同学们，在第 3、4、5 单元我们分别学习了宾语从句、表语从句、主语从句和同位语从句。 它们都属于名词性从句。现在，我们将从下面几点谈谈名词性从句： 一、相关概念; 二、种类; 三、常见引导词; 四、七大常考考点: 1.that \ what \ which; 2.it 形式 主语、 宾语的用法; 3.语序问题; 4.同位语从句和定从的区别; 5.what
\ whatever… 6.if\whether; 7.虚拟语气问题; 五、相关习题集中练习 一. 相关概念 1. 名词：表示人或事物的名称的词 2. 名词的句法作用：名词在句中主要作主语,宾语,表语和同位语。另外还可以作定语,状语。 3. 名词性从句：在英语的句子结构中，本来该由名词充当的主 语、宾语、表语和同位语， 由一个句子来充当,这个句子就叫:名词性从句。 名词性从句。 二、名词性从句的种类 1. When we will start is not clear. 主语从句 2. Mrs. Black won’t believe that her son has become a thief. 宾语从句 3. My idea is that we should do it right now. 表语从句 4. I had no idea that you were her friend. 同位语从句 三、常见引导词： 常见引导词： 1）从属连词 that 只引导，本身无意义，仅起引导作用。 （引导宾语从句时可省，但是如果是 并列的多个宾语从句，只能省第一个） 2）连接代词 who, whom, what, which, whoever, whatever, whichever 等，有意义，作成分 3）连接副词 where, when, how, why 等，有意义，在句中作状语 4）从属连词 if, whether（是否）(if 只能引导动词、形容词之后的宾语从句) 1. What he said has nothing to do with you. 2. When we’ll start tomorrow will be told soon. 3. That he did such a thing satisfied me. 4. How we can protect cultural relics needs to be discussed. 四、名词性从句七大常考考点 考点 1： ： A. 连接词：that 与 what 的区别 连接词： What we can’t get seems better than what we have. That a new teacher will come to our school is true. that 只起连接作用，无意义，在从句中不充当任何成分; what 既有连接作用，又要在从句中 作成分（主语，宾语，表语）(… 的东西;物;话;时间;地点;人物;数目等不同概念) 1.After five hours’ drive, they reached what was called the hometown of the goddess. 2. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at what was a dangerous speed. 3. The village was quite different from what it used to be. 4. That the earth is round is known to us all. 5. Father made a promise that if I passed the examination he would buy me a computer. 什么) 表选择, B. what (什么 / which (表选择 哪一个 什么 表选择 哪一个) 1. ---Do you know what Mr. Black’s address is?
---He may live at No. 18 or No. 19 of Bridge Street. I’m not sure of which. 2. I read about it in some books or other, does it matter which it was? 高考题选萃 1）____ you don’t like him is none of my business. A. What B. Who C. That D. Whether 2) ____ he said at the meeting astonished everybody present. A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter 3) There’s a feeling in me ___ we’ll never know what a UFO is. A. that B. which C. of which D. what 作形式主语,形式宾语的用法 考点 2 ：it 作形式主语 形式宾语的用法 A. it 作形式主语 1.他犯了那样一个错误真是遗憾。That he made such a mistake is a pity. 可换成 It is a pity that…… 2.他来不来不重要。Whether he will come or not doesn’t matter. 可换成 It doesn’t matter whether…… 常见的主语从句句型有： It is well known / reported / thought / said that… It is clear / necessary / certain / true that… It is a pity / a shame / an honor that… It doesn’t matter whether… It seems that… It happens that… 1. ____is known to all, Taiwan is only part of China. A. As B. That C. Which D. What 2. It is known to all____ Taiwan is only part of China. A. as B. that C. if D. for 3. It was on Sunday ___ I met him. A. that B. when C. what D. which B. it 作形式宾语 (1) make / find / feel / consider / think it + adj. / n + that… / to do… (2) it 指代后面从句所叙述的内容， 常用于这些动词后， like/dislike/love/hate /appreciate/make+it 后常跟 if 或 when 从句 E.g.: I hate it when people laugh at the disabled. (3) depend on it that… 1. I like ___ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright. A. this B. that C. it D. one 2. You may depend on ____ that you parents will help you whenever you need it. A. them B. yourself C. it D. me 考点 3 语序问题 1.The photographs will show you _B___． A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 2. You can hardly imagine __C__when he heard the news. A. how he was excited B. how was he excited C. how excited he was
D. he was how excited
3. He asked __D__ for a violin A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay ★在名词性从句中,除了关联词要提到句首之外,一律要用陈述句语序 4. What time do you think _B_? A. will Besty come here B. Besty will come here C. is Besty coming here D. can Besty get here 疑问词+do you think \ suggest \ believe / suppose …+陈述语序
D. how much I paid
考点 4 同位语从句和定语从句的区别 同 位 语 从 句 一 般 跟 在 名 词 fact, news, promise, truth, belief, thought, idea, answer, information, knowledge, doubt, hope, law, opinion, plan, suggestion 后, 用以说明或解释前面的 名词的内容，引导词一般为 that，没有意义，不作任何成分，只起连接作用，但不能省略。 定语从句：对先行词起修饰限制作用，引导词不止 that，引导词在句中作一定成分，有意义， 且 that / which 在定语从句中如果做宾语，可以省略。 E.g.: The news that she passed the exam excited her parents. 同位语从句 解释说明；that 在从句中不充当成分, 没有意义，是连接代词，但是不能省。 连接代词 The news that we know from her excited all of us. 定语从句 修饰限定；that 代替先行词 news，是关系代词，在从句中有意义，做成分，作宾语，可以省。 1. The suggestion that he should not go there is of great value. 同位语从句 2. The suggestion that he made is of great value. 定语从句 同位语从句 3. The fact that he won the first place can’t be denied. 4. The fact that he told me excited me. 定语从句 注: 1. 同位语从句多用 that 引导 2. 在 have no idea 之后常用 wh-引导同位语从句. I have no idea where he has gone. I have no idea when he did it. I have no idea what he did. 考点 5. “whatever / whoever / whichever / whenever / wherever / however”的用法 的用法 whatever / whoever / whichever 可以引导主语从句或宾语从句，他们既在从句中做成分 可以引导主语从句或宾语从句， 又在主句中作成分， 又在主句中作成分， 相当于 anything that, anybody who 等， 此时不能与 no matter what / who / which 互换 E.g.: Whoever walks around in such a heavy rain will catch a cold. (试体会本句，不可以变成 试体会本句 试体会本 no matter who 引导的让步状语从句 引导的让步状语从句) whatever / whoever / whichever / whenever / wherever / however 可引导让步状语从句， 可引导让步状语从句， 意为“无论什么/谁 哪个 何时/何地 怎样……都……” 相当于 no matter what / who/ which / 哪个/何时 何地/怎样 意为“无论什么 谁/哪个 何时 何地 怎样 都 ” ， when / where / how. E.g.: Wherever I went, the dog always followed me. (本句可换成 No matter where I went, the dog always followed me. 主从句依然没有问题 主从句依然没有问题) 本句可换成 1._________ was said here must be kept as a secret. What 2. _______we need is more time. What 3. _________ breaks the law will be punished. Whoever 高考题选萃 ____ has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. B. The one C. Anyone D. Whoever A. Who wh-ever 既可引导名词性从句又可引导让步状语从句，no matter wh-只引导让步状语从句 既可引导名词性从句又可引导让步状语从句， 只引导让步状语从句
2. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever A. however 考点 6.用 if 或 whether 填空 用 1. I don’t know _________I’ll be free tomorrow. whether 2. It seemed as if he was indifferent(漠然)__ he could not get into a lifeboat. if 3. The question is ______ this book is worth writing. whether 4. It depends on ______ we will have enough money. whether 5. ______ they can do it matters little to us. Whether a. 引导主语从句且位于句首、引导表语从句、同位语从句、介词后面的宾语从句只能用 whether，不能用 if ； b. 后面紧跟 or not 时, 用 whether c. 宾语从句是否定结构时只用 if d. 后接动词不定式时用 whether 1._____ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 考点 7 虚拟语气问题 ，demand，request，advise，insist(坚持要求，坚持主张)等所接的 1.在 order，suggest（建议） 宾语从句中用 should+V 型虚拟语气。should 常省略。 2.在 order， suggestion 等名词后同位语从句， 表语从句中用 should+V 型虚拟语气， 可省 should 3.在 as if，as though 引导的表语从句中，在必要的情况下应用虚拟语气。 不相信、 惋惜、 理应如此等,谓语动词用虚拟语气“(should) +do” , 4.在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、 常用的句型有： （1）It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that... （2） It is a pity(a shame, no wonder, etc.) that... （3） It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that... 如: It is strange that she (should) think so. 1.It is necessary that a college student ______ at least a foreign language. B. should master C. mastered D. will master A. masters 2. His suggestion was that we ______ another meeting to discuss the question. A hold B would hold C held D holding 5. wish 后，从句中的时态在原本的时态上退一步，即 wish that … 过去时…(跟现在相反) would +v. (跟将来相反) had done (跟过去相反) would rather that sb did sth \ sb had done E.g.: I wish that I ____that film star yesterday. A saw B. had seen C would see D has seen 五、相关习题集中练习：赶快来做一做，检查一下自己的学习效果。 相关习题集中练习：赶快来做一做，检查一下自己的学习效果。 1.__matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. That B. Why C. What D. Which 2.__he referred to in his article was unknown to the general reader. A. That B. What C. Whether D. Where 3. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands make____ it is. A. what B. that C. how D. where
4. It is none of your business ___ other people think about you .Believe yourself. B. what C. which D. when A. how 5. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s __ the best jobs are. A. where B. what C. when D. why 6. The traditional view is __ we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to make us do so. A. when B. why C. whether D. that 7. You are saying that everyone should be equal and this is _____ I disagree. [2004 全国卷 I] A. why B. where C. what D. how 8. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand _____ they insist on going by motorbike. [2004 全国卷 IV] A. why B. whether C. when D. how 9. A modern city has been set up in _____ was a wasteland ten years ago. [天津 2004] A. what B. which C. that D. where 10. After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, _____ our astronauts desire to do is walk in space. [上海 2004] A. where B. what C. that D. how 11. Along with the letter was his promise _____ he would visit me this coming Christmas. [上海 2004 春] A. which B. that C. what D. whether 12. A story goes _____ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. [上海 2004] A. when B. where C. what D. that 13. I think Father would like to know _____ I’ve been up to so far, so I decide to send him a quick note. [湖南 2004] A. which B. why C. what D. how 14. The Foreign Minister said, “______ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace.” [北 京 2004] D. It is A. This is B. There is C. That is 15. We cannot figure out ______ quite a number of insects, birds, and animals are dying out. [北京 2004] C. why D. when A. that B. as 16. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter _____ I’ talking to. [广 m 东 2004] A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom 17. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. that C. why D. whether 18. It never occurred to me you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A. which B. what C. that D. if 19. Go to the playground to fetch your bag. That’s you put it. A. where B. what C. when D. why 20. We haven’t settled the question of it is necessary for him to study abroad. A. if B. where C. whether D. that 21. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer it was 20 years ago, ____ it was so poorly equipped. A. what, when B. that, which C. what, which D. which, that
22. The last time we had great fun was we were visiting the Water Park. C. when D. why A. where B. how 23. See the flags top of the building? That was we did this morning. A. when B. which C. where D. what 24. One advantage of playing the guitar is it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A. how B. why C. that D. when makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. 25. A. what B. which C. whether D. that 26. It is obvious to the students they should get well prepared for their future. A. as B. which C. whether D. that 27. It is not immediately clear the financial crisis will soon be over. D. whether A. since B. what C. when 28. It has been proved eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illness in later life. A. if B. because C. when D. that 29. matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. 30. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever 31. ____made the school proud was ____more than 90%of the students had been admitted to key universities. A What / because B What / that C That / what D That / because 32.___she couldn’t understand was ___ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. A What / why B That / what C What / because D Why / that 33. Information has been put forward __ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A that B how C where D what 34. ___ is no possibility ___ Bob can win the first prize in the match. A. There, that B. It, that C. There, whether D. It, which 35. ---I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. ---Is that ___you had a few days off ? A why B when C what D where 36. Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game? --- Oh, that’s ___. A what makes me feel excited B whatever I feel excited about C how I feel about it D when I feel excited 37. __ fashion differs from country to country may reflect the cultural differences from one aspect. A What B That C This D Which 38. When you answer questions in a job interview, please remember the golden rule: Always give the monkey exactly __ he wants. A what B which C when D that 39. We made the suggestion that he ___ his work . A continues B continue C continued D had continued 40. There will be a special price for ____ buys things in large number here. C. whoever D. Whomever A. who B. whom 41. Mary wrote an article on ____ the team had failed to win the game.
A. why B. what C. who D. that 42. The poor young man is ready to accept __ help he can get. C. whatever D. whenever A. whichever B. however 43._____ man must fear when traveling in space is radiation from the sun. A. Which B. How C. What D. That 44. Can you make sure ___ the gold rings? C. where she has put D. where has she put A. where she had put B. where had she put 45. That is ___ I had to take the risk of being washed away. A. why B. reason why C. how D. what 46. Do ___ you think is right ___ difficulties you may have. A. what; however B. that; whatever C. whatever; whoever D. what; whatever 48. The workers considered it important ___ the boss would agree to give them a rise. A. whether B. how C. where D. which 49. Difficulty lies ___ we have no money. A. that B. in that C. in the fact D. in the fact that 50. I don’t think the question of ___ they are old or young is important. B. whether C. how D. why A. which 51. It makes no difference ___ you will go today or tomorrow. A. if B. whether C. that D. what 52. _____ should be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest B. Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should 53. The news ____ Lincoln was murdered filled the American people’s hearts with deep sorrow. A. which B. when C. that D. how 54. ____ he said at the meeting astonished everyone present. A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter 55. I don’t trust his promise ___ he will buy me a new car. A. which B. what C. when D. that 56. She received the message ___ he would come by plane. A. that B. which C. what D. when 57. Energy is ___ makes things work. A. what B. something C. anything D. that 58.Our city has changed a lot, and now it is quite different from __ a few years ago. A. what it used to be B. that it used to be C. which it used to be D. what was it 59. We all know the truth ___ there are air, water and sunlight, there are living things. A. wherever B. where C. that D. that wherever 60. The true value of life is not in ___, but____. A. how you get; that you give B. which you get; what you give C. what you get; what you give D. what do you get; what do you give 61.___ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. A. There B. This C. That D. It 62. It now appears ______ they are in need of help. A. that B. which C. what D. how 63. It is good news ______ they will arrive in a few days. C. that D. how A. which B. what 64. It ______ Joe drives badly.
A. thought that B. thinks that C. is thought that D. is thought that 65. It ______ he is late for class. C. may be that D. might be what A. may that B. might that 66. This is ______ she was born. A. where B. which C. that D. what 67. The question is ______ we can’t go there today. A. that B. what C. which D. when 68. The question is ______ it is worth doing. A. if B. whether C. which D. what 69. The reason he has made such great progress is _______ he has never wasted his time. A. because B. why C. that D. what 70. My suggestion is ______ we should turn the land into rice fields. B. that C. which D. where A. what 71. His proposal is that the dam ______ at the foot of the mountain. A. build B. will build C. be built D. will be built 72. My advice is that he ______ regular house. A. keep B. would keep C. keeps D. kept 73.______ knows the truth will tell you about it. A. Who that B. Whoever C. Whom that D. That who 74. We all know the truth _____ the earth goes round the sun. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 75. We heard the news ______ our team had won. A. which B. that C. what D. where 76. The problem ______ it is right or wrong has not yet been decided. A. which B. that C. whether D. if 改错: 改错 What we need are more time. I haven’t decided when should I start. I don’t know if I should go or not. He got the first prize in the contest surprises everyone. I’ve got the news which we will have an English test next week. It is no possibility that he can pass the exam. When and where we will hold the meeting haven’t been decided. The problem is whether we can get there on time，by bus or by taxi. As is known to all that paper was first invented in China. All the students went to see what the matter was with her. We don’t doubt whether he can do a good job. The reason why I like the dictionary is because it is useful for my work. This surprised us very much that Tom left without a word. The question is if the film is worth seeing. Where did they hold the important meeting is unknown to us all. If the sports meet will be held depends on the weather. Who knows the truth will tell you about it. It depends on if he has enough money. Students do not study hard is not a good thing. They want to make it clear to the public they do an important job.
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