1．patient adj.耐心的，能忍受的，坚韧的 n．病人 归纳拓展 (1)be patient with sb.对某人有耐心
be patient of sth.忍耐某事
have patience with sb./sth. 对某人/某事有耐心
have the pa
tience to do sth. 有耐心做某事 be out of patience with...对??忍无可忍 have no patience with...对??不能容忍
2．avoid vt.避免；避开；逃避 归纳拓展
(1)avoid 后可以跟名词、代词或动词的 -ing 形式
(2)avoid (doing) sth.避免(做)某事
例句：I avoided punishment/being punished by running away. To green hands，mistakes are not avoidable.
There was an uncovered well on the road and the
man couldn't________falling into it in the darkness.
【解析】 考查动词的用法辨析。avoid doing sth.“避 免/避开做某事”；can’t help doing“禁不住做某事”； refuse后面一般跟动词不定式to do作宾语，意为“拒 绝做某事”；prevent...from doing sth.“阻止…… 做……”。 【答案】 A
3．dare vt.敢于面对，敢于承担(风险) 敢 归纳拓展
形式为daren't。 (2)当dare作实义动词且用在否定句和疑问句中时，其后 接不定式，不定式符号to常可省略。 (3)I dare say是固定短语，意为“我敢说，恐怕也许是”， 常作插入语。
?daren't ? ? ? 例句：I ?don't dare ?to? ?quarrel with them. ? ?didn't dare ? to? ? ? 我不敢跟他们争吵。
Dare you go out alone at night? I dare say there are mistakes.
—You needn't stop me. —Even if you ________ it, I won't allow you to swim across the river. A．dared do B．dare do
D．doesn't dare to do
C．dare not do
4 ． appreciate vt.欣赏，赞赏，重视；对?? 表 示感谢；
appreciate 意为 “ 感谢 ” 时，后接名词、代词或
?n./pron. ? appreciate＋ ? doing sth. ? ?one's doing I would appreciate it if...如果??我将不胜感激
I greatly appreciate your kindness. I would appreciate it if you would turn the music
down. His genius was at last universally appreciated. 他的天才终于得到了普遍的赏识。
【链接训练】 —Did Hanna say anything about me in her letter?
—Only that she'd appreciate ________ from you.
A．to hear C．to hearing B．hearing D．to have heard
5．admit (admitted，admitting)vt.承认，准许……进入 (或使用)，接纳，接收；能容纳；vi.容许，留有余地；通向， 开向 归纳拓展
? ?sth. 承认?事实、过失等? ?doing/having done sth. 承认做过某事 ? (1)admit＋? that... 承认?? ? ? sb./sth.to be 承认某人/事???to be作 ? ? 宾语补足语?
sb. be admitted to... 接受某人(入学、入院等) 例句： He admitted having driven the car without insurance. Tom was admitted to Oxford University last year.
As a senior student, I am determined to work
harder in order to________the desired university.
A．admit by C．admit into 【答案】 D B．be admitted by D．be admitted into
6．respect vt.尊敬，尊重 归纳拓展
(1)respect sb./sth.for sth.因某事尊敬或敬重某人/某 物 respect oneself自重，自尊 (2)show/have respect for尊敬，尊重??
out of one's respect出于对某人的尊敬
(3)send/give one's respects to...代某人向??问 好
例句：I respect you for your honesty. Students should show respect for their teachers.
Please give my respects to your parents.
Mr Black is the professor ________ I have great respect. A．to whom C．who 【答案】 D B．whom D．for whom
? ?of/about sth./doing sure＋? ? clause ?that-
?of/about＋n./pron./doing ? ?thatclause ?主语只能是某人? (2)be sure＋? ? to do sth. ?主语是人或物? ? ? what ? how，when...?＋不定式
注意：be sure to do sth.表示主语肯定会做某事 be sure of doing sth.表示主语对做某事有把握
Good teachers make sure that everyone in the
class understands them. Arrive early at the cinema to make sure of
getting a seat！ Be sure to ring and let us know you've got back safely.
________ to come and meet my family today, will you?
A．To be sure
2．as a result 作为结果，因此 归纳拓展 (1)as a result of 由于，因为……的缘故
(2)result in 导致(后跟结果)
result from 起因，由于(后跟原因)
例句： As a result，a sit-down strike began. A sit-down strike began as a result of the poor
The confusion results from ←―― the strike . 起因于
混乱是由罢工引起的。 results in The strike ←―― the confusion . 导致 罢工导致了混乱。
Most of all Chinese homes now have
microwave ovens，partly ________ less time to spend preparing food. A．as a reason of B．as a result of C．because 【答案】 B D．as a fact that
句式，即 would rather (do) ． ..than (do) ． .. ，意为 “宁愿 ( 做 )…… 而不愿 ( 做 )…… ；与其 ( 做 )…… 不如 (做)……”。 (2)would rather...than... 也 可 改 成 would 宁愿(不)做
(do)．..rather than (do)．..，其用法及含义不变。
(3)would rather (not)＋动词原形
I would rather watch TV at home than go to the
cinema. Facing the enemies，our soldiers would die rather than surrender.
1. She’s kind and patient , and she explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it !
So … that … 句式 如此…以至于…
She was so weak that she could hardly stand up .
so...that...与such...that... 两者都引导结果状语从句，意为“ 如此 ?? 以 至于??”。 不同的是so为副词，such为形容词。其用法区别
?adj./adv. ? ? ? so＋?adj.＋a/an＋n. ?＋thatclause ?many/much/few/little?少?＋n.? ? ?
?a/an＋adj.＋n. ? ? ? such＋?adj.＋可数名词复数?＋thatclause ?adj.＋不可数名词 ? ? ?
注意： so that 为的是，引导目的状语从句，从句中常有 can ，
so that引导结果状语从句一般不与情态动词连用，从句 前可用逗号隔开。
1. He was so fat that he couldn't get through the
2. It is such a tiny kitchen that I don't have to do
much to keep it clean.
3. They all worked day and night so that they might finish the task ahead of time. 4. The old man was caught in a rain，so that all his clothes were wet.
①This morning, he went to school in
________ a hurry that he wore shoes that didn't ________ at all. A．so；suit C．such；match 【答案】 C B．such；fit D．so；go with
②The college education system should be reformed ____ it can follow the pace of the economic development.
A．so long as
C．only if 【答案】 B
2. I’ve always hated making mistakes or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English , but Mrs Li just smiles , so that you don’t feel completely stupid !
1. He said: “I’ve left my
pen in my room.”→
He told me that he had left his
book in his room.
2. She said: “He will be busy.”→
She said that he would be busy.
3. She said to Tom, “Can
you help me?”→
She asked Tom if/whether he cou help her.
Learning useful structure
Look at these sentences:
S1: Open the window. S2: Pass on the book to your deskmate. S3: Will you please close the door? Then ask: What is the difference among the sentences ?
Make clear the difference between commands and requests and finish the following exercises:
1. Go and collect the wood right now. (C) 2. Could you go and get the shopping bags, please? (R) 3. Shut the door at once. (C) 4. Go and get my coat. (C) 5. Would you please get that book for me? (R)
祈使句的直接引语和间接引语 祈使句的间接引语——采用 “动词+宾语+不定式”结构。
told/asked/ordered sb. (not) to do
祈使句 him, “Don’t
间接引语(变化后) 不定式 ordered him not
The officer said to The officer leave your post.” to leave his post.
直接引语 (变化前) 句 I said to him,
间接引语(变化后) I suggested him that we (should) start at once.
Let’s开头的祈使 that 引导的宾语从句
“Let’s start at
直接引语 (变化前) 感叹句 He said: “How happy I am!”
He said that he was very happy. He said how happy he was.
1.The teacher said to the students,
“Don’t waste your time.” → The teacher told the students not to waste their time. 2.The mother said, “Tom, get up early, please.”→
The mother asked Tom to get up early.
直接引语如果是以“Let’s”开头的 祈使句，变为间接引语时，通常用 “suggest +动句词（或从句）。” 例如：
He said, "Let’s go to the film."
→He suggested going to the film.
或He suggested that they should go to
see the film.
1.“Please close the window,” he said to me. →He ______ me _____ the window.
A. said to; to close
B. told to; closing
C. asked ; to close
D. said to; please close
2. He said, “Don’t do that
He _____ me _______ that
again. A. said to me; not to do B. said to me; don’t do C. told me; don’t do
3.“Don’t put it on my hat.”his wife said to him. His wife told him ___put it on ___hat. A. don’t, his B. don’t, her
C. not to, his
D. not to, her
4. Rose asked Tom, “Did you see my purse?” Rose asked Tom ___. A. whether that he had seen her purse B. whether he had seen her purse
C. that whether he had seen her
5.He asked me ________ with me.
A. what the matter is
B. what the mater was
C. what’s the matter
D. what was the matter
解析:如果直接引语是“What’s the matter?” “What’s wrong?” “What’s the trouble?”, 变间接引
6. He asked , “Are you a Party member or a League member?” →He asked me ______.
A. am I a Party member or a League member
B. was I a Party member or a League
member C. Whether I was a Party member or a League
member D. whether was I a Party member or a League member 解析: 选择疑问句要变成whether
7. “You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked. →She asked ________. A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you B. whether I had already got well C. have I already got well D. had I already got well. 解析 : 反意疑问句要变成 whether引导
8. He asked ________ for the computer.
A. did I pay how much
B. I paid how much
C. how much did I pay
D. how much I paid
9.The boy said, “May I go along with
The boy asked me ___.
A. if I might go along with you B. if he might go along with you C. if he might go along with me D. if he might go along with the boy
10.He said, “Mother, the boy is very naughty.” →He ____ very naughty. A. said his mother that the boy was B. said to his mother that the boy is C. told his mother that the boy was D. spoke to his mother that the boy was
把下列句子变为直接引语或间接引语。 1. “Open the window, please.” Mother said to me. Mother asked / told me to open the window. 2. The teacher told the student not to speak to him / her like that. “Don’t speak to me like that,” the teacher said to the student.
3. “Would you please stop to have a rest?” she said. She asked me to stop to have a rest.
4. He asked me to lower my voice. “Could you please lower your voice?” he said.
单句改错。 1. Mr. Liu told us don’t be late again. don’t → not to 2. He says we were to meet him at the station. were → are 3. Mum said to me to make sure the light was turned off. said to → told
翻译下列句子。 1. 他建议我带上雨伞。
He advised me to take an umbrella with me. 2. 老师告诉我们上课时不要吃东西。
The teacher told us not to eat in class.
in…ways 在…方面 believe it or not 信不信由你 come up to a place 参观某地 such as 例如 come up with 提出 ever before 从前
even if/ though 即使
be based on 在...基础上
at the end of 在…末期
close to 距离…近
take…with…随身携带 at present 目前
in the early days 在早期
the same…as 与…相同的
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