The Great Sports Personality
自主学习· 对知识面的辐射要 宽
background n． 1.___________ guarantee vt. 2.__________ purchase 3._________ symbol n. 5._______ score v. 6._____ final n. 7.____ quality n. 8._______
victory n. 9._______
背景 保证 购买 具体的，特定的 符号 得分 决赛 特性；品德；品性 胜利
specific adj. 4.________
protest vi. 10._______ tough adj. 11.______
12.retire vi.退休→__________ retirement n．退休 performer n． performance 13.perform vi.表现→_________ 执行者； 表演者→____________ n．表现；表演
championship n．冠军地位；锦标赛 14.champion n．冠军→_____________ declaration n．宣言；声明 15.declare vt.宣布→___________ design v．& n．设计 16.designer n．设计师→_______ disadvantage (反义词) n．劣势， 17.advantage n．优势；长处→____________ weakness n．缺点；弱点 不利条件→_________ competitive compete vi.竞争→___________ 18.competitor n．竞争者；对手→________ competition n．竞赛；比赛 adj.竞争的→___________
用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Under their law it was possible to divorce by simple declaration __________ (declare)．
retiring next year, so he is asking Mr. Smith, a _______ 2.Tom is _______ retired
doctor, who is 80 years old, for some advice on how to spend the
retirement life.(retire) __________
3.Some young athletes who took part in the 2014 Nanjing Youth
performed well and they hoped to improve their Olympics __________ performance a lot after the event.(perform) ____________
advantage of cycling to work is that we can live a 4.The __________
lowcarbon life while the disadvantage ____________ is that it wastes time. (advantage)
competing for the gold medal. The result of 5.The two athletes are __________ competition is hard to predict because the two ___________ competitors the ___________
competitive . (compete) are both excellent and ___________
champion who won world table tennis 6.He was the only __________ championship five times.(champion) _____________
? ?strength ①? ? ?weakness ? ?virtue ②? ? ?shortcoming ? ?advantage ③? ? ?disadvantage
优势 劣势 优点 缺点 优势 劣势
2.per开头单词大团圆 ①perform vi. ②permanent adj. ③personal adj. ④personnel n. ⑤perfect adj. ⑥permit vt. ⑦persuade vt. 表现 永久的 个人的 职员 完美的 允许 说服
3.盘点后缀or表示人的名词 ①operator ②inventor ③conductor ④translator ⑤editor ⑥sailor ⑦competitor ⑧director ⑨governor 操作员 发明者 售票员 翻译家 编辑 水手 竞争者 指挥；导演 政府官员
on the increase 1.______________
have an advantage over 2.______________________
正在增加 比??有优势 偶然 投票选举 同??竞争 由某人决定 站起身 捡起，拾起；扶起
by chance 3._________ vote for 4.________ compete with 5.____________ up to sb. 6._________
rise to one's feet 7._______________
pick up 8.________
according to 9.____________ make a list of 10.____________ of all time 11._________ step out 12.________
根据；依据 拟写一份名单 有史以来 走出去
选用左栏短语填空 1.—When shall we go to see our teacher？
up to you. Any time is OK for me. —It's _____
on the increase which makes 2.To our great delight, our pay is ______________,
it possible for us to buy a house.
rose to their feet and went out, applauding the 3.The guests _______________
vote for her. 4.I want to know what she stands for before I _______ stepped out in front of the car, leading 5.Two of his friends once ___________
the way. 6.Michael Jordan is one of the greatest basketball players
of all time _________.
1.“v.＋for”短语荟萃 ①vote for ②go for ③care for ④seek for ⑤long for ⑥make for ⑦call for ⑧stand for 2.compete 短语小结 ①compete in ②compete for ③compete with/against
投票选举 试图获得 关心；喜欢 寻找；追求 渴望；向往 走向；有助于 要求；需要 代表；支持 参加??比赛；在??方面竞争 为??而竞争 同??竞争
[背原句] [记句式] [会仿用]
1.But even though he had won everything it was possible to win in his sport, Li Ning retired with the feeling that he had failed. 但即使他已经赢得了自己 在体操运动项目上所能赢 得的一切，李宁还是带着 一种失败感退了役。
even 尽管金钱对于生活 though 是必不可少的，但 “即使， 是它买不到幸福。 尽管”， Even though money ___________ 引导让 is necessary to life, it 步状语 can't buy 从句。 happiness.
[背原句] 2.But it was this sense
of failure that made
him determined to succeed in his new life. 但正是这种失败感使 他决心在新的生活中 取得成功。
“It is/was＋ 被强调部分＋ that/who ...” 为强调句型。
电话找你。 It was while you ______ were out _____ that a young man rang up asking for you.
3.If you go into a school or university anywhere, the chances are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo. 如果你走进任何一个地 方的中学或大学校园， 都有可能看到身穿印有 那个熟悉标志的李宁运 动服的学生们。
我希望学生们能够 按时赶到，但很有 可能他们会像往常 the chances 一样迟到。 are I hope that the (that) ...“ students will 很可 arrive on time but 能??”。 ______________ the chances are _____ that they will be late as usual.
1．perform vt.& vi.履行，执行；表演，表现；运转
[高考佳句] After that, we'll sing their favourite songs
and perform folk dances.(2015· 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达) 在那之后，我们将会演唱他们最喜爱的歌曲并表演民间 舞蹈。
(1)perform one's duty/promise
perform an experiment/operation 做实验/手术 (2)performance n. 表演，演出；表现； 执行，履行 give/put on a performance performer n. 演出 执行者，表演者，演奏 者，能手
perform your promise that you will finish ①You'd better _____________________
your task on time. 你最好履行你按时完成任务的承诺。
will give/put on a performance at the ②The famous singer ____________________________
Shanghai Gymnasium next month. 这位著名歌手下个月将在上海体育馆演出。
[教材原句] Li Ning's designs were attractive, and they
had a major advantage over their betterknown rivals — they were cheaper. 李宁的服装设计很吸引人，它们有个比竞争对手更显著 的优势——它们更便宜。
(1)take (full) advantage of
gain/win/have an advantage over sb. 比某人有优势；胜过，优于 to one's advantage ＝ to the advantage of sb. 对某人有利 have the advantage of (doing) sth. 有(做)??的有利条件 (2)disadvantage n. 劣势；不利条件
Take full advantage of this opportunity to perform and you ①____________________
over your rivals in the performance. will have an advantage ____
充分利用这次表演的机会，你就会在表演方面胜过你的对手。 ②It might be __ to your advantage to take a computer course of some kind. 学习某种计算机课程可能会对你有利。
3．guarantee vt.保证；担保；为??作担保；使??必然 发生 n．保证(书)；担保(物)；抵押品；保修单
[经典例句] Take this opportunity, and I guarantee you won't regret it.(牛津 P868) 抓住这个机会吧，我保证你不会后悔的。
(1)guarantee to do sth. guarantee sb. sth. ? ? ? guarantee sth. to sb.? ? be guaranteed to do sth. guarantee ... against/from ... (2)give sb. a guarantee under guarantee
保证做某事 保证某人得到某物 肯定会做某事 保证??免遭?? 给某人保证/承诺 在保修期内
give me a guarantee that the work will be ①Can you ___________________
finished on time? 你能向我保证工作会按时完成吗？ ②If you yell at him, he's guaranteed _____ to do (do) the opposite of what you want. 如果你冲他大喊大叫，他肯定会跟你对着干。
[教材原句] The Americans protested and in the end the American runner was declared the winner. 美国人提出了抗议，而最后那位美国选手被宣布获胜。
declare war on/against declare for/against declare sb.to be ... declare ...open/closed declare that ... 向??宣战 表示赞成/反对 宣布某人为?? 宣布……开始/结束 宣布??
declared war on/against ①President Bush said if terrorists _____________________
the United States, war would be what they got. 布什总统说如果恐怖分子向美国宣战， 那么他们得到的就是 战争。
that it would recall the machines ②The company declared ____________
under guarantee. 这个公司宣布会召回那些在保修期内的机器。 [熟词生义] 读句子猜词义
③It is hoped that government officials declare all they have earned in a year, which is thought to be helpful to prevent 申报 corruption. _____
performance was popular with performer whose ____________ 1．The__________,
performed very well on the the audience all the time, ___________
stage this evening.(perform) 2．The athlete came to the point of considering an early
retirement (retire)． __________ championship (champion) in the next game is 3．To win the ______________
certainly a challenging job for her.
designer (design) 4．Johnson is a very successful fashion ________
and many people enjoy reading his thoughts.
against the 5．Crowds of young demonstrators protested _______
increase in students' fees.
with each other 6． Runners from many countries competed _____
____ for the first gold medal in the Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing.
on Germany 7．In September 1939, Britain declared war ___
after Germany invaded Poland. 8．The lion is considered the king of the forest as it is a
of courage and power. symbol ___
Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．advantage 点点练 (1)介、副词填空
over women when hunting ①Men usually have an advantage ____
for jobs. ②With the College Entrance Examination drawing near, you'd better take advantage ___ of your spare time to study.
to your advantage to study abroad. ③It will be ___
(2)句型转换 ④I will make full use of the chance to exchange views with them.
advantage ___ full __________ →I will take ____ ____ of the chance to exchange
views with them. 2．guarantee多棱镜 (1)介词填空
against/from loss in case ①This insurance guarantees you ____________
under ②The car is less than one year old, so it is still ______
(2)句型转换 ③Can you guarantee I will have a job when I get there?
guarantee ___ job when I get there? me __ a ____ →Can you __________
④You have to guarantee that you will finish the work on time.
guarantee ___ to ______ finish the work on time. →You have to __________
____ C ____ D
1．I'm looking forward to seeing you perform. promise. perform well as expected. patient was very satisfied with his performance.
2．The young man is very honest and is sure to perform his 3 ． What made him disappointed was that he didn't 4．The doctor performed the operation quite well and the
1．on the increase/rise 正在增加/长，在增大
The number of young people with money to
spend was on the increase — and sport had never been so popular. 有钱消费的年轻人的数量在增加，而体育运动也变得前所 未有的普及。 (1)increase v．
increase/decrease by increase/decrease to (2)on the decrease/decline 增加；增大；提高(反义词 decrease v．减少，下降) 增长/减少了?? 增加/减少到?? 在减少；在衰退中 ：
①The number of students going abroad for further study is _____________ on the decrease nowadays. 当下去国外继续深造的学生的数量在不断减少。 ②The number of students attending the College Entrance
by 5% than last year. Examination in 2015 has increased ___
2．rise to one's feet站起身
[教材原句] As the leader comes into the stadium to run
the last few metres of the 42kilometre race, the crowd rises to its feet to shout and cheer. 每当领先的运动员进入体育馆来跑完那全程42公里的最 后几米时，全场观众都会站起来为他欢呼雀跃。
jump/leap to one's feet struggle to one's feet stand on one's own feet set foot on/in
跳起来 挣扎着站起来 自立，经济上独立 进入，踏上
jumped to his feet and ran ①At the sight of the police, he ________________
set foot on America, he realized ②As soon as the Chinese boy _________ stand on his own feet . he would___________________
3．If you go into a school or university anywhere, the_chances_are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo. 如果你走进任何一个地方的中学或大学校园，都有可能看 到身穿印有那个熟悉标志的李宁运动服的学生们。 句中含有(the) chances are (that) ...句型，意为“很可
能??”，句型中的the和that都可省略，that引导表语从 句。表达此意时还可用there is a chance that ..., that引导同 位语从句。 there's no chance of doing/to do sth./that ...
不可能?? 有做某事的机会 冒险，碰运气 偶然；碰巧
have a chance of doing/to do sth. take a chance/chances by chance/accident
The chances are (that) we cannot finish the task on time. ①_____________________
很可能我们无法按时完成任务。 ②There is no chance ______ to do (do) business if you insist on that offer. 如果你们坚持那个报价，就不可能做成生意。
Is there any chance that the patient rises to his feet ③______________________
performed (perform) well in ①He was thought to have _______________
the competition. ②—Shall we have red wine or white? —It's up ___ to you. ③Everyone stepped____; out only I was in.
though we all ④Dean refused to join in the game, even _______
did our best to persuade him.
⑤Was it in that park ____ that the children saw the strange green objects?
with ⑥We won't compete _____other athletes in the 100meter
race if we don't spend more time training hard.
up at the ⑦Is there any possibility that you could pick me ___
airport? ⑧It's likely that man will eventually land on Mars.
There ___ is a chance _____ that man will eventually land on →______ __ _______
are ____ Chances ____ that man will eventually land on Mars. →________
performed well ( 表 现 得 好 ) in the Our monitor ①______________
running race and was declared to be the winner not only for his achievement but also for his spirit. In the third lap, he
struggled to his feet (挣扎着站起来) fell down. But he ②__________________
and ran towards the final line. At that moment, all the
rose to their feet (站起来) and cheered for him. students ③_______________
When talking about his success, he said that it was being
have an advantage over mentally tough that made him ④______________________
(比??有优势)the other competitors. In his opinion, years of
guarantee a person's victory (保证一个人 hard training can ⑤_________________________
的成功). He shows great respect for the brave and
(the) chances are (that) (很可能) strongwilled soldiers. So ⑥_____________________
after graduating from high school he will join the army and become a soldier.
Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．increase相关短语全扫描 (1)介、副词填空 ①To our delight, varieties of birds in the forest are ___ on the increase.
by 10% this year. ②The housing price is hoped to decrease ___
③The workers want to decrease the amount of working hours ___ to 7 hours a day.
(2)根据汉语提示完成片段 The number of people who own private cars is
on the increase (在增加) in China. By the end of June of ④______________ had increased to (已增加到) 80 last year, the number ⑤_______________
million. But the number of people who want to buy Japanese
on the decrease (在减少)． cars is ⑥______________
2．foot相关短语万花筒 (1)完成句子 ①我看见两个男孩正同时站起来回答问题。
rising to their feet at the same time to I saw two boys ________________
answer the question. ②那个人费劲地站起来继续向前走去。
struggled to his feet and went on walking The man _________________
foot on their The overseas Chinese are very glad to set _________
(2)句型转换 ④No sooner had the question been put forward than someone stood up to answer it. →No sooner had the question been put forward than someone ____ rose __ to ___ feet to answer it. his ____ ⑤When his parents died he had to learn to be independent.
on ____ stand ___ →When his parents died he had to learn to _____ his own feet ____ ____.
with so experienced a team. 1．We cannot hope to compete _____ increasing (increase) by 30%, our 2．With the production __________
company has made great progress.
protested/should protest (protest) 3．It's high time someone _______________________
against human rights violations. 4．It's obvious that they want to take advantage of __ us, and the
to our advantage. present situation is not __
5．My watch is still ______ under guarantee, so they'll fix it for free. 6 ． The police have declared war on __ drug dealing in the neighborhood. 7．She met an old friend of hers yesterday by __ chance while she was shopping at the department store. 8． In China, as we all know, brides are often dressed in red as it is __ a symbol of good fortune. 9．It's up __ to you to decide whether we buy this set of furniture or not.
if/though 10．Allow the children to voice their opinions, even _________
they are different from yours.
Ⅱ.单句改错 1．Shortly after the accident, two scores policemen were sent to the spot to keep order.
scores→score _____________ me后加a _________
2．Can you give me guarantee that the work will be finished on time？
3．There was a large crowd in the square, protested against protested →protesting the war. ___________________ 4．The new survey shows that the number of students addicted to computer games has been in the increase in recent years.
第一个 in→on ____________
5．It was in the park that the family used to camp that the couple found their child.
第一个that→where __________________ foot→feet _________
6．Bravely, Mary struggled to her foot, and fought against the wind and rain beating against her.
7．A group of young people called “singers” by others will put on performance in our town tonight. performance前加a ________________ 8．We had to recognize that they had many advantages to us 第二个to→over in some aspects. ______________
signed up for the Those days, the number of people who 1 _______________ athletics (报名参加田径运动) was rising. And it's the largest _________
of all time (有史以来). Everyone 3 _____________________ has his own advantages 2 __________
the final champion 最后的 (有自己的优势) and wants to be 4 __________________(
competitive and dramatic (竞 冠军). Actually the contest was 5 ______________________
performed excellently (表现出色) and Fortunately, I 6 ____________________ scored the highest mark (得了最高分) in the final. When 7 ______________________
the host declared that I was the champion, I stood up, walked to the platform for the prize and meanwhile couldn't hold
by chance (偶 back my tears. I don't think I get the prize 8 _________
然地). ①And I do think that my trainer's help and years of hard training ensure my victory. 9
(whatever/wherever/whenever) I think of it, I always feel proud of myself.
on the increase (1)rising→______________ rose to my feet (2)stood up→______________
And I do think that it was my trainer's help and years of __________________________________________________ hard training that ensure my victory. ___________________________________
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