江苏省海安高级中学 2012—2013 学年度 高二年级第一学期期终调研测试 英 语
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷 (选择题) 和第 II 卷 (非选择题) 两部分，共 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第 I 卷 (选择题 三部分 共 85 分) 第一部分 听力 (
共两节，满分 20 分)
做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What caused the man?s headache according to the woman? A. Too little sleep. B. A hat. C. The sun. 2. What is the man?s present job? A. A driver. B. A waiter. C. A businessman. 3. Where does the man plan to travel? A. West America. B. Southern America. C. East America. 4. Which language does the woman want to study? A. Spanish. B. German. C. French. 5. Who might the man be? A. The owner of the store. B. A police officer. C. A witness. 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料，回答第6至8题。 6. When does the conversation take place? A. Before the main course. B. During the main course. C. After the main course. 7. What does the woman want the man to do? A. Have some dessert. B. Find room for dessert. C. Have a rest in the room. 8. What will the man have in the end? A. The ice-cream with strawberry flavor. B. The cheesecake with peach topping. C. The cheesecake with strawberry topping. 听第7段材料，回答第9、10题。 9. Where does the conversation take place? A. On a train. B. At a hotel. C. In the street. 10. What can we infer from the conversation?
A. The man is quite rude. B. The woman is probably a thief. C. The man is a police. 听第8段材料，回答第11至13题。 11. Why can?t the woman use the classroom? A. It is closed for repairs. B. It is not quiet enough there. C. A club is having a meeting there. 12. What is the weather like right now? A. Rainy. B. Cloudy. 13. Where does the woman decide to go in the end? A. The school reading room. B. The city library. 听第9段材料，回答第14至16题。 14. What are the speakers doing? A. Watching their children swim. B. Swimming in the sea. C. Lying on the beach. 15. What will the speakers do tonight? A. Go boating. B. Go to a club. 16. What is true about the hotel party? A. It is just for kids. B. It provides free drinks. C. It was recommended in the guidebook. 听第10段材料，回答第17至20题。 17. How many types of customers are mentioned by the speaker? A. Three. B. Four. 18. What do the second type of customers expect to get? A. Quick service. B. Warm smile. 19. What is the normal percentage for tipping? A. 5％. B. 8％. 20. What does the speaker think of the last type of customers? A. They are very impatient. B. They are often quiet and orderly. C. They are very generous.
C. Snowy. C. Her dormitory.
C. Stay at the hotel.
C. Five. C. Quiet surrounding. C. 15％.
第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分)
第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. In ________ summary, supporters of the newly-issued traffic rules are in _________ majority. A. 不填, the B. a, 不填 C. 不填, 不填 D. a, the 22. Reading is in actually a process of the mind referring to the framework knowledge _________ has already acquired. A. that B. it C. which D. what
23. There are many things to consider _________ this project since it has raised wide concern. A. in addition to B. with regard to C. in possession of D. in favor of 24. — I?m still working on my project. — Oh, you?ll miss the deadline. Time is ________. A. losing out B. going out C. giving out D. running out 25. — Any recommendations of a car of no more than 200, 000 yuan? — Oh, so many cars are available within this price _________. A. barrier B. standard C. range D. variety 26. A lack of calcium (钙) might also _________ the rise in blood pressure that commonly accompanies aging. A. take on B. lie in C. contribute to D. participate in 27. _________ by many well-known experts and film stars, the product was very popular at one time. A. Accomplished B. Allocated C. Absorbed D. Advocated 28. — Hey, you guy, why did you throw the bottle out of the window? You _________ somebody. — Sorry, just used to it. I?ll get changed. A. will have hurt C. must have hurt A. by no means 30. Alexia, advertising agency. A. struggling B. could have hurt D. should have hurt B. at any price C. at a discount D. in no time for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local B. struggled C. having struggled D. to struggle
29. I?ll forgive you this time, but _________ shall you make the mistake again.
31. _________ more time and energy to my studies instead of being crazy about Internet games, I would be sitting in a comfortable office now. A. If I devoted B. Should I devote C. I had devoted D. Had I devoted 32. Not a single student doesn?t admire our monitor. _________ her prettiness, she is smart and thoughtful. A. Except for B. Apart from C. Regardless of D. Thanks to 33. _________, as it seems to me, the problems can be settled. Come on. Victory is around the corner. A. If you double your efforts B. Double your efforts C. A bit more efforts D. Making greater efforts 34. — You will find your life colorful and meaningful if you always try to spend your time on things you find _________. — Exactly! That?s what I am always doing. A. them worth doing C. worthy to be done whole class. — She was _________. A. teaching a fish to swim B. putting the cart before the horse C. putting all eggs into one basket D. beating the dog before the lion 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分)
B. worthy of doing D. them worthy of being done
35. — Four boys played poker in class. So the head teacher criticized them severely in front of the
请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Ling Ruiming has never imagined his long-held dream of traveling around the world would come true especially after the 86-year-old engineer was diagnosed (诊断) with terminal cancer three months ago. But thanks to a micro blog his granddaughter Ling Yifan, a young cartoonist, posted on Sina Weibo, Ling Ruiming finally “ 36 his dream” in a matter of 37 , something that?s being seen as nothing but a miracle (奇迹). The 38 journey started as Ling Yifan, a 29-year-old Beijing girl, posted a 39 on her micro blog with a portrait (肖像) of her grandfather on May 12, asking people to 40 it out and take a photo alongside it wherever they are. “My grandpa is sick with few days left,” she wrote. “All he wanted to do for the rest of his 41 is to travel around the world. I want him to ? 42 ? more of the world in his last days. Could you please do him a favor of taking him around the world by taking a photo with his portrait at your 43 ? It?s like he?ll be going there by himself.” This microblog has aroused (引起) the 44 of many netizens. Within just three days, tens of thousands of 45 had flooded in and the microblog had been forwarded around 89,000 times as of May 14. From the Thames in 46 , the Berlin Wall in Germany and New York City in the US to the Antarctic Peninsula, people have been 47 back their 48 wishes and photos with the portrait. Ling?s 49 has struck a responsive chord in the hearts of tens of thousands of netizens. “It made me think of my own grandfather,” one 50 called Luxingkong xiao M said; “he left me in 1994. Send my best wishes to Grandpa and pray for the 51 to come”. Cui Xiaodan, who is studying at Waseda University in Tokyo, Japan, scanned Ling Ruiming?s portrait into a picture she took while she was at Chicago University in the United States. “The love relay is 52 , and I wish to be part of it,” she said. 53 makes the world go around, and it is also the resonance (共鸣) of love that bounds the tens of thousands of people around the world together. Let?s enjoy the once-in-a-lifetime 54 with Grandpa Ling and 55 the great kindness and enthusiasm from netizens around the world. 36. A. designed B. realized C. described D. deserted 37. A. minutes B. hours C. days D. months 38. A. boring B. unpleasant C. tiring D. amazing 39. A. request B. video C. notice D. explanation 40. A. print B. find C. bring D. sort 41. A. money B. energy C. life D. dream 42. A. hear B. see C. smell D. think 43. A. service B. expense C. call D. place 44. A. emotion B. doubt C. observation D. attention 45. A. portraits B. letters C. photos D. packets 46. A. London B. Russia C. France D. Toronto
47. A. posting 48. A. last 49. A. microblog 50. A. friend 51. A. answer 52. A. inspiring 53. A. Weibo 54. A. picture 55. A. expect
B. sending B. special B. e-mail B. student B. miracle B. fascinating B. Respect B. adventure B. experience
C. taking C. only C. article C. netizen C. payback C. upsetting C. Love C. movement C. face
D. praying D. best D. direction D. citizen D. reward D. amusing D. Faith D. journey D. taste
阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Let?s Bake (烤) sugar Cookies Nobody is actually sure who created the very first cookie. But the first cookie may have been a mistake. Many cooking experts believe that a long time ago cooks who wanted to test the temperature of their ovens would bake a little bit to find out if the oven was hot enough to bake an entire cake. These test cakes were called keokje, which means “little cake” in the language used in the Netherlands. People from the Netherlands brought the recipe to the United States. The word “cookie” may have come from their word keokje. Cookies are also very popular in England, but the English call them “biscuits”, as do Australians. Almost every country has a word for cookie．In Spain, they are called galletas, and in Italy, cookies are called biscotti. Americans are not the only people who enjoy cookies. You can make cookies following these steps: ◆ Preheat oven to l50℃. Put a little butter on a cookie sheet. ◆ Mix together white sugar, brown sugar, butter and eggs. Then add vanilla. ◆ Add flour, salt, baking soda, and baking powder. Then mix well. ◆ Drop by spoonfuls onto the cookie sheet. ◆ Bake at l50℃ for l2 minutes or until lightly brown. 56. In which country were the test cakes first made? A. Spain. B. Australia. C. The Netherlands. D. The United States. 57. What does the first paragraph talk about? A. Describe how to bake a cake. B. Tell why people like cookies. C. Tell when people make cookies. D. Describe the history of cookies. 58. What is the first step to bake cookies? A. Heat the oven to 150℃. B. Mix the butter and the sugar. C. Test the temperature of the oven. D. Brush the cookies with some oil. 59. If the cookies look lightly brown, what does this mean? A. They are sweet. B. They are done. C. They have become soft. D. They need to cook for l2 minutes. B Win a week in England! You still don?t know what to do this winter? Well, here?s your chance to win a one-week
language course in Kent, England! Free4Fun and ETC (English Travel Connections) are giving away two trips to Rochester. This historic city is less than an hour?s drive from London and close to the sea resort of Herne Bay. It is also the home of one of England?s most famous writers, Charles Dickens. The town of Rochester is in Southeast England. Charles Dickens often wrote about it in his books. His home, Gad?s Hill, is there, too. A popular attraction is Rochester Castle, a large Norman fortress (堡垒). It was built in the 11th century and rebuilt during the 14th century. Other attractions are Rochester Cathedral, which was built during the 13th century, and Dickens Centre. It has got its name in honor of Dickens himself. The trip to England includes: ※ travel by train (via the Eurotunnel) to and from any railway station in Germany ※ room and full board with a guest family for one week ※ language course in small groups ※ two trips to London ※ large choice of sports and entertainment ※ German-speaking advisors available 24 hours a day Interested? All you have to do is to answer the following question: When was Charles Dickens born? So, take the chance and send your answer by 1 May to: Free4Fun “Rochester” Free4Fun, 24 Elphinstone Road, Hastings, 2FQ6VJ fax: 089 / 85 763-103 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The two winners will be contacted directly before 5 May. They will also be announced in the November issue of Free4Fun. Good luck! For further information, contact: phone: (03212) 144 43 fax: (03212) 144 42 e-mail: info@etc. com 60. What activities can you participate in during the trip? A. Working as a language advisor. B. Learning the German language. C. Traveling by train with a guest family. D. Enjoying sports and entertainment. 61. If you want to win a prize you have to send your answer to __________. A. the November issue of Free4fun B. free4fun@netlight. com C. info@etc. com D. ETC 62. The persons __________ are likely to win the free trip. A. who know the birth date of Charles Dickens B. who are attracted by Rochester Castle C. who are contacted and announced by Free4Fun and ETC D. who know more about Charles Dickens? works 63. This ad was probably designed to target ___________. A. Italians B. Europeans C. Germans D. Americans C Are you happy? Do you remember a time when you were happy? Are you seeking happiness today? Many have sought a variety of sources for their feelings of happiness. Some have put their heart and effort into their work. Too many have turned to drugs and alcohol. Most of their efforts have a root in one common fact: people are looking for a lasting source of happiness. Unfortunately, I believe that happiness escapes many because they misunderstand the process
and journey of finding it. I have heard many people say, “I?ll be happy when I get my new promotion,” or “I?ll be happy when I lose that extra 20 pounds.” The list goes on and on. This thinking is dangerous because it presupposes (预料) that happiness is a “response” to having, being or doing something. In life, we all experience stimulus (刺激) and response. Stimulus is when a dog barks at you and bares his teeth. Response is when you prepare to run. Today, some people think that an expensive car is a stimulus. Happiness is a response. A great paying job is a stimulus. Happiness is a response. A loving relationship is a stimulus. Happiness is a response. This belief leaves us thinking and feeling; “I?ll be happy when…” It has been my finding that actually the opposite is true. I believe that happiness is a stimulus and response is what life brings to those who are truly happy. When we are happy, we tend to have more success in our work. When we are happy, people want to be around us and enjoy loving relationship. When we are happy, we more naturally take better care of our bodies and enjoy good health. Happiness is NOT a response — rather, it is a stimulus. Happiness is not something that happens to us after we get something we want — we usually get things we want AFTER we choose to be happy. I have made only one simple rule for my own happiness: Every day above ground is a GOOD day. Therefore, I tend to have a lot of good (and happy) days continually. 64. Why does the writer think happiness escapes many people? A. They find happiness in different ways. B. They are working too hard. C. They don?t have a good habit. D. They seek happiness in the wrong way. 65. What do the underlined words “this thinking” in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Misunderstanding of happiness. B. Getting promoted in the job. C. Losing twenty pounds of weight D. Finding one?s own happiness. 66. The writer strongly believes that happiness is ____________. A. a response B. a stimulus C. a feeling D. your health 67. The purpose of writing this passage is to ____________. A. prove an idea B. coach people C. entertain readers D. tell a story D Lisa, a middle-aged woman, went to prepare lunch, leaving her 3-year-old son, Barney, playing by himself in the backyard. All of a sudden, Barney?s sharp cry came into the mother?s ears, and Lisa rushed into the backyard and found a big snake entwining (纠缠) the little child with its body and trying to swallow (吞下) the boy. Lisa was terrified and quite angry. She made up her mind to save her son from the snake?s mouth. It was a fearless mother?s love that made Lisa forget what she faced. She took up an old hatchet (斧头) from the ground and struck the snake with all her strength. One...two.... With the hatchet, Lisa hit the snake again and again, but she felt as if she were striking a mass of solid rubber. The little boy?s voice and breath were getting weaker and weaker. Lisa?s heart was broken and she nearly went mad. Suddenly Lisa put aside the hatchet and threw herself on to the snake, opened her mouth and bit into its back, as if tearing a tough steak (牛排). Lisa was really mad. A small piece of flesh was bitten off. Lisa picked up the hatchet again and hit at the wound in the snake?s back madly and savagely. Stinking blood was spraying out of the snake?s body. The snake was so badly wounded that it
let go of Barney and moved back into the forest. It had never imagined that human beings had such terrible, sharp teeth. Halfway home, the snake died. 68. What did Lisa find when she came into the backyard? A. A big snake had swallowed her son. B. Her son was in danger of losing his life. C. Her son was playing with a poisonous snake. D. Barney was fighting a big snake with a hatchet. 69. Why did Lisa fail in killing the snake at first? A. Because the snake?s skin was too hard to be cut open. B. Because she feared what she did would hurt her son. C. Because the snake was even stronger than Lisa. D. Because she was too astonished to do anything. 70. From the story, we learned that it was a mother?s love that made __________. A. Barney brave B. the snake frightened C. Lisa mad and angry D. the woman fearless
第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 两部分 共 35 分) 第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分)
请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意：每空格 1 个单词。
Live on the moon
As the Chang?e I successfully launched last Wednesday, many people have started to imagine what life on the moon would be like. At a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Francisco on October 20, NASA (美国国家航空航天局) showed its plans to build a permanent moon base. The agency hopes to have a base on the moon, so by the year 2020 four people can have a week-long trip. By the mid-2020s, astronauts could be staying there for six months. Housing In science fiction a moon base is a large glass dome (圆顶). The reality will be a lot less comfortable, at least at first. NASA wants its first few astronauts to live in small modules (舱). Six will be launched separately and then joined together on the surface of the moon. The atmosphere inside the modules would consist of breathable air, theoretically (理论上说) made by mining and processing oxygen-rich minerals on the lunar surface (月球表面). Anyone going on trips outside would need to wear a spacesuit and go out through an airlock (空气门). Health There are lots of unknowns about staying in space for a long time and the biggest issue is how gravity would affect the body. Muscles (肌肉) and bones start wasting away when people spend a long time in zero gravity such as the current space station, which orbits Earth. However, scientists are not sure whether the same thing would happen on the moon, because it has one-sixth of the Earth?s gravity. The radiation from the sun is another problem. Strong radiation may cause cancer. Food and water
In the short term, food would have to be brought from the Earth. The dream, however, is to grow things in greenhouses on the moon. This would involve planting things without soil. It would take at least a decade of experiments after the base is established. Moving around Dr Harrison Schmitt, who landed on the moon in 1972, said that skiing would be the best way for astronauts to move around quickly and easily on the moon. “Once you get a rhythm (节奏) going it?s very easy. You can drive yourself with a push. On the moon you don?t slide, you glide (滑行) above the surface,” he explained. NASA is working on a two-seater car. The vehicle could travel hundreds of kilometers. Inside, astronauts would work without spacesuits. Title: Live on the moon After the (71) _________ launch of the Chang?e I, many people have had the (72) _______ of what life on the moon would be like. ● The moon base will be a large dome (73)________ of glass, which will be a lot less comfortable at first. ● After the six (74) ________ are launched one by one, they will be joined together on the surface of the moon. ● Anyone who goes outside of the (75)_________ on trips would need to wear a spacesuit and go out through an airlock. ● The biggest problem of staying in space for a long time is how gravity would have an (76) _________ on the body; ● The strong radiation from the sun may (77) _________ in cancer. ● In the short term, food would have to be brought from the Earth. ● At least ten (78) __________ of experiments, involving planting things without soil, would be needed after the base is established. ● Dr Harrison Schmitt considered (79) ________ to be the best way for astronauts to ski around quickly and easily on the moon. ● NASA is trying to make a two-seater car, inside (80) _________ astronauts would work with no spacesuits.
Food and water
书面表达 (满分 25 分)
81．最近，媒体常有“老人摔倒，没人敢扶”事件的报导，这已成为人们谈论的一个热点话 题。请根据以下图片提示，以“Should We Help the Elderly?”为题，用英语写一篇短文，向 某英文报社投稿。 内容要点如下： 1．简述画中情景；2．分析其中原因；3．谈谈你的看法。
注意： 1．短文标题与开头语已给出，不计入总词数； 2．可根据图片提示适当发挥； 3．词数 150 左右。 4．参考词汇：肇事者 troublemaker Should We Help the Elderly? Recently, many people witnessed cases where______________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 请 将 内 容 写 在 答 题 卡 上 _______________________________________________________________________________
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