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中考英语作文训练课件


一、描写 记述 (与一般的课文一样)
二、英文书信 三、英文请假条、便条

四、英文讲稿(发言稿、自我介绍
五、 英文通知 六、英文日记

看图写话:给出画面,或英文提示,按要求 写作。

看图(或材料)填空

材料作文(近年各地市常考的题型): 给出一定的书面(中文或英文)材

料,按题目要求写作

命题作文(多为描写,记事,叙述)

切题:用足所给材料,写 作最简单的英文句子,千 万别漏了所给的“要点材 料”

句子结构:人(物)+ 干(是)….+(宾语或表语)+ 其他

动词的时态:依据文义或句子的 意义,确定使用正确的时态并使用 准确的动词形式(最重要)
词汇、短语、句型的搭配与使用

其他:主宾格,修饰关系,标点,大小写, 文体格式

单词拼写错误 时态错误:用错时态,写错动词的形式, 第三人称单数漏加“S‖

词组、短语、句型搭配与使用错误

句子结构错误:缺主语,缺谓语,“系表”不分 人称代词的主、宾格不分,大 小写,标点,单复数,冠词的 使用
修饰关系错误:不能正确使用人 称代词的各种关系;名词当动词 用或动词(或形容词)当名词用; 副词与形容词的使用

一般现在时:常用于一般性的介绍、描写中, 常见错误是主语为第三人称单数时漏加S 被动式:is/ are + done
一般过去时: 用于过去时间里发生的事情(日记文体中), 常见的错误是,写错动词的过去式; 被动式:was / were + done

一般将来时: 用于将要发生的事件中:will + do 或 be going to do ,常见错误是,will 或 to 之后不使用动词原形; 被动式:will be + done ; is / are going to be done

称呼

地址日期

落款

Ⅷ.书面表达(本题20分,02年山东潍坊) 假设你是Li Ping,潍坊十八中的一名学生 。请根据提示写一封约120个词的英文信和一 个英文信封。 信息提示:
收信人姓 名 Jim

收信人地 址
写信人姓 名 写信人地 址 写信内容 写信日期

438King Street Australia
Li Ping

New

Tom,Sydney

188 East Dongfeng Weifang,Shandong China

Street

简介潍坊,简介潍坊18中,学校生活, 个人 2002年6月23日

VIII英文信封 Li Ping 188 East Dongfeng Street Weifang, Shandong, China

写信人地址:信封左上角 与汉语相反

Jim 438 King Street, New Town Sydney, Australia

收信人地址:信封右下角 与汉语相反

信的正文

188 East Dongfeng Street
Weifang, Shandong, China June 23, 2002

Dear Jim,
How are you? I'm very glad to write the letter to you. My name is Li Ping. I'm a Chinese boy. I'm from Weifang, China. Do you know Weifang? It's a beautiful city in Shandong. It's a kite city. I study in No. 18 Middle School. Our school is very beautiful. I'm in Class 1, Grade 3. There are 24 classes in our school. We study Chinese, maths, English and other subjects. I like English very much. I like playing computer games, football and watching TV. I have many good friends. We help each other. There are three people in my family. They are my father, my mother and I. I want to make friends with you. Please write to me soon. Welcome to Weifang. Yours Li Ping

No. 9 Minzu Road, Zhongshan City, Guangdong, China 528400 June 22nd,2002 Dear Jack, I am glad to receive your letter and know you want to have some pen friends in China. Now let me tell you something about my friend, Wei Hua, a student of Class 3, Grade 2 in Yucai Middle School. He would like to know something about your school life and your country. I m sure you will be good friends soon. Yours, Li Lei

C)书面表达 (共10分,02年湖南益 阳)) 请代为韩梅给英语老师Mr Smith 出写一张病假条,可选用下列单词 或短语(有的要作必要的变动)。请假 条的开头部分已给出。(字数50—70)
catch a bad cold, go swimming, doctor, tell me, go to school, can not, stay in bed for two days, today and tomorrow, hope, get well, because)

June 20,2002 Dear Mr Smith, I'm sorry to tell you that…

June,20,2002
Dear Mr Smith, I'm sorry to tell you that I'm not feeling well today. I have caught a bad cold because I went swimming in the river yesterday afternoon. The doctor told me to stay in bed for two days. So I can't go to school today and tomorrow. I hope I' 11 get well very soon. Thank you. Your student Han Mei

Ⅳ.书面表达(共计15分,02年河北,感谢信) 根据提示和要求完成下面短文。 假如你(Li Lei)在去年夏令营认识的一个朋友Jim 从英国给你寄来一件礼物——一件红色的衬衫,并 附有一封信。在信中他向你问好,他想知道你近来 在忙些什么。请你给他写一封回信(100个词左右) 表示感谢。回信要包括以下内容: 1.向Jim问好并对他表示感谢。 2.礼物是你最喜欢的颜色,疋寸很合适,你非 常喜欢。 3.告诉Jim你近来很好,上周刚过完生日,生日 聚会很热闹。询问Jim的近况,并表示希望他能来 中国。

June 21st, 2002 65 Zhonghua street Shijiazhuang 050000 Hebei China Dear Jim, How are you? Many thanks for the shirt! I'm very happy to hear from you again. I love the shirt very much, Jim. And red is my favourite colour! You remembered! It7 s just my size. Every time I wear it, I will think of you. I'm fine here in China Last week I had a birth- party. Many of my classmates came day and my mother made us a lot of good food. We really had a wonderful time together. How, are you doing in England, Jim? I miss you very much. I always miss the days we were together last summer. I hope you can come to China some day. Please write back soon. Your friend, Li Lei

VIII.书面表达(共15分,02年北京海淀区) 根据中文设置的情景、英文提示词语以及表 格所提供的信息,写出语法正确、意思连贯、 符合逻辑的英文文段。 注意:1.字数60一80。 2.所给的英文提示词语及表格所提供的信 息必须都用上。(可适当发挥) 3.发言稿的开头和结尾已给出。(请不要 抄写在答题卡上) 假设你是张斌,今年暑假你将参加学校组织 的赴加拿大“绿色之旅”夏令营活动。请你准 备一篇在开营式上的自我介绍发言稿。

name, Zhang Bin, fifteen years old, live in Beijing, favorite subject, biology …

Dear friends, I'm very glad to introduce myself to you. That's all. Thank you for listening.
Interest Free Time Activities Future Job Hope

drawing

go camping, draw pictures of plants, enjoy the singing of brids in nature.

biologist, grow up

good friends, do one's best, make the earth …

Dear friends , I‘m very glad to introduce(介绍) myself to you. My name is Zhang Bin . I‘m fifteen years old . I live in Beijing . One of my favorite subjects is biology . I‘m interested in drawing . In my free time , I often go camping(野营) , draw some pictures of plants , and enjoy the singing of birds in nature . I want to be a biologist(生物学家) when I grow up . I feel lucky to join you . I hope we can be good friends and do our best to make our earth more beautiful and much greener . That‘s all . Thank you for listening .

【实例】(1997年江西中考题) 请你以校长室的名义拟写一个书面通知 ,告诉同学们明天去参加植树活动。 提示:明天是植树节,天气暖和。你们 不上课,去公园植树。早晨八点在学校 门口集合,骑自行车去。中午在那里吃 饭,请带好水和食物。(词数:50— 70words)

【分析】 书写通知要注意格式。此题要先 定好正文部分的工作或活动是 Tree Planting Day,plant the trees;参 加的方式和要求是meet at the school gate,go there by bike, bring some food and water;参加 对象是the students(we);该活 动集合的时间是at 8:00am ,发 通知的单位是Headmaster Office。

【参考范文】

NOTICE To morrow is Tree Planting Day.It is warm .You will have no classes.We shall plant trees in the park. We will meet at the school gate at 8:00in the morning and go there by bike.We will(shall)have lunch there.Please bring some water and food with you.Don't be late. Headmaster Office Mar.11,1997

One Possible Version(03年广西试题,参考答案) Notice
Attention, please. Tomorrow is Saturday. We' re going to hike on our field trip. We' re going to hike to the top of a mountain. Please wear strong shoes and bring some food and drinks with you. We are going to have a picnic on the mountain. (I'm sure that's going to be great fun. )We are going to/will meet at the school gate at 7:30 tomorrow morning. Don' t be late/Please be there on time. That's all. Thank you.

七、书面表达(共1题,计15分,02年江苏盐城试题) 2001年12月11日中国正式加人世贸组织(WTO)。初三 (1)班全体学生听到这个消息非常高兴,第二天晚上举行了 庆祝活动。请根据以下内容写一篇日记,词数60-80。开 头已给出,不计人总词数。可能遇到的生词:特别( especially)
形式 英语晚会

时间
地点 出席对象 内容 感受

12月12日晚7:00-9:00
本班教室 英语教师、全班学生 唱歌、跳舞、讲故事、做游戏等 度过了一个愉快的夜晚;表示人世后要更加努力 学好各门功课,特别是英语

One possible version Wednesday December 12,2001 Fine We were very glad to hear that China had entered the WTO. We had an English party this evening in our classroom. The party began at 7 o' clock and was over at 9. Our English teacher also came to the party. At the party some students sang and danced, some told interesting stories and some played games. We were very happy and had a good time. We all think we must try our best to learn all the subjects well, especially English after China entered the WTO.

【实例】(2001年福建省龙岩、宁德两市中 考题)

就植树节这一天的植树活动写一篇简短的日 记单词数:50左右。

提示:1.穿旧衣服;2.早餐后乘车到西山; 3.挖坑、种树、浇水,每人种树3棵;4.12 点结束;5.感想;6.天气晴朗。

Monday Mar.12th,2001 Fine

【分析】

试题中已将日记的格式写好,我们只需根据所给 提示内容写出日记的正文即可。答题前,先定好 应该使用的词汇。如:Tree Planting Day,the West Hill ,by bus ,in old clothes.plant three young trees等。最后别忘了写上一两句发表感想的话语。

【参考范文】 Monday Mar.12th,2001 Fine

Today is Tree Planting Day.After breakfast we went to the West Hill to plant trees by bus.We were all in old clothes and worked very hard.Some dug holes, some put trees in them and others watered them.Each of us planted three young trees. When we finished our work,it was already twelve o?clock. We felt a little tired, but we were very happy.

例.(2001年青海中考题)
请根据下面所给李玲的个人档案,以My Good Friend为题, 写一篇英文短文,介绍李玲的基本情况。要求条理清楚, 语句通顺,体现所给的全部内容,不得少于12句话。 中文名:李玲英文名:Susan 性别:女年龄:15

祖籍:青海学校:第八中学
班级:三年二班 特长:数学、英语 爱好:唱歌、看电视、打排球 优点:友好、善良、乐于助人、 学习努力

例.要求写一篇人物简介 My good Friend的英 语短文,这一内容学生非常熟悉,也容易下 笔。要求重视提示,把握要点,切忌疏忽遗 漏。介绍基本情况,应用一般现在时;描写 人的性格时常用kind,friendly;描写人的心 理感受时用happy,pleased,glad,;描写 人的外貌特征时用tall,short,fat,thin, strong。书写时,最好是先列好提纲,避繁 就简。如:My good friend is Li from Qinghai.She is interested in joys playing volleyball.Sheisgood helps others.书写的 句子要主从兼顾,并选择自己熟悉的句型。 如:She is good at maths./She does well.等。

十、书面表达 (10分,03年扬州试题) 以My Mother为题,写一篇短文。 内容要点:1、我的妈妈是护士,工作努力 2 、 上 个 月 去 北 京 , 抗 击 SARS ( fight against) 3、一个多月没回家 4、保护我们免受SARS的侵害 5、我爱妈妈,为妈妈自豪 注 意: 1、标题已给出? 2、要点要完整 3、可适当发挥 4、60词左右 My Mother

(The answer for reference) My mother My mother is a nurse .She works very hard at her job. Last month she went to Beijing to fight against SARS. She has been away in Beijing for more than one month.I miss her very much,but I know she is trying her best to protect us from SARS. I love my mother. I am proud of her.

八、书面表达(10分,02年徐州试题, 介绍朋友。) 根据图表内容写一篇英语短文,介 绍你的朋友David Turner。短文题目 已给出。 [要求] ①不得逐字翻译,允许适当发挥 ; ②可用不同方式表达图表内容; ③词数:60词左右。

姓名

David Turne r

性别



国籍

英 国

出生 地
爱好

Londo n 足球、电脑、音乐

出生 日期

1986年6月18日

其它 情况

三年前随父母来中国北京。现在北 京第101中学学习,学习成绩优良, 是学校足球队队员。

David Turner is my good friend. He's an English boy. He was born in London on June 18,1986.He likes playing football, working on a computer and listening to music. David came to Beijing, China with his parents three years ago. Now he's studying at No. 101 Middle School in Beijing. He's good at his lessons, and he's on the school football team.

2003年10月16日,中国神舟五号(Shenzhou— 5)载人航天飞船发射成功,并按预定计划返回地 面,中国首位宇航员(China‘s first astronaut )杨 利伟成为中国人民的英雄(hero),请你依据以下 材料写一段话(可适当发挥):
1、神五发射成功(send up successfully)

2、知道此消息高兴、激动。
3、中国人民以此为骄傲。

4、杨利伟成为英雄。
5、作为中学生应努力学习,把祖国建设得更加 强大。

(The answer for reference) Shenzhou – 5 made by Chinese people was sent into space successfully on October 16, 2003.All Chinese people were very excited to know the great news. We are all proud of it . The first China‘s astronaut ,Yang Li Wei has been known to the people from all over the world and become a great hero in China. As a middle school student ,we should study hard to make our country much more beautiful and stronger.

? 来宾市是一个新建的年轻的“绿色生态”化的地级城 市。下周五将有一外国考察团对来宾市进行考察(do some investigating)。下面是考察的有关事项, 请你向外国朋友写一份书面的通知。 1、乘车前往糖厂(the sugar factory)。 半小时到达。 2、集中时间:上午8:000。 3、集中地点:市政府门前(the city‘s government)。 4、在糖厂与工人们一起吃午饭。 5、午饭后在厂会议室集中,下午2:00 离开。

(The answer for reference ) Notice Attention,please. You are going to visit the sugar factory by bus. It will take you half an hour to get there. We will meet in front of the city‘s government at 8 o‘clock in the morning. We will have lunch with the workers at the factory. We will meet at the factory meeting room after lunch . You will leave the factory at 2:00 p.m.

? 张蕾,育才中学初一年级的学生, 她家庭困难,但学习刻度,成绩 优异,是位好学生。上学期得到意大 利外国友人Nika的支持,张蕾很 感激。请你以张蕾的名义向Nika写一 封感谢信,汇报一下在学校学习、 生活的情况以及未来的打算(60--- 80 字)。(对不起,暂时无参考答案)

? 假设你叫小明。下面的图画 讲述了你和一位男孩在上周发 生的事情。请根据图画写出一 篇日记。日记的开头已给出 (不计入字数)。

( The answer for reference ) Monday June 2,2003 Fine Last Monday I went to school in the morning .When I was at the school gate ,I saw a boy fall off his bike and lay on the road .He was badly hurt and couldn‘t move . I carried him to the hospital.When he was in hospital, I visited him with some flowers and he was very happy. After he was fine ,he came to school and said ―Thanks‖ to me. I said it was nothing and we should help each other.


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