Unit 2 Extensive reading
A Biography of Isaac Asimov
1The boy’s new electronic toy train was B_____ envy of his friends . A a B the C / D a / the 2 Preparations are being mad
e for the A Olympic Games ___in Beijing in 2008 . A to be held B held C holding D to hold 3 All these gifts must be mailed immediately ___in time for Christmas . C A in order to have received B in order to receive C so as to be received D so as to be receiving
4 Was it during the Second World War ___he A died ? A that B while C in which D then 5 He made another wonderful discovery, A ____of great importance to science . A which I think is B which I think it is C which I think it D I think which is 6 Would you please tell me the way you B thought of _____difficulties ? A smoothing away B to smooth away C doing away with D to make your way to
7 Nick is looking for another job because he feels that nothing he does ____ B his boss . A serves B satisfies C promises D supports D we’re 8 All the preparations for the task ____, ready to start . A completed B complete C had been completed D have been completed
1 What’s the main idea of the text ?
Introduction a famous American science fiction writer Issac Asimov’s life and works .
2 How many years did Issac Asimov work in store? D A5 B 9 C 11 D 13
3. Who was Issac Asimov? C A. An American scientist and writer who got his PhD in physics in 1948. B. An Russian scientist and writer who married twice. C. An Russian - American scientist and writer who became a full time writer in 1958. D. An American - Russian scientist and writer who had 2 children. 4. In which book did he develop a set of three laws? B A. The Foundation Trilogy B. I, Robot C. In his first novel D. In his first science book.
5. What was Asimov best known for? B A. His mystery stories. B. His science fiction stories. C. His science and history books. D. His books about the Bible and about Shakespeare. A 6. .All the followings are true except_____. A. Asimov?s talent for writing wasn?t obvious when he was young. B. He began having his stories published in science magazine in 1939. C. He published his first novel in 1950. D. He published his first science book in 1953.
7. What might happen in a world where there were robots if Asimov?s three laws didn?t exist? D A. Maybe robots will harm or injure human beings. B. Maybe robots will disobey human beings. C. In order to protect their own existence, robots may injure human beings. D. All of the above.
8 Why could Issac Asimov become a writer ?
A A friend of his made him a writer B His parents wanted him to be a writer C He had the talent for writing D He had so many experiences in his life .
9 Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text ? C A Issac Asimov didn?t publish books until he became a fulltime writer .
B Issac Asimov?s ideas about robots completely influenced scientists researching into artificial intelligence
C Robots should protect human beings in “I,robot .”
D Issac Asimov wrote some famous plays about Shakespeare .
Read about Isaac Asimov and complete the timeline of the events in his life. Date Event
1920 1922 1923 Born in Russia. Sister born ___________. ___________________________. Moved with family to New York Parents bought a candy store. 1929 Started ___________________________. working in a candy store Mother had her third child. 1931 ____ Started to take himself seriously as a writer. 1939 ________________________________ Began having stories published in science fiction magazines ________________________________.
Gained Master’s degree in chemistry. 1942 Finished working in the candy store. Got married ________________. 1942-1945 Worked _____________________________. as junior chemist, Philadelphia Navy Yard 1948 ____ Got PhD in chemistry. 1949 ____ Became a biochemistry teacher, Boston University School of Medicine. 1950 Published his first novel. _____________ Published “I, Robot” . Developed three laws for robots.
1951-1953 Published “The Foundation Trilogy” and won an award for it. 1953 _____ Published first science book _____ Became a full-time writer. 1958 1973 Divorced his first wife. Married for a second time __________________________. 1983 _____ Had a blood transfusion. Became infected with HIV. 1992 ________________________. Died in New York
? 1. A Biography of Isaac Asimov
? biography n.传记 ? bio(尤其供公开发表的)个人简历(biography的缩写)
? bio cards传记档案卡; bio information传记资料
? bio-表示“生命, 生物”之义 ? biophysics生物物理学
? biochemistry n.生物化学
2 an American scientist and writer 一位科学家兼作家
is / was The singer and dancer _______( be ) coming for a visit .
The singer and the dancer __________(be) Coming for a visit .
is / was A knife and fork _______ ( be ) on the desk .
3 fiction : stories / novels ,etc which describe events and people do not exist non-fiction : writing that is about real people ,events and facts literature: writing that is considered to be work of art , including novels ,plays and poetry
4 Asimov had both an extraordinary imagination that gave him the ability to ….and an amazing mind with which he searched for …. “介词＋which/ whom”的结构引导定语从句 阿西莫夫不仅有着超凡的想象力,使他能 对未来世界进行探索,而且还有惊人的智 力,使他能对现在和过去的各种事物作出 解析
? 2) 句子分析：Asimov had both an
extraordinary imagination and an amazing mind 是句子的主要部分，had 在句中有两个宾语imagination和mind, 他们分别带了自己的宾语从句。that引导 的从句修饰imagination; with which引 导的定语从句修饰mind。动词不定式to explore future worlds 修饰ability。
He seemed to be looking for the words with which he could express what he was thinking about . The novel from which the films has been adapted for Children is written by a famous American writer . The car ,for which I paid a lot of money ,is now out of date . He is telling a storey of a hero, of whom everyone in the town is proud In the dark street , there wasn?t a single person _______they could turn for help . C
A whom B who C to whom D from whom
The Nile , ________electricity is produced ,no longer destroys villages and crops . A which B from which C form it D from that ----- How do you like the cake ？
C had last ------ It?s quite different from _____I month .
A that B which C the one D the one what
5 search + 地方 / 人 表示在某地/某人身上寻找/搜寻
search for 寻找某物
= search + place + for + object
in search of 寻找,作状语,表示目的
searched The enemies _____________the Red Army man everywhere . searched the whole city _______the for They have ____________ missing boy . in search of The boy has been to many places _____________his lost cat .
6 explanation n.解释, 解说, 说明, 辩解, 互相讲明 ? What is your explanation for being late? ? The only explanation for his behavior is that he?s mad. ? explain v.解释, 说明 ? explain sth to sb ? We explained our plan to the committee. 7 From 1942 to 1948 he worked as a junior chemist … junior adj. younger , lower in rank 较年轻的/职位稍 低的 He is the junior employee in the firm . He is two years junior to me. senior: older; higher in rank较年长的；职位稍高的 He is two years senior to me. senior citizens 老人
? 7 he started to take himself seriously as a
? take sb/ sth seriously: regard sb/ sth as
important and worth treating with respect认真对 待某人／某事 He takes things too seriously.他对事太认真了。 You can?t take her promises seriously; she never keeps her word. If you can?t treat your study seriously, you will fail in the coming examination. 反义词：take … for granted认为…是理所当然的， 想当然，不把…当回事
? 8 Soon after his divorce in 1973, …
? divorce n.: legal ending of a marriage离婚, 脱离 ? vt.: put an end to a marriage by law使离婚, 与...脱 ? ? ? ?
离 ask for a divorce; get divorced; divorce … from His wife asked for a divorce. They got divorced last year. They are divorcing each other. She divorced her husband two years ago. We shouldn?t divorce theory from practice.
9 award ( vt / n )
award He won the __________for the best student of year .
honour It ?s an ___________to hear you speak so highly of me . Prize He won the Nobel _________for literature . reward $ 100 for helping them. He got a ________of
honour / prize / reward
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