Unit3 同步检测 Ⅰ.阅读理解 (创新题) YES，it’s still 2013，but as USA Today says， “it’s never too early to plan your 2014 travels” ．With so many hot destinations around the globe， “where should I go？” can b
e difficult to answer.According to Lonely Planet， though， Brazil is a fine choice－on Oct.29， the travel guide named that country the top one to visit in 2014.
“As if endless strands of coast and mountains，splashed with rainforest didn’t already add up to an unfair share of heaven (天堂)，Brazil will hold two of the greatest sporting events in the world，beginning with the 2014 FIFA World Cup and followed by the 2016 Summer Olympics， ”explained Lonely Planet. Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America.It boasts(自豪 拥有) the Amazon，the world’s largest jungle，which is home to a variety of plants and animals.But the great landscape is not the only thing Brazilians take pride in. The colors green and yellow might make most people think of Brazil’s soccer team even more than its national flag.Soccer is more than a sport in Brazil；it’s a way of life.In fact，the World Cup brings Brazilians together.It is interesting to note，that the general elections(大选) in Brazil are usually held during the same year as the World Cup.Political parties try to take advantage of the patriotic enthusiasm (爱国热 情) created by soccer to inspire political energy. Alongside soccer，samba is another emblem(象征) of Brazil.The country’s most traditional dance is highlighted every February at the Rio Carnival，which is one of the world’s biggest. “Brazil has left its second?class nation status， ” said former Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in 2009 after Rio de Janeiro was awarded the 2016 Olympics. Brazil’ s growing economy， fueled (刺激) by oil and aircraft factories， has made it more than just a nation of samba，soccer and beaches.These days，it might just be the best tourist destination in the world. 【文章大意】 热情奔放的巴西为何成为 2014 年最佳旅游国度？本文主要 从经济、地理环境和人文方面向我们展示了巴西的优势。 1．Which is true about Brazil? A．Soccer and samba are two symbols of the country. B．It will hold the FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics in 2014. C．It is the largest country with the longest history in South America. D．Its Amazon is the world’s largest jungle with the most beautiful landscape. 解析：选 A。细节理解题。由第五段“Alongside soccer，samba is another emblem(象征)of Brazil”，可知 A 项正确。 2．We can tell Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is________his country from his words. A．modest about B．honest about
C．proud of D．ashamed of 解析：选 C。推理判断题。由文中可推知前总统卢拉以他的国家为自豪。故 选 C 项。 3．Which of the following aspects are mentioned about Brazil in the article? a．military b．economy c．language and culture d．geography and population A．bc B．bd C．acd D．bcd 解析：选 B。细节理解题。本文主要介绍了巴西的经济、地理环境和人口方 面。故选 B 项。 4．The author’s purpose in writing the article is to________． A．give an introduction of Brazil as a tourist destination B．prove that Lonely Planet’s recommendation is right C．give an objective review of Brazil as a nation D．explain why Brazil will be holding the two sporting events 解析：选 A。细节理解题。本文写作的目的是向人们介绍巴西是最佳的旅游 国度。 Ⅱ.七选五补缺题 1． ________ Well， maybe you don’ t really hate him.But you do get really angry every time you think of him.If you don’t overcome this anger，it can turn into bitterness(痛苦)． Bitterness can result when we can’t forgive someone who has hurt us or made us angry.Someone might say or do something that hurts us.2.________ Before long，a bitter feeling begins to grow.The bitterness shows when we constantly criticize the one who hurts us.We may think we’re hurting that person，but we’re really only hurting ourselves. 3 ． ________It can lead to serious health problems such as high blood pressure.Bitterness can keep us from concentrating on important things.Finally， holding on to bitterness can hurt our relationships with friends and family members.No one enjoys being around an angry，negative person for a long time. Author Chuck Swindle once said， “Life is 10% what happens to us and 90% how we respond to it.” 4.________You can choose to let go of hurt， or you can hold on to hurt，which results in bitterness. If you see bitterness in your life，the best thing you can do is to forgive and forget.You probably can’t completely put the anger out of your mind.5.________Let it go and move on.You’ll enjoy better health and peace of mind. A．Is there something you hate? B．That means when someone hurts you，your response is more important than what happened. C．But instead of working through the anger，we keep it deep inside. D．Is there someone you hate? E．Bitterness is a harmful emotion that affects the whole body. F．But you can decide to forgive the other person. G．We should never hate others.
答案：1～5 DCEBF Ⅲ.完形填空 )I walked into the grocery store，not really wanting to buy anything.I just wanted to stay there quietly — the pain of losing my__1__was still too great.And this supermarket held so many sweet__2__．He often came with me，and always bought me yellow roses. Standing__3__the meat，I searched for the perfect small steak__4__my husband used to love it.__5__a woman came up beside me.I watched as she picked up a large pack of T?bone steaks，dropped them in her basket，__6__，and then put them back.She turned to go and once again__7 for the pack of steaks.She saw me__8__her and she smiled.“My husband loves Tbone steaks，but they are so expensive.” “My husband__9__away eight days ago， ” I told her， and__10__to control the sadness in my voice， “Buy him the T?bone steaks.And__11__every moment you have together.” __12__by my words ， she placed the steaks in her basket and walked away__13__． But several minutes later she came towards me again， __14__a package in her arms.She was__15__the brightest smile I had ever seen. As she__16__，I saw what she held.“These are for you， ” she placed three beautiful yellow roses in my hands.I wanted to tell her what the roses__17__for me， but，unable to speak，only watching her walking away. Looking down at the roses，I wondered__18__she knew it.Suddenly the answer seemed so__19__．I wasn’t alone.There were__20__many people caring for me and willing to help me.Just be thankful for what you have and who you are. 【文章大意】 文章讲述了作者带着失去丈夫的痛苦来到带给她回忆的超 市，在挑选丈夫喜欢的牛排的时候，她看见一个妇女对一块 T 骨牛排犹豫不决， 原来是她丈夫喜欢但是太贵， 作者告诉这个妇女自己的故事，并要她珍惜现在一 起的时光， 这个妇女后来居然送给作者一束玫瑰， 让作者感到还是有很多人关心 她的。 1．A.father B．brother C．husband D．son 解析：选 C。考查名词辨析。A.father 父亲，B.brother 哥哥，C.husband 丈夫， D.son 儿子， 从下文的 My husband __9__away eight days ago 可知死去丈夫的痛苦 还是很大。 2．A.groceries B．memories C．flowers D．dreams 解析： 选 B。 考查名词辨析。 A.groceries 杂货店， B.memories 记忆， C.flowers 花，D.dreams 梦，从下文的 He often came with me，and always bought me yellow roses.可知这个超市给作者带来甜美的回忆。 3．A.by B．for C．beyond D．against 解析：选 A。考查介词。A.by 在??旁边，通过，B.for 为了，C.beyond 超 出，D.against 反对，作者站在肉的旁边，寻找最好的小牛排。 4．A.even if B．in case
C．until D．since 解析： 选 D。 考查连词。 A.even if 即使， B.in case 以防， C.until 直到， D.since 自从，因为，因为丈夫过去喜欢，所以作者寻找最好的小牛排。 5．A.Actually B．Suddenly C．Instantly D．Hopefully 解析：选 B。考查副词。A.Actually 实际上，B.Suddenly 突然，C.Instantly 立刻，D.Hopefully 有希望地，突然一个妇女出现在我旁边。 6．A.missed B．suffered C．doubted D．hesitated 解析： 选 D。 考查动词辨析。 A.missed 错过， 想念， B.suffered 受苦， C.doubted 怀疑，D.hesitated 犹豫，根据前后文：dropped them in her basket，__6__，and then put them back 可知这个妇女很犹豫。 7．A.reached B．searched C．sent D．paid 解析：选 A。考查动词辨析。A.reached 到达，伸手，B.searched 寻找，C.sent 送，D.paid 付钱，她准备走了，但是又回来伸手拿那块牛排。 8．A.following B．helping C．watching D．stopping 解析：选 C。考查动词辨析。A.following 跟随，B.helping 帮助，C.watching 观看，D.stopping 停止，她看见我看着她，就笑了。 9．A.broke B．cleared C．moved D．passed 解析：选 D。考查动词辨析。A.broke 打破，折断，B.cleared 清除，C.moved 移动，感动，D.passed 通过，从前面的句子：the pain of losing my __1__可知作 者的丈夫 8 天前去世了，pass away 去世。 10．A.decided B．fought C．offered D．pretended 解析：选 B。 考查动词辨析。A.decided 决定，B.fought 斗争，努力， C.offered 提供，D.pretended 假装，我努力想控制声音里面的悲伤。 11．A.forget B．recover C．treasure D．imagine 解析：选 C。考查动词辨析。A.forget 忘记，B.recover 恢复，C.treasure 珍惜， D.imagine 想象，给他买喜欢的 T 骨牛排，珍惜在一起的时光。 12．A.Surprised B．Embarrassed C．Panicked D．Frightened 解析： 选 A。考查形容词。A.Surprised 惊讶的， B.Embarrassed 尴尬的， C.Panicked 惊恐的，D.Frightened 害怕的，听到我的话感到惊讶，她将牛排放进 篮子里面。 13．A.softly B．violently C．silently D．wildly 解析：选 C。考查副词。A.softly 轻柔的，B.violently 暴力的，C.silently 沉 默地，D.wildly 发疯地，她将牛排放进篮子里面，默默的走开了。 14．A.fastening B．carrying C．picking D．opening
解析：选 B。考查动词辨析。A.fastening 系紧，B.carrying 携带，C.picking 挑选，D.opening 打开，几分钟后她又朝我走来，抱着一个包裹。 15．A.covering B．rolling C．spreading D．wearing 解析：选 D。考查动词辨析。A.covering 覆盖，B.rolling 滚，C.spreading 传 播，D.wearing 穿戴，她的脸上带着我看过的最美丽的笑容。 16．A.approached B．turned C．continued D．bent 解析：选 A。考查动词辨析。A.approached 靠近，B.turned 转弯，C.continued 继续，D.bent 弯曲，从上文的 she came towards me again.可知是当她靠近的时候。 17．A.smelled B．tasted C．collected D．meant 解析：选 D。考查动词辨析。A.smelled 闻，B.tasted 品尝，C.collected 收集， D.meant 意味着，我想告诉她玫瑰花对我来说意味着什么。 18．A.what B．how C．whether D．when 解析：选 B。考查宾语从句的连接词。我想知道她是怎么知道的。 A.what 什么，B.how 怎样，C.whether 是否，D.when 当??时候。 19．A.accidental B．strange C．obvious D．funny 解析：选 C。考查形容词。A.accidental 偶然的，B.strange 奇怪的，C.obvious 显然的，D.funny 滑稽的，从下文 I wasn’t alone 可知答案是显然的。 20．A.still B．just C．even D．also 解析：选 A。考查副词辨析。A.still 仍然，B.just 仅仅，C.even 甚至，D.also 也，还有很多人关心我愿意帮助我。 Ⅳ.语法填空 Sam(S)is writing a research journal about teaching Penny(P)physics. S：Research journal，entry one.I’m about 1.________(take)on one of the greatest 2.________(challenge)of my scientific career：teaching Penny physics.I’m calling it Project Gorilla. P：Hey，Sam. S：Come in.Take a seat.All right，let’s begin.Where’s your notebook? P：I don’t have 3.________． S：4.________are you going to take notes without a notebook? P：I have to take notes? S：How else are you going to study for the tests? P：There is going to be a test? S：Testsss.Here. P：Thank you. S：You’re welcome.Now，Introduction 5.________ Physics.What is physics? Physics comes from the ancient Greek word “physika”． It’s at this point 6.________ you ’ ll want to start taking notes.Physika means the science of 7.________(nature)things.And 8.________ is there，in ancient Greece，that our story
begins. P：Ancient Greece？！ S：Hush.If you have questions，raise your hand.It’s 9.________ warm summer evening ， about 600 BC.You 10.________(finish)your shopping at the local market.You look up at the night sky.There you notice...Yes，Penny? 1．解析：考查动词不定式。 实验日志，第一篇：我即将开始我的科学生涯 中最大的难题之一：教 Penny 学物理。be about to do：即将做某事，所以此空填 to take。 答案：to take 2．解析：考查名词复数。 one of the 后面要加复数名词 challenges。 答案：challenges 3．解析：考查代词。 one 替代上文出现过的 a notebook，避免重复。“你 的笔记本呢？”“我没有(一个)笔记本(I don’t have a notebook)。” 答案：one 4．解析：考查副词。没有笔记本怎么(How)记笔记呀？ 答案：How 5．解析：考查介词。 introduction to sth.：(某种知识)入门。 答案：to 6．解析：考查强调句型。 此句为强调句。“在这时”你该记笔记了。所以 填 that。 答案：that 7．解析：考查形容词。 形容词 natural 修饰名词 things， “自然界的事物”。 答案：natural 8．解析：考查强调句型。 有一个强调句：it is there that our story begins.(我 们的故事是从那里开始的。) 答案：it 9．解析：考查冠词。a warm summer evening：“一个”温暖的夏日的傍晚。 evening 前有形容词修饰时，用不定冠词。 答案：a 10．解析：考查时态。 你刚刚结束(have finished)购物，此时你正抬头看夜 空。 答案：have finished Ⅴ.课文语法填空 阅读下面课文缩写材料， 在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式 (不多于 3 个单词)。 Wang Kun and his sister， Wang Wei， have dreamed of ______1______(take) a great bike trip along the Mekong River.Last year，Wang Wei visited her cousins， Dao Wei and Yu Hang，______2______ studied in college in Yunnan.Wang Wei soon got them ______3______(interest) in cycling ， too.Wang Wei insisted on ______4______(find)the source of the river.And her brother told her that the journey would begin ______5______ an altitude of more than 5， 000 metres and the air would be hard ______6______(breath)．But she didn’t seem worried.Instead，she was ______7______(excite)．
Before the trip， Wang Kun got a large atlas ______8______ good maps.From the atlas ， they could see that the river begins in a glacier on a ______9______(Tibet)Mountain.They were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China.At last，the river delta enters ______10______ South China Sea. 答案： 1.taking 2.who 3.interested 4.finding5． at 6.to breathe 7.excited 8.with 9.Tibetan 10.the
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