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最新语法填空解题技巧


Rational Cloze 高中英语语法填空 解题技巧

Learning goals:
1. To learn some rules and skills about the rational cloze.
2. To improve the students' ability of the rational cloze by

mastering some skills and doing exercises.

What’s the usual way you fulfill the task rational cloze ?

概读理解 – 分析填空 – 连贯检查 语 法
词法 句法 章法 惯用法

?思考:面对语法填空中如此繁杂的语法点,我们 到底该怎样入手呢?

It was raining lightly when I 1)____________ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 2)________________, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 3)__________ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain. I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River 4)___________ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese 5)__________ (painting). Instead, I'd head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away 6)__________ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city. Yangshuo 7)__________(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 8)__________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 9)______________(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people 10)_________ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

arrived (arrive) in It was raining lightly when I 1)____________ 2. 副词 Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 2)________________, earlier/ before I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 3)__________ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and its fresh, even with the rain. 3. 代词 I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the 4. 定从引导词 Li River 4)___________ pictured by artists in so many which/thatare Chinese 5)__________ paintings (painting). 5. 名词 Instead, I'd head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour 6. 介词 away 6)__________ car and offers all the scenery of the by better-known city. 7. 谓语动词 8. 非谓语动词 is Yangshuo 7)__________(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 8)__________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor conducted names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Kent,9. a 词性转换 travel company in Hong Kong, says it 9)______________(regular) arranges regularly living (live) in quick getaways here for people 10)_________ Shanghai and Hong Kong.

1. 谓语动词

1. 纯空格试题(2、4、6)
2. 副词 4. 引导词 6. 介词

命题探究

earlier/ before
which/that by arrived is

分 析 总 结

2.有提示词型(1)给出了动词的试题(1 、 7、8、10)
1. 谓语动词 7. 谓语动词

8. 非谓语动词
10. 非谓语动词

conducted living

(2) 词类转换题(3、5、9)
3. 代词 5. 名词 9. 副词

its paintings

regularly

Task 1: 题型解读 思考:高中英语试卷语法填空以什么方式出题? 1. 挖空 10 处要求填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括 号内单词的正确形式。

2. 设题方式分为
能力考查:

纯空格型



有提示词型

_

理解语篇、句子结构、 运用语法、单词拼写

近年全国卷语法填空设错点
动 词 名 词性 介 冠 并 从属连 代 转换 词 词 列 词(从句 词 词 和副词 连 引导词) (单 (比较级 词 复数) 或最高级) 1 1 1 3 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 形容词

2015年新课 标全国卷1 2015年新课 标全国卷2 2014年新课 标全国卷1 2014年新课 标全国卷2

4 4 2 5

注:语法填空是2014年课标全国卷改革投入使用的新题型。

?

一、纯空格试题的解题技巧

冠词或代词
国卷1)

? 无提示词

the most 1. Now, years later, this river is one of _____ outstanding examples of environmental cleanup. (2014全

讨论归纳 Group 1

2.When I see the child in the shop, I think of Lucy. She was ________ shy and beautiful girl. a 3.The little boy pulled ________ right hand out of the his pocket … 4.I can send a message to Tom whenever I want to, and ______ gets there almost in a second. it

考点归纳:(1-3 )名词前面 若没有限定词(定冠词,不定 冠词,形容词性物主代词,不定代词),很可能考查限定词。

(4)句子缺主语或宾语,很可能考查代词。

代词
人 称 主格 I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they 1 代词 宾格 me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them 形容 词 my, your, his, her, its, our, their 物 主 2 性 代词 名词性 mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs myself, yourself, himself, herself, 3 反身代词 ourselves, yourselves, themselves
4 不定代词 other/ another...

itself,

? 无提示词 介词 ? 与名词相连构成介宾短语担任状语,补语等 ? 与不及物动词构成动词短语接宾语
1. However, a school has recently banned its students _______ from giving each other hugs in the classroom. with a gun in his 2. He was walking along barefooted _______ hand.(揭阳一模) at the bus stop, worried 3.One morning, I was waiting ______ about being late for school. 考点归纳: 介词的基本用法及惯用搭配 介词 的使用要注意固定搭配和熟知常见的介词。

讨论归纳 Group 2

连词

? 无提示词

讨论归纳 Group 3

1.并列连词 1. I was glad to meet Jenny again, _____ but I didn't want to spend all day with her. (2013全国卷2) 2. There were many people at the bus stop, and ______ some of them looked very anxious and disappointed.(2014全国卷2) 3.But the river was not changed in a few days or even a few months.(2014全国卷1) ____
考点归纳: 同一个主语发出两个或几个动作,且时 态一致,中间没有连词,一定是填连词。

从句引导词

定语从句---关系代词

讨论归纳 Group 4

1. He spent much time teaching her how to skate, but she still didn't learn much, _______ which made him very angry.

2. Maybe you have a habit that/which _____________ is driving your family crazy.(2014全国卷1)

(深圳一模)

who listened to the doctor's advice finally 3 . Those ______ understood they didn't need clothes. (广州一模)
考点归纳:定语从句中缺主语,宾语,表语或定语, 一定是填适当的关系代词,如:who, that, which, whom,whose , as

定语从句---关系副词

讨论归纳 Group 5

why we do it. 1. These are the reasons ______ 2.Students should involve themselves in wherethey can gain community activities ______ experience for growth.(2014福建) when my 3. I am looking forward to the day ______ daughter can read this book and know my feelings for her.(2014湖南) 考点归纳:定语从句 中缺地点状语用________, where when 缺时间状语用_________________ , 缺原因状语用____________ 。 why

名词性从句

1.He stopped to see _______ what had bit him, and the dove immediately flew away.(揭阳一模) 宾从

讨论归纳 Group 7

that our team had won. 2.We heard the news _________

同位语从句

What 3. _________impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses.(2014天津) 主从
4.The question is _______________ we should go on with whether 表从 the work.

考点归纳:名词性从句包括主语从句,宾语从句, 表语从句和同位语从句。要注意what引导名词 性从句的用法。

1.She gets scared even now ______________ when/whenever she thinks about it.(深圳一模) If everyone does his part, the project will 2._____ surely be a success. that he couldn't go. 3.He was so tired _____ Although/Though regular exercise is very 4._______________ important, it's never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime.(2014天津) where 5.Please put the medicine______ children can't because he is ill. reach it. 6. He can't come ________

状语从句

讨论归纳 Group 8

考点归纳:状语从句包括时间状语从句,条件状语从句, 结果状语从句,让步状语从句,地点状语从句,原因状 语从句,目的状语从句和方式状语从句。

?

二、给出了提示词型的解题技巧

(1) (2) (3)
(4)

(5)
(6) (7) (8)

8种常用时态及其被动语态(be done) 一般现在时: do→ am/is/are +过去分词 一般过去时: did → was/were+过去分词 现在进行时: am/is/are+doing → am/is/are being +过去分词 过去进行时: was/were+doing → was/were being +过去分词 一般将来时: will/shall +do → will be +过去分词 过去将来时: would do → would be +过去分词 现在完成时: have/has+done → have/has been +过去分词 过去完在时: had+done → had been +过去分词

1)动词——谓语动词(时态和语态)

讨论归纳 Group 9

1. In 1969, the pollution was terrible along the river. It was (be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned _____ up.(2014课标1) were asked(ask) not to say anything 2.The school girls _____________ on the matter. We spoke to the former caretaker. (揭阳统考) 3. This is something that _____________ has swept (sweep) the entire school in the last month or two. (揭阳统考)

考点归纳:句中没有谓语动词,或者虽然已有谓 语动词,但需填的词与已存在谓语的主语一致, 且中间有并列或转折连词时,需填的词则是谓语 动词,就要考虑时态和语态,时态考虑要瞻前顾后。

2)动词——非谓语动词(1)

讨论归纳 Group 10

1. Children, when _______________ accompanied (accompany) by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium.(2014湖南) 2.I had difficulty adapting _________ (adapt) myself to life in the city.(2014上海) 3.________ Seen (see) from the hill, the city looks like a big garden. 4.I looked at the pair of small objects _______ called (call) “thoughtpads” on a table.

考点归纳:若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓 语时,所给动词就应考虑非谓语动词形式。非谓 语动词包括 v-ing形式,过去分词done,以及不 定式 to do 。非谓语的形式一定要考虑它与其逻 辑主语之间 的关系。

非谓语动词(2)

讨论归纳 Group 11

saying 1. He saw the stone, ______(say) to himself, “The night will be very dark.”
2. The headmaster went into the lab, followed ________ (follow) by the foreign guests. 3.The film star wears sunglasses. Therefore, he can go shopping without____________ being recognized (recognize).(2014北京) 动名词的被动语态
考点归纳:分词作伴随状语,原因状语,条件状语 等时,要看它与逻辑主语的关系确定形式。与句中 逻辑主语是主动关系使用现在分词;与句中逻辑主 语是被动关系使用过去分词。

非谓语动词(3)

讨论归纳 Group 12

to reduce 1. It took years of work __________ (reduce) the industrial pollution and clean the water. (2014全国卷1) 2. The young student did all that he could ______ to pass (pass) the exams. 3. There are still many problems __________ to be solved (solve) before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon. (2014北京) 考点归纳:在固定结构中或者作目的状语, 还可表示动作还未发生,一般用to do形式。

3)名词单复数/词性转换/形容词 和副词的比较级或最高级

讨论归纳 Group 13

1.Because only Time is capable of understanding how ______________ valuable (value) Love is.

weakest 2.Actually it was the ___________ (weak) place.(深圳一模)

3. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in cleaner(clean) than ever.(2014全国卷1) the river is ________ 4 . While there are amazing _______ (amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the changes ________ (change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work. Just be ________ (patience).(2014全国卷1) patient

unbelievable(believe) that such an honest 5.It would be ___________ man should have betrayed his friends.

冠词(article)

a, an, the

纯 空 格 型

介词 (preposition)

in, at, on, with, without, for, by, from,

代词(pronoun) me,your,it ,other,another 连词(conjunction) 并列关系:and, or, either...or, neither...nor, not only...but (also), both...and 转折关系:but 因果关系: so

从句引导词
clause

which, that, who, 关系代词 whom, whose, as 定语从句 when, where, why 关系副词 attributive
连接词

纯 空 名词性从句 格 noun clause 型

that, whether, if

连接代词 what(ever), who(ever) 连接副词 when, where, why,

how 状语从句(adverbial clause)

when, while, as, until, where, because, although, though, if, so… that, before, after...

有 提 示 词 型

动词

谓语动词:时态,语态,
非谓语动词:-ing,-ed,to do及变形

名词 单复数 形容词/副词 比较级、最高级;反义词 词性转换

总结提升

解题四步走
提示:四步走归根到 底其实就是寻找依

据.每一个语法填空
的空格里所需的单词 或短语其实都可以在 检查搭配, 前后连贯 根据语义, 确定词形

所在的句子中或 者上下文中找到
它的依据

分析句子,确定词性

通读全文,理解大意

There were only a few days left before Christmas. I was extremely anxious for my shopping, 1)_______ trying (try) what they wanted. I had to to make sure everyone got 2)_____ shop for three kids, so it was not cheap. I thought the bill to about 300 dollars. However, when I went added up 3)___ to pay, my credit card 4)___________ was refused (refuse). I was shocked(shock).I began to call my bank while the line 5)______ longer behind me got 6)______(long) than before. The bank said they had fixed my card so I tried again. Refused things again! I was embarrassed and angry. The 7)______ (thing)I chosen were in demand.The man behind me was the kind, 8) who ____ was laughing and joking about all 9) _____ other angry customers. Later he used his credit card to but pay my bill. I told him I would pay him back, 10) _____he refused to give me his name.

口 诀:

语法填空10小题, 冠介代连灵活用; 逻辑关系要理顺, 词法句法细分析; 谓语非谓语分辨清, 检查高分属于你。

Homework
?

完成报纸33期A2版 语法填空基础训
练(1)(2)


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