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【志鸿优化设计】2014届高考英语一轮复习 Module2 DevelopingandDevelopedCountries 外研版必修3


《志鸿优化设计》2014 届高考英语(外研版 全国)一轮复习题 库:必修 3Module2 DevelopingandDevelopedCountries
Ⅰ.完成句子 1.俱乐部正在尽一切努力来吸引更多的年轻人。 The clubs are ______ ______ ______ to interest more young people. 2.这本书对我的翻译来说

很有帮助,但是那本没有用。 This book is of a great help to my translation,but that one is ______ ______ ______. 3.他习惯于开着窗子睡觉。 He is used to sleeping ______ ______ ______ ______. 4.你必须给花浇足够多的水。 You must give flowers ______ ______ ______ ______ they need. 5.她认 为我在谈论她女儿,但事实上,我谈论的是我女儿。 She thought I was talking about her daughter,______ in fact,I was talking about my daughter. Ⅱ.单项填空 1.—I thin k we can do it right now.Not tomorrow. — ______!Let's get down to it now. A.I'm sorry B.Come off it C.You're dead right D.Absolutely not 2.What I like about the English name Lily is its ______ to my Chinese name “Li Li”. A.familiarity B.imitation C.same D.similarity 3.There has been an increase in the technical cooperation and cultural ______ between China and other countries in the past ten years. A.change B.trade C.bargain D.exchange 4. (2012 黑龙江佳木斯一中四模,22)The soldiers have to stand for hours without changing ______. A.position B.state C.situation D.location 5.It is generally acknowledged that education shouldn't be ______ purely by examination results. A.confirmed B.measured C.classified D.identified 6.They have ______ most carefully the time and money needed to complete the project. A.picked out B.left out C.figured out D.helped out 7.Her life has run smoothly ______,with which she herself feels content. A.up to now B.up to date C.in time D.before long 8. (2012 吉林长春实验中学二模, ―Many people are worried that so many college 30) graduates each year can't find a job. ―There is no need to worry about it as the government is now making every ______ to provide more jobs. A.effort B.effect C.measure D.action 9. the school term ends, York is no closer to ______ its shortage of teachers As New

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than it was earlier in the year. A.solve B.solving C.being solved D.be solved 10.—Is there anything special you'd like for the dinner,Teddy? —Nothing ______,as usual,Mummy. A.on the whole B.in partic ular C.in general D.in total 11.______ the police thought he was the most likely one,since they had no exact proof about it,they could not arrest him. A.Although B.As long as C.If only D.As soon as 12. (2012 高考冲刺黄金卷,6)Single women usually stay away from marriage by their own choice,______ single men are mostly victims of circumstances. A.for B.while C. and D.but 13.It is generally believed that teaching is ______ it is a science. A.an art much as B.much an art as C.as an art much as D.as much an art as 14. This old dictionary has been of great ______ in helping me to learn the English language. A.usefulness B.value C.price D.cost 15.In English teaching,clear and patient explanation will help learners understand English ______ and learn it ______. A.much better;much effectively B.more better;much effectively C.more better;more effectively D.much better;more effectively Ⅲ.阅读理解 Americans wear b lack for mourning while Chinese wear white.Westerners think of dragons as monsters.Chinese honor them as symbols of God.Chinese civilization has often shown such polarities (极性) with the West, though each stands at extreme as ends of a global string.Now in the University of California,Berkeley,psychologist has discovered deeper polarities between Chinese and American cultures — polarities that go to the heart of how we reason and discover truth. His findings go far toward explaining why American culture seems to contentious and Chinese culture so passive,when compared to each other.More importantly, the research opens the way for the peoples of the East and the West to learn from each other in fundamental ways.The Chinese could learn much from Western methods for determining scientific truth,said Kaiping Peng,a former Beijing scholar, who is now a UC Berkeley assistant professor of psychology.And Americans could profit enormously from the Chinese tolerance for accepting contradictions(矛盾)in social and personal life,he said. “Americans have a terrible need to find out who is right in an argument,” said Peng.“The problem is that at the interpersonal level you really don't need to find the truth,or maybe there isn't any.”Chinese people,said Peng,are far more content to think that both sides have flaws and virtues,because they have a general awareness that life is full of contradictions.They do far less blaming of the individual than Americans do,he added. In studies of interpersonal argument,for example,when subjects were asked to deal with contradictory information stemming from conflict(冲突)between a mother
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and a daughter or a student and a school , Peng found that Ame ricans were “non?compromising,blaming one side—usually the mother—for the causes of the problems,demanding changes from one side to attain a solution and offering no compromise” in dealing with the conflict.Compared to this angry,blaming American stance,the Chinese were paragons(模范)of compromise,finding fault on both sides and looking for solutions that moved both sides to the middle. 1.In Paragraph 1,the author sets examples in order to ______. A.expose the contradiction between Chinese and Americans B.show the differences between Chinese culture and American culture C.find the reason for the differences D.generalize the main idea of the passage 2.The underlined word “contentious” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______. A.conservative B.aggressive C.objective D.optimistic 3.Compared with Americans,Chinese are ______. A.likely to find the truth in life B.reluctant to admit their own fai lure C.reluctant to have a general idea of things D.likely to know advantages and disadvantages of things 4.The main idea of the passage is ______. A.polarities between American culture and Chinese culture B.priorities of American culture to Chinese culture C.different attitudes towards the aged D.different manners in social occasions Ⅳ.书面表达 最近一家英国网站为中国留学生提供住宿家庭(host family) 。假如你是李华,正在伦 敦学习,准备给网站负责人 Mr Smith 发封电子邮件,说明自己对住宿家庭的要求: ◆住房宽敞舒适 ◆房子位于市中心,交通便利 ◆主人能讲流利的英语,待人热情随和 ◆能免费洗衣,自己做饭 ◆(其他要求) 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯,语句通顺。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

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参考答案 Ⅰ.1.making every effort/trying their best 2.of no use 3.with the window(s)open 4.as much water as 5.while Ⅱ.1.C 根据后面“咱们现在就做”判断,此处是同意对方的提议,所以选 C 项,表 示“你说得太对了”。 2.D familiarity 意为“熟悉”;imitation 意为“模仿”;same 意为“同样的 人或 事物”;similarity 意为“相似”。句意:我喜欢莉莉这个英文名字,是觉得它跟我的汉 语名字 “李丽”相似。 3.D change 意为“变化;零钱”;trade 意为“贸易;交易”;bargain 意为“讨价 还价;便宜货”;exchange 意为“交换;交流”。该题应选 D 项,表示“技术合作和文化 交流”。 4.A position 意为“位置;姿势”;state 意为“状态”;situation 意为“形势; 境况”;location 意为“位置”。句意:士兵们不得不站几个小时不改变姿势。 5. confirm 意为“证实; B 确认”; measure 意为“衡量; 评估”; classify 意为“分 类;归类”;identify 意为“识别;确定”。根据句意判断应选 B 项,表示“教育不应该 只靠考试成绩来评价”。 6.C pick out 意为“挑出”;leave out 意为“省略;漏掉”;figure out 意为“计 算出;弄明白”;help out 意为“帮助克服困难”。句意:他们非常仔细地计算出了完成 这项工程所 需要的时间和资金。 7.A up to now 意为“直到现在”,通常与完成时连用,符合语境。up to date 意为 “最新的;现代的”;in time 意为“及时”;before long 意为“不久”。 8.A make an effort t o do sth.意为“努力地做某事”,所以答案为 A 项。measure 和 action 都与动词 take 搭配,表示“采取措施或行动”。 9. 句意: B 学期结束时, 纽约和今年上半年一样根本没解决师资不足的问题。 close be to 中的 to 是介词,后接动名词形式,故答案是 B 项。 10.B on the whole 意为“大体上”;in particular 意为“特别”;in general 意 为“一般;通常”;in total 意为“总共”。句意:没有什么特别的,和往常一样,妈妈。 11.A 句意:尽管警察认为他最有可能,但是由于没有确切的证据,他们不能逮捕他。 表示让步应用 although。as long as 表示条件,意为“只要”;if only 表示条件,意为 “要是??就好了”;as soon as 表示时间,意为“一??就??”。 12.B for 表示原因,不合句意;and 表示意义上的顺延,不合句意;but 和 while 都 表示意义上的转折,但 while 还有对比意义,所以应选 B 项。 13.D 考查 as...as 的用法。句意:人们通常认为教学是一门科学,也是一门艺术。 14.B of great value 意为“很有价值”。句意:这本旧词典在帮助我学习英语方面 一直很有价值。 15.D much 可作状语修饰比较级,而 more 不能,可排除 B、C 项;根据句意和逻辑判 断,第二个空也应用比较级,所以在 effectively 前加 more。句意:在英语教学中,清楚 而耐心的讲解会帮助学习者更好地理解并且更加有效地学习英语。 Ⅲ.1.B 作者意图题。根据该段“...has discovered deeper polarities between Chinese and American cultures”可知,作者通过举例来说明中美文化的差异。 2.B 猜测词义题。句中的 contentious 与后面的 passive 相对立,由此可推断应选 B 项,表示“有进取心的;好斗的;爱争论的”。A 项意为“保守的”;C 项意为“客观的”; D 项意为“乐观的”。 3.D 推理判断题。根据第三段内容可知,中国人善于全面考虑问题,把事情看作是矛 盾的整体,从双方进行评价,所以答案为 D 项。 5.A 主旨大意题。本文介绍的是一位心理学家的发现,第一段点明了本文的主题,由 此可判断 A 项正确。 Ⅳ. Dear Mr Smith, I'm Li Hua,an exchange student studying in London.I'm writing to ask you to do me a favor.My requests for the host family are as follows.
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First,I'd like a large and comfortable house,which is located in the centre of the city.It's convenient for me to get round.Next,the host family should be warm?hearted and easy?going.It's better for them to speak fluent English so that I can improve my oral English rapidly.In addition,I'd be grateful if the host family can hold get?togethers regularly which can give me an opportunity to have a better understanding of the western culture.Last but not least,I prefer to cook by myself and get my clothes washed for free. I would appreciate it if you could reply to me as soon as possible. Sincerely yours, Li Hua

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