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2014届高考英语《完形填空》复习方案二轮权威课件(广东省专用):专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空


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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

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专 题 导 读

专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空 夹叙夹议的文章是高考完形填空中最有难度的,也是
最热点的一类体裁。所选文章语言地道、寓意深刻、可读 性强。此类完形填空一般有以下三种结构特点:(1)事例

— —观点。先叙述作者自己亲身经历或所见所闻的一件事情, 然后针对这件事情发表自己对生活的看法,或揭示生活的 真理。(2)观点——事例。先提出一种观点或看法,然后围 绕这一观点或看法用具体的事例来说明,一般是一个事例, 有时也会用几个事例从不同的角度加以说明。(3)观点—— 事例——观点。提出一种观点或看法,然后用事例说明, 最后再进一步阐述或总结自己的观点。解题时,要做到: (1)读好短文首句,琢磨文章内容。完形填空的首句一般不 设空,是完整的一句话,信息就从这里开始,暗示
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专 题 导 读

专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空 或告诉读者下文将会说什么。正确地利用首句信息对于把
握文章。大意是极其重要和有效的。(2)感受文体风格,领 会作者意图。文章的写作风格往往能表现出作者的思想倾 向和情感态度,因此分析作者是否一直用某种态度叙述某 件事情,就能正确把握反映作者思想情感的关键词。

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

[2013· 山东卷改编] 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给 的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项。 I used to be a very selfcentred person, but in the past two years I have really changed. I have started to think about other people before I think about myself. I am happy that I am becoming a __1__ person. I think my change started when I was at Palomar College. At first, I just wanted to get my __2__ and be left alone. I thought I was smarter than everyone else, so I hardly ever __3__ to anyone in my classes. By the end of my first semester, I was really __4__. It seemed as if everyone
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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

but me had made friends and was having fun. So I tried a(n) __5__. I started asking people around me how they were doing, and if they were having trouble, I __6__ to help. That was really a big __7__ for me. By the end of the year, I had several new friends, and two of them are still my best friends today. A bigger cause of my new __8__, however, came when I took a parttime job at Vista Nursing Home. One old lady there who had Alzheimer's disease became my __9__. Every time I came into her room, she was so __10__ because she thought I was her daughter. Her real daughter never __11__ her, so I took her place. She let me see that
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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

making others feel good made me feel good, too. When she died, I was __12__, but I was also very grateful to her. I think I am a much __13__ person today than I used to be, and I hope I will not forget these experiences. They have __14__ me to care about other people more than about myself. I __15__ who I am today, and I could not say that a few years ago.

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

1.A.famous B.simple C.different D.skilled 2.A.balance B.homework C.degree D.interest 3.A.talked B.wrote C.lied D.reported 4.A.careful B.lonely C.curious D.guilty 5.A.argument B.Game C.experiment D.defence

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

6.A.dared C.hesitated 7.A.dream C.duty 8.A.attitude C.hope 9.A.friend C.guide 10.A.polite C.strange

B.offered D.Happened B.problem D.step B.hobby D.luck B.partner D.guest B.happy D.confident

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

11.A.bothered C.visited 12.A.homeless C.badtempered 13.A.quieter C.better 14.A.forced C.ordered 15.A.miss C.wonder

B.answered D.trusted B.heartbroken D.hopeless B.busier D.richer B.preferred D.taught B.like D.expect

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

【要点综述】本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。作者原来 是一个以自我为中心的人,在上大学时和在私人疗养 院做兼职的经历,让作者有了很大的改变,并从中悟 出一定的道理:给别人带来快乐,自己也快乐。 1.C 考查形容词辨析。作者正变为一个不同于以前 的人,他对自己的改变感到高兴。famous著名的; simple简单的;different不同的;skilled有技能的。 2.C 考查名词辨析及语境理解。作者在大学上学时, 想的只是拿学位。degree“学位”,符合语境。 3.A 考查动词辨析。下文提到他很孤独,没有交朋 友,这是作者不与同学交流的结果。talk to…“与…… 谈话”,符合语境。write to…给……写信;lie to… 向……撒谎。
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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

4.B 考查形容词辨析。上一句提到“从不与同学交 流”,所以就感到孤独。lonely“孤独的”,符合语境。 careful仔细的;curious好奇的;guilty有罪的。。 5.C 考查名词辨析。前面提到作者不与同学交流, 感到孤独,同学们都交了朋友并且玩得很开心,再结 合下文的“I started asking people around me how they were doing…”可知作者也开始进行尝试,要改变自己。 experiment的意思是“尝试,实验”,在这里是“尝 试”的意思。 6.B 考查动词辨析。如果别人有困难,作者就主动 帮助。offer to do…“主动做……”,符合语境。dare to do…敢做……;hesitate to do…犹豫做……;happen to do…碰巧做……。
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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

7.D 考查名词辨析及语境理解。上文提到作者主动 帮助别人,这对作者来说是一大进步。dream梦想; problem问题;duty职责;step步,步伐。这里指作者 的进步,作者的改变。 8.A 考查名词辨析及语境理解。作者从不与别人交 流、没有朋友到主动帮助别人并交上了朋友,这是他 对生活的态度的改变。attitude“态度”,符合语境。 hobby爱好;hope希望;luck运气。 9.A 考查语境。从下文的“Every time I came into her room,she was so…because she thought I was her daughter.” 可 知 , 作 者 成 了 这 位 老 太 太 的 朋 友 。 partner搭档;guide向导;guest 客人。此三项均不符 合语境。
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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

10.B 考查形容词辨析及语境理解。从下文的 “…because she thought I was her daughter.”可知,老 太太认为是见到自己的女儿(把作者当成自己的女儿), 所以很高兴。 11.C 考查动词辨析及语境理解。上文提到老太太把 作者当作自己的女儿,很开心,但是她的女儿从来不 来看她。根据句中的never和“…so I took her place.” 可知答案。bother烦扰;answer回答;visit看望,拜访; trust相信。 12.B 考查形容词辨析及语境理解。老太太的去世 对 作 者 的 打 击 很 大 。 homeless 无 家 可 归 的 ; heartbroken 悲 伤 的 ; badtempered 坏 脾 气 的 ; hopeless无望的。
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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

典 例 导 练

13.C 考查形容词辨析及语境理解。由空格后内容 可知,作者把自己与过去比,认为自己现在变好了, 故用better。 14.D 考查动词辨析。是这些经历教会了作者更多 地去关心别人而不是自己。force强迫;prefer更喜欢; order命令;teach教。 15.B 考查动词辨析。作者的改变使自己感到很满 意,所以喜欢现在这个样子,但是在几年前作者是不 会这样说的。like“喜欢”,符合语境。

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

After spending a weekend away with my adult son, I was so impressed by his generous heart that I sent him this letter. My dear son, I want to thank you for teaching me a very valuable lesson in life by the great example you __1__.When we were eating at that cafe in Bondi and a person who had __2__ his hamburger didn't have enough money to pay for it, without any __3__, you went over and put the __4__ $2 into his hand.

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

When we were leaving, you __5__ threw a fivecent coin onto the pavement and said something like,“Some kid will really enjoy __6__ this.” Last week, a young man __7__ me in the line at a petrol station didn't have enough money to pay for his petrol.I asked the money collector,“How much __8__ is he?” She told me he had meant to put $15 of petrol in his car but he had been looking at the wrong gauge(计量表) and had put in 15 __9__,which came to just over __10__.

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

That is an easy mistake __11__ both gauges run fast. Something made me think of you and __12__ you did that night at the cafe in Bondi.I handed the man $6.He was so __13__ and said,“But why would you do this for me?”I just smiled as I thought of you. Thank you for teaching me that “it's __14__ to give than receive”.Now when I see a fivecent coin on the __15__ and want to pick it up, I think of you and leave it there, just in case some kid will get a kick out of finding it. Dad

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

1.A.followed C.set 2.A.ordered C.offered 3.A.hesitation C.permission 4.A.other C.extra 5.A.again C.only

B.gave D.took B.booked D.bought B.doubt D.difficulty B.last D.rest B.already D.also

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

6.A.finding C.looking for 7.A.behind C.ahead of 8.A.far C.short 9.A.litres C.pounds 10.A.$15 C.$25

B.accepting D.pointing at B.beyond D.next to B.long D.high B.kilograms D.kilometres B.$20 D.$30

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

11.A.until C.although 12.A.what C.whatever 13.A.excited C.interested 14.A.easier C.faster 15.A.corner C.ground

B.as D.Unless B.which D.whichever B.surprised D.encouraged B.better D.worse B.way D.carpet

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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

【要点综述】一位父亲在和儿子进餐时,儿子的一次 善举给父亲留下了深刻的印象。在后来的一次加油中, 父亲又想到了儿子的善举,并出手给予了别人帮助。 1.C set an example to/for sb给某人树立榜样。 2.A 那个顾客是点餐时钱不够了。order表示当时点 餐。book表示提前预订;offer主动提供;buy购买。 3.A 表示作者的儿子在掏钱时“毫不犹豫”,积极 地去帮助别人。 4.C 给那位顾客额外的2美元。 5.D again再次;already已经;only仅仅;also也。 6.A 表示意外发现的结果,不是有意寻找的过程, 不能用look for。
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专题二 夹叙夹议型完形填空

新 题 预 测

7.C 表示排队站在作者前面加油的那位顾客。 8.C 作者问收款员,这位顾客差多少钱。short在这 里表示“不足,缺”。 9.A 油是用升计量的。故选A。 10.B 由下文“I handed the man $ 6.”可知选B。 11.B 因为这两个计量表跑得都很快,所以很容易犯 这种简单的错误。 12.A 宾语从句中what作did的宾语。 13.B 有人主动给自己付款,当然感到非常惊讶。 14.B 15.C 看到地面上有硬币想捡起时,就会想到你了。

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备用习题
When I was a teenager, my dad did everything he could to advise me against becoming a brewer(酿酒人). He'd __1__ his life brewing beer for local breweries only to make a living, so had his father and grandfather before him. He didn't want me __2__ near a vat(酿酒用的桶)of beer. So I did as he asked. I got good grades, went to Harvard and in 1971 was accepted into a graduate program there that __3__ me to study law and business at the same time.

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备用习题
In my second year of grade school, I began to realize that I'd __4__ done anything but go to school. So, at 24 I decided to drop out. __5__, my parents didn't think this was a great idea. But I felt strongly that you can't __6__ till you're 65 to do what you want in life. I packed my stuff into a bus and headed to Colorado to become an instructor at Outward Bound. Three years later, I was ready to go back to__7__. I finished Harvard and got a highly paid job at the Boston Consulting Group. Still, after working there five years, I __8__. Is this what I want to be doing when I'm 50? At that time, Americans paid __9__ money of beer in low quality. Why not make good beer for __10__?I thought.
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备用习题
I decided to give up my job to become a brewer. When I told dad, he was __11__, but in the end he __12__ me. I called my beer Samuel Adams, after the brewer and patriot(爱国者)who helped to start the Boston Tea party. __13__ I sold the beer directly to beer drinker to get __14__ out. Six weeks later, at the Great American Beer Festival, Samuel Adams Boston Lager(淡啤酒)won the top prize for American beer. In the end I was destined(注定)to be a brewer. My __15__ to the young is simple: life is very long, so don't rush to make decisions. Life doesn't let you plan.
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备用习题
1.A.cost C.taken 2.A.anywhere C.where 3.A.promised C.advised 4.A.never C.always 5.A.Fortunately C.Possibly B.spent D.paid B.nowhere D.somewhere B.made D.allowed B.ever D.Hardly B.Obviously D.Properly

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备用习题
6.A.expect C.stop 7.A.school C.my home 8.A.realized C.wondered 9.A.less C.good 10.A.Englishmen C.the world B.think D.wait B.Colorado D.my decision B.asked D.knew B.little D.lot B.Europeans D.Americans

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备用习题
11.A.surprised C.interested 12.A.hated C.raised 13.A.Therefore C.Also 14.A.them C.tea 15.A.advice C.job B.satisfied D.anxious B.supported D.left B.Otherwise D.Yet B.the word D.the party B.life D.experience

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备用习题
[解析] 1.B spend time doing sth是固定搭配。 2.A not…anywhere=nowhere。 3.D 学校允许“我”同时学习法律和商业。allow sb to do sth“允许某人做某事”。 4.A never…anything=nothing。 5.B “我”想退学,“显然”父母不会同意,其 他不 合题意。 6.D 7.A 下文finish Harvard提供了回来学习的信息, 因而为go back to school。 返回目录

备用习题
8.C 这句话是作者对上一结论有疑惑不明白,而 不是提出问题。ask后面的问句应加引号。 9.C 本句意思是啤酒很贵,因而A、B不合适,D 项应为a lot of。故选C。 10.D 上文提到Americans高价买质量不好的啤 酒,因而本句应是为Americans制造啤酒。 11.A 当告诉父亲时,他对“我”的想法不是很 “满 意” 或“感兴趣”,而是“惊讶”。 12.B but表转折。表明最后他同意和支持“我”。 故 选B。
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备用习题
13.C also而且。作者首先给他的啤酒起了一个好名 字,同时又直销给喝酒人。 14.B 把“酒的名字”传出去,使这一“word”有 了名 气。 15.A advice忠告,劝告,建议。

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