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高考英语常用不规则动词变化表


常用不规则动词表
1.AAA
动词原形 broadcast burst cost cut hurt hit let put read rid set spread spit shut 过去式 broadcast burst cost cut hurt hit let put read rid/ridded set spread spit/spat shut 过

去分词 broadcast burst cost cut hurt hit let put read rid/ridded set spread spit/spat shut 现在分词 ~ ~ ~ cutting ~ hitting letting putting ~ ridding setting ~ spitting shutting 词义 广播.播放.播送 爆炸.突然发作 花费 割,切 受伤 打,撞 让 放下 读 使摆脱.使去掉 安排,安置 展开,传播,涂 吐痰, 关上.停止营业

2.AAB
动词原形 beat 过去式 beat 过去分词 beaten 现在分词 ~ 词义 打败

3.ABA
动词原形 become come run overcome 过去式 became came ran overcame 过去分词 become come run overcome 现在分词 becoming coming running overcoming 词义 变 来 跑 克服.战胜.征服

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4.ABB
(1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母 d, t 或 ed 构成过去式或过去分词。 动词原形 burn deal dream hear hang learn light mean prove shine show smell speed spell wake 过去式 burnt/burned dealt reamed/dreamt heard hanged/ hung learned/learnt lit/lighted meant proved shone/shined showed smelled/smelt sped/speeded spelled/spelt waked/woke 过去分词 burnt/burned dealt dreamed/dreamt heard hanged/ hung learned/learnt lit/lighted meant proven/proved shone/shined showed/shown smelled/smelt sped/speeded spelled/spelt waked/woken 现在分词 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ proving shining ~ ~ ~ ~ waking 词义 燃烧 解决.处理.分配 做梦 听见.听说 绞死,悬挂 学习 点燃, 照亮 意思.意味.用意 证明, 证实,试验 使照耀,使发光 展示, 给...看 闻, 嗅 加速 拼写 醒来, 叫醒, 激发

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。 动词原形 build bend lend rebuild send spend 过去式 built bent lent rebuilt sent spent 过去分词 built bent lent rebuilt sent spent 现在分词 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 词义 建筑 弯曲.屈服 借给 改建, 重建 送 花费

(3)原形→ought →ought 动词原形 bring buy fight think seek 过去式 brought bought fought thought sought 过去分词 brought bought fought thought sought
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现在分词 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

词义 带来 买 打架.战斗 思考,想 寻找.追求.搜索

(4)原形→aught →aught 动词原形 catch teach 过去式 caught taught 过去分词 caught taught 现在分词 ~ ~ 词义 捉,抓 教.教授

(5)变其中一个元音字母 动词原形 awake dig feed flee find get hold lead meet sit shoot spit stick strike win 过去式 awoke dug fed fled found got held led met sat shot spit/spat stuck struck/stricken won 过去分词 awoke/awoked dug fed fled found got/gotten held led met sat shot spit/spat stuck struck won 现在分词 awaking digging ~ ~ ~ getting ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ spitting ~ striking winning 词义 唤醒.唤起 挖掘.钻研.搜集 喂养.饲养 逃避.逃跑.消失 发现,找到 得到 拥有.握住 引导,领导 遇见 坐 射击 吐痰, 刺入,粘住 撞击.冲击.罢工 赢.获胜

(6)原形→□lt/pt/ft→□lt/pt/ft 动词原形 feel keep leave sleep sweep weep (7)其它 动词原形 lay pay 过去式 laid paid 过去分词 laid paid
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过去式 felt kept left slept swept wept

过去分词 felt kept left slept swept wept

现在分词 ~ ~ leaving ~ ~ ~

词义 感到 保持 离开 睡觉 扫 哭泣.流泪.哀悼

现在分词 ~ ~

词义 下蛋, 放置 付款

say stand understand lose have make sell tell retell wind

said stood understood lost had made sold told retold wound

said stood understood lost had made sold told retold wound

~ ~ ~ losing having making ~ ~ ~ ~

说.讲.表示 站 明白 失去 有.持有.从事 制造.安排.构成 卖 告诉 重复.复述 缠绕.转动.迂回

5.ABC
(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n 动词原形 blow drive draw eat fall forbid give grow forgive know mistake overeat prove take throw ride see sew show shake 过去式 blew drove drew ate Fell forbad/forbade gave grew forgot knew mistook overate proved took threw rode saw sewed showed shook 过去分词 blown driven drawn eaten fallen forbidden given grown forgiven known mistooken overeaten proven/proved taken thrown ridden seen sewn showed/shown shaken
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现在分词 ~ driving ~ ~ ~ forbidding giving ~ forgiving ~ mistaking ~ proving taking ~ riding ~ ~ ~ shaking

词义 吹风.喘气.叫 驾驶 画画.绘制.拖拽 吃 落下.跌倒 禁止.不许 给.提供.授予 生长.种植 原谅, 饶恕 知道 弄错; 误解, (使)吃过量 证明, 试验 拿.获得.接受 抛.扔.掷 骑.乘车 看见.了解、领会 缝制.缝合 展示.出示.说明 摇动.震动

write 动词原形 break choose get hide forget freeze speak steal

wrote 过去式 broke chose got hid forgot froze spoke stole

written 过去分词 broken chosen got/gotten hidden forgotten frozen spoken stolen

writing 现在分词 ~ choosing getting hiding forgetting freezing ~ ~

写 词义 打破.打碎 选择 得到 隐藏 忘记.忽略 冷冻.结冰 说话.谈话.演讲 偷窃.窃取.偷盗

(2)原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

(3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词) [i→a →u] 动词原形 begin drink sing sink swim ring (4)其它 动词原形 be(am,is,are) bear do fly go lie wear bite tear 过去式 was/ were bore did flew went lay(lied) wore bit tore 过去分词 been born/borne done flown gone lain(lied) worn bitten torn 现在分词 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ lying ~ biting ~ 词义 是 负担, 忍受 做 飞行 去 躺.位于(说谎) 穿 咬.刺痛 流泪.撕破.猛冲 过去式 began drank sang sank swam rang 过去分词 begun drunk sung sunk swum rung 现在分词 beginning ~ ~ ~ swimming ~ 词义 开始 喝 唱 下沉, 沉没 游泳 戒指.环围住

注:“~”表示在动词原形后直接加 ing
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英语寓言故事:The Farmer and the Stork 农夫和鹳

A farmer placed nets on his newly-sown plowlands and caught a number of Cranes, which came to pick up his seed. With them he trapped a Stork that had fractured his leg in the net and was earnestly beseeching the Farmer to spare his life. "Pray save me, Master," he said, "and let me go free this once. My broken limb should excite your pity. Besides, I am no Crane, I am a Stork, a bird of excellent character; and see how I love and slave for my father and mother. Look too, at my feathers-- they are not the least like those of a Crane." The Farmer laughed aloud and said, "It may be all as you say, I only know this: I have taken you with these robbers, the Cranes, and you must die in their company." Birds of a feather flock together. 农夫在刚刚播种的田里布下许多网,许多来吃种子的鹤都被捉住了,并捉到一只鹳, 鹳 的腿被网折断了,它哀求农夫说:“饶了我吧,可怜可怜我吧。我又不是鹤,而是一 只鹳, 我是性情优美的鸟。你瞧,我多么孝顺父母,为他们辛勤劳作,再仔细看看我的 羽毛,与鹤 也完全不同。”农夫大笑说:“你说的话也许不错;但我只知道,你和这些 偷吃种子的鹤一 起被捉到,那末你就得和他们一起死。” 这是说物以类聚,人以群分。

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