Unit3 A healthy life
一． 单元教学目标 技能目标 Skill Goals ? Talk about health ? Learn the harm of smoking and how to stop smoking ? Learn to advise people about what to do and what not to do ? Lea
rn about AIDS and how to keep safe from HIV ? Write a letter to give advice on some problems 二． 语言目标 （一）功能句式 How to advise people about what to do and what not to do ? Do/don’t… ? Don’t forge to… ? It is not/would be a good idea to… ? You should… ? You don’t have to… ? Mind your head/step! ? It’s OK/all right to… (二) 词汇 (三) 语法 The use of it (四)重点句子
This step is to lead the students to the topic of this unit ―― A healthy life I Questions:
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1. What health issues do you think concern young people the most? (After about 3 minutes) A sample list: Cigarette smoking fitness Sexual health Stress AIDS and infections on 2. What’s a healthy life? (After discussion) Possible answer: To be sure healthy, a person must be well in mind, body and spirit. II Show some pictures on the screen Directions: Looking at the following pictures. What are they doing ?Which are healthy activities while which are unhealthy activities? (Ask the students to describe the pictures using their own words) Straightforward description: Picture one: They are Singing. Healthy Picture two: They are Dancing. Healthy Picture three: They are Playing basketball. Healthy Picture four: They are Doing Taiji. Healthy Picture five: They are Drinking alcohol. Healthy
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Drug taking Diet Cancer
Anxiety and so
Picture six: They are Eating too much. Unhealthy Picture seven: They are Smoking, coughing. Unhealthy III Discussion Devide students in groups and ask them to choose one health issue they think is particularly important. List five things they would like to tell other people about this issue. IV Homework Preview the part of reading, get the main idea of the passage and find out the important language points.
Pre-reading I Questions: 1. Have you ever smoked? If you have, have you ever tried to stop? 2. Why do you think some adolescents start smoking? Possible answer: Some adolescents start smoking because they are falsely influenced by some media. Some think it’s cool. Maybe some want to lighten some stress. 3. In what ways is smoking harmful? Mentally and healthily. 4. What advice would you give to someone when wanted to stop smoking? Possible answer:
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Let them get interested in some positive hobbies like sports, playing music, reading, playing chess and so on. 5. Where could you get good advice on stopping smoking? Reading I Skiming Ask the students to read the passage for five minutes then answer the following questions: 1. Who wrote the letter? What is the purpose of the letter? 2. Get the main idea of each part. II Detail reading 1. Read paragraph 3 and fill in the blanks. 2. Read paragraph 4 carefully and fill in the blanks. III Reading and summary 1. Read the article and find out the suggestions that James’ grandad found on the Internet. 2. Fill in the blanks. 3. Comprehending IV Discussion 1. What kind of person do you think James’ grandfather is? What other information could have been included? What do you think can be done to protect non-smokers(especially women and babies) from those who smoke? 2. Some situations to discuss Situation 1: Suppose you are a teacher, how will you persuade your students to quit smoking.
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Situation 2: Suppose you are a boss, how will you persuade your employees to quit smoking. Situation 3: Suppose your father is a smoker, how will you persuade him to quit smoking. Situation 4: Suppose your teacher is a smoker, how will you persuade him to quit smoking. V Language points 1.adolescent.青少年 e.g. adolescents between 13 and 18 and the problems 13 至 18 岁的青少年以及他们面临的问题 2.due to 归因于，归功于。 e.g. 1.The accident is due to your careless driving. 那意外事故归因于你驾驶不小心。 2. Her worldwide fame is due to his support. 她名扬四海应归功于他的支持。 表示因果关系的词和短语 because 从属连词，接从句，表示所叙述的理由是本句的重点 as\since 从属连词，接从句，表示理由是已知的，而理由以外才是叙 述的重点 for 并列连词，不用于句首，至于第一分句之后，补充说明理由；第 一分句表示推测时，用 for 说明推测的依据。 because of 介词，意思是“因为”，较口语化 owing to 介词，意思是“因为”，较正式 thanks to 介词，意思是 “多亏了” as a result of 介词，意思是“因为” 3. addicted 形容词，“对某某上瘾”,“沉湎于某某” e.g. My children have become hopelessly addicted to television.
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我的几个孩子都成了电视迷，简直不可救药了。 addict 名词，沉湎与不良嗜好的人，由指吸毒者。 addiction 名词，沉湎、成瘾 addictive 形容词，使人上瘾的 4.accustom 动词，使人习惯于、养成习惯 e.g. She found it necessary to accustom her child to getting up early. 她觉得有必要让孩子养成早起的好习惯。 常用句式 （1）accustom+名词/oneself + to+名词 e.g. Children are quick to accustom themselves to new surroundings. 孩子们很快就会适应新环境。 （2） be accustomed to +名词 e.g. I am accustomed to walking long distances. 我习惯与长距离步行。 （3）get/become accustomed to +名词 e.g. You will soon get accustomed to the job. 你将会习惯于这个工作。 5.quit 动词，过去式和过去分词均为 quit，现在分词为 quitting，接动 词-ing 形式，“停止做” e.g. She quit smoking when she got pregnant. 她一怀孕就戒了烟。 6. in spite of 尽管、无视 。后接名词。 e.g. She can’t see very well in spite of her glasses.尽管戴着眼镜她还 是不能看得很清楚。 The boy went out in spite of his father’s orders.那男孩无视父亲的 命令，径直出去了。
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7. feel like 想要，只表示一次的想法，后接动词-ing 形式 e.g. It’s so hot today. I feel like going swimming. 今天好热啊。我想去游泳。 8.get into 陷于，染上什么习惯 get into the habit of 养成什么习惯。相当于 fall into the habit of 或者 form the habit of e.g. The girl has got into the habit of playing with her hair while reading. 那个女孩养成了阅读时玩弄头发的习惯。 短语联想 ?get into trouble 惹上麻烦 ?get into debt 负债累累 ?get into a temper 大发脾气 ?get into deep water 陷于困境 ?get into one’s head 有某种看法 ?get into the way of 习惯于、学会 VI Homework 1. Find out the key points of the text. 2. Search some more information about the harmful effects of smoking and advice on stopping smoking.
Learning about language
I The use of “it” （详见课件） 1. 做形式主语。 2. 作形式宾语。
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3. 用于强调结构 4. 用作人称代词。 5. 用作非人称代词。 6. 用于某些习语 7. It 的一些习惯用法 Exercises II Proverbs with it III Exercises IV Homework 1.Revise and master the use of it. 2. Pre-view the Reading: HIV/AIDS: Are you at risk?
I Show some pictures on the computer. This step is to make the students have a general understanding of AIDS and HIV. II Groupwork Task 1: How much do you know about HIV/ AIDS? （True or False?） Task2：Read the poster on P22 and then choose the answers to the questions: III Discussion How should we act towards people who have HIV/ AIDS? What can we do to help them? IV Homework Find more information about HIV/AIDS, and tell me how would you behavor in the future, if you met a person with HIV/AIDS?
Using language Listening speaking and writing
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I.Discussion: Are there any discos, karaoke bars or nightclubs in your district for young people to go to? Have you ever been to places like these? Do you ever go to parties with your friends? Do you think it is OK for alcohol to be available at places where young people meet? 3. Read Exercise 1, which explains the context of the dialogue. Give suggestions about the kind of things Sara might be nervous about. II Pre-listening: III listening to the tape and complete the exercises. Speaking Group work Imagine you are go to a party where there are lots of people who are older than you. In groups make up a list of rules that you can follow to make sure you behave appropriately. Writing I Task Read this letter and imagine you are the adviser who deals with students’ problems. Write a letter to give Xiaolei some helpful advice. 203 Thames Street Oxford, OX41LF Friday 11 Nov. Dear students in Class 20 Grade 2,
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Can you help me, please? I have tried to stop smoking several times. I am OK for two days and then I feel really sick and irritable and I have to start smoking again. I know smoking is a bad habit, but I just can’t seem to give it up. Do you have any useful tips? Yours sincerely Li Xiaolei II Steps 1. Make a list of the tips to quit smoking. 2. Choose 3 pieces of most useful advice and write 2 or 3 sentences to explain how to do it. 3. structure 4. Usful expression III Sample Letter Dear Li Xiaolei, I am sorry you have had so much trouble to stop smoking, but I am glad you are still trying. I hope the tips below will help you. First of all, don’t give up. The more often you try the more likely you are to eventually succeed. When you feel irritable, don’t automatically reach for a cigarette to make you feel better. Take a few moments to relax. Start by breathing deeply and lifting your arms out to the side and over your head. It is a good idea to drink lots of water and eat lots of fruit when you are quitting smoking. This will help to remove the nicotine from your body faster and you won’t feel so sick. It is normal to feel a little stressed when you first give up smoking, but try
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to remember that it will only last a few days and then you will begin to feel much better. Keep up the good work, Li Xiaolei ,and remind yourself how much healthier you will be when you finally quit. Good luck and best wishes, Ivy
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