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2011届高考英语语法考前复习课件-形容词副词 (1)


四、形容词、副词
1.(2009· 湖北,28)The questionnaire takes C ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used along with the assessment interview.? A.Mainly B.punctually? C.approximately D.precis

ely? 解析 mainly主要地;punctually准时地; approximately大约;precisely精确地;确切地。 由句中的ten to fifteen minutes可知,此处是 “大约”估计的时间而不是确切的时间。

2.(2009· 湖南,24)I can

C

be a teacher.I’m

not a very patient person.?
A.seldom B.ever

?C.never

D.always?

解析 根据后臵语境I’m not a very patient person.可知,前句句意应为:我永远不会成为 一名老师。表示全部否定含义用never。

3.(2009· 江苏,27)Compared with his sister,Jerry is even more problems.? A.sceptical C.available 解析 B.addicted? D.sensitive? D to,and more easily troubled by emotional and relationship

sceptical怀疑的;addicted上瘾的;

available可用的;sensitive敏感的。根据词义 本题应该选D项。句意为:与他的姐姐相比, Jerry在情绪和关系问题上更敏感,更容易受到

困扰。

4.(2008· 湖北,29)As he works in a remote area, he visits his parents only A.occasionally A .?

B.anxiously?

C.practically
解析

D.urgently?

occasionally adv.偶尔地;anxiously ?

adv.焦急地;practically adv.实用地,实际
地;urgently adv.紧急地。句意:因为他在 一个边远的地区工作,所以他只能偶尔地回去看 望他的父母。

5.(2009· 江西,32)Frank put the medicine in a

top drawer to make sure it would not be A
to the kids.? A.accessible C.acceptable B.relative? D.sensitive?

解析 句意为:弗兰克把药放到最上面的抽屉 里,确保它不被孩子们够到。accessible意为 “易接近的”;relative意为“相对的,比较 的”;

acceptable意为“合意的,受欢迎的,可接受
的”;sensitive意为“敏感的”。根据句意应 该

6.(2009· 辽宁,25)Usually John would be late
for meetings.But this time, B to my

surprise,he arrived on time.?
A.little C.ever B.much D.even?

解析 句意为:约翰开会通常会迟到,但这一 次,令我非常吃惊的是,他按时到会了。修饰 “toone’s+情感名词”用副词much。

7.(2008· 福建,26)In spite of repeated wrongs
done to him,he looks him.? A to people greeting

A.friendly
C.worried 解析

B.lively
D.cold?

in spite of 是解题的关键词,“尽管反

复被冤枉,他看起来还是……”,由此排除C、D 两项;friendly友好的;lively活泼的,表示他

自己的情况,并不涉及“people greeting him”。

8.(2009· 安徽,24)— Do you think it’s a good

idea to make friends with your students?
?—

C

,I do.I think it’s a great idea.? B.Obviously? D.Generally?

A.Really C.Actually 解析

句意为:——你认为和你的学生交朋友是

个好主意吗?——我认为是个好主意。由下句肯 定回答可知赞同对方的观点,故用actually。

9.(2009· 天津,12)It was a nice house,but C too small for a family of five.? A.rarely C.rather B.fairly D.pretty?

解析

rarely很少;fairly相当;rather相当;

pretty很;相当。rather可以与比较级、too及动

词连用,而fairly与pretty则不能。句意
为:……,但对于一个五口之家来说太小了。

10.(2009· 天津,13)I’m not surprised that he became a writer.Even as a child he had a D A.clear C.funny imagination.? B.cautious? D.vivid?

解析

clear清晰的;cautious小心谨慎的;

funny滑稽的;vivid丰富的;生动的。have a

vivid imagination有丰富的想象力。

11.(2009· 浙江,15)John is very

C

—if he

promises to do something he’ll do it. A.independent C.reliable 解析 B.confident? D.flexible?

句意为:约翰非常可靠,他答应的事情

就一定会做到。independent独立的;confident 有信心的;reliable可靠的;flexible灵活的。

12.(2009· 浙江,19)In the good care of the nurses,the boy is A.quietly C.practically

D

recovering from

his heart operation.? B.actually? D.gradually

? 解析

句意为:心脏手术后在护士们的精心护理

下,这个男孩渐渐地痊愈了。quietly静静地; actually实际上;practically实际地; gradually逐渐地。

13.(2008· 山东,33)Would it be

D

for you

to pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport?? A.free C.handy ? 解析 B.vacant D.convenient

句意为:4点钟你来接我再送我去机场方

便吗?free自由的;vacant未被占用的;handy

手边的,附近的;convenient便利的,方便的。

14.(2009· 福建,30)It seems that living green is

C

easy and affordable.A small step B.fortunately? D.hardly?

makes a big difference.?
A.exactly C.surprisingly

解析

句意为:看来绿色生活是出人意料的容

易和可以负担得起费用的,很小的一个步骤会 带来很大的差异。由下句“A small step makes a big difference.”可知此处选择

surprisingly出人意料地;exactly确切地;
fortunately幸运地。

15.(2009· 全国Ⅰ,23)How much looked without her glasses!? A.well C.best ? 解析 B.good D.better

D

she

句意为:她不戴眼镜看起来好看多了!

much修饰比较级,故只有better正确。

形容词、副词比较级、最高级的常用句型及用法 1.在表示比较的句型中,要注意than,as前后的比 较对象的一致性。 The director gave me a better offer than C . A.that of Dick’s C.that he gave Dick ?解析 B.Dick’s D.those of Dick

A、B、D都是Dick的条件或Dick提供的条件,

只有C“他提供给Dick的条件”才能与前面的“他提供 给我的条件”进行比较。

2.“the+比较级”特指两人或两个事物中较为突出 的一个。 If the manager had to choose between the two,he would say John was the better choice.? 如果经理必须在两个中选一个的话,那么他认为约 翰好一些。 3. 除了 “the+最高级”外,最高级还有其它表达方 式。如:否定词never与比较级连用、比较级+than any other+名词单数、比较级+than any of the other+名词复数、比较级+than anyone else等。 How beautifully she sings!I have never heard a better voice.? 她唱得太美了!我从来没听过这么好听的嗓音。

4. 含有名词的 as...as 结构需要注意词序的问题:

句型 a as+ adj . +a/an+名词单数+as=a+名词单
数+as+ adj .+as? He is as honest a man as you.?

(=He is a man as honest as you.)?
他和你一样诚实。 句型 b as many+名词复数+as?

as much+(a/an)+名词+as?
It is generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science.? 人们普遍认为教学既是一种艺术也是一门科学。

句型 c 倍数+as+ adj . +名词+as?

After the new technique was introduced,the
factory produced twice as many tractors in 2007 as the year before.? 自从引进新技术之后,这家工厂2007年生产的拖 拉机数量是上一年的两倍。? 5. as...as,(not)so...as结构中的形容词、副词只 能用原级,不能用比较级。 John plays football as well as,if not better

than,David.?
约翰的足球踢得和戴维一样好。?

6. senior(年长的;高级的),junior(年幼的;

初级的),superior(优越的),inferior(下等的,
低劣的)等词与to连用,表示比较级。? He is three years senior to me.他比我大三岁。 ? 7. 注意下列结构中各个词的排列顺序: (1)what+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数?

(2)what+形容词+不可数名词/名词复数?
(3)such+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数? (4)such+形容词+不可数名词/名词复数

(5)no such+名词(名词前不能加冠词)

(6)so many/so much/so few/so little+名词 (其中的many,much,few,little等词都表“多少”之 意,little还可当“小”解释,这时用such little+名 词)。 Oh,John,what a pleasant surprise you gave me! 哦,约翰,你给了我们一个大惊喜!? Can you believe that in such a rich country there should be so many poor people?? 你能想像在这样一个富裕的国家里还有那么多的 穷人吗?? As I know,there is no such car in this neighborhood.? 据我所知,这附近没有这样的一辆车。? It was so bad a day that I didn’t want to do anything.? 今天太糟糕了,我什么也不想做。

同级比较的用法易错点?

Our neighbor has
A.as a big house as B.as big a house as

ours.?

C.the same big house as D.a house the same big as

本题是对同级比较as...as...结构的考查,

是同级比较问题中的一个特殊结构:as+adj.
+a/an+可数名词单数+as。 【解题探究】B。英语中常用的相关结构有:?

(1)so+adj .+a/an+可数名词单数。?
so good a book如此好的一本书(相当于such a good book)? (2)too+ adj .?+a/an+可数名词单数。? too fine a day特别好的一天?

(3)how+adj .+a/an+可数名词单数+it is。? How fine a day it is!多么好的天气!(相当于

What a fine day it is!)
?形容词和副词的比较等级易错点? —Did you enjoy yourself at the party?? —Yes,I’ve never been to? A. a more excited one before.?

B.the most excited?
C.a more exciting D.the most exciting?

考生易误选A项或D项,其实本题是对形容
词比较级及动词-ing型、动词-ed 型形容词的 考查。动词-ed 型形容词表示被动的含义,多

用于说明人的感受,意为“(人)感到……”;
动词-ing 型形容词表示主动的含义,多用于说 明事物的性质,意为“令人……”。由于题中的 one 指代 party ,为表示事物的词语,故选项 A 和 B 首先被排除;分析句意“我还从没有去 过比这更让人兴奋的聚会”可知,横线处应为 一个比较级结构,故选项 C 为本题的正确答案。

【解题探究】C。在英语中,表达最高级含义时,除 了可以直接使用最高级外,还可以使用“否定词+


较级”结构。若该比较级后修饰一个可数名词单 数,它前面通常要用不定冠词a或an。? Bob ran the 100 meters in 9.91 seconds,and I have not seen better this year.? Bob在9.91秒的时间内跑完了100米,今年我没有 见到比这更好的成绩。

?

more than,not better than等结构的误用 —Do you need any help,Lucy?? —Yes.The job is I could do myself.? A.less than B.more than? C.no more than D.not more than

在英语中,less than意为“少于”,more than 意为“超过”,no more than 意为“仅

仅”,not more than 意为“不超过”。由
“你需要帮助吗,Lucy?”及“是的。这份工 作超出了我的个人能力。”可知,选项B为本题 的正确答案。

【解题探究】 B。在英语中,more than,not more than等是常用、常考的结构,考生应予以重视。? (1)less than...意为“少于……”。? It had cost Tom less than five dollars.? 汤姆花了不到五美元买了这件东西。? (2)not less than...意为“不少于……,至 少……”,表示客观陈述。 He is not less than 80 years old.他至少80岁。?

(3)no less than...意为“多达……,竟有……之 多”,表示数量很多。?

No less than a thousand people came.?
来的人竟有一千人之多。 (4)no less...than...意为“正像……那样……, 同……一样……”,含有强调的意味。? English is no less important than maths.英语同 数学一样重要。??

(5)not less...than...意为“不亚于……”,表示客 观陈述。? English is not less important than maths.? 英语的重要性不亚于数学。 (6)more than...意为“超过,不仅仅,非常”等。 There are more than fifty students in the class. 这个班有50多个学生。(more than这时多与数词 连用) ? Peace is much more than the absence of war.和 平不仅仅是意味着没有战争。(more than这时多与 名词连用)? She is more than selfish.她非常自私。(more than这时多与形容词连用)??

(7)more A than B意为“与其说是B,不如说是 A”,其中的A和B为相同的结构。? It is more a poem than a picture.? 与其说这是一幅画,不如说是一首诗。? (8)not more than...意为“不超过……,不多

于……”,表示客观陈述。?
I have not more than ten books in my bag.? 我的书包里的书不多于10本。?

(9)no more than...意为“仅仅……,正好……”,
强调数量少。? I have no more than ten books in my bag.?

我的书包里的书仅仅有10本。?

(10)not more...than...意为“不比……更……”, 表示客观描述。? Tom isn’t more clever than Jim.汤姆不比吉姆更聪 明。 (11)no more...than...意为“和……一样都 不……”,含有强调的意味。? Tom is no more clever than Jim.汤姆和吉姆一样 都不聪明。(=Tom is not clever any more than Jim.)? (12)“more than+主语+can/could+do+...”结构 意为“(主语)不能够……”。本例题便是对该种结 构的考查。? The beauty of Hangzhou is more than words can describe.? 杭州的美景是语言所不能描述的。

形容词和副词的一些固定用法的误用 —Must I turn off the gas after cooking?? —Of course.You can never be careful with that. ? A.Enough B.too C.so D.very

本题是对英语中固定句型“cannot/can never be too...”的考查,意为“越……越好”

或“再……也不过分”。

【解题探究】 B。too...to...结构是中学阶段一个很
常用的结构,意为“太……而不能……”,是一个否 定的结构。但在下面的情况下却表示肯定的含义: (1)当在该结构中的too或to前加上否定词not或 never等时,该结构即为表示肯定含义的结构。

cannot/can never...too...to...为常见的用法,它可
以与cannot/can never...?enough to...?结构进行 转化。When crossing the street,you can never

be too careful/careful enough.你过马路时,越小
心越好。

(2)当too...to...结构中的副词too后接 apt,ready,anxious, eager,glad,willing等形容词时, 该结构表达的即为肯定的含义。? She is too willing to marry him.她很愿意嫁给他。 (3)当too...to...结构中的副词too前面有

all,but,only,quite等修饰时,该结构表达的也为肯定
的含义。? I am only too pleased to help you.我很高兴帮助 您。?

多个形容词作定语时的排序问题?
This girl is Linda’s cousin.?

A.pretty little Spanish
B.Spanish little pretty?

C.Spanish pretty little
D.little pretty Spanish

考生易错选D项。原因是对此类题的排序把 握不清。本题是对多个形容词作定语时排序问 题的考查。pretty为主观描绘性的形容词, little为表示大小的形容词,Spanish为表示国 籍的形容词,根据英语语法知识可知,选项A为

本题的正确答案。

【解题探究】A。在高考英语中,多个形容词作名词

的定语时的排序问题是常考问题。形容词的排序规
则如下:? 主观描绘性质、特征的形容词(如pretty)→描写尺 寸大小的形容词(如little)→描写形状的形容词 (如round)→描写年龄的形容词(如young)→描 写颜色的形容词(如green)→描写国籍、地区、出 处的形容词(如Spanish)→描写制造材料的形容词 (如wooden)→描写用途的名词、动名词或形容词

(如a waiting room中的waiting)。有口诀如下:

限定描写大小高,? 形状年龄和新老。?

颜色国籍出材料,?
作用类别往后靠。? 多个形容词作定语时,形容词之间通常不用加and; 但是,当这些形容词为表示同一方面的形容词(如 颜色等)时,这些形容词之间通常要加and,例如: a black and white cat(一只黑白相间的猫)。

单项填空逻辑型? 任何语言表达都是有语境和逻辑关系的,只要 弄清选项与题干内容之间的逻辑关系,就能选出正 确答案,因此可以根据上下文的信息进行相关推理, 分析它们之间的逻辑关系。?

语篇逻辑关系? 单项填空题中语篇逻辑关系信息主要指承接语 意的关联词,常见的关联词通常用来表达因果、顺 承、转折、递进、让步、比较、归纳等关系。这些

题目选项往往非常类似,迷惑性很强,考生必须理
清前后的逻辑关系才能找出正确答案。? — Can all the donation be delivered to the earthquake-stricken area? ? — Hard to say.Even if only 1% can reach them,I

am still glad to do it,as the saying
goes,“ ”.

A.The more,the better B.Easier said than done? C.Better late than never D.Better than nothing 答案 D

解析

考查语篇逻辑。答语的句意为:很难说。但

即使只有百分之一的捐献能到达灾民手中,我仍会 很高兴地捐助。正如谚语所说——有总比没有好。

根据句意可知,此处应用“Better than nothing.”。
The more,the better.越多越好;Easier said than done.说时容易做时难;Better late than

never.迟做总比不做好。

常见语篇逻辑关系的关联词语? (1)表示程度递进:besides,what’s more,what’s worse,in addition,furthermore,moreover,especially,in particular,even,to make matters worse;? (2)表示解释说明:for example,for instance,such as,in this case,in

fact,actually,namely,take... for example;?
(3)表示因果关系:because,because of,since,now that,as,thanks to,due to,therefore,as a result(of),for this reason;?

(4)表示转折关系:

but,however,while,though,or,otherwise,on the
contrary,on the other hand,despite,in spite of,? even though,?except (for),instead,unfortunately; (5)表示条件关系:as(so)long as,on condition that,if,unless,suppose,in case;? (6)表示让步关系:though,although,as,even if,even

though,however,whoever,whatever,whichever,whe
rever,whenever,no matter how (who,what,which,where,when,whom);

(7)表示比较关系:be similar to,similarly,the

same as,compared with(to),just like,just as,be
equal to,be superior to,be inferior to;?

(8)表示强调:indeed,in fact,surely,certainly,no
doubt,without any doubt,truly,obviously;?

(9)表示概括归纳:in a word,in short,on the
whole,generally speaking,in summary,in

conclusion。?

非谓语动词与被修饰成分间的关系?

在解答非谓语动词类的题时,辨清其与逻辑主
语之间的关系是答题的关键。? B of stealing money from the bank,he was B.Accused? D.To accuse

questioned by the police.? A.Accusing C.Having accused 解析

此题考查非谓语动词的用法。accuse与he在

逻辑上是动宾关系,故应用其过去分词的形式表被

动。accuse sb.of doing sth.意为“控告某人干某
事”。

解答这样的题应注意:?

(1)动词-ing形式在句中作状语时,和句中的主语
在逻辑上是主谓关系;作定语时,和被修饰的词在 逻辑上是主谓关系;作宾补时,与宾语在逻辑上是 主谓关系。(2)过去分词作状语时,与句中的主语 在逻辑上是动宾关系;作定语时,和被修饰的词 在逻辑上是动宾关系;作宾补时,与宾语在逻辑上 是动宾关系。(3)不定式的主动式作状语时,不定 式与句中的主语在逻辑上是主谓关系;如果不定式

和主语在逻辑上是动宾关系,用不定式的被动式。
答案 B

1.(2009· 金丽衢十二校二次联考) —What do you think of the blind man?

—I’ve never seen a man with B
touch. A.the better C.a good

sense of

B.a better? D.the best

解析 此处的比较级表示最高级,答语意为:我 从来没见过触觉比这个盲人更好的人。

2.(2009· 金丽衢十二校二次联考 ) These people were mentioned at the meeting, Helen and Brown.? D ,Tom,

A.specially
C.simply

B.especially?
D.namely

解析

考查副词。句意为:这些人在会议上被提

到了,即Tom,Helen和Brown。namely是副词,意 为“即,也就是”。

3.(2009· 金丽衢十二校二次联考) — Will you be manager.? A this afternoon,John? —It depends.I’m afraid I’ll be called by my

A.available
C.convenient ?解析

B.suitable?
D.accurate

考查形容词。available可用到的,可利用

的,有空的;suitable适当的;相配的;
convenient便利的,方便的;accurate正确的, 精确的。这里的意思是“你今天下午有空吗?”

4.(2009· 温州市二次适应性测试 ) Do you have any seats

A

on the flight for Mexico

leaving at 3∶16 pm??

A.available
C.acceptable ?解析

B.accessible?
D.adaptable

该题考查形容词。available可用的,有效

的;accessible可得到的,可进入的;acceptable 合意的,可接受的;adaptable能适应的;可改编

的。根据语境可知A项正确。

5.(2009· 杭州二次质检) The rainy season is coming and let’s make full use of the days to dry whatever is needed.? A.few last sunny C.last sunny few B.last few sunny? D.sunny last few B

解析
(观

该题考查词序。依据“县(限定词)官

或评价性形容词)行(形状大小)令(年龄及 新旧)杀(颜色)国(国家或出处)材(材料)” 这一口诀可知此处应选B。

6.(2009· 杭州二次质检) Experts warn that
global warming will cause dramatic climate changes including more waves and droughts.? A.usual B.ordinary? C floods,heat

C.frequent

D.common

解析 该题考查形容词。usual经常的;ordinary 普通的;frequent频繁的;common平常的,共同

的。由语境“全球变暖会导致气候的巨大变化,
包 括频繁的洪涝……”可知,只有C项符合语境。

7.(2009· 杭州二次质检 ) When it was his turn

to deliver his speech,

D

,he walked

towards the microphone.? A.nervously and embarrassingly? B.nervous and embarrassedly? C.nervously and embarrassing?

D.nervous and embarrassed
解析 该题考查形容词作状语。形容词一般作定 语,但也可作状语。如:He lay in bed,awake.再

如:Her husband came back,drunk.。

8.(2009· 安徽名校联考(二) ) The question is far from being settled.We shall, A ,return to

this at our next meeting,as there is much to be
discussed today.?

A.therefore
C.otherwise 解析

B.however
D.besides

考查副词辨析。句意为:这个问题远没有

被解决,今天有许多问题要讨论,因此我们下次开 会再讨论它。

9.(2009· 皖南八校三次联考 )

—So big a whale!It weighs 10 tons. ?
—Yes.I have never seen C one.?

A.a heavy
C.a heavier

B.the heaviest?
D.heaviest

解析

否定词+比较级相当于最高级。句意为:我

从未见过一只更大的鲸(这是我见过的最大的)。

10.(2009· 皖南八校三次联考 ) Every member

tries their best to finish the important work,
C time.? A.therefore C.otherwise B.meanwhile? D.somehow they aren’t permitted to go home on

解析

therefore因此;meanwhile同时;

otherwise否则,不然;somehow用某种方法。这 里用C,语意为“否则他们就不能准时回家”。

11.(2009· 合肥市三次质检) No technology has

ever developed
21st century.?

C

as that in IT in the

A.too fast
C.so fast

B.faster
D.fastest

? 解析
as/so+?

表示“前者不如后者”用句型“not

adj .”或“ adv .原级+as+比较对象”。

12.(2009· 南京二次调研) — Why don’t you do some shopping in the second-hand store? ? —Well,the goods there are ,but . A.more expensive;worse B.more expensive;not as bad? C.cheaper;good enough D.cheaper;not as good ? 答案 D 解析 考查形容词的比较级。解答本题的关键在 于并列连词but。根据语境“那儿的货物(价格) 比较便宜,但(质量)不如……”可知,D项正确。

13.(2009· 沈阳二次质检 ) If you sleep short of 7 hours,you are three times cold.? A.possible B.certainly D to catch a

C.probable
? 解析

D.likely

句意为:如果你的睡眠(时间)少于7个

小时,你患感冒的可能性会是(原来的)3倍。 sb.is likely to do sth.是固定表达,表示 “某人有可能做某事”。所以选D项。

14.(2009· 龙岩市质检 ) Swimming is
any to lose unwanted weight.? A.a way as good C.as a way good ? 解析

D

as

B.as a good way? D.as good a way

考查固定短语。as...as表示“和……一

样”,固定表达方式有“as+adj ./adv .+as”、 “as+ adj .+a/an+ n .+as”等。

15.(2009· 福建质检) —The result of the football match is really D .

—I agree.Our team shouldn’t have lost the two
scores.? A.pleasant B.cheerful

C.relaxing
? 解析

D.annoying

形容词辨析。由下文的“Our team

shouldn’t have lost the two scores.”可以看 出,比赛的结果很恼人(annoying)。Pleasant 令人愉快的,舒适的;cheerful愉快的,高兴

的;relaxing放松的。

16.(2008· 福建质检) —Is this the dictionary
you want?? — Oh,that’s not ? A.possibly C what I want.I mean the B.probably New English-Chinese Dictionary.

C.exactly
? 解析 ?

D.generally

副词辨析。由最后一句话“I mean the

New English-Chinese Dictionary?”可以看 出,这并不是答话者想要的那一本。

17. (2008· 山东名校联考(十)) The door doesn’t lock time.? A.easy;unlocking C.easily;unlocking B.easy;unlocked? D.easily;unlocked and remains all the

? 答案
解析

D
考查副词和非谓语动词。句意为:门不易

锁,就一直未锁。

18. (2008· 山东名校联考(十)) — Let’s hurry.Perhaps we can catch the

train. ?
— It’s too late now, A.otherwise C .? B.therefore

C.anyway
? 解析

D.though

句意为:——我们快点吧。可能还能赶

上火车。——无论如何现在太晚了。Otherwise 否则,要不然;therefore因此;anyway不管怎 样,无论如何;though虽然,尽管。根据句意,

C项正确。

19.(2008· 山东名校联考(九)) The teacher’s
encouragement doesn’t D mean your

progress,so you should try your best as well.
? A.necessarily C.formally ? 解析 B.directly? D.hopefully

考查副词用法。句意为:老师的鼓励未必

意味着你的进步,所以你还应该努力。 necessarily意为“必然地”,符合句意。

20.(2008· 山东名校联考(七)) China experienced an earthquake on May 12th,2008,one of the property.? A.bad C.worse B.badly D.worst D disasters in the history,causing heavy losses of lives and

? 解析

考查等级形容词用法。句意暗示比较的范

围,应该用最高级形式。

? Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2009· 山东名校联考(六)) Don’t lose heart,and you should know that on the stage anyone

who performs
A.skillfully C.willingly

A

is sure to win.?
B.commonly D.nervously

?解析

考查副词辨析。句意为:……在舞台上,

任何一个表演娴熟的人都可以赢。skillfully巧 妙地,熟练地;commonly常常,大多数人地,通

常;willingly自动地;欣然地;nervously焦急
地。由题意可知,A项为正确答案。

2.(2009· 山东名校联考(五)) Publishers don’t see e-books as a threat to written books. A ,they see them as an opportunity to

draw in a new generation of readers. ?
A.Instead C.Therefore 解析 B.Anyhow D.Besides

考查副词的区别。根据语句的前后关系判

断,此处表示“没有……而……”,用instead“代

替,反而”表示转折关系。

3. (2009· 山东名校联考(五)) With the aid of this new research,those affected by joint pain could choose an painkillers.? A.alternative C.equal B.automatic? D.abstract

A

treatment besides

解析

考查形容词辨析。句意为:在这项新研究

的帮助下,遭受关节疼痛折磨的人们除了用止痛 药,可以选择替代疗法。alternative别的,供替 代的,符合题意。automatic自动的;无意识的; equal相等的,平等的;abstract抽象的。

4.(2009· 山东名校联考(四)) Smoking is one of the C causes of cancer,killing millions of B.similar? D.chemical?

people each year.?
A.commercial C.major 解析

考查形容词辨析。句意为:吸烟是导致癌症

的主要原因之一,每年有成千上万人死于由吸烟导 致的癌症。major主要的;similar相似的; commercial贸易的,商业的;chemical化学的。根 据题意,C项正确。

5.(2009· 山东名校联考(四)) As a matter of
fact,we go out for dinner now and then,but not A .?

A.regularly
C.gradually

B.actually?
D.normally

解析 考查副词辨析。句意为:事实上,我们有时 出去吃饭,但不经常。regularly有规律地,经 常;actually事实上;gradually逐渐地;

normally通常,正常地。根据题意,A项正确。

6.(2009· 山东名校联考(二)) She is so

C

that

I can never understand what she is trying to

say.?
A.vivid C.vague 解析 也 不明白她想说些什么”可知前面应表示“她说话 很 B.hesitant D.accurate

考查形容词辨析。根据后面内容“我怎么

含糊”,故选C。

7.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(十)) What we want to know most is who was appointed to the B A.free C.handy 解析 “(职 位)空缺的,未被占用的”。句意为:我们最想 知 道的是谁被委任到那个空缺的职位。convenient

post.?
B.vacant D.convenient 考查形容词词义辨析。vacant意思是

方便的,便利的;free自由的,空闲的;handy手
边的,就近的,便于使用的,均不符合句意。

8.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(九)) People who spend more pre-bedtime hours using the Internet or watching television are more D to report that they don’t get ?enough sleep.

?A.probable
C.believable 解析

B.possible?
D.likely

考查形容词辨析。前面是人作主语时,四

个选项中只能用likely,当“可能,多半”讲。

9.(2009· 济南二次统考) It may have seemed unusually cold recently but experts say it’s A for this time of year. ? A.normal B.formal? C.ordinary D.common 解析 考查形容词辨析。句意为:最近天气好像 异常冷,但是专家说在一年中的这个时候这也是 正常的。normal意为“正常的”;formal意为 “正式 的”;ordinary和common都有“平常的,一般的” 之 意。此题容易误选common,但是前半句说 “unusually cold”,说明这种现象让人感觉有些 不正常,所以用but转折说这也是“正常的”,故

10.(2009· 潍坊二次质检) I was

A

lost in the

play last night.There was nothing like it.? A.thoroughly C.apparently ? 解析 B.partly? D.hardly

该题考查副词。句意为:我完全被昨晚的

戏剧迷住了。thoroughly彻底;partly部分地; apparently显然地;hardly几乎不。

11.(2008· 湖北八校模拟)The new machine,as is
reported in the local newspaper,will work twice as fast, ? A.thus C.yet ? 解析 降 A greatly it reduces costs. B.anyhow D.even 空格处表示因果关系,即“因此”极大地

低了费用。anyhow不管怎样;无论如何;yet然
而;even甚至,逻辑关系不合理。

12.(2009· 北京东城模拟)— Is this your second car?? — Yes.Blue is always my colour.It is a little but still fits A.wider;easily ? 答案 ? 解析 A a little修饰比较级。easily修饰fits而 into the garage. B.widest;more easily?

C.wider;more easily D.widest;easily

且不含比较的意义。

13.(2009· 南昌模拟)— The weather isn’t good
enough for an outing,is it? — Not in the least.We can’t have this time of the year. A.a worse day B.a nicer day? A at

C.such a bad day
? 解析

D.so fine a day

句意为:——这天气不适于出去郊游,

是吗?——不是一般的坏,在一年的这个时候我

们再也不会有比这更坏的一天了。此题前后形成
对比,应该用比较级。nicer与题意相反。

14.(2009· 福州模拟)— Do you like cats??

— Of course.They mean
to their masters.

B

a kind of pet

A.better than
C.no more than

B.more than?
D.not more than

?

解析

猫不仅仅是一种宠物,more than可表

示“不仅仅”的意思。

15.(2009· 大连模拟)We can judge that Liu Guoliang was very from the look

on his face when the Chinese table tennis
team won the champion.? A.excited;excited B.exciting;excited?

C.excited;exciting
? 答案 解析 A

D.exciting;exciting

句意为:当中国乒乓球队获得冠军的时

候,从刘国梁激动的表情上我们能判断出他很 激动。excited(人)感到激动的;exciting令人

激动的。

16.(2009· 沈阳模拟)The ticket sales show that

International Shenyang Horticulture Expo is
one of the best A.ever A held. B.always

C.even
? 解析

D.hardly
句意为:门票的销售表明,沈阳国际园

艺展是曾经举办过的最好的展出之一。这里 ever表示“曾经”,与最高级连用。

17.(2009· 天津河西模拟)— We are leaving next

Monday.?
— So why not come and spend A days

with us?I’m serious. ?
A.all these last few B.these all last few? C.these all few last D.all few these last ? 解析 此题考查形容词排序。

18.(2009· 云南高三复习统一检测)Please allow me to enter.I know you close the shop at noon,but it’s A.already C.hardly C noon yet. ? B.almost D.nearly

? 解析

根据but一词可知说话人认为现在还没有

到中午时分,所以用表示否定的词。另外,yet 一般用于否定句和疑问句,由此也可以排除其 余三项。

19.(2009· 太原模拟)— You know our manager has been in hospital for days? ? —Yes,I wonder if he is A better now.

? A.any
C.fairly ? 解析

B.more
D.quite 句意为:——你知道我们的经理已住院

多日了吗?——知道,我想知道他现在有没有好
点了。有些副词修饰比较级用来加强语气,如 any/much/a little/even/still/far...。

20.(2009· 银川一中第二次月考)Susan managed to climb out of the car, A.regularly C.extremely ? 解析 B —unhurt.?

B.apparently? D.frequently

考查副词辨析。句意为:Susan成功地从

车里爬了出来,很显然(apparently)没有受
伤。

21.(2008· 重庆八中高三月考)—The dish is delicious!? —Well,at least it’s A the one I cooked B.as bad as? D.no better than

yesterday.?
A.no worse than C.as well as ? 解析

根据语境可知后句话的意思应该为:至

少和我昨天做的一样好。no+形容词/副词的比 较级+than=as+(原)形容词/副词反义词的原 级+as,意思为“两者都不……”。

22.(2008· 河南教学质量评估)— What do you

think of the boy’s painting? ?
—I’ve never seen a person with of art.? A.the better C.a good ? 解析 B.a better D.the best B sense

句意为:——你觉得那个男孩子的画怎

么样?——我不曾见过比他更有艺术感的人。 sense指“判断力、理解能力”时,常用单数。


此排除A、D两项。比较级用于否定表最高级的含 义。所以选择B。

23.(2008· 合肥教学质量检测)Many young
people are eager to go to college because of the fact that get a pay. ? B.more;high? A.better;higher educated people can

C.better;high
? 答案 解析 A

D.more;higher

句意为:因为有较好教育的人能够获得

较高的工资这一事实,许多人都渴望上大学。 修饰educated应该用well,而且此处better educated与a higher pay相对应。

24.(2008· 北京西城模拟)— Do you like the

Chinese food served in American
restaurants? ? —It’s not bad but I prefer A.Chinese food really B.Chinese real food?

D

.?

C.food Chinese real
D.real Chinese food ? 解析 根据多个形容词修饰名词的顺序应选D。

25.(2008· 启东模拟) “I wish you’d look at me when I’m trying to speak to you!”the teacher said A.excitedly C.hopefully ? 解析 D .? B.pleasantly D.angrily

考查副词辨析。由直接引语的语气可判

断出:老师很生气。因此本题D项正确。

Ⅱ.完形填空
(2009· 杭州市二次质检)? One misfortune led to another,and that’s how Alexandra came to live with my family. Within days,she packed and 1 her family behind to live with us.She walked into our house as a 2 ,nervous and uncomfortable, smiling 3 but finally feeling safe.At first,she

spent most of her time in her room,only
showing her face at dinner time.But each night she became more a 4 of our family.?

Soon enough,I met the real Alexandra,a 5 girl who jumped at unexpected noises,had an unforgettable laugh,and was somewhat misunderstood.She 6 right in with the weird mix of personalities of my family,bringing her

own sparkle (活力) to our 7 .After a while,I
became very 8 to her.We painted each other’s nails and texted inside jokes only a few feet away from 9 .She would even tease me like an elder sister.I admired her because she opened

up to us 10 she had suffered so much. Through it all she was still the 11 person she had always been.

She was not with us very long;she had
dreams yet to realize.Her ambition was 12 ,and she decided a local college was 13 she would study English and Secondary Education. Because of my family she was able to follow through with her 14 . Without her,the house is quieter,lonelier,and

15 something.She showed me things no other

person could,and lessons that cannot be taught
but only understood through an 16 like this. As I 17 back on the shadow she left,I question whether I could endure what she had.People say that what my family did for her was a great act of unconditional 18 and sacrifice,but in my eyes what she did for me was even greater.Though she is not 19 to me,she is a person I will always remember,not as an adopted sister but as a 20 one.?

1.A.left C.kept

B.put D.moved

?答案
?解析

A
leave...behind 把……抛在身后。 B.fool D.troublemaker

2. A.loser C.stranger ?答案 ?解析 C

由于她是我们家收养的一个孩子,自然她

是作为陌生人来到我们家的。

3.A.willingly C.broadly

B.occasionally? D.falsely

?答案 B
?解析 初到一个陌生的家庭,她只是“偶尔地”笑笑。 其他选项不合语境。 4. A.piece C.role ?答案 ?解析 D 由陌生到逐渐熟悉,她越来越成为我们家 B.kind D.part

庭中的一部分。

5.A.pretty
C.worried ?答案 ?解析 B

B.sweet
D.confident

由下文的描述可以看出,Alexandra是一个

“可爱的”女孩。“sweet”在此处表示性格上可

爱。
6. A.joined C.set ?答案 ?解析 D fit in with意思是“和……相处融洽”。 B.matched D.fit

7. A.combination

B.conversation?

C.tradition
?答案 ?解析 A

D.expectation

给我们之间的融合带来了活力。其他选项

均不符合题意。 8. A.friendly C.close ?答案 ?解析 C become close to...和……关系亲密。由 B.modest D.innocent

下文两人在一起的亲密动作可知。

9.A.one another C.them ?答案 A

B.us? D.her

?解析

彼此之间仅相隔几英尺远。
B.as if? D.even though

10. A.ever since C.as far as ? 答案 ? 解析 D

Alexandra的家庭遭遇不幸,但尽管如

此,她没有自我封闭,而是向我们敞开心扉。

11.A.only

B.same

C.likely
? 答案 ? 解析 她。 12. A.engineering C.teaching ? 答案 C B

D.other

经历了这么多的不幸,但她依然是原来的

B.acting? D.learning

? 解析 由下文中的“...she would

studyEnglish
and Secondary Education.”可知此处选C。

13.A.when C.whether

B.which D.where

? 答案
? 解析

D
where引导表语从句,且在表语从句中作

状语。

14. A.goals
C.manners ? 答案 ? 解析 A

B.opinions
D.habits

follow through 把……坚持到底,结合

语境可知选A。

15.A.covering C.holding ? 答案 B

B.missing D.destroying

? 解析 missing缺少,此处是说没有了Alexandra,
屋子里就少了些什么。 16. A.opportunity C.experience ? 答案 C ? 解析 作者与Alexandra的交往是一次经历。 B.adventure? D.explanation

17. A.bring C.feel ? 答案 ? 解析 D

B.call D.look

look back on...回忆,回顾。

18. A.love
C.help ? 答案 A

B.happiness
D.dignity

? 解析 作者家收养了Alexandra,并照顾她,这是 一种无条件的爱,而不仅仅是“帮助”。

19.A.familiar
C.exposed ? 答案 B

B.related
D.ordinary

? 解析


be related to...和……有亲戚关系。此

处是说“尽管她与我没有亲戚关系,但她是我永 都不会忘记的人”。 20. A.last B.full

C.real
? 答案 C

D.moral

? 解析 此处作者发表自己的感慨,由前面的 “adopted sister”可知此处选real。
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