郑梁梅中学 2012-2013 学年高一下学期期初检测英语试题
第 I 卷（选择题）
一、单项选择 1．Don't _____ the news to the public until we give you the go-ahead (许可，准许). A. release B. discard C. relieve D. retain 2．―Was
his father very strict with him when he was at school?‖ ―Yes. He had never praised him _______ he became one of the top students in his grade.‖ A. after B. unless C. until D. when 3．----- What are you going to be when you grow up? -----I want to _______. A. go to the sea B. go to sea C. work beyond the sea D. go to Qindao by sea 4．Understanding________cultural habits of another nation is_______ difficult thing. A．a; the B．the ; the C．the; a D．/; a 5． I haven’t got any paper _____. A. to write B. for writing C. to write in D. to write on 6． _______ he had not hurt his leg, John would have won the race. A. If B. Since C. Though D. When 7．The noise _______ by the machine could be heard at night． A．making B．made C．make D．to be made 8．As a new driver．I have to practice _______the car in my small garage again and again． A．parking B．to park C．parked D．park 9．His parents thought he was working very hard in the room, _____in fact, he was chatting with his friends on the Internet. A. when B. where C. which D. while 10．He _____the problem _____in his mind for a whole week before he did anything about it. A. switched; on B. kicked; up C. turned; over D. took; on 11．－Why has she pulled a long face to me? －Well, she seems to______about what you said about her. A．be telling B．have been told C．being told D．having been told 12． If there is an intruder _____the campus, students should be _____through an announcement, ______teachers should lock their classrooms to keep the children safe. A. in, warned, after that B. at, warned, before which C. on, informed, after which D. in, informed, before which 13．__________ made her succeed later on was the kindness and consideration _________she showed to all her patients. A. That; what B. What; what C. That; that D. What; / 14．Tony, stop playing with knife. You may get ______ . A. cutting B. cut C. to cut D. to be cut
15．Father told me to_____the milk unntil it boiled and then turn off the gas. A observe B. watch C.notice D. see 二、完型填空 The Chinese New Year is a great holiday to choose to celebrate Chinese culture with your child. Here are few fun ways to bring a bit of fun and 1 into your home through the festivities of the Chinese New Year. 1.Add a lucky red door. Red is a traditional color of 2 . It's an important part of the Chinese New Year to 3 on doing what one can to bring about good luck for the New Year. If you don't want to 4 the door red, how about wrapping it up like a present with red wrapping paper. If changing your front door's color is not workable, how about the door to your child's bedroom? 2.Eat. A huge part of most cultures is that of food and the Chinese New Year is not 5 , it's eating jiaozi at midnight on New Year's Eve, or longevity noodles on day seven of the festivities to 6 long life. The Chinese New Year celebrations mean many fancy meals that your child will 7 . 3.Create a lantern. Sara Naumann, the Guide to China Travel, shares a bit about the legend of the Lantern Festival or Yuanxiao, which occurs on the 8 day of the Chinese New Year festivities. It's a 9 that includes an emperor, a young woman who misses her family, and tricking the God of Fire. Your kids should love this story. After 10 it with them, or while reading the story, enjoy making your own paper lantern to display. 4.Give lucky money. The Guide to Mandarin Language shares that another very popular 11 during the Chinese New Year is that of the gift of red envelopes with 12 in them. These gifts are given to children and usually follow a bit of superstition （迷信） in that the money needs to be given in even amounts and never contain 13 numbers, such as four. Therefore, four dollars is not a good gift. The envelopes are also decorated with lucky symbols and New Year 14 . 5.Give a small gift. The giving of simple gifts is also an appropriate way to 15 the Chinese New Year. What better gift than that of a children's book about the Chinese New Year or the Chinese Culture. 6.Make some noise. Just like in America, the Chinese use 16 in ringing in their New Year. In the Chinese culture it began as a way to 17 away any demons（鬼） that threaten to bring a profitable and lucky New Year, but today it's also about excitement and 18 . Consider setting off a few firecrackers of your own, if allowed in your area. If not, make a cute firework picture with a bit of glitter and glue. A pretend firecracker is another great craft that could also be considered a festive way to decorate your New Year table. 7.Sing Happy Birthday to your dog. The second day of the Chinese New Year is 19 the birthday of all dogs. Why not 20 your child to throw Fido a birthday celebration? Perhaps an extra ride in the car or new chew toy is in order? I know my dog would appreciate a few extra belly rubs too. ( ) 1. A. tradition B. culture C. civilization D. habit ( ) 2. A. wealth B. disaster C. belief D. luck ( ) 3. A. focus B. accuse C. adapt D. mind ( ) 4. A. boil B. paint C. wash D. purchase ( ) 5. A. same B. similar C. common D. different
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
) 6. A. come about ) 7. A. bore ) 8. A. last ) 9. A. play ) 10. A. sharing ) 11. A. invention ) 12. A. food ) 13. A. unclear ) 14. A. wishes ) 15. A. spend ) 16. A. firecrackers ) 17. A. take ) 18. A. fun ) 19. A. fixed ) 20. A. order
B. take about B. destroy B. first B. story B. listening B. story B. clothes B. unlucky B. signs B. envy B. songs B. scare B. relax B. named B. accompany
C. bring about C. enjoy C. second C. novel C. reading C. race C. money C. unfair C. presents C. buy C. dances C. get C. sleep C. considered C. tease
D. get out D. absorb D. next D. history D. making D. tradition D. jewels D. uncertain D. happiness D. celebrate D. goods D. burn D. travel D. marked D. Allow
三、阅读理解 阅读下面短文并回答问题，然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上（请注意问题后的字数要 求） 。 A Jiuzhaigou is a very beautiful place．It is in the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Region in Sichuan Province． Jiuzhaigou is a valley． is more than 40 kilometers long． green and golden It The trees, the lofty and multi-shaped mountains and the clear and colorful waters form the unique beauty of Jiuzhaigou．The water of Jiuzhaigou is the soul of the beauty．There are more than 100 lakes of different shapes in the valley． These lakes have wonderful colors． They are called ―haizi‖, which means son of the sea． These beautiful lakes make Jiuzhaigou a fantastic place． Between the forests and the lakes, there are nine Tibetan villages．The name Jiuzhaigou means Nine Village Valley. Jiuzhaigou was discovered because of a panda rescue program． The pandas were once endangered because the bamboo there was blooming．When people came to rescue the pandas, they were surprised by the beauty of Jiuzhaigou．After that, Jiuzhaigou became a protected scenic area. In China, there is a saying which goes like this: No mountain is worth seeing after you have seen Mount Huang and no other body of water will attract you after you have visited Jiuzhaigou．The beauty of Jiuzhaigou cannot be described in words．The best way to enjoy this fairyland is to go there．See you in Jiuzhaigou. 1．What is the best title for the passage? （Please answer within 10 words.） ________________________________________________________________. 2．Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following? These beautiful lakes make Jiuzhaigou a fantastic place. ________________________________________________________________. 3．Translate the underlined sentence in the passage into Chinese. ________________________________________________________________. 4．How was the Jiuzhaigou Valley discovered? ________________________________________________________________.
5．What does the name Jiuzhaigou mean? ________________________________________________________________. B Do you love American country music? If you do, come to Nashville. It’s the home of American country music. Nashville is the capital city of the state of Tennessee. Here you don’t have to go to the big auditoriums(音乐厅) to enjoy the country music. In the open air restaurants or on the streets, you can always hear the beautiful and sweet sounding folk music. All the singers are young and they play their guitars while they sing. The songs they sing are so touching(动人) that, if you listen attentively, you can feel they are singing with their souls rather than with their voices. Shops selling music records and tapes can be found everywhere in Nashville. Many records are made by www.ks5u.comfamous singers and they are sent to many countries all over the world. The folk songs most of the singers sing come form the rural areas in the southern United States. The songs often describe those days to situations and the feeling of the country people. They often sing in praises of heroism(英雄) and true love. 6. From the passage we know Nashville is ________. A. a village B. a big city C. a small town D. a capital city 7. To enjoy the country music, you can go to ________. A. the big auditoriums B. the open air restaurants C. the streets D. All of the above 8. According to the passage which of the following statements is not true? A. Shops that sell music records and tapes can be found everywhere in Nashville. B. The folk songs can impress you deeply C. Not all records are made by famous singers D. The folk songs only sing in praises of heroism and true love. 9. The passage is mainly about ________. A. Nashville B. American young people C. pop singers D. the country music C What’s delicious to eat and comes in a variety of colors? Eggplant! And no, it has nothing to do with chickens! This strangely named vegetable is, however, as versatile as an egg．It can be steamed, fried, and baked．It can be eaten by itself or combined with meats and other vegetables． Eggplant was first grown in India in the 5th century BC．Its popularity soon spread to China and then throughout Asia．Finally, during the Middle Ages the vegetable made its way to Europe ． At that time, eggplant was not the shiny purple vegetable most people know today． Instead, it’s like a white egg． Due to this egg - like appearance, eggplant got its name． its In early days, the vegetable was so bitter that people often called it a ―mad apple.‖ This nickname started because people believed its bitterness was bad for one' s health．People actually thought eggplant could cause madness and cancer． Fortunately today people know that eggplant doesn't cause insanity or cancer．In fact eggplant is so healthy that it may prevent cancer．In addition, the brain and the heart benefit from this super vegetable．Since it's high in fiber, eggplant can improve digestion． Italy, Turkey, Egypt, China and Japan are the leading growers of eggplant in the world today． Depending on its location, eggplant may be purple, green, orange or yellow - white． And it can be as small as a tomato or as large as a cucumber．Dish varieties range from simple to complex, with all of them being delicious．
Today, thousands of people gather in Loomis, Calif, for the annual Loomis Eggplant Festival． The main activity at the festival is eating delicious eggplant dishes． There is plenty more to do and see, though．Recipe contests, arts and crafts, performers, races and children's activities all ―egg – cite‖ festival - goers．Most people at the festival would agree—eggplant is an ―egg—cellent‖ vegetable． 10.Eggplant got its name because of its _____． A．appearance B．taste C．color D．value 11.Which of the following does NOT belong to the qualities of eggplant? A．It can be cooked in various ways． B．It is easy to digest． C．It can prevent cancer． D．It is valuable and priceless． 12.Which of the following is true according to the passage? A．Eggplant can be eaten to cure cancer B．Eggplant used to taste bitter． C．India produce the most eggplant in the world today．D．Eggplant has a history of nearly 1,000 years． 13.Most people come to the Loomis Eggplant Festival to_____． A．see arts and crafts B．enjoy food with eggplants C．take part in recipe contests D．promote eggplant D BINGHAM REGIONAL COLLEGE International Students’ Orientation Programme What is it? It is a course which will introduce you to the College and to Bingham. It takes place in the week before term starts, from 24th-28th September, but you should plan to arrive in Bingham on the 22nd or 23rd September. Why do we think it is important? We want you to have the best possible start to your studies and you need to find out about all the opportunities that college life offers. It will enable you to get to know the college, its facilities and services. You will also have a chance to meet staff and students. How much will it cost? * International students (non-European Union students) For those students who do not come from European Union (EU) countries, and who are not used to European culture and customs, the progamme is very important and you are strongly advised to attend. Because of this, the cost of the programme, without accommodation, is built into your tuition fees. * EU students EU students are welcome to take part in this programme without accommodation for ￡195. Accommodation costs (international and EU students) The cost of accommodation for one week is ￡165 If you have booked accommodation for the year ahead (41 weeks) through the college, you do not have to pay extra for accommodation. You can ask us to pre-book accommodation for you one week only in a hotel with other International students. What is included during the programme? Meals: lunch and an evening meal are provided as part of the programme. Please note that breakfast is not available.
Information: including such topics as accommodation, health, religious matters, study skills, and other necessary information. Social activities: including a welcome party and a half day trip round Bingham. 14．Who is encouraged to attend the course according to the ad? A. Those who are less prepared for their examination B. Those who want to improve their social lives C. Those who are not familiar with their future college. D. Those who want to make up their missed lessons. 15．It is better for Non-European Union students to take part in the programme because _______ A．they don’t have to pay for the course B．it offers them opportunities to know more about European culture C．they can save the cost of accommodation while they are studying D．it is difficult for them to be accepted by the natives in Binghama 16．If a student plans to take the course, he has to arrive in Bingham at least ___________ days in advance before term starts. A．2 B．4 C. 5 D. 6 17．Which of the following might NOT be included in the programme? A. Learning how to study in the college B. Looking for a part-time job in neighborhood. C. Understanding some taboos(禁忌)in European society． D. Travelling around Bingham.
第 II 卷（非选择题） 四、阅读填空 Chinese media and Internet users on Monday condemned a lack of morals in society after a toddler was struck twice by two different vans and left bleeding on the road as more than a dozen bystanders did nothing to help the seriously injured girl. The incident, captured by a surveillance camera and aired by Southern Television Guangdong (TVS), showed the two-year-old girl was knocked down and run over by a white van on a narrow market street on the afternoon of Oct. 13, in Foshan City of Guangdong Province. The driver fled the scene of the accident, leaving the girl to bleed on the sidewalk. Over the next six minutes, more than a dozen people walked by the girl, yet not one individual did anything to help her. The girl was then hit a second time by another van before an elderly trash collector came to her aid and brought the attention of the girl’s mother, according to the video and eyewitnesses. Doctors said that the girl, who was put on life support after being hospitalized, remains in a deep coma. The girl's parents, who are migrants living in the city, are now with her. Police said the drivers of both vehicles have been arrested. However, the apathy of the bystanders shown in the video has shocked the public, as Internet forums have seethed with anger, and people are questioning the morality of society. High moral standards were once triumphed as national pride in China where individuals known for selflessly helping others were adored by the public. But in recent years, the perception of a decline of morals has become a hot topic as profit and materialism are perceived to be affecting society’s values. On Sept. 2. an 88-year-old man in central China collapsed, his face striking the pavement. Yet, no one came to his aid, and he ended up choking to death on the blood from his nose. Some have linked the absence of good models to a previous case in which a man trying to help an elderly woman who fell was accused of harming her. A strong chorus of opinion on the Internet says laws should exempt（免除）models from responsibility, yet laws themselves cannot solve society’s morality dilemma. Cao Lin, a China Youth Daily commentator, said in a signed article published on Monday that the worry of responsibility should not be an excuse for not helping, and this case exposes the decline of humanity in Chinese society. 1．.From the passage, what would happen if someone helped others selflessly in the past? A. The public would feel proud of him/ her and showed love and respect for him/ her B. He/she would be awarded by the government. C. He/she would be condemned by the public. D. He/she would have to worry about liability. 2． Which of the following is TRUE about this passage? A. Nobody helped the girl who was struck twice by two different vans. B. High moral standards were once regarded as national pride in China. C. The toddler died immediately after she was hit a second time. D. Journalists from TVS captured the incident by using a camera. 3． In recent years, society’s values is believed to be affected by________ .
A. people’s perceptions B. the apathy of bystanders C. profit and materialism D. the morals of society 4． According to Cao Lin, what is the fundamental reason for not helping the girl? A. The worry of responsibility. B. Lack of laws that exempt role models from responsibility. C. The other two cases mentioned in the article--the case of an 88-year-old man and the case where a man trying to help an elderly woman who fell was accused of harming her. D. The decline of humanity in society. 5． Where is the article probably taken from? A. A news report. B. A fashion magazine. C. A science fiction. D. An education column.
五、书面表达 第三节 书面表达 假定你是李华。你们学校和一所美国中学签署了教师交流协议。在过去的一年里，你们 的英文老师是来自这所中学的 Sue Wood。不久前她返回美国任教。请你根据写作要点和要 求给 Sue 写封电子邮件。 写作要点： 1.对她表达感谢之意; 2.介绍她离开后你自己及班里发生的事情; 3.希望了解她的近况。 要求： 1.短文须写在答题卡的指定区域。 2.短文词数不少于 100（不含已写好的部分） 。 3.内容充实，结构完整，语意连贯。 4.书写须清晰、工整。 5.邮件中不能体现本人真实信息。 Dear Sure, I’m Li Hua, one of your students in China. _______________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ All the best Li Hua
参考答案 一、单项选择 1．A 2．C。 3．B 4．C 5．D 6．A 7．B 8．A. 9．D 10．C 11．B 12．C 13．D 14．B 15．B 二、完型填空 1--20 BDABD CCABA DCBAD ABACD 三、阅读理解 1. The JiuzhaigouValley 2. These beautiful lakes make Jiuzhaigou a fantastic place. 3. 当人们到这里拯救大熊猫的时候，九寨沟的美景使他们感到震惊。 4. Jiuzhaigou was discovered because of a panda rescue program. 5. The name Jiuzhaigou means Nine Village Valley. 6. D 7. D 8. C 9. D 10. A 11. D 12. B 13. B 14. C 15. B 16. D 17. B 四、阅读填空 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. A
五、书面表达 One possible version： Dear Sure, I’m Li Hua, one of your students in China. It’s almost a month since you left us. We all miss you and are very grateful for what you did for us. We are busy as usual. We had an English speech contest the other day. I won the first prize! This again reminds me of all your kind help. Do you still remember the trees we planted together on the hill behind the school? Yesterday, we went there and watered them. The tree you planted yourself is growing well, and the whole class decided to name it Sue Wood. Will you come back to see Sue Wood? How is everything with you lately? We hope to know more about you and your American students. Hope to keep in close touch. All the best Li Hua
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