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非谓语动词的复习


第九章 非谓语动词的复习(难点) 第九章 非谓语动词的复习(难点)
一、 观察,划分句子成分: 观察,划分句子成分: 1. Simon had a sister called Amy. 2. The girl sitting under that tree is my sister. 3. I can’t attend the meeting tomorrow because I have something important to do.

二、 解题关键: 解题关键: 1. 分辨句子中的谓语动词和非谓语动词。 2. 句子的时态只体现在谓语动词上,不体现在非谓语动词上。 3. 判断非谓语动词和中心词的关系,再决定用哪种非谓语动词。

非谓语动词的形式: 三、 非谓语动词的形式: 1. 动词不定式(to do) 2. 动名词 (doing) 3. 动词的过去分词 (done) 不定式( 四、 不定式(to do)做非谓语的情况: )做非谓语的情况: 1. to do 作主语或宾语,表示将来的动作或表示目的: Eg: A. To finish the work in ten minutes is impossible. B. It is impossible to finish the work in ten minutes. C. To see is to believe. D. Mary found it necessary to listen to English programs on the radio. 2. to do 作定语或状语,表示将来的动作或表示目的: eg: 1). Do you have anything important to say? 2). He learns English very hard to get prepared to study abroad.
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3. 熟记以下动词的搭配:

(+ to do)

want, hope, wish, offer, fail, plan, learn, pretend, refuse, manage, help, agree, promise, prefer, decide, expect 4. 熟记以下动词的搭配:

(+ sb to do)

want, wish, ask, tell, order, beg, permit, help, advise, persuade, allow, force, invite, encourage, get 5. 熟记以下动词的搭配: 让 sb/ sth 干。。 (let sb/sth do、 have sb/sth do、 make sb/sth do) 。 Eg: The boss shouldn’t make the workers work day and night. 注意:变成被动时,要加上 to Eg: 1) The workers shouldn’t be made to work day and night. 2) Tom was always let/made/had to do all the housework. 6. 注意以下动词的用法: see 看见、watch 观察、notice 察觉到、hear 听到、feel 感觉到 (以”see”为例: ) 看见某人做某事: 1). see sb do sth (看见全过程) eg: The policeman saw a thief steal lots of money. 2). see sb doing sth(看见正在干,没有看见全过程) eg: When I passed Tom’s room, I heard him singing. 3). 注意: be seen to do(被看见做。。) 。 be seen doing (被看见正在干。。) 。 be heard to do(被听见做。。) 。 be heard doing(被听见正在干。。) 。 请把 1) 、2)中的句子改成被动: 1). 2).
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动名词(doing)形式: 形式: 五、 动名词 形式 1. doing 作主语 (条件:当主语和该动词是主动关系,或表示动作是正 在进行的。 ) eg: Collecting stamps is my hobby. 2. doing 作表语或宾语: 1). His hobby is surfing on the internet. 2). They enjoy playing basketball on weekends. 3. doing 作定语: eg: swimming pool boiling water The boy sleeping under the tree is Tom. 4. doing 作状语: (关键是该动词和主语是主动关系。 ) 1). Hearing the wonderful news, they felt excited. 2). Being warm-hearted, he always helps others. 3). They went home, singing and running. 4). The boy entered the classroom, following his teacher. 5. 熟记+ doing 的单词: 1). It’s no use + doing 2). It’s no good + doing 3). judging from: 4). generally speaking: (以下动词+ doing) enjoy、finish、suggest、 avoid、 imagine、keep、mind、permit、practice be busy doing、be worth doing、feel like doing、 can’t help (couldn’t help) doing、be fond of doing、
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prevent/keep/stop … from doing spend + 金钱/时间 + ( in) doing succeed in doing be used to doing pay attention to doing look forward to doing insist on doing

难点:注意区别以下词组: 1. remember to do remember doing 2. forget to do 3. like to do 4. want/need to do forget doing like doing want/need doing

六、过去分词(done)作非谓语动词: (特点:该动词与主语是被动关系,或者是已经完成的关系。 ) 1. done 作定语: eg: 1) The plan discussed at the meeting is very practical. 2) The boy beaten by his father is Tom. 3) The risen sun is too bright. 4) I have a sister called/named Lily. 2. done 作状语: eg: 1) Once published, his book will surely be popular. 2) Given more time, I’ll be able to do it better. 3) Though cheated by his friend, he continued to trust him.

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