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高中英语必修5 unit 4 课文习题翻译


1. Find the idiomatic expressions in the reading passage
Idiomatic expressions cover a story trick of the trade Meaning to report on an important event clever ways known to experts


get the facts straight
get the wrong end of the stick this is how the story goes get a scoop

to present ideas fairly
not to understand an idea properly this is the story

to get the story first

1. Find the idiomatic expressions in the reading passage
Idiomatic expressions cover a story trick of the trade Meaning 新闻报道 职业诀窍

get the facts straight
get the wrong end of the stick this is how the story goes get a scoop

直接获得新闻
报道失实 事情是这样的

获得独家新闻

2. Complete sentence B using a word or phrase from the reading passage which has the opposite meaning to the words underlined in sentence A.
1. A By accident she broke that beautiful bowl.
B She deliberately broke that beautiful bowl.

2. A He did not steal the vase so he didn’t do anything wrong. B He did steal the vase so he is guilty.

2. Complete sentence B using a word or phrase from the reading passage which has the opposite meaning to the words underlined in sentence A.
1. A 她无意中把那只漂亮的碗打碎了.
B 她故意把那只漂亮的碗打碎了.

2. A 他没有偷那个花瓶,所以他没有做错什么.
B 他确实偷了花瓶,所以他有罪.

3. A She does not get absorbed in her studies for long. B She can concentrate on her studies for a long time. 4. A The reporter went out with an untrained photographer. B The reporter went out with a (an) professional photographer. 5. A Chris is not interested in starting his new job. B Chris is eager to start his new job.

3. A 她不能长时间的集中精力学习. B 她可以长时间的集中精力学习. 4. A 那个记者带了一个没有受过训练的摄影师 出去. B 那个记者带了一个专业的摄影师出去. 5. A 克里斯对开始他的新工作不感兴趣. B 克里斯很渴望开始他的新工作.

6. A “This room needs a light clean,” explained the housewife. B “ This room needs a thorough clean ,” explained the housewife. 7. A The law allows people to defend themselves against a charge. B The law does not allow people to accuse themselves of a crime. 8. A I don’t mind losing that skill if it is not useful. B I want to acquire that skill if it is useful.

6. A 那位家庭主妇解释说:“房间需要稍微打 扫了。” B 那位家庭主妇解释说:“房间需要完全打 扫了。” 7. A 法律允许人们为自己辩护. B 法律不要求人们指控自己是罪犯. 8. A 我不在乎丧失没有用的技能. B 如果技能有用,我就想学到它.

Complete this passage using the words below in the correct form. sceptical deadline colleague publish dilemma photographer delighted meanwhile assist submit amateur unusual assistant editor assesse assistant My first assignment was a (an) _______ to a photographer

famous fashion _____, who was going to take photos of a model by the name of Wang Li. I felt delighted assist ________ as I was to __________ him. We had not editor gone far when our ______ called. “Be sure to finish your task before thedeadline My colleague _____.” ________ laughed. “He wants us to concentrate on the time because I’ve missed deadlines before,” he said to me. When we arrived, we found Wang Li was

我的第一个任务是给一个著名的时装摄 影师当助手,他将要去给一个叫王丽的 模特拍照。我能去援助他,我感到很高 兴。我们还没有走多远,编辑就给我们 打电话。“你们要保证在最后期限之前 完成任务。”我的同事笑了。他对我说 :“他是想让我们留心时间,因为我以 前错过最后期限。”到了之后,我们发 现王丽极其的迷人。

sceptical deadline colleague publish dilemma photographer delighted meanwhile assist submit amateur unusual assistant editor assess

extremely charming. She explained that as an amateur ________ photographer she expected all the submitted photographs to be _______ to her before they were published This was a dilemma as there was little ________. _______ assessed time before the deadline. My colleague ______ the situation and announced that as this was unusual he ______ Meanwhile would have to refer the matter to his editor. ______ he would get ready. At first Wang Li was scepticalbut _____, when our editor rang to inform her that she would have her photographs before they were published, she was satisfied.

她解释说,作为一个摄影师的业余爱 好者,她希望所有的照片在出版之前 能够给她一份。这很为难,因为离最 后期限的时间已经不多了。我的同事 估计了一下形势之后说这不符合常规 ,他得把这事告诉主编。同时,他也 会做好准备的。起初王丽很怀疑,但 是当我们的编辑给她打电话通知她可 以在出版之前领照片的时候,她才感 到满意。

1. You will see so many seats only at a stadium in Beijing. Only at a stadium in Beijing will you see so many seats. 只有在北京运动场你才能看到有这么多座位。 2. I have seldom seen a situation which made me so angry. Seldom have I seen a situation which made me so angry.

我很少看到会让我如此生气的场景。

3. You will be able to write a good report only after you have acquired the information you need. Only after you have acquired the information you need will you be able to write a good report. 4. He gave a lot of presents to his friends, but he has never given one to me. Never has he given a present to me though he gave a lot (of presents) to his friends.

3. 你只有获得了你需要的信息之后, 你才能写出好的报告。 4. 他把很多礼物都给了他的朋友,但 是他一个礼物都没有给我。

5. She is not only good at languages, but also at history and geography. Not only is she good at language, but she is also good at history and geography. 她不仅擅长语言,而且还擅长历史和地理。 6. I have never read such an exciting report before. Never before have I read such an exciting report. 以前我从来都没有读过这样激动人心的报告。

7. She took part in a horse riding competition, and did not miss a jump once. Not once did she miss a jump when she took part in the horse riding competition. 她参加骑马比赛的时候,没有错过一次 跳跃。

Answer key for exercise 1 on page 29

倒装 (Inversion)

由于语法,修辞等的需要, 2. Not only am I interested in photography, but I 将谓语全部或者一部分提 took an amateur course at university to update my skills. 到主语的前面,这种语序 3. Only if you ask many different questions will you 叫倒装。倒装分为全部倒 acquire all the information you need to know. 装和部分倒装。

1. Never will Zhou Yang forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper.

语法精解
1. 倒装 Inversions
英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前,谓语 在后。把谓语动词放在主语之前, 就叫 倒装结构。如果全部谓语放在主语之 前, 叫全部倒装; 如果只把助动词或be 动词放在主语之前就叫部分倒装。

基本语序 natural order

subject 主+ predicate 谓+object 宾

I

love

English.

完全倒装

Here came the headmaster.
部分倒装

Nerve will I forgive you.

1. never, hardly, seldom, scarcely, little, at no time, not only, barely, rarely, little, not a bit,no 等否定词开头的句 子,要用部分倒装。 Never shall I do this again. At no time can you say “no” to the order. Little do I dream I would see you here.

2. only 与所修饰的状语位于句首,句
子需进行部分倒装。


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