one 例 2. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held? A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

1)I’ll never forget the time ________________ we worked together. 2)I’ll never forget the time ________________ we spent together. 3)This is the factory _________ he worked before. 4)This is the factory _________ he visited before. 5)The reason ________ I was absent yesterday was that I was ill. 6)The reason __________ he explained for his being late was that he had missed the early bus. (1)This is the factory ________ I visited last year. (2)This is the factory _______ I worked last year. (3)This is the factory _______ produces all kinds of TV sets. (4)This is the factory _______ products are all kinds of TV sets. A. where B. which C. whom D. whose

1)Do you still remember the chicken farm _______ we visited three months ago? A. where B. when C. that D. what (2005 北京春) 2)Women _______ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those ________ don’t. A. who; 不填 B. 不填; who C. who; who D. 不填表; 不填(2006 北京卷) 3)Look out! Don’t get too close to the house______ roof is under repair. A. whose B. which C. of which D. what (2006 福建卷) 4)—Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm _________ we worked. (2007 山东卷) A. that B. there C. which D. where 5) In an hour, we can travel to places ______ would have taken our ancestors days to reach. A. where B. when C. which D. what (2006 上海卷) 6) Anyway , that evening , ______ I will tell you about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’ s place .

A. when B. where C. what D. which (2004 浙江卷) 7)Is this the reason _______ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? (2002 上海 春季) A. he explained B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained 二、用适当的关系词填空: 1. I still remember the night _______I first came to the house. 2. We are learning English, a language _____ is used in many places in the world. 3. I will never forget the days _______I spent with your family. 4. Tell me the reason ______ the American lady left. 5. Do you still remember the place______ we visited last week? 6. Do you still remember the place_______ we found the lost child? 7. The house _____ stands on the top of the hill was built last month. 8. He is the only person ______ saw the accident yesterday. 9. Who is the student _____was late for school today? 10. He lives in the room____window faces to the south. 11. The manager walked toward the gate _____ the workers are waiting. 12. Autumn is the time of a year______farmers get in their crops. 13. Allen is the girl ________ I think will succeed in the test. 14. Those are the shoes __________ I lost last week. 15. Her parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone ______ family was poor. 三、请找出下列各句中的错误并加以改正。 1. This is the factory where we visited last week. 3. The person to who you spoke is a student of Grade Two. 4. The house in that we live is very small. 5. The sun gives off light and warmth, that makes it possible for plants to grow. 6. I’ve read all the books which I borrowed from the library. 7. This is the best film which I have ever seen. 8. My father and Mr. Smith talked about things and persons who they remembered .

9. Everything which we saw was of great interest. 10. His dog, that was now very old, became ill and died. 11. The reason which he didn’t go to school is that he was ill. 12. Those who wants to go with me put up your hands. 13. The boy, his mother died last year, studies very hard. 14. I have two sisters, both of them are doctors. 15. We’re going to visit the school where your brother works there. 16. He is the only one of the students who have been invited to the English Evening. 17. That is the way which they work. 18. Those have questions can ask the teachers for advice.

19. Who is the man who has white hairs? 20. I will never forget the days which we had a good time together at the sea. 四.欣赏并翻译下面的高考范文(体会定语从句) : Mike’s mother did almost everything for him when in high school, which brought him a hard time adjusting to the first-year college life. However, afterwards he got accustomed to it bec ause of the academic atmosphere and colorful activities there. As for me, what I do every day is to study hard to enter a famous university, which is always the expectations of my parents and teachers. So traveling among classroom, dormitory and canteen is the routine work.. Seldom do I have the time to do some activities. Anyway, unlike you, I have learned how to be independent in a boarding school, which is beneficial to adjust to the college life. It seems to me the ideal college life is that I become matured both physically and mentall y, and that I obtain qualified academic knowledge and get well prepared for society at the same time. As we all know,college is wildly different from middle school. It connects not only adolesc ence to adulthood,but also the ivory tower to the real society. So an active part in activities,associations,as well as some romances are three keys to achieving my ideal college life.

__________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________


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