1. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 2. ① In order to have a good
look at the moon by myself, I stay awake on purpose until half past eleven. ② I stay awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. 3. ① I happened to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. ② It happened that I was to be upstairs ad dust when the window was open. 4. ① I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. ② It was not until the window had to be shut that I went upstairs. ③ Not until the window had to be shut did I go down stairs. 5. ① It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. ② It is the first time that they have seen each other. 6. I’m having some trouble / difficulty with my English at the moment. in studying English at the moment. 7. I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. How are you getting along with your study? on with your study? 8. By now I have learned English for 10 years. By the end of last year, I had learned English for about 10 years. By the end of this year, I will have learned English for 10 years. 9. He didn’t go to school because it rained heavily because of / due to the heavy rain 10. ①British English and American English are different from each other. ②British English is different from American English. differs from American English. 11. It is / has been 2 years since they came here. It was / had been 2 years since they had come here. 12. It was two years ago that I began to learn English. It is two years since I began to learn English. 13. It was two years before he came back from abroad. It was two years later that he came back from abroad. 12. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from it begins to where it ends. 13. ①She is so lovely a girl that we all like her. ②She is such a lovely girl that we all like her. ③They are such lovely girls that we all like them. ④There is such dirty water that we can’t bear it. ⑤There are so many people in the street that I don’t want to go out. ⑥There is so much noise in the street that I don’t want to go out. 14. It seemed as if / though the world was at an end. 15. She devotes her life to helping others.
18. 19. 22. 23.
24. 25. 26.
27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.
She is devoted to helping others. She buries herself in helping others. She is buried in helping others. The last 30 years have seen the great changes in China. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. Only in this way cay you do the job better. Only then you correct your mistake, can you make such progress. It is the first that we have seen each other. It was the first that we had seen each other. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for a German city. ( It is ) no wonder ( that ) he hasn’t passed the exam. The place is well worth visiting. a visit. The book is worth 50 yuan. what I paid. The place is worthy of being visited to be visited. It is worthwhile to visit the place visiting the place ①We think highly / well / much of the teacher. ②The teacher is highly / well thought of. I live in the place that you call “Ancient Greece”. what you call “Ancient Greece”. No other countries could join in nor could slaves or women! I don’t know about it, neither do I care. If you go there tomorrow, so will I. Not only does Tom study well, but he also plays basketball wonderfully. There is as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. As time went by, I was made smaller with time going by. ①It rained heavily. As a result, he was late for school. ②He was late for school as a result of the heavy rain. ①His laziness resulted in his failure. ②His failure resulted from his laziness. I would appreciate it if you could help me. Humans came into being long before. I’m sure he will come back before long. It won’t be long before he comes back. To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to being rich and famous. He pretended to be honest. a thief. He pretended to be reading a book when I came in. He pretended to have known the truth when I met him. ①I’m familiar with the name.
②The name is familiar to me. 37. It was obvious / clear that he had been told about the truth. 38. ①It is known to us all that the earth is round. ②As is known to all that the earth is round. ③What is known to us is that the earth is round. 39. —How are you getting on? —Nothing could be better. Nothing has a better voice in his class. I have never had a more delicious dinner. I can’t agree more (with you). 40. The cock lying there lied that he had laid an egg. 41. It was the ship that brought you to England. Was that the ship that brought you to England? What was it that brought you to England? Do you know what it was that brought you to England? 42. The river is more than twice as wide as that one. wider than that one the width of that one. The output of cotton this year is three times that of last year. what it was in 2006. They like this jacket better than that one, but it costs almost three times as much. 43. We compare Chairman Mao to the sun. Don’t compare yourself with others. Compared with / to others, you are lucky enough. 44. ①He prefers staying at home to going out on Sundays. ②He prefers to stay at home rather than go out on Sundays, ③He would rather stay at home than go out on Sundays. ④He would stay at home rather than go out on Sundays. 45. ①A good idea hit me that we should tell her the truth as soon as possible. ②I hit on a good idea that we should tell her the truth as soon as possible. ③A good idea occurred to me that we should tell her the truth as soon as possible. ④ A good idea struck me that we should tell her the truth as soon as possible. 46. It is likely that he will succeed in the match. He is likely to succeed in the match It is possible that he will succeed in the match. 47. How did it come about that you were late again? 48. The reason why he was late was that he missed the first bus. 49. We were having a meeting when someone broke in. I was about to go swimming when the guide stopped me. We were on the point of leaving when it suddenly began to rain. 50. ①The moment I saw him, I recognized him. ②As soon as / The time I saw him, I recognized him. 51. On arriving at the station, the thief was arrested. On his arrival at the station, the thief was arrested.
52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57.
58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65.
66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72.
The last time I saw Tom, he was lying in bed. I will do all I can to help you. A heavy snow promises a good harvest. Make a mark where you have any question. Air is to us what water is to fish. Reading is to mind what food is to the body. He is taller than any other student in his class. anyone else in his class. any of the other students in his class. all the other students in his class. Canada is larger than any country in Asia. The more you study, the happier you feel. Tom has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has a higher IQ. Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia? With the development of modern agriculture and industry, more and more waste is produced. Hardly / Scarcely had he left home when it began to rain. No sooner had he left home than it began to rain. Manage as we might, we could not get out of the difficulty. Hero as he is, he has some shortcomings. Where there is a will, there is a way. ①Whatever difficulties you meet with, you should try to overcome them. ②However many difficulties you meet with, you should try to overcome them. ③However difficult the problem maybe, we must work it out this evening. It was the fifth time that he had visited Beijing. It is no use crying over spilt milk. It took her three hours to repair her bicycle. She feel it her duty to take good care of the baby. There is no doubt at all that we did the right thing. Word came that a strong earthquake struck Sichuan, making hundreds of thousands of people homeless. I was about to go out when the telephone rang.
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