请同学们了解书面表达评分原则以及给分范围 Ⅰ第五档(很好)；(21-25分)： ⑴完全完成了试题规定的任务， ⑵覆盖所有内容要点， ⑶ 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇， ⑷语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂 结构或较高级词汇所致；具备较强的语言运用能力， ⑸有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑， ⑹完全达到了预期
Ⅱ第四档(好)： (16-20分) ⑴完全完成了试题规定的任务 ⑵虽漏掉1、2个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容 ⑶应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求 ⑷语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是 因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致 ⑸应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑 ⑹达到了预期的写作目的
Ⅲ. 第三档(适当)：(11-15分) ⑴基本完成了试题规定的任务 ⑵虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容 ⑶应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求 ⑷有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解 ⑸应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯 ⑹整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的
Ⅳ. 第二档(较差)：(6-10分) ⑴未恰当完成试题规定的任务 ⑵漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容 ⑶语法结构单调、词汇项目有限 ⑷有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容 的理解 ⑸较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性 ⑹信息未能清楚地传达给读者
Ⅴ第一档(差)：(1-5分) ⑴未完成试题规定的任务 ⑵明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未 理解试题要求 ⑶语法结构单调、词汇项目有限 ⑷较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的 理解 ⑸缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯 ⑹信息未能传达给读者。 Ⅵ不得分：（0分） ⑴未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的 内容均与所要求内容 无关或所写内容无法看清。
As is described in the picture……
The purpose of the picture is to show us that…… 3.从图画中，我们可以看到….
From the picture, we can see……
根据 下列图画 中Tom骑 自行车的 经历，用 英语写一 篇短文。 短文要写 得连贯、 完整。字 数100字 左右。
1、体裁：叙述Tom骑自行车的经历， 为记叙文体 2、主要时态：一般过去时，叙述描绘 一起交通事故 3、人称：第三人称Tom 4、要点：记叙描绘文体，抓住四个 要点：时间、地点、人物、事件的前 后经过。
词句文 ① to ride a bike 词： ② to hit his bike and fall off
①Tom was riding a bike along the street.
②The car hit his bike and he fell off it.
The other day, Tom was riding along the street. Suddenly, a car was running 文： towards him fast and hit his bike, then he fell off it.
The other day, Tom was riding along the street.
Suddenly, a car was running towards him fast. He was so frightened that he quickly turned to the left side. But it was too late. The car hit his bike and he fell off it. When the driver realized that he had caused an accident, he got
such a fright that he took flight with his car. He was soon
out of sight, leaving Tom helpless on the spot. Fortunately a passer-by happened to see what had happened and remembered the number of the car. He reported this to the police. Now the driver has been caught and will be punished for his wrong doing.
81.请根据你对以下两幅图的理解, 以"Actions Speak Louder than Words"为题, 用英语写一篇作文。
你的作文应包括以下内容: 1.简要描述两幅图的内容; 2.概述你对两幅图中不同做法的理解; 3.举例说明两幅图对你的启示。词数：150左右 Actions Speak Louder than Words 参考词汇: banner (横幅) stump (树桩)
例文1 Actions Speak Louder than Words People celebrate Earth Day differently. In Picture 1, a man is trying to put up a banner on a lonely tree surrounded by stumps, but in vain, while Picture 2 shows a couple happily planting trees. The message conveyed here is clear: "Actions speak louder than words." Our earth is suffering severe damage. Should we just pay lip service or take practical measures to protect it? The answer is definitely the latter. Immediate actions should be taken, like stopping cutting down trees to better the environment.
Actions are important in other fields, too. Instead of shouting empty slogans, it is more meaningful to donate books and sports goods to children in need. We should strictly and voluntarily follow traffic rules, stopping at the red light rather than complaining about traffic jams. Only when we match our words with actions can we make a difference in whatever we hope to accomplish.
例文2： There are two pictures. In the first picture, a man is trying to put up a banner on a lonely tree surrounded by stumps, but he failed. In the second picture a couple are happily planting trees.
These two pictures remind me of a famous saying: Actions speak louder than words. Now the earth is in bad condition. For example, in some places, the air and water pollution is so serious that it causes many deaths and a lot of trees were cut down. At the same time, many animals and plants are in
danger because of the destruction of their habits. It?s time we took actions to better the environment. luckily, millions of people have realized the problem, doing something good for the earth. Some clean up beaches and water, some pick up rubbish, and others give speeches to call on more people to take actions. Of course, these are far from enough. To make a difference, we should match our words with actions.
作业：孩子的成长和教育是社会热议的话题，现今父母包 揽一切、孩子过度依赖等现象十分严重。请阅读下面 的 漫画，按要求用英文写一篇短文。 (2013福建卷)
内容要求： 1.描述漫画内容； 2. 分析漫画所揭示的问题； 3. 提出你的看法。 注意： 1.短文开头已给出，不计入总词数； 2.考生可适当发挥，使文章内容充实、连贯； 3.词数120左右; 4. 文中不能出现考生的具体信息。 参考词汇:pave the way
From the picture, we can see a family of three walking on a long red carpet. _________________________________________________
From the picture we can see a family of three walking on a long red carpet. The son, well dressed, waves proudly in the middle while the father behind bends forward to hold the jacket and the mother in front rolls out the carpet, sweating. It shows a common phenomenon nowadays that children are the focus of families, shouldering the hope of their parents. Parents arrange everything for their children and spare no effort to pave the way for their success. As a consequence, children become so reliant on their parents that they have no independent thought or creative ideas.
Such a situation is of great concern. In my opinion, overprotection and too much care are extremely bad for children's development. Instead of doing everything for them, parents should encourage their children to overcome difficulties and inspire them to develop by themselves. Only in this way can they grow up to be independent and become truly successful.
下面的饼状图（pie chat）显示了你对你校 学生兴趣爱好的调查结果。请你用英语给 Shanghai Students? Post 写一篇短文，报 道你的调查结果，并对此结果发表你的看法 或建议。字数120词左右。首句已给出（不 计入词数）。
A recent survey shows what the students of our school like to do in their spare time
写作步骤：1.审题并用自己的话描述图表内容。 2.根据图表反映的现象发表自己的观点。 1.喜欢：like , be fond of , be interested in, enjoy, love , favorite
2.依我看：in my opinion, in /from my point of view, as far as I?m concerned ,I think, I believe, as far as I can see,
From the pie chat, we can see 53% of the students like sports, so doing sports is the most popular activity in our school. The second popular activity for students is surfing the Internet and 36 % of the students have interest in it. Only a few students, about 8 percent of them, take reading as a hobby. And even fewer are fond of playing musical instruments.
In my point (of view), our school should have more sports facilities built to satisfy the needs of the students. Guidance should be given to students on surfing the Internet and ways must be found to arouse students? interests in reading and music.(106words)
1.From the chart, we can see that …
2.As is shown in the chart,…
3.It is quite clear that…
4.A recent survey shows that …
书面表达模拟题（八） 你叫李明，住在友谊宾馆的英国朋友Mike明 天想到你校（第一中学）参观。你提前到其 住处告诉行走路线，但他不在，你便随手在 一张纸上画上路线图，并在图下简短附言提 示。请按图写一便条。 ①友谊宾馆 ②十字路口③红绿灯④公园⑤银 行⑥大约100米⑦第一中学
大 约 米
审题： 1.时态： 过去时，现在时
3.结构：1). 写便条的原因 2). 具体的行走路线 3).
2.从友谊宾馆向左拐，穿过十字路口，再看见红 绿灯向右拐； 3.穿过左边的公园，继续向前走，当看到的时候 想左拐；
Behind the garden is the classroom building. 2.沿着路走，在第一个路口向右转。 Please go down this street, and turn right at the first turning. 3.请穿过桥然后向东走。 Please get across the bridge and go eastward. 4.大约5分钟的路程。
It ?s about five minutes? walk/ride.
It is located/lies in/on/to the east of the town.
Dear Mike, Welcome to my school. I?ve come here in person to tell you how to go to my school, but you are out. So I have to leave this diagraph to remind you of the course. You should turn left when you get out of the railway station. Go down the road and you will see the first crossing. Go straight ahead till you see the traffic lights. Next, you should
turn right at the traffic lights. Then you?ll pass by a park which is on your left. Go straight ahead till you get to a bank, and you?ll find that there is a street opposite the bank. Now walk down the street about 100 meters, and you will see No. 1 Middle School on your left. You can?t miss it. I look forward to seeing you soon. (128words) Li Ming
提纲类作文的命题特点分为两类: 1. 列出一系列要点，要求考生根据所列要点来组织语言， 按照一定的逻辑顺序正确无误地将信息表达出来。 但切 记不应逐字逐句地翻译要点，否则文章会显得机械，缺 乏连贯性。这种命题形式一直以来在高考英语书面表达 中占半壁江山。 2. （半）开放类作文的命题方式通常是给出较简短的提 示，要求考生根据提示进行写作。此类作文给考生提供 了较大的个性展示空间，考生的创新思维和发散思维能 力能够的到充分的发挥。该类书面表达在近几年的高考 英语试卷中出现的频越来越高，如2013年湖北卷，湖南 卷，浙江卷，江西卷等都采用了此形式。
提纲类作文的的文体特点: 1.应用文：包括日记，书信，电子邮件，书面或口头通 知，发言稿，网络发帖等（2013天津卷，重庆卷等）
高考英语作文常用句型 1 Nothing is more important than to do …… 没有什么比做…..更重要 2. There is no doubt that…..毫无疑问，， 3，An advantage of ….is that + 句子 ---------的优点是------eg. An advantage of using solar energy is that it won’t Produce pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造污染。
4. The reason why + 句子 is\ was that +句 子 （……的原因是……） eg. 他失败的原因是因为他没有努力。 The reason why he failed was that he ___________________________________ didn’t work hard. ___________________________________ 5. So ------ that + 句子 如此……以至于…… 6. 形容词、名词、动词等+ as + 主语 + 谓语
Child as he is , he knows a lot. __________________________________
7. the + 形容词比较级。 the +形容词比较级 越来越-------你越努力，你越进步 The harder you work, the more progress you make. ___________________________________ 8. By doing 凭借着-----通过锻炼， 我们始终能保持健康。
By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.
9. It is time that + 主语 + 过去式----（该是-------时候了-------10.be based on 以-----为基础
11.spare no effort to do 不遗余力的作某事 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。 We should spare no effort to beautify our _____________________________________ environment. _______________________________ 12.have a great influence on 对----有很大影响 吸烟有害健康。 Smoking has a great influence on our health. _____________________________________ 13. do good to 对----有益 do harm to 对--有害 读书对心灵有益。 Reading does good to mind. ______________________________ 14.due to / owing to /thanks to 因为。。。 由于它的鼓励，我最终实现我的梦想。 Due to his encouragement, I finally realized my _____________________________________
15. Failure is the mother of success. 失败是成功之母。 16.In a word 总之（一句话） Only in this way can we ….. 只有----才---17. I am looking forward to----我期盼着---我期盼着你得回复 ___________________________________ I am looking forward to your reply. 表示原因的句子 1）There are three reasons for this． 2）The reasons for this are as follows． 3）The reason for this is that．．．
? 表示好处 ? 1）It has the following advantages． ? 2）It does us a lot of good． ? 3）It benefits us quite a lot． ? 4）It is beneficial to us． ? 5）It is of great benefit to us． 表示坏处 ? 1）It has more disadvantages than ? advantages． ? 2）It does us much harm． ? 3）It is harmful to us．
写作中连接词的选用： 1. to begin with, then, furthermore, finally（强烈推荐 2. to start with, next, in addition , finally（强烈推荐） 3. first, besides, last but not least（强烈推荐） 4. on the one hand, on the other hand （适用于两点的情况） 5. for one thing, for another thing （适用于两点的情况） 6. Last but not least. 7. though, as, even though/if, no matter wh--, whether 8. But , however, or, otherwise, or else 9. While , on the contrary
并列 选择 原因 结果 时间
比较 转折 递进 举例 总结
and; as well as ; also; or; either—or; or else; otherwise because ; owing to; due to ;on account of ; thanks to so ; therefore ; thus ; as a result when ;soon after ; before; later ; first ; and then ; next ; finally; afterwards. on the contrary ; on the other hand ; like but ; yet; however ; although; in spite of ; instead ; besides ; moreover ; even ; in addition for example/instance; such as ; that is ; namely ; after all ; in short ; in general ; generally speaking in all, in a word
1） we held a discussion on ……
2）There was a discussion on ….. which was held in our class last
例句翻译1： 上周我们举行了一个“如何进行环境保护” 的讨论会。
Our class held a discussion on how to protect 1)_______________________________
our environment last week _________________________________
2)___________________________________ There was a discussion on how to protect ___________________________________ our environment , which was held in our ___________________________________ class last week
2.一些人认为…. 因为 ….. 然而另一些人持
Some of …..think that …..because…., while the others have quite different views. In their opinion…..
一些人认为，高三学生放学后应该参加体育锻炼， 因为进步或成功依赖于健康的体魄；而另一些人 则认为， 他们不必花时间进行体育锻炼，因为他 们每天要忙于大量的作业。
Some of us think that Senior 3 students should take exercise after school because they believe progress or success depends on good health, while the others have different views. In their opinion, they needn?t spend time on sports because they are too busy doing
3.一方面 ….另一方面…… 而且……. On one hand…., on the other hand….What?s more,……
For one thing….for another….Besides,…..
真遗憾我不能参加你的生日聚会.一方面,我的一 大堆作业还没有做完,另一方面,我这几天身体很不 舒服. 而且我妈妈也不让我参加这样的活动.
What a pity I can?t go to your birthday party today. For one thing, I haven?t finished my home work. For another, I?m not feeling well these days. What?s more, my mother doesn?t allow me to take part in such parties.
The discussion lasted…., but they didn?t reach/arrive at /come to an agreement.
1. There was a discussion on / about …….last week. Some of us think that….. because…..But others hold quite different opinions. In their opinion,…..
The discussion lasted over two hours, but we didn?t come to an agreement.
最近，我们进行了一场关于“中学生要不要参加社 会实践”的辩论。 1. 70%的同学认为应该参加。有助于了解社
会，获得经验。有助于培养能力，学以致用。 2. 30%的同学认为不应参加。太年轻，不能 很好的适应社会。浪费时间，精力，也没 有机会。 请阐明你的观点
____________________________________________ Recently, we?ve had a debate about whether
middle students should do social practice. ____________________________________________
70% of the students think middle school ______________________________________
students should do social practice.
70% of the students are for /in favor of it.
On the one hand, it can make them learn more about society and gain experience.
For one reason, not only can they learn more about society but also they can gain experience.
On the other hand, they can improve their ability and put what they have learned in the books into practice.
6.30%的同学认为不应参加。 30% of them think that middle school students don’t have to do social practice. 30% of them think it unnecessary to do social practice.
_____________________________________ They are too young to adapt themselves to the world. _____________________________________
7.浪费时间，精力，也没有机会 They say it is a waste of time and energy and there are no such chances. They say a lot of time and energy will be ________________________________ wasted _________________(运用被动语态)
范文（背诵）：Recently, we’ve had a debate about whether middle students should do social practice. Different people have different opinions. 70% of the students think middle school students should do social practice. In their opinion, not only can social practice help them know more about society, but also they can gain much experience. By doing so, the students’ ability can be developed. Besides, they can put what they have learned in the books into practice.
However, 30% of them think it unnecessary to do social practice. Because they are too young to adapt themselves to the world. They say a lot of time and energy will be wasted .what?s more, there are no such chances. Personally, middle school students should take part in social practice in order to adapt ourselves to society quickly in future.
? 2006陕西高考（作业） ? 暑假即将来临，你班同学讨论了假期计划，提出 了不同看法．请根据提示写一篇有关讨论的英语短 文，并谈谈你的看法． ? 优点 缺点 ? 呆在家中 花费少，舒适方便 不能亲身了解外界 ? 外出旅游 增长知识开阔眼界 花费多，旅途不便 ? 眼界view (horizon ) ? １短文必须包括表中要点，可根据内容分段表达 ? ２可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯． ? ３，词数100--120
The summary holiday is coming. Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday . Some are in favor of staying at home .They think it?s both convenient and comfortable ,What?s more, they can save money for other purposes. But they will lose the chance of getting to know the outside world . However ,others prefer to go out for traveling since it can increase their knowledge and broaden their views .But they will spend more money and meet some difficulties while traveling . In my opinion ,it would be much better to stay at home ,for I can do what I like ,such as reading books ,watching TV ,and help my parents with the
somebody was doing ……when…..
某人正要做某事----这时----Someone was about to do…..when……
2.某人刚刚干了某事, 这时…. Somebody had just done ….when….
3.看見/听见某种情況, Seeing this /hearing this; On seeing this /on hearing this.
听见这种情况,我立即朝他跑了过去 (run over to sb)
On hearing this/ Hearing this, I ran ______________________________________ over to him as soon as possible.
4.毫不犹豫/二话没说,我们决定…… Without hesitation/without a word, we decided to do….. 5.一……..就….. As soon as-----Hardly had somebody done….. When No sooner had somebody done….than
Hardly had we got to the farm when we ______________________________________ started to help the farmers. ______________________________________
Although /though we were very tired, we learned what we couldn?t learn in school
Tired as we were _________________, we learned what we couldn't learn in school.
7.我永远也不会忘记这一天…… I?ll never forget the day when/which 我永远也不会忘记在农场的这一天。 ____________________________ I?ll never forget the day ____________________________ (which/that) we spent on the farm.
写作要点： 1. 做家务的理由； 2. 做家务的过程； 3. 你得感受。 注意： 1. 短文词数不少于100； 2. 开头部分已写好，不计入总词数； 3. 不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。 I am an 18-year-old middle school student.________
Possible version: I am an 18-year old middle school student. I have been busy with my study and seldom helped my parents with the housework. Feeling quite sorry for that, I begin to think about what to do to help. Last Sunday, when my parents went out shopping, I suddenly got an idea: why not give the rooms a thorough cleaning? Firstly I collected all the books, newspapers and other things spread in the rooms and put them in place. Then I wiped the dust off all the furniture. After that, I swept the floors.
At this very moment, my parents came back and were quite surprised to see all the rooms tidy and floors shining. My mother gave me a hug and I could see satisfaction in her eyes. Tired as I was, I never felt so happy.
2013高考英语江西卷(作业) 星光中学(Xing guang High School)近期举行了一次登 山活动。假定你是学校英语报记者，请写一篇短文，报道 此次活动。内容包括： 1.时间与地点：4月10日， 大青山(Daqing Mountain); 2.活动的过程; 3.你对于这次活动的评论。 注意：1.词数120左右; 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
In order to encourage the students to take outdoor exercise, our school organized a mountainclimbing on April 10. Hundreds of us took part in it. It was a nice day. At 8:00 am, we gathered at the foot of Daqing Mountain and set out for the top in high spirits. All the way we were chatting, singing and laughing, enjoying the fresh air and the beautiful scenery. When some fell behind, others would come and offer help. About 2 hours later, we all reached the top. Bathed in sunshine, we jumped and cheered with joy . he activity benefited us a lot. Not only did it get us close to nature and give us relaxation from heavy school work, it also promoted the friendship among us. What a wonderful time!
说明文常用词汇： 1 location (位置) 2 area (面积) 3 population(人口) 4 transport ( 交通) 5 history (历史) 6 places of interest (名胜) and resources
1) lies/stands 2) is located in
真题演练： 鸟巢位于北京北部。（the bird nest ） The bird nest is located/lies in the north of Beijing . ______________________________________
2.Area (面积): Eg. 迁西县占地面积为1439平方公里。 Qianxi County covers1,439 square kilometres
. 归纳： 1）…covers kilometres
2）has an area of…square 3）with an area of ….
? ? ? ?
演练： 鸟巢建筑面积约为5.8万平方公里。 _____________________________________ The bird nest covers /has an area of _____________________________________ 580.000 square meters .
1)… has/with a population of… 2) The population of … is…,
Eg .迁西有37万人口。 Qianxi has a population of 370 thousand. ___________________________________
It is very convenient for sb to do.
Eg.你来我们县城很方便。 ______________________________ It is very convenient for you to come to our county. ______________________________
has a history of...
Eg. 1.迁西拥有500多年的历史。 Qianxi has a history of over 500 years. _____________________________
? 6.Places of interest (名胜)and natural resources ? 1) 迁西很美，有许多名胜，其中景中山最著
? Qianxi is very beautiful, which has many places of interest, among which the Jingzhong Mountain is the most famous 2) 因板栗文明的迁西县吸引(attract)着全世界
Qianxi County, known for chestnuts, attracts吸引 millions of visitors from all over the world.
be rich in…/be known(famous) for Qianxi County is rich in natural resources _______________________________
迁西县位于唐山北部，历史悠久， 是一个山区县，自然资源如铁矿 (mines)、森林、板栗(nuts)等非常 丰富，总面积1439平方公里，人口 约37万，气候宜人，夏天不是太热， 冬天不是太冷。景忠山是风景胜地 之一,每年吸引大量游客。
Located in the north of Tangshan, Qianxi is a mountainous county with a long history. It covers a total area of 1,439 square kilometers with a population of about 370 thousand. The climate here is pleasant, neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter. There are many places of
interest, among which is the Jingzhong Mountain, whose scenery is very beautiful, attracts lots of tourists from different places every year. Qianxi is also rich in resources, such as mines, forests, nuts and so on.
城市名称 广州，广东省的省府 地理位置 广东省中部 面积 7434.4平方公里 (square kilometers) 9,980,000 (9.98 million) 人口 历史文化 不仅历史悠久,还是中国古代“海上丝绸之 路(Silk Road on the sea)”的发祥地 (birthplace);以“五羊” (Five Goats)为象 征,岭南文化著称。 气候特征 气候温暖，阳光充足，雨水(rainfall)充沛， 年平均气温为21.8℃ 风景名胜 旅游资源丰富,如著名的“羊城八景”。 (Eight Scenes of Guangzhou)
Located in the middle of Guangdong province, Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong Province, covers an area of 7434.4 square kilometers with a population of 9.98 million. Guangzhou is not only a city with a long history, but also the birthplace of the ancient “Silk Road on the Sea”. Besides, Guangzhou, whose symbol is “Five Goats”, is famous for Lingnan Culture. Furthermore , Guangzhou has a warm climate with plenty of sunshine and rainfall and the average temperature is about 21.8℃. As is well known , Guangzhou has many places of interest for tourists to visit, particularly the “Eight Scenes of Guangzhou”.
（范文2013新课标卷背诵） 假定你是李华，自制一些中国结（Chinese knot）。给 开网店的美国朋友Tom写封信，请他代卖，要点包括： 1.外观（尺寸、颜色、材料） 2.象征意义 3.价格 注意：1.词数100左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.开头语已为你写好。
Dear Tom, How are you doing? These days I have made some Chinese knots in my spare time, which I expect you to heop me to sell in your online shop. They are all made of silk threads, about 10 centimeters long and 6 centimeters wide. They are of different colors, namely red,yellow and orange. As you know, Chinese knots are very popular with Chines people. By the way, do you know what they stand for? As far as i am concerned, they stand for lobe, friendshop and unity. In China, they are used to decorated our rooms or as gifts for friends. I would appreciate it if you could sell the knots for 10 dollars each.
(作业二)某中学生英文报近期开辟专栏，讨论学习习惯问 题，请你结合自身学习实际，按一下提 示，用英文为该专栏写一篇稿件。 1. 说明学习习惯与学习效果之间的关系； 2. 介绍一种好的学习习惯并提出养成该习惯的建议； 3. 描述自己在学习习惯方面存在的某个问题并给出改进 措施 注意： 1. 词数100左右，开头语已为你写好 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯 3.文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称 It?s useful and necessary to discuss learning habits ._____________
It?s useful and necessary to discuss learning habits. There is a famous saying Good habits lead to good endings, which shows the importance of habits. ―An apple a day keeps doctor away. also shows how a healthy everyday habit helps to build up our body. Thus, good learning habits can help us gain great learning results including high scores and abundant knowledge. As we all know, having a good habit is so important that I would like to introduce one kind of good learning habits----
keep a learning diary every day. We can start the habit by writing learning summary and recording something impressive and meaningful. Keep it in mind, and gradually we can gain this good learning habit and benefit from it. What?s more, I find out that I still have some bad learning habits as well. I can just concentrate on reading for a short time and I will conquer this problem by spending more effort on concentration practice. I believe that through my efforts, I can gain good learning results by having good habits.
Dear classmates, May I have your attention, please ? There is going to be …._____________ _____________________________________ Please attend it on time .
In order to improve our English ……________ ______________________________________ Don’t be late . the Students’union 常用句型:
1. 大家好! 报告大家一个好消息. (口头通知) Hello ! Everyone ! Here is good news for you . Hello ! Everyone ! Good news for you .
2.大家请注意, 我有重要事情告诉大家. I have something important Attention! Please ! ___________________________
______________________________________ 3. 今天下午4点半我们将在三会议室开会. There is going to be a meeting
to tell you .
We are going to have a meeting …… We have decided to have a meeting …
in Room 3 at half past four .
4. 报告的内容是如何学习英语, 将由来自美国的 史密斯先生演讲. The report is on how to learn English，
__________________________________________ Which will be given by Mr Smith, who comes
_________________________________________ 5.大家知道这是一个学习英勇的好机会. As you know, ______________________________
it is a good chance for us to learn English . _________________________________________ from American .
6. 请大家带好笔记本记好笔记. Please take your notebooks with you and make notes _____________during the report .
7.会后我们将分班进行讨论 , 请大家做好准备 We’ll have a discussion in class after the report , get ready for it .\ prepare for it Please_______________________________
8.听报告期间请关闭手机 , 以免影响他人. Please turn \ shut \ switch off your cellphone during the report in case it interrupts others. 9.请互相转告, 按时出席.
get there on time Please tell it to each other and_______________.
Dear Bob, Thank you for your last letter asking about our library. Our library is in the center of the school. There is a beautiful garden in front of it and our classroom building is right behind it. The library is big. When you get inside, you will see many shelves full of books on different subjects. There are also lots of newspapers and magazines. We borrow books and do some reading in the library. According to the rule, every student can borrow up to 5 books each time and keep them for 10 days. It is open from 9 am to 7 pm from Monday to Friday and closed on weekends. We all like our library very much. Best wishes, Li Hua
假设你是李华，作为选派的交流学生在美国某中学学习了 一年，寄住在Mr. Brown家里，刚回到国内。回国后你发 现自己的一本英语词典遗忘在他家，因此给他写一封信， 请他帮助寄回词典。信的主要内容如下： 感谢在美国期间他所提供的帮助。 一本英语词典忘记带回。词典是美国老师送的，非常珍贵。 词典很可能丢在卧室的书架上。邮资自己付。 注意： 1词数100左右；信的开头和结尾已为你写好。 2可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3．参考词汇：邮资—postage Dear Mr. Brown,
Dear Mr. Brown, I'm now safely back home. Thank you very much for all the kindness I got from you during my stay. Hope everything is fine with you there. Now I wonder whether I could ask you a favour. When I came back, I suddenly realizes that I had left my English dictionary behind at your place. It is a precious gift from mu American teacher. Would you please be so kind as to send it back to me? I'll pay for the postage. The dictionary must be on the bookshelf in my bedroom. It is the one with a red cover. Thanks and all the best. Yours; Lihua
假如你是Mary， 在报纸上看到一则招聘售货员的广告， 你觉得这个工作很适合你， 于是决定写一封应聘信。
内容：1. 信息的来源及你的想法 2. 自我介绍 3. 你的设想或计划 注意：1. 语言通顺 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯 3. 词数100左右，开头和结尾以给出，不计入总词数 4. 不得使用真实姓名或学校名称
Dear Mr. Smith,
My name is Mary. I am very glad to write to you. _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________
I hope to get your reply soon. Thank you! Yours sincerely, Mary
Dear Mr. Smith,
My name is Mary. I am very glad to write to you. Yesterday I read about your advertisement in the newspaper, saying that you want a salesgirl. I think that I am suitable for the job.
I an a girl of 21 years old and graduated from college last year. Now I work as a secretary in a company, but I want to leave because I think it is very boring.
Please believe that I will be a good salesgirl and that I will obey the rules of your company. Meanwhile, I will try my best to do my work well. If you give me the chance to work with you in your company, please inform me by writing to No. 176, Sunlight Rd. Changsha City or call me at 159--I hope to get your reply soon . Thank you! Yours sincerely, Mary
假如你是李明，是一所高中的英语校报记者， 请你围绕“杜绝校园不文明行为”这个主题， 用英语给全校同学写一封倡议书。内容包括： 1、不乱扔垃圾或随地吐痰； 2、在食堂吃饭时不要大声喧哗； 3、不要在校园墙壁上乱画或到处粘贴小广告； 4、尊重他人，共同创造文明的校园环境。
注意： 1、词数100左右； 2、开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear fellow students, ___________________________________ ___________________________________
? ? ? ? ?
可以从三个层次来安排这篇短文： 一是写倡议书的目的； 二是分步分点提出倡议； 三是提出总的希望。 因为是号召性的文章，适当使用祈使 句或一般现在时态。
关键词和短语： 1. bad manners,well-mannered students 2. firstly/secondly/thirdly/lastly 3. drop litter on the ground,spit on the ground 4. are considered … 5. talk loudly in the dining hall 6. draw on the school walls，put up ads here and there， 7. respect others, think of other’s feeling，work together to create…civilized campus
? 【佳作欣赏】 Dear,fellow students, Displaying bad manners in campus can cause a series of problems.I hope every student can understand this and try to be a well-mannered person. Firstly,we musn?t drop litter on the ground or spit on the floor.They are bad habits and considered impolite. Secondly,we should not talk loudly in the canteen as this often makes people uncomfortable. Lastly,it is common to see some students draw on the scool walls or put up ads here and there.We have to stop doing this for a clean and beautiful cmapus.
Let?s respect others, think of other?s feelings and work together to create a more civilized campus environment. Yours, Li Ming
高级句式包括：定语从句，名词性从句，状语 从句，强调句，倒装句，省略句，虚拟语气， 介词with的复合结构及非谓语动词的用法
I am Lihua ,a Chinese student taking summer course in England ,who has some difficulties and asks for help .
? （2011 全国卷2） ? 最吸引人的地方是名人成功的事迹,这些 事迹让我明白一个人如何努力工作使世界 更美好. ? What attracts me is the stories of famous people ,which help me understand how a person can work hard to make the world a better place .
? (2011江苏卷开放作文母亲为女儿拿下 书包) ? 是我的母亲每天尽她所能给我最好 _______________ ? It is my mother that does whatever she can to let me have the best .
是我的老师开阔了（widen ）我的视野。 ______ 他们使我的生活多彩。 __________________________________ It is my teachers who widen my views . _____ It is they that make my life colorful ____________________________________ (用两个强调句)
In no case (By no means ,at no time ) does anyone litter everywhere in the school .Only in this way can we have a more beautiful school . Only + 状语(介词短语, 副词, 状语从句等) 放于 句首,起强调作用时, 主谓半倒装.
? ______________ 通过自己的努力我能实现自己的梦 想。 Only by working hard will I make my ? ____________________________ dream come true ? ____________________________
All the people here like the novel . It is written by Tom. All the people here like the novel
written by Tom _______________________.
我们应该多讲英语．我们认为这是很重要的． We should speak more English. We think
it is very important.
We think it very important to _____________________________________ speak more English. _____________________________________ it做形式宾语
How should we improve our spoken English? It is a question. 转换 （１） How to improve our spoken _____________________________ English is a question. _____________________________ 不定式短语做主语 （２） The question is how to improve _____________________________ our spoken English. _____________________________ 不定式短语做表语
When we got to the school gate it was eight.
When we saw our teacher, we had to say sorry (apologize) to her for our being late.
When we got to the school gate it Seeing our teacher was eight.___________________,we had to say sorry for our being late.
The firefighters came here in time .They helped us a lot .
The firefighters? coming here ________________________ in time helped us a lot.
2. The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.
Because my teacher helps me ,my English has greatly improved
With my teacher?s help (with the help ___________________________________ of my teacher),
I have made great progress in my English.
我已经意识到我错了，并且我许诺不再犯同样的 错误。 I have realized I was wrong and I have promised that I won?t do that again. I have realized that that what I did is wrong and I promise _____________________________________ not to do that again . _____________________________________
特殊句式. there +be 句型 There be /seems to be /seemed to be /happened to be /may be /might be/must be /can?t be /ought to be/should be
(1)我的家乡经常下雨 There is a lot of rain in my home town.=It often rains in my home town.
There happened to be a lot of people on the playground.
How beautiful the park is ! How fast the player runs! What an interesting film it is!
=How interesting an film it is!
Jack studies in our school .He studies very hard. Jack studies in our school
works hard at his lessons. .He____________________
Ｍother went to work. She didn?t have breakfast. 转换1. Mother went to work
in a hurry without having breakfast.
转换2 ____________________________ Mother hurried to work without having breakfast. ______________________________
3, 汤姆努力学习中文．他想在中国找份 工作．
Tom studies Chinese very hard .He wants to find a job in China. Tom studies Chinese very hard in order to /so as to __________________find a job in China. Tom studies Chinese very hard with the purpose of ________________finding a job in China.
适宜使用复合句的情况. 简单句较多时,换用复合句. 例一杰克来自加拿大,他在我们学校已经学习 了3年,他不仅经常帮助我们学英语,而且中文 也讲得很不错. 一般 Jack is from Canada. He has studied in our school for three years. He often helps us learn English. He speaks Chinese very well. 较好 Jack is a student of our school ,who comes from Canada .He has studied in our school for three years. He often helps us learn English, and he speaks Chinese very well.
我们学校是一所新建的 寄宿制高中，又大又漂 亮，非常现代化．我以 前从未见过如此好的学 校．学校有２０００多 名学生，１５０余名老 师．老师待我们既严格 又友好．我们的课堂生 动有趣，我们的校园生 活丰富多彩．我爱我们 的学校．
一般表达 Our school is a newly built boarding high school .It is large and beautiful. It is quite modern. I have never seen such a nice school before .Our school has more than 2000 students and more than 150 teachers. Our teachers are strict and friendly to us. Our classes are lively and interesting .Our school life is rich and colourful .I really like our new school .
高级表达 Our school is a newly built boarding high school. I t is large and beautiful .Of course it is quite modern. To tell you the truth, never have I seen such a nice school before. There are more than 2000 students in our school. And our teachers , over150, are strict but friendly to all of us .To our great joy ,not only our classes are lively and interesting, but also our school life is rich and colourful. How I like our school!
段落练笔2 李东是一个很不错的中学生。他学习成绩好， 尤其是数学和英语．他乐于助人，从不和他人 争吵．但是，李东不怎么喜欢体育锻炼，除了 体育课之外，很少能在运动场上见到他的人影 儿．不过，李东的象棋倒是下得很棒． 一般表达 LiDong is a good middle school student. He is good at his lessons .He is very good at maths and English. He often helps others .He seldom quarrels with others .But he doesn’t like sports.He has to have PE class.We seldom see him on the playground .But he is very good at chess.
As well know ,Li Dong is a good middle school student, for he does well in almost all his subjects ,especially maths and English. He is always ready to help others and never does he quarrel with his classmates .However ,Li Dong doesn’t go in for sports and seldom does he appear on the playground except that there is a PE class. But then he plays chess very well.
显而易见，英语越来越重要．上星期六，我们 邀请张教授给我们作了一场如何学好英语的报 告．这个报告对同学们的帮助很大．许多同学 现在每天多花一个小时的时间学英语．
一般表达 Clearly ,English is more and more important .Last Saturday we invited Professor Zhang to give us a report oh how to learn English well. His report helps us a lot .Now many students spend one more hour in learning English.
高级表达 It is clear that English is more and more important .Last Saturday we invited Professor Zhang to give us a report on how to learn English well. What he said does help us a lot. It is said that many students spend one more hour in learning English from now on.
式） 我是一名即将毕业的高三学生 毕业即将来临,在这里向我的老师深 表谢意, 是老师的教诲使我长大成 人。我意识到，只有掌握了知识， 才能改变命运(fate).
I am a senior 3 student who will graduate from my school . With the coming of graduation, Here I show my deep thanks to my teachers .It is my teachers that make me grow up . I realize only by having knowledge can I change my fate .
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