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一、人称代词 我 我们 主格 宾格 主格 宾格 主格 你,你们 她 他 他们 它 宾格 主格 宾格 主格 宾格 主格 宾格 主格 宾格 I me we us you You she her He him they Them It It I am a teacher. She likes me. We are Chinese. Parents love us. You are a student. I like you. You are students

I love you.

She is very beautiful. You can help her. He is my friend. We don?t like him. They are in London. You can help them for the English. It is a dog. I don?t like it.

二、物主代词 形容词性 名词性 形容词性 名词性 你的 你们的 他的 她的 他们的 形容词性 名词性 形容词性 名词性 形容词性 名词性 形容词性 名词性 形容词性 名词性 My Mine Our Ours Your Yours Your Yours His His her hers Their Theirs My bag is red. This is not your book, it is mine. This is our school. Are these your pencils? Yes, they are ours. Your book is in the classroom. This is my pen, I think yours is on the table. Your books are in the classroom. He likes my pen. He doesn?t like yours. His father is a worker. The big company is his. Her father is a worker. The big company is hers. They don?t know their teacher has left. Mr.li is not our teacher, it is theirs.

我的 我们的

三、指示代词 单数 复数 This that these those This is my mother. That is your teacher. These are sweets. Those are cakes 这事儿就该这样做。

1、指示代词的句法功能; a. 作主语:This is the way to do it. b. 作宾语:I like this better than that.我喜欢这个甚至那个。 c. 作主语补语:My point is this.我的观点就是如此。 d. 作介词宾语 I don't say no to that. 我并未拒绝那个。 2、特殊情况 说明 1:指示代词在作主语时可指物也可指人,但作其他句子成分时只能指物,不能指人,例如: 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 第 1 页 共 10 页

(对)That is my teacher. 那是我的老师。 that 作主语,指人) ( 他要和这个姑娘结婚。 (this 作限定词) (this 作宾语时不能指人)

(对)He is going to marry this girl. (错)He is going to marry this. (对)I bought this.

我买这个。(this 指物,可作宾语) 他赞赏外表漂亮的东西。

说明 2:That 和 those 可作定语从句的先行词,但 this 和 these 不能,同时,在作先行词时,只有 those 可指人,试比较: (对) He admired that which looked beautiful. (错) He admired that who danced well. (对) He admired those who danced well. (对) He admired those who looked beautiful. 他赞赏那些外表漂亮的人。 (those 指人) (that 作宾语时不能指人) 他赞赏跳舞好的人。 (those 指人)

(对) He admired those which looked beautiful. 他赞赏那些外表漂亮的东西。 (those 指物) 四、不定代词 some “一些”后接可数复数名词和不可数名词 (一般用于肯定句), 用于“提建议或请求”时,可用于疑问句 There are some big apples in the box. There is some water in the bottle. Would you like some tea ? some 和 any 修饰可数名词单数时,some 表示某个,any 表示任何一个。 I have read this article in some magazine. Please correct the mistakes, if any. one 代表单数可数名词 The new house is much bigger than that one. all 表示三者或三者以上的人或物 Copper and silver are both metals. 铜和银都是金属。 欢 Ms 这个词。 either 用于指两者,意为“两者之一”、“任意一方”。 There are trees on either side (=on both sides). ones 代表复数可数名词 These books aren?t new, let me give you those ones. Both 只能表示两者 Not all women like the word Ms. 并非所有的女性都喜 There aren?t any persons in the room. Any “ 一些”,用在疑问句与否定句,用于“任何”时, 可用于肯定 句

neither 用于指两者,意为“两者都不” Neither of us enjoy getting up early.

other, 泛指 表示“其他的”或者“另一些” 是形容词 后面加名词 单数、复数 some children like apples, other children like bananas.

others 泛指 表示的意思是“不具体 的某些东西,单独使用 复数 Don?t cut in when others are talking.

the other 特指 表示范围内的另一个(范围内 一共两个),修饰名词 单数、复数 we have two hands. one is on the left, the other is on the right.

the others 特指 表示范围内的另一些 (范围总数通 常多于两个),单独使用 复数 Only Jim was there. The others had left.

another 指三个以上的另外的一个,表泛指。后面加可数名词单数,也可以不加名词直接使用。 【例】I have eaten an apple, but I still want another(apple). 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 第 2 页 共 10 页

few 形式上肯定,意义上是否定,其意为“很少”、“几乎没有” a few 表示肯定意义,其意为“几个”、“一些”。

两者都必须修饰或代替复数可数名词,在句子中可用作主语、宾语、定语等。 Few apples remained on the tree. 树上没什么苹果了。 A few apples remained on the tree. 树上还剩有几个苹果。

little 形式上肯定而意义上是否定,其意为“很少”、“几乎没有”

a little 表示肯定意义,其意为“一些”、“一点”。

两者均只用于修饰不可数名词,在句子中可做主语、宾语、定语及状语等 I have little spare time. 我很少有空余时间。 We know little about his life. 我们对他的生活几乎一无所知。 肯定 All 意为“全部”,用于三者或三者以上,谓语动词用复数, all of 接复数。 Both“两者都”,用于两者,谓语动词复数 Neither,表示“两个中任何一个都不是”,谓语动词用单数 Either 表示“两个人或物中的任何一个”,谓语动词用单数,either…or…用就近原则 Every 强调全体概念, ,每一个,三者以上的每一个,谓语动词用 单数 Every student in our school works hard. 很用功。 every 与 not 连用,表示部分否定 Every man is not honest. 并非每个人都诚实。 anyone 仅指人 No one 单独使用,只指人。 no one 作主语谓语动词只能是单数 ---- Did any one call me up just now? 吗?---- No one. Somebody(某人) Someone(某人) Something(某事) 注意: ① 当句子的主语是指人的复合不定代词时,反意疑问句的主语通常用 they,当句子的主语是指物的不定代词时,反意疑问句的主语要 用 it 【例】 everybody is here, aren?t they? ② 不定代词+形容词 【例】 He has something important to tell us. everything is ready, isn?t it? --刚才有人打电话给我 --没有。 Anybody(某人/任何人) Anyone(某人/任何人) Anything(某事/任何事) Nobody(没有人) No one(没有人) Nothing(没有东西) Everybody(每人) Everyone(每人) Everything(任何事) each 和 not 连用表示全部否定。 Each man is not honest. Any one 既可指人,也可指物 none 后跟 of 短语,既可指人又可指物 none 作主语,谓语动词用单,复数均可 None of you could lift it. 你们中没有人可举起它。 这儿每个人都不诚实。 我们学校的学生都 Each 强调个体概念,“每一个“,二者中的每一个,谓语动词用单 数 Each student may have one book.. 每个学生都可有一本书。 I have a little spare time. 我有一点点空余时间。 We know a little about his life. 我们对他的生活知道一点点。 否定 None“没有一个”,谓语动词为单数或复数,none of 接单数。

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五、反身代词:表示动作行为反射到动作执行者本身,在剧中起到强调的作用。 第一人称 单数 复数 Myself ourselves 第二人称 yourself yourselves 第三人称 Himself/herself/itself themselves

① 在句中用作同位语(加强被修饰词的语气,紧放在被修饰词后或句末) 【例】 you should come here yourself. The thing itself is not important. I went to the cinema myself. You can go and ask john himself. ② 用作宾语(动词或介词的宾语) 【例】 we enjoyed ourselves very much last night. Help yourself to some fish. She learnt swimming all by herself. ③ 作表语 【例】 I am not myself today. 六、相互代词 1、相互代词只有 each other 和 one another 两个词组。他们表示句中动词所叙述的动作或感觉在涉及的各个对象之间是相互存在的,例 如: It is easy to see that the people of different cultures have always copied each other.显而易见,不同文化的人总是相互借鉴的。 2、相互代词的句法功能: a. 作动词宾语;People should love one another. 人们应当彼此相爱。 b. 可作介词宾语;Does bark, cocks crow, frogs croak to each other. 吠、鸡鸣、蛙儿对唱。 c. 相互代词可加-'s 构成所有格,例如:The students borrowed each other's notes.学生们互借笔记。 九、代词 it 1、 指代前面提到过的事物。 【例】 :the book on the desk is not mine, it is jim?s. 2、 代替指示代词 this 或 that。 例:what is that? it is a pencil. 3、 指代婴儿或身份不明的人。例:someone is knocking the door, please go and see who it is. 4、 指代季节或时间。例:it is ten o?clock. 5、 指代天气。例:it is sunny. 6、 指代距离。例: how far is it from your school to your home? 7、 用作形式主语的句型 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ it is +形容词 + for sb. to do sth 例:it is important for us to work hard. it time to do sth/it is time for 例:it is time to get up. it is time for lunch. it seems that……看起来好像 it ?s one?s turn to do 轮到某人做…… it is +形容词+that 从句 例:it is impossible that he came to Beijing.

8、 用作形式宾语。例:do you think it necessary to learn to wait in line? 9、 引导强调句。例:it is our hope that our city will become more and more beautiful. 十、高考陷阱题分析 1. _____ with any common sense can tell the difference between the two. A. Who 【陷阱】容易误选 B。 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 第 4 页 共 10 页 B. Whoever C. Anyone D. Who ever

【分析】最佳答案为 C。有的同学误选 B 主要是因为受以下这类句子的影响: Whoever comes will be welcome. 任何人来都欢迎。 Whoever wants the book may have it. 任何人要这书都可拿去。 Whoever gets the job will have a lot of work. 谁要是得到这份工作就有很多事要做。 以上三句中 whoever 引导的均为主语从句, 其中的 whoever 均可换成 anyone who, 但是不能换成 anyone。 以上试题从表面上看, 与以上各例很相似,其实它们有本质的不同,即 _____ with any common sense 中没有谓语动词,所以我们不能选 whoever。此题的正 确答案为 C,anyone 为句子主语,with any common sense 为修饰 anyone 的定语。现将此题稍作改动如下,答案选 B: _______ has any common sense can tell the difference between the two. A. Who C. Anyone A. like, want 一个”。 【分析】事实上,此题应选 C。因为按英语习惯,every 后接两个并列的单数名词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数,即第一空填 likes; 而第二空要填复数动词 want,是因为其前的主语是 they 而不是 each(each 为主语的同位语) 。 3. Everyone knows that Canada is larger than _____ country in Asia. A. any B. any other C. other D. another 【陷阱】容易误选 B。选择的依据是以下大家熟悉的句型(其中的 other 不可省略): He is taller than any other student in our class. 他是我们班最高的。 English is more widely used in international intercourse than any other language today. 现今英语在国际交往中比其他任何语言用得都广。 【分析】但是上面一题与这类句子有所不同。这类句型到底该不该加 other,主要应看所谈论的对象是否在比较的范围之内:若在范围 之内,则用 other (以排除自己与自己比较);若不在范围之内,则不用 other。比较下面一题: China is larger than _____ country in Asia. A. any B. any other C. other D. another 此题应选 B,因为 China 在 Asia 的范围之内。假若选 A,则表示“中国比亚洲的任何国家都大”,而中国本身也是亚洲国家,由 此则得出“中国比中国大”的荒谬结论。而选 B,则表示“中国比亚洲任何其他国家要大”,这才合乎事实。 4. “What do you think of them?” “I don?t know _____ is better, so I?ve taken _____ of them.” A. what, both 【陷阱】几个干扰均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案为 C。做好此题的关键是要注意句中的 better 一词,由于 better 用的是比较级,说明比较的对象应是两者,由此可 推知第二空应填 both;另一方面,由于所谈论的是两者,说明选择范围比较窄、比较明确,所以第一空应填 which。 5. “Would you like a cup of coffee or a glass of beer?” “____ will do, but milk is _____ popular with me.” A. Neither, not 指两者比较)。 【分析】 做对此题的关键是要注意到下文提到的 milk 既不是 coffee 也不是 beer, 而是除这两者外的第三者, 故第二空应填 the most, 即此题最佳答案为 C。 6. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _____ it was? A. where 这很重要吗?”请看类似试题: (1) “Who told you?” “Oh, somebody or other, I?ve forgotten _____.” A. what C. which B. when D. who B. what C. how D. which 此题答案选 D,主要与上文的 some book or other (某一本书)这一语境有关,全句句意为:“我在某一本书上读到过它,是哪一本书 B. Both, more C. Either, the most D. All, the most 【陷阱】很容易误选 B,因为前文提到 coffee 和 beer 为两者,所以有的同学就认为应选 both 和 more 与之对应(more 为比较级, B. what, none C. which, both C. which, none B. Whoever D. Who ever B. likes, wants C. likes, want D. like, wants

2. The dictionary is really useful. Every boy and girl _____ it and they each _____ to buy one. 【陷阱】容易误选 D。认为前面一空填复数动词,因为其主语是 boy and girl,为复数;第二空填单数动词,因为其前有 each,表示“每

此题最佳答案为 D。句意为:“谁告诉你的?”“噢,有个人,我忘记是哪一个了。” (2) Some of the students were late for the meeting, but I can?t remember _____. A. what C. which 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 B. when D. whom 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 第 5 页 共 10 页

此题最佳答案为 C。句意为“有些学生开会迟到了,但我不记得是哪些学生了”。 7. These trousers are dirty and wet — I?ll change into my _____. A. another 【陷阱】容易误选 A、B。 【分析】最佳答案为 C。是从语法上看,another 后通常接单数名词,而不接 trousers 这样的复数名词(若用 another pair 则可以) ;也 不能选 trousers 是因为填它句子意思不通。最佳答案应选 C,others 相当于 other trousers,其中的 other 与前面的 these 相对照。 8. Her lecture was hard to follow because she kept jumping from one subject to _____. A. other B. the other C. the others D. another 【陷阱】容易误选 B。选择依据可能是 one … the other …这一常用结构。 【分析】最佳答案为 D。使用 one … the other … 时,我们通常是针对两者而言的,即指“两者中的一个……,另一个……”;如果所谈 论的情况不是针对两者而言的, 而是针对多者而言的, 那么我们就不宜在 one 后使用 the other, 而考虑用 another。 又如(答案均选 D, 即选 another): (1) Those cakes look delicious. Could I have _____ one? A. other C. the others A. other C. the others (3) Saying is one thing and doing is _____. A. other C. the others 比较以下各例: (1) Shut ____ eye, Jim. A. another C. other (2) It?s sometimes hard to tell one twin from _____. A. another C. other B. some other D. the other B. some other D. the other B. the other D. another B. the other D. another B. the other D. another B. trousers C. others D. other

(2) I have many such novels. I?ll bring _____ tomorrow.

答案选 D,因为人的眼睛只有两只,故用 one … the other … 结构。

答案选 D,twin 意为“孪生子之一”、“双胞胎之一”,即指两者之一,故用 one … the other … 这一结构。 9. There are four bedrooms, ______ with its own bathroom. A. all B. each C. every D. either 此题容易误选 A,认为既然前面出现了 four bedrooms,故填 all 与之对应。其实,此题的最佳答案应为 B,原因是空格后的隐藏 信息 its,它表示空格处应填一个单数代词,但是不能选 C,因为 every 不能这样单独使用。 10. “It?s said that he is a wise leader.” “Oh, no, he is _____ but a wise leader.” A. anything B. anyone C. anybody D. anywhere 【陷阱】容易误选 B、C。因为句子主语指人,似乎只有 B、C 才与之一致。 【分析】其实,正确答案应选 A。因为 anything but 是习语,意为“根本不是”或“一点也不”,不仅可用于事物,也可用于人。如: I?ll do anything but that. 我绝不会干那种事。 The party was anything but a success. 晚会根本不成功。 Her father was anything but a poet. 她父亲根本不是诗人。 Such a man was anything but a hero. 那样的人绝不算英雄。 11. Tell _______ you like — it makes no difference to me. A. anyone 【陷阱】容易从中文字面来理解而误选 A 或 B。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。但若将 A, B 两项合起来,即用 anyone who 这样的形式则也可以。选 C,whoever 引导一个宾语从句,用作 动词 tell 的宾语。同样地,请看以下类似试题: (1) _____ comes is welcome. A. Anyone 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 B. Who 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 第 6 页 共 10 页 B. who C. whoever D. what

C. Anyone who D. Everyone

此题很容易误选 A,因为从汉语意思来分析,可理解为“任何人来都欢迎”,但若选 A,此句的结构是混乱的,句中有两个谓语动 词 comes 和 is,但却只是一个句子。此题应选 C,anyone 是句子主语,who comes 是修饰 anyone 的定语从句。 (2) _____ comes to see me, tell him I?m out. A. Anyone C. Whoever B. Who D. Everyone

此题很容易按汉语意思误选 A,其实应选 C。whoever 引导的是让步状语从句,相当于 no matter who。 (3) Sarah hopes to become a friend of _____ shares her interests. A. anyone C. whoever B. whomever D. no matter who

此题不能选 A,假若选 A,应在其后加上 who,即用 anyone who;也不能选 B,一是因为空格处应填一个作主语的词(因为其后 有谓语动词 shares),二是因为在现代英语中 whomever 这个词已基本废除 (也就是说,在现代英语中 whoever 既用作主语,也用作 宾语,如:Give it to whoever you see in the meeting-room. 你在会议室里看见谁就把它给谁);也不能选 D,因为 no matter who 只用于 引导让步状语从句,不用于引导名词性从句。此题正确答案为 C,whoever 在此相当于 anyone who。 比较下例,答案应选 A,而不是 B、C 或 D(注意句意): It was a matter of _____ would take the position. A. who C. whom A. such, it 【陷阱】容易根据汉语字面意思误选 C。 【分析】最佳答案选 B。第一空填 that,that 用作副词,相当于 so,又如: Is it always that hot? 总那么热吗?(其中的 that hot 可以换成 so hot,但不能换成 such hot) I can only tell you that much. 我只能告诉你这么多。 (其中的 that much 可以换成 so much,但不能换成 such much) 注意第一空不能填 such,因为 such 不用作副词,即它不用于修饰形容词。 另外,汉语中说“好好想一想”,通常可以不带宾语,但英语中的 think over 是及物动词,如果用它来表示“好好想一想”,应根据上 下文的语境让它带上适当的宾语,所以本题应用 think it over,相当于 think the problem over。 13. The camera isn?t good enough; I want to change ______. A. another 【陷阱】容易根据汉语字面意思误选 A、B。 【分析】此题最佳答案为 D。英语中的 change sth 表示的是“换某物”,sth 是被换的东西,而 change sth for sth else 表示的才是“用某 物换另一物”。比较: That coat was too large and I had to change it. 那件外套太大了,我得去换一件。 That coat was too large and I had to change it for a smaller one. 那件外套太大了,我得去换一件小一点的。 14. I agree with most of what you said, but I don?t agree with ______. A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing 【陷阱】此题容易误选 B,生搬硬套不定代词用法规则:something 用于肯定句,anything 用于否定句或疑问句。 【分析】其实此题应选 A,注意前文的 I agree with most of what you said(我同意你说的大部分内容),其后的 not 与 everything 构成部 分否定,意为“不是所有的都同意”,前后两部分用转折连词 but 连接,语气通顺、连贯。请看一个类似的例子: ______ likes money, but money is not ______. A. Everyone, everything B. Anyone, anything C. Someone, nothing D. Nobody, everything 最佳答案选 A,句意为“大家都喜欢钱,但钱不是万能的”。 15. “Is there ______ here?” “No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.” A. anybody B. everybody C. somebodyD. nobody 【陷阱】此题容易误选 A。认为这是一般疑问句,要用 anybody。 【分析】其实此题应选 B,主要与上下文的语境有关。全文语境为:“大家都到齐了吗?”“没有,Bob 和 Tim 两人请假了。”假若我们 将此题作如下变换,则情形就会有所不同: “Is there ______ here?” “Yes, I?m upstairs. Please come and help me.” A. anybody 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 B. everybody C. somebodyD. nobody 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 第 7 页 共 10 页 B. a good one C. it with another D. it for another B. whoever D. whomever B. that, it C. such, 不填 D. that,不填

12. The teacher told us that the problem was not _____ easy and that we should think _____ over carefully.

此题的最佳答案应是 A,而不是 B。 请再看一例: “Do you have _____ at home now, Mary?” “No, we still have to get some fruit and tea.” A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 答案选 C,句意为“玛丽,现在家里东西都准备齐了吗?”“还没有,我们还要买些水果和茶。” 16. “If you want a necklace, I?ll buy one for you at once.” “Oh, no. A necklace is not _____ that I need most. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything 【陷阱】此题容易误选 A,机械地套用以下规则:something 用于肯定句,anything 用于否定句或疑问句。 【分析】 当然以上规则在通常情况下是有效的, 但此句不属通常用法。 此题的最佳答案应是 B, something 在此的意思不是“某种东西”, 而是指“那种东西”或“这种东西”,即心中最想要的那种东西(相当于 the thing)。同样地,下面几题的最佳答案也是 something,而不是 anything: (1) It?s not _____ that we want to talk about; let?s change the subject. A. anything A. anything A. anything (4) This is not _____ that would disturb me anyway. A. anything 17. Some say one thing, but _____. A. other, another 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 B。but others another 为 but others say another 之省略。在并列句中,若后面分句与前面分句有相同的词,常把后 一分句中的相同部分给省略掉,以避免重复。如: One soldier was killed and another wounded. 有一名士兵被打死,另一名被打伤。(wounded 前省略了 was) I work in a factory and my brother on a farm. 我在工厂工作,我弟弟在农场工作。(on a farm 前省略了 works) My room is on the second floor and his on the third. 我的房间在三楼,他的房间在四楼。 (on the third 前省略了 is) 18. He is a hard-working student, _____ who will be successful in whatever career he chooses. A. that 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】 此题答案选 C, one 相当于 a student。 类似地, 以下各题也选 one, 它们分别相当于 a table, a break, a question, a Mexican carpet, a moment: (1) A table made of steel costs more than _______ made of wood. A. one A. it (3) The question is _____ of great importance. A. that A. one A. that ◆精编陷阱题训练◆ 1. Tom?s mother always told him not to smoke again, but _____ didn?t help. A. he A. either B. it C. which D. as C. another D. the other 第 8 页 共 10 页 2. Both teams were in hard training; _____ was willing to lose the game. B. neither 3. There he pointed to _____ looked like a stone and said that?s ______ you had to carry home. 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 B. it B. it B. one C. one C. them C. it D. what D. the one D. what (4) She wants a Mexican carpet, but she can?t afford to buy ______. (5) Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, _____ I will always treasure. B. it B. that C. those D. which C. one D. this (2)“Why don?t we take a little break?” “Didn?t we just have _____?” B. he C. one D. which B. others, another C. others, the other D. the others, others B. something C. nothing D. everything B. something B. something B. something C. nothing C. nothing C. nothing D. everything D. everything D. everything (2) It?s not _____ I enjoy; I do it purely out of a sense of duty. (3) Self-control is not _____ that comes with your birth.

A. that, that A. that 5. Energy is ____ makes one work. A. what 6. Don?t go to _____ places where there is no fresh air. 7. The classroom is almost empty, where is _____? A. someone 8. I?m afraid we can?t have coffee; there?s _____ left. A. nothing A. It, that A. that 11. _____ of you comes first will get the ticket. A. Which 12. His income is double _____ it was five years ago. 13. If you want a friend, you?ll find _____ in me. 14. Oh, how beautiful it is! I like _____ better. A. whose else?s A. Anyone A. whomever A. none A. Neither A. either A. either A. one A. him ◆答案与解析◆ 1. 选 B,it 指前面提到的情况。由于句中用了并列连词 but,所以不能选 C。当然,若去掉空格前的 but,则可选 C。 3. 选 B,因是 both teams,即谈论的是两者,因此可锁定 A 和 B;从语境上看,应选 B,即双方都不愿输。 3. 选 B。即两空均填 what,第一个 what 相当于 something that;第二个 what 相当于 the thing that。 4. 选 C,what 在句中用作动词 read 的宾语。 5. 选 A,what 相当于 something that。 6. 选 C, 但容易误选 A。 按英语习惯, such 修饰的名词后跟定语从句时, 受 引导定语从句的关系词一般只能是 as, 而不能是 that, which, who, where 等。如:Such women as knew him thought he was charming. 认识他的女人都认为他很有魅力。此句中的 as 就不能换 成 that 或 who,若要使用 that 或 who,则需将 such 换掉,如说成 Those women who knew Tom thought he was charming. 7. 选 C,句意为“教室几乎是空的,大家都到哪里去了?” 8. 选 B,nothing 指“什么也没有”;none 指数量上的“一点(个)也没有”。注:回答 how much 和 how many 时要用 none,而不用 nothing,道理同此。 9. 选 C,what worries me 为主语从句,且 what 在主语从句中用作主语。 地址:光华南路 59 号茂名公交大厦 10 楼 电话: 0668-2282500 2282511 第 9 页 共 10 页 B. WhicheverC. Who D. Whatever A. that B. which C. as D. what D. something D. who else?s A. one B. itC. that D. him B. none C. no one D. no any 9. _____ worries me is _____ we?re going to pay for all this. B. That, howC. What, how D. As, that B. whatC. which D. how 10. He just does ______ he pleases and never thinks about anyone else. B. anyone C. everyone D. no one B. what, whatC. which, what D. as, which B. forC. what B. something A. such B. so D. 不填 C. anything D. that C. those D. which

4. I know nothing about the accident except _____ I read in the paper.

A. everything B. anything C. nothing B. who?s else B. The person B. anyone B. either B. All C. whose else

15. Do you know _______ friends are coming to our party? 16. _______ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. C. Whoever D. No matter who D. no matter who 17. Jane hopes to become a friend of _______ shares her interests. C. whoever C. all D. neither D. None D. none 18. Some friends tried to settle the quarrel between Mr and Mrs Smith without hurting the feeling of _______, but failed. 19. —Here are the best styles of the clothes. Which one do you like?— _______. They are not so nice as I expected. C. Nothing C. any C. one D. it D. some 20. Mr Ascot, headmaster of the school, refused to accept ______of the three suggestions made by the Students? Union. B. neither B. each 21. “There?s coffee and tea; you can have _______.” “Thanks.” 22. “When shall we meet again?” “Make it _______day you like; it?s all the same to me.” B. any C. another B. he C. I D. me 23. “Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.” “Why ______? John is sitting there doing nothing.”

10. 选 B。从句意推知。 11. 选 B 最佳,因 who 后通常不接表示范围的 of 短语,故不宜选 C;若选 A,则句型不对;若选 D,则语义不通。 12. 选 D,what 相当于 the amount that。 13. 选 A,one 在此相当于 a friend。 14. 选 C,I like nothing better 相当于 It?s the best thing I like。 15. 选 D。 else 可放在 who, what, where, how, why 等疑问词之后, 但习惯上不放在 which 之后, 而且在一般情况下也不用在 whose 后,遇此情况可用 who else?s,如: Who else?s fault could it be? 这会是其他什么人的错吗? 但是,若其后不修饰名词,有时也可用 whose else。如: Whose else could it be? 这会是其他什么人的吗? 16. 选 C。其余三者均不能引导主语从句。whoever 在此相当于 anyone who。 17. 选 C。whoever shares her interests 用作介词 of 的宾语,同时 whoever 又用作谓语动词 shares 的语。 18. 选 B。由于句中谈到的是 Mr and Mrs Smith,即谈的是两者,故排除选项 A 和 C,因为 none 和 all 均用于指三者。又因为空 格前有否定介词 without,故空格处填 either, 不用 neither。 19. 选 D。none 可视为 I like none of them 之省略。从下文的语境看,空格处只能填空一个表否定意义的词。据此首先排除 B; 虽然 A、C、D 均表否定意义,但 neither 与前面的 best(既然使用最高级,说明有三者或多者在作比较)不吻合;而 nothing 表示“什 么也没有”,不合语境。 20. 选 C。none 和 neither 表否定,与句中的 refused to acept 这一语境不符。在 either 与 any 两个选项中,either 指两者,与 句中的 three suggestions 不符。故只能选 any,指三者中的任意一个。 21. 选 A。比较四个选项:either 指两者中的“任意一个”,each 指两者或两者以上中的“每一个”,one 用来替代“a / an +单数可数 名词”,it 替代“the +单数名词”。 22. 选 B。根据下文的 it?s all the same to me(对我都一样)可知,选 any 最合语境。 23. 选 D。Why me? 可视为 Why do you ask me to go and join? 之省略。另外,me 还通常在简略回答中用作主语。如:Me too.(我 也一样。)

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