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小学英语语法点基础复习之There be 句型归纳与练习


There be 句型 1. 定义:There be 句型表示某处存在某物或某人。 2. 结构:(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语. (2) There are +复数名词+地点状语. there 是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。句子的主语是某人 或某物也就是 Be 动词后面的名词,谓语动词 be 要与主语(某人或某物)的数保持一致

。 当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。 例句. ① There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。

② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. 我们教室里有一位老师 和许多学生。 ③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 树下有两个男孩,一个女孩。 3. There be 句型与 have 的区别: (1) There be 句型和 have 都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be 表示“某处存在某物或 某人”;have 表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。 例句:. ①He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。 办公室里有两个男人。

②There are two men in the office.

(2)当 have 表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。 例句: 4变型 否定句 There be 句型的否定式的构成和含有 be 动词的其它句型一样, be 后加上 not 或 no 即可。 在 即 There be+not+名词+地点状语,其中 be 根据名词的单数、复数走。注意 not 和 no 的不 同:not 是副词,no 为形容词,not a/an/any +名词. 相当于 no+ 名词。 例如: There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall. A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。

There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree. 一般疑问句 There be 句型的一般疑问句变化是把 be 动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可,此为\" 调整法\"。即 Be there +名词+地点状语,其中 be 根据名词的单数、复数走。但同时要注意: 当肯定句中有 some 时,要将其改为 any(否定变化也一样) 。 看看下面两句是如何\"改头换面\"的吧: There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars? There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water? 特殊疑问句 There be 句型的特殊疑问句形式有以下三种变化: ① 对主语提问:当主语是人时,用\"Who\'s+介词短语?\";当主语是物时,用\"What\'s + 介 词短语?\"。注意: 无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用 be 的单数形式(回 答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如: There are many things over there. →What's over there? There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room? ② 对地点状语提问:提问地点当然用"Where is / are+主语?\"啦!例如: There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer? There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children? ③ 对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构: How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语? How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语? There be 句型专练 一.根据所给汉语完成句子。 1. 桌子上有一本书和两支钢笔。There _____ a book and two pens on the desk. 2. 钱包里有些钱。There ____ some money in the picture. 3. 在吉姆的书包里有一些卡片。____ _____ some cards in Jim’s bag.

4. 里面还有其他的东西吗?_____ _____ anything else in it? 5. 我们学校有许多班。There _____ many _____ in our school. 6. 树上没有鸟。There _____ ______ birds in the tree. 二.选择填空: 1. Are there any maps on the wall? ___ A. There are some. B. Yes, there is. C. Yes, there is one. D. No, there are.

2. How many ____ are there in the picture? A. woman B. women C. buy D. milk 3. There aren’t ___ trees near the house. There is only one. A. any B. some C. many D. much 4. There ___ two bowls of rice on the table. A. is B. have C. has D. are 5. Are there ___ houses near the river? Yes, there are _ A. some, some 三.句型转换: 1. There is a woman near the house. 变复数) 2. There are some buses near the hill. 变 ( ( 单数) 3. There are some apples in the tree.(变一般问句) 4. There are some oranges in the glass.(变否定句) 5. Is there a baby in the room?(变复数) 6. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden. (就划线部分提问) ___ ___ in the garden? 7. There is a bookcase in my study. (变一般问句) _____ _____ _____ _____ in your study? 8. There is a soccer ball and a basketball on the floor. _____ ____ on the floor? 9. My new dress is in the wardrobe. _____ _______ your new dress? 10. There are some big trees behind my house. _____ _____ ______ big trees? 四.there be 与 have 区别专练。 1. This desk _____ four legs. 2. ______ some books on the desk. 3. Everyone ______ a dictionary in my class. B. any, some C. any, any .

D. some, any

4. _______ (没有) knives in the room. 5. I _____ a new sweater. 6. ______ some flowers and a desk in the room. 7. ______ nothing in the bag. 8. They ______ something to eat.


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