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必修 3

unit 1

Festivals and celebrations 1 (hold) everywhere since

Festivals and celebrations of all kinds

ancient times. Most ancient festivals woul

d celebrate 2 end of cold weather, planting 3 spring and harvest in autumn. Sometimes 4

( celebrate) would be held after hunters had caught animals. At that time people would starve 5 food was difficult 6 (find), especially

during the cold winter months. Today’s festivals have many origins , some religious, some seasonal, Festivals of the Dead Some festivals are held ancestors, 10 8 (honour )the dead or to 11 9 (satisfied) the 7 some for special people or events.

might return

to help or to do harm. For the

Japanese festival Obon, people should go to clean graves and light incense 12 (纪念)their ancestors. They also light 13 (lamp) and

play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth. In Mexico, people celebrate the Day of the Dead 14 early

November. On this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes 15 ”bones” on them. They offer food, flowers and gifts 17 origin in old

16 the dead. The Western holiday Halloween also had

18 (belive)about the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a 19 (children) festival, 20 they can dress up and go to their

neighbours’homes to ask for sweets. If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.

Festivals to Honour People Festivals can also 1 (hold) to honour famous people .The Dragon 2 (honor) 3 famous ancient poet, Qu Yuan. 4 (arrive) of

Boat Festival in China

In the USA Columbus Day is in memory of the

Christopher Columbus in New World. India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi, the leader India’s 6 ( independent) from Britain. Harvest Festivals Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events. People are grateful 7 their food is gathered for the winter and the agricultural 5 helped gain

work is over. In European countries,people will usually decorate churches and town halls 8 flowers and fruit,and will get together to have meals. Some people might win awards 9 their farm produce, like the 10

(big) watermelon or the most handsome rooster. China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes. Spring Festivals The most 1 (energy)and important festivals are the 2 that look

forward 3 the end of winter and to the

4 (come) of spring. At the

Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may give children lucky money in red paper. There 5 dragon dances and carnivals, and families celebrate the Lunar New Year together. Some

Western countries have very 6 (excite) carnivals,


take place

forty days before Easter, usually in February. These carnivals might include parades, dancing in the streets day and night, loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds. Easter is 8 important religious and

social festival for Christians around the world. It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life. Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later. The country, 9

(cover)with cherry tree flowers, looks as thought it is covered with pink snow. People love to get together to eat , drink and have fun with each other. Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud work for a little while. 10 our customs and forget our


1.have been held





6.to find

7.and 8.to honor 9. satisfy 10.who 11.either 12. in memory of 13.lamps 14.in 15.with 16.to 17. its 18.beliefs 19

children’s 20.when 1. be held independence 1.energetic 7.which 8.an 2. honors 3. the 4. arrival 5. who /that 6.

7.because 8.with 9. for 10. biggest 2.ones 3.to 4.coming 5.are 6.exciting

9.covered 10. of


必修 3 UNIT2 COME AND EAT HERE (1) Wang Peng sat in his empty restaurant 1 (feel) very

frustrated. It had been a very strange morning. Usually he got up early and prepared his menu of 2 (barbecue )mutton kebabs, roast pork,

stir-flied vegetables and fried rice. Then by lunchtime they would all be sold. By now his restaurant ought to Why was that? What could 4 3 full of people. But not today!

happened? He thought of his mutton,

beef and bacon cooked in the hottest, finest oil. His cola was sugary and cold, and his ice cream was made of milk, cream and delicious fruit. "Nothing could be 5 (good)," he thought. Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang 6 (hurry) by. "Hello, Lao Li," he called. "Your usual?" But 7 to hear. What was the matter? Something

Li Chang seemed

terrible must have happened if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant 8 he always did.

Wang Peng followed Li Chang into a new small restaurant. He saw a sign in the window. 9 (tire)of all that fat? Want to lose weight? Come inside Yong Hui’s slimming restaurant. Only slimming foods served here. Make yourself thin again! Curiosity drove Wang Peng inside. It was full of people. The

hostess, a very thin lady, came forward. "Welcome," she said. "My name is Yong Hui. I'll help you lose weight and be fit in two weeks if you eat here every day." Then she gave a menu to Wang Peng. There 10 few choices of food and drink on it: just rice, raw vegetables 11 (serve) in

vinegar, fruit and water. Wang Peng was amazed at this and especially at the prices. It cost more than a good meal in his restaurant! He could not believe his eyes. He threw down the menu and hurried outside. On his way home he thought about his own menu. Did it make people fat? Perhaps he should go to the library and find out. He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! He had better do some research! At the library Wang Peng was surprised to find that his restaurant served far too much fat and Yong Hui’s far too little. Even though her customers might get thin after 12 (eat) Yong Hui’s food, they were not

eating enough energy-giving food to keep them fit. They would become tired very quickly. Wang Peng felt more hopeful as he drove back home. Perhaps with a discount and a new sign he could win his customers back. So he wrote: Want to feel fit and 13 ( energy) ?

Come and eat here! Discounts today! Our food gives you energy all day! The 14 (compete) between the two restaurants was on!

COME AND EAT HERE(2) A week 15 (late), Wang Peng' s restaurant was nearly full and

he felt happier. Perhaps he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. He did not look forward to 16 (be)

in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. He smiled as he welcomed some customers warmly at the door but the smile left his face when he saw Yong Hui walking in. She did not look happy but glared 17 him. " May I ask 18 you were doing in my restaurant the other

day? I thought you were a new customer and now I know that you only came to spy on me and my menu," she shouted. “Please excuse me," he calmly explained," I wanted to know last week. I followed one of 19 all my customers had gone

20 and found them in your restaurant. I 21 limited that I

don' t want to upset you, but I found your menu

stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food. Why don' t you sit down and try a meal?" Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying dumplings and breast of chicken cooked with garlic. When they were served the ice cream,Yong Hui began to look ill. "I feel sick with all this fat and heavy food,"she said,"I miss my vegetables and fruit. "Wang Peng was enjoying 22 second plate of dumplings so he sighed. " Yes," he

added," and I would miss my dumplings and fatty pork. Don't you get

tired quickly?" "Well, I do have to rest a lot," admitted Yong Hui. "But don't you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner? I’m sure you ' d feel much healthier. " They began to talk about menus and 23 (balance )diets. " 24 mine offers a

According to my research, neither your restaurant

balanced diet," explained Wang Peng. “I don' t offer enough fibre and you don' t offer enough body-building and energy-giving food. Perhaps we ought to combine our ideas and provide a balanced menu with food full of energy and fibre. " So that is 25 they did. They served raw

vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than frying them. They served fresh fruit with the ice cream. In this way they cut 26

the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. Their balanced diets became27 a success that before long Wang Peng became slimmer and Yong

Hui put on more weight. After some time the two found that their business cooperation had turned into a personal one. Finally they got 28 ( marry ) and lived happily ever after!

1. feeling 7. not

2.barbecued 3.be 4.have 5.better 6.hurrying 8.as 9.tired 10.were 11. served 12. eating 13.energetic 15. later 22.a 16.being 17.at 24.nor 18.what 19.where 25.what 26.down

14. competition 20. them 21.so


27. such 28.married

必修 3 Unit 4 HOW LIFE BEGAN ON THE EARTH No one knows exactly 1 the earth began, as it happened

so long ago. However, according to a widely 2 (accept) theory, the universe began with a "Big Bang" that threw matter 3 all

directions.After that, atoms began to form and combine to create stars and 4 bodies. For several billion years after the "Big Bang", the earth was still just a cloud of dust. 5 it was to become was uncertain until

between 4.5 and 3.8 billion years ago when the dust settled into a solid globe. The earth became 6 violent that 7 was not clear

whether the shape would last or not. It exploded loudly with fire and rock. They were in time to produce carbon, nitrogen, water vapour and other gases, 8 were to make the earth's atmosphere. What is even more

important is that as the earth cooled down, water began to appear on its surface. Water had also appeared on other planets like Mars but, unlike the earth, it had disappeared later. It was not immediately obvious that water was to be fundamental to the 9 (develop) of life. What many 10 (present) of water

scientists believe is that the continued allowed the earth 11

(dissolve) harmful gases and acids into the

oceans and seas. This produced a chain reaction, which made it possible

for life to develop. Many millions of years later, the first extremely small plants began to appear on the surface of the water. They multiplied and filled the oceans and seas 12 oxygen, 13 encouraged the later

development of early shellfish and all sorts of fish. Next, green plants began to grow on land. They were 14 (follow) in time by land animals. Some were insects. Others, called amphibians, were able to live on land as well 15 in the water. Later when the plants grew into the first time. They produced young

forests, reptiles appeared 16 generally by 17

(lay ) eggs. After that, some huge animals, called

dinosaurs, developed. They laid eggs too and existed on the earth for more than 140 million years. However, 65 million years ago the age of the dinosaurs ended. 18 they suddenly disappeared still remains a

mystery. This disappearance made possible the rise of mammals on the earth. These animals were different from all life forms in the past, because they gave birth to feed them. Finally about 2.6 million years ago some small clever animals, now 20 hands and feet, appeared and spread all over the earth. Thus they have, in their turn, become the most important animals on the planet. But they are 21 looking after the earth very well. They are putting 22 19 young baby animals and produced milk

too much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which prevents heat

escaping from the earth into space. As a result 23 believe the earth may become 24

this, many scientists

hot to live on. So whether life will 25

continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend whether this problem can be solved. A VISIT TO THE MOON

Last month I was 1 (luck) enough to have a chance to make a trip into space with my friend Li Yanping , 2 astronomer. We visited the moon in our spaceship! Before we left, Li Yanping explained to me that the force of gravity would change three times on our journey and 3 the first

change would be the most powerful. Then we were off. As the rocket rose into the air, we were 4 (push) back into our seats because we 5 hard

were trying to escape the pull of the earth's gravity. It was that we could not say anything to each other. 6

(Gradual) the 7

weight lessened and I was able to talk to him. "Why is the spaceship

falling back to the earth? On the earth if I fall from a tree I will fall to the ground." I asked. "We are too far from the earth now to feel its pull," he explained, "so we feel as if there is no gravity at all. When we get closer to the moon, we shall feel its gravity 9 8 (pull) us, but it will not be

strong a pull as the earth's." I cheered up immediately and floated 10 watch) the earth

weightlessly around in our spaceship cabin become smaller and the moon larger.

When we got there, I wanted to explore immediately. "Come on," I said. "If you are right, my mass will be 11 (little ) than on the

earth because the moon is smaller and I will be able to move more freely. I might even grow taller 12 I stay here long enough. I shall certainly

weigh less!" I laughed and climbed down the steps from the spaceship. But when I tried to step forward, I found I was carried twice as far as on the earth and 13 (fall ) over. "Oh dear," I cried, "walking 14

need a bit of practice now that gravity has changed." After a while I got the hang of it and we began to enjoy 15 .

16 (Leave) the moon's gravity was not as painful as leaving the earth's. But returning to the earth was very 17 watched, amazed as fire broke (frighten). We

18 on the outside of the spaceship as

the earth's gravity increased. Again we were pushed hard into our seats as we came back to land. "That was very exhausting but very exciting too," I said. "Now I know much more 19 gravity! Do you think we could 20 star would

visit some stars next time?" "Of course," he smiled, " you like to go to?"

1.how 2. accepted 3. in 4.other 5.what 6.so 7.it 8.which 9.development 10. presence 11. to dissolve 12.with 13.which 14.followed 15.as 16. for 17.laying 18.why 19.to 20. with 21. not 22.from 23.of 24.too 25.on 1. lucky 2. an 3.that 4.pushed 5.so 6.gradually 7.not 8. pulling 9. as 10.watching 11.less 12.if 13.fell 14.does 15.ourselves 16. leaving 17.frightening 18.out 19.about 20. which


必修 3 Unit 5 A TRIP ON "THE TRUE NORTH" Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada 1 (visit)

their cousins in Montreal on the Atlantic coast. Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada. The thought whole continent was exciting. Their friend, Danny Lin, was waiting at the airport. He was going to take 3 and their baggage to catch "The True North", the cross-Canada train. 4 the way to the station, he 5 (chat)about their trip. "You're going to see some great scenery. 6 (go)eastward, you'll pass 2 they could cross the

mountains and thousands of lakes and forests, as well as wide rivers and large cities. Some people have the idea that you can cross Canada in less 7 five days, but they forget the fact that Canada is 5,500 kilometres from coast to coast. Here in Vancouver, you're in Canada's warmest part. People say it is Canada's most beautiful city, 8 (surround) by

mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Skiing in the Rocky Mountains and sailing in the harbour make Vancouver one of Canada's most popular cities to live 9 . Its population is increasing rapidly. The north coast of

Vancouver has some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world. It is so wet there that the trees are over 90 metres."

10 (extreme) tall, some 11 (measure)

That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats. Earlier that day, when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. Their next stop was Calgary, which is famous 12 the

Calgary Stampede. Cowboys from all over the world come to compete in the Stampede. Many of them have a gift win thousands of dollars in prizes. After two 14 (day) travel, the girls began to realize that Canada is 13 riding wild horses and can

quite empty. At school, they had learned that most Canadians live within a few hundred kilometres of the USA border, and Canada's population is only slightly over thirty million, but now they were amazed to see such 15 empty country. They went through a wheat-growing province and saw farms that covered thousands of acres. After dinner, they were back in an urban area, the busy port city of Thunder Bay at the top of the Great Lakes. The girls were surprised at the fact 16 ocean ships can sail up

the Great Lakes. Because of the Great Lakes, they learned, Canada has more fresh water than any 17 country in the world. In fact, it has one-third of the world's total fresh water, and much of it is in the Great Lakes. That night as they slept, the train rushed across the top of Lake Superior, through the great forests and southward towards Toronto.


“THE TURE NORTH”FROM TORONTO TO MONTREAL The next morning the bushes and maple trees outside their windows were red, gold and orange, and there was frost on the ground, 18 (confirm )that fall had arrived in Canada. Around noon they arrived in Toronto, the biggest and most wealthy city in Canada. They were not leaving 19 Montreal until later,

so they went on a tour of the city. They went up the tall CN Tower and looked across the lake. 20 the distance, they could see the misty cloud

that rose from the great Niagara Falls, which is on the south side of the lake. The water flows into the Niagara River and over the falls on its way to the sea. They saw the 21 (cover) stadium, home of several famous

basketball teams. As they walked north from the harbour area, Li Daiyu said, "Lin Fei, one of my mother's old schoolmates, lives here. I should phone her from a telephone booth." They met Lin Fei around dusk in downtown Chinatown, one of the three in Toronto. Over dinner at a restaurant Pearl, the cousins chatted with Lin Fei, 23 22 (call) The Pink

had moved to Canada

many years earlier. "We can get good Cantonese food here," Lin Fei told them, "because most of the Chinese people here come from South China, especially Hong Kong. It's too bad you can't go as far as Ottawa, Canada's capital. It's approximately four hundred kilometres northeast of

Toronto, so it would take too long." The train left late that night and arrived in Montreal at dawn the next morning. At the station, people everywhere were speaking French. There were signs and ads in French, but some of them had English words 24 smaller letters. "We don't leave until this evening," said Liu Qian. "Let's go downtown. Old Montreal is close to the water." They spent the afternoon in lovely shops and 25 (visit) artists in their workplaces

beside the water. As they sat in a buffet restaurant looking over the broad St Lawrence River, a young man sat down with them. "Hello, my name is Henri. I'm a student at the university nearby," he said, "and I was wondering 26 you are from." The girls told him

they were on a train trip across Canada and that they had only one day in Montreal. "That's too bad," he said. "Montreal is a city restaurants and clubs. Most of us speak 27 wonderful

28 English and French, but

the city has French culture and traditions. We love good coffee, good bread and good music." That night as the train was speeding along the St Lawrence River toward the Gulf of St Lawrence and down to the 29

(distance)east coast, the cousins dreamed of French restaurants and red maple 30 (leaf). 1.to visit 2.that 9.in 3.them 4.on 5.chatted 6.going 7.than



11. measuring 12.for 13. for

14.days’ 15.an 16.that 17. other 18.confirming 19. for 20.in 21.covered 22.called 23.who 24. in 25.visiting 26.where 27.with

28.both 29. distant 30.leaves




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