松江区 2015 学年度第一学期期末质量监测 高三英语一模卷
第 I 卷（共 103 分）
I. Listening Comprehension Section A（10 分） Directions: In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the
end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. A teacher. B. A nurse. C. A secretary. D. A saleswoman. 2. A. $64. B. $40. C. $32. B. It isn’t fun and exciting. D. It won a great award. B. She arrived an hour earlier than the man. D. She will treat them to some food and drinks. B. He has a headache. D. He has a toothache. C. Clean the house. D. Cook dinner. C. The actors. D. The plot. C. An insurance clerk. D. A lawyer. B. Go to the forest park. D. Climb the mountain. B. The man’s work time begins at 9:05. D. The woman doesn’t need to work. D. $80. 3. A. It makes the woman homesick. C. It’s about the woman’s childhood. 4. A. She got a ticket for the man. C. She missed the movie. 5. A. He has a bad cough. C. He doesn’t feel very well. 6. A. Press clothes. B. Wash dishes. 7. A. The set. B. The suits. 8. A. An assistant. B. A teacher. 9. A. Go to the beach. C. Stay at home. 10. A. They will have breakfast together. C. The man will be late for work.
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. More than US$2 trillion. B. More than US$20 million. C. More than US$2 million. D. More than US$20 trillion. 12. A. Cooperation for strong action against climate change. B. The construction of an oil pipeline across the country. C. The creation of 100 million jobs for women. D. The strengthening of American worldwide leadership. 13. A. Four. B. Three. C. Two. D. One. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
14. A. Persuading citizens not to buy the latest products. B. Reusing some electronic parts. C. Ending e-waste in remote areas. D. Selling e-waste to China and other Southeast Asia countries. 15. A. To save money for the government. C. To save resources. 16. A. The rapid update of phones. C. Customers wanting a discount. B. To produce more profits. D. To protect the environment. B. Company marketing strategies. D. Consumer behavior.
Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Looking for a New Job ? ? ? ? The man’s suggestions ? Having worked in the company for ___17___ years Not being given a (n) ___18___ yet Having an interview tomorrow Not being nervous as she has the ___19___ Showing that she is ___20___ and can get along well with others Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
The woman’s situation
Why hasn’t the woman seen the man in the school library? What did the man do when he got sick? What is the woman’s conclusion about the man’s situation? What are the man’s symptoms?
He ___21___ for a couple of days. He had ___22___ on a street corner. He ate ___23___, and it gave him a cold. He has ___24___ and a cough, and basically he feels tired.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A（16 分） Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
(A) The hard lives of aging migrant workers have come to national attention lately. The media have reported that many migrant workers over the age of 50 say they want to save as much money as their body allows them (25) ______ (continue) earning. They have no pensions, which (26) ______ (enjoy) by urban workers, and many are still the chief earners of their families. They keep up their energy by (27) ______ (eat) more meat, and conceal their age by dying their hair. Commentator Cheng Zhenwei writes on rednet.cn that while the physical well-being of these migrant workers is worrisome, (28) ______ conditions of their families and their children are a bigger concern. Many of the migrant workers’ children are also poor, and have little means to support their parents. Worse still, (29) ______ they often don’t have are the stomach and will for hard work and also the lack of education or skills to find better-paying jobs. (30) ______ (face) with their own difficult economic situation, these migrant workers are short of hope and prospect of inherited poverty on the part of their children, (31) ______ is the worst thing for them, according to Cheng. (B) We all know that regular physical exercise is good for a girl’s body, mind, and spirit. Recently, the Women’s Sports Foundation (32) ______ (discover) that sports offer some extra benefits for girls (33) ______ ______ ______ having fun and getting fit. Here are a few: Girls who play sports do better in school. It is believed (34) ______ athletics will take up all their study time. But research shows that girls who play sports do better in school and are (35) ______ (likely) to graduate than those who don’t. Exercise improves learning, memory, and concentration, which can give active girls an advantage when it comes to the classroom. Girls who play sports learn teamwork and goal-setting skills. It is by working with coaches and teammates to win games and meet goals (36) ______ they get great practice for success later in life. Being a team player can make it easier to work with others and solve problems, (37) ______ it is on the field or in the workplace. Sports have hidden health benefits. Girls who play sports are less likely to smoke and have a reduced chance of getting breast cancer later in life. Sure, they (38) ______ get these benefits from any type of exercise. But if they have trouble getting to the gym, there may be more incentive (激励) to show up and play if they know their coaches or teammates depend on them. Playing sports builds self-confidence. Girls involved in athletics feel better about (39) ______, both physically and socially. It helps to build confidence when they see their skills improving and their goals (40) ______ (become) reality. Section B （10 分） Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. primarily F. intentions k. necessity B. delayed G. acquisition C. interact H. overwhelming D. equivalent I. permanently E. identified J. comparative
Quite often, educators tell families of children who are learning English as a second language to speak only English, and not their native language, at home. Although these educators may have good ___41___, their advice to families is misguided, and it arises from misunderstandings about the process of language ___42___. Educators may fear that children hearing two languages will become ___43___ confused and thus their language development will be ___44___. Children are capable of learning more than one language, whether simultaneously ( 同 时 地 ) or sequentially (依次地). In fact, most children outside of the United States are expected to become bilingual or even, in many cases, multilingual. Globally, knowing more than one language is viewed as an asset (资产) and even a ___45___ in many areas. It is also of concern that the misguided advice that students should speak only English is given ___46___ to poor families with limited educational opportunities, not to wealthier families who have many educational advantages. Since children from poor families often are ___47___ as at-risk for academic failure, teachers believe that advising families to speak English only is appropriate. Teachers consider learning two languages to be too ___48___ for children from poor families, believing that the children are already burdened by their home situations. If families do not know English or have limited English skills themselves, how can they communicate in English? Advising non-English-speaking families to speak only English is ___49___ to telling them not to communicate with or ___50___ with their children. Moreover, the underlying message is that the family’s native language is not important or valued. III. Reading Comprehension Section A （15 分） Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. In the increasingly busier world where productivity is on the minds of many, instead of downloading the latest time management app, or forcing yourself to stay at work for hours on end, is there a(n) ___51___ to being productive? The first thing we should know is that willpower is a(n) ___52___ source that can be entirely used up. So instead of ___53___ yourself to simply try harder, a more methodical approach is suggested. The first step: Get started! It may seem ___54___ but studies have shown starting a project to be the biggest barrier to productivity. Before starting, our brain visualizes the hardest parts to come, and instead tries to simulate real work by focusing on small mindless tasks. ___55___, there’s construct of the mind known as the Zeigernik Effect (蔡格尼克效应), which helps humans to finish a task that they ’ve already started. The Zeigernik Effect shows that when we don’t finish a task, we experience ___56___ and intrusive thoughts about it. So get started. Now what about time management? Shockingly, when we look at most of the elite musicians in the world, we find that they aren’t ___57___ practicing more. Instead, they focus their energy on the hardest task. Those musicians have periods of intense work followed by breaks. Not relying on willpower, they rely on their ___58___ and disciplined scheduling. Studies have found that most elite violinists generally follow a 90 minute work rule with a 15 to 20 minute break afterwards every day. But how can you develop the discipline to follow this
___59___? One key point is giving yourself a deadline; write it down; mark it in your calendar. And you’ll be much more likely to complete your task. On top of this, create something called an accountability (问责制) chart to ___60___ your progress. In one column write the time span, and in the other the activities you accomplished during this time, ___61___ those on a diet who record their food intake. Writing down your progress allows you to ___62___ evaluate your work. As opposed to inaccurately assuming what you’ve done, further ___63___ your progress to the end helps to avoid small mindless work. And finally, stop multitasking. Well it may feel like you’re accomplishing more. But actually, studies show that multi-taskers are much less ___64___. Instead, try and make a list at night of what you want to accomplish tomorrow. With your action plan, you ___65___ the idea of trying to complete multiple activities at once. Your brain will find these less challenging. And it will make the starting process easier. With a clear goal and action plan in mind, your productivity levels can soar to new heights. 51. A. room 52. A. outstanding 53. A. convincing 54. A. difficult 55. A. Generally 56. A. division 57. A. necessarily 58. A. patience 59. A. feature 60. A. prove 61. A. similar to 62. A. rapidly 63. A. targeting 64. A. promising 65. A. stick to B. secret B. inevitable B. resisting B. complicated B. Luckily B. mission B. hardly B. habit B. intention B. influence B. related to B. desperately B. tricking B. productive B. face up to C. attitude D. origin C. exhaustible D. essential C. preventing D. discouraging C. obvious D. visible C. Unfortunately D. Briefly C. interruption D. discomfort C. efficiently D. purposefully C. perseverance D. principle C. guidance D. routine C. document D. determine C. available to D. owing to C. objectively D. relatively C. timing D. tracking C. practical D. plentiful C. decide on D. get rid of
Section B （24 分） Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is Followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life, mostly for the better. However, social changes brought about by new technology are often mistaken for a change in attitudes. An example at hand is the involvement of parents in the lives of their children who are attending college. Surveys on this topic suggest that parents today continue to be “very” or “somewhat” overly-protective even after their children move into college dormitories. The same surveys also indicate that the rate of parental involvement is greater today than it was a
generation ago. This is usually interpreted as a sign that Today’s parents are trying to manage their children’s lives past the point where this behavior is appropriate. However, greater parental involvement does not indicate that parents are failing to let go of their “adult” children. In the context of this discussion, it seems valuable to first find out the cause of change in the case of parents’ involvement with their grown children. If parents of earlier generations had wanted to be in touch with their college-age children frequently, would this have been possible? Probably not. On the other hand, does the possibility of frequent communication today mean that the impulse to do so wasn’t present a generation ago? Many studies show that older parents -- today’s grandparents - would have called their children more often if the means and cost of doing so had not been a barrier. Furthermore, studies show that finances are the most frequent subject of communication between parents and their college children. The fact that college students are financially dependent on their parents is nothing new; nor are requests for more money to be sent from home. This phenomenon is neither good nor bad; it is a fact of college life, today and in the past. Thanks to the advanced technology, we live in an age of bettered communication. This has many implications well beyond the role that parents seem to play in the lives of their children who have left for college. But it is useful to bear in mind that all such changes come from the technology and not some imagined desire by parents to keep their children under their wings. 66. The surveys inform us of ____________. A. the conditions of college dormitories B. the sign of parent’s management in their own behaviors C. the development of communication technology D. the parents’ over-protection of their college children 67. Which of the following statement does the author most probably agree with? A. Technology explains greater parental involvement with their children. B. Parents’ changed attitudes lead to college children’s delayed independence. C. Parents today are less protective than those in the past. D. The disadvantages of new technology outweigh its advantages. 68. What is the meaning of the word “impulse” in this passage? A. Desperation. B. Admiration. C. Urge. D. Depression. 69. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Dependence or Independence. B. Technology or Attitude. C. Family Influence or Social Changes. D. College Management or Communication Advancement. (B)
Spanish-American Institute Student Cub Notes Free and Low Cost Gyms, Health Clubs and Pools
NYC Department of Parks Recreation Centers
Recreation Centers: The NYC Department of Parks has many Recreation Centers throughout New York City. Recreation Centers offer a wide range of free and membership programs and services. Some have indoor swimming pools. Almost all have weight rooms, basketball courts, dance studios, boxing rings, art studios, game rooms, etc. All Recreation Centers offer a wide range of programs such as aerobics, dance, tai chi, fencing, computer classes, and art. Many programs are free and open to the general public but many require membership. You do not need to be a New York City resident to use a Recreation Center. You may use your annual membership at any and all Centers. Use one near the Spanish-American Institute and then use one near your home. Costs: Free and membership programs. Standard annual membership is $50 for Recreation Centers and $75 for Recreation Centers with pools. (Do you know anyone 55 and older? The senior membership is only $10 a year.) Standard annual membership provides scheduled access to the gym, pool, and all the other facilities. Instructor-led courses such as aerobics, martial arts, music, or yoga may require an additional fee. Membership and Program Information: Go to the www.nycgovparks.org home page. On the “Facilities” menu, click on “Recreation Centers.” On the “Recreation Centers” page, you will find information about membership and fees. You will also see links to Recreation Facilities by borough (Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island). On the “Facilities” menu, you may also want to check out other NYC Department of Parks facilities such as beaches, ice skating rinks, nature centers, running tracks, soccer fields, etc. Recreation Centers: There are several Parks Department Recreation Centers in each borough. After you go to the “Recreation Centers” page and click on a borough, you will find a list of the centers in that borough with their addresses, phone numbers, and web links. The list will look like that for Manhattan below. Click on the link for a particular Center to learn more about its services, schedules, and programs. 70. What special benefits can an annual member of Recreation Centers enjoy? A. Having access to all the facilities all year. B. Experiencing all programs and services free. C. Taking free Instructor-led courses. D. Using only the center near your home free. 71. If your parents and grandparents (both over sixty) want to get the memberships, how much will they pay? A. At least $20. B. At least $120. C. At least $180. D. At least $220. 72. You will probably fail to find ____________ on the www.nycgovparks.org home page.
A. the cost for various memberships C. the staff and provided services (C)
B. the locations of recreations centers D. the facilities, phones and web links
Just how much does the Constitution（宪法）protect your digital data? The Supreme Court will now consider whether police can search the contents of a mobile phone without a warrant （授权令）if the phone is on or around a person during an arrest. California has asked the justices to restore the practice that the police may search through the contents of suspects’ smartphones at the time of their arrest. It is hard, the state says, for judges to assess the implications of new and rapidly changing technologies. The justices would be careless if they followed California’s advice. They should start by rejecting California’s weak argument that exploring the contents of a smart phone is similar to say, going through a suspect’s wallet. The court has ruled that police don’t offend against the Fourth Amendment （修正案） when they go through the wallet, of an arrestee without a warrant. In fact, exploring one’s smartphone is more like entering his or her home. A smartphone may contain an arrestee’s reading history, financial history, medical history and comprehensive records of recent correspondence. Americans should take steps to protect their own digital privacy and should avoid putting important information in smartphones. But keeping sensitive information on these devices is increasingly a requirement of normal life. Citizens still have a right to expect private documents to remain private and protected by the Constitution’s prohibition on unreasonable searches. In many cases, it would not be very difficult for authorities to obtain a warrant to search through phone contents. They could still trump（打出王牌）the Fourth Amendment protections when facing severe and dangerous circumstances, such as the threat of immediate harm, and they could take reasonable measures to ensure that phone data are not deleted or altered while a warrant is on the way. The justices, though, may want to allow room for police to cite situations where they are entitled to more flexibility. But the justices should not swallow California’s argument whole. New technology sometimes demands fresh applications of the Constitution’s protections. Orin Kerr, a law professor, compares the explosion and accessibility of digital information in the 21st century with the establishment of automobile use as a digital necessity of life in the 20th. At that time, the justices had to explain new rules for the new personal domain（领域）of cars. Similarly, the justices must sort out how the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution applies to digital information now. 73. The Supreme Court will work out whether, during an arrest, it is legal to ____________. A. search for suspects’ mobile phones without a warrant B. check suspects’ phone contents without being authorized C. prevent suspects from deleting their phone contents D. prohibit suspects from using their mobile phones 74. The author’s attitude toward California’s argument is one of ____________. A. tolerance B. indifference C. disapproval D. carefulness 75. The author believes that exploring one’s phone content is comparable to ____________. A. getting into one’s residence
B. handing one’s historical records C. scanning one’s correspondences D. going through one’s wallet 76. In Paragraph 4 and 5, the author shows his concern that ____________. A. principles are hard to be clearly expressed B. the court is giving police less room for action C. phones are used to store sensitive information D. citizens’ privacy is not effectively protected 77. Orin Kerr’s comparison is quoted to indicate that ____________. A. the Constitution should be carried out flexibly B. New technology also requires reinterpretation of the Constitution C. California’s argument goes against principles of the Constitution D. Principles of the Constitution should never be altered Section C （8 分） Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. No one should be forced to wear a uniform under any circumstance. Uniforms are demanding to the human spirit and totally unnecessary in a democratic society. Uniforms tell the world that the person who wears one has no value as an individual but only lives to function as a part of a whole. The individual in a uniform loses all self-worth. There are those who say that wearing a uniform gives a person a sense of identification with a larger, more important concept. What could be more important than the individual himself? If an organization is so weak that it must rely on cloth and buttons to inspire its members, that organization has no right to continue its existence. Others say that the practice of making persons wear uniforms, say in a school, eliminates all envy and competition in the matter of dress, such that a poor person who cannot afford good-quality clothing is not to be belittled by a wealthy person who wears expensive quality clothing. Those persons conveniently ignore such concepts as freedom of choice and individuality. It is only a short step from forcing everyone to drive the same car, have the same type of foods. When this happens, all motivation to improve one’s life is removed. Why would parents bother to work hard so that their children could have a better life than they had when they know that their children are going to be forced to have exactly the same life that they had? Uniforms also hurt the economy. Right now, billions of dollars are spent on the fashion industry yearly. Thousands of persons are employed in designing, creating and marketing different types of clothing. If everyone were forced to wear uniforms, artistic personnel would be unnecessary. Sales persons would be superfluous as well; why bother to sell the only items that are available? The wearing of uniforms would destroy the fashion industry, which in turn would have a ripple effect on such industries as advertising and promotion. Without advertising, newspapers, magazines, and television would not be able to remain in business. One entire information and entertainment industry would collapse. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS)
78. Wearing a uniform costs the individual __________________________________. 79. What does the author think of an organization that is weak and has to depend on uniforms to encourage its members? _________________________________________________________________. 80. Why does the author disagree with those believing that wearing uniforms eliminates all jealousy and competition? _________________________________________________________________. 81. If everyone were forced to wear uniforms, in terms of industry besides advertising and promotion, _______________________________________________ would be affected.
I. Translation （22 分） Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 他采纳医生的建议，开始实施节食计划。 （carry） 2. 一篇文章通常由引言、主体以及结论三部分构成。（consist） 3. 尽管各国已做出不懈的努力，但还需要采取更有效的措施来应对日益严重的环境问题。 (Despite) 4. 他一到法国就发现很难适应那里的生活， 所以半年以后他毅然回到了曾经养育他的祖国。 (No sooner…) 5. 诺贝尔医学奖的获得者--屠呦呦为我们树立了很好的榜样，激励我们不要半途而废，而 是要坚持追求梦想。 （set）
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the picture and the instructions given below. 1) 简要描述图片； 2) 就图片呈现的现象谈谈你的看法。
参考答案： I Listening: 1-10 BADDC ABCAB 11-13 ACB 14-16 BDD 17. three/ 3 18. promotion 19. experience 20. easy-going 21. has been sick 22. a snack 23. something dirty 24. a sore throat II. Grammar and vocabulary 25. to continue 26. are enjoyed 27. eating 28. the 29. what 30. Faced 31. which 32.has discovered 33. in addition to 34. that 35. more likely 36. that 37. whether 38. can 39. themselves 40. Becoming Reading: 41-50 FGIBK AEHDC 51-65 BCACB DABDC ACDBD 66-69 DACB 70-72 ABC 73-77 BCADB 78. all self-worth 79 It has no right to continue its existence. 80 Because they ignore concepts as freedom of choice and individuality. 81. fashion and information and entertainment. 第 II 卷 Translation: 1. He took/ followed the doctor ’s advice and began to carry out the plan to be on a diet. 2. An article usually consists of three parts: introduction, body and conclusion. 3. Despite the great effort(s) made by governments, more effective measures should be taken to deal with the ever worsening /increasingly serious problem of environment. 4. No sooner had he reached France than he found it very difficult to be accustomed to the life there. So half year later, he returned to the motherland where he was raised. 5. The winner of the Nobel Prize in /for Medicine ---Tu Youyou has set a good example to/ for us, stimulating us not to give up halfway but to pursue our dreams. II. Writing Omitted.
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