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上海英语高考语法选择题单项复习-上海及全国高考及部分区县校际联考模拟卷试题汇总 Season 1


上海英语高考 选择题单项复习、练习与总结
P.F. Productions 制作著作

(2010~2011 年 试题版)

内容仅供参考,不负任何法律责任

特别提示: 未经官方许可,请勿进行转载牟利,违反该条文者后果自负! 说明: 1. 本复习材料仅针对上海英语高考而设,供使用的群体为高中生,可供高一、高二学生在学完某知识点后进行自 测,也可供高三学子综合复习。复习单元分为考点归纳、考前巩固、模拟演练、各地高考链接四个模块。 “考点 归纳”主要是对近年来上海英语高考考点的总结; “考前巩固”是用来测试考生对章节考点的掌握情况,但本模 块的考试题型或与高考不同,为的是让考生能摆脱高考题型进行测试; “模拟演练”录入了近年来上海各重大正 规考试的相应试题,让考生在关注了前一模块的错题后,再进行正规考试,查漏补缺。 “各地高考链接”收集了 当年的各地高考试题,目的在于让考生能在大范围下了解每一个模块可能涉及的考题类型。由于某些部分近年 来考查频率较低,故将部分“模拟演练”试题并入“考前巩固”中。对于某些较为重要,或较难掌握的知识点, 我们特邀某些重点高中老师为我们撰稿统筹了部分试题,列入“专题训练”中。 2. 本复习资料不仅针对上海高考英语选择题,更是为整个高中语法的回顾而编撰的。由于语法考查现已进一步出 现在翻译、写作中,故许多语法单项复习后还包括翻译练习。特别加设的改错练习,目的是让读者能在找出错 误的同时自己也长个心眼,能在翻译、写作等环节避免类似错误。由于许多语法细节虽不出现在正式考题中, 可在日常学习过程中会有所体现。现在在高中课堂中有一种现象就是老师学生能知道某些表达是错误的,可就 是说不明白错误的原因。这些所谓“语感”的语法依据基本上都能从我们编撰的“考点归纳”中找到。此外, 为适应高中生可能面临的非高考考试(如名校自主招生考试),我们特别将某些知识点详细化,以备不时之需。 ( 3. “模拟演练”模块录入的是近年春考、秋考真题、市调研卷、各区县模拟题及部分校际联考试题;每题结尾括 部 号里的内容表示的是试题出处,其中上海春秋考以“年份+春 / 秋”表示;市调研卷用“年份+市调研”表示; 各区县模拟题用“年份+区县-1 / 2”表示,其中 1 代表一模卷,2 代表二模卷, “四区”指的是静安、杨浦、青 浦及宝山四区组织的二模考试;校际联考用“年份+联考简称”表示;其中“十一校联考”参与命题学校为“三 林、上南、南汇一中、大团、周浦、曙光、中光、嘉定二中、张堰、莘庄”“六校”为“东昌、卢湾、光明、 ; 北虹、六十、同二”“八校”为“松江二中、青浦、七宝、市二、行知、进才、位育、(嘉定一中、南洋)”“七 ; ; 校”为“华师大一附中、曹杨二中、市西、市三女子、控江、格致、市北、(育才)”“十校”为“南模、复兴、 ; 上外、复旦附中、延安、华师大二附中、上海、上师大附中、交大附中、向明” “各地高考链接”模块中,每 。 题结尾括号内通过“年份+地区”表示出处,其中“全国 I”指的是“河北、河南、山西、广西”等地高考考题, “全国 II”指的是“云南、贵州、甘肃、青海、新疆、内蒙古、西藏”等地高考考题。特别说明,由于许多考题 涉及多个知识点,故可能单纯归类于某个模块,敬请谅解! 4. 5. 6. 成功阅读本文档需装配 Times 字体、方正准圆 GBK 字体。我们不建议读者自行更改文档格式。文档中的“*” 可有两种含义,其一见于词组、句子前,表示该表达方式是错误的;其二用于题号前,表示该知识点稍显超纲。 本文档仅为试题版,参考答案已完成且另附。如有需要者,请填写完最后一页的问卷调查,注明您索要答案的 要求,并一同发至 zhucanqi@163.com,我们将尽快予以回复! 如有不便,敬请谅解。 本文档录入的是 2010 至 2011 年度的部分试题,P.F. Productions 或将根据情况录入后续多年的试题,并推出续 集,敬请关注。如果您对我们有何意见,可发邮件至 zhucanqi@163.com 与我们联系! 如果本文档内容涉及法律 问题,您也可通过邮件形式与我们联系,我们将在 30 个工作日内进行回复(节假日及特殊情况除外)。感谢支持! 制作人: 水母,来自上财
上海英语高考 选择题单项复习、练习与总结 2010~2011 年 试题版 P.F. Productions 2009~2011 制作著作 1/248

Contents 目录 (2010~2011 版)
(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法 ·································· ··········· ·········· ··········· · 3 ·········· ··········· ··········· · 考点归纳、考前巩固、模拟演练、各地高考链接 (二)介词 ························································· 12 ··········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ···· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ··········· ···· 考点归纳、考前巩固、模拟演练、各地高考链接 (三)名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词 ·········································· 20 ··········· ·········· ··········· ·········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· 考点归纳、考前巩固、模拟演练、各地高考链接 (四)冠词与数词 主谓一致 ················································ ··············································· 29 ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ····· 考点归纳、考前巩固、各地高考链接 (五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关 ······································· 40 ··········· ·········· ··········· ······· ·········· ··········· ··········· ······· 考点归纳、考前巩固、各地高考链接 (六)动词的时态和语态 ·················································· ················································· 46 ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ······· 考点归纳、考前巩固、模拟演练、各地高考链接 (七)情态动词及虚拟语气(初步) ············································60 ··········· ··········· ·········· ··········· · ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ·· 考点归纳、考前巩固、模拟演练、各地高考链接 (八)复合句——名词性从句 ···············································72 ··········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ···· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ···· 考点归纳、考前巩固 (九)复合句——状语从句 ················································ 81 ··········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ····· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ······ 考点归纳、考前巩固 (十)复合句——定语从句 ················································ 91 ··········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ····· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ······ 考点归纳、考前巩固 (十一)倒装句、省略、特殊结构 ············································ ··········································· 101 ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· · 考点归纳、考前巩固 (十二)从句综合练习·················································· 114 ··········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ······· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ········ 考点归纳、综合测试(各地高考链接、上海地区链接?、?) (十三)非谓语动词及其相关 ·············································· 147 ··········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ··· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ···· 考点归纳、考前巩固、模拟演练、各地高考链接 (十四)易错、易漏点总结 ················································ ··············································· 190 ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ····· 易错 易漏点归纳 例题、编后语、综合演练、结束语 (十五)综合测试 ····················································· ···················································· 228 ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ·········· 综合过关测试 Keys 参考答案 ······················································ 234 ··········· ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· · ·········· ··········· ··········· ·········· ··········· ·
上海英语高考 选择题单项复习、练习与总结 2010~2011 年 试题版 P.F. Productions 2009~2011 制作著作 2/248

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(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

(一) 比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法
? 1. 考点归纳 表示倍数的常用结构: (原级比较、平衡结构) ? A + v. (be) + 倍数 / 分数 + as + adj. + as + B This book is twice as thick as that one. ? A + v. (be) + 倍数 / 分数 + the price / size / weight / age / amount / length … + of + B My room is five times the size of yours. ? A + v. (be) + 倍数 / 分数 + a. / adv. 比较级 + than + B This room is four times larger than that one. ? A + v. (be) + 倍数 + that / those of + B (= as much as …) His weight is three times that of mine. * ? 基数词 + -fold From 1980 to 1990, Danube (多瑙河) shipping increased more than sixfold. 2. 比较级(及其他)表示最高级的常用结构: ? A + v. (be) + 比较级 + than + any other + n. (single) Russia is bigger than any other country in the world. ? A + v. (be) + 比较级 + than + anyone / anything, etc. + else Jimmy is taller than anyone else in his class. ?the others ? A + v. (be) + 比较级 + than + any of + ? ?the other + n. (plural) Jimmy is taller than any of the other students / the others in his class. ? be second to none e.g. This building is second to none in height in this city. 3. 4. 5. 比较级、最高级修饰语: 比较级前可加诸如 even, far, much, still, a lot 等的程度副词;当比较 对象属于同一范围时应使用 other / else 将本身排除在范围外 合成词作定语的表达方式: a 5-year-old boy / a four-legged pet;注意 be of (great) help = helpful n. + -ly ? adj. adj. + -ly ? adv. e.g. friendly, carefully 某些副词有两种形式,一是与形容词同形,二是由该形容词加 -ly 构成,注意区分异同: deep, deeply high, highly close, closely dead, deadly, dying well, good bad, badly farther, further live, alive, lively late, later, latest, latter, lately clear, clearly easy, easily, etc. -ed 与 -ing 型形容词的区别: 前者用于描述人的感受,后者用于修饰引发该感受的人或事 too much 修饰不可数名词或动词;much too 修饰形容词或副词原级 多个形容词修饰一个名词时,根据形容词与所修饰名词的关系密切程度来排序,从左至右, 依次为 ①冠词、指示代词、不定代词、物主代词;②序数词、基数词;③性质、特征;④尺寸;⑤ 大小、长短、形状;⑥年龄、新旧;⑦颜色;⑧国籍、出处;⑨材料;⑩用途、类别 也可表达为 (选自 《新编英语语法教程》 ) 限定词→表示说话人评价的形容词→表示大小、形状、新旧的形容词→表示颜色的形容词→ 表示国别、来源、材料的形容词→表示用途或目的的形容词或分词、名词等类别词→名词 9. 古英语遗留下来的几个 -ed 分词用法问题: 如 drunk 作补语,drunken 作名词修饰语;类似地 还有 lighted (名词修饰语)与 lit (补语) 10. 一般情况下形容词放在名词前,但在以下情况下形容词需要后置: ①与 something, anything, nobody 等不定代词连用;②表语形容词(alike 等)需后置;③形容词短语一般后置;④特殊情 况,如以 -ible 结尾的形容词与 only 连用时常后置;⑤当修饰语本身带有不定式、介词词组 等补足成分时通常后置,如 Students brave enough to take the course deserve to succeed. 11. ☆ such 的固定结构类似于 how, what 感叹句结构 (参见感叹句,具体用法见结果状语从句) so,
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6. 7. 8.

2 12. 常见形容词、副词后缀

(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

13. 补语形容词包括表示健康状况的词(如 well, ill)以及以前缀 a- 开首的词(少部分为副词);这类 形容词一般不能直接作前置修饰语, 但一般都存在着一个同义词, The soldier was alone. ? 如 He was a lone / solitary soldier. 此外,a- 开首的补语形容词带修饰语时一般可作前置修饰语, 如 a really alive student 14. 形容词 + that 分句中,that 在口语中常可省略;能做类似用法的形容词有 sure, certain, glad, amazed, surprised, confident, proud, disappointed, pleased, shocked 等; 该句型有时可与形容词 + 介词词组、 形容词 + 不定式换用, I‘m sure that you will get success. = You are sure of success. 如 = You are sure to get success. 15. cf. no more than (only), not more than (at most), no more … than (与…都不一样), no less … than, no other than, no better than (as bad as), no less than (as much as), not less than (at least), cannot / can never … too (再…也不为过) 16. 含 as 的结构 ? (not) as / the same … as … 两者(不)一样 You are as sweet as sugar! ? … not so much A as B … 与其说是 A 不如说是 B He isn‘t so much a student as a teacher. ? A is to B what / as C is to D A 对于 B 来说就像 C 对于 D,该结构中 what / as 可相互替换, 但 what 引导的是比较状语从句,其中表比较,而 as 表等同,如: 2 is to 8 as 1 is to 4. Intellect is to the mind what sight is to the body. 17. 含 more 的结构: ? the more …, the more … 越……越…… (the more 仅表示比较级,并不意味着需将形容词、 副词原有比较级改为 the more 形式,如 the wider 不应改为 the more wide) ? more and more 越……越……,前者为从属分句,后者为主句,并常伴有省略; ? more … than … 与其说是……不如说是……;比……更加 There are more wonders in this world than are dreamt of. 其反义词组为 less …than …,如 John is less daring than quick-witted. ? more than ①表示否定, That is more than I can tell. ②不仅仅……, My trip to Beijing 如 如 is more than sightseeing. (不仅仅是游览观光而已); no more than 只有(强调少);not more than 不超过(客观描述) 18. 有些表示“极度”的形容词无比较级和最高级,如 perfect, dead, empty, absolute, round 等 19. 以 -ior 结尾且含比较意义的形容词用 to 代替 than,如 superior, inferior, senior, junior, prior 等 20. 某些类似形容词的区分,如 economical ? economic, respective ? respectable, considerate ? considerable, historical ? historic, satisfied ? satisfying ? satisfactory 等 ? I. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 考前巩固 Complete the sentences on comparatives (比较级) and superlatives (最高级). He was too tired to go _________ (更远). As time went by, she became _________ (不那么焦虑了). – How was the exam? – It _______________ (简单的不能再简单了). This is ______________________ (我所见过最长的大桥了). To Peter, painting is ______________________ (与其说是兴趣,不如说是一种生活方式). – When shall we set out for the outing? – They told us to wait for _________ (进一步的通知). As far as I remember, I was introduced to him in the ______________________ (下半年) of 1978. _________ (不到) a hundred students took an active part in the competition. Their life may seem dull to you, but they are _________ (十二分的满足). They have two sons. Brian is _________ (更漂亮) of the two. _________ you ask, _________ I am. (越……,越没把握) This is one of ______________________ (世界上知名的大学).

II. Choose the best answer.
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(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

The work on a _____ highway bridge over the strait will be started in the next decade. A. 30-mile-length B. 30-mile-long C. 30-miles-long D. 30 mile-long There is no reason why they should limit how much vitamin you take, _____ they can limit how much water you drink. A. much more than B. no more than C. no less than D. any more than A great many educators firmly believe that English is one of _____ taught subjects in high schools. A. the poorest B. the poorer C. the most poorly D. poorliest The _____ workers rushed into the office and _____ passers-by soon gathered around the building. A. excited…interested B. excited…interesting C. exciting…interested D. exciting…interesting Rod was so tired that he fell asleep even though we were flying _____ over the Grand Canyon. A. lowly B. highly C. high D. low Some people believe that some numbers show the _____ side of a person‘s personality. A. hiding B. hid She returned home, _____. C. hidden D. hide D. being overjoyed

2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

A. overjoying B. to overjoy C. overjoyed He feels that he is not yet _____ to travel abroad.

A. too strong B. enough strong C. so strong D. strong enough Overpopulation poses a terrible threat to the human race. Yet it is probably _____ a threat to the human race than environmental problem. A. no more B. not more C. even more D. much more 10. It was _____ we had hoped. A. more a success than B. a success more than C. as much of a success as D. a success as much as 11. _____ to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills. A. Brave enough students B. Enough brave students C. Students brave enough D. Students enough brave 12. You don‘t think we were all _____ careless, _____? A. that…don‘t you B. that…do you C. such…don‘t you D. this…don‘t you 13. From his _____ voice on the phone I know everything is going under way. A. satisfactory B. satisfying C. satisfied 14. The boy is still _____, though badly hurt in his bed. A. living B. alive C. live 15. The book seems to be _____ a dictionary _____ a grammar. A. more…than B. as…than 16. To Lee, _____ of advice may discourage him. C. more…as D. satisfaction D. lived D. like…than

A. a list too long B. a too long list C. too long a list D. a list of long 17. The square itself is five hundred yards wide, five times _____ the size of St. Peter‘s in Rome. A. / B. that of C. which is 18. We have to wait _____ three weeks to know the result. A. other more B. a further 19. Who is ____ student in your class? C. a farther D. of D. least

A. the third tallest B. third tall C. the third tall D. the-third-tallest 20. We don‘t care if a hunting dog smells _____, but we really don‘t want him to smell _____. A. well…well B. bad…bad 21. My dad bought me a _____ yesterday. A. bamboo long fishing pole C. well…badly D. badly…bad

B. long bamboo fishing pole
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4 C. pole long, bamboo, and fishing 22. – You don‘t look very _____. Are you ill?

(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

D. bamboo fishing long pole – No. I‘m just a bit tired. D. healthy D. no such a

A. good B. well C. strong 23. As I know, there is _____ car in this neighborhood. A. no such B. no a 24. You can never be _____ careful in the street. C. not such

A. much B. very C. so D. too 25. Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has _____ IQ. A. a high B. a higher 26. The director gave me a better offer than _____. A. that of Dick‘s 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. V. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. ? 1. 2. B. Dick‘s C. the higher C. he gave Dick D. the highest D. those of Dick

III. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 知识就像一张渔网,渔网越宽越牢,网住的鱼就越多。(the more…the more…) 我认为你们的建议和他们的一样有价值。(as…as) 总裁对年轻人不惧怕困难的精神赞许有加。(speak) 这是迄今为止我所见过的最大的广场。(ever) 据说,中国人比西方人更早使用纸币。(It)

IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. He is no more a writer than a painter. Tom is no wiser than Bob. It is more than probable that he will fail. The beauty of the place is more than I can describe. I was more than pleased with the performance. This room is no darker than that one. I have no fewer friends here than he has. Correct errors, if any, in the following sentences. The building is as higher as that one. Tina is taller than any girl in her class. I‘m astonishing at the news that he is going to attend the meeting. I am most ready; my paper is near finished. The smart dressed women looked out of place (不合适) in the tavern (小旅馆). The old professor was high respecting. The committee will discuss the matter farther. You are certain to success. I can tell you a much more funnier story than that. Dick‘s behaviour is more courteous than Bob. Jones teaches much more friendly than Johnson. He is as a good worker as John. I think Mary is nicer of the two. We can let you have copies as many as you need. This room is larger than that one three times. 模拟演练 The Great Wall is ____ tourist attraction that millions of people pour in every year. A. so a well-known A. colder B. a so well-known B. coldest C. such well-known a C. more coldly (09 秋) D. such a well-known D. most coldly
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Ernest visited the South Pole because he wanted to see one of the ____ regions in the world. (10 春)

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5 3. 4. A. three hour B. a three-hours

(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

It took us quite a long time to get to the amusement park. It was ____ journey. C. a three-hour D. three hours ____ you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. A. However a serious problem C. However serious a problem B. What a serious problem D. What serious a problem

(10 秋) (10 秋)

5. 6.

You‘d be exposed to a lot ____ pollution if you moved to a town with pure water and air.

(11 春)

A. more B. most C. less D. least When he bought the products in a large quantity, he was angry to find they were ____ the samples given to him. (09 市调研) A. as not well as B. as not good as C. not so good as D. not so well as ____, the more severe the winters are. (10 奉贤-1) A. The more north you go B. The farther you go the north C. The more you go north D. The farther north you go Chongming Island is ____ tourist attraction rich in ecological and cultural and historical resources that we‘ll definitely go there again. (10 闵行-1) A. so a great B. a so great C. such a great D. such great a Based on some lawyers‘ ideas, the more severe the punishment, ____. (10 嘉定-1)

7.

8.

9.

A. the less likely crime B. the less likely the crime C. the crime less likely D. the less the likely crime 10. It‘s high time you had your hair cut, since it‘s getting ____.

(10 卢湾-1)

A. too much long B. much too long C. long too much D. too long much 11. My little daughter has walked eight miles today. We never guessed that she could walk ____ far. (10 虹口-1) A. that B. such C. / D. as 12. The manager called upon his employees to improve their service. As a result, the supermarket attracted ____ customers in 2009 as the year before. (10 金山-1) A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice as many as 13. The price of the real estate in Shanghai has been running up to ____ 20,000 yuan per square meter. (10 长宁-1) A. as many as B. the same as C. as much as D. as high as 14. You shouldn‘t have a child ____ swimming alone in the lake. It‘s very dangerous. (10 长宁-1) A. too young to go B. too young go C. young enough to go D. young enough going 15. Some young girls constantly worry that they are overweight, although they are ____. (10 黄浦-1) A. perfectly healthy B. perfectly health C. perfect healthy 16. Peter‘s jacket looked just the same as Jack‘s, but it cost twice ____. 17. D. perfect health (10 浦东-1)

18.

19.

20.

21.

A. as many B. as much C. so much D. so many – Do you like this part of the town, the so-called desired area? – On the contrary, it‘s the ____ area that I want to visit in town. (10 徐汇-1) A. best B. first C. last D. least Amid people‘s concern for health, the price of garlic (大蒜) has been ____ this year as it was last year. (10 闸北-1) A. five times much as B. five times as much C. as five times D. five times much In Scotland the last day of the year is the most important holiday for the winter, ____ Christmas. (10 青浦-1) A. as important as B. less important than C. much important than D. more important than The global economy cannot have been ____ time in the past year, but now most companies are becoming optimistic. (10 宝山-1) A. the best B. a better C. the worse D. a worse American eat ____ vegetables per person today as they did in 1920. (10 崇明-1)
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6

(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

A. more than twice B. as twice as many C. twice as many as D. more than twice as many 22. We were too tired to walk ____ farther towards the evening so we had to find a hotel to stay. (10 崇明-1) A. any B. much C. even D. still 23. The price of the flat now is ____ that last year. (10 卢湾-2) A. as twice high as B. twice more expensive than C. as high as twice D. twice the amount of 24. It is an established fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have ____ accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or grey. (10 浦东-2) A. fewer B. few C. more D. less 25. Compared with the nervousness of driving in the rain or snow, it is ____ to sit in a train without any worry of bad weather. (10 闵行-2) A. more tired B. less tiring C. less tired D. even more tiring 26. – Do you take enough money with you? – Yes, I spent ____ I had expected. (10 四区-2) A. not so many as B. as many as C. much more than D. much less than 27. The salesman showed her several rings and she chose ____ expensive one as she didn‘t want to spend too much money on it. (10 徐汇-2) A. the less B. the more C. the least D. the most 28. Staying in a hotel in Shanghai one day costs ____ renting a house in my hometown for a week. (10 虹口-2) A. the three times price of B. three times the price of C. as much as three times D. as much three times as 29. People pay ____ as to the content of your speech. (10 松江-2) A. so much attention to your voice B. as much attention to your voice C. much attention to your voice D. attention to your voice much 30. The Winter Olympic champion Zhou Yang was ____ that her remarks after winning the gold medal caused criticism from some people. (10 闸北-2) A. a so direct person B. so direct a person C. a direct so person D. a so person direct 31. Americans eat vegetables per person today ____ as they did in 1910. (10 黄浦-2 类似 21) A. more than twice B. as twice as many C. twice as many 32. The higher the oil price is, ____ to the global economy. D. as more than twice (10 奉贤-2)

A. the more damage will it cause B. the more it will cause damage C. the more damage it will cause D. the more will it cause damage 33. Everybody said it was an ideal marriage; no one had ever known ____ couple. A. the happier B. a happier C. a happiest D. the happiest 34. The heart is ____ intelligent than the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain.

(09 八校) (10 十校)

A. not less B. not more C. no less D. no more 35. The lady was so keen on the fur coat that she would have bought it even it cost ____. (10 六校-1) A. as twice much B. much as twice C. as much twice D. twice as much 36. Although the small room is ____ the large one, it is more beautifully decorated. (10 八校) A. one-third the size of B. the one-third size of C. the size of one-third D. one-third of the size 37. In ancient times, people rarely travelled long distances and most farmers only travelled ____ the local market. (10 秋) A. longer than B. more than C. as much as D. as far as 38. An Olympic gold medal carries as much weight as, or ____ than any other gold medal at other international competitions. (11 奉贤-1) A. no more B. other C. not less D. even more 39. The further we entered the mountain, ____ we became. (11 闵行-1)
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7 A. more frightened C. much more frightened

(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

B. the much frightened D. the more frightened (11 虹口-1)

40. Many people consider that French is ____ as Russian while I think the contrary.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

A. as difficult a language B. as a difficult language C. too difficult a language D. too a difficult language The trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn‘t bothered by his loudness ____ by his lack of talent. (11 卢湾-1) A. than B. more than C. as D. so much as – Are you pleased with what he has done? – It couldn‘t be ____. He must have put a lot of effort into his work. (11 徐汇-1) A. any worse B. any better C. so bad D. the best Some people were _____ at performing a particular task than others, so they began to specialize in what they were good at doing. (11 黄浦-1) A. poorer B. best C. better D. good Acupuncture (针灸疗法) is ____ at reducing back pain ____ medicines, according to researchers. (11 宝山-1) A. twice as effective…as B. as twice effective…than C. effective as twice…as D. twice effective as…than Mr. Smith is very happy because the clothes made in his factory have never been ____. (11 浦东-1)

A. popular B. more popular C. most popular D. the most popular 46. China won 100 medals in the Beijing Olympic Games, which are almost ____ those of the Sydney Olympic Games. (11 金山-1) A. twice as many as B. as many as twice C. as much as twice D. twice as much as 47. After the huge fire, there are ____ about fire prevention to the agency this month as last month. (11 闸北-1) A. calls twice as many B. twice as many calls C. as twice many calls D. calls as many as twice 48. I used to earn ____ than a pound a week when I first started work.

(11 青浦-1)

A. a little B. a few C. fewer D. less 49. It is reported that Americans eat too much protein every day, ____ as they actually need. (11 崇明-1) A. twice as much B. as twice much C. much as twice D. as much twice 50. ____ we may face, we‘re supposed to work with joint efforts to fight against it. (11 虹口-1) A. However a severe disaster B. What a severe disaster C. However severe a disaster D. What severe a disaster The house rent is expensive. I‘ve got about half the space I had at home and I‘m paying ____ here. (10 十一校) A. as three times much B. as much three times C. three times as much D. much as three time _____ about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research. (10 十一校) A. So curious the couple were B. Such curious the couple were C. So curious were the couple D. Such curious were the couple The authenticity of dialogue and setting often makes low-budget films seem _____ than the somewhat artificial version of reality in Hollywood movies. (11 六校) A. less real B. more real C. much real D. real – Did you enjoy the drama last night? – Yes. I‘ve never seen _____ one before. (11 十校) A. the more inspiring B. a more inspiring C. the most inspiring D. a most inspiring
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51.

52.

53.

54.

8 55. – I‘m sorry I insulted you, Jimmy.

(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

– That‘s _____ like it.

(11 四区-2)

A. more B. most C. less D. least 56. – How did you find your visit to the Chinese Pavilion at the Expo? – I enjoyed it very much. It was _____ interesting than expected. (11 长宁-2) A. far more B. just as C. so much D. not so 57. I haven‘t _____ idea how that terrible accident could have happened to such a little boy. (11 闵行-2) A. little B. the least C. less D. the little 58. Exercise 3 is _____ difficult in this book, so all the students finish it successfully. (11 黄浦-2) A. least B. the least C. more D. the most 59. Chocolate of various shapes and flavors are generally considered to be _____ gift. (11 普陀-2) A. most welcomed B. the most welcomed C. a most welcomed D. a most welcome (11 普陀-2) 60. I won‘t pay 20 for the jacket; it‘s not worth _____. 61.

62.

63.

64.

A. all that much B. that much all C. that all much D. much all that – Do you regret having paid so much for the trip to Maldives? – No. Since it‘s worthwhile, I‘d gladly pay _____ for it. (11 虹口-2) A. twice as much B. twice so much C. twice as many D. twice so many – What do you think of the film we watched yesterday? – Terrible! I‘ve never seen _____ one. (11 徐汇-2) A. the best B. a worse C. a better D. the worst In a training program, the astronauts had to put up with pressure _____ the force of gravity and carry out both physical and mental tasks at the same time. (11 闸北-2) A. as three times B. three times as C. three times D. as three times as The more exercise you take in your spare time, _____ it will do to you. (11 崇明-2)

A. the better B. the best C. the more well D. the more good 65. Mr. Black is very happy because the clothes made in his factory have never been _____. (11 奉贤-2) A. popular B. more popular C. most popular D. the most popular 66. When Mom looked back on the early days of their marriage, she wondered how they had managed with _____ money. (11 秋) A. so few B. such few C. so little D. such little ? 1. 2. 各地高考链接 I have seldom seen my mother _____ pleased with my progress as she is now. (10 全国 I) A. so B. very C. too D. rather Mr. Black is very happy because the clothes made in his factory have never been _____. (10 全国 II) A. popular B. more popular C. most popular D. the most popular Computers and mobile phones, though they are indeed making out life _____ and more _____ have reduced the need for face-to-face communications. (10 江西) A. easily…efficient B. easy…efficient C. easy…efficiently D. easily…efficiently Jim went to answer the phone. _____, Harry started to prepare lunch. (10 辽宁) A. However B. Nevertheless C. Besides We only had $100 and that was _____ to buy a new computer. D. Meanwhile (10 辽宁)

3.

4. 5.

6.

A. nowhere near enough B. near enough nowhere C. enough near nowhere D. near nowhere enough The cost of renting a house in central Xi‘an is higher than _____ in any other area of the city. (10 陕西) A. that B. this C. it D. one
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9 7.

(一)比较级、最高级及形容词、副词的基本表示方法

8. 9.

It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is _____ another to play it well yourself. (11 全国 II) A. quite B. very C. rather D. much Mr. Stevenson is great to work for — I really couldn‘t ask for a _____ boss. (11 全国 II)

A. better B. good C. best D. still better – The film is, I have to say, not a bit interesting. – Why? It‘s _____ than the films I have ever seen. (11 江西) A. far more interesting B. much less interesting C. no more interesting D. any less interesting 10. The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be _____ the present one. (11 陕西) A. as three times big as C. as big as three times 11. – How was your recent trip to Sichuan? – I‘ve never had _____ one before. A. a pleasant B. a more pleasant B. three times as big as D. as big three times as (11 四川) D. the most pleasant

C. a most pleasant

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(二)介词

(二) 介词
“介词”章节包含普通介词、v. +介词结构、v. +副词小品词结构等。本章节不过多地对介词、副词进行区分。

? 1.

考点归纳 表示时间的介词有 at, on, in, during, for, since, before, after 等;表示地点的介词有 in, at, on, over, above, under 等; 表示方式的介词有 by, in, at, with, from 等; 表示从属关系的介词有 of, for, to, about, on 等 某些介词在句中表示特定的含义,常考的有: ①表示某人穿着某种衣服、鞋子等,或某人穿着的颜色,常用 in ②在范围内、外常用到介词 within / beyond ③用于表示某事发生时某人的感受的常用 in,如 in surprise, in deep thought

2.

3.

一些词之间的辨析,如 among 与 between;except / except for / except that / besides among 一般指的是三者或以上的 “之中”between 指两者间, , 如固定词组 keep the secret between you and me 仅你我所知的秘密

4.

形容词一般要求与一定介词搭配,如 be rich in,但不少形容词后跟不同的介词表不同含义, 如 The man is blind of an eye. (瞎) Jack was blind to his own fault. (不察觉);而另一些形容词后 跟不同的介词意义不变,只是其后的搭配不同,如 be disappointed at 后的介词补足成分为事, 而 be disappointed with 后则通常为人 某些动词后面的介词根据介词宾语的不同而不同;某些动词搭配不同介词会有不同意思: agree + on / with / … get in / on / off / over / to / … be famous for / to / … hand out / over / …

5.

某些形容词后面的介词根据介词宾语的不同而不同; 某些形容词搭配不同介词会有不同意思: be angry at / with 6. be good to / at / …

一般情况下,名词后搭配的介词与其对应的同源动词或形容词后搭配的介词相同,但也存在 例外,如 be interested in ? have an interest in be confident of ? have confidence in;某些名 词之前需要使用介词,如 to one‘s surprise 等 牢记某些词的固定搭配,如 be fond of, take pride in 等,但切勿只根据固定结构而忽略提干 ☆注意 to 既可作为不定式的标志后接动词原形,也可为介词后接 doing,注意分辨 以下提供部分含介词 to 的搭配,其中“to”表示介词 to (试卷真题详见不定式章节) add to, attend to (注意,照顾), cling to (坚守), come to (到达), contribute to (有助于), object to, get to (开始做某事), react to (反应), resort to (诉诸), refer to (提及), relate to (与……有关系), stick to, take to (从事), apply … to, attribute … to (归因于), accustom … to, commit … to (使负 有责任), devote … to (致力于), owe … to, prefer … to, reduce … to, be used to (习惯于), get down to (开始认真做), face up to, look forward to, deaf to (不愿听), equal to (相等的), loyal to, similar to, superior to, sensitive to, obstacle to, limit to (限速), aid to, objection to, key to, answer to, 一些复杂介词如 according to, as to, owing to, prior to, thanks to, in addition to 等 特殊介词: 短语介词(because of, instead of 等)、二重介词(from behind)、分词介词(concerning, given, including 等) 考前巩固 Complete the passage by using appropriate prepositions (介词).

7. 8.

9. ? I.

_____ plants, people could not live. We eat plants. We breathe the oxygen that plants produced. And we need plants _____ another very different reason: we need them _____ their beauty. Imagine a world _____ no plants. You cannot find any plant _____ your reach. Imagine no flowers _____ their sweet smells, _____ their beautiful colors and lovely shapes. Imagine, when the wind blows,
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(二)介词

2 not being able to hear the leaves _____ the trees or watch the branches swing _____ side _____ side. Imagine not being able to see the buds (花蕾) _____ the trees open and turn _____ colourful blossoms. There are a large variety of plants _____ the world, _____ which sunflower is my favourite. She always faces _____ the sun, which filled people _____ hope. Different people have different attitudes _____ plants. Most people regard them _____ their friends or something. II. Put in prepositions where necessary. Note a “/” means that nothing is needed. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. On my way _____ home, I met a young woman _____ twenty-five and a man _____ his thirties. The one _____ dark glasses _____ the photo, the second _____ the left, is my former classmate. Switzerland lies _____ France, Germany, Austria and Italy. This is just _____ you and me: He fell _____ love _____ a girl _____ a hot temper. _____ John, his wife Suzuki is also joining us. Twice a day she took her dog for a stroll _____ the river. Don‘t approach _____ the dog. Won‘t you be afraid _____ it? He‘s terribly tight-fisted. He simple hates to part _____ money and it turns _____ to be the only thing he is longing _____. You cannot understand it until you‘ve looked _____ the matter. The Huangpu River runs _____ Shanghai and divides it _____ two parts. You need to keep your Chihuahua _____ the road, or you won‘t see it _____ good. _____ the funeral, people were all dressed _____ black. Now that I‘ve shown you the proof _____ the story, can you give me the key _____ the door? After a heated discussion they agreed _____ whether it is right to drive _____ full speed. He attempted _____ vain to set up a company _____ his own. Many words associated _____ life in the West are Spanish _____ origin. Luckily, the bullet narrowly missed the captain _____ an inch. The Internet has brought _____ big changes _____ the way we work. Doctor Bethune showed great concern _____ the wounded soldiers and felt sympathy ____ them. I‘m sorry it‘s _____ my power to make a final decision _____ the project. It suddenly occurred _____ Anne that money couldn‘t make up _____ all that Bob had suffered. He will agree to do what you require _____ him. _____ principle, I agree _____ you. But it‘s not so simple _____ practice.

III. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 他自幼喜欢画画。(fond) 虽然他的健康每况愈下,但他仍然坚持给贫困学生免费授课。(persevere) 约翰逊故意讲这些事来惹我生气。(purpose) 我来不及刹车,一头撞到了前面那辆车上。(run) 正是在春天人们可以看到许多美丽绽放的花朵。(bloom)

IV. Decide which one of the four choices given is the most suitable to complete the sentence. a b c d 1. Fruit is rich _____ (with, in, of, for) vitamins. 2. She was deaf _____ (of, to, at, on) his request to do her work. 3. Jim was impatient _____ (of, with, at, on) his daughter. 4. I believe they are related _____ (on, by, with, at) marriage. 5. Our new house is very convenient _____ (for, to, at, in) the office as it‘s within walking distance. 6. John got a job, so that he could be independent _____ (with, of, from, at) his parents. 7. The dialect was one peculiar _____ (to, on, with, at) the North. 8. The jury decided that Susan was guilty _____ (on, by, of, with) murder. 9. Everyone blames you _____ (on, for, in, against) a certain mistake.
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(二)介词

3 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. V. 1. 2. 3.

The surgeon operated _____ (on, at, with, for) him for appendicitis (阑尾炎). We can substitute garlic _____ (for, into, with, on) onion in that sauce. Mrs. Robert got _____ (to, after, over, at) her sickness very quickly. He compared the girl _____ (to, with, in, for) a flower. A greengrocer deals _____ (with, in, on, at) vegetables. Have you accounted _____ (for, in, to, down) all the breakages? Dick boasted _____ (on, in, of, at) his success at billiards. Do you think this scarf would go _____ (on, for, in, with) my dress? He‘s got a degree _____ (with, to, in, at) chemistry. He takes pride _____ (of, in, to, with) doing things properly. Her marriage _____ (with, to, at, of) Smith didn‘t last very long. Nobody knew the reason _____ (for, of, to, about) his disappearance. A key _____ (with, at, to, into) the back door is always kept on a high ledge above the door. The Japanese mountain climber had a narrow escape _____ (to, against, for, from) death. While some species of whales are nearing extinction, many countries refuse to accept even a partial ban _____ (at, on, from, for) whale hunting. Vitamin C tablets, if taken regularly, may reduce your chances _____ (to, of, at, in) getting a cold. He had made many accusations, but he has never given any proof _____ (to, at, of, about) the truth of what he‘s said. Joe takes satisfaction _____ (with, in, about, at) having a beautiful garden. Parents sometimes feel that that they have no influence _____ (on, of, to, with) their children. He felt sympathy _____ (at, for, with, to) her misfortune. My uncle is an expert _____ (in, at, of, to) electronics. In many schools, students don‘t have sufficient access _____ (in, to, from, at) the library. The key _____ (at, of, to, for) success is hard work. We met him _____ (at, for, by, with) accident, quite _____ (at, for, by, with) chance. The city was left _____ (at, in, on, with) ruins by the conquerors. _____ (To, In, Of, At) a sense, your explanation is right. We know the professor would visit everyone _____ (by, at, in, for) turn. The chair is _____ (on, by, in, at) the way. Let‘s move it away. They arrived _____ (on, at, in, to) the afternoon of 20th December. He always writes _____ (with, in, at, for) a careless manner. Much _____ (to, at, with, for) his regret, he had found out his mistake too late. Health is _____ (to, of, in, with) more value than money. I consented yesterday. But _____ (for, to, on, with) second thoughts, I must refuse. Jessie sang _____ (at, with, on, to) the accompaniment of the piano. It would not be _____ (at, to, with, for) my benefit to do that. He acted both tragic and comic parts, but he was _____ (at, in, to, beyond) his best in comedy. He saved the boy from the fire but _____ (with, at, in, on) the cost of his own life. Nobody knows the age of the earth _____ (at, in, for, under) certain. _____ (Except for, Save for, Along with, In addition to) three children he had an adopted daughter. He is superior _____ (than, to, on, at) me _____ (under, in, to, at) age. No agreement was reached _____ (up to, thanks to, as to, due to) how much we must pay. Decide whether to is functioning as a preposition or as part of an infinitive, and then complete the sentence with the -ing participle or the infinitive of the verbs in brackets. While he was in the office he preferred _____ (doing) something to _____ (doing) nothing. They objected to _____ (leave) school and _____ (go) to work. The teacher wishes to _____ (speak) to you in regard to _____ (be) late.
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(二)介词

4 4. 5. 6. 7.

When it comes to _____ (bell) the cat, the mice have nothing to _____ (say). Restraining home demand is the key to _____ (increase) our exports. I now feel committed to _____ (try) to _____ (make) it work. It might be better to _____ (try) to _____ (discuss) it in his own language, as he isn‘t used to _____ (speak) English. 8. Since the introduction of new services, many businessmen have taken to _____ (travel) by train for journeys between 100~200 miles. 9. He came to _____ (realize) that he was mistaken. 10. He was reduced to _____ (beg) for a living. ? 1. 模拟演练 Four Chinese models were ____ the 14 people awarded prizes on Friday at the World Supermodel Competition. (09 秋) A. among B. between C. along D. beside We‘re planning to send out a thousand invitations ____ Expo volunteers. A. over B. in C. on D. to Sean has formed the habit of jogging ____ the tree-lined avenue for two hours every day. A. between B. along C. below Soon after dinner Wayne drove off ____ the direction of Paris. D. with (11 春) (10 春) (10 秋)

2. 3. 4. 5.

6.

7. 8. 9.

A. to B. at C. for D. in In the swimming competition, Phelps has an advantage ____ his opponents in confidence. (09 市调研) A. on B. of C. by D. over With the economic crisis ____ hand, and the unemployment rate on the rise, career planning will definitely benefit you. (10 奉贤-1) A. in B. on C. by D. at Her exam results put her ____ the top ten per cent of students in her grade. (10 闵行-1) A. among A. with B. between B. for C. in C. as D. at (10 嘉定-1) (10 卢湾-1) D. by Let‘s learn to use the problem we are facing ____ a stepping-stone to future success. Though she tried hard to pull the fish ____ her, she was pulled deeper into the water.

A. by B. with C. after D. towards 10. ―We Chinese people always put emphasis on the friendly relationships ____ the people of all countries.‖ said the Ambassador. (10 虹口-1) A. with B. under C. to D. between 11. My family and I are animal lovers, so we certainly have no objection ____ raising a pet at home. (10 金山-1) A. of B. to C. against D. with 12. The smart criminal always paid ____ cash, so the police could not track him down. (10 长宁-1) A. on B. by C. in D. for 13. Researchers are working on treatments that lengthen the life time of mice ____ 50%. (10 黄浦-1)

A. of B. by C. for D. at 14. Getting a good night sleep is directly related ____ not only how we feel next day but our long-term health as well. (10 浦东-1) A. in B. from C. through D. to 15. A new study shows anger may help people reduce the negative impacts ____ stress and help you become healthier. (10 徐汇-1) A. in B. of C. on D. at 16. Given the current pollution problem, people are seriously considering settling ____ a new land like
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(二)介词

5 17.

18.

19.

20.

Mars to start life fresh. (10 闸北-1) A. of B. on C. under D. off No one could keep calm ____ such an occasion when big applause burst again and again. (10 青浦-1) A. for B. in C. on D. to Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao chatted with each child suffering ____ AIDS, listening to them and encouraging them to face their difficulties bravely and be confident. (10 静安-1) A. with B. up C. from D. in What a dangerous scene! A car has missed the boy playing on the roadside ____ only an inch. (10 宝山-1) A. with B. up C. from D. in The manager assured the customer that his complaint would be seen ____ immediately. (10 崇明-1)

A. at B. to C. on D. with 21. Before the bridge-tunnel opened on October 31, 2009, Chongming Island was only accessible ____ ferry. (10 杨浦-1) A. to B. on C. in D. by 22. When supply is more than demand ____ any product, prices are timely to fall. (10 长宁-2) A. for B. with C. about D. to 23. They chatted ____ coffee about their experience as volunteers during the charity. (10 卢湾-2)

A. over B. on C. to D. with 24. I felt it rather inappropriate to turn up at the graduation ceremony ____ jeans and a T-shirt. (10 浦东-2) A. in B. on C. by D. with 25. This new computer is obviously superior ____ the old one because it has many new functions. (10 闵行-2) A. with B. on C. at D. to 26. It saves time in the kitchen to have things you use a lot ____ easy reach. (10 四区-2) A. near B. upon C. within D. around 27. The application of new scientific discoveries ____ industrial production methods usually increases efficiency. (10 徐汇-2) A. of B. for C. to D. in 28. We regret to hear nearly half of the people in that area still live ____ the poverty line. (10 虹口-2) A. under B. over C. below D. above 29. The effective communication ability for a writer is to get the knowledge out of his head and ____ readers‘ heads. (10 松江-2) A. out of B. into C. towards D. for 30. Jack used to work in a garage for a full 10 years, so he fixed the broken machine ____ ease. (10 闸北-2) A. in B. with C. on D. beyond 31. This is the latest attempt to find a peaceful solution ____ the troubles in this area. (10 黄浦-2) A. of B. to C. for D. about 32. – Can he take charge of the computer company? – I‘m afraid it is ____ his ability. (10 奉贤-2) A. beyond B. within C. of D. to 33. American people are wondering whether the newly-elected president and his administration will keep the nation safe and defend it ____ any terrorist attack in the future. (09 八校) A. to B. on C. with D. against 34. Certain actions, especially ____ hands and feet, can cause offense in many countries because of various cultures. (10 十校)
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(二)介词

6

A. in B. by C. on D. with 35. The director of the language training department said that they needed to keep making an effort to tailor their programs ____ the needs of the individual. (10 七校) A. to B. for C. by D. about 36. Earlier than the scientists had expected, it snowed ____ the night of November 10 th this year. (10 六校-1) A. at B. in C. on D. for 37. The plane departs at 8:00, so we may as well be at the airport ____ 7:00 at the latest. (11 奉贤-1) A. by B. after C. till D. in 38. In recent years much more emphasis has been put ____ developing the students‘ productive skills. (11 普陀-1) A. over B. onto C. in D. on 39. Open source classes are part of a growing trend to make higher education available ____ all. (11 长宁-1) A. to B. of C. in D. with 40. We greatly feel sorry ____ those who died or got injured in the disaster. (11 闵行-1) A. for B. with C. at D. in 41. The impacts of any climate change ____ the human population are astonishing. A. in B. on C. with D. by (11 卢湾-1) 42. Julia felt superior, when she was general manager, ____ her colleagues. (11 虹口-1)

A. at B. on C. to D. of 43. St. Louis has replaced Camden, New Jersey ____ the most dangerous US city, according to a study based on FBI crime data which was released Monday. (11 徐汇-1) A. for B. to C. as D. with 44. They won the first prize again. They succeeded ____. (11 嘉定-1) A. in working hard A. to B. to work hard B. under C. in spite of hard work D. by working hard (11 静安-1) (11 杨浦-1) C. for D. with 45. Sale goods can be brought back to the store ____ an exchange or store credit. 46. We were all confused, wondering what was ____ this sudden change of plan.

A. against B. beyond C. below D. behind 47. We are all born ____ a sense of direction, but it is not properly understood how it works. (11 黄浦-1) A. of B. with C. by D. into 48. It was pretty cold last Thursday when we were taking the final exam. But I was dressed ____ it, so I didn‘t mind. (11 宝山-1) A. in B. with C. for D. on 49. Undoubtedly, life teaches us not to regret over yesterday, for it has passed and is ____ our control. (11 浦东-1) A. against B. beyond C. among D. in 50. The last time we had a family reunion was ____ my brother‘s wedding ceremony four years ago. (11 金山-1) A. over B. at C. on D. in 51. Failing to find more channels for profit, many website companies are still dependent ____ online advertisement for survival. (11 闸北-1) A. on B. in C. at D. beyond 52. Getting involved ____ after school activities has given me the opportunity to build up friendship with local students. (11 青浦-1) A. with B. in C. for D. about 53. The two sportsmen congratulated each other ____ winning the match by shaking hands. (11 崇明-1)
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(二)介词

7

A. with B. on C. in D. to 54. – Do you rent rooms _____ the week? You see, I‘m not sure whether I‘ll stay for a whole month? – Yes. The rent is higher, though. (10 十一校) A. for B. by C. at D. on 55. I felt it rather inappropriate to turn up at the graduation ceremony _____ jeans and a T-shirt. (11 六校) A. on B. with C. in D. by 56. Recently, much more emphasis has been put _____ developing the students‘ creativity. (11 十校) A. onto B. in C. over D. on 57. Rock ?n‘ roll was Black music that broke through to white culture when whites played the Blacks‘ songs _____ the same style. (11 四区-2) A. with B. on C. in D. by 58. The environment in major cities in our country has been improved _____ some extent in the last decade. (11 卢湾-2) A. by B. to C. in D. with 59. The suspect was stopped by the security guards at the entrance _____ the hall where an important conference was being held. (11 长宁-2) A. inside B. to C. for D. from 60. We can remember a word better _____ seeing it repeatedly. (11 闵行-2) A. in B. by C. for D. on 61. Over several thousand years of development, Chinese medicine has attracted great attention _____ its unique and marvelous effects. (11 浦东-2) A. to B. in C. on D. for 62. A man _____ plenty of money doesn‘t always have plenty of friends. 63. (11 黄浦-2) A. of B. with C. without D. for Johnson said the British capital wants to use the Olympics ―to drive the greening and the improvement of our city‖ and noted that London is committed to reduce carbon emissions _____ 60 percent by 2025. (11 普陀-2) A. by B. between C. up D. among People all over the world were shocked _____ Japan‘s nuclear explosion caused by the devastating earthquake. (11 虹口-2) A. in B. at C. to D. on Some parents are just too protective. They want to protect their kids _____ every kind of danger, real or imagined. (11 徐汇-2) A. for B. at C. from D. with The shock at the news about the Fukushima earthquake in Japan was _____ words and the whole country was silenced by grief. (11 闸北-2) A. among B. between C. beyond D. above The 184-day world Expo started _____ a spectacular opening ceremony. (11 松江-2) (11 崇明-2) (11 奉贤-2) (11 秋)

64.

65.

66.

67.

A. from B. with C. of D. at 68. Many exceptions _____ the rules of English usage make English difficult to master. A. of B. off C. to 69. _____ increased food intake, Jack continued to lose weight. D. on

A. Despite B. Beyond C. During D. Through 70. Graduation is a good time to thank those who have helped you _____ the tough years. A. through ? 1. 各地高考链接 B. up C. with D. from

Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are _____ everyone‘s enjoyment.
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(二)介词

8 2. 3. A. in B. at C. for D. to The dictionary is what I want, but I don‘t have enough money _____me.

(10 北京) (10 重庆)

4. 5. 6. 7.

A. by B. for C. in D. with So far we have done a lot to build a low-carbon economy, but it is _____ ideal. We have to work still harder. (10 江苏) A. next to B. far from C. out of D. due to Nowadays some hospitals refer to patients _____ name, not case number. (10 江西) A. of B. as C. by I agree to his suggestion _____ the condition that he drops all charges. A. by B. in C. on Tired, Jim was fast asleep with his back _____ a big tree. D. with (10 辽宁) D. to (10 四川)

8. 9.

A. in B. below C. beside D. against My father warned me _____ going to the West Coast because it was crowded with tourists. (10 天津) A. by B. on C. for D. against Sometimes proper answers are not far to seek _____ food safety problems. (11 安徽) A. in B. to C. on D. after With new technology, pictures of underwater valleys can be taken _____ color. A. by B. for C. with D. in (11 重庆) (11 山东) (11 北京)

10. Shirley, a real book lover, often brings home many books to read _____ the library. A. in B. for C. by D. from 11. I‘m sorry I didn‘t phone you, but I‘ve been very busy _____ the past couple of weeks. A. beyond B. with C. among D. over D. on

12. Nick, it‘s good for you to read some books _____ China before you start your trip there. (11 四川) A. in B. for C. of 13. He was a good student and scored _____ average in most subjects. A. below B. of C. on 14. I always wanted to do the job which I‘d been trained _____. A. on B. for C. by (11 天津) D. above (11 浙江) D. of

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(三)名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词

(三) 名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词
? 1. 2. 考点归纳 (部分代词、名词的内容将出现在“主谓一致”章节) 名词的复数形式: passer(s)-by grown-up(s), etc. 特别注意某些单复数同形的名词,如 means, works, series 某些名词多以 -s 形式存在, 某些名词 -s 形式与无 -s 形式有所区别, instruction / instructions, 如: custom / customs, damage / damages, supply / supplies, experience / experiences, word / words, surrounding / surroundings, hair / hairs, etc. physics, means, the Barber‘s, etc. 集体名词多数不可数,但诸如 team, committee, family 等词单数时将集体视为整体,而复数时 则指构成集体的一个个成员;物质名词多不可数,作为可数名词时意义不同,如 water(s) 可 数时指大面积的水域;抽象名词多数不可数,但某些抽象名词如 victory, conference 等可数; 另一些抽象名词可以复数形式出现,但不能计数,如 difficulty / difficulties, opinion, opinions; 某些抽象名词有复数与非复数两种形式,但表示不同含义,如 experience 表“经验”时没有 复数,表“经历”时,两种形式均可 名词属格注意: ①复合名词或作为整体的名词词组的属格在最后一个词尾加 -‘s, somebody 如 else‘s opinion;②并列名词表示各自的关系,在各个名词后加 -‘s,如 Mary‘s and Bob‘s books, 若为 Mary and Bob‘s books 则指两人共有的书;③独立属格常用于表示某人的家、住宅、教 堂、公司等,如 the Johnsons‘, St. Paul‘s (Cathedral), the grocer‘s 等;④双重属格结构中,介词 补足成分必须是确定的人,如 a friend of the doctor‘s,一般不说 *a friend of a doctor‘s 以及 *a cover of the book‘s,此类结构修饰名词的多为非确定特指的限定词如 a, any, some 而非定冠 词,如一般不说 *the son of Jack‘s;⑤of- 词组与双重属格一般可交替使用,但有时意义会有 较大差别,试比较 a picture of Mr. Jackson‘s (一张杰克逊先生画的或拥有的画作) / a picture of Mr. Jackson (一张画杰克逊先生的画作) 名词化倾向(nominal style): ?his wedding day I haven‘t seen him since ? . (Here his wedding day is better than he got married.) ?he got married 限定词一般可与单数名词、复数名词、不可数名词搭配,共分为以下七类情况: ①三者均可: the, some, any, no, other, whose 及物主限定词;②只能与单数名词: a(n), one, another, each, every, either, neither, many a, such a 等;③只能与复数名词: both, (a) few, another two, several, these, those, a number of 等;④只能与不可数名词: a bit of, a large amount of, a great deal of, (a) little, much 等;⑤能与单、复数名词: the first, the last, the next 等词,如 the last three students; ⑥能与单数、 不可数名词: this, that 等; ⑦能与复数、 不可数名词: a lot of, lots of, plenty of, more, enough, more, most, such, other 等;特别注意限定词、代词的先后顺序问题(you, he and I) 区分某些词: other(s) / the other(s): 带-s 的词(指 others / the others)为代词,不带-s 的可修饰名词;the other 指的是一定范围内除 去一部分后的全体,other 指的是除去一部分的另一部分,但不是全体 all / both / none / neither: all 指三者或以上的全都;both 指两者的全都;none 指三者或以上的全都不;neither 指两者 的全都不;选择题中注意句子意思(but 等转折词)、主谓一致及数量(两者、三者或以上) other / another: 前者位于数字后(two other books),后者位于数字前(another three weeks) nothing / no one (nobody) / none: nothing 与 no one (nobody)指无范围的否定;none 指有范围否定 8. ? I. (a) few / (a) little: 带 a 表肯定,注意 quite a few, a good few, not a few 表示相当多 分清物主代词与人称代词; 反身代词是高考的一个要点, 注意与之有关的词组及搭配, dress, 如 seat, buy, find, enjoy, behave, stretch, express, help oneself 等;注意语篇中的人称一致问题 考前巩固 Complete the sentences by using a proper word from the list.
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3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

2 (A) all 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. any no nobody

(三)名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词

none

some

Wendy couldn‘t find _____ butter, but she had _____ margarine (人造奶油). – I found that even my teachers could not answer this question. – Of course _____ knows everything. _____ cigarette is completely harmless. Anna likes to keep everything to herself. She talks to _____ about her problems. _____ of the boys could forget what had happened last night. I don‘t do just _____ work: I choose jobs that interest me and that pay well. (B) other the other both neither either

7. 8. 9. 10.

Children sat at one end of the long table and their parents sat at _____. Huge crowds of people stood on _____ side of the river watching the boat race. When we visited the kindergarten, the kids were _____ singing or dancing or busy at _____ activity. Marie and Judy are _____ dedicated primary school teachers. _____ can ever be persuaded to leave the job.

II. Choose the best answer. 1. 2. Mary Ellen doesn‘t have _____ gas in her car. A. some B. no C. lots D. any _____ yet knows how long and how seriously the shakiness in the financial system will drag down the economy. A. Nobody B. Anybody C. Somebody D. Everybody Some fleas have one or two eyes, but others have _____. A. none B. no C. any D. no one He has learned English and Japanese. Now he is going to learn _____ language. A. others B. other C. some D. another Almost _____ fruits and vegetables contain riboflavin (维生素 B2); the richest sources are leafy green vegetables such as spinach, kale or turnip greens. A. every B. some C. all D. none _____ of the twins was arrested, because I saw both at a party last night. A. None B. Both C. Neither D. All Tom and Dick have arrived, but _____ students in the class aren‘t here yet. A. other B. the others C. others Ten years had elapsed, and I found she had _____. D. the other

3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9.

A. a little grey hair B. a few grey hair C. some grey hair D. a few grey hairs ―Do you want to see my ID card or my driver‘s license?‖ ―_____ will do.‖

A. Every B. Each C. Either D. Both 10. If a child needs more time in the kindergarten than some other children, he should be given _____. A. it B. / C. them D. him 11. – You‘re always working. Come on, let‘s go shopping. – _____ you ever want to do is going shopping. A. Anything B. Something C. All D. That 12. The Parkers bought a new house but _____ will need a lot of work before they can move in. A. they B. it C. one 13. Both teams were in hard training, _____ was willing to lose the game. A. either B. neither C. another
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D. which D. the other
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(三)名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词

A. what else B. who else C. which else‘s 15. Some of the wheat is from Canada. What about _____? A. another B. the other 16. – Why don‘t we take a little break?

D. who else‘s

C. others D. the rest – Didn‘t we just have _____? D. this

A. it B. that C. one 17. Few pleasures can equal ____ of a cool drink on a hot day.

A. some B. any C. that D. those 18. Dr. Black comes from either Oxford or Cambridge. I can‘t remember _____. A. where B. there C. which 19. I agree with most of what you said, but I don‘t agree with _____. A. everything B. anything C. something 20. I hope there are enough glasses for each guests to have _____. A. it B. those C. them 21. Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? A. They each have two tickets. B. They cost twenty yuan each. C. Each they have bought the same book. D. They were given two magazines each, 22. When one has good health, _____ should feel fortunate. A. you B. they C. he 23. Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT? D. we D. that D. nothing D. one

A. All his lectures are very interesting. B. Half their savings were gone. C. Many his friends came to the party. D. Both his sisters are nurses. 24. I know he failed his last test, but really he‘s _____ stupid. A. something but B. anything but C. nothing but 25. He is _____ as a leader but he hasn‘t _____ in teaching. D. not but

A. success…many experiences B. a success…much experience C. great success…an experience D. a great success…a lot of experiences 26. Don‘t leave matches on the table within _____ of little children. A. hand B. reach C. space 27. The teacher gave John one of the best _____ he had ever known. A. piece of advice B. pieces of advices 28. The book is given by _____. C. piece of advices D. distance D. pieces of advice

A. a friend of my sister B. a friend of my sister‘s C. my sister friend D. my sister friend‘s 29. _____ came that our football team beat the opponents. A. The word B. A word 30. It is not _____ to talk loudly in public places. A. a good manner B. good manner 31. I have been to _____ to have my hair cut. A. barber‘s B. the barber 32. Shanghai is larger than _____ city in Jiangsu. C. Words C. good manners C. barber D. Word D. the good manner D. the barber‘s D. one D. each D. little
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A. any B. any other C. other 33. If you want to change for a single room you‘ll have to pay _____ ? 15. A. another B. other C. more 34. Why is there _____ traffic on the streets in February than in May? A. less B. fewer C. few

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4 35. The model worker had _____ thought of his own interests. A. the last B. less 36. The additional work will take _____ weeks. A. the other B. another five 37. I saw _____ boys in the cinema. A. the both B. many a 38. Are you going to buy _____ rice? A. all these B. these all 39. _____ dictionary is enough for me. C. the least C. other five C. both the C. all this

(三)名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词

D. another D. the more D. the several D. both these D. One such a D. other these

A. Such one B. One such C. Such a one 40. They are not likely to agree to _____ propositions. A. other any B. other all C. all other

III. Correct errors, if any, in the following sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Mrs. Blake has had few opportunity to travel. Both sentences are not correct English. He has much more problems than he used to. There are warehouses on either side of the river. The librarian has catalogued each book in the fiction section. More corn is produced in the United States than in any country in the world. She has a great many of friends in New York. Some boy has broken a window. Presumably there are less diseases in the frigid (寒冷的) zones than there are in the torrid zones.

10. He came to see me once three months. 11. Linguistics is a scientific study of the language. 12. Would you like any more soup? 13. I had a little difficulty in solving the problem. 14. Anything on the table can be thrown away, can‘t they? 15. They caught his cheating on the exam. 16. The furniture is their‘s, but the house is our‘s. 17. I‘ve bought several paintings of him. (我从他那里买了几张画。 ) 18. If one doesn‘t want to get lost in the mountain, you must have a guide. 19. I went to the doctor for an advice about my health. 20. There were some looker-ons by the roadside. 21. It wasn‘t his car but someone elses‘. 22. The friend of my father‘s called last night. 23. Those new shoes of you look very smart. 24. Several hundred guests appear at the meeting. 25. They each had their problems. ? 1. 模拟演练 – Wow! You‘ve got so many clothes. – But ____ of them are in fashion now. (09 秋) A. another B. other C. more D. each It is said that two man-made structures are clearly visible from space. One is the Great Wall of China, and ____ is Japan‘s Kansai International Airport. (10 春) A. another B. other C. the other D. either
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2.

5 3. 4. 5. A. themselves B. them C. us

(三)名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词

If our parents do everything for us children, we won‘t learn to depend on ____. D. ourselves They produced two reports, ____ of which contained any useful suggestions.

(10 秋) (11 春)

6.

7. 8.

A. either B. all C. none D. neither She always buys a postcard of the place she visits, addresses ____ to herself and posts it at the nearby post office. (09 市调研) A. her B. it C. herself D. them Although house prices are unpredictable, most people believe that they will not rise by more than ____ five percent. (10 奉贤-1) A. any other B. the other C. another D. at Make sure you‘ve got the passports and tickets and ____ before you leave. (10 普陀-1) A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which ____ of the parents spoke the language. (10 普陀-1) A. none B. neither C. both D. each I didn‘t choose any of the three offerings, because I found _____ of them satisfactory. (10 闵行-1)

9.

A. neither B. either C. all D. none 10. In societies where social roles are determined, boys usually copy the behavior of their fathers, and girls ____ of their mothers. (10 嘉定-1 / 11 嘉定-1) A. that B. those C. one D. the ones 11. The boy‘s parents often quarrel about their son, and ____ of them is willing to give in. (10 卢湾-1) A. any B. others C. neither D. none 12. Talking with Barack Obama face to face at the Museum of Science and Technology in Shanghai was an unforgettable moment, ____ the students will always treasure. (10 虹口-1) A. one B. it C. that D. this 13. We had a party last month and it was a lot of fun, so let‘s have ____ one this month. (10 长宁-1) A. the other B. some C. another D. other 14. Learning that my mother was playing the word game against ____. I bought a computer for her to play against. (10 黄浦-1) A. her B. me C. itself D. herself 15. – Would you like steak or chicken? – ____. I‘m full now. (10 浦东-1) A. Both B. None C. Either D. Neither 16. The patient has tried quite a few kinds of medicine, but ____ had any effect on his disease. (10 徐汇-1) A. none B. nothing C. neither D. no one 17. No important progress was made in the U.N climate conference in Copenhagen as ____ of the rich countries agreed to offer large amounts of money to fight carbon crisis. (10 闸北-1) A. nothing B. none C. neither D. both 18. You can take ____ half of the turkey. They are of the same weight and price. (10 青浦-1) A. both B. either C. neither D. any 19. The auto-man checked the car engine thoroughly but could find ____ wrong with it. (10 静安-1)

A. none B. nothing C. no D. no one 20. – Was the exam you took last week easy? – ____ but easy but I did my best. (10 宝山-1) A. Something B. Everything C. Nothing D. Anything 21. It‘s wrong for ____ parent to tell kids to ignore what the other parent tells them to do. (10 长宁-2) A. each B. either 22. – Did you watch the football match last night? C. every D. both

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23.

24.

25.

26.

– Yes, that‘s a most close one, and eventually neither could defeat ____. (10 卢湾-2) A. both B. the other C. another D. each – Which of these electronic watches do you like? – ____ of them. They are expensive and of little use. (10 浦东-2) A. None B. All C. Both D. Either I bought three DVD copies of the film Avatar and now ____ is left. Somebody just borrows something and never returns. (10 闵行-2) A. none B. nothing C. either D. neither We are ensured that there are enough textbooks for each student to have ____ when the new semester comes. (10 四区-2) A. it B. those C. one D. them I made a call to all of my friends yesterday. To my disappointment, ____ of them answered it. (10 普陀-2) A. either B. neither C. none D. nobody (10 徐汇-2)

27. Take 5 percent of your paycheck to pay off debt and put ____ 5 percent into savings.

A. other B. more C. another D. the other 28. The woman managed to send her three children to universities but ____ came to see her when she was old and seriously ill. (10 虹口-2) A. none B. all C. neither D. both 29. We had a party last month and it was a lot of fun, so let‘s have ____ one this month. (10 松江-2) A. other B. more C. the other D. another 30. Now on hand are two tough tasks for the newly-elected Chile (智利) president: one to help the country to recover from the earthquake, and ____ to invite more foreign aid. (10 闸北-2) A. other B. the other C. another D. either 31. There is only one dress of this kind left here. I wonder if you still want to buy ____. 32. (10 黄浦-2) A. it B. one C. some D. any I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment, ____ of them answered it. (10 奉贤-2) A. either B. none C. neither D. nobody – Can you come on Monday or Tuesday? – I‘m afraid ____ day is possible. (09 八校) A. either B. neither C. some D. any As Hubble is above the Earth‘s atmosphere, which disturbs starlight, Hubble‘s images are much sharper than ____ of other Earth-based telescope. (10 七校) A. one B. ones C. that D. those Of the most popular campus singers in their school this year, ____ came from Senior 3. (10 六校-1)

33.

34.

35.

A. none B. no one C. nothing D. both 36. The friends tried to settle the quarrel between Mr. and Mrs. Smith without hurting the feelings of ____, but failed. (11 奉贤-1) A. none B. either C. all D. neither 37. ____ in the office had made a mistake, and the firm regretted causing the customer inconvenience. (11 普陀-1) A. Some B. Anyone C. One D. Someone 38. This mathematic problem is very difficult, but we have managed to work it out ____. (11 长宁-1) A. somewhere B. anywhere 39. – Which do you prefer, tea or coffee? – ____. I‘m not particular about drinks. A. Both B. None 40. – I have a sore throat today! C. somehow D. somewhat (11 闵行-1) C. Either D. Neither

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41.

42.

43.

44.

– You‘d better take advantage of the tea break to go to ____. (11 虹口-1) A. chemist‘s B. the chemist C. the chemist‘s D. the chemists‘ Boston, Paul and Ray were all superstars on fierce different teams. Yet, ____ of them had any title to show for that. (11 虹口-1) A. all B. none C. both D. neither Busy as he was with all the documents in the office from day to night in the big city crowded with people, he usually, looking out of the big window, felt ____ lonely. (11 卢湾-1) A. nothing but B. anything but C. all but D. everything but – Do you often talk with your friends on the telephone or mobile phone? – ____. I like using QQ. (11 徐汇-1 / 11 金山-1) A. None B. Either C. Any D. Neither The films that create a high box office are not necessarily ____ with high investment. (11 杨浦-1) A. these B. the ones C. that D. one (11 黄浦-1)

45. Tommy and his younger sister play together, but their brother likes being by ____. 46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

51.

52.

53.

54.

A. oneself B. herself C. themselves D. himself As the world changes faster than ever, our greatest concern is making sure that ____ of these changes do us harm. (11 宝山-1) A. any B. some C. neither D. none Books cannot change the world, but people change the world by changing ____ through reading. (11 浦东-1) A. themselves B. them C. ourselves D. us Given the huge price increase in the food market, ____ is expecting the government to take action. (11 闸北-1) A. nobody B. everybody C. either D. none If more readers become comfortable with reading digitally, ____ but the book-collectors will want to buy paper books. (11 青浦-1) A. anyone B. someone C. everyone D. none Michael Jackson gained popularity at a time when MTV was establishing ____ as a creative force. (11 崇明-1) A. it B. him C. itself D. himself Knowing the meaning of a word is one thing; yet using it both grammatically and communicatively properly is quite _____. (10 十一校) A. much B. many C. little D. another The range discount cars issued by Golf Corps are still being honored, but _____ are being sold. (11 八校) A. none B. nothing C. neither D. no The previous lecture focused on the reading problems in new words, while this lecture will turn to _____ in complex sentence structures. (11 八校) A. that B. one C. those D. ones The little boy, who can play the piano perfectly, is thought to be _____ of a pianist. (11 八校) (11 六校)

A. somebody B. someone C. something D. some one 55. After John had been in captivity for three years, he and his wife had a lot to tell _____.

A. themselves B. each other C. himself D. herself 56. Many people complained about the stones scattering on a roadway, but _____ did anything about getting the stone out of the way. (11 十校) A. neither B. both C. none D. all 57. The information he gave us was quite different from _____ we got ourselves. (11 四区-2) A. one B. those C. that D. it 58. Please put these laptops on the shelf by _____. Don‘t mix them with others.
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(11 卢湾-2)

8 59.

(三)名词(属格)、代词与某些限定词

60.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

A. ourselves B. themselves C. itself D. oneself _____ of these three buses will go to Century Park, but you can walk a little bit ahead to take Metro Line 2. It will take you right there. (11 长宁-2) A. Neither B. All C. None D. Each – Which do you prefer for dinner tonight, beef or steak? – _____, I‘m on a diet and I‘d like to have some salad if there‘s any. (11 闵行-2) A. Either B. Both C. Neither D. None To know more about the British Museum, one can use the Internet or go to the library, or _____. (11 浦东-2) A. neither B. some C. all D. both The two stories share too much in common. There is no doubt one is copied from _____. (11 黄浦-2) A. each other B. other C. another D. the other The agreement was made quickly as both sides were satisfied with the conditions of _____. (11 虹口-2) A. another B. others C. the other D. either With the rapid increase of crimes concerning credit card, people have begun to look at the use of credit card _____. (11 闸北-2) A. the other way B. another way C. by the other way D. by another way The parents of the bride and groom arranged the marriage in order to end a fight between the two families without _____ family having to lose face in the end. (11 松江-2) A. any B. neither C. every D. either John is one of these men who I am sure always do _____ best even under the most difficult conditions. (11 奉贤-2) A. his B. their C. your D. one‘s (11 秋) D. another A. the other B. other C. the others

67. To stay awake, he finished a cup of coffee and ordered _____. ? 1. 2. 各地高考链接 I‘ll spend half of my holiday practising English and _____ half learning drawing.

(10 全国 I)

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

A. another B. the other C. other‘s D. other Neither side is prepared to talk to _____ unless we can smooth things over between them. (10 全国 II) A. others B. the other C. another D. one other The doctor thought _____ would be good for you to have a holiday. (10 全国 II) A. this B. that C. one You are a team star! Working with _____ is really your cup of tea. D. it (10 安徽) (10 重庆) (10 福建)

A. both B. either C. others D. the other He had lost his temper and his health in the war and never found _____ of them again. A. neither B. either C. each D. all When you introduce me to Mr. Johnson, could you please say _____ for me?

A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing Swimming is my favorite sport. There is _____ like swimming as a means of keeping fit. (10 江西) A. something B. anything C. nothing On my desk is a photo that my father took of _____ when I was a baby. D. everything (10 四川) (10 天津)

A. him B. his C. me D. mine _____ in my life impressed me so deeply as my first visit to the Palace Museum.

A. Anything B. Nothing C. Everything D. Something 10. _____ that‘s important is that you are doing your best and moving in the right direction. (10 浙江)
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A. One B. All C. Everything D. Anything 11. I got this bicycle for _____: My friend gave it to me when she bought a new one. (11 全国 II) 12. A. everything B. something C. anything D. nothing Surprisingly, Susan‘s beautiful hair reached below her knees and made _____ almost an overcoat for her. (11 安徽) A. them B. her C. itself D. herself The employment rate has continued to rise in big cities thanks to the efforts of the local governments to increase _____. (11 北京) A. them B. those C. it D. that I knew that _____ would ever discourage him; he would never give up wanting to be a director. (11 湖南) A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing – Would you get me a bar of chocolate from the kitchen, dear? – _____ one? (11 陕西) A. Other B. Every C. Another D. More There is _____ in his words. We should have a try. (11 四川)

13.

14.

15.

16.

A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything 17. Since people are fond of humor, it is as welcome in conversation as _____ else. (11 浙江) A. anything B. something 18. – Would you like tea or coffee? – _____, thank you. I‘ve just had some water. A. Either B. Both C. anywhere D. somewhere (11 辽宁) C. Any D. Neither

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(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

(四) 冠词与数词 主谓一致
? 1. 考点归纳 定冠词 the: ? 用于前面已说过的人或事,也可用于说话方、听话方都知道的共同指代事物前 ? 序数词、最高级、江河、山脉、群岛、特指事物(如定语从句)、独一无二的事物、报刊、 乐器、某些专有名词前;用于某些名词前表抽象意义,如 be pleased to the eye ? 特指一家人、一类人: the Greens (此时将其视作复数对待), the poor, the disabled ? 某些固定搭配,如 the more…the more, pat sb. on the shoulder, etc. 2. 零冠词: ? go to school 与 go to the school / in class 与 in the class / at table 与 at the table / in front of 与 in the front of / take place 与 take the place of / the three of us 与 three of us 等 ? 表示玩球时,球类名词前为零冠词;季节、月份、节假日、日期、星期、称呼、三餐等名 词前为零冠词(注: 球类名词前可加 the,如 the ball over there) ? 用于复数可数名词前表不定指;某些表示时间的词前为零冠词,如 next week, at night ? 普通职称、头衔前一般零冠词,如 President Kennedy 3. 不定冠词 a 与 an: ? 用于名字前,表示不确定的某人 ? 第一次提到某事物或表示一类事物前; 用于某些单位前(ten miles an hour / pay by the hour) ? 特殊结构,如 many a / an;某些不可数名词具体化时,多需加 a / an,如 knowledge 4. 5. 6. 注意某些情况下有无冠词的区别,如 the doctor and the lawyer ? the doctor and lawyer 时间、数字、分数等的正确表达以及 a hundred 与 hundreds of / unit six 与 the sixth unit 注意特殊的数词表达方式: ? two dozen (num.) eggs ? dozens (n.) of eggs (将 dozen 等词视作 hundred 解题) ? 几十年代 in the + 数词复数,如 in the 1990s (in the 1990‘s / in the nineteen nineties) 在某人的几十岁时 in one‘s + 数词复数(整十数) 二、主谓一致 7. 一些名词: (斜杠分隔不同种类的名词,每一类名词仅举数例) a. police, people, youth, cattle, poultry + v. (plural) b. furniture, knowledge, clothing, luggage, baggage, vegetation, machinery + v. (single) c. clothes, trousers / glasses / belongings, savings, surroundings, sufferings, understandings / arms, goods, manners, suburbs, wages / the Olympic Games + v. (plural) d. politics, physics, mathematics, economics, electronics, the United States + v. (single) e. time / distance / weight / money + v. (usually single) e.g. $5 is enough. Ten years have passed since he returned. f. sheep, fish, deer, Chinese, Japanese, means, species, series, works + v. (single or plural) e.g. The Chinese speak Chinese. g. family, group, class, team, crew, staff, population, audience, committee, club, crowd, public, party, government + v. (single or plural) h. potatoes, tomatoes, heroes, Negroes, mosquitoes + v. (plural) 8. 一些结构: a. not only … but (also) / neither … nor … / either … or … / not … but … / whether … or … / there be (stand, lie, live, etc.) 就近原则 正确理解“就近原 b. each, every + n. / neither, either + v. (single) 则” ,如题 52 c. both … and … / … and …常用复数 d. Tom, as well as his friends, is going to the bar. (but, except for, besides, along with, together with, in addition to, etc.) 可视作插入语
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一、冠词与数词

2 9. 比较: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l.

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

The worker and novelist is going to leave. ? The worker and the novelist are going to leave. More than one student likes bungee jump. ? Many a student likes it. ? Few like the film. 30% of the apple is bad. ? 30% of the apples are bad. The rest of the water isn’t fit to drink. ? The rest of the books are fit to read. Tom is one of the students who have been given the prizes. ? Tom is the (only, very) one of the students who has been given the prizes. The rich / poor are singing. ? The dying boy is waiting. ? The good / evil is there. A pair of glasses is not expensive. ? His glasses are broken. What he wants are more books. ? What he wants is more money. A number of books are interesting. ? The number of the books is interesting. The remaining of the people are helping us. ? None of the books is / are interesting. All is silent. (物)万籁俱寂。(environment, sth.) ? All are silent. (人)鸦雀无声。(people, sb.) This kind of books sells well. ? Books of this kind sell well.

10. 某些数词: a. a lot of / plenty of + n. ([C] or [U])+ v. (single or plural) b. some, any, every, no + -body, -one, -thing + v. (single) / all, some, any + n. (plural) + v. (plural) 11. 注意: a. b. c. d. e. f. It is I that am right on the matter. That he bought some books yesterday is surprising. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Doing a lot of exercises benefits us students. It was Tom & Jerry who I wanted to meet. of 问题: This pair of shoes is great. / Most of the students are here. 对应平衡结构: The audience have seats. ―s‖提示此处 audience 不指一个整体,故用 have g. what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most 等的谓语单复数由指代词决定 h. 带 all, most, half, part, rest, per cent, one-third 等词的名词词组由中心词决定谓语动词 i. 当并列主语指的是同一人、物或概念时,或 and 连接两个含有 every, each, no 的名词短语 时,谓语动词用单数 ? I. 1. 考前巩固 Put in the, a, an or “/ (which means no article is needed)”.

Sam had worked thirty years for _____ same company and now he had to retire. As _____ sign of gratitude, _____ company held _____ dinner in his honor. ―Sam,‖ announced _____ boss, ―it is my great honor to present _____ gift to you on behalf of _____ company.‖ Sam walked down to _____ front of the table and accepted _____ gift with _____ pride. It was _____ gold watch and on it was written ―To faithful Sam for thirty years of service‖ Sam wept. ―I am at _____ loss for words.‖ At home, Sam‘s wife looked at _____ gold watch critically. ―For this you worked thirty years? _____ cheap gold-plated watch?‖ ―It‘s _____ thought, dear,‖ answered Sam, ―_____ important thing is that I am not working anymore.‖ His wife held _____ gold watch to her ear and said, ―Neither is your watch.‖ 2. Benita enjoys wearing _____ jewelry. 3. They told me that they had _____ respect for their employer. 4. This is _____ first time that the child has seen _____ elephant. 5. For many people, _____ childhood was a happy time. 6. It takes _____ courage to begin a new life in _____ strange country. 7. She is wearing _____ beautiful dress her mother bought her. 8. I had _____ trouble with _____ car this morning. 9. At home, Miles Davis will play _____ piano every night. 10. _____ Olympic Games for 2008 were held in China. 11. Children should be taught to behave themselves at _____ table.
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3 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

If you‘re in a hurry, take _____ taxi. He was sent to _____ prison for stealing. My watch gains twelve seconds _____ day. (我的手表每天快 12 秒。 ) The Ching Dynasty in China (清王朝) was overthrown in _____ autumn of 1911. _____ sick have been cured, _____ lost have been found, and _____ dead have been revived. What on _____ earth are you doing? He kicked me in _____ belly (肚子).

II. Complete the following sentences, writing all the figures in words. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Could you send me ____________ (1, 830 本) copies of Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (1995)? Alice counted the trees as she walked, and she stopped at ____________ (第 100 棵那里). In that city, ___________ (七分之一的在职妇女) have received higher education and it‘ll take them ___________ (一刻钟时间) to have each class. Could you give me ____________ (三打鸡蛋) and ___________ (两公斤面粉). It is said that ____________ (一条八英寸的鱼) was caught in the lake. ____________ (20 世纪 60 年代), most Chinese, regardless of sex, wore dark jackets and trousers. She looks ____________ (50 刚出头); but in fact she‘s already ___________ (61 岁了). ____________ (一千多本的小册子) have been given out. ____________ (在过去的几年里), ____________ (成百上千的) new businesses have sprung up.

III. Choose an acceptable verb form (a or b) from the two given in brackets. a b 1. Their earnings (comes, come) to 500 dollars a week. 2. The New York Times (is, are) published daily. 3. The United Nations (was, were) formed in San Francisco in 1945. 4. The government (is, are) doing its best to boost production. 5. The football team (is, are) having baths and (is, are) then coming back here for tea. 6. The poultry (is, are) kept in the backyard. 7. Pancake and syrup (is, are) a tasty breakfast. 8. Milking the cows, in addition to several other chores, (was, were) his responsibility. 9. Each men and each women there (is, are) asked to help. 10. The tenth and the last chapter (was, were) translated by Bob. 11. The number and diversity of British newspaper (is, are) considerate. 12. An older man or a mature woman (is, are) needed for this job. 13. The Stars and Stripes (is, are) their national emblem. 14. Either Trina or Maria (is, are) sure to know the answer. 15. Every change of season, every change of weather, indeed, every hour of the day, (produces, produce) some change in the magical hues and shapes of these mountains. 16. Many a boy (was, were) disappointed after seeing the film. 17. Two more dollars (is, are) missing from the till (收银机抽屉) this morning. 18. A number of pages (is, are) highly priced. 19. The number of pages assigned for daily reading (was, were) gradually increased to twelve. 20. A total of 50, 000 new bicycles (was, were) registered in the year. 21. The actual total of the unemployed (is, are) believed to exceed 10, 000. 22. Two-thirds of the people present (is, are) against the plan. 23. Three-fourths of the surface of the earth (is, are) sea. 24. These last three years (has, have) been full of surprise. 25. The majority of the damage (is, are) easy to repair. 26. The majority of criminals (is, are) young men.
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4 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37.

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

All of the fruit (looks, look) ripe. All (is, are) eager to leave now. Few of my family (understands, understand) me. These type of cars (is, are) inexpensive. The young (is, are) not always romantic. The beautiful (is, are) not always the same as the good. Why he entered the house and how he managed to get out of it without being noticed by people (remains, remain) a mystery to us all. Watering the flowers and looking after the children (is, are) all I have to do every day. She‘s the only one of these women who (plays, play) bridge well. It‘s I who (am, is) to leave at once. It‘s me who (am, is) responsible for the organization.

IV. Choose the best answer. 1. Tim failed to remember the exact date of the storm, but he knew it was _____ Sunday because everybody was at _____ church. A. /…the B. a…/ C. /…a D. the…/ The idea of traveling through _____ space to other planets interests many people today. A. a B. the C. / Alexander Graham Bell invented _____ telephone in 1876. A. / B. a C. one _____ called just now, but he didn‘t mention his full name. A. Mr. Green B. The Mr. Green I spent my last weekend with _____. C. A Mr. Green D. one D. the D. That Mr. Green

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

8. 9.

A. Palmer‘s B. the Palmers‘ C. the Palmers D. the Palmer‘s One way to understand thousands of new words is to gain _____ good knowledge of basic word formation. A. / B. the C. a D. one The cakes are delicious. He‘d like to have _____ third one because _____ second one is rather too small. A. a…a B. the…the C. a…the D. the…a A bullet hit the soldier and he was wounded in _____ leg. A. a B. one C. the D. his His daughter is always shy in _____ and she never dares to make a speech to _____.

A. the public…the public B. public…the public C. the public…public D. public…public 10. Paper money was in _____ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in _____ 13th century. A. the…/ B. the…the C. /…the 11. _____ policeman as he is, he has no right to do such things. D. /…/

A. / B. The C. A D. One 12. I know you don‘t like _____ music very much. But what do you think of _____ music in this film? A. /…/ B. the…the 13. The train is running 50 miles _____. A. an hour B. one hour 14. What on _____ earth are you talking about? C. the…/ C. the hour D. /…the D. a hour D. a D. of question
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A. an B. the C. / 15. Their victory is _____, for they‘ve lost too many men. A. out of question B. out of the question C. out question
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(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

16. Most animals have little connection with _____ animals of _____ different kind unless they kill them for food. A. the…a B. /…a C. the…the D. /…the 17. As a rule, they are paid _____. A. by an hour B. by the hour C. by hour D. by hours 18. We went right round to the west coast by _____ sea instead of driving across _____ continent. (10 普陀-1 / 10 八校) A. the…the B. /…the C. the…/ D. /…/ 19. They received _____ of letters about their magazine. A. dozen B. dozen and dozen 20. _____ of the buildings were ruined. A. Three fourth B. Three-forth 21. The Olympic Games _____ held _____. C. score C. Three-fourths D. dozens D. Three-forths D. are…every four years D. dozens of D. need D. the Part Three D. the first

A. is…each four years B. are…each four year C. is…every four year 22. Mother asked me to buy several _____ eggs for breakfast. A. dozen B. dozens 23. Large quantities of water _____ for irrigation. A. is needed B. has needed 24. The book is wonderful, especially _____. A. a Third Part B. Part Third 25. Russia is _____ in size. A. second to none B. first 26. He will be back in _____. A. three and a half a month C. three and a half months 27. It‘s about _____ ride by car. C. dozen of C. are needed C. Part Three C. second to no

B. three months and half D. three and half a month

A. a eighteen hour‘s B. a eighteen-hour C. an eighteen-hour D. an eighteen-hours‘ 28. When I look back on my past few years, I found quite _____ of mistakes. A. number B. the number C. a number D. numbers 29. Personally, I think it is the sales manager, rather than the sales girls, ____ to blame. (11 普陀-1) A. is B. that is C. are D. who are 30. How close parents are to their children ____ a strong influence on the character of the children. (11 卢湾-1) A. have B. has C. having D. to have 31. The sign on the door reads: ―In case of _____ fire, break the glass and push _____ red button.‖ (11 八校) A. /…a B. /…the C. the…the D. a…a 32. There is _____ ―i‖ (I) in ―happiness‖, but no ―y‖ (why) in it. A. a B. / C. an D. the

专题训练 1
1. 2.

主 谓 一 致 训 练0 0 1 题
由某名校老师撰稿

English, as well as Chinese, _____ not easy to master. A. is B. are C. being His family _____ rather big, with twelve people in all. A. is B. are C. being D. both are D. was
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6 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

Either you or the headmaster _____ the prizes to these gifted students at the meeting. A. is handing out B. is to hand out C. are handing out D. are to hand out E-mail, as well as telephones, _____ an important part in daily communication. A. is playing B. have played Books of this kind _____ well. C. are playing D. play

A. sell B. sells C. are sold D. is sold Not only I but also Jane and Mary _____ tired of having one examination after another. A. is B. are C. am A library with five thousand books _____ to the nation as a gift. D. be

A. is offered B. has offered C. are offered D. have offered The number of people invited _____ fifty, but a number of them _____ absent for different reasons. A. were…was B. was…was C. was…were D. were…were The audience _____ so large that no seat was left occupied in the great hall. C. was C. are equal to C. have been D. has D. equal to D. had been D. were

A. is B. are 10. Five multiplied by two _____ ten. A. is equal B. equals 11. The pair of shoes _____ worn out. A. was B. were 12. All but one _____ here just now.

A. is B. was C. are 13. No one except Jack and Tom _____ the answer.

A. know B. knows C. is knowing D. are knowing 14. Each of the students, working hard in his or her lessons, _____ to go to university. A. hope B. hopes C. hoping 15. My father, together with some of his old friends, _____ there already. A. will be B. had been C. has been 16. Peter, perhaps John, _____ playing with the little dog. A. seems B. were C. are 17. Everyone, men and women, old and young, _____ sports and games. A. are enjoying B. were enjoying C. enjoys 18. Both rice and wheat _____ grown in that country. A. is B. are 19. From the valley _____ a frightening sound. C. was D. are hoping D. have been D. is D. enjoy D. has D. have come D. was D. to be D. are gone D. have been D. are D. was making
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A. comes B. come C. are coming 20. Next to it _____ many restaurants where we can have dinner. A. is B. are 21. I don‘t think three days _____ to the cinema. A. is B. are 22. All but him and me _____ to the cinema. A. are going B. is going 23. The rest of the novel _____ very interesting. A. were B. are 24. Some person _____ calling for you at the gate. C. has C. being C. was going C. is

A. will be B. is being C. is 25. Most of the mistakes _____ because of carelessness. A. were making B. has been made C. are made
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7 A. doesn‘t change B. don‘t change C. change 27. Plenty of sugar _____ already _____ to the overseas market since 1987. A. have…shipped B. have…been shipped C. has…been shipped 28. Deer _____ faster than dogs. A. will run B. are running 29. There _____ in his sitting room. C. runs

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

26. The number of fox, mountain lions and wild roses _____ much if people leave things as they are. D. changed D. has…shipped D. run

A. are too many furnitures B. are too much furnitures C. are too much furniture D. is too much furniture 30. The office staff _____ gathered to hear the president speak. A. is B. be 31. _____ are a hard-working race. A. A Chinese B. Chinese 32. The police _____ a prisoner. C. are C. The Chineses D. will D. The Chinese D. was searching D. is living D. would be D. is D. beats D. are D. were D. sees D. were D. is being taken D. have D. was D. are being D. are to be found D. are being D. has seemed
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A. is searching for B. are searching for C. is searching 33. About 30% of the population of the country _____ on farms. A. live B. stays C. lives 34. I think 100 dollars _____ enough for the coming rally. A. will have B. is C. are 35. The Arabian Nights _____ well known to English lovers. A. is being B. are 36. Slow and steady _____ the race. A. win B. wins 37. Tom‘s teacher and friend _____ Mr. Smith. A. has B. are being 38. The following _____ some other examples. A. are B. is 39. A car and horse _____ in the distance. A. was seen B. were seen 40. The new _____ sure to replace the old. A. is B. will 41. The wounded _____ good care of here now. A. is taken B. are being taken 42. Two gallons of gas _____ all I can afford. C. were C. beat C. is C. was C. see C. are C. are taking

A. is B. are C. has 43. The factory, including its equipment, _____ burnt last night. A. is B. are 44. His family _____ music lovers. A. all are B. are all 45. No man and no animal _____ in that island. C. were C. is

A. is to be found B. are to find C. is to find 46. No teacher and no student _____ admitted into this building. A. are B. were C. is 47. Ten minutes _____ an hour when one is waiting for a phone call. A. seems B. seem 48. Neither he nor I _____ for the plan. C. seemed

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8 A. were B. is 49. Between two buildings _____ a monument. C. are

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

D. am D. stand D. have

A. standing B. are standing C. stands 50. The students in our school each _____ an English dictionary. A. are having B. has had 51. Many a student _____ that mistake before. A. has made B. has been made 52. – _____ either he or I fit for the job? C. has

C. have made D. had made – Neither he nor you _____. D. Is…is D. am

A. Am…are B. Is…are C. Are…are 53. I, who _____ your good friend, will share your joys and sorrows. A. was B. are C. is 54. Tom is one of the students who _____ late this morning.

A. are B. is C. was D. were 55. The boy sitting by the window is the only one of the students who _____ from the countryside in our school. A. was B. were C. is D. are 56. I know that all _____ getting on well with her. A. was B. is C. are D. were 57. It _____ Mr. Smith and Mr. Brown that helped the old woman the other day. A. has been B. are C. was 58. Reading books every day _____ a good habit in learning a language. D. were

A. have B. are C. is D. has 59. To play basketball and to go swimming _____ useful for character-training. A. was B. is 60. What you said ____ quite to the point. C. are D. were D. were D. has been D. have D. hasn‘t been D. is D. have D. is D. has D. is plenty of room D. has D. has been
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A. am B. is C. are 61. When he was born and where he grew up _____ still unknown. A. is B. are 62. This pair of trousers _____ too long for him. C. was

A. is B. are C. has 63. Where and how to get the materials _____ discussed at the meeting. A. haven‘t B. haven‘t been C. hasn‘t 64. It _____ not good manners to talk to your father this way. A. has B. have 65. Half of the food _____ unfit to eat. A. are B. is 66. Every means _____ been tried since then. C. are C. has

A. has B. have C. are 67. A large number of cars _____ parked in front of my house. A. is B. are 68. There _____ in this town. C. was

A. are too many rooms B. are too much room C. are plenty of room 69. The total number of articles published on cancer _____ amazing. A. are B. is 70. Truth and honesty _____ always best policy. A. are B. is C. was C. have been

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9 71. Every hour and every minute _____ important. A. are B. were C. is 72. The population of the earth _____ increasing very fast. A. are B. is C. was 73. One third of the population here _____ workers. A. is B. are 74. The public now _____ the whole story. A. knows B. know 75. The whole village _____ out greeting him. C. have been C. is knowing

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

D. was D. were D. has been D. are known

A. is B. is being C. was D. are 76. When to get the materials and how to get them _____ discussed at the meeting. A. haven‘t B. haven‘t been 77. Early to bed and early to rise _____ healthful. C. hasn‘t D. hasn‘t been

A. is B. are C. was D. were 78. Reading three classical novels and making some investigation _____ assignments for students during the holiday. A. is B. are C. has been D. have been 79. _____ taken to preserve the secret. A. Many pains have been B. Much pains have been C. Much pains has been D. Many pains has been 80. Economics _____ a study of production and consumption. A. is B. are C. was 81. A year and a half _____ passed since we last met. A. has B. have C. is 82. A series of lectures on psychology _____ said to be given by Mr. Smith. D. were D. are

A. are B. is C. have D. has 83. The situation before the war and the situation after the war _____ the same. A. is B. are C. has been D. have been 84. Much mud and sand _____ to block the river, down where water and oil _____ flowing. A. gather…is B. gathers…are C. gathers…is 85. Many a boy and many a girl _____ seen this painting. A. is B. are 86. Many _____ the man he has helped. C. has D. gather…are D. have

A. are B. has been C. is D. have been 87. The father, rather than the brothers, _____ responsible for this terrible accident. A. is B. are C. have 88. A part of the fields _____ flooded two days ago. A. is B. are C. was 89. It is reported that more persons than one _____ arrested. A. have been B. has been 90. The red and the white rose _____ watering. A. needs B. need 91. What we need _____ qualified teachers. C. have C. is needed D. has D. were D. has D. are needed

A. is B. are C. have D. has 92. One or two soldiers _____ to be sent to the front to collect some information. A. has B. have C. is having D. are having
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10 A. is tiring B. are tiring 94. A chemical works _____ built here. C. was tired

(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

93. People all over the world _____ not just of World War II, but of war itself. D. were tired D. has been D. these

A. is to being B. have been C. were to 95. She ate bread and butter for breakfast, and _____ is her favorite food. A. this B. that C. it 96. There _____ a ruler, two pens and three books on the desk.

A. are B. is C. has D. have 97. Statistics _____ his most difficult subject and they are worried about the test. . A. is B. are C. was D. were 98. Statistics _____ that most of the published scientific articles are related to medical science. A. has shown B. is shown 99. After the exam _____ the time for rest. C. show D. shows D. have D. was

A. are B. is C. has 100. Large amounts of money _____ spent on the Hope Project. A. have ? 1. 各地高考链接 B. were C. has

2.

3.

First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get _____ second chance to make _____ first impression. (10 北京) A. a…the B. the…the C. a…a D. the…a Everything comes with _____ price; there is no such _____ thing as a free lunch in the world. (10 重庆) A. a…a B. the…/ C. the…a D. a…/ It‘s _____ good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them _____ pleasure. (10 福建) A. /…a B. a…/ C. the…a D. a…the Listening to loud music at rock concerts _____ caused hearing loss in some teenagers. (10 湖南) A. is B. are C. has D. have The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that _____ people from all walks of life are working hard for _____ new Jiangsu. (10 江苏) A. /…a B. /…the C. the…a D. the…the – Is everyone here? – Not yet… Look, there _____ the rest of our guests! (10 江苏) A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming There are over 58, 000 rocky objects in _____ space, about 900 of which could fall down onto _____ earth. (10 辽宁) A. the…the B. /…the C. the…/ D. a…the If we sit near _____ front of the bus, we‘ll have _____ better view. (10 山东) A. /…the B. /…a C. the…a D. the…the It is reported that many a new house _____ at present in the disaster area. (10 陕西)

4. 5.

6.

7.

8. 9.

A. are being built B. were being built C. was being built D. is being built 10. In _____ most countries, a university degree can give you _____ flying start in life. (10 四川) A. the…a B. the…/ C. /…/ D. /…a 11. Such poets as Shakespeare _____ widely read, of whose works, however, some _____ difficult to understand. (10 四川) A. are…are B. is…is C. are…is D. is…are 12. Many lifestyle patterns do such _____ great harm to health that they actually speed up _____
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(四)冠词与数词 主谓一致

weakening of the human body. (10 浙江) A. a…/ B. /…the C. a…the D. /…/ 13. It is generally accepted that _____ boy must learn to stand up and fight like _____ man. (11 全国 I) A. a…a B. a…the C. the…the D. a…/ (11 全国 II) 14. As he reached _____ front door, Jack saw _____ strange sight. 15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

A. the…/ B. a…the C. /…a D. the…a The factory used 65 percent of the raw materials, the rest of which _____ saved for other purposes. (11 安徽) A. is B. are C. was D. were In communication, a smile is usually _____ strong sign of a friendly and _____ open attitude. (11 重庆) A. the…/ B. a…an C. a…/ D. the…an One-third of the country _____ covered with trees and the majority of the citizens _____ black people. (11 湖南) A. is…are B. is…is C. are…are D. are…is – It‘s said John will be in a job paying over $60, 000 _____ year. – Right, he will also get paid by _____ week. (11 江西) A. the…the B. a…the C. the…a D. a…a Take your time — it‘s just _____ short distance from here to _____ restaurant. (11 山东)

A. /…the B. a…the C. the…a D. /…a 20. As is known to all, _____ People‘s Republic of China is _____ biggest developing country in the world. (11 陕西) A. the…/ B. /…the C. the…the D. /…/ 21. Dr. Peter Spence, _____ headmaster of the school, told us, ―_____ fifth of pupils here go on to study at Oxford and Cambridge.‖ (11 四川) A. /…A B. /…The C. the…The D. a…A 22. Experts think that _____ recently discovered painting may be _____ Picasso. A. the…/ B. a…the C. a…/ D. the…a (11 浙江)

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(五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关

(五) 反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关
? 1. 考点归纳 陈述句: ?肯定: I do hope that you will give up smoking. 强调结构 ?否定: 否定词 not, never, hardly, scarcely, seldom, rarely, barely, etc. (? cf. unfair, impolite 等) 当 not 用来否定句中的非谓语动词成分,此时仅为局部否定,不构成否定句,仍为肯定句, 如 I should have presented her not a gold ring but something else. 否定转移: (一般仅出现在主语为第一人称时) 如 think, believe, suppose, expect, imagine 等表示看法,或 seem 等表示感觉的动词后接宾 语从句时,需将表示否定意义的否定词 not 转移到主句中;若主句含情态动词,则不转移 ?双重否定: Man can’t live without air. / I was not a little worried. = I was very much worried. 2. 3. 4. 5. 祈使句: 肯定与否定 Hurry up. / Do it again, or you will regret. / Never do it again. 疑问句: 一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句 反意疑问句(附加疑问句)基本规律:“前肯后否,前否后肯” ;不管陈述句的主语是哪种词类, 在反意疑问句中一律用代词;当为否定形式时,not 必须与前面的助动词用缩略形式 反意疑问句中的代词使用原则: 反意疑问句中的代词 it it he they (口语) / he (正式语体) 由其代表的数决定,单数用 he (人)或 it (物),复数用 they 第一人称 we/第二人称 you/第三人称 they 相应 it / they there one / you (非正式)

陈述句中的主语 something, anything, everything, nothing to do sth., doing sth., 主语从句 someone, somebody anyone, anybody, no one, nobody, everyone, everybody the rest, the following, large quantities of, one third of, 30% of 等 由 and 连接的两个或以上的名词或代词 this, that, these, those there be 句型 one 6.

一般情况下反意疑问句的代词一般遵照的是主句中的主语“看主不看从”,但当反意疑问句 的主句中含 think, suppose, expect, believe, imagine 等词时,反意疑问句的代词可有多种情况: 当主句人称为第一人称时,代词遵照从句而定;当主句人称为二、三人称时,代词遵照主句 而定,即“第一人称看从句,二三人称看主句” ;并列句则遵照就近原则

7.

否定前移的特殊情况: 否定前移一般主语为第一人称 当主句人称为第一人称时,此时代词遵照从句而定,且此时应将从句视为否定句;当主句人 称为二、三人称时,此时代词遵照主句而定,此时主句依旧为否定句(非否定前移),如 I don‘t suppose that he‘s curious, is he? He doesn‘t think I am right, does he?

8.

存在 hardly, scarcely, seldom, rarely, little, few 等半否定副词的句子也被视为否定句, 但含有依 据构词法通过添加前缀(常见的有 un-, im-, ir-, dis-)转换而来的词(如 impossible, unfair)或含有 某些表示拒绝含义的动词(如 refuse)的句子虽具有一定否定含义,但该句不为否定句,如 He seldom knew a word, did he? That is impossible, isn’t it? 当主句中含有 let‘s 或 let us,其对应的反意疑问句是不同的,如 Let‘s go for a walk, shall we? Let us go home, will you?

9.

10. 祈使句后可接 will you? / won‘t you? / could you? / can you? 等,这些句子仅表示客气语气,某 种程度上不属于真正的反意疑问句,故某些用法与常规反意疑问句有些不同;肯定祈使句后 可使用 will you? 或 won‘t you? (后者更为客气),否定祈使句可用 will you? / can you? Send me another copy, will you? = Will you send me another copy? Don‘t make noises, can you?
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2 11. 特殊情况: ? ? ? ? ?

(五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关

? ? ?

陈述句中含 used to,反意疑问句可用 did 或 use(d)n‘t 陈述句中含 I am,反意疑问句不为 am not,而可用 aren‘t (BrE) 陈述句中含 ought to,反意疑问句可用 oughtn‘t (BrE) 或 shouldn‘t (AmE) 主句中含 must not 表“禁止” ,反意疑问句用 may;若 must 表“必须” ,反意疑问句可用 must 或改用 need;must 表“义务” ,或表“想必”“一定”等推测性意义时,通常也 must 、 主句中含 must have done 等 a. 同时句中出现过去时间状语,疑问部分用 did b. 同时不含有具体时间,反意疑问句用完成时 陈述句中含 have,作“有”解时,反意疑问句可用 have 及其变形或 do 及其变形;其他 含义时只能用 do 及其变形 注意反意疑问句的回答,事实肯定用 Yes, …反之亦然;注意回答的前后一致 注意某些如‘s / ‘d 的缩略形式的完整形式;注意 need / dare 是否为情态动词

12. 感叹句 ? 基本结构: What + (a / an) + a. + n. + 次序不变的其他成分 How + (a. / adv.) + 次序不变的其他成分 ? What a good man he is! e.g. He is a good man. ? ?How good the man is!
?What foolish mistakes you have made! The mistakes you have made are foolish. ? ?How foolish the mistakes you have made are!

? 特殊情况下,what 后可直接加名词,how 后可直接加句子 e.g. What fun it is to ride in a one-horse open sledge! ? 寻寻觅觅,我们发现,感叹句 what / how 的结构与 such / so 句型竟有着惊人的相似之处 What a nice place China is! ? China is such a nice place! How nice China is! ? China is so nice! * ? 感叹句的反意疑问句: 一律用否定式 13. 并列连词(coordinating conjunctions)指用来连接彼此是并列关系的词、 短语、 从句或句子的词; 被连接的两个部分彼此是独立的, 在句法上是平等的; 其中表示并列关系的并列连词有 and, as well as, both … and …, not only … but also …, neither … nor …;表示选择关系的有 or, or else, either … or;表示转折关系的有 but, yet, while, whereas;表示因果关系的有 for, so 14. 在某些连接性状语如 furthermore, hence, however, nevertheless, therefore 等之前通常用分号代 替逗号, 因为这些词是副词而非连词, He‘d worked in the foreign service for two years without 如 leave; hence he was tired almost beyond endurance. 15. 需注意的并列连词: ?and 解释为和、然后、那么;?or 解释为或者、否则,用于否定句中 可作也不解;?or else 作否则解;?yet 作可是、然而解;?whereas 作然而、但是、尽管解 16. 需特别注意的句子: He bought five books, and two of them are nice. = He bought five books, two of which are nice. Hurry up, or you‘ll be late. = Unless (? if not) you hurry up, you‘ll be late. Tom said that he liked English and that he wanted to learn French. Five minutes earlier, and you could have met Tom. ? I. 考前巩固 Complete the tag questions (反意疑问句). Pay special attention to the italicized words and the words in the brackets. (带*的句子由于涉及虚拟语气,故建议理解) 1. 2. *3. 4. (A) I don‘t think he is right, __________? (believe, suppose, imagine, bet, guess, etc.) I‘m a student, __________? I wish I could help you, ___________? He‘s said to have finished the homework, __________?
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(五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关

3 5. *6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

He must have been to school the other day, __________? He had planned to lend you a hand yesterday, __________? He is unfit to do the job, __________? (unfair, refuse, fail, hesitate, etc.) If it is fine tomorrow, they will go outing, __________? It‘s clear that the car has arrived here, __________? He has no money with him today, __________? Nobody has anything to do with the accident, __________? Don‘t tell anybody else about it, __________? Come in and take a seat if you are free, __________? Nobody had your bike repaired yesterday, __________? They must have finished their task ahead of time now, __________? Mrs. Smith, who was not in charge of us, refused to help us, __________? Tom‘s sister had no idea of when the meeting would be held, __________? Her father‘s just come from Beijing, __________? (B) Jane has to stay here all day, __________? As far as I remember, Tom used to live here, __________? That‘s your sister, __________? I must answer the letter, __________? You need to come earlier, __________? Susan‘d have worked abroad if she‘d had the chance, __________? Everyone‘s having a good time, __________? There‘s nothing wrong, __________? Someone turn that radio down, __________? Birds barely build nests in our garden, __________? Do sit down, __________? I don‘t think you‘ve done it, __________? One can‘t be too modest, __________? Don‘t forget to phone me, __________? Let‘s go, __________?

II. Turn the following sentences into exclamatory sentences (感叹句). 1. It‘s nice of you to come. 3. She wears funny clothes. *5. She‘s lovely, isn‘t she? III. Choose the best answer. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The boy dare not stay at home alone, _____? A. dare he B. dare not he C. does he He must have studied English for two years, _____? A. mustn‘t he B. hasn‘t he C. didn‘t he You‘d never heard of it before I told you, _____? A. didn‘t I B. did I C. hadn‘t you He can‘t have finished the job yesterday, _____? A. can he B. has he C. did he The nurse said that she was not feeling well, _____? A. wasn‘t she B. didn‘t she You‘d better remain here, _____? A. wouldn‘t you B. didn‘t you C. was she C. hadn‘t you D. doesn‘t he D. doesn‘t he D. had you D. didn‘t he D. did she D. should you
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2. That‘s a pity. 4. That‘s a good idea. 6. I hate noise.

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(五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关

4 7. 8. 9.

– He is angry with me, isn‘t he?

– _____. D. I don‘t hope it. D. does it D. may he

A. I don‘t hope so. B. I hope not. C. I don‘t hope that. They seem to say the first thing that comes into their head, _____? A. do they B. don‘t they He dislikes the film, _____? C. doesn‘t it

A. does he B. doesn‘t he C. will he 10. If you want help — money or anything, let me know, _____?

A. don‘t you B. will you C. shall you D. do you 11. Mrs. Black doesn‘t believe her son is able to design a digital camera, _____? A. is she B. isn‘t she C. doesn‘t she 12. Brian told you that there wasn‘t anyone in the room at that time, _____? A. was there B. wasn‘t there 17. I don‘t suppose anyone will volunteer, _____? C. didn‘t he D. does she D. did he D. won‘t they

A. do I B. don‘t I C. will they 18. The news that they failed their driving test discouraged him, _____? A. did they B. didn‘t they 19. – Alice, you feed the bird today, _____?

C. did it D. didn‘t it – But I fed it yesterday.

A. do you B. will you C. didn‘t you D. don‘t you 20. I didn‘t see Mike in his office this morning, so I think he must have gone to Paris yesterday, _____? A. mustn‘t he B. didn‘t he 21. Tom is unfit for the demanding job, _____? A. is Tom B. isn‘t Tom 22. You need a lot of money, _____? A. don‘t you B. do you 23. There stand many trees in the garden, _____? A. don‘t there B. don‘t they C. hasn‘t he C. isn‘t he C. needn‘t you C. do there D. did I D. is he D. need you D. do they (10 嘉定-1)

24. I think that something has to be done to stop our air from being polluted, _____?

A. doesn‘t it B. hasn‘t it C. don‘t they D. haven‘t they 25. – Frank is up late working again.‖ – This is the third time this week he‘s had to study late, _____? (10 虹口-1) A. isn‘t it B. hasn‘t it C. isn‘t he D. hasn‘t he 26. People who have regular physical exercise seldom catch a disease like A (H1N1) flu, _____? (10 金山-1 / 10 静安-1) A. do they B. don‘t they C. haven‘t they D. have they 27. – They believed that their conclusion was right, _____? – I suppose so. (10 黄浦-1) A. was it B. did they C. didn‘t they D. wasn‘t it 28. Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, _____? (10 徐汇-1) A. does it B. is it 29. Today isn‘t as cold as it was yesterday, _____? C. wasn‘t it D. doesn‘t it (10 青浦-1)

A. wasn‘t it B. was it C. isn‘t it D. is it 30. Many believe that the world will end on December 21, 2012 according to the Mayan Prophecy, _____? (10 杨浦-1) A. don‘t they B. won‘t it C. isn‘t it D. will they 31. Intelligent people need never work hard to be successful in the field where they are engaged in, _____ they? (10 长宁-2) A. needn‘t B. don‘t C. do D. need
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(五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关

5 32. The news that they failed their driving test discouraged him, _____? A. did they A. do you B. didn‘t they B. will you C. did it C. don‘t you D. didn‘t it

(10 普陀-2)

33. When you have finished with that video tape, don‘t forget to put it in my drawer, ____? (10 徐汇-2) D. won‘t you (10 虹口-2) 34. Measures must be taken before there is another collapse of the coal mine, _____?

A. must they B. mustn‘t they C. is there D. isn‘t there 35. I don‘t imagine Russ and his poor dog had a good time on the deserted island, _____? (10 黄浦-2) A. didn‘t they B. do I C. did they 36. Chinese must have the largest number of speakers, _____? A. mustn‘t that B. haven‘t they C. don‘t they D. hadn‘t they (10 七校) D. doesn‘t it (10 八校)

37. Don‘t forget the appointment with the principal at the registry office, _____ you?

A. don‘t B. will C. do D. shall 38. To have a family reunion dinner at a restaurant, you need to reserve the restaurant and select dishes on the menu months before it, _____? (10 六校-1) A. don‘t you B. didn‘t you C. mustn‘t you D. needn‘t you 39. _____ it is to play hide and seek with all of you! A. How funny B. How a great fun 40. _____ your wedding was! C. What a great fun D. What fun D. What great success (09 秋) D. is she (09 市调研)

A. How a great success B. What a great success C. How great success 41. Sally‘s never seen a play in the Shanghai Grand Theatre, _____? A. hasn‘t she B. has she C. isn‘t she 42. I thought that you would be away from the present post, _____?

A. didn‘t he B. didn‘t you C. weren‘t you D. wouldn‘t you 43. All the visitors have to pass security check before they are allowed to enter the stadium, _____? (11 闵行-1) A. don‘t they B. haven‘t they C. aren‘t they D. are they 44. The streets were flooded, so it must have rained heavily last night, _____? A. mustn‘t it B. hasn‘t it C. didn‘t it 45. Beer bottles can be recycled but they need cleaning thoroughly, _____ they? A. needn‘t B. don‘t C. mustn‘t D. can‘t 46. At the meeting, most students disagreed with the director‘s proposal, _____? (11 嘉定-1) D. weren‘t they (11 静安-1) (11 宝山-1)

A. did they B. didn‘t they C. did it D. didn‘t it 47. You said that the current shortage of water in some provinces would end soon, _____? (10 闸北-2) A. would it B. wouldn‘t it C. did you D. didn‘t you 48. He must have been to Scotland, _____ I once saw some photos of him taken in Edinburgh wearing a tartan skirt. A. for B. now that C. because of D. since 49. You‘d better go faster, _____ you won‘t have another chance to date with me. A. and B. otherwise C. but D. however 50. It is often said that an American starts a speech with a joke, _____ a Japanese with an apology. A. or B. as C. while D. when 51. She had never done anything for them, _____ they had done everything for her. A. yet B. whereas C. when D. for 52. Although he was a newcomer and worked for only a few days in the office, _____ he got to know almost everybody here. A. and B. but C. yet D. so 53. _____, and you will succeed.
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(五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关

6

A. Making another effort C. To make another effort 54. Once you meet with a traffic accident, _____.

B. If you make another effort D. Another effort D. to be calm D. both of them D. hence

A. keeping calm B. keep calm C. and keep calm 55. Mary likes these crafts very much, _____ belong to me. A. and all of which B. and neither of them C. none of which 56. Hurry off, _____ you will be late for the concert. A. unless B. therefore C. nevertheless 57. He should have been there, _____ he was too busy.

A. nevertheless B. otherwise C. furthermore D. but 58. – Would you like to play basketball with us? – Yes, I‘d love to. _____ I‘m afraid I have no time. A. So B. But C. Or D. And 59. ____ some people come here for a short break, others have decided to stay forever.

(10 春)

A. Because B. If C. Once D. While 60. There are fewer teaching positions left in big cities, _____ at the same time there are shortage of teachers in small towns. (11 春) A. or B. and C. so D. for 61. Taylor‘s popularity gave her a lot of power with the movie industry, _____ she got very high pay for her movies. (10 黄浦-1) A. if B. though C. so D. unless 62. I thought we‘d be late for the concert, _____ we ended up getting there ahead of time. (10 崇明-1) A. for B. but C. or D. so 63. I don‘t like going to the party; I must, _____, go since they have invited me several times. (10 长宁-2) A. still B. otherwise C. nevertheless D. and 64. Could you lend me 50 cents? _____, I‘ll have to change a $10 note into coins. A. Therefore B. Instead C. Otherwise 64. I don‘t suppose anyone will volunteer to go, _____? A. do I B. don‘t I 65. He _____ last weekend, didn‘t he? C. will they D. Yet (10 十一校) D. won‘t they (11 八校) (11 青浦-1)

A. didn‘t do anything B. did nothing C. hardly did anything D. failed to do anything 66. It doesn‘t matter if they want to come to your party, _____? A. doesn‘t it ? 1. 各地高考链接 – Someone wants you on the phone. – _____ nobody knows I am here. A. Although B. And C. But I told them not everybody could run as fast as you did, _____? B. does it C. don‘t they D. do they

(11 秋)

(11 全国 I) D. So (11 重庆)

2. 3.

4. 5.

A. could he B. didn‘t I C. didn‘t you D. could they Find ways to praise your children often, _____ you‘ll find they will open their hearts to you. (11 山东) A. till B. or C. and D. but Bring the flowers into a warm room _____ they‘ll soon open. (11 辽宁) A. or B. and C. but _____ a strange plant! I‘ve never seen it before.
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D. for (11 辽宁)
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(五)反意疑问句、感叹句、并列句及相关

A. Which

B. What

C. How

D. Whether

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1

(六)动词的时态和语态

(六) 动词的时态和语态
? 1. 考点归纳 2010 届考试手册中注明的需掌握的动词的十种时态: 一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时、一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时、一般将来 时、过去将来时、现在完成进行时、将来进行时(只作理解要求),这些时态形式如下:
现在 过去 将来 过去将来 一般时态 does / do did will / shall do would / should do 进行时态 is / am / are doing was / were doing will / shall be doing 完成时态 has / have done had done 完成进行时态 has / have been doing

2.

常见时态的常见用途: ? 一般现在时表经常发生的动作或经常存在的状态;表习惯、能力、客观真理、客观存在; 常用于某些从句(“主将从现”);常与 always, often, usually 等连用;可表瞬间动作;含位 置移动含义的动词或表示按时间表将要发生的动作常用它代替一般将来时表该含义(如 come, leave 等);特殊地,表示希望(I hope / I bet)或表“务必”含义的句型[see (to it), make sure, make certain]等的 that 分句中用一般现在时代替一般将来时表将来 ? 现在进行时表正在进行的动作;与 now, at present 等连用;暗含打算、重复且经常(如某一 习惯)、未结束等含义;表示一个现阶段或最近按计划要进行的动作;可代替一般现在时 表示说话人的感情;注意有些词一般不用进行时,如 wish, know, consist, belong to 等 ? 现在完成时表结果;表过去发生的该动作对现在有影响;常与 since+时间点或 for+时间段 连用;将现在与过去建立联系;表示延续的动作,瞬间动词(join, be dead 等)此时不能使用 ? 一般过去时含“过去如此,现在并非如此”之意;常与 last year 等连用;有时,由于某些 如 until, before 的连接词已表明句中动词发生的先后顺序,故既可用它也可用一般过去时 e.g. The train (had) left before I reached the station. ? 过去进行时表过去正在进行的动作;从句中常用于表示两个过去发生的动作同时发生(某 些工具书中将其说做“为另一动作提供背景” ,有些句子含有突然发生之意) ? 过去完成时需以过去某一时间为前提;与一般过去时连用强调动作的时间先后顺序;表 意愿动词用该时态表示愿望未实现 ? 一般将来时表将来;常与 tomorrow 等连用;be going to 表示打算、预测;be to do 表示按 计划要发生,有时也表示命令;常见于祈使句、the more…the more 等句型 ? 过去将来时(would do)表示过去时间后的动作;多见于间接引语 ? 现在完成进行时表动作从过去一直持续到当前,是否继续下去未知;有时带有感情色彩 ? 将来进行时表将来按计划进行的动作

3. 4.

时态的关系: 常用时间轴表示两时态间的先后问题,便于解题 动词的语态: 主动与被动;表被动时动词的基本形式是 be done;一般在动作执行者不明确、 不重要等情况下,或出于行文流畅的需要,会运用被动语态;被动语态的形式如下:
现在 过去 将来 过去将来 一般时态 is / are done was / were done shall / will be done should / would be done 进行时态 is / am / are being done was / were being done 完成时态 has / have been done had been done

说明: 被动语态不用于将来进行时态和各完成进行时态 5. 6. 不及物动词(vi.)没有被动语态(如 take place, happen 等); 当相互代词(each other 等)或反身代词 为动词宾语时,句子不能被转换成被动语态;许多词组无被动语态,如 consist of, belong to 被动常用句式: it is reported that / get sth. done 等 被动句型的转换: People believe that he is ill.
→It is beli eved that he is ill. ( Type I) →He is believed to be ill. ( Type II)

注意转换过程中,that 分句中的谓语动词表将来时则 II 句型(Type II)变为 to be doing,如谓语 动词表示过去时间或现在完成时,则 II 句型变为 to have done
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2 7. 一些“主动表被动”的固定搭配:
系动词 ……起来 某些 vi. + 某些 adv.

(六)动词的时态和语态 can‘t / won‘t + 某些 vi.

The thing proved true. / The food smells系动词/ The book sells well. / My car can’t move. / It writes nice. smoothly. 对于第三个例子的这类动词, 有多种不同的理解。 常见工具书将其定义成如下两种 类型: ①多数既可作 vt. 又可作 vi. 的动词,若动作发出者(施动者)无需强调(不强调被动)或已 明确时多用主动,如 If the situation at home doesn’t improve, I‘ll have to move out. ②对于既可 作 vt. 又可作 vi. 的动词, 若句子主语(物居多)具有内在特征,能够促使动词动作得以实现或难 以实现时,常用主动表被动;综上所述,试比较:
She doesn‘t photograph well. She hasn‘t been photographed well. 她不上照。(取决与主语内在特征) 她的照没有被拍好。(或取决于摄像师)

同理,以下句子中: The sentences read clearly. The sentences are read clearly. The vase breaks easily. The vase is broken by Peter. 8. 针对 sentences,指句子没有歧义 针对人,指读的人读得好 针对 vase,指花瓶的属性为易碎 针对人,指客观事实,人将花瓶打碎

如 open, close, shut, lock 等表属性的动词一般用主动表示被动; 不定式 to blame 作表语时用主 动表示被动;be + a. + to do 结构,如形容词为难易形容词(或称为表属性的形容词),多用主 动表示被动;若不定式的逻辑主语为句子主语,用主动表示被动;某些形容词结构(如 too … to / … enough to do),此时多用主动表示被动;be worth 等特殊结构用主动表示被动 9. need / want / require 表 “需要” deserve 表 , “值得” 等动词用主动表示被动; 结构为 need / want / require / deserve + doing / to be done 10. 注意翻译中汉语与英语的被动结构的互译: 汉语不出现主语(昨天抓到一个特务。 ) ? 英语被动(A spy was caught yesterday.) 汉语主动表被动(这种料子很好销售。 ) ? 英语主动(This kind of material sells well.) 汉语主动表被动(图书馆将提前竣工。 ) ? 英语被动(The new library will be completed ahead of time.) 11. 注意某些不带 to 的不定式在被动语态时需还原 to ? I. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 考前巩固 Put in the appropriate form of the given verbs. I _______ (wash) my clothes when the bell _______ (ring). We _______ (make) a trip to the West Lake as soon as the work _______ (finish). ―_______ you _______ (buy) the dictionary?‖ ―No, I haven‘t. When I _______ (get) to the bookstore yesterday, all the dictionaries _______ already _______ (sell) out.‖ Tom, your aunt _______ (come) this afternoon. The teacher said that the earth _______ (move) round the sun. It _______ (get) dark. What about _______ (go) home at once? Use your head and you _______ (find) a better way. Look! Someone _______ (lie). See that you _____ (be) ready at 8. My sister _____ (live) at home for the moment. Don‘t talk to me. I _____ (try) to learn this page by heart. Come quickly, I _____ (smell) burning. This is the third time you _____ (be) here. What exactly you _____ (come) for now?

II. Rewrite the following sentences by using “Type I” and “Type II”. 1. 2. 3. People think that he is coming. We know that you were in town on the night of the crime. There is a report that unidentified flying objects were seen over New Jersey last night.
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3 4. 5. People know him to be a good teacher. We understand that she was the best singer that Australia has ever produced.

(六)动词的时态和语态

III. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. Pay attention to the tense (时), aspect (体,即进行体、完成体) and voice (态,即主动态、被动态). 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 到下周末,我在这儿就整整一年了。(By) 下星期你从陕西省回来,讨论会已经结束。(when) 上星期他每天都来看我。(see) 一有消息我就给你打电话。(directly) 有人建议会议推迟到下周四举行。(suggest) 不久以后一些药品的价格将再一次下调。(before) 应当鼓励学生用多种方法解决同一问题。(encourage) 各个地区采取了措施,使未能回家的人一起过了个快乐年。(so that) 这对夫妇眼下盼望着去欧洲旅行。(look) 网球运动在上海越来越流行了。(popular) 这本杂志花了我 30 多元。(cost) 据说,中国人比西方人更早使用纸币。(It)

IV. Choose the best answer. 1. By the end of last term, he had written to a number of colleges, received three letters of acceptance, and _____ two campuses. A. saw B. seen C. seeing D. have seen He decided to go to the museum as soon as he _____. A. finishes what he did B. would finish what he was doing C. finished what he did D. finished what he was doing While Mary _____ a pail of milk from the barn to the kitchen, she spilled some of it on her skirt. A. carried B. had carried C. was carrying D. had to carry According to the timetable, the aeroplane for San Francisco _____ at eight o‘clock in the morning. A. will leave B. is going to leave C. has left D. leaves Ms. Green _____ in town for only one year, yet she seems to be acquainted with everyone who comes to the store. A. has been living B. had been living C. lived D. lives Don‘t tell him anything about me when you _____ with him tomorrow. A. are talking B. will talk C. will be talked D. would talk The Olympic Games, first celebrated in Athens in 1896, _____ every four years so far this century, except during the two world wars. A. are taken place B. were held C. had been held D. have been held A desert area that has been without water for six years will still bloom when rain _____. A. will come B. is going to come C. comes None of us understood how he _____ to pass the exam. D. have come D. manage

2.

3. 4. 5.

6. 7.

8. 9.

A. can manage B. has managed C. had managed 10. You see, we _____ for parents all morning yesterday, but nobody came.

A. were waiting B. had waited C. waited D. had been waiting 11. She _____ her consciousness when the rescuers found her in the snow and saved her just in time. A. was losing B. had lost C. lost D. had been losing 12. By the end of the 19th century, Shanghai _____ a small town on the Huangpu River. A. had remained B. was remained C. was remaining D. remained 13. The advantages of computerized typing and editing _____ to all the written languages of the world.
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A. are now being extended B. have now been extended C. will extend D. is now extended 14. He _____ the army by the end of 1992. He _____ in the army since then. A. joined…is B. has joined…has been C. had joined…is D. had joined…has been 15. The first use of atomic weapons was in 1945, and their power _____ increased enormously ever since. A. is B. was C. has been D. had been 16. – Has Sam finished his homework today? – I have no idea. He _____ it this morning. A. did B. has done C. was doing D. had done 17. Months ago we sailed ten thousand miles across this open sea, which _____ the Pacific, and we met no storms. A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called 18. – How are you today? – Oh, I _____ as ill as I do now for a very long time. A. didn‘t feel B. wasn‘t feeling C. don‘t feel D. haven‘t felt 19. The reporter said that the UFO _____ east to west when he saw it. A. was travelling B. travelled C. had been travelling D. was to travel 20. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology _____ so rapidly. A. is changing B. has changed C. will change D. would change 21. I _____ ping-pong quite well, but I haven‘t had time to play since the new year. A. will play B. have played C. played D. play 22. According to the art dealer, the painting _____ to go for at least a million dollars. A. is expected B. expects C. expected D. is expecting 23. The little girl _____ her heart out because she _____ her toy bear and believed she wasn‘t ever going to find it. A. had cried…lost B. cried…had lost C. has cried…has lost D. cries…has lost 24. John and I _____ friends for eight years. We first got to know each other at a Christmas party. But we _____ each other a couple of times before that. A. had been…have seen B. have been…have seen C. had been…had seen D. have been…had seen 25. – Sorry, Joe, I didn‘t mean to… – Don‘t call me ―Joe‖. I‘m Mr. Parker to you, and _____ you forget it! A. do B. didn‘t C. did D. don‘t 26. All morning as she waited for the medical report from the doctor, her nervousness _____. A. has grown B. is growing C. grew D. had grown 27. – How long _____ David and Vicky _____ married? – For about three years. A. were…being B. have…got C. have…been D. did…get 28. The news came as no surprise to me. I ____ for some time that the factory was going to shut down. A. had known B. knew 29. Come and see me whenever _____. C. have known D. know

A. you are convenient B. you will be convenient C. it is convenient to you D. it will be convenient 30. He kept looking at her, wondering whether he _____ her somewhere. A. saw B. has seen C. sees 31. – George and Lucy got married last week. Did you go to their wedding? – No, I _____. Did they have a big wedding? A. was not invited B. haven‘t been invited C. hadn‘t been invited
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D. had seen

D. didn‘t invite
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32. The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people _____ to eat more fruit and vegetables. A. persuade B. will persuade C. be persuaded D. are persuaded 33. Let‘s keep to the point or we _____ any decisions. A. will never reach B. have never reached C. never reach 34. I _____ you not to move my dictionary — now I can‘t find it. D. never reached

A. asked B. ask C. was asking D. had asked 35. Tim, who got married last week, spent $3, 000 more than he _____ for the wedding. A. will plan B. has planned C. would plan D. had planned 36. Although the causes of cancer _____, we do not yet have any practical way to prevent it. A. are being uncovered B. have been uncovering C. are uncovering D. have uncovered 37. You _____ television. Why not do something more active? A. always watch B. are always watching C. have always watched D. have always been watching 38. In my opinion, all Mr. White _____ good to his students in his class at present. He is very strict in their study. A. does does does B. does do do C. does does do D. did do does 39. – Have you seen Oliver recently? – Yes, in fact I saw him this morning. I _____ him for two years. A. didn‘t see B. haven‘t seen C. hadn‘t seen D. don‘t see 40. Oil, exported from Iran to Europe, _____ by tankers. A. used to be transported B. used to being transported C. was used to be transported D. was used to being transported 41. He asked me if these islands _____ to Cambodia. A. had belonged B. belongs C. belong 42. The Bible _____ that money _____ the root of all evil. A. says…is B. said…is C. had said…has been 43. Though I _____ the directions, I _____ to get the DVD working. D. have been belonged D. said…was

A. had read…failed B. read…had failed C. had read…had failed D. read…failed 44. It _____ not many months since I _____ in the city. A. is…arrived C. has been…have arrived ? 1. 2. 模拟演练 Mary went to the box office at lunch time, but all the tickets ____ out. (09 秋) A. would sell B. had sold C. have sold D. was selling During the period of recent terrorist activities, people ____ not to touch any unattended the bag. (09 秋) A. had always been warned B. were always being warned C. are always warning D. always warned We ____ do our project day and night in the past two weeks. (10 春) A. had worked B. have worked C. will be working D. are working The employees ____ that they should renew their contracts within a week. (10 春) B. was…had arrived D. had been… arrived

3. 4. 5. 6.

A. advise B. have advised C. are advised D. had been advised Every few years, the coal workers ____ their lungs X-rayed to ensure their health. (10 秋) A. are having B. have C. have had D. had had The church tower which ____ will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished.
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(10 秋)

6 7. 8. 9.

(六)动词的时态和语态

A. has restored B. has been restored C. is restoring D. is being restored I‘m sure you will do better in the test because you ____ so hard this year. (11 春) A. studied B. had studied C. will study D. have been studying (11 春) A lot of people often forget that oral exams ____ to test communicative ability.

10.

11.

12.

13. 14.

A. design B. are designed C. are designing D. are being designed Although medical science ____ the control of several dangerous disease, what worries us is that some of them are returning. (09 市调研) A. achieved B. has achieved C. will achieve D. had achieved After the shocking news of his death spread online, the rest of the magazines ____ within half an hour. (09 市调研) A. had sold out B. have sold out C. was sold out D. were sold out Because the farmland ____ quickly, the government is considering starting a program to solve the problem. (10 奉贤-1) A. is being lost B. is lost C. is losing D. loses I called Alice many times yesterday evening, but I couldn‘t get through. Her brother ____ on the phone all the time! (10 普陀-1) A. was talking B. has been talking C. has talked D. talked The day we had been looking forward to ____ at last. (10 普陀-1) A. come B. came C. coming D. be coming The manager as well as the staff ____ chatting cheerfully during the tea break when the boss came in. (10 普陀-1) A. were B. have been C. was D. has been Before the hurricane approached the town, the residents ____ to stay at home or reduce outdoor activities. (10 闵行-1) A. were warning B. have warned C. warned D. had been warned Many college students register at driving schools during the summer vacation, saying that getting a license ____ them an advantage in the job market. (10 闵行-1) A. gives B. will give C. has given D. had given It is said that no attention ____ other possibilities at the meeting the day before yesterday. (10 卢湾-1) A. was paid to B. paid to C. had been paid to D. had paid to – You haven‘t said a word about my new car, Michelle. Do you like it? – I‘m sorry I ____ anything about it sooner. I certainly think it‘s comfortable sitting in it. (10 虹口-1) A. wasn‘t saying B. don‘t say C. won‘t say D. didn‘t say The efforts made by the researchers ____ possible the appearance of a new life-saving medicine. (10 虹口-1) A. were made B. made C. made it D. were made it Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao ____ at Copenhagen, capital of Denmark, on Dec. 16, 2009 Wednesday evening, for the ongoing UN Climate Change Conference. (10 金山-1) A. arrives B. has arrived C. arrived D. is arriving The Ministry of Health issued a notice in September that the fees for tests and treatment in A (H1N1) flu cases ____ by medical insurance. (10 金山-1) A. cover B. are covered C. will cover D. has been covered The workers were so tired that they felt asleep where they ____ without undressing. (10 长宁-1)

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

A. lying B. were lying C. lied D. were lain 23. Customers are asked to make sure that they ____ the right change before leaving the checkout counter. (10 长宁-1) A. will give B. have been given C. have given D. will be given 24. You can‘t move in right now. The library ____. (10 黄浦-1)
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A. has painted B. is painted C. is being painted D. is painting 25. I‘m sure that your letter ____ immediate attention. They know you‘re waiting for the reply. (10 浦东-1) A. will get B. gets C. has got D. is getting 26. – Would you please keep quiet, Sally? The weather forecast ____. – Oh, I‘m sorry I didn‘t realize it. (10 浦东-1) A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast C. has been broadcast D. had been broadcast 27. Unfortunately, when I got there she ____, so we only had time for a few words. 28. (10 徐汇-1) A. just left B. has just left C. was just leaving D. had just left A lot of cars and buses ____ from passing through the highways because of the heavy snow. (10 徐汇-1) A. have blocked B. had been blocked C. blocked D. were blocked The Dubai (迪拜) financial crisis ____ to have added more pressure to the already-serious world economy. (10 闸北-1) A. was reported B. reported C. would report D. reports The world gold price ____ for the last five years, which is now over 1000 dollars per ounce. (10 闸北-1) A. is rising B. rose C. has risen D. has been rising – Did you enjoy last night‘s performance? – Yes, although Beethoven‘s Fifth Symphony ____ rather poorly. (10 青浦-1) A. was playing B. was being played C. was played D. played (10 青浦-1) A. have gone B. had been going C. had gone D. were going In a certain store where they sell puddings, the customers ____ to sample them before coming to a decision. (10 静安-1) A. are allowed B. is allowed C. allow D. have allowed ―I‘m more nervous right now than when I ____,‖ Jane said, as she saw the group of reporters waiting anxiously at the exit of the gymnasium. (10 宝山-1) A. had competed B. compete C. was competing D. have competed Since the beginning, the television industry in the US ____ by three companies, the ABC, the CBS, and the NBC. (10 宝山-1) A. had been controlled B. has been controlled C. had controlled D. has controlled Everyone who saw Star Wars said that it ____ one of the best science fiction movies that had ever been released. (10 崇明-1) A. is B. was C. had been D. has been During the 60 years since the founding of the New China, we ____ through millions of ups and downs. (10 杨浦-1) A. will go B. have gone C. went D. are gone Earlier fears about the weather disappeared when the rain which had been forecast ____ to appear. (10 长宁-2) A. would fail B. fails C. failed D. has failed To our great joy, Professor Liu ____ the special prize for his devotion to helping students from less developed areas. (10 长宁-2) A. will award B. is awarded C. has been awarded D. has awarded Wife ____ a big dinner when Husband was aware of their eighth wedding anniversary that day. (10 卢湾-2) A. was still preparing B. had hardly prepared C. did carefully prepare D. would eagerly prepare – ____. B. It was handed in.
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29.

30.

31.

32. After midnight, long after his parents ____ to bed, Tim turned on the TV again. 33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

41. – Where‘s your assignment? A. I had already handed it in.

(10 卢湾-2)

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C. It‘d been handed in. D. It‘s been handed in. 42. To help today‘s customers make a choice, a company in New York ____ a video trolley — a supermarket trolley with a video screen to display advertisement and price information. (10 浦东-2) A. has invented B. had invented C. invents D. is inventing 43. In the rainforest of the Amazon, 50 to 150 plant species ____ every day. (10 浦东-2) A. have been destroyed B. are destroying C. are being destroyed D. destroyed 44. The prices of houses ____ because the demand of them become more and more great. (10 闵行-2) A. are rising B. rise C. had risen 45. – Do you have any problems if you ____ this job? – Well, I‘m thinking about the salary… A. offer B. will offer C. are offered 46. – Why did you leave that company? A. offer B. offered C. am offered 47. The cause he had devoted himself to ____ a perfect success. D. have been risen (10 闵行-2) D. will be offered (10 四区-2) D. was offered (10 四区-2)

– I ____ a better position at IBM.

A. proving B. proved C. was proved D. has been proved 48. We will be losing money this year unless that new economic plan of yours ____ miracle. (10 徐汇-2) A. works B. is working C. will be working D. worked 49. The reporters exposed the corruption (腐败) of several senior officers in the government; consequently, these officers ____ to resign from office. (10 徐汇-2) A. have asked B. were asked C. had asked D. had been asked 50. Once harm ____ to the environment, it takes years to have the system recovered. (10 虹口-2) A. does B. is done C. will be done D. be done 51. Our monitor, who by then ____ admission to Fudan University, decided to do some part-time jobs to gain more practical experience. (10 虹口-2) A. gained B. was gaining C. has gained D. had gained 52. The wet weather will continue tomorrow when a cold front ____ to arrive. A. expects B. is expecting C. is expected 53. It ____ that making a plan is easier than carrying it out. (10 松江-2) D. will be expected (10 松江-2)

A. was turned out B. is turned out C. has been turned D. turns out 54. Because of the sharp drop of birth rate, the number of students sitting the college entrance exams ____ all the time. (10 闸北-2) A. is declining B. has declined C. have been declined D. were declining 55. When Bill Gates decided to stop schooling and created Microsoft in 1975, he ____ law at Harvard University. (10 闸北-2) A. studied B. had studied C. was studying D. would study 56. – I‘m told that you are leaving for Beijing. – Who ____ so? (10 黄浦-2) A. said B. had said 57. – How long ____ in the job? C. says – Since 1990. D. say (10 黄浦-2)

A. were you employed B. have you been employed C. have you employed D. will you be employed 58. The driver ____, according to the newspaper, to have been killed in the traffic accident. (10 奉贤-2) A. said B. was saying C. was said D. had been said 59. If a computer crashes, you will lose the file you ____ unless you save it regularly. (10 奉贤-2) A. are working B. work C. will work D. worked 60. His funny joke in the speech ____ all of us present and we couldn‘t help laughing yesterday. (11 奉贤-1) A. was amusing B. was amused C. amused D. amusing
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(六)动词的时态和语态

61. – Do you have any problems when you ____ this job? – Well, I‘m considering the salary and working conditions. (11 奉贤-1 类似 45) A. offered B. will be offered C. are offered D. offer 62. – Why did you put the wood near the fire? It‘s dangerous. – Don‘t worry. Wet wood won‘t ____. (11 普陀-1) A. burnt B. be burnt C. be burning D. burn 63. The growth of part-time and flexible working patterns, and of training and retraining schemes, ____ more women to take advantage of employment opportunities. (11 普陀-1) A. have allowed B. allow C. allowing D. allows 64. Your spoken English ____ in a way, but it still needs a great deal of practice and hard work. (11 长宁-1) A. has improved B. will be improved C. improved D. had improved 65. A British research study shows that, globally, people‘s walking speeds ____ by 10 percent over the last decade. (11 闵行-1) A. were increased B. have increased C. increased D. had been increased 66. The way the guests ____ in the hotel influenced their evaluation of the service. (11 闵行-1) A. were treated B. treated C. would treat D. would be treated 67. So far, the Shanghai World Expo ____ to be a great success as people expected. (11 虹口-1) A. was proved B. had proved C. has been proved D. has proved 68. At the age when many people ____ their first job, the youngsters of The Sunday Times Rich List are buying country estates or jetting off to their homes overseas. (11 徐汇-1) A. were looking for B. have looked for C. are looking for D. looked for 69. Oetzi, the 5, 000 year old ―Iceman‖, ____ on the alpine border between Italy and Austria in 1991. (11 徐汇-1) A. was discovering B. was discovered C. had been discovered D. discovered 70. – How did Tom feel after the accident? – He ____ for several minutes because he was frightened. (11 嘉定-1) A. stood there shaking B. was standing there shake C. was standing there and shaken D. was standing there to shake 71. Elsa ____ several companies to ask if they could offer her part-time work. (11 静安-1) A. contacted B. contacts C. contacting 72. The alarm becomes active when the switch ____. A. turns on B. turning on C. was turned on 73. I‘ve lived a much healthier life since I ____ up smoking. D. has contacted (11 静安-1) D. is turned on (11 杨浦-1) (11 黄浦-1)

A. have given B. give C. had given D. gave 74. I wonder why Jenny ____ to us recently. We should have heard from her by now.

A. doesn‘t write B. hasn‘t written C. won‘t write D. hadn‘t written 75. The Saraha Festival ____ to the same dates each year, but generally takes place in November or December. (11 黄浦-1) A. will be fixed B. doesn‘t fix C. is not fixed D. is fixed 76. ―A man who ____ fault with others is not perfect himself, for he has no time to make a self-criticism.‖ said Buddha. (11 宝山-1) A. always found B. is always finding C. has always found D. had always found 77. As more and more sports ____, the Olympic Games are growing so big that most cities may not be able to host them in the future. (11 浦东-1) A. added B. were added C. are being added D. have added 78. The newly-married couple often complain that their new apartment ____ their bank account. They are now almost penniless. (11 浦东-1) A. had really drained B. was really draining C. really drained D. has really drained
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(六)动词的时态和语态

79. – This is the first time that I have seen you in this neighborhood! – I ____ here only last week. (11 金山-1) A. moved B. move C. had moved D. am moving 80. Standing on the top of the Oriental Pearl Tower, ____ a good bird‘s-eye view of Shanghai city. (11 金山-1) A. it will be B. you will get C. there will be D. it will have 81. According to a housing research organization, the house price in China ____ to its high point by the end of last year. (11 闸北-1) A. would rise B. rose C. had risen D. was rising 82. It is the first time that the Spanish player Rafael Nadal ____ the U.S. Open Tennis Championship. (11 闸北-1) A. win B. has won C. won D. to win 83. Efforts to stop smoking in public areas ____ in Hangzhou in recent weeks. (11 青浦-1) A. made A. think B. have been made B. have thought C. have been making C. thought D. are making (11 青浦-1) (11 青浦-1) D. are thinking 84. Women prefer to think and then speak, while men like to speak as they ____. 85. Nana ____ as a photographer for five years in the club, and now she is the CEO.

A. has served B. had served C. served D. serves 86. Up to now, the Hope Project ____ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. (11 崇明-1) A. would save B. saves C. had saved D. has saved 87. The hotel wasn‘t particularly good, but I ____ in many worse hotels. 88. (09 八校) A. was staying B. stayed C. would stay D. had stayed The number of pets abandoned by their owners ____ by 30% in the recent three months because of the declining economy, according to UK pet charity, Blue Cross. (09 八校) A. have risen B. has risen C. have been risen D. has been risen For forty years Jane Goodall ____ the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. (10 十校) A. helps B. would help C. had helped D. has been helping – What‘s the matter, Sara? You wear a sad look on your face. – Oh, nothing much. As a matter of fact, I ____ of my friends back home. (10 七校) A. just thought B. have just been thinking C. was just thinking D. have just thought Facing the economic depression, every possible means ____ this year to save the company from going bankrupt. (10 六校-1) A. has been tried B. has tried C. have been tried D. have tried After a careful discussion, the two parties have made a rough plan but the details ____ out later. (10 六校-1) A. are worked B. being worked C. to be worked D. are to be worked 93. Because of climate change, the ice that polar bears depend on for survival _____. (10 十一校) A. are slowing disappearing B. is slowly disappearing C. are slowly disappeared D. have slowly disappeared 94. The guard neglected his duty, and thus _____ himself the job.

89.

90.

91.

92.

(11 八校)

A. costed B. have costed C. costing D. cost 95. How to protect children web fans from unsuitable material on-line while encouraging them to use the Internet _____ in many parts of the world. (11 八校) A. have long been discussed B. has long been discussed C. were long been discussed D. was long been discussed 96. After getting lost in a storm, a member of the navy team _____ four days later. (11 秋)
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11 A. rescued B. was rescued C. has rescued 97. Did you predict that many students _____ up for the dance competition? A. would sign ? 1. 各地高考链接 – Have you finished reading Jane Eyre? – No, I _____ my homework all day yesterday. A. was doing B. would do C. had done When you are home, give a call to let me know you _____ safely. A. are arriving 3. 4. B. have arrived C. had arrived B. signed C. have signed

(六)动词的时态和语态

D. had been rescued (11 秋) D. had signed

(10 全国 I) D. do (10 全国 I) D. will arrive (10 全国 I)

2.

The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune _____.

5. 6. 7.

A. is made B. would make C. was to be made D. had made Barbara is easy to recognize as she‘s the only one of the women who _____ evening dress. (10 全国 II) A. wear B. wears C. has worn D. have worn Linda, make sure the tables _____ before the guests arrive. (10 全国 II) A. be set B. set Excuse me, I _____ I was blocking your way. C. are set D. are setting (10 全国 II) D. wasn‘t realizing (10 安徽)

A. didn‘t realize B. don‘t realize C. haven‘t realized Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he _____.

A. was busy B. is busy C. had been busy D. will be busy 8. – Were you surprised by the ending of the film? – No. I _____ the book, so I already knew the story. (10 安徽) A. was reading B. had read C. am reading D. have read 9. – We‘ve spent too much money recently. – Well, it isn‘t surprising. Our friends and relatives _____ around all the time. (10 安徽) A. are coming B. had come C. were coming D. have been coming 10. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the ―r‖ sounds at the end of words _____. (10 北京) A. are dropped B. drop C. are being dropped D. have dropped 11. – I‘m not finished with my dinner yet. – But our friends _____ for us. (10 北京) A. will wait B. wait C. have waited D. are waiting 12. – I‘m sorry, but I don‘t quite follow you. Did you say you wanted to return on September 20? – Sorry, I _____ myself clear. We want to return on October 20. (10 北京) A. hadn‘t made B. wouldn‘t make C. don‘t make D. haven‘t made 13. It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they _____ for me. (10 北京) A. had done B. did C. would do D. were doing 14. – The weather has been very hot and dry. – Yes. If it had rained a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables _____. (10 北京) A. wouldn‘t die B. didn‘t die C. hadn‘t die D. wouldn‘t have died 15. The book had been translated into thirty languages since it _____ on the market in 1973. (10 重庆) A. had come B. has come C. came D. comes 16. The palace caught fire three times in the last century, and little of the original building _____ now. (10 重庆) A. remains B. is remained C. is remaining D. has been remained 17. – Why do you want to work for our company? – This is the job that I _____ for. (10 重庆) A. looked B. am to look C. had looked D. have been looking
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(六)动词的时态和语态

18. – Guess what, we‘ve got our visas for a short-term visit to the UK this summer. – How nice! You _____ a different culture then. A. will be experiencing B. have experienced C. have been experiencing D. will have experienced 19. This coastal area _____ a national wildlife reserve last year. A. was named B. named C. is named D. names 20. I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone _____ it. Was it you?

(10 福建)

(10 湖南) (10 湖南)

A. has done B. had done C. would do D. will do 21. I walked slowly through the street, where people _____ all kinds of fruits and vegetables. I studied the prices carefully and bought what I needed. (10 湖南) A. sell B. were selling C. had sold D. have sold 22. I‘m tired out. I _____ all afternoon and I don‘t seem to have finished anything. 23. (10 湖南) A. shopped B. have shopped C. had shopped D. have been shopping – Why, Jack, you look so tired! – Well, I _____ the house and I must finish the work tomorrow. (10 江苏) A. was painting B. will be painting C. have painted D. have been painting – Peter, where did you guys go for the summer vacation? – We _____ busy with our work for months, so we went to the beach to relax ourselves. (10 江苏) A. were B. have been C. had been D. will be George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I‘d rather he _____ more on its culture. (10 江苏) A. focus B. focused C. would focus D. had focused Mother wanted to be a good provider, a role she _____ since her marriage to Father. (10 江西)

24.

25.

26.

A. shoulders B. shouldered C. is shouldering D. has been shouldering 27. Joseph _____ to evening classes since last month, but he still can‘t say ―What‘s your name?‖ in Russian. (10 辽宁) A. has been going B. went C. goes D. has gone 28. I _____ all the cooking for my family, but recently I‘ve been too busy to do it. (10 辽宁) A. will do B. do C. am doing D. had done 29. Up to now, the program _____ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. A. would save B. saves C. had saved D. has saved 30. If we _____ the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. A. take B. had taken C. took 31. I have to see the doctor because I _____ a lot lately. D. have taken (10 陕西) (10 山东) (10 陕西)

A. have been coughing B. had coughed C. coughed D. cough 32. – When shall we restart our business? – Not until we _____ our plan. (10 四川) A. will finish B. are finishing C. are to finish D. have finished 33. You‘ve failed to do what you _____ to and I‘m afraid the teacher will blame you. (10 四川) A. will expect B. will be expected C. expected 34. We _____ on this project for four hours. Let‘s have a rest. D. were expected (10 天津)

A. are working B. have been working C. worked D. had worked 35. Traditional folk arts of Tianjin like paper cutting _____ at the culture show of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. (10 天津) A. are exhibiting B. is exhibiting C. are being exhibited D. is being exhibited 36. If you plant watermelon seeds in the spring, you _____ fresh watermelon in the fall. (10 浙江) A. eat B. would eat C. have eaten D. will be eating 37. Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy _____. (10 浙江)
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(六)动词的时态和语态

A. would have been saved B. had been saved C. will be saved D. was saved 38. For many years, people _____ electric cars. However, making them has been more difficult than predicted. (10 浙江) A. had dreamed B. have dreamed of C. dreamed of D. dream of 39. Planning so far ahead _____ no sense — so many things will have changed by next year. (11 全国 I) A. made B. is making C. makes D. has made 40. I wasn‘t sure if he was really interested or if he _____ polite. (11 全国 I) A. was just being A. had been lying B. will just be B. has been lying C. had just been C. was lying D. would just be (11 全国 I) D. has lain (11 全国 II) 41. When Alice came to, she did not know how long she _____ there. 42. If you don‘t like the drink you _____, just leave it and try a different one. 43.

44.

45.

46.

A. ordered B. are ordering C. will order D. had ordered – What do you think of store shopping in the future? – Personally, I think it will exist along with home shopping but _____. (11 安徽) A. will never replace B. would never replace C. will never be replaced D. would never be replaced – I didn‘t ask for the name list. Why _____ on my desk? – I put it there just now in case you needed it. (11 安徽) A. does it land B. has it landed C. will it land D. had it landed Experiments of this kind _____ in both the U.S. and Europe well before the Second World War. (11 北京) A. have conducted B. have been conducted C. had conducted D. had been conducted Tom _____ in the library every night over the last three months. (11 北京)

A. works B. worked C. has been working D. had been working 47. – That must have been a long trip. – Yeah, it _____ us a whole week to get there. (11 北京) A. takes B. has taken C. took D. was taking 48. That piece of music sounds quite familiar. Who _____ the piano upstairs? (11 重庆) A. has played B. played C. plays D. is playing 49. Maybe if I _____ science, and not literature then, I would be able to give you more help. (11 北京) 50. A. studied B. would study C. had studied D. was studying – Bob has gone to California. – Oh, can you tell me when he _____? (11 北京) A. has left B. left C. is leaving D. would leave Look at the pride on Tom‘s face. He _____ to have been praised by the manager just now. (11 重庆) A. seemed B. seems C. had seemed D. is seeming Last month, the Japanese government expressed their thanks for the aid they _____ from China. (11 福建) A. receive B. are receiving C. have received D. had received – Pity you missed the lecture on nuclear pollution. – I _____ it, but I was busy preparing for a job interview. (11 福建) A. attended B. had attended C. would attend D. would have attended – Joan, what _____ in your hand? – Look! It‘s a birthday gift for my grandma. (11 湖南) A. had you held B. are you holding C. do you hold D. will you hold
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51.

52.

53.

54.

14

(六)动词的时态和语态

55. In 1492, Columbus _____ on one of the Bahama Islands, but he mistook it for an island off India. (11 湖南) A. lands B. landed C. has landed D. had landed 56. It is the most instructive lecture that I _____ since I came to this school. (11 湖南) A. attended B. had attended C. am attending D. have attended (11 湖南) 57. In the near future, more advances in the robot technology _____ by scientists.

A. are making B. are made C. will make D. will be made 58. – I hear you _____ in a pub. What‘s it like? – Well, it‘s very hard work and I‘m always tired, but I don‘t mind. (11 江苏) A. are working B. will work C. were working D. will be working 59. The fact that so many people still smoke in public places _____ that we may need a nationwide campaign to raise awareness of the risks of smoking. (11 江苏) A. suggest B. suggests C. suggested D. suggesting 60. – Tommy is planning to buy a car. – I know. By next month, he _____ enough for a used one. (11 江苏) A. saves B. saved C. will save D. will have saved 61. We _____ John‘s name on the race list yesterday but for his recent injury. (11 江西) A. will put B. will have put C. would put D. would have put 62. We arrived at work in the morning and found that somebody _____ into the office during the night. (11 江西) A. broke B. had broken C. has broken D. was breaking 63. When I got on the bus, I _____ I had left my wallet at home. (11 山东) A. was realizing B. realized C. have realized D. would realize 64. She was surprised to find the fridge empty; the children _____ everything! (11 山东) A. had been eating B. had eaten C. have eaten D. have been eating (11 陕西) D. has received (11 陕西) D. hadn‘t gone (11 四川) D. had been treated (11 四川) D. had suggested (11 天津) D. are being produced (11 天津) D. will have been (11 天津) 65. His first novel _____ good reviews since it came out last month. A. receives B. is receiving C. will receive 66. I _____ through that bitter period without your generous help. A. couldn‘t have gone B. didn‘t go 67. All visitors to this village _____ with kindness. C. wouldn‘t go

A. treat B. are treated C. are treating 68. – What a mistake! – Yes. I _____ his doing it another way, but without success. A. was suggesting B. will suggest C. would suggest 69. In the last few years thousands of films _____ all over the world. A. have produced B. have been produced C. are producing 70. On her next birthday, Ann _____ married for twenty years. A. is B. has been C. will be 71. I _____ sooner but I didn‘t know that they were waiting for me.

A. had come B. was coming C. would come D. would have come 72. The manager was worried about the press conference his assistant _____ in his place but, luckily, everything was going on smoothly. (11 浙江) A. gave B. gives C. was giving D. had given 73. I‘ll go to the library as soon as I finish what I _____. (11 辽宁) A. was doing B. am doing C. have done D. had been doing 74. By the time Jack returned home from England, his son _____ from college. (11 辽宁) A. graduated B. has graduated C. had been graduating D. had graduated
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1

(七)情态动词及虚拟语气 (初步)

(七) 情态动词及虚拟语气( 初步 )
说明: 虚拟语气现已不作为上海高考选择题测试内容,仅作理解要求。但它仍为英语语法中较为重要的内容,故 配有相应习题,供选用。希望考生能基本了解虚拟语气

? 1. 2.

考点归纳 基本情态(助)动词: can / could, may / might, must, shall, should / ought to, will / would (表意愿) 常见情态动词的区分: ? can / be able to: ①前者表示固有能力,后者表示努力后获得的能力;②过去时态,前者 表示具有能力做(但不一定做),后者仅表示过去做且已成功;③时态上,前者只能变为 could,后者有多种时态选择 ? must / have to: 前者指主观意见,后者指客观需要 ? would / used to: 都表示过去经常重复的动作,但前者只能用于表示过去习惯性动作,而 不能表示过去的状态,而后者皆可;后者一般不能与表确定时间段的时间状语并存 ? dare / need: 两个词都兼作实义动词与情态动词[语法上称其为边际情态助动词(Marginal Modal Auxiliary)];参照其他只能做情态动词的词的搭配,区分 dare / need 是何种动词(如 can do sth. / can‘t do sth.);一般肯定句中,两者只能作及物动词;作实义动词时两者均后 接带 to 的不定式;特殊地,dare 作实义动词时可省略 to;dare 的否定形式为 daren‘t ? mustn’t / needn’t: 两者均为 must 的否定形式,前者表示不许,后者表示不必 ? needn’t have done / didn’t need to: 前者表示没必要做但已做完, 后者表示没必要做且未做

3.

特殊情态动词的用法: ? modal verbs + v. -ing: 对于正在进行(或将来)的事表示揣测,解释为“应当正在”“想必 、 正在”等,如 e.g. The child can’t be telling the truth. It must be snowing. He might still be sleeping. ? shall: 用于征求允诺;用于法律法规的允诺、要求、命令(表示说话人的强烈意志、决心) ? should: 表示应该;抒发诸如惊奇、不满等情绪

4.

情态动词表“推测”: Uncertain— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — →Certain might may could can should ought to would will must ? 表推测时,can 不用于肯定句,may 不用于疑问句,即“may 不疑,can 不肯” ,但 could 没有这一限制 ? must 用于肯定句;表示一定不,改用 can‘t 而非 mustn‘t;must 很少用于推测将来情况 ? can 在疑问句中表示“可能,会” ,couldn‘t 表示否定推测 ? 可能性由小到大依次为:

5.

modal auxiliary + have done: can‘t / couldn‘t have done 过去不可能 must have done 过去必然发生 may / might have done 过去可能发生却未发生 ought to / should have done 过去应该做却未做 could have done 过去可以完成却未完成(委婉、遗憾) (needn‘t 见上)

6.

涉及情态动词的一些词组: may well / might (may) as well = had better / would like (love / care) to do / should like (love) to do / would rather … than / could you please do sth.? / can‘t help but do / can‘t be too / be to have done = should have done

7.

if 引导的非真实条件状语从句: 注意①去掉 if 倒装;②主从句时态可不一致 if 从句 主句 would / should / might / could + v. 一般时 v.-ed / were would have v.-ed 过去时 had v.-ed 将来时 v.-ed / were to v. / should + v. would + v. wish / as if 表示与真实相反 表示“建议”“命令”“愿望”“要求”的 a. / v.

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