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高中英语:Unit 4 Astronomy 单元综合评估测试(新人教必修3)


高一英语同步练习: 必修 3 Unit 4 Astronomy: the science of the stars
单元综合评估测试 (100 分题 45 分钟)

一.单项选择:15 小题(15 分) 1. This painting is splendid, but ________ we actually need it is a differ

ent matter. A. that 2. A. If B. what C. whether D. how

you like it or not, you'll have to give up smoking. B. Whether C. How D. Why

3. They don’t allow ______ here. That is to say, we are not allowed _____ here. A. to smoke; to smoke C. to smoke; smoking B. smoking; smoking D. smoking; to smoke

4. All these gifts must be mailed immediately so as to be received _________Christmas. A. after time 5. The way he did it was different _______ we were used to. A. in which which B. in what C. from what D. from B. in time C. in time for D. in no

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6. _______ the houses were knocked down in the earthquake,and _______people died. A. A great many …many C.A great many of …a number of of 7. —We really enjoy ourselves at the party. Thanks again, Mr. and Mrs. White. —_____. Just drop in whenever you feel like it. A. With pleasure C Nice having you here B. Our great honor D. Nice you are here B. The number of…..a great many D. A great deal of … a great many

8. With ______little schooling ,he couldn’t teach_____ little children. A. such; so B. so; such C. such; such D. so; so

9.When and where we shall hold the meeting________still a question. A.is B.has C.are D.have

10._______break the rules will be punished. A.No matter who B.Those who who 11.Don’t leave here unless you_______. A.are asked asked to 12.____surprised me most was____Mary spoke Chinese just like a native speaker. B.are asked to C.will be asked D . will be C.Whoever D.Anyone

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A. That, what That, that

B. Which, that

C. What, that

D.

13.The price for this house is too_________. A.expensive B.dear C.high D.cheap

14.It’s necessary________a foreign language in the modern society. A.of us learning to learn 15.Be sure to________the lights before you leave the room. A.turn on B.turn off C.turn town D.turn up B.of us to learn C.for us learning D . for us

二.完型填空 从所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案(每小题两分,共 30 分) How far is the sun from the earth? This is a question you have asked yourself since you began asking anything. In fact, for thousands of years astronomers (16) the same question. But they had no way (17) getting an exact answer (18) the sun was far, far away. Now with the use of radio telescope, they (19) give a very exact answer: the sun is 92,956,000 miles away from the earth. Can you imagine(20) that is? The airplane today travels (21) a speed of 700 miles an hour. Imagine (22) you were flying to the sun in this airplane. You could make no stops for rest, (23) for gas or oil, because there would be no place for you to stop. You would fly day and night at (24) speed. Yet by the time you arrived,

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fifteen years would (25). The electric train can (26) as fast as 110 miles an hour. If a railway could be built on a sunbeam, it (27) take the train nearly 100 years to (28) the sun. You would get very, very tired even if you lived (29) finish the journey. (30) it is to the sun! Have you ever thought that the sun is as far away from us as that?

16. A

have asked B. had answered

C. had been asking

D. have been

answering 17. A. to 18 A. since B. on B. as B. were C. of C. because of able to D. about D. because D. can be able

19. A. could able to to 20. A. how long away 21. A. in 22. A. that 23. A. or 24. A. such 25. A. pass

C. are able to

B. how far away C. what far D. how long C. on C. how C. either C. so much C. have passed C. travel C. might D. at D. when D. and D. so D. have past D. trip D. must

B. with B. which B. nor B. such a B. past

26. A. run away 27. A. will

B. go through B. would

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28. A. get

B. go to

C. arrive B. long enough to D. longer enough to B. How long way D. What long a way

D. reach

29. A. enough long to C. enough longer to 30. A. How a long way C. What a long way

三.阅读理解(每小题两分,共 20 分) A Mr. Frank shot well and once he had come in fourth in a competition.Then he went to a big city on business. There he joined the local rifle club. The club had a very good team, which used to take part in a lot of important shooting competitions. One of these took place while Frank was with them. But one of the members of the club's team suddenly fell ill just before the match. The captain had heard of Mr. Frank. He therefore invited Mr. Frank to take the sick man's place. Mr. Frank felt greatly happy to be asked to shoot for such a good team, but he also felt very nervous, because he was afraid of making a fool of himself.In fact, he was so nervous that he could not keep his hands from trembling while he was shooting, with the result that he did very badly in the competition. When he took his score card to his captain, he said:" After seeing my score, I want to go outside and shoot myself. " The captain looked at the card for a few seconds and then said, "Well, you'd

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better take two bullets with you if you want to do that. " 31. Mr. Frank once ___ A. joined the fourth team B. took the fourth place C. was the fourth to start shooting D. shot with the other three 32. Why did Mr. Frank feel nervous to be asked to shoot for the team? Because___. . in a competition.

A. actually he was not good at shooting B. he thought the captain and the other members would fool him C. he was afraid of losing face before so many good shooters D. he would lose a lot of money if he should fail 33. When Frank said, "After seeing my score, I want to go outside and shoot myself", he meant to say that ___. .

A. he wants to practice shooting all by himself B. he wanted to find out the reason for his failure C. he was too shamed of himself to remain inside and face the captain and the other members D. he wanted to kill himself with the rifle 34. By saying "You had better take two bullets with you if you want to do that", the captain actually meant to say ___. A. "We haven't got so many bullets for you to practice shooting."

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B. "You can't improve your shooting with only one bullet." C. "I don't believe you can keep your hands from shaking this time." D. "you are such a bad shooter that one bullet is certainly not enough to end you life with." 35. According to this passage, which of the following is wrong? A. He fired several shots and they all missed the target. B. The captain wasn't satisfied with Frank and laughed at him. C. In the big city Frank was admitted to the local rifle club. D. Frank could have done better in the competition.

B Matt grows the nicest vegetables in the village. He grows fruit, too --- big, sweet apples and oranges. And what else? Well, the biggest and the prettiest flowers. Things grow in Matt’s garden all through the year. He cuts some flowers for his sitting-room table; and of course, he eats some fruit and vegetables. But he sells everything else in the market. Matt is not a poor man.He knows a few other gardens; but he does not have any friends. You might ask, “What is that? Why doesn’t he have friends?”I will tell you. People do not understand him. And they do not understand his garden. “Why not?” you will ask. “It’s a very good garden, isn’t it?” It is a wonderful garden. Matt plants things in spring, summer,

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autumn and winter. After that he does very little work. He sits in the garden with his small radio. And everything grows. People ask, “How does Matt grow these wonderful things? He waters the plants sometimes, but he doesn’t do anything else. He just sits under an orange tree with his radio. He listens to music nearly all day!” And that is all quite true. People cannot understand it, and so they don’t like it very much. Matt likes music. But what about the garden? Who does the work? I will tell you another true thing: the music does the work. All plants love music; and Matt knows that. Do you want big vegetables and the loveliest flowers? Well, just give your plants a lot of music. 36. There are not only vegetables and flowers, but also _____ in Matt ’s garden. A. plants B. fruit trees C. ants D. crops

37. Matt makes a living by ______ . A. selling his vegetables, fruit and flowers B. growing trees in his garden C. working in the market D. helping other people growing plants 38. Everything in Matt’s garden grows well because _______ . A. he has a good garden

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B. he is good at growing things and likes listening to the radio C. music helps his plants a lot D. he is very hardworking 39. People think that _______ . A. Matt’s garden is better than theirs B. Matt works harder than they C.Matt knows how to grow vegetables well D. the radio helps Matt to grow everything well in his garden 40. People don’t like Matt because ________ . A. he doesn’t give them any vegetables or fruit B. he listens to the radio too much C. they are jealous of (妒忌) him D. Matt doesn’t let them listen to his radio

四.单词拼写(根据句意及单词的首字母或汉语提示,完成下列单词)(10 分) 41.His p________ at the meeting made everybody excited. 42. Another of his book will be p_______ next month. 43.This is very easy.I can do it without any d____. 44.Not meeting his favourite singer, he felt quite d____________. 45.F____fish tastes good,while dead fish tastes bad. 46.You must be careful with fire.It’s very ___(危险) . 47.The ____(人口)of Australia is about seventeen million.

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48.The bus started with only five 49.Tom is one of my

_____(旅客)on it.

____(邻居)who often help me.

50. Jack is ____ (友好的) with everybody here and gets on well with the Chinese students.

五.短文改错: (10 分) A very young new officer was at a railway station.He 51._____ another 52._____ the time of his train, so that she should meet him at town.And he wanted to telephone to her was on his way visit his mother in

53._______ the station in her car.He looked in all his pocket,

54._______ but found that he did not have the right money for the phone. So he went out and looked round for anyone to help him. At last he stopped an old

55._____ soldier passed by,and said, “Have you got 56._____ any change for ten pence?” “Wait a moment

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The soldier says, “Let me have a look“Don't 57.____ you know what to speak to an officer?”the 58.______ officer said angry.“Now start again. Have you got 59._____ any change for ten pence?” “No sir, ” the 60._______ old soldier answered quickly.

六.书面表达:(15 分) 假定你叫李明, 你的美国网友名叫 Mike,他想向你了解中国神州七号的情 况。请你以邮件的方式简单向他介绍下面的内容,字数在 100-120 之间: 2008 年 9 月 25 日,中国成功地用神舟七号飞船将三人小组送入太空,其 中航天员翟志刚在太空首次行走, 这是我国自 2003 年以来最具有挑战性的太空 任务。 邮件内容应包括: 1.这是一次具有历史使命的飞行,而且技术上的成果基本都是我国自主研发 的。 2.这次的任务主要是太空行走,它将有助于中国在未来几年内建立中国的第 一个空间站。 注意:

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载人飞船 manned spaceship/spacecraft 出舱活动 an extra-vehicular activity 空间站 space station _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ ____________

单元综合评估测试答案 一.1-5 CBDCC 6-10CBBAB 11-15。BCCDB 二. 16-20 CCDCB 21-25 DABBC 26-30 CBDBC 三 31-35 BCCDA 36-40 BACAC 45.Fresh

四 . 41.presence 42.published 43.difficulty 44.disappointed 46.dangerous 50.friendly 五. 51. visit 前加 to 47.population 48.passengers

49.neighbours

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52 第二个 to 删去,telephone 是及物动词,telephone sb.或 telephone sb.sth. 53 should 改为 might 或 could,so that 引导的目的状语从句中常用 can/ may. 54 pocket 改为 pockets,指“他所有的口袋” 。 。 55. anyone 改为 someone,表示“找一个人帮忙” ,anyone 表示“任何人” 。 56. passed 前加 who/that 引导定语从句,或将 passed 改为 passing 57 says 改为 said,通篇描述过去的经历。 58 what 改为 how 表方式, “怎么说话” 。 。 59 angry 改为 angrily, 由副词作状语。 60 正确 六. .参考例文: Dear Mike, How are you doing now?You said you wanted to know something.about the space mission done by Shenzhou-Ⅶ.I am writing to tell you about it.Shenzhou-Ⅶ,which was shot up into space on September 25,returned to Earth three days later, having completed its historic mission.It is the country's most challenging space mission since 2003.The main mission is to carry out the space walk,known as an extra-vehicular activity,or EVA, which is expected to help China master the technology to create its first space station in the next few years. During the traveling,Zhai Zhigang, one of the three astronauts on board Shenzhou-Ⅶ,stepped out of the

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capsule and conducted the historic space walk. Most importantly,all along China has relied heavily on homegrown technology. The Shenzhou-7 mission marks a historic breakthrough in China's manned space program. It represents the comprehensive strength of our nation. Looking forward to hearing from you. Yours, Li Ming

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