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高中英语必修四 Unit5 课文详解Book 4 -unit 5


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必修四 I.

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Theme Parks 主题公园

n.主题;题目 adj.中心的;中央的 adj. 不同的; 各种各

样的 unique adj.独一无二的;仅有的 carpenter n.木匠 craftsman n.匠人;能工巧匠 settler athletic n.移民者;殖民者 adj.运动的

theme central various

translator n.译员;翻译 minority n.少数;少数民族 Futuroscope n.观测未来

cartoon n.漫画;动画片 be famous for 以…闻名 roller coaster 过山车 whichever pron.无论哪一个;

engine n.引擎;发动机 bald adj.秃头的 vt.保存;保留 n.保护区 n.长度;长 n. 行动;事迹 n.骑士;爵士

preserve length deed knight 造 wizard sword joust

jungle n.丛林 diver n.潜水员 n.生物;动物

pirate n.海盗;盗版 fantasy n.幻想;怪念头 amusement swing n.消遣;娱乐 n.秋千; vi. vt. 摇摆


be modelled after 根据…模仿;仿

in advance 提前 advanced adj.高级的;先进的

n.魔术师 n.剑 vi.(指中世纪骑士)骑着马

brand n.商标;牌子 get close to 接近 come to life 活跃起来 outing n.外出;短途旅行;远足

attraction n.有吸引力的事物;吸引 no wonder 难怪;不足为奇 tourism n.旅游业 wherever pron.无论在什么地方;各处 shuttle n.往返汽车;航天飞机 freeway n.高速公路

用长矛打斗 tournament souvenir sneaker n.锦标赛;联赛


n.允许进入;入场费 承认

n.纪念品 n.运动鞋

brochure n.小册子;指南

II. Reading

THEME PARKS— FUN AND MORE THAN FUN 主题公园——不单单是乐趣 Which theme park would you like to visit?你愿意参观哪个主题公园? There are various kinds of theme parks, with a different park for almost everything: food, culture, science, cartoons, movies or history.有各种各样
的主题公园,主题公园里有不同的公园,每个公园里几乎有各种东西:饮食,文 化,科学,动漫,电影或历史。 【注释:various adj.不同的;各种各样的;多方

面的 many and various 各种各样的; a variety of/ varieties of 种种; vary between …and…由…到…情况 不等; vary from…to 由…到…情况不等; vary from 不同于; vary in sth.在某方面不同; eg. 1) There’s a variety of dishes on the meanu.菜单上有种类繁多的菜肴。 2) The menu varies with the season.菜单随季节 而变动。 3) Class numbers vary between 25 and 30.班级的数目从 25 到 30 不等。 考题:

1.There are________flowers and trees shown in the park and ________ people go to have a look. A.a plenty of;many B.varieties of;various C.various;many D.quite a few;quite a little】

Some parks are famous for having the biggest or longest roller coasters, others for showing the famous sights and sounds of a culture.一些公园以拥有最大的或最长的过山车而出名,别的公园则以展 示令人满意的文化视听而出名。 Whichever and whatever you like, there is a theme park for you!无
论你喜欢哪个、 喜欢什么, 有一个主题公园适合你! 注释: 【 whichever and whatever you like = No matter which and what you like,引导让步状语从句从;另外,whichever 与 whatever 还可以引导名词从句作主语、宾语或 表语, no matter +how/ when/ where/ what/ which/ who/ whom 只能引导让步状语从句, 但 不能引导名词从句。 如: No matter what you say(= Whatever you say), he won’t believe you. (作状语) 1) 2) It's a long trip whichever road you take. (作状语) 3) Whatever is left over is yours.


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4) Whatever happens, we'll meet here tonight.不管发生什么事情,我

们今晚都在这儿碰头. 作状语) 5) He seems to make enemies wherever he goes.他看上去走到哪儿敌人就树 ( 到哪儿. (作状语) 6) They made no effort to hide their amusement whenever I produced a packet of sweets from my pocket.每当我从衣袋里拿出一包糖果的时候,他们毫不掩饰他们觉得好笑。 (作状语) 7) I'll take whoever wants to go.(作宾语)谁想去我就带谁。 他都能回答。 (作状语) ) 8) He can answer the question however hard it is.不管问题有多难 名词从句及让步状语从句考查:

1) (09 皖) A good friend of mine from ___ I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing. A. how B. whom C. when D. which 2) (09 苏) Many young people in the West are expeceted to leave ____ could be life’s most important decision — marriage— almost entirely up to luck. A. as B. that C. which D. what 3) (09 陕) The how-to book can be of help to ____ wants to do the job. A. who B. whomever C. no matter who D. whoever 4) (09 全) Could I speak to ____ is in charge of International Sales, please? A. anyone B. someone C. whoever D. no matter who

5) Class regulations require ____ is the last to leave the classroom ___ off all the lights. A. who; should turn C. whomever; turns B. whom; shall turn D. whoever; turn

6) As is known to all, Australia was as a matter of fact ___ used to be a nation of prisoners. A. where B. which C. that D. what

7) The chief manager has decided to put ____ he thinks is energetic, clever and capable to the position of the leadership of the ompany. A. whatever B. whoever C. whichever D. whomever CDDCDDB】

The theme park you are probably most familiar with is Disneyland.你很可能最熟悉的主题公园
就是迪斯尼乐园。 【注释: sb. be familiar with sth.某人对某物新熟悉。 Sth. be familiar to sb.某物被某人所 熟悉。 It can be found in several parts of the world and make your dreams come true, whether 】

travelling through space, visiting a pirate ship or meeting your favourite fairy tale or Disney cartoon character.在世界几个地方能够看到迪斯尼乐园,能使你梦想成真,无论是穿越太空,参观海盗船, 还是见你最喜欢的童话或迪斯尼卡通人物。 【注释:①come ture 变成现实,如:Eventually, all of his dreams came ture.②whether...or...引出 dreams 的具体内容。 As you wander around the fantasy amusement 】 park, you may see Snow White or Mickey Mouse in a parade or on the street.当你漫步于梦幻般的充
满娱乐的公园时,你可以在游行的队伍里或大街上看到白雪公主或米老鼠。 【注释: wander ① vi. (1) (常与 in, off 连用) 漫游; 漫步; 漂泊 eg. The eg. (3)

children wandered in the woods.孩子们在森林里漫步。 精神恍惚 白日梦 eg. 以消遣


The river wanders through beautiful country.那河蜿蜒流过美丽的村庄。 eg.

His mind is wandering.他神志不清。 ②fantasy n. 幻想; do sth. for amusement 做某事

The young man lives in a world of fantasy.这个年青人生活在幻 n.[u]娱乐,消遣;[c]娱乐活动,娱乐品

想的世界里。③amusement at/ by 以...为乐

to one's amusement 让人感到愉快(有趣)的是 amusing adj.有趣的, 引人发笑的

amused adj. 感到有趣的 be amused with/
考题: Though many people are ____ by the ____ 2. D.amused;amusing 】

performances of cheerleaders,they don’t think highly of them. A.amused;amused B.amusing;amusing C.amusing;amused

Of course Disneyland also has many exciting rides, from giant swinging ships to terrifying free-fall drops.当然,迪斯尼乐园也有很多令人兴奋的乘骑玩具,从巨大的摇摆船到令人害怕的自由降落. With all these attractions, no wonder tourism is increasing wherever there is a Disneyland.拥有这


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些迷人的东西,也难怪无论在哪个地方只要有迪斯尼乐园,哪里旅游业都蒸蒸日上。 【注释;no wonder 也 难怪。 If you want to have fun and more than fun, come to Disneyland!如果你想玩得开心, 】 更好玩, 请来迪斯尼乐园! 【注释:have fun 玩得开心;好玩。注意这里的 fun 是不可以名词,其前面没有冠词。 】

Dollywood, in the beautiful Smoky Mountains in the southeastern USA, is one of the most unique theme parks in the world.多莱坞, 位于美国东南部美 丽 的烟 雾山上 ,是 世界 最 独特 的 主题 公园之 一。 Dollywood shows and celebrates America’s traditional southeastern culture.多莱坞表演、庆祝美国 传 统 的 东 南 文 化 。 Although Dollywood has rides, the park’s main attraction is its culture. 尽管多莱坞有乘骑游玩, 但公园的主要迷人之处是他的文化。 注释: 【 attraction n.
(1) 吸引, 吸引力 eg. The idea of working for state-owned enterprises has little attraction to young people (2) 引力 eg. The tides are caused by the nowadays.现时去国营企业就职的想法对年青人没有多大吸引力。

attraction of the moon for the earth.潮汐是由月亮对地球的引力引起的。 Famous country music groups 】

perform there all year in indoor and outdoor theatres.一些著名的国家音乐队在室内室外剧场一年到头
都有演出。 注释: year (= all the year round) 整年, 【 all 全年 eg. The weather is so good here that we can swim all (the) year round.天气如此之好, 以至于我们全年都能游泳。 】 People come from all over America to

see carpenters and other craftsmen make wood, glass and iron objects in the old-fashioned way.来
自全美的人可以看到木匠和其他艺人以老式的方式做木制的、玻璃的及铁制的物品。 【注释: all over 全部 地,整个地:遍布整个地区或范围:eg. a cloth embroidered all over with roses.一块绣满玫瑰花的布】 Visit

the candy shop to try the same kind of candy that American southerners made 150 years ago, or take a ride on the only steam-engine train still working in the southeast USA.参观糖果店来尝试 150
年前美国南方人所做的同样的糖果,或乘坐现在在美国南方依然还在运营的蒸汽列车。 【注释:①that Amerian southerners made 150 years ago 是定语从句, 修饰限制前面的先行词 candy; ②still working in the southeast USA 是现在分词短语作定语,修饰限定 steam-engine train,该分词与被修饰的词之间的关系为主谓 关系。现在分词作定语, ( 请参看必修一第一单元第 3 页) You can even see beautiful bald eagles in the world’s 】

largest bald eagle preserve.在世界最大的秃鹰保护区, 你甚至可以看到美丽的秃鹰。 注释: 【 preserve vt.
保护,维护,保存(使免受破坏);保留 preservation n.维护;保护;保持;保养 3.At minus 130℃,a living cell can be ________ for a thousand years. A.spared B.protected C.preserved D.Developed 】 n.保护区 preserve sb./sth.from sth.保护??免受??;

And for those who like rides, Dollywood has one of the best old wooden roller coasters, Thunderhead. 对 于 那 些 喜 欢乘 骑 的 , 多 莱坞 有 一 种最 好的 老 式 的 木 制过 山 车 ——雷暴 云 砧 。 It is world-famous for having the most length in the smallest space.它因在最小的空间拥有最长的线路而 世界闻名。 Come to Dollywood to have fun learning all about America’s historical southeastern culture!请到多莱坞来快乐地了解所有的有关美国东南部的历史文化。 【注释: learning all about America’s
historical southeastern culture 是现在分词短语作状语,表示同时伴随的情况。 (关于现在分词作状语用法,请参看
必修一第四单元第 12 页及必修四第四单元第 71 页) 】

If you want to experience the ancient days and great deeds of English knights and ladies, princes and queens, then England’s Camelot Park is the place for you.如果你想体验古代日子及英国
爵士和女士、王子和女王的伟大功绩,那么英国的卡默洛特公园是你理想之处。 【注释:deed 行动: 一般意义上的行为或表现: eg. n. 行为, Deeds, not words, matter most.行动, 而不是言辞, 至关重要】 Every

area of the park is modelled after life in the days of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table.公园的每一处都是模仿亚瑟王和圆桌会议骑士时期的生活。 【注释:model vt. 以…作模范:使得与 一个选定的标准一致:eg. He modeled his manners on his father's.他以父亲的举止为榜样】 In one place, you can watch magic shows with Merlin the Wizard.在一个地方,你可以看到魔术大师莫林的魔术表


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演。 If you want to see fighting with swords or on horseback, then the jousting area is a good place

to visit.如果你想观看剑术或马上打斗,那么比武赛场是你参观的好去处。 If you do well there, King Arthur may choose you to fight in the big jousting tournament.如果你做得好,亚瑟王也许会选你在大 型的马术枪术锦标赛去打斗。 Do you like animals?你喜欢动物吗? Then visit the farm area, and learn how people in ancient England ran their farms and took care of their animals.那么,请参观农 场,在那里可以理解古代英国农民是怎样经营农场和照管动物的。 To enter a world of fantasy about ancient England, come to Camelot Park!要进入一个充满神奇的古代英国世界,敬请来卡莫洛特公园! FUTUROSCOP —EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING 未来影视城——刺激兴奋又是学问 Last week I took a journey deep into space, to the end of the solar system, and was pulled into a black hole.上周, 我到深邃的太空进行了一次旅行, 到了太阳系的尽头,被拉进了一个黑洞。 Then I took a trip to Brazil and experienced surviving an airplane crash in the jungle. 然后我又到巴西旅行, 体 验了一次坠机于丛林中求生的滋味。After that, I joined some divers and went to the bottom of the ocean to see strange blind creatures that have never seen sunlight.之后,我加入到 一些潜水员当中, 来到大洋底部, 去看一些奇怪的从未见到过阳光的盲动物。 For a break, I took part in some car racing and then skied down some of the most difficult mountains in the world.一会儿,我 又加入到汽车比赛,然后又从世界上最艰难的山上滑下来。 I ended my travels by meeting face to face with a dinosaur, the terrible T-Rex, and survived the experience!我以与恐龙——特雷克斯的面对面的

I did all this in one great day at Futuroscope.我在未来影视城一天之内做完了
这些。 注释: 【 Great Day 世界末日。 但在本句中 in one great day 仅指 “在一天之内”】 。

Opened in 1987, Futuroscope is one of the largest space-age parks in the world.未来影视城于 1987 年对外开放,它是世界上一个最大的太空时代公园。 【注
释:opened in 1987 是过去分词短语作状语,它与主句主语之间的逻辑关系为动宾 关系。可表示时间、原因、伴随、方式。考题汇集:

1. (09 京-34) ____ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog. A. Being bitten B. Bitten C. Having bitten D. To be bitten 2. (09 津-9) ___ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. A. Being encouraged B. Encouraging C. Encouraged D. Having encouraged 3. (09 重-25) Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ___ with his old one. A. comparing B. compares C. to compare D. compared 4. (09 湘-21) Every evening after dinner, if not ____ from work, I will spend some time walking my dog.
A. being tired B. tiring C. tired D. to be tired

5. (09 闽-32) ____ not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry. A. Reminding B. Reminded C. To remind D. Having reminded 6. (08 闽-30) —— Who should be responsible for the accident? —— The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order _____. A. as told B. as are told C. as telling D. as they told 7. (07 重-25) The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons ____ for the day. A. finishing B. finished C. had finished D. were finished 8. (07 浙-20) ____ by a greater demand for vegetables, farmers have built more green houses. A. Driven B. Being driven C. To drive D. Having driven 9. (06 全 I-32) ____ and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize. A. Surprising B. Surprised C. Being surprised D. To be surprising


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10. (05 苏-27) _____ in the mountains for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police.
A. Having lost B. Lost C. Being lost D. Losing


This science and technology-based theme park in France uses the most advanced technology.这个在法国以科技为基础的主题公园使用了最先进的技 术。 Its 3-D cinemas and giant movie screens provide brand new experiences of the earth and beyond.其 3D 电影及其巨大的电影屏幕给人 提供了这个世上全新的体验。 Visitors can get close to parts of the world they have never experienced, going to the bottom of the ocean, flying through the jungle or visiting the edges of the solar system.观众可以接近他们以前从未体验过的地方,到大洋海底,飞跃丛林
或参观太阳系的边缘地带。 【注释: going....,flying... Or visiting 这三个现在分词短语作方式状语, 修饰 “have never experienced"。 The amazing, up-to-date (最新的)information together with many opportunities 】

for hands-on learning makes the world come to life in a completely new way for visitors.那令人诧
异的、最新的信息以及用于传承知识的诸多机会使得这个世界以一种全新的方式 变得有趣使人兴奋。

Learning centres throughout the park let visitors try their own scientific experiments, as well as learn more about space travel, the undersea world and much mote.整个公园的学习中心让游客尝试他

I bought tickets for myself and my friends at the park's entrance, but tickets are also available online.我在公园的入口处为自己和朋友买了票,不过也可以在网上购票。 Futuroscope is not only for individuals, but is also the perfect mix of fun and learning for class outings.未来影视城不仅 适合个 人游玩,也适合学生全班出游,因为它是娱乐与学习的完美结合。Classes or other large groups that let Futuroscope know their plans in advance can get the group admission rate.班级或其它大型团队把 自己的计划提前通知未来影视城,这样就能得到团购价。【注释:advance (1) vt.& vi.& n.促进,前
进,提前,进展(2)advance on/upon/towards 朝??前进 (3) advanced adj.高级的,先进的 4._____ is known to all,China will be an _____ and powerful country in 20 or 30 years’ time. A.That;advancing B.This;advanced C.As;advanced D.It;advancing 5.I’ve been told that our teacher has ____ the deadline for the composition by two days and we have to hand it in tomorrow morning. A.made B.cut C.advanced D.suggested 】 考题:

For anyone coming from out of town, Futuroscope has many excellent hotels nearby, most of which provide a shuttle service to the park.对于从城里出来的任何一个人,未来影视城附近有许多漂亮 的宾馆,大多数宾馆都提供到公园的短程运输服务 If driving, Futuroscope is within easy reach of (在…的附近; 在容易到达的地方)the freeway.如果开车, 未来影城离高速公路很近。 Plan your trip well before starting, since Futuroscope has so many shows, activities and great souvenir shops that it is difficult to see them all. 出发前,要很好计划一下你的旅程,因
为未来影城有那么多的表演、有那么多的活动,以及有那么多的纪念品商店,以至 于 你很 难都 看完 。 Come ready to walk a lot - be sure to wear some

comfortable sneakers or other walking shoes!请准备好要走很多路——一定要

重点句型: 1.One day,news came that Britain’s old king had died without a son. 【精提取】 that 引导同位语从句,解释 news 的内容。 【巧应用】 他成功的消息使他们深 受鼓舞。 The news ___ ____ ____ _____ inspired them all. 答案:that he has succeeded


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2. Futuroscope is not only for individuals, is also the perfect mix of fun and learning for class but outings. 【精提取】 not only...but also...相当于 not just...but also...。 【巧应用】 不仅汤姆,而且他的父母都喜欢卡通片。 ___ ___ _____ ___ _____ _____ Tom likes cartoons. 答案:Not only his parents but also 3.Whichever and whatever you like,there is a theme park for you! 【精提取】 whichever and whatever you like 是让步状语从句,相当于 no matter which and what you like。 【巧应用】 不管你说什么,他都不会相信你。 ____ ________ ____ _____ ____,he won’t believe you. 答案:No matter what you say 4. Some parks are famous for having the biggest or longest roller coasters, others for showing the famous sights and sounds of a culture. 【精提取】 be famous for 以……而出名。 【巧应用】 纽约以其摩天大楼驰名。 New York ____ ______ ____ its skyscrapers. 答案:is famous for


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