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外研版高中英语必修二Module1知识详解


必修二 Module1 Ⅰ. 单词荟萃 1. adj.罕见的;珍奇的→ adv.很少的;罕有的→rareness n.稀奇;珍贵 2. unhealthy adj. 不健康的;不卫生的→ adj.健康的,卫生的 → n.健康 3. adj.富裕的→wealth n.财富 4. adj.忧虑的;焦虑的,不安的;渴望的→anxiety n. 焦虑,忧虑 5. Vt.损害,伤害→inj

ury n.损伤,毁坏→ adj.受伤的 6. pain n.痛苦,疼痛;辛苦,努力(常用复数) v 使痛苦;疼痛→ adj. 令人疼痛的,令人痛 苦的,疼的→painless adj.无痛的,不引起痛苦的 7. adj.正常的,正规的 n.正常状态→abnormal adj.不正常的 8. overweight adj 超重的,肥胖的→ v.重,称重,权衡→ n.重量,体重 9. V.呼吸,呼气→breath n.呼吸,气息,一口气 10. adj.吓人的;糟糕的,难受的→ adv.非常→awfulness n.糟糕,恶劣,难受 Ⅱ.短语检测 1.至少 7.喜欢甜食 2.朝...前进 8.进行锻炼 3.生病了 9.对...着迷 4.一周四次 10.发烧 5.患感冒 11.不上班 6.宁愿 12.支付...的费用 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.I take at least two hours’ exercise a week.我每周至少锻炼 2 个小时 2.When Zhou Kai’s mother saw him heading towards the front door without a jacket on, she eyed him anxiously.当周凯的妈妈看到他没穿夹克往外走的时候,她焦虑地看着他。 3.That’s because I was stupid enough to play football in the rain. 那是因为我很傻,竟然冒雨踢足球。 4.So as you can see from what I’ve said, I’m a normal kind of person. 所以,正如你们从我上面所说的看出来的,我是一个正常人。 5.Go to bed now or you will be really tired tomorrow.现在就上床睡觉,否则你明天会很累 Ⅳ.单元语法 1.fit adj(suitable for, good enough for)适合的,恰当的,胜任的;(in good health)健康的 v.(to be the right shape and size for)适合, 合身; (to make sb./oneself/sth. suitable for a particular role or task)使合适,使胜任;(to supply sth. and fix or put it into place)安装 keep fit 保持健康 be fit for sth./to do sth. 适合(做)某事 fit in (with) 适应;相处融洽 【易混辨析】fit, suit 和 match (1) fit 多指大小、形状合适 (2) suit 多指衣服、颜色、发式等适合某人的风格、性格等,或某种安排等合乎需要,对人 方便 (3) match 多指大小、颜色、形状、性质等方面的搭配 【温馨提示】 fit 除了作东西时与 match,suit 的辨析很重要外,fit 本身既作形容词又作动词这一点,学生 易混淆。

【活学活用】 (1)The wallpaper and the paint pretty well.壁纸和油漆的颜色十分协调 (2)The arrangement us both.这个安排对我们两人都合适 (3)This hairstyle doesn’t you.这种发式不适合你 (4)I tried the dress on but .我试穿了那件连衣裙,但不合身 (5)He govern this country. 他不适合管理这个国家 (6)I wasn’t sure if she would my friends.我拿不准她是否会和我的朋友们相处融洽 2.anxious adj(worried about sth)忧虑的,焦虑的;(strongly wishing sth.;eager for sth.)渴望的 (1)anxiously adv. 焦急地;担忧地 anxiety n. 焦虑,忧虑 (2) be anxious about 忧虑,但心,害怕(结果) be anxious for 渴望得到某物 be anxious (for sb.)to do sth. 渴望(某人)做某事 【易混辨析】anxious 和 eager anxious 和 eager 都有“急切的,渴望的”之意,但 anxious 更多地用来强调因忧虑、关注 或害怕而产生的急切心情。 eager 侧重于急于成功的迫切心情。 eager 可以构成短语 be eager (for sb.) to do/ be eager for sth., 表示 “渴望......” 。 同义短语: long to do sth.和 long for sth. 【活学活用】 (1)He .他急于要离开 (2)I her safety. 我对她的安全很担心 (3)She success.她渴望成功 3.injure vt.损害,伤害 (1)injury n. 损害,毁坏,侮辱,诽谤 injured adj. 受伤的 (2)be/get injured 受伤 the injured 伤者 【易混辨析】hurt,injure,wound 和 harm (1)hurt 为普通用语,作及物动词时,指“是人的肉体受伤而疼痛”,或“伤了人的自尊心 或感情”。hurt 作不及物东西时,表示“痛”的意思。 I didn’t want to hurt his feelings. 我并没有想伤害他的感情 My legs still hurts. 我的腿还在疼 (2)injure 比 hurt 正式,injure 一般指由于意外或事故造成损伤。它常暗示受伤部位的功能受 到影响,而 hurt 的结果不一定影响技能的发挥 She injured herself during training. 他在训练时受了伤 (3)wound 一般指严重的外伤,主要指在战场上受枪弹伤害。作为及物动词,它的宾语是整 个人,而不是受伤的部位。 The thief wounded him with a knife. 那小偷用刀刺伤了他 (4)harm 表示“对...有害/损害”,特指伤一个人或其心情、健康、权利、事业等,并使之产 生痛苦、损害或某种不幸遭遇。作名词时,常用于短语 do harm to Most of the chemicals harm the environment. 大多数化学物质都对环境有危害 【活学活用】 (1)She in an accident during the work.她在一次工伤事故中受了重伤 (2)I while playing football.Because of this injury, I had to miss shchool

for a week 我踢足球时伤了腿,因此我不得不一周没上学 (3)After a time, my back any more. 过了一会儿,我的背不再疼了 (4)Smoking does to our health. 吸烟对我们的健康有害 4.diet n. 日常事务;规定饮食(为健康或减肥等目的)vi.照医生的规定饮食 go/be on a diet 节食 【活学活用】 (1)It is important to .拥有健康而均衡的饮食很重要 (2)No sugar in my coffee,please; .请不要给我的咖啡放糖,我在节食 5.head n.头,头脑,领袖 v.(to go towards)朝...前进 head for/towards/south/back to... 向(某处)行进/朝...去/朝南/回..... 【相关拓展】 在平时阅读时经常遇到名词转化为动词的情况,常见的名词可以转化为动词的有: mother n. 母亲→v.溺爱;像母亲般地照顾 book n. 书→v.预定 eye n. 眼睛→v.看,注视 father n. 父亲→v.像父亲般地照顾 house n. 房子→v.提供住处 nurse n. 护士→v.照料 sound n. 声音→v.听起来 taste n. 味道→v.品尝 【活学活用】 (1)You’ll have to (预定)early if you want to see that fashion show. (2)She (朝...走去)for the door. (3)They (盯着)every change in the stock market. (4)He was a disturbed child who needed (溺爱). Ⅴ.短语学习 1.pick up 捡起,举起;(用车)去接/取;让某人搭车(船等);救起;(偶然)获得,学 得;顺便买;收听;改良,改善 pick up bad habits 染上陋习 pick out 选出,辨认出 【活学活用】 (1)He the information in a most unexpected place. 他在一个非常令人意想不到的地方得到了那个消息 (2)Can you your brother in the crowd?你能在人群中找出你的兄弟吗? 2.think of 想出;响起;考虑;想象 (1)think highly/ a lot of 对...评价很高 think little/badly/poorly of / not think much of 对...评价不高 think of ... as 把...看作 (2)think about 考虑 think sth.over 仔细考虑;慎重思考 【温馨提示】 think of/about 属于“动词+介词”构成的动词短语,宾语直接放于其后;而 think over 则为 “动词+副词” 结构, 名词作宾语防于 over 之前或之后都可以, 但代词作宾语必须放于 think 和 over 之间。如:

He is always thinking about money.他总是在考虑钱的事情 You can think it over and let me know your decision tomorrow. 你可以好好考虑一下,明天告诉我你的决定 【经典句式】 What do you think of...? = How do you find/like ...? 你认为......怎么样? 【活学活用】 (1)His work by the critics.他的作品受到批评家的好评 (2)I want you to your home.我想让你把这看成自己家 (3) before you make the decision.做决定之前好好考虑下 3.pay for (to give money for)付钱; (to suffer or be punished for sth. you have done wrong)付出代价 pay off 还清;成功,奏效 pay back 偿还,报复 pay one’s way 自食其力 pay sb. a visit /pay a visit to sb. 拜访某人 【活学活用】 (1) I’ll certainly for what you did to me!你那样对我,我一定会报复你的 (2) I’ll make him his rudeness! 我要让他为他的粗鲁尝尝苦头! (3) His efforts .他的努力终于有了回报 Ⅵ.句型学习 1.as 作为连词,可以引导多种从句,有不同的含义。as 可以表示“当...时”,引导时间状 语从句。as 可以表示“按照...(方式)”,引导方式状语从句。as 可以表示“正如,就像”, 引导非限制性定语从句。另外 as 还有其他的意义。 如: As time went by, her love for him grew. (as 表“随着”,引导时间状语从句) As it is raining,let’s go by taxi.(as 表“由于”,引导原因状语从句) Child as he is, he can carry the heavy box.(as 表“尽管”,引导让步状语从句) 2.Go to bed now or you will be really tired tomorrow. 句型公式 祈使句+and/or+主语+will do sth. 【句式点播】 祈使句表达的含义相当于一个 if 引导的条件句。and 或 or 后的句子用 will,表示将来 【温馨提示】 该句型的祈使句部分有时会退化成名词短语,增加学生对该句型的辨认难度。如: One more word and I will knock you flat. 【活学活用】 (1) you will get really fit.多锻炼身体,你就会变得很健康 (2) you will put on weight easily. 小心你的饮食,否则你会容易变胖

课后习题 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The children are (不健康的)because they don’t have enough to eat. 2.To keep healthy, we must have a healthy l . 3.Teaching him Greek was a (痛苦的)process. 4.He went out to b fresh air. 5.R do I catch a cold in winter. Ⅱ.选词填空 would rather, be crazy about, pick up, take exercise 1. is a good way to keep fit. 2. Tom has football since he was a boy 3. My wife is going to me in half an hour. 4. The problem is whether the poor have the money private health insurance. 5. I be laughed at than quarrel with him. Ⅲ.单项填空 1.--Do you know if Linda is willing to take charge of the program? -,does it? A.It takes no time B.It counts for nothing C.It doesn’t hurt to ask D.It doesn’t make sense 2.Amy joined a painting group but didn’t seem to ,so she left. A.show off B.go up C.fit in D.come over 3.Her shoes her dress; they look very well together. A.suit B.fit C.compare D.match 4.John received an invitation to dinner,and with his work ,he gladly accepted it. A.finished B.finishing C.having finished D.was finished 5.--How was the televised debate last night? -- Super! Rarely so much media attention. A.a debate attracted B.did a debate attract C.a debate did attract D.attracted debate 6.These years, his father his sick old grandfather. A.nurses B.is nursing C.has been nursing D. nursed 7.She Japanese when she was in Japan.Now she can speak it freely. A picked out B.made out C.made up D.picked up 8.The TV series is . I’ve never seen such a better one before. A thought little of B.thought highly of C.thought little D.thought highly 9.The newly built hall can a thousand people A.seat B.sit C.take D.have 10.Don’t be discouraged. things as they are and you will enjoy every day of your life. A.Taking B.To take C. Take D.Taken


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