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ASSINGNMENT 1 Thousands of years, people always are founding what the true love. Today true love is defined as the feeling of lightheartedness that one experiences when around another human. At that time of Shakespeare and Donne, true love was a deep spiritual and emotional connection towards two humans. The connection never fades and grows stronger with separation. Many people believe that one can fall in and out of love; nevertheless, the love in poet will never die. The love that they depicted regarded the truest of all loves. As beauty and time fades, true love will remain forever strong. This is a farewell poem,they should be separate in the summer, now in the fall, everywhere is a surplus of harvest scenery, but Shakespeare feel very cold, because his lover has left; The love in this poem is deeper, full of emotional. The comparison to winter speaks to the lack of life, warmth and promise of what may come as seen with spring and summer. The speaker states that it cannot be summer if his lover is not with him (metaphorically). Essentially, the speaker feels as if the entire world has become dead: birds will not, or cannot sing, the leaves have no color and no pleasure can be found visually. Essentially, the speaker feels dead inside, much like the world is when winter has come. Here “what freezing…what dark days…what old December…” is a parallelism and also a climax, expressing his strong emotional feelings. a winter” –It is a metaphor, illustrative of the soul's dark winter, but using the imagery of an actual winter to enhance the effect, What old December's bareness everywhere! “Old December” – it is personified here, use the “old” and “bareness” probably suggested by the fact that the year was considered old by the time the last months came round. We still see out the old year, and let in the new “summer and his pleasures”- summer is personified here, perhaps as a reveler, perhaps as a god of plenty, with pleasures and other maskers and revelers. The typical classical image was that of Bacchus and his attendant revelers. In a word, rhetorical devices, such as

metaphor and personification, make the sonnet more expressively and impressive. The poet uses them, on one hand, to help him create a suitable atmosphere and convey his own inner feelings; on the other hand, to add beauty and vividness to description. John Donne reveals his insights on the condition of human love and its relationship

to the soul by employing unexpected metaphors. He metaphorically eulogizes spiritual love and soul unit of lovers in spite of physical distance. John Donne shows parallel between a positive way to meet death and a positive way to separate from lover, when the virtuous man died, he whispered his soul to go. The soul of the dying man is apart from his body to get the union with another world. Donne shows parallel between a positive way to meet death and a positive way to separate from lover. When virtuous man died, he whispered his soul goes. The soul of the dying man is apart from his body to get the union with another world. In the last three stanzas the poet turns concentration from spiritual loves to physical love. The two separate lovers are likened to the legs of “geometer’s compass. The image is said to be “the ingenious and playful though nonsensical conceit” “The metaphor is apt if the readers take into account fact that the compass is an emblem of firmness and perfection of love”. Without the firmness of the fixed point, he would be unable to complete the journey and make the circle just. We can see that the poet takes compass as the symbol of the perfection of his love. He proves the point by drawing the circle with the compass. The legs of the compass move together as the two souls in love do, and part and unite as one of these “roams” to draw but always “come home” on finishing its job. The last stanza also emphasizes the position of women. Men “obliquely run”. Donne compares his wife as standing and leaning firm in center and himself as the roaming leg eager to get back to the end of the circle. The poem ends with the image of a circle, implying the union of two souls in a love relationship. This perfection is attained by parting at the beginning of the circle and reuniting at the point where the curves reconnect. The circle in the “Valediction” represents the journey during which two lovers endure the trial of separation, as they support each other spiritually, and eventually merge in a physically and spiritually perfect union. To sum up, in Forbidding Mourning, John Donne expresses his deep understanding on love in his metaphysical wring style. Instead of physical love, he emphasizes spiritual love. Although two lovers’ bodies are separated due to long distance, they can also achieve spiritual union. Donne employs surprising metaphor effectively to convey his ideas, not only thought-evoking, but also striking.

They both were good at using metaphors, comparisons, personifications and other means to modify their poetry. Besides all this similarities, they both own unique and individual qualities in their love poetry,they are all great poets.


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