Module 6 Old and New 基础落实
1.The military and civil (民用的) authorities are working together to quell (镇压) the
2.The structure (结构) of the brain is ver
3.The church dates (始于) from the 13th century.
4.Bigger and bigger highways have been built to accommodate (容纳) more cars.
5.When we got to the hotel,it was still under construction (建造). 6.The flowing water is used to drive turbines, which generates (产生) electricity. 7.Many of the novels we read today are historical (历史的) ones. 8.Burning coal has led to global（全球的） warming. 9.There are plans to widen the narrowest (最 狭窄的) sections of the road. 10.Our office has removed (搬迁) to Shanghai from Beijing.
1.date from 起源于→date back to 追溯到→up to date 迄今为止；到目前为止 2.hold back 阻碍→hold down 抑制(价格等的) 上升→hold on 别挂断；稍候→hold on to 紧
紧抓住；握住→hold up 支撑；抢劫；使耽搁 3.come true (梦想等)变成现实→come to 达
到；谈及→How come...?怎么会？ 4.make sense 有意义;有道理→in no sense 决不 5.work out 计算出；解决→work on 致力于 →work against sb.对某人不利→work up to sth.逐步发展到??
6.bring an end to ...结束??；终止?? →come to an end 结束 7.now that 既然→up to now 直到现在→from now on 从现在开始→now and then/again 时
8.be full of 充满→be filled with 充满 →lead a full life 过着充实的生活 9.cross out 划掉，删掉→leave out 漏掉 10.be on a visit to sb.拜访某人
1.The Great Wall of China is the longest
man made structure ever built.中国的长城 是曾经建造的最长的人工建筑物。 考点提炼 过去分词作后置定语 句子仿造 这是拍摄过的最好的一部电影。 This is the best film ever filmed.
2.The people living in the village have moved to other places.
考点提炼 v.-ing短语作后置定语 句子仿造 正在做关于英语发音演讲的人是一 名美国人。 The person making a speech about English pronunciation is an American.
3.Three quarters of China’s energy is
produced by burning coal. 中国3/4的能量是通过燃煤获得的。 考点提炼 句子仿造 介词by表示“通过某种方式或手段” 在过去，小男孩也可以通过挑拣苹
In the past, little boys could earn money by sorting apples.
4.Is it possible to see the relics now that
they have been submerged? 既然这些遗迹已经被淹没了，还有可能看到它 们吗？ 考点提炼 it在句中作形式主语 句子仿造 她有可能在回家的路上迷路了。 It is possible that she has lost on the way home.
5.Some of them are being removed and some are being put into museums.
考点提炼 句子仿造 现在进行时的被动语态 我有种感觉我们正被人跟踪。
I have a feeling that we are being followed.
重点单词 1.accommodate v.容纳；向??提供；(使)适
The airport...is designed to accommodate 80 million passengers a year. 这座机场??被设计成每年能接纳8亿乘客。 (回归课本P51) ?观察思考 He accommodated me with the use of his house while he is abroad.
Wherever he goes,he can accommodate himself
to new circumstances. 无论走到哪里，他都能适应新环境。 We’ve made every effort to accommodate your point of view.
归纳拓展 accommodation n.住宿，住处，膳宿服务
accommodate sb.(with sth.)帮忙；给??提供
方便 accommodate sb.for the night留某人过夜 accommodate oneself to sth.使自己适应??
(1)We should A ourselves conditions.
A.accommodate;to C.get;for 解析
accommodate oneself to sth.使自己
适应??，相当于 adapt 的用法。
(2)The new apartment built a few months ago
is large enough to
people. A.contain C.reside 解析
D over two hundred B.provide D.accommodate
观察思考 The heavy traffic crawled through the narrow tunnel. 拥挤的车辆慢吞吞地穿过狭窄的隧道。
She has very narrow ideas about religion.
她对宗教的见解很狭隘。 That was a narrow escape;we were lucky. 那真是死里逃生,我们真幸运。 The police have now narrowed down the
list of suspects.
a narrow victory险胜 in a narrow sense在狭义上 narrow down缩小（范围等） 活学活用
The performer was waving his stick in the
street and fortunately，it A missed the child standing nearby.
C.hardly 解析 饰动词用副词，故选A。
3.remove v.移动，迁移；搬开；丢掉，除 去；使离开
Some of them are being removed and some are being put into museums. 它们中的一些正被迁移，一些正被放入博物馆。 (回归课本P53)
Because of the serious air pollution,the family is removing to the countryside.
She removed all the books from the desk before leaving school. 离校前她把书桌上的书全搬走了。
He was removed from school for playing
truant too often.
他因逃学太多被开除了。 归纳拓展 removal n.移动；免职 remove from ...to ...从??搬迁到??(=move)
be removed from school被开除(勒令退学)
be removed from...与??远离;与??疏远; 与??不一样
remove sth.from sp.把??从某处移开
remove one’s clothes脱衣服
易混辨异 move/remove 二者都含有“移动”的意思。 (1)move强调位置和姿势的改变。 (2)remove强调完全放弃原来的地方而到达新的位
Life in the army B from the comfort of one’s parents’ home.
A.was moved C.removed 解析 B.was removed D.moved
be removed from...与??不一样。句意
4.freezing adj.冻结的；极冷的；冷却的； 冷淡的;n.冰点
It was freezing on the boat. 在船上非常冷。(回归课本P58) 观察思考 It’s below freezing outside.You’d better put on more clothes.
The temperature has dropped to the freezing (point). 气温已降到了冰点。 The water at the edge of the lake froze last night.湖边的水昨晚结冰了。
I’m going to freeze some of these beans. 我打算把这些豆子中的一部分冷藏起来。
freeze v.使冻结/结冰 below freezing零度以下
the freezing point冰点 frozen meat冻肉 freeze meat 把肉冷冻起来 freeze (sb.) to death (把某人)冻死
be frozen to death 被冻死
According to the weather report, tonight
the temperature will fall to 3 degrees below B A.freeze C.frozen . B.freezing D.freezed
freezing 冰点,相当于the freezing
5.date from 起源于；追溯到
Most of the Great Wall dates from the Ming Dynasty. 长城的绝大部分都始建于明朝。(回归课本P51) 观察思考
Mr.Black is my old friend.Our friendship
dates from/back to 1985. 布莱克先生是我的老朋友。我们的友谊始于 1985年。 The information on that paper is already
out of date.
归纳拓展 set a date for...确定??的日期
out of date过时的；陈旧的
to date迄今为止 up-to-date adj.最新的；现代的
up to date直到现在的;最新式的
date from/back to追溯到；始于；自??至今 go out on dates去约会
注意 date from和date back to作谓语时常用一 般现在时且无被动语态;一般地，date from/date back to后接时间点；date back后接时间段。
(1)These old buildings possibly date from the Tang Dynasty. (2)The list is up to date now that we’ve added the new members’ names.
(3)Cassette tape recorders are out of date now.Only old people are still using them.
(4)Have you set a date for your wedding, Mary?
Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he dreamed of “walls of stone to hold back clouds and rain till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges”.
The police cordon was unable to hold back the crowd. 警方的警戒线阻挡不住人群。 She just managed to hold back her anger.
The building of the new road has been held up by bad weather.
I think he’s holding something back;he knows more than he admits. 我认为他有所隐瞒，他知道的比他承认的要多。
hold on to 抓住；保持；不放弃 hold down保住(工作、职位等)(无被动形式) hold up 举起;使停顿;耽误；抢劫 hold one’s breath 屏息 hold one’s head up 抬起头来 hold out伸出；维持；守住 hold water 经受严厉考验
catch/get/grab/seize/take hold of 抓住,拿住,
活学活用 People have planted a great many trees in order to C wind and sand in the desert. A.hold down B.hold up C.hold back D.hold out
hold down保住(工作、职位等);hold up
举起;耽误;hold back阻止;hold out伸出;守住。
Now his dream has come true . 如今，他的理想变成了现实。(回归课本P53) 观察思考 This great prediction is coming true.
The rabbit the boy drew was true to life. 这小孩画的兔子很逼真。
归纳拓展 true to life 栩栩如生；逼真 true to one’s word(s) 说话算数；履行诺言 come about发生 come across偶然遇见
come off脱落；成功 come out开花；出版 come up发芽；被提及 come up with找到；想出(答案、办法等)
(sth.) come true 不用于被动语态,(sb.)
realize (sth.) 可用于被动语态。 活学活用 I’d always dreamt owning my own house, but I never thought it would C . A.come up B.come out C.come true 解析 正确。 D.come off come true实现；come up发芽；come out
This sentence doesn’t make sense to me;I
can’t understand it. 在我看来这句子讲不通，我看不懂它。
Can you make any sense of the instructions
at all? 你究竟能不能看懂这说明？ There is no sense in going there now. 现在去那里没有什么意义。
make sense of...了解??的意义；懂得?? in no sense 绝不 in a sense 在某一方面；就某种意义来说 come to one’s senses 恢复理性；苏醒
lose one’s senses 昏过去；发疯；失去理性
be out of one’s (right) senses 失常，失去理智， 神经错乱
a sense of duty/humor/beauty/direction责任/幽默/
审美/方向感 There is no sense in doing sth.做某事没道理/意义
活学活用 (1)What’s the A of having a public open space where you can’t eat,drink or even simply hang out for a while?
case情况,问题；opinion意见，看法。四个选 项中只能A项符合语境。 (2)把你的想法强加于别人是没道理的。 There is no sense in forcing your idea on others.
9.The dam will generate electricity
equal to about 40 million tons of coal without causing so much air pollution. 大坝能生产相当于燃烧4 000万吨煤所产生 的电量，而且不会造成那么严重的空气污染。
(1)句中的equal to about 40 million tons of coal为形容词短语作后置定语修饰 electricity，相当于定语从句which is equal to about 40 million tons of coal。
People interested in dancing can come and
(2)介词短语without causing so much air pollution在句中作伴随状语。
Because there was no electricity,he had to
go to work without having breakfast. 因为没有电，他不得不没吃早饭就去上班。 (3)equal to...等于??;相当于??；胜任?? 活学活用 There is only a little money A the trip. A.available for B.using in C.spent in 解析 D.which are available 作定语时要后置。在本句中相
当于定语从句which can be available for the trip。
【例1】 We went through a period
the rural areas. A.which C.in which 解析 C communications were very difficult in （上海高考） B.whose D.with which
语,故其后的定语从句中关系词应为副词性质, 所以空格处应使用关系副词when或in which。
Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he dreamed of “walls of stone to hold back clouds and
【例2】 C TV. A.One C.It 解析
felt funny watching myself on
B.This D.That it为形式主语，真正的主语为动名词
短语watching myself on TV。
It was strange to think that, when my grandparents lived in the village,there
wasn’t a reservoir there at all!
【例3】There is a great deal of evidence
B that music activities engage different parts of the brain.（浙江高考）
A.indicate C.to indicate 解析 B.indicating D.to be indicating
课文原文 The people living in the village have
moved to other places.
【例4】 Would you please keep silent?The
weather report B and I want to listen. （湖南高考）
A.is broadcast B.is being broadcast C.has been broadcast
D.had been broadcast
解析 句意为:请你保持安静好吗？正在广播 天气预报,我想听听。broadcast与主语the
课文原文 Some of them are being removed and some are being put into museums.
【例5】 The road conditions there turned out to be very good, C was more than we could expect. （全国Ⅱ高考） A.it C.which B.what D.that
这超出了我们的想象 。which引导非限制性定 语从句，which指代前面整个句子的内容。A、 B、D三项均不能引导非限制性定语从句。 课文原文
The Three Gorges Dam,which is the biggest construction project in China since the
building of the Great Wall...
1.The plane crashed (失事) over the Atlantic Ocean causing more than 200 deaths.
2.In the plain area,the freezing (结冰) point is usually 0℃. 3.What he said just now was ridiculous (荒谬 的).None of us believed it. 4.The bridge ahead is under construction (建 造).We have to choose another road to the town.
5.The room was not big enough to accommodate (容纳) all the people present at the
meeting,so we had to find a bigger one.
6.The doctor asked the patient to remove (脱掉) his coat to examine him.
7.Global (全球) warming is one of the problems human beings are facing in the world.
8.It is difficult to travel through the town on a foggy (有雾的) morning. 9.They will do their best to generate (产生) more energy from the wind and sun. 10.Although he majored in engineering (工程 学),he became a teacher at last.
date from,hold back,come true,make sense, bring an end to,on condition that,have a sense of,take advantage of,make a great contribution to,first of all 1.Charlie Chaplin made a great contribution to the film industry. 2.He took advantage of my mild nature and didn’t apologize to me.
3.As a monitor,you should have a sense of responsibility.
4.It’s time we brought an end to the argument of this matter.
5.You may borrow the book, on condition that you don’t lend it to anyone else. 6.First of all ,let me say how glad I am to meet you here. 7.The old temple in our hometown dates from the Song Dynasty. 8.His dream to be admitted to a famous university came true at last. 9.The villagers built banks of earth to hold back the flood water. 10.If you take away the relative clause,does the sentence still make sense ?
1.天太晚了，他们不得不结束会议。(bring an end to)
It was too late and they had to bring an
end to the meeting.
The countryside provides vegetables for the city.
3.这座城堡始建于14世纪。（date back to） The castle dates back to the 14th century.
4.他爬长城的梦想实现了。（come true) His dream of climbing the Great Wall has come true.
5.Nowadays,the energy of the sun is widely
used to generate electricity. 现在，太阳能被广泛用于发电。
1.The temple A the Tang period was designed by a painter and a famous architect. A.dating back to C.date from B.dating back D.date back to
dating back to作后置定语，相当于一
2.We should not take steps for D economic reasons without considering social effects. A.thin C.sorrow 解析 B.thick D.narrow
3.It seems quite D to expect a student to acquire so many fresh skills within such
a short period. A.urgent C.scary B.available D.ridiculous
4.The patient was A from the private room to a ward. A.removed C.repeated 解析 某处挪/搬到某处。 B.restored D.responded
remove sb. from sp. to sp.把某人从
5.—He wants to be a great painter one day. —His dream will A sooner or later. A.come true B.realize C.come out 解析 D.publish come true实现,为不及物动词短语。
realize实现，为及物动词；come out出现； publish出版。
6.I have read the material several times
but it doesn’t make any C to me. A.meaning B.importance
C.sense 解析 能理解。 D.significance make sense to sb.对某人来说有意义/
7.At last the town council C the law that
carnival was banned in the town. A.came to an end B.was ended C.put an end to
D.was put an end to
解析 put an end to...结束??；come to an end结束。由空后的the law知C项正确。
8.The orange trees should be watered at the exact moment the temperature drops to the C point. A.freeze C.freezing 解析 形容词。 B.frozen D.freezer
the freezing point冰点。freezing是
9.I’ve always been D being a great educator since high school.I’ll try my best to realize my dream. A.intending to B.sticking to
由第二句中的...to realize my dream知
10.The new suspension bridge B by the famous
A.designing;under construction B.designed;under construction C.designing;under the construction D.designed;under the construction
动宾关系，故用designed；under construction在 建造中，是固定搭配。
11.Would you be kind enough to A us for the night in your home? A.accommodate C.supply B.provide D.offer
12. A the term is finished,I’m going to rest a few days and then take a trip. A.Now that C.As if B.Even if D.So that
even if即使；as if好像；so that结果。
13.The 1,318?kilometer advanced high speed
railway D by 2010,when the World Expo is held in Shanghai.
A.will complete B.is completed C.has been completed
D.will have been completed
解析 根据句子的时间状语“by 2010,when the World Expo is held in Shanghai”知用
14.Tell me about it—don’t A anything! A.hold;back B.hold;on
C.hold;up 解析 D.hold;out 由句意可知，此处指“隐瞒”，故选
hold back;hold on不要挂断电话;hold up阻
15.Nowadays the power of the wind is being A to generate electricity. A.harnessed C.produced 解析 B.made D.exploited
发(自然资源)”；C项和空后的 generate 意
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