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高一英语


英语必修 1 必背单词、短语及句型
重点单词和短语 1、add up 合计 add up to?共计, 总计达 add…to 把…加在里面 add to 增加 add to the happiness 2、upset sb. 某人不安 upset oneself about sth. 为某事而烦恼 be upset at/about 因…而烦恼 3、ignore sb.

/sth. 忽视,不理会 be ignorant of 对… 无知 ,不了解 ignorant adj 无知的,愚昧的 ignorance n 无知.愚昧 4、calm vt.&vi. (使)平静; (使)镇定 calm down 镇静, 平静 calm sb. down 使某人镇静 adj. 平静的;镇定的 keep calm 保持镇静 calm/silent/quiet/still 辨析 5、concern vt. 使担忧;涉及;关系到 n. 担心;关注 with concern 关切地 show (no) concern for/about sb. 对某人(不)关心, concern oneself with/ in 参与,干涉 be concerned with 与… 有关系 be concerned about/ for sth. /that-clause 为…担心,挂念 a concerned look 担心的表情 As far as… be concerned 就某某而言 concerning prep. 关于,有关 6、go through 经历, 经受 go through a hard time 经历了一段困难时期 go through the baggage 检查行李 go through the newspaper 浏览报纸 go through lots of money 花了很多钱 7、set down. 记下,放下 set down the ideas on paper 把想法写在纸上 set me down at the bus-stop 在车站让我下车 set out/set off/set about/up/aside 的意思及用法 8、a series of 一系列的, 一连串的 a series of books 丛书 a series of stamps 一套邮票 a series of pictures 连环画 9、on purpose 故意地= by design= deliberately by chance/accident= accidentally lie to sb. on purpose 故意向某人撒谎 for/with the purpose of 为了…地目的 10、in order to/ so as to (do sth.) 为了, 以……为目的 so as to “为了”, 只能用在主句后。 in order that / so that “为了”, 其后接句子。 11、at dusk 在黄昏时刻 at dawn 在黎明时分 12、face to face 面对面地(作状语) have a face-to-face interview with the hero 和这位英雄进行一次面对面的采访 shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地 hand in hand 手拉手地 heart to heart 贴心地 side by side 并排地 back to back 背靠背地 arm in arm 臂挽臂地 word by word 逐字地 13、settle sb. 使..定居,安家 settle an argument/ a matter 解决争端/问题 settle down 定居下来,平静下来,舒适地坐下 14、suffer vi.&vt.遭受;忍受;经历 ⑴suffer from 因……而痛苦, 患……病 suffer from loneliness 因孤独而痛苦 suffer from a bad cold 得了重感冒 ⑵遭受, 蒙受(痛苦、饥饿、寒冷、损失等) suffer a heavy loss 遭受严重损失 suffer pain/hunger/cold/death 遭受痛苦;饥饿;寒冷;死亡 sufferer n. 受苦者 suffering n. 痛苦, 苦难 15、recover from illness 生病后恢复 16、get/be tired of 对… 厌烦 17、pack (sth.) up 将(东西)装箱打包 18、get along / on with get along / on with sb. 与某人相处 get along / on with sth. 某事进展 get along / on well / nicely / badly with 与……处得好 / 不好; ……进展顺利 / 不顺利 19、fall in love 相爱,爱上 20、join in sth. / doing sth. 参加活动 join in playing football 参加踢足球 join in the game 参加游戏活动 join 参加组织团体 join the army 参军 join sb. in 和……一起参加……活动 join them in singing 与他们一起唱歌 21、have trouble / difficulty / problem with sb. / sth. 和某人相处 / 做某事有困难 have trouble / difficulty / problem (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 22、power 能力;权力 have the power to do 有能力做。 。 come to/into power be in power a power failure 断电 a power plant 发电厂 power/energy/strength/force 辨析 23、dislike doing sth
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Unit 1

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

重点句子 Your friend comes to school very upset. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. she and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered. I wonder if it's because I haven't been able to be outdoors for so long that I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the songs of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. It was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face… It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced There is nothing wrong with you and this boy being friends and studying together. I still find it hard to make good friends with them I would be grateful if you could give me some advice

重点单词和短语 1、because of 因为(后接名词、代词、名词性从句) due to “由于”, 作表语或状语; thanks to “由于, 多亏”, 作表语或状语; owing to “由于”, 作表语或状语; as a result of “因为……的结果”, 作状语; on account of “因为”, 作状语 2、native adj. 本地的, 本国的 one’s native land/country/language 故乡;祖国;母语 a native speaker of English 以英语为母语的人 be native to (动植物)原产于某地 n. 本地人;当地人;原产于某地的动植物 a native of ZhongXiang 钟祥人 3、official: adj 官方的;正式的 an official language 一种官方语言 an official document 一份正式文件 4、come up: 走上前来;被提出; (太阳、月亮)升起;发生 He came up to me and said hello to me Your question came up at the meeting The sun has come up I’ll let you know if anything comes up come up with a good idea: 想出一个好点子 5、base vt. 以??为根据:base sth. on sth. 使??以??为依据/基础 base one’s opinions on facts: 意见以事实为依据 be based on: 以??为依据 n.基础:make London the base for revolutionary work 使伦敦成为革命工作的根据地 basis n. 根据;基本原则 on the basis of?? 在??的基础上 the basis of/for your opinion 你的看法的依据 6、present v. 赠送;呈现;介绍;描述 present sth. to sb./present sb. with sth. 向某人赠送/颁发/授予/介绍某物 present sb. to sb. else 向某人介绍/引见某人 adj 现在的;在场地 be present at the meeting 出席会议 the present situation 目前的形式 at present/at the present time 目前;现在 everyone present 在场的各位 for the present 眼下;暂时 n. 赠品;礼物 7、vocabulary 词汇;词汇量 with/have a large vocabulary: 词汇量很大 increase/enlarge vocabulary 增加/扩大词汇(量) 8、make use of 利用;使用 make full use of 充分利用 make good use of 好好利用 make little use of 不充分利用 make the best (use) of 更好地利用;往好里做 make the most of 更好地利用 His progress in study lies in the good use he made of his spare time We should consider what use can be made of such a material 9、such as: 用于列举,往往不能把事物全部列出,可以以“名词(,)such as+被列举的事物”和“such+名词 +as+被列举的事物”形式出现 Sweet food, such as chocolate can make you fat =Such sweet food as chocolate can make you fat 10、command V. 命令;指令;掌握 command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
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unit 2

command (that) sb. (should) do sth. 从句中用虚拟语气 n.命令;指令;掌握 obey the captain’s commands 服从船长的命令 give a command 发布命令 by sb’s command 根据??的命令 take the command of an army: 统帅/指挥一支军队 under the command of sb.=under sb’s command 在??的指挥下 have a good command of English. 精通/熟练掌握英语 11、request V. 请求,要求 request sth. 要求/请求得到,索要某物 request sth. from sb. 向某人索要某物 request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 request that sb. (should) do sth. It’s requested that 从句 据要求 as requested 依据请求 n.要求,请求 make a request for sth. 要求/需要某物 make a request that 从句,要求 by request 应邀 at sb’s request/at the request of sb.根据?的请求 12、play a part in 在??中担任角色/起作用 play the part of sb 扮演某人的角色 play an important/vital part/role in (doing) sth. 在??中起重要/至关重要的作用 play the leading role/part 起主要作用,起带头作用,演主角 13、recognize vt. 识别;认出 recognize sb./sb’s voice. 认出某人/听出某人的声音 recognize sth./that 从句 承认 recognize sth./sb. to be 承认某人是?? recognize sth./sb. as sth. 正式认可/接受某事/人为?? recognition n. 承认,认出 beyond/out of recognition 认不出来 14、a large number of fluent English speakers 许多英语讲得流利的人 the number of people learning English 学习英语的人的数目 15、make sense 有道理;有意义;讲得通 it does n’t make sense. 这讲不通。 16、hold on 别挂(电话);坚持 17、ask directions 问路 give directions 指路;给予指示 in the direction of 朝??方向 in all directions = in every direction 向四面八方 18、put sth. down 写下;记下;镇压 19、have fun with sth. 以??为乐 重点句子 1. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. 2. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 3. By the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. 4. One reason is that English has a large vocabulary. 5. Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 6. She told us to go around the corner on the left and keep going straight for two blocks.

Unit 3
重点单词和短语 1、transport n. 运输;运送 the public transport of the city 城市公共运输系统 the transport of goods by air 空运货物 in the process of/during transport/transportation 在运输过程中 v.运输;运送 transport… (from…) to… 把…从…运到… transportation n. 运输 a means of transportation 一种运输方式 2、prefer vt. 更喜欢 prefer coffee to tea. 更喜欢咖啡而不是茶 prefer doing to doing 更喜欢干??而不愿干?? prefer to do rather than do 宁愿干??而不愿干?? prefer sb to do sth. 宁愿让某人做某事 prefer that sb (should) do 更宁愿某人干? preference n. (两者之中) 较喜欢的东西;偏好;偏爱 have a preference for… 对??偏爱 have no particular preference 没有特别的偏好 in preference to? 而不是 3、ever since. 从那以后 4、persuade vt. 说服;劝服、 persuade sb. to do sth.=persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做?? persuade sb. not to do=persuade sb. out of doing 说服某人停止做??;劝阻某人做?? persuade sb. of sth. 或 persuade sb. + that 从句 使某人相信 persuasive adj. 有说服力的 persuasion n. 说服;劝说 5、graduate. v. 毕业
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graduate from… 从??毕业 graduate sb. 授予某人学位或毕业文凭 n.毕业生:a high school graduate: 高中毕业生 a science graduate 理学士 graduation n. 毕业 after/before graduation 毕业后/前 6、schedule: n. 时间表;进度表 class schedule: 课程表 ahead of schedule 较预定的时间提前 on schedule 按照预定的时间,按时 behind schedule 迟于预定的时间;拖后 vt. 为??安排时间 schedule the meeting for that night 会议的时间定在那天晚上 be scheduled to do sth. 预定做某事 7、be fond of (doing) sth. be into /crazy about (doing) sth. 喜爱(做)某事;对做某事感兴趣 be interested in (doing) sth. 8、organize. vt 组织;成立;安排;整理 organize a football match 组织一场足球赛 organize your thoughts 整理你的思路 organize sb. to do sth. 组织某人干某事 9、care about 关心;忧虑;惦念 care for 喜欢;照顾 10、determine vt.& vi.确定;决定;使…下定决心 determine sth. 确定某事 determine to do 决定做某事 determine sb. to do sth. 使某人决定做某事 determine on early start=determine to start early 决定早动身 determine +从句 determined adj 已决定了的;坚定的;坚决的 be determined that 从句 be determined to do sth 决定干某事 =make up one’s mind to do a determined look 坚定的表情 a determined man 意志坚定的人 determination 决定;决心 with determination 坚决地 a man of great determination 意志坚定的人 11、go on/ make/ take a journey to sp. 去某地旅行 12、altitude. n. 海拔;高处 at an altitude of =at a height of 在??高度 at 表示“在??处/时;以??” at a price of 以??的价格 at a speed/ rate of 以??速度 at a length of 在??长度 at a depth/ width of 在??深度,宽度 at a distance of 在??远的距离 at the cost of 以??为代价 13、make up one’s mind 下决心 read one’s mind 看出某人心思 keep one’s mind on 专心于 speak one’s mind 直言不讳 bear/ keep sth. in mind 记住某事 14、give in (to sb./ sth.) (向??)屈服;让步;投降 give off 发出(蒸汽、光、热等) give out 分发;筋疲力尽 give way to 让位于;妥协 15、pace. n. 一步;速度;步调 at a good pace 相当快地 keep pace with 跟??齐步前进 16、attitude, n. 态度;看法 take a friendly attitude to/ towards us. 对我们采取友善的态度 hold a positive/ negative attitude 持积极/消极态度 17、as usual: 照常 18、at midnight 在午夜 at noon 在正午 19、flow through sp. 流经某地 20、insist v. 坚决要求;主张 insist on (sb’s) doing sth. 坚决要求(某人)做 insist on (my) giving up smoking 坚决要求(我)戒烟 insist + 从句 He insisted that he was right. 他坚持认为他是正确的 He insisted that he should be set free. 他坚决要求他被释放(虚拟语气) 21、go/ run like clockwork 按计划进行;进展顺利 22、weather forecast 天气预报 23、view. n. 视野;视力;景色;看法;观点 be/ go out of view 从视野消失 come into view 进入视线 admire the view 欣赏景色 in my view = from my point of view 依我看来 take the view that 从句, 持有??观点 V. 考虑;观看 view sb. as sth. 把??看作 24、put up the tents. 搭起帐篷 put up your hands 举手
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put up the post 张贴海报 put up ten people for night 为十人提供食宿过夜 25、give my love/ best wishes to sb. 请代我向??问好/候 重点句子 1. Ever since middle school, my sister WangWei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 2. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 3. She insisted that she organize the trip properly. 4. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. 5. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province. 6. A determined person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is. 7. I prefer the red dress to the green one because it fits me better. 8. The first time Joe saw the film “ET” directed by Steven Spielberg, he made up his mind to become a director too. 9. Get as much information as you can to do finish the task. 10. To climb the mountain was hard work. 11. At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds . 12. We can hardly wait to see them.

重点单词和短语 1、right/ straight away = at once 立刻;马上 2、burst (burst, burst) vi. 爆裂;爆发 burst into a place=break into a place 突然闯进 burst in 突然插嘴;打断 burst into tears/ laughters/ flames 突然大哭/大笑/起火 burst out crying/ laughing/ singing 突然哭起来/笑起来/唱起来 n. 一阵 a burst of laughter/ applause 一阵笑声/掌声 a burst of anger 怒火的迸发 3、as if/ though 仿佛;好像 4、at an end 结束;终结 in the end 最后;终于 at the end (of sth.) 在结尾处;在(??)结束的时候 by the end of this month 在本月末 5、ruin n. 废墟;毁灭;遗迹 be/ lie/ stand in ruins 成为一片废墟 the ruins of Yuanmingyuan 圆明圆遗迹 v. 毁灭;使破产/灭 ruin one’s health 毁坏某人健康 ruin one’s hope 使某人希望破灭 6、destroy (destroyed, destroyed) vt. 破坏;毁坏;消灭 destroy the building 毁坏建筑 destroy/ ruin one’s hope 使希望破灭 destruction n. 破坏;毁坏 7、track n. 轨道;足迹;痕迹 keep track of 记录;掌握??的线索 8、shock: n. 休克;打击;震惊;令人震惊的事 vt & vi (使)震惊;震动 be a great shock 沉重的打击 an electric shock 电击 The bad news left us speechless from shock 坏消息使我们震惊得说不出话来。 be shocked by/ at 对??感到震惊 a shocking accident 令人震惊的事故 9、rescue: n & vt. 援救;营救 rescue sb. from… 从危险中救出 a rescue team 救援队 come/ go to one’s rescue 营救某人 rescuer n. 营救人员 10、trap vt. 使陷入困境 n. 陷阱;困境 trap sb. in the mud= get/ be trapped in the mud 被困在泥巴里面 trap sb./ sth. into (doing)… 诱使某人/某物(做)?? set a trap 设圈套 11、dig out (dug dug) 掘出;发现 dig sth. out of sth. 把??从??里挖出 dig the truth out of him 从他那里查出真相 12、bury vt. 埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 bury one’s face/ head in sth. 把脸/头伸到??里去 bury oneself in= be buried in 埋头于;专心于 be buried in thought 陷入了沉思 burial n. 埋葬;葬礼 13、shelter n. 躲避(处) ;避身处 build shelters for survivors 给幸存者建避难所 take shelter from the rain 躲雨 v. 保护??;遮蔽;使??住宿 shelter me from blame 保护我免受责难 14、judge n. 裁判员;法官;vt. 断定;判断;判决;认为 work as a judge: 当法官/裁判 judge sth. from/ by sth. 由??来判断
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Unit 4

judging from/ by sth. 由??来看(作状语) judge sb. to be… 认为某人?? As far as I can judge 据我判断 judge the case 审理这个案件 judgement n. 判决;审判;判断 make a judgement on sth. 对??作出判断 15、express vt. 表达;用快递邮寄出 express oneself 表达自己 express thanks/ thoughts 表达感谢/思想 express the letter 用快递方式寄出信件 express sth. to sb.=express to sb. sth. 向某人表示/表达某事 16、rise(rose risen) vi. 升高;增长;站在;起床 n. 上升;上涨;增升;涨工资 rise by 20% 增长了 20% rise to 200. 增长到 200 rise from the chair 从椅子上站起来 Early to bed and early to rise is good to your health 早睡早起对身体有好处 ask for a rise 要求涨工资 get a rise 升级;涨工资 17、run out of 从??跑出来;用光(不用被动) 18、think little/ nothing of 轻视;忽视;对??满不在乎 think much/ highly of 重视;看重;对??高度评价 think of sb. as… 把??看作 19、reach v. 延伸;达成(协议) ;得出结论;伸手够到某物;与??取得联系 The woods reaches as far as the river 森林延伸至河边 reach an agreement 达成协议 reach a conclusion 得出结论 reach him by telephone 用电话与他取得联系 reach out for sth 伸手去拿 n. 够着;达到 out of the reach of sb. 在某人伸手够不着的地方 within the reach of sb. 在某人伸手够得着的地方 above/ beyond the reach of sb. 超出某人的能力 20、give out vt. 发出(光;热;气味) ;分发;发表;发布(消息) vi. 用尽;筋疲力尽 21、It sounds/ looks/ feels/seems as if... 听/看/感觉起来/看来好像 22、in the open air 在户外 23、offer/ send one’s congratulations to sb. on sth. = congratulate sb. on sth. 向某人祝贺某事 24、honor vt. 给予(某人)荣誉;使得到尊敬/荣誉 n. 名誉;面子;敬意;引起尊敬的人或物 honor sb. for sth.=be honored for sth. 因某事而受到尊敬/表彰 be/ feel honored to do sth. 做某事感到荣幸 It’s a great honor for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说很荣幸 She is an honor to this profession. 她是这一行业的光荣。 have the honor to do/ of doing sth. 有做某事的荣幸 do sb. an/the honor of doing(sth.) 赏光 in honor of sb.=in sb’s honor 为向??表示敬意;为纪念?? 25、without warning 在没有任何先兆的情况下 26、the disaster-hit/stricken areas 受灾地区 重点句子 1. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 2. It seems as if the world was at an end. 3. Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. 4. All hope was not lost. 5. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. 6. As you know, this is the day the quake happened thirty-four years ago. 7. The man was sleeping downstairs when the earthquake happened. 8. Your parents and your school should be very proud of you!

重点单词和短语 1、quality. n. 质量;品质;性质 be of high good/ low/ poor quality 质量高/低 a man of fine qualities: 一位有很多好品质的男子 the qualities of water 水的特性 qualify v. 使??具体资格(品质) a quantity of / quantities of +N. +复数谓语 2、mean adj. 吝啬的;自私;卑鄙的 mean to do sth. 打算做 mean doing sth. 意味着 It’s mean of sb. to do sth. 做某事真是太自私/卑鄙了 be mean to sb. about/ over sth. 在某方面对某人很吝啬 3、active. adj. 积极的;活跃的;主动的 be active in… 在??方面很积极/活跃 take an active part in… 积极参与?? lead/live an active life 过着积极的生活
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Unit 5

active voice 主动语态 activity n. 活动 4、devote vt. (与 to 连用)献身;专心于 devote oneself to sth./ doing sth. 献身于??;专心做某事 devote one’s life/ time/ money/ energy to sth./ doing sth. 把本人的一生/时间/金钱/精力奉献于?? devoted. adj. 忠实的;深爱的 be devoted to… 专心致志于;忠于;喜欢 a devoted friend 一位忠实的朋友 a devoted mother 一位贤妻良母 5、principle n. 法则;原则;原理 in principle. 原则上;大致上 stick to one’s principles 恪守自己的原则 on the principle of 根据??的原则 against one’s principle 违背某人的原则 6、guidance n. 指导;领导 guidance on sth. 对某事物的指导 offer guidance to sb. 给某人提供指导 under/ with the guidance of sb. =under/ with sb’s guidance 在某人的指导下 7、out of work=be out of a job 失业 out of control 失去控制 out of patience 失去耐心 out of reach 够不着 out of date 过时 out of respec 出于尊重 out of question 毫无疑问没问题 out of sight 看不见 out of money 钱花光 out of envy 出于嫉妒 out of the question 不可能 out of mind 心不在焉 out of order 坏了;混乱 out of curiosity 出于好奇 7、vote vt & vi. 投票;选举 n. 投票;选票;表决 vote on… 就??投票 vote for/ against 投票赞成/反对 vote to do 投票表决帮某事; vote + that 从句 8、attack vt & vi. 袭击;攻击;抨击 attack sb. from behind 背后攻击 attack the government’s new policy 抨击政府新政策 n. 发病;袭击;攻击 make an attack on/ against… 攻击;袭击;抨击 under attack 遭到袭击/抨击 air attack 空袭 a heart attack 心脏病突发 Under control 受控制 Under discussion 被讨论 9、as a matter of fact 事实上=in fact = actually 10、blow up; 使丧气;炸毁 get the tire blown up 给轮胎打气 blow up the balloons 给汽球充气 blow up a bridge 炸毁一座桥 blow out 吹灭 blow down 刮倒 11、equal adj. 相等的;平等的; equal pay for equal work 同工同酬 be equal to 与??相等;等于;能胜任 v. 等于;比得上 n. 同等(对等)的人;对于;匹敌者 equal sb in sth = be an equal to sb in sth. 在某方面与某人匹敌/势力相当 equally adv. 12、be in trouble 在危险;受罚;痛苦;忧虑等的处境中 ask for trouble 自寻烦恼 get into trouble 遇到麻烦;出事 have trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 make trouble 制造麻烦 take great trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦做某事 13、turn to 求助于;致力于;转向;变成;转变到 turn to sb. for help/ advice 向某人求助/救 give up medicine and turn to writing 放弃医学转向写作 turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝 turn out to be 最终是,结果是,证明是 14、lose heart 丧失勇气或信心 lose face 丢脸 lose weight 减肥 lose one’s heart to 爱上;喜欢上 lose one’s way 迷路 lose oneself in 迷上 lose one’s sight 失明 lose one’s temper 发怒 15、excape. vi & vt 逃脱;逃走;泄露 escape punishment / being punished 逃避惩罚 escape from.. 从??逃跑/脱 n. 逃跑;逃脱 make one’s escape 逃走 have a narrow escape 死里逃生;勉强逃脱 16、come to power 当权;上台 17、beg v. 请求;乞求 beg sb. to do sth. 乞求(某人)做某事 beg sb. for sth. 向某人要某东西 Beg your pardon 请原谅;请再说一遍(情景交际题) 18、reward n. 报酬;奖金 vt. 酬劳;奖赏 reward sb. with sth. 用??酬谢某人 reward sb. for (doing) sth. 因??而酬谢某人 in reward 作为报酬 as a reward for… 作为??的报酬(奖赏) give/ offer a reward to sb. for sth. 为某事而给某人奖赏 19、set up a laboratory 建立一个实验室 set up a fund for the Hope Project 为希望工程设立一项基金
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set out to do sth. 开始干??;着手于? set about doing sth 开始做... set out/ off for sp. 动身去某地 set off 引爆,使??爆炸,动身 20、be sentenced to 被判处??(徒刑) 21、opinion n. 意见;看法;主张 have a good/ bad/ high/ low opinion of sb./ sth. 对??评价好/不好/高/低 in one’s opinion = in the opinion of sb. 以??看来 the opinion of/ about sth. ??方面的意见/观点 22、fight (fought, fought) vi & vt. 打仗;打架;与??进行斗争或奋斗;对抗 fight for freedom 为争取自由而斗争 fight against ??为反对??而战 fight with… 同??斗争/同??并肩作战 fight with sb. about?? 因??而和某人争吵 23、be in prison 坐牢(强调状态) go to prison 去坐牢 escape from prison 越狱 send/ take sb. to prison 把某人送进监狱 put/ throw sb. into prison 把某人投进监狱 24、be grateful to sb. for sth. 因某事而感激某人 25、achieve vt. 完成,实现;达到(目的) ;赢得(名声) achieve nothing 一无所获 achieve success/ victory 获得成功/胜利 achieve one’s purpose/ goal 达到目的 achieve one’s aim/dream 实现目标/梦想 achieve a good reputation 获得好的名声 achieve modernization 实现现代化 achievement n. 成绩;业绩 achieveable adj.(事情)可完成的;可达到的 重点句子 1. However, this was a time when one had to have a passport to live in Johannesburg. 2. I worried about whether I would become out of work. 3. The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our right and progress until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 4. We were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. 5. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 6. It was a prison from which no one escaped. 7. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. 8. They were not cleverer than me, but they did pass the exams. 9. I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.

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