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In 1848, not long after the American-Mexican war, gold

(discover) in

California. The dream of becoming rich quickly attracted people all over the world. The nearest, and

therefore the first to arrive, were South Americans and people from the United States. Then (adventure) from Europe and Asia soon (follow). In fact, few achieved their dream of becoming rich. Some died or returned home, most remained in California great hardship.________ settled in the new towns or on farms. By the time California elected to become thirty-first federal state of the USA in 1850, was already a multicultural society. 1. elect vt. 选举;选择;推选 用法自测 用所给词的适当形式填空或完成句子。 (1) They __________________( 选举汤姆作为) their representative. (2) It was Thompson who was elected __________ (replace) Ellis in the committee. (3) He lost the _________ (elect) by one vote. 写作运用 翻译合并下列句子。 (1) 珍妮(Jenny) 被选为部门经理负责她部门的日常事务。(2) 珍妮是一个乐观又有抱负的女 孩。 2. occur vi. 发生;出现;存在 用法自测 根据括号内的汉语提示完成句子。 (1) Conflicts ____________________( 偶尔发生) between the two countries. (2) The architect teamed up with the designers and workers to solve the ______ ___________________________________ (在施工过程中出现的问题). (3) ______________________( 我突然想到一个主意) that I might grasp this opportunity to turn to him for help. (4) When we were talking about cultural distinctions between China and Australia, ____________________( 我突然想起) I had never been to Australia. 写作运用 翻译合并下列句子。 (1) 我突然想起我去年跟他发生了误会。(2) 这个误会导致了我们之间的激烈争吵。 4. by means of 用……办法;借助…… 用法自测 根据括号内的汉语提示完成句子。 (1) In the past he earned his living ____________________( 通过饲养) cattle and sheep. (2) Much to my comfort, they finally succeeded __________________________(依靠坚忍不拔). (3) No matter what difficulties and obstacles we meet, _____________( 绝不) should we give up. (4) Only _____________( 想尽一切办法) will we be expected to live on and manage to make a life here. 写作运用 翻译合并下列句子。 (1) 几天前,这个外国专家在一次采访中提出建议。(2) 只有通过改革,中国的经济才能不 断进步 (make) a life for themselves

5. take in 包括;吸收;接受;领会;欺骗 用法自测 用所给词的适当形式填空或完成句子。 (1) From time to time, I just __________( 觉得很难理解) some of the foreign customs and habits. (2) As is known to all, trees ________( 吸收) carbon dioxide from the air and make oxygen. The teachers decided to ___________ ________ ( 接受请求) made by the students. 写作运用 翻译合并下列句子。 (1) 他被一个骗子给骗了。(2) 他失去了所有的钱(3) 最后他不得不靠乞讨来谋生 6. apply for 申请;请示得到 用法自测 用适当的介词填空或完成句子。 (1) Any applicant who wants to _________( 申 请这 份工 作 ) is required to meet all the requirements above and know something about cultural diversity. (2) These principles ___________________ ( 适用于学习数学). (3) The teacher recommended that we apply what we had learnt at school ____ the real life. (4) If you desire to hire this applicant, you should ___________________________( 向总经理提 出申请) in the first place. 写作运用 翻译合并下列句子。 (1) 你符合这个职位的所有要求。(2) 你可以随时写信来申请这个职位。 1. It is likely/unlikely that... 很/没可能…… 运用 根据汉语意思完成下列英文句子。 ⑴ 我们有可能提前完成复习任务。 ____________ we finish our review in advance. ⑵ 他很可能会报名参加中山大学的自主选拔考试。 He ____________ enroll in the independent admission examination of Sun Yat-sen University. 2. It is believed that…人们相信…… 联想 It is / thought/ said/ reported/ hoped that... 人们认为/据说/据报道/希望 运用 将下列中文句子翻译成英文。 ⑴ 人们相信健康重于财富。 ⑵ 据报道几乎所有的突发死亡都是由心脏受损引起的。 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:把缺词处加一个漏符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 The book I ’m reading of talks about afternoon tea in Britain. It is said to have started in the

early 1800’s. Have tea in the late agternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 o’clock at night. This custom soon becomes another meal of day. Interesting, it had a connection by the British porcelain( 瓷器 ) industry. Tea in China was traditionally drank from cupswithout handles. When tea got popular in Britain, there was a crying need for good cup with handles to suit British habits. This made for the grow in the porcelain industry. 1.--I'm sorry I made a mistake! -Nobody is perfect. A. Take your time B. You're right C.Whatever you say D. Take it easy 2. Would you like to with us to the film tonight? A. come along B. come off C. come across 3. I was glad to meet Jenny again, A. but B. and

D. come through

I didn't want to spend all day with her. C.so D.or I would C. where be staying. D. which

4. When I arrived, Bryan took me to see the house_ A. what B. when

5.I got to the office earlier that day, the 7:30 train from Paddington A.caughl B. to have caught C. to catch D. having caught 6. Since nobody gave him any help, he have done the research on his own. A. can 7. We B. must C. would D. need very early so we packed the night before.

A. leave B. had left C. were leaving D.have left 8. The watch was very good, and he 20 percent down for it. A. a good one B. a better one C. the best one D. a best one 10. It was only after he had read the papers Mr. Gross realized the task before him was extremely difficult to complete. Awhen B. that C. which D. what

11 A serious study of physics is impossible some knowledge of mathematics. A. against B. before C. beyond D. without 12. Only by increasing the number of doctors by 50 percent properly in this hospital. A. can be the patients C. the patients can be treated B. can the patients be treated D.treated can be the patients

13.Four and half hours of discussion took us up to midnight,and break for cheese,chocolate and tea with sugar. A.a;a B. the; the C. 不填;the D.a;不填 14. It's an either-or situation - we can buy a new car this year or we can go on holiday but we can ’ t do . A.others B. either C.another D. both 15. -Are you sure you won't come for a drink with us? ,if you insist A. Not at all B. It depends C. All right then D.I don't care



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