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北师大版高中英语课件unit 2 L1-2 National Heroes


L1 National Heroes
Language points

Listening

China’s manned spaceship lifted off at 9 a.m. Wednesday, October 15th,2003 in Jiuquan, Gansu Province.

lif

t off (火箭或航天器)发射,升空,起飞
The rocket lifted off. 火箭发射了。
lift vt.举起 vi (云雾等)消散, (飞机) 起飞 n. 举起, 抬 升 电梯, 搭(便车)

took the lift I _______________ (乘电梯) to the fifth floor. lifted The fog has_________ .(消散了) asked for a lift On my way to the airport, a stranger ____________.(要求 搭便车) He_____________ of 100 kilos. (举起了一百公斤) made a lift

When the spaceship separated from the rocket, I suddenly got a feeling of soaring into the sky because of the zero gravity.
separate v (使)分离(使)分开 往往与from 搭配 a.分离的, 单独的 We should never separate from the masses. My brother and I have separate rooms.
because 连词 because of 表原因的介词短语 thanks to 幸亏, 多亏 owing to 由于 as a result of 因为……结果 on account of 因为

As we joined the big crowd I got _______ from my friends. a. separated b. spared c. lost d, missed

The open-air celebration has been put off _________ the bad weather.

a. in case of

b. in spite of

c. instead of

d. because of

The spaceship, called Shenzhou V, was carrying China’s first astronaut, Yang Liwei. The trees_______ in the storm have been moved off the road.
A. being blown down B. blown down C. blowing down D. to blow down

It is one of the funniest things ________ on the Internet so far this year. A. finding B. being found C. to find D. found

While the spaceship was circling the earth for the sixth time, Yang Liwei spoke with ground control in Gansu.
while 当……时候 在……期间 强调从句的动作与主句的动作同时发生, 从句动词为延续性动词,从句中常用进行时 当从句的主语与主句的主 语相同时,从句中主语及be动词常省略。

In some places women are expected to earn money _______men work at home and raised their children. a. but b. while c. because d. though While 也可作并列连词 表示 然而 但是

When the spaceship was doing its seventh circle, Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations, expressing the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully. 现在分词在句中作状语时,可以表示时间,条件,原因,伴随,方式, 结果等。
Hearing the news, he couldn’t help laughing. (表时间) Working hard, you will surely succeed. (表条件) The boy sat in front of the farm house, cutting the branch. (表伴随)

He came running back to tell me the news. (表方式)
The child slipped and fell, hitting his head against the door. (表结果) ———— that he was in great danger, Eric walked deeper into the forest.

a. Not realized

b. Not to realize c. Not realizing d. Not to have realize

When Shenzhou V let out its parachute, I felt the ship was shaking. let out 让……出去 ,发出(叫喊),泄露 ,放大 放宽
She let out a sudden scream. 她突然尖叫了一声。 Close the door, you’re letting the heat out. 关上门, 你把暖气都放跑了。 let sb. down I am counting on you to support me-don’t let me down. The teacher stressed again that the students should not _____ any important details while retelling the story. a. bring out b. let out c. leave out d. make out

As Yang Liwei returned into the earth’s atmosphere, helicopters were flying to where he would land, ready to collect him. (adj 或adj 词组作伴 随状语及结果状语)

He went to bed cold and hungry. Long and untidy, his hair played in the breeze.

After the long journey, the three of them went back home,_________. a. hungry and tiredly b. hungry and tired c. Hungrily and tiredly d. hungrily and tired

When Yang Liwei climbed out of the spaceship, he smiled and waved to the crowds waiting for him.
waiting for him 作定语 修饰the crowds 主动关系
lying Do you know the boy _______ under the big tree? (lie)

I have never seen a more moving/touching movie. (感人的) ________

I thought 21 hours was too short to stay in space. too…to…太……而不能 too 后时glad anxious delighted satisfied 等表情绪,情感 They are too anxious to leave. 他们急于离开。 He is too ready to help others. 他总是乐于助人。 I’m only too glad to see you. 见到你我非常高兴。
too… to 与can not或 only, never连用表示肯定的意思

You can’t be too careful to do your homework.你做作业越仔细越好。 only too I’m ________pleased to help you.
Must I turn off the gas after cooking? Of course, you can never be ______ careful with that. a. enough b. too c. so d. very

Modern Heroes
Grammar
一般过去时和过去进行时

Find more sentences
When the spaceship was lifting off, I could really feel the high gravity. When the spaceship separated from the rocket, I suddenly got the feeling of soaring into the sky.

1 While the spaceship was circling the earth for the sixth time, Yang Liwei spoke with ground control in Gansu. 2 While he was sleeping, the spaceship circled the earth twice. 3 When the spaceship was doing its seventh circle, Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations,… 4 The surface of the spaceship was glowing red when it came back into the earth’s atmosphere. 5 As Yang Liwei returned into the earth atmosphere, helicopters were flying to … 6 Millions of people all over China were watching TV when the spaceship landed safely.

语法小结

Form

? PAST SIMPLE: past form of verbs
? PAST CONTINUOUS: was/were+v-ing

语法小结

Function

? PAST SIMPLE:describe sth. happened
in the past or past situations.(过去的动作,
动作状态和习惯)

? PAST CONTINUOUS: sth. continued
for some time in the past, forming the background of an event.(过去时间内的持续
动作或描述故事发生的背景和状态)

语法小结

Use when, while or as to join sentences in two tenses:
When the spaceship separated from the rocket, I suddenly got a feeling of soaring into the sky… While he was sleeping, the spaceship circled the earth twice. As Yang Liwei returned into the earth atmosphere, helicopters were flying to …

When the teacher came in, we were talking.&While we were talking, the teacher came in. When the spaceship was doing its seventh circle, Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations. Strike while the iron is hot.(is为延续性动词,表示一种持续的状态) 趁热打铁。 The students took notes as they listened.(listen为延续性动词)学 生们边听课边做笔记。 When /While /As she was making a phone call,I was writing a letter.(make为延续性动词)当她在打电话时,我正在写信。 When he had finished his homework,he took a short rest.(finished先发生) 当他完成作业后,他休息了一会儿。 In some places women are expected to earn money while men work at home and raised their children. (while 然而 表示对比) As years go by,China is getting stronger and richer.随着时间一年一年过去, 中国变得越来越富强了。 Hardly…when =as soon as

? What was Pat doing when she heard the crash? ? What did Pat do when she looked out of the window?

?What was Jennifer doing when she saw the boy? ?What was the boy doing when Jennifer saw him? ?What did Jennifer do when she ran out of the house?

Homework

1. Read P92—Grammar
2. Do P67---- 4

Read Newspaper page 6


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