NO.1 NO.2 NO.3
自主学习· 对知识面的辐射要 宽 师生共研· 对知识线的归纳要清
课堂评价· 对知识点的掌握要 实
r />1. publish vt. 2. breakthrough n. 3. support vt. 4. convert vt. 5. replace vt. 6. victim n. 7. escape vi. 8. straight adj. 出版 突破 支持 改变；转换 取代；以??代替 受害者 逃跑；逃避 直的
9. clear 产量
(烟雾)消散 production n．生产； 10.producer n．生产者→ produce vt.生产→__________
education n．教育 11.educate vt.教育→ educator n．教育家→__________ originate vi. 12.original adj.原来的；最初的→ origin n．起源→________
起源 13.export vt.出口→ import vt. 14.quantity n．数量→ quality n． 进口 质量
15.brief adj.简短的；简洁的→ briefly adv. 简短地 16.graduate vi.毕业 n．毕业生→ graduation n．毕业 17.personal adj.个人的→ personality n．个性； 人格 18.explode vi.爆炸→ explosion n． 爆炸；爆炸声
用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Though she explained the topic
briefly, we still learned
a lot from her brief words.(brief) 2.This word
originated from a Latin word and the
original meaning is quite different from what it is ________
today.(original) 3.After graduation , he is one of the graduates have graduated job.(graduate) who
this year and are looking for a
4.This factory produces computers. Its producer is very optimistic about the production __________ and sale. (produce) 5.The government is attaching more importance to
educating the younger generation.In a sense, it is the _________
duty of every educator to do what they can for the cause of
education of China.(educate)
6.Two bombs exploded in the centre of our city and the
explosion caused seven deaths.(explode) _________
1.“数量”词汇全接触 ①quantity n． ②amount n. ③number n. ④mass n. ⑤plenty n. ⑥countless adj. ⑦abundance n. 数量 数量 数量 大量 大量 无数的 大量
2.由 breakthrough 想到的 ①outbreak n. ②breakfast n. ③breakin n. ④breakout n. 3.person 一家人 ①personal adj. ②personally adv. ③personality n. ④personnel n. 个人的 就个人而言 个性 全体人员 爆发 早餐 闯入 越狱；逃脱
4.educate 同根词集锦 ①education n. ②educator n. ③educated adj. ④educational adj. ⑤educationally adv. 教育 教育家 受过教育的 教育的 从教育上
1. bring up 2. the/a key to (doing) sth. 3. experiment with 4. bring in 5. as a result of 6. carry out 7. be known for 8. be diagnosed with 9. earn one's living 10.come to/into power
培养；养育 (做)某事的关键 对??进行实验 引进 由于??的结果 实施；履行 因??而出名/闻名 被诊断患有??疾病 谋生 掌权
选用左栏短语填空 1.Scientific farming is the/a key to the further development of agriculture. 2.Do you know when the first Chinese empress (女皇) came
to/into power ？ 3.New ideas have been brought in since China was opened to the outside world. 4.Some uneducated and unskilled people earn their living by doing manual labor (体力活)． 5.It was evident from the first that he never intended to carry out his promise.
1.carry 相关短语多棱镜 ①carry out ②carry on ③carry through ④carry away ⑤carry back 实施；履行 继续 贯彻到底 拿走 取回
2.由 the key to 想到的 ①the approach to ②the access to ③the answer to ④the notes to ⑤the entrance to ??的方法 ??的通道 ??的答案 ??的注释 ??的入口
1.The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped keep the rocket moving in a keep＋宾语 straight direction. ＋宾语补足
I am sorry for
kept you having _________
waiting for three _______
[背原句] 2.Or was he carried miles into space, becoming the world's first astronaut? 或者他被带到了太空中
选手，获得了一等 奖。 He beat all the other
winning the players, __________
first prize __________.
3.In Stephen Hawking's
case it was discovered that he was a brilliant scientist. It is/was＋
据 说 马 云 拥 有 200
It is said that Ma ____________
就史蒂芬?霍金的情况来 that ...。
fortune of more
1．support vt.& n．支持；拥护；支撑；供养
[教材原句] government. 这项研究得到了政府的支持。 (1)support sb.in sth. The research was supported by the
在某方面支持某人 养家糊口/自力更生 来支持某人 支持，支援 支持；拥护
support a (one's) family/oneself (2)come to one's support give support to in support of
①In order to support his family, Mr. Johnson began to plant herbs and vegetables.(2015· 广东高考语法填空) 为了养家糊口，约翰逊先生开始种植草药和蔬菜。 ②Only a few people spoke
in support of the proposal.
[经典例句] The data is limited in terms of both quality
and quantity.(牛津 P1406) 这份资料在质量和数量上都很有限。
a large (good)/small quantity of large quantities of in quantity in quantity and quality 大/少量的 大量的，许多的 大量地 在数量和质量上
①Large quantities of clothes and food were (be) provided for the earthquake areas last week. 上周，大量的衣物和食物提供给了地震灾区。 ②We can offer you a better price if you can buy it
in quantity __________.
如果你能大量购买，我们能给你一个更好的价格。 [名师指津] a quantity of/large quantities of 后可接不可数
名词也可接可数名词的复数形式，但当它作主语或其修饰 的名词作主语时，谓语动词一般根据 quantity 的单复数形 式而定。
3．escape v．& n．逃跑；逃避；逃脱；(气体、液体等)漏出； 被遗忘 [教材原句] The Chinese discovered that the gas escaping from the tube could lift it into the air. 中国人发现从管子中冒出的气体能使它升到天空中去。
(1)escape (doing) sth. escape from/out of ... escape sb./one's attention/notice (2)have a narrow escape make one's escape
逃脱(做)某事 从??逃跑，逃走 逃过某人的注意； 被某人遗忘 九死一生 逃脱；逃走
①When a man with an evil intention attacks us, we can
from/out of give him an electric shock and escape ___________
danger.(2014· 湖南高考满分作文) 当一个邪恶之人袭击我们时，我们会给他一个电击并逃离 危险。 ②The driver narrowly escaped being killed (kill) in the traffic accident. 这名司机在车祸中差一点被撞死。
4．clear vi.(烟雾)消散；变清澈；(天)变晴 vt.使清澈；使清楚， 清除，扫清 adj.清澈的；晴朗的；清晰的；畅通的
When the smoke cleared Wan Hu and his
chair had disappeared. 当烟雾散去后，万虎和他的座椅都消失了。
(1)clear away clear up clear off clear one's throat (2)make ...clear It is clear that ... 清除；驱散；拿走；收拾 放晴；整理；清理；消除(误会) 走开；清除 (说话前)清嗓子 阐明；清楚表明 显然??
①It's raining now, but I think it will clear up soon. 天还在下雨，不过我想天很快就会放晴。 ② It is clear that hightech equipment has become popular
among teenagers and changed their way of life. (2014· 重庆高考满分作文) 显然，高科技设备在年轻人中已普及并改变了他们的生活方式。
Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1． Humans will never be replaced by robots. We are their masters forever. 2． His success was a long story, but in brief, he succeeded after many failures. 3．With the development of economy, my hometown has converted from a small town into/to a modern city. original 4．This is a copy of the famous picture, and the _______ (origin) work is now in the British Museum.
5．The force of the explosion (explode) broke all the windows in the building. 6．The flood has caused a lot of damage to that area and the figures of the missing will be published (publish) shortly. 7． Scientists have made a breakthrough in their treatment of the disease. 8．Some experts have spoken in support of ban of drunk driving. (支持) the (已有所突破)
Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．quantity 面面观 单句语法填空 ①Your work has improved in quantity and quality this term. ②Large quantities of sand were (be) washed down the hillside by the heavy rain. ③As a result of destroying the forests, a large quantity of desert
has (have) covered the land.
2．escape 多棱镜 (1)完成句子 ①我记得以前在某个地方见过他，但一时想不起他的名字。 I remember seeing him somewhere before, but his name
escapes me for the moment. ___________
②他设法从监狱中逃了出来，并隐藏了 9 年的时间。 He managed to escape from prison , and spent 9 years in hiding.
(2)句型转换 ③She was lucky to escape punishment. →She was lucky to escape being punished . ④He narrowly escaped in the earthquake. →He had a 3．clear 万花筒 (1)单句语法填空 ①They should clear away the toys on the floor and made room for others. ②I made it clear to him that he was no longer welcome here.
narrow escape in the earthquake.
(2)根据汉语提示完成片段 The fog cleared and it ③ cleared up (放晴了). In the hall sat a professor, who was going to give a report on how to learn maths well. Before giving it, the professor
cleared his throat ( 清 了 清 喉 咙 ). In order to ④_________________
make himself clear (清楚地表达自己的观点), he also ⑤_________________
up used facial expressions. His excellent lecture ⑥cleared _________
(消除) the mystery of maths.
Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 根据语境选出 straight 的词性和词义
(A)adj.直的；直线的 (C)adv.连续地；不间断地 (E)adv.直接；径直地
1．We decided to go straight home.
2．A straight line is the shortest distance between two points. A _____
B 3．Mr. Johnson has a reputation of straight talking. _____
4．Be sure you have your facts straight. to have a rest. _____ D _____ C 5．We had been driving for five hours straight and needed
1．earn one's living 谋生
(He) got a job in an office to earn his living.
earn/make a living by/from earn one's own living earn money/a fortune earn sb. praise/a reputation 靠??谋生 自食其力 挣钱/大钱 为某人赢得赞扬/名声
①Then the Johnsons had to cow.(2015· 广东高考语法填空)
make a living
earn his own living ②Since his parents died early, he had to __________________
when he was a teenager. 因双亲早亡， 他十几岁的时候就不得不独自谋生。
him a good reputation ③Saving a girl from the river earned __________________________.
2．come to/into power 掌权；上台；执政
[教材原句 ] (He) left Germany when Hitler came to
power and went to work in the US. 希特勒上台时(他)离开了德国，去美国工作了。
in power take/seize power beyond one's power within/in one's power
当权 夺取政权 不能胜任 有能力；力所能及
①The government in power is devoted to the improvement of education. 这一届政府致力于提高教育。 ②It is quite beyond my power . I'm determined to give it up. 这大大超出了我的能力，我决定放弃。 [ 名师指津 ] come to power 与 be in power 都表示 “ 掌
3．The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped keep the rocket moving in a straight direction. 这些管子被绑在一根长木棍上，这根木棍能使火箭直线前进。
keep sb./sth.doing sth.“让某人/某物一直做某事”。keep 用 于复合结构，其宾语补足语可以是介词短语、现在分词、过 去分词、形容词、副词等。 ①To keep the feet dry and comfortable , this new kind of shoes is equipped with a microfan. (2014· 湖南高考书面表达) 为了让我们的脚干燥舒服，这种新鞋配备了微型电扇。
②When I work on the farmland in the daytime, I always keep my sheep tied (tie) to a tree on the riverbank. 白天干农活的时候，我总是把羊拴在河边的树上。 ③The question kept me
wondering (wonder) for the rest
of the night. I realized the tough decisions adults had to make.(2014· 天津高考完形) 我接下来的整个晚上一直在想这个问题。 我意识到了大人们 必须要做的艰难的决定。
Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空 ①Born and brought up interested in biology. ②As a result of poor management, there is often trouble in the factory. ③The key to the whole affair was that the way he dealt with it was not proper. ④She was diagnosed with cancer when she was twenty. in the countryside, he was
⑤Suzhou, which is the place I want to visit this summer, is known for its beautiful gardens. ⑥His parents died, leaving (leave) him an orphan. ⑦The attack is believed to have been carried out during the early morning hours. ⑧My father used to earn his/a living by repairing shoes.
2．运用所学短语完成片段 Wang Dong was born and ① brought up remote mountain village, where (养育) in a mainly
earned their living (谋生) by farming. ②________________
As a result of ③____________
(由于??的结果) lack of advanced farming technique, they lived a hard life. Then Wang Dong realized that the key to (?? 的 关 键 ) a better life was to have ④__________ advanced technology, and after new technique was brought in (引进), their life was getting better and better. ⑤__________
Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．power 相关短语点点练 介词填空 ①The party expects to be back in power after the election. ②I will do everything in/within my power to help you. ③When the new ruler came peace with all his former enemies.
power, he made
2．“keep＋宾语＋宾补”结构全方位 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Keep your mouth shut (open)． ②They use computers to keep the traffic running (run) smoothly. ③Please remain seated and keep your seat belts fastened _______ (fasten)．
open (shut) and your eyes _____
(2)完成句子 ④我们必须保持教室干净整洁。 We should keep the classroom clean and tidy . ⑤他出去时把所有的灯都开着。 He
kept all the lights on
when he went out.
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．The key to success is to be ready from the start. 2．The old man entered the room supported (support) by his
grandson. 3． New means of transport make it cities within hours. 4．As soon as their party came to/into power, they changed the law. 5．Doctors have made a great breakthrough in curing this uncommon disease. possible to travel around
6．His first poem was published (publish) when he was eighteen years old. 7 ． Cheap goods are available, but not quantity to satisfy demand. 8．The murderer tried to escape being caught (catch) by the police but in vain. 9．He was diagnosed with cancer so he was filled with despair. 10．Please keep us informed address as soon as possible. (inform) of any change of
Ⅱ.单句改错 1．He can earn his life by selling newspapers.
2．The book which published last month sold well.
which 后加 was ______________
3．The boss made clear to him that he was fired.
made 后加 it ____________
4．Memorizing a large number of words is the key to improve→improving ___________________ improve your English.
5．Large quantities of money has been spent in bringing up his children so far. _________ has →have
6．“Justice has long arms.” Those who break the law will not escape punishing.
punishing→punishment _______________________ wait→waiting _____________
7 ． I'm sorry to have kept you wait so long but I had something urgent to deal with.
8．After the earthquake, the electricity supply failed, made the cooling system break down.
Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 In China, 1 large quantities of (许多) parents left their (谋生). children at home in order to 2 earn a/their living
Li Ming was one of the examples. He was 3 brought up (养 育 ) in a remote village. ①When he was very young, his parents let his granny take care of him because they had to go made it clear that to a big city to raise their family. Li Ming 4 _______________ (清楚地表明) he would like his parents to accompany him but they told him they couldn't.
Nothing can take the place of parents' love, so Li Ming often felt lonely. ②In school he couldn't concentrate on his study; as a result, he fell behind others. After school he was addicted to computer games, for the purpose of getting away from the real world. One day, a traffic accident occurred and luckily he 5 had a narrow escape (死里逃 生). On hearing the bad news, his parents returned home at once, determined never to leave him at home again.
(二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)raise→ support (2)take the place of→ replace (3)getting away→escaping 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用“keep＋宾语＋宾补”结构 改写句① When he was very young, his parents kept his granny _________________________________________________ taking care of him because they had to go to a big city to _________________ raise their family. (2)用现在分词短语作结果状语改写句② In school he couldn't concentrate on his study, thus _________________________________________________ falling behind others. ___________________
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