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2015届英语一轮课件:必修三 Module5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China(共57张PPT)


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·必考话题15 [写 作 必 备 ] 基础词汇 1.windy adj. 2.rainy adj. 有风的 下雨的

天气

3.foggy adj.
4.changeable adj. 5.freezing adj. 6.forecast v.&n

. 7.umbrella n.

有雾的
易变的 极冷的 预报 伞
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8.sunny adj.

睛朗的

9.cloudy adj.
10.be likely to 11.global warming 12.in general 13.be opposed to

多云的
很可能 全球变暖 总的说来 反对

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提分句型

1.It had snowed for three days,making it hard to go out.大
雪已经下了三天,出门都很困难。 2. Strangely , it snows more hea vily in Wuhan than in Beijing this year. 很奇怪,今年武汉下的雪比北京还大。

3.In the morning,it was noticed that the sky was cloudless;
but in the afternoon,it suddenly started to rain heavily. 早上还发现天是晴朗无云的,但是到了下午,就突然下 起了大雨。
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[ 美 文 赏 析] 素材示例 (2014· 皖南八校联考)2012年3月5日,你所在的城市下

了一场百年以来最大的暴风雪。大雪持续下了一天。暴风雪给人 们的生产和生活带来了巨大的影响。请根据下面的提示记述这件 事:(1)早晨外面大雪纷飞;(2)许多车辆被困在路上;(3)市政府 号召全市军民参与除雪活动;(4)最后写出你的感受。

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佳作播报 A Snowstorm On March 5th,2012,our city witnessed① a disaster of snowstorm that had never years. happened in the last hundred

The snowstorm lasted for a whole day,greatly affecting
the life of people.Early in the morning it was snowing heavily, and many vehicles were trapped on the roads.Therefore, people were forced to head for their destinations on foot.

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Not only were all the flights cancelled but also many trains
were delayed②. The city government called on all the citizens and soldiers to take an active part in the activities of clearing snow.Besides,the city government took all kinds of urgent measures to rescue the people trapped in the snowstorm to ensure that everything returned to normal as soon as possible. Experiencing such a severe snowstorm,I firmly believe

that united,we are strong;divided,we are weak.

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1.Witness 见证,目击

[模拟]

Our hometown has witnessed great changes in

the few years. 我们家乡最近几年发生了巨大变化。 2.Not only...but also...句型当not only 位于句首时,前一个 句子用部分倒装,后一个句子不用倒装。 [模拟] Not only does she speak English,but she also

knows how to typeit.

她不但会讲英语还会打字呢。
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Ⅰ.核心单词 1. 2. n.秩序 n.职位

3.
4. 5. 6. 7.

vt.强调
vi.辞职 n.公正 n.状况;条件;环境 adj.平等的→ adv.平等地→ n.平等

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8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

n.重要;重要性→ adj.有影响的→ n.诚实→ n.贡献→

adj.重要的 n.& vt.影响 adj.诚实的 vt.贡献 v.争论;辩论

n.争论;辩论;议论→ n.自由→

adj.自由的;空闲的;免费的

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答案

1.order

2.position

3.stress

4.resign

5.justice

6.condition

7.equal ; equally ; equality

8.importance ;

important 9.influential;influence 10.honesty;honest

11.contribution;contribute 12.argument;argue
13.freedom;free

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巧学妙记

1.语境记忆
(1) All men are born treated because , so everyone hopes to be is the basic demand.(equal) £ 5,000 to the earthquake

(2) The writer personally fund. All the

will be gratefully received. (contribute)

(3)Mr. Smith, an

, has

many useful things and
.(invent)

has made much money from his new 答案

(1)equal;equally;equality (2)contributed;

contributions (3)inventor;invented;invention
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2.词汇串记
Jane holds a senior position in a large company and she is equal to every challenge. She always stresses the importance of honesty and justice,which has a great influence on her workmates . She m akes great

contributions to the development of the company. We are
shocked to hear that she is going to resign next week because she is out of condition.

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Ⅱ.重点短语

1.与??交战
2.养育;抚养 3.为??自豪 4.become interested in 5.in conclusion

6.for the first time
7.be similar to... 答案 1.be at war with 5.总之 2.bring up 6.第一次 3.be proud of 7.与??相似
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4.对??感兴趣

Ⅲ.经典句式 1.Treat others in the way you want to be treated.

己所不欲,勿施于人。
[句式提炼] the way+that/in which引导的定语从句 [句式仿写] 我不喜欢他说话的方式。 I don't like .

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2.Mencius believed that the reason why man is different
from animals is that man is good. 孟子认为人区别于动物的原因就在于人性本善。 [句式提炼]the reason why...is that...??的原因是?? [句式仿写]他开车这么快的原因是参加一个重要的会议迟 到了。 he was driving so fast was he was late for an

important meeting.

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3.Cars were first used at the end of the nineteenth century, and were no faster than a horse.

人们最早使用汽车是在 19世纪末,而且当时的汽车跑得
并不比马快。 [句式提炼] no+比较级+than同??一样不?? [句式仿写]汤姆履行职责并不比迪克好。 Tom is Dick in performing the duty.

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4.He's just invented a clock that not only tells the time, but also plays a song to wake you up!他刚发明了一个钟表,

它既能看时间,还能唱歌把你叫醒!
[句式提炼]not only...but also... “不但??而且??”, 连接两个并列的成分。 [句式仿写]庞龙不但是一名歌手,而且是一名大学教师。 Pang Long is a university teacher.

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答案

1.the way (that / in which) he speaks 3.no better than

2.The reason

why;that

4.not only a singer but also

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[核 心 单 词 ] equal adj.平等的;同等的;胜任的 n.同等的人;相等物 vt.与??相同或相等 [经典例句]There is an equal number of boys and girls in

the class.这个班男女生人数相等。
be equal to sth/doing sth(in...) (在??方面)与??相等;能胜任,能应付 equal sb/sth in (doing) sth 在(做)某事上比得过,敌得过某人/物

(be) without equal无与伦比
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①After a month's training, he became equal

the work

as a tractor driver.经过一个月的训练后,他能胜任拖拉机

驾驶员的工作了。
②In the class, no one equals him 论力气,班里无人能和他相比。 答案 ①to ②in strength.

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【巧学助记】

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order n.秩序;次序;命令;订单 vt.命令;订购;点菜

[经典例句]Obviously, people in positions of great power
(such as governors) exercise big power, but people who take orders from others have less power.

(2013·陕西·阅读理解C)
显而易见,拥有巨大权力的人(例如总督)行使巨大的权力, 但是听从别人命令的人权力很小。 (1)in order of in order 以??的顺序 整齐,秩序井然;按顺序

out of order
(2)order sb to do sth order+ that-clause

发生故障;混乱
命令某人做某事 命令??
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①It was time she put her life

.

她到了该好好安排自己生活的时候了。 ②The doctor ordered me to take a rest for a month. =The doctor ordered that 指示我要休息一个月。 答案 ①in order ②I (should) take a rest for a month.医生

名师点睛 order在表示“命令”,后接同位语从句和宾语从

句时,从句使用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形。

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contribution n. 贡献;捐款;稿件

[经典例句]Many people around the world admire China
for its great contributions to world peace.世界各地的许多 人钦佩中国对世界和平所做的巨大贡献。 (1)make contributions/a contribution to... 对??作出贡献

(2)contribute vt.& vi.
捐献;贡献;导致;投稿 contribute (sth) to... (把??)贡献给??; (向??)捐款;投稿 contribute to... 促成;有助于
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①Participating in the contest will be a golden chance for me to show my dancing skills and the class. (2012·上海·书面表达)

参加比赛对我来说是个难得的好机会,它让我展示舞蹈技
艺,并对班级做出贡献。 ②The achievement of a particular goal makes you feel good and your confidence. (2013·重庆·完形填空B)

一个特定的目标的实现,使你感觉良好并有助于增强你的 信心。 答案 ①make some contributions to ②contributes to
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【巧学助记】

Many people contributed money to the Hope Project, which contributed to many children returning to school. A teacher

wrote an article about this and contributed it to a newspaper.
许多人给希望工程捐钱,使许多孩子重返校园。一位老师据 此写了一篇文章并向报社投了稿。
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condition n.状况;条件;环境(复数) [经典例句]In some experts' opinion, living conditions on

the Mars are very hard to tolerate and the volunteers have
to face the freezing cold climate, loneliness and fear. (2013·广东·基础写作) 在一些专家的眼中,火星上的生活条件非常艰苦难以忍受, 志愿者必须要面对严寒、孤独和恐惧。

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on condition that on no condition

在??条件下,倘若 决不,一点也不

in good/excellent condition
out of condition

身体(极)好,健康
身体不适

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①You can go out
才能出去。 ②

you wear an overcoat.你要穿上外衣

should we give in to difficulty at any time.任何时候我 们都不应该向困难屈服。

答案

①on condition that

②On no condition

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名师点睛 (1)condition表示“环境”时,常用复数形式;表 示“状况”时,是不可数名词;表示“条件”时,是可数名 词。

(2)on no condition位于句首时,句子要用部分倒装,即把助
动词、情态动词等放在主语之前。

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[集 训 中 心 ]

Ⅰ.单词拼写
1.After a long period of a agreement about the problems. ,we finally reached an

2.It is of great i
language. 3.He decided to r

for college students to master a foreign
and give up the position as manager that he kept (贡献)to the space

because of poor health. 4.He was allowed to go swimming on c

near the other boys.
5.The three spacemen made great development program.
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6.Now women can enjoy

(平等的)rights in our society. (正义)in this

7.Sometimes I wonder if there is any world.

8. They believe that
答案 1.argument

(诚实) is the best policy.
2.importance 3.resign 4.condition

5.contributions 6.equal

7.justice 8.honesty

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Ⅱ.单项填空

1.(2014· 南充二诊)—May I borrow your book Steve Jobs?
— you return it before Friday. B.The moment D.Now that

A.If only C.On condition that 答案 C

[ 考查省略与状语从句。 if only “ 但愿,要

是??就好了”,the moment“一??就”,on
condition that“只是,条件是”,now that“既然”。答 语补充完整应为“You can borrow my book Steve Jobs you return it before Friday.” 。根据句意可知,应用 “On condition that”来引导此条件状语从句。]
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2.(2014·山东省十二校高三联考)Most of the people present at the meeting think poorly of the proposal, which they

think will
A.adapt to

the worsening of the environment.
B.refer to D.contribute to

C.subscribe to 答案 D

[ 考查动词短语辨析。句意:大多数与会者都

不看好这一提议,他们认为它会导致环境的恶化。

contribute to“导致,是??的原因之一”,符合句意。]

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[核 心 短 语 ]

be at war (with...)(与??)交战
[ 经典例句 ]Germany was at war with almost all the countries in Europe. 德国当时几乎同欧洲所有国家处于交战状态。

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①-What do you do ——你上班干些什么?



-I answer telephones and do some typing.
——我接电话和打字。 ②The children were while their parents were .

孩子们在做游戏,而他们的父母在吃晚饭。 答案 ①at work ②at play;at dinner

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bring up 抚养;养育;提出;呕吐 [经典例句]All children should be brought up to respect their parents and teachers. 应该教育所有的儿童尊敬父母和老师。

bring about
bring down bring in bring out

引起,导致
减少,降低 引进;赚得 使显现;阐明

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①The sale of the car only

about $1,000.

卖出这辆车只赚了约1 000美元。
②Information technology many changes in our life.

信息技术给我们的生活带来了很多变化。 答案 ①brought in ②has brought about

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[集 训 中 心 ]

Ⅰ.选词填空
bring up ; for the first time ; in conclusion ; be proud of; at war 1.It was there that they met . .

2.Yao Ming is a man whom the Chinese can

3.He was ill and

his dinner.
with

4.How long do you think the two countries will be

each other?

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5.I am interested in the book and it is about the subject I like. ,I'd like to take it.

答案

1.for the first time 2.be proud of
5.In conclusion

3.brought up

4.at war

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Because the two countries were at war, the people

had

hard life.
B.the; the D.a; a

A.不填; the C.不填; a 答案 C

[考查冠词用法。be at war“处于战争状态”;

have a/an ...life“过着??生活”。 ]

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2.(2011·福建卷)Born into a family with three brothers,
David was A.brought up C.looked after 答案 A to value the sense of sharing. B.turned down D.held back

[ 考查动词短语辨析。句意:出生于一个三兄

弟之家,大卫被教育要重视分享的意义。bring up教育,
抚养,呕吐;turn down调低,关小,拒绝;look after照 顾;hold back阻止,抑制,隐瞒。由句意知选A。]

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[核 心 句 型 ]
Cars were first used at the end of the nineteenth century, and were no faster than a horse. 人们最早使用汽车是在19世纪末,而且当时的汽车跑得并 不比马快。 no+比较级+than表示“并不比??”(两者都不??)。 ①This novel is no more interesting than that one.

=Neither this novel nor that one is interesting.
这本小说并不比那本有趣多少。

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no more than more...than...

仅仅;只不过 与其说??倒不如说??

not more than
not more...than... more than

不超过
没有??那样??

多于,超过;不仅仅;非常,很;超出

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②He was so poor that he had 剩下10美元了。

ten dollars left.他穷得只

③The boy was

frightened

hurt.

这个男孩与其说受伤不如说是害怕。 答案 ②no more than ③more;than

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He's just invented a clock that not only tells the time, but

also plays a song to wake you up! 他刚发明了一个钟表,
它既能看时间,还能唱歌把你叫醒! 句中not only...but (also)...“不仅??,而且??”,连接 并列句。

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(1)not only...but also...连接两个对称的并列成分,既可以连 接单词,也可以连接句子。连接两个并列成分时,可以省

略also。
(2)not only...but also...连接两个分句,并且not only位于句首 时,第一个分句要部分倒装。 (3)not only... but also...连接两个主语时,谓语动词要和与其 最近的主语保持人称和数的一致(即就近原则)。

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①They speak English not only in class but (also) in the dormitory. 他们不仅在课堂上说英语,在宿舍也说。



the professors have their own ideas on the matter, but the
students have theirs, too. 对这件事不仅教授们有自己的看法,学生们也有自己的想法。

③Not only the students but also the teacher 不仅学生们,连老师也反对这个计划。

against the plan.

答案

②Not only do

③is/was

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[集 训 中 心 ]

Ⅰ.句型转换
1.Neither she nor he is careful. →She is he is.

2.The teacher was invited to attend the meeting, so were the students.


答案

were invited to attend the meeting.
1.no more careful than

2.Not only the teacher but also the students

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Ⅱ.单项填空

1.(原创)Not only

the enemy of the people of Xinjiang

and China, but also the common enemy of human beings. A.is terrorism C.terrorism are 答案 A B.terrorism is D.are terrorism

[句意: 恐怖主义不仅是新疆和中国人民的敌

人,而且是人类共同的敌人。 not only...but also...“不
但??而且??”,not only 臵于句首时,not only后的 分句要倒装。terrorism作主语,谓语动词用单数。]
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2.—Do you need any help, Lucy?

—Yes. The job is
A.less than C.no more than 答案 B

I could do myself.
B.more than D.not more than

[ 答话人同意接受对方的帮助,由此可知,这

项工作超出了答话人的能力范围。more than“超过,多

于”,符合题意。less than“少于”,no more than“不
过,仅仅”,not more than“至多,不超过”,均不符 合题意。故答案为B。]
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Ⅲ.单句改错 1.His father ordered that he keeps a diary in English. .

2.Not only I but also Tom am fond of watching TV.
答案 1.keeps→keep 2.am→is

.

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[单 元 语 法 ]
定语从句 1.(2014·广安一诊)The girl arranged to have piano lessons at the training centre with her sister hour. she would stay for an

A.where B.who C.which D.what
答案 A [句意:小女孩打算和她姐姐在培训中心上钢琴课,

在那里她要学习一个小时。先行词是the training centre, 表 示地点的名词, 且从句中缺少状语, 故用关系副词where。 who 引导定语从句时先行词须是表示人的名词, which 在从

句中不作状语; what 不能引导定语从句。]
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2.(2014·南昌模拟)A lot of lovers chose to get married on Dec. 12, 2012, match. A.that B.on which the date, the month and the year

C.in which
答案 B

D.which

[ 考查定语从句。句意:很多恋人选择在 2012

年 12 月 12 日这一天结婚,这是因为在这一天日期、月份 与年份都一样。因为从句缺少时间状语,所以应用which 指代先行词;当先行词是某个时期,且年月日完整时, 介词应该用on。故选B。]
基础知识通关 考点归纳拓展

3.(2014·宝鸡模拟)The course about Chinese food attracts
over 100 students per year, overseas. A.in which C.with which 答案 D B.for whom D.of whom up to half are from

[ 考查非限制性定语从句。句意:这门关于中

国饮食的课程每年都吸引100多个学生,其中一半是留学

生。 of 表示 “?? 的一部分 ” ,关系代词 whom 指代 100
students,在从句中作介词of的宾语。]

基础知识通关

考点归纳拓展

4.Children who are not active or

diet is high in fat will

gain weight quickly.
A.what B.whose C.which D.that 答案 B [在该句中diet和先行词children之间是所属关

系,即所选的词在定语从句中作定语。 whose 引导定语 从句并且作定语;which/ that引导定语从句并且作主语或

宾语;what不能引导定语从句。]

基础知识通关

考点归纳拓展


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