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定语从句与易混句型


一、定语从句常易混淆句型分析

1.(1) I still remember the days _______ I C worked with the farmers. (2) I still remember the days _______ I A spent with the farmers A.which B. on which C. when D. what A 2. (1) We were on the way ______ it began to rain. B (2) I don’t like the way _____ you speak to your parents. A. when B. that C. how D. which

3. (1)The teacher didn’t know the reason _____ B she was absent yesterday. (2)The teacher couldn’t accept the reason C ______ she explained yesterday. A. how B. why C. that D. who D 4. (1)Is this school _____ you ever visited? (2)Is this the school _____ you ever studied? A B (3)Is this the school in _____ you ever studied? A. where B. which C. that D. the one

5. (1)This is ______ he said at he meeting C yesterday. A (2)This is all ____ he said at the meeting yesterday. A. that B. which C. what D. how 6. (1) _____ is reported in the newspapers, they B have beaten all the other teams. A (2) ____ is reported in the newspaper that they have beaten all the other teams. (3) ____ is reported in the newspaper is that D they have beaten all the other teams. A. It B. As C. Which D. What

7. (1)It was such an easy question _____ they B could answer. (2)It was such an easy question _____ they A could answer it. A. that B. as C. which D. what 8. (1)That is the house, ______ windows hasn’t C been cleaned for months. D (2)That is the house, ______ the windows hasn’t been cleaned for months. (3)That is the house, but ______ windows A hasn’t been cleaned for months. A. it’s B. its C. whose D. of which

9. (1) John said he’d been working in the office for hours, ______ was true. C (2) John said he’d been working in the office B for hours, but ______ not true. A. he B. it C. which D. who 10. (1) A few people were caught in the big fire, B ____ died. (2) A few people were caught in the big fire, C ____ dead. A. two of who B. two of whom C. two of them D. two of they

11. (1) It was 1945 ______ the World War II C ended. (2) It was in 1945 ______ the World War II A ended. A. that B. which C. when D. at which D 12. (1) Do you know the girl ______ calling herself Miss Forgetful? A (2) Do you know the girl ______ calls herself Miss Forgetful? A. who B. whom C. she D. /

13. (1) Don’t talk about such things ______ you C are not sure of. A (2) Don’t talk about such things of _____ you are not sure. A. which B. what C. as D. those B 14. (1) He wrote the best composition, ____ surprised all of us. (2) He wrote the best composition ____ we A all read just now. A. that B. which C. it D. /

二、定语从句常见错误分析
1.定语从句中代词或状语与关系词重复 定语从句中代词或状语与关系词重复
1)误: The watch which my sister gave it to me 误 as a present was made in Swiss. 正: The watch which my sister gave to me as a present was made in Swiss. 2)误: That's the hotel where we spent three 误 days there. 正: That's the hotel where we spent three days.

2. 先行词与定语从句位于动词的主谓关系
1)误: Those who breaks the rule should be 误 punished. 正: Those who break the rule should be punished. 2)误: She is the only one of the students who 误 are able to play the guitar. 正: She is the only one of the students who is able to play the guitar.

3. 介词误用
1)误: This is the very ruler for which I'm 误 looking. 正: This is the very ruler which I'm looking for. 2) 误: The stories about the Long March, for which this is an example, are well written. 正: The stories about the Long March, of which this is an example, are well written.

4. 关系词省略错误
1) 误: Anyone breaks the law must be punished. 正: Anyone who breaks the law must be punished. 2) 误: Is this the factory you worked five years ago? 正: Is this the factory where/at which you worked five years ago?

5. 其他错误
1) 误: All which you have done is not necessary. 正: All that you have done is not necessary. 2) 误: Great changes have taken place in the city where we visited last year. 正: Great changes have taken place in the city that we visited last year.

3)误: Mr White is the only person in his office 误 which was invited to the party. 正: Mr White is the only person in his office who/that was invited to the party. 4)误: They are talking about the people and 误 things which they saw on their way home. 正: They are talking about the people and things that they saw on their way home.

5)误: This is the very present which my 误 mother gave me. 正: This is the very present that my mother gave me. 6)误: Which is the bike which is made in 误 Shanghai? 正: Which is the bike that is made in Shanghai?

7)误: This is the most beautiful dress which 误 I own. 正: This is the most beautiful dress that I own. 8)误: Mrs Brown has made the same mistakes 误 like Mr Brown. 正: Mrs Brown has made the same mistakes as Mr Brown.

9)误: The old man whom I think is dying is 误 really very strong in face. 正: The old man who I think is dying is really very strong in face. 10)误 10)误: He is not the man who he was before. 正: He is not the man that he was before.

11) 误: The house which roof was damaged has now been repaired. 正: The house whose roof was damaged has now been repaired. 12) 误: Hangzhou is a city which there is a beautiful lake . 正: Hangzhou is a city where there is a beautiful lake.

13) 误: Those that want to buy the house may sign their names first. 正: Those who want to buy the house may sign their names first. 14) 误: My sister, who you met in Guangzhou, has bought a new car. 正: My sister, whom you met in Guangzhou, has bought a new car.

15) 误: That's the way which they work. 正: That's the way (that/in which) they work.

三、定语从句与强调句型的区别
1. 误: It was yesterday when he came here. 正: It was yesterday that he came here (强调时间 强调时间) 强调时间 2. 误: Was it because he was ill why he didn't come to work? 正: Was it because he was ill that he didn't come to work? (强调原因 强调原因) 强调原因

3. 误: It was the war which made the children orphans. 正: It was the war that made the children orphans.(强调事物 强调事物) 强调事物 4. It was I that (who) went to the Great Wall with him on Sunday. (强调人 强调人) 强调人 5. It was me that (who,whom) he cheated. 他欺骗的是我。 强调人 强调人) 他欺骗的是我。 (强调人

定语从句的关系词较多, 如关系代词:that,which, 定语从句的关系词较多 如关系代词 who(m),whose, as, 关系副词 关系副词where,when,why等。 等 关联词在从句中所起的作用不同: 关联词在从句中所起的作用不同 that在引导 在引导 强调句型时, 在从句中代替被强调部分作主语、 强调句型时 在从句中代替被强调部分作主语、 宾语或状语; 宾语或状语 而定语从句中关系代词在从句中 一般作主语、宾语、表语 宾语时可省略 宾语时可省略), 一般作主语、宾语、表语(宾语时可省略 关系副词在从句中作状语。 关系副词在从句中作状语。


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