高二英语学业水平测试作文点拨 2012-12-11 高二英语备课组 （一） 请根据下列提示要点，以“The Ways to Keep Healthy” 为题，写一篇短文。 提示： 1. 人人都想保持健康。 2．饮食要健康：多吃水果、蔬菜，因为它们富含纤维素和维生素；少吃黄油、奶酪、咖啡和巧 克力，因为它们含糖和脂肪太多，糖和脂肪使你迅速变胖。 3．有良好的生活习惯：定期锻炼，充足
的睡眠，不要过度劳累，不抽烟等等。 要求： 1. 短文须包括上述所有要点，可以适当增加细节,使短文连贯。2．词数约 100 左右。 The Ways to Keep Healthy Everyone hopes to be in good health. But how? Here are some ways to keep healthy. First, you need a healthy diet. It is better to eat fresh fruit and vegetables because they have a lot of fiber and vitamins. Don’t eat the food which contains too much sugar and fat, like butter, cheese, coffee and chocolate. Fat and sugar make people put on weight easily. Second, good living habits are very important. You should do regular exercise to build up your body. Besides, enough rest is necessary for your health. You need 8 hours’ sleep a night and don’t work too hard. Smoking is a bad habit, so never smoke. In a word, healthy food and good living habits are good ways to keep healthy. （二） 假定由你负责接待一个外国旅游团。请你拟定一篇发言稿向游客介绍南京。要点如下： 1. 南京位于中国东南部，是江苏省省会，人口约 500 万。 2. 南京有 2400 多年历史，曾有 10 个朝代在此建都。 3. 南京很美，有许多名胜，如玄武湖、鸡鸣寺、石头城等，还有许多现代化的工厂和高大 的楼房。 词数：100 左右。 Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our city. I’d like to tell you something about our city. Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, lies in the southeast of China. It has a population of about 5 million. The city has a history of more than 2,400 years, and was once the capitals of ten dynasties. It is a very beautiful city with a lot of places of interest, such as the Xuanwu Lake, the Jiming Temple and the Stone City. It also has many modern factories and high buildings. I’m sure you will have a good time here. Thank you. （三） 最近，你班同学就“太空探索是否值得”这一话题展开了一场讨论。请你根据下表提供的 信息，用英语写一篇短文介绍讨论的情况。 30%的同学认为： 1. 不值得探索 2. 离我们及我们的日常生活太遥远 3. 浪费金钱。这些金钱本可用来解决地球上 的饥饿、污染等问题 70%的同学认为： 1. 值得探索 2. 已使用卫星进行通讯传播、天气预报 3. 有望解决地球人口问题、地球能源短缺问 题
注意： 1. 词数：120 左右； 2. 参考词汇：短缺 shortage Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring.
30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problems such as starvation and pollution. On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it, such as using satellites for communication and weather forecast. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. （四） 今昔对比类：你的家乡-------过去的情况和现在的变化 某英文杂志新设“我的家乡”专栏向读者征文，请按下面提供的要点写一篇 100 个词左右 的短文，介绍你的家乡过去的情况和现在的变化，向该杂志投稿。短文标题已给出。 过去：家乡小镇绿树环抱；小河清清鱼儿嬉戏；房屋简陋街道狭窄；人们劳作生活清贫； 现在：高楼大厦厂店林立；大小车辆驰骋街头；工业发展环境恶化；树木减少鱼儿消失； 治理污染当务之急。 I used to live in a beautiful small town with green trees all around it．The river，running through the town，had clean water in which fish could be seen swimming in groups. The house, however, were small and simple, and the street wasn’t wide enough to run cars. People here worked hard all year round yet lived a life of no more than poverty. Now great changes have taken place here. You can see tall buildings, department stores and factories everywhere. Cars and buses are running in broad streets. But with the development of industry, pollution is becoming more and more serious. A lot of trees are gone, and fish have disappeared because of the dirty water. To our joy, people have been doing their best to stop pollution and make the town even more beautiful. （五） 假如你是李华。你的美国笔友 即将随其父母来中国，并中国度过中秋节。他来信向你询问有 关中秋节的习俗，请你告诉他有关中秋节的习俗。 要点如下： 1 历史悠久。2 中国人独有的传统节日。 3 家庭团圆。4 共进晚餐。 5 吃月饼。 6 赏月。 要求： 1 词数 100 左右。 2 可适当添加细节。 3 开头已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Mike, I’m glad to know that you are coming to China with your parents and spend the Mid-Autumn Day here. The Mid-Autumn Day is a traditional festival with a long history which is celebrated only by Chinese people. It falls on August 15th of the Chinese lunar year, when people of a family get together and enjoy the dinner together. After that they eat mooncakes, which stands for the spirits of the festival-unity. Often if the weather permits, they will go out of the house to enjoy the bright moonlight, talking about something pleasant. It is one of the most important festivals for Chinese people. I wish you a pleasant journey and I’m sure you will like our traditional Mid-Autumn Day. Yours,
Li Hua （六） 假设你是李华，你的美国笔友 George 来信询问你家乡的家庭旅馆的情况, 打算今年暑假在这种 旅馆住一段时间。请你给他回信介绍, 具体内容如下: 价格 价格 价格 说明补充 单人间每天 30 元；双人间每人每天 20 元；餐费每人每天 20 元。 和住户主人一家一起吃中餐，有菜单，可点菜, 也可以自己做饭。 海水浴、游泳、登山，不付工资的温室劳动（自愿） 近距离了解中国，还可以感受到家庭气
注意： 1. 短文必须包括表格中的所有内容, 可以适当增加细节, 使其连贯; 2. 开头已给出; 3. 词数：100 左右; 4. 参考词汇: 家庭旅馆 household hotel。 Dear George, Very glad to have received your letter. Now I’d like to tell you about household hotels in my hometown. The household hotel is nice to stay in. Not only can you learn about China clearly, but also you can feel at home as well by dining with the family for only 20 yuan a day. Of course you can cook by yourself if the menu doesn’t satisfy you. It is really cheap to live in a single room for 30 yuan a day and a double room for 20 yuan each. You can bathe and swim in the sea, climb the hill and do unpaid jobs in the greenhouse if you’d like to. I’m looking forward to your coming. Yours, Li Hua （七） 假如你是李华，在美国留学。你母亲今天下午要从国内来看你，但你凑巧要去做个讲座， 故给你的朋友 Peter 留下字条请他下午三点半去机场接你母亲。因 Peter 未见过你母亲，请根据 下表在字条中描述你母亲的特征以便他辨认。 age appearance clothes luggage around sixty fat, short, gray hair, a long face a white blouse, brown trousers a yellow suitcase
注意：1. 开头已给出，不计入总词数； 2. 词数：100 左右。 Sunday Peter, I am very glad that my mother is coming this afternoon by air. But I have to give a lecture and have no time to meet her. I am writing to ask you to meet my mother at the airport at 3:30 for me. As you have never seen her before, I will say something about her to help you recognize her. She is around sixty years old, fat and short, with a long face and gray hair. I have been told she is dressed in a white blouse and brown trousers and she will take a yellow suitcase with her. I will be grateful to you for your help. Yours,
Li Hua （八） 为增加师生对中国航天的了解，你校将举行一次讲座。假设你是学校的广播员，请根据下 面的表格提示的内容， 写一份英语广播稿， 通知全校师生。 讲座主题中国航天 (China Spaceflight) 主讲人：北京大学李博教授 时间：1 月 5 日，星期四下午 2：30 地点：学校报告厅 讲座内容： 介绍中国航天发展的背景、简要历程，神舟系列飞船的发展概况以及中国航天员的 情况。 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 要点齐全，符合英语口语特点； 3. 广播稿的开头和结尾已为你写好，不计入总词数； 4. 参考词汇：背景 background 航天员 astronaut 过程 process Dear teachers and schoolmates, May I have your attention please? I have an announcement to make. In order to help us learn more about China Spaceflight, Professor Li Bo from Peking University will give us a lecture. He will talk about the background of the development of China Spaceflight as well as its process. Besides, astronauts and something about the series of Shenzhou Spaceships will also be introduced. The lecture will be held on Thursday, the fifth of January and it will begin at 2:30 pm in the Lecture Hall of our school. Anyone who’s interested in the topic is welcome to attend the lecture. Don’t forget to be on time. That’s all. Thanks for your attention. （九） 图中的学生叫李磊，请你根据下面四幅图写一篇 100 词左右的英语短文。
注意：1. 短文应包括所有图画的内容，可适当增加细节，使内容连贯； 2. 参考词汇：算盘 abacus； string 细绳； 算盘珠 bead。 Li Lei got a new abacus from his grandpa as he was going to have his first abacus lesson that day. On the way to school, Li Lei thought it would be interesting to roll the abacus like wheels. So with a string he pulled the abacus with his school bag on it. He had great fun. When he got to school, most of the beads were gone. And Li Lei was too careless to notice that. Soon it was time to have the abacus lesson. All the other pupils were practising, but Li Lei could do nothing but sit there. When the teacher asked him what had happened to his abacus, he felt very ashamed and could say nothing. （十） 身体语言是与人交流的一种方法， 然而，并非所有的人都可以用一种身体语言交流，有着不同 文化背景的人们对彼此的手势很可能会产生误会。比如：
身体语言 点头 正视别人
我们国家 表示我们同意某人的观点 表示我们正在认真倾听
有的国家 表示反对 意味着敌视
即使在同一个国家的不同地区也会有不同的身体语言。因此，如果你外出旅游，了解当地的身 体语言是非常重要的。 Body language is a way of communication. However, not everybody can use the same body language to communicate with others. People from different cultures may misunderstand the gestures they use. For example, we nod at somebody in the eye to show that we are listening to him attentively, while in some districts, it means hostility. People may have different body language even if they live in the same country. Therefore it is very important for you to have a good understanding of the body language there. （十一） 一些美国朋友将参观市郊的新华邮票厂。请根据下面的示意图写一篇 100 词左右的短文，将该 厂的情况向他们做一简单介绍。
注意： 1. 图中的 1、2、3、4 为工厂住宅楼（dorm） ，m 指 mile； 2. 短文须包括图中所示的全部信息； 3. 参考词汇：新华邮票厂 Xinhua Stamp Printing Works；浴室 shower room。 Xinhua Stamp Printing Works is in the west of the city. It’s just 15 miles away from the center of the city. It’s 2.3 square miles in area. When you enter the Stamp Printing Works, you may see two beautiful gardens on both your sides and an office building in front of you. Behind it, there lies a meeting hall between the garage in the north and the two shower rooms for men and women workers in the south. Then there stands a big and wide playground. Across it, you can see four workshops, behind which there are four dorms for the workers.
（十二） 假设你是李华，应英国笔友 Peter 的要求，写一封英文信介绍你学校的基本情况，内容必须 包括下面图中的相关信息。
要求：⒈ 描述各建筑物的位置和功能；⒉ 可适当增加细节，以便行文连贯；⒊ 开头语已 为你写好；⒋ 词数 100 左右。 Dear Peter, Thank you for your last letter asking about my school. My school has a long history of over 100 years. As you walk through the school gate, you will see that on either side stands a teaching building, of which every classroom is equipped with modern computers and TV sets. Theses equipments give great help to our classes. There is a big library in the middle of the school. In the library there are various books both for us students and our teachers. The library is open from 8:00 a.m. t 7:00 p.m. every weekday. There is a large playground behind the library. Every afternoon when the classes are over, we play sports there to relax ourselves. All of us like our school very much. Best wishes for you. Yours ever, Li Hua （十三） 请根据下表所给数据，以“How People Spent Their Holidays”为题，为某英文报社写一篇 100 词左右的短文，说说近年来人们休假方式的变化。 Changes in the ways people spent their holidays 2001 Travelling abroad Going to seaside Camping Staying at home 13% 33% 34% 20% 2008 26% 34% 36% 4%
要求：1. 条理清楚，语意连贯； 2. 通过数据，简单说明变化及可能的原因； 3. 拼写正确，书写规范。 注意：文章的开头已给出，不计入总词数。 The way people spent their holidays has changed a great deal in the past few years. In 2001, 20% of the people spent their holiday at home, but in 2008 the number came down to 4%. It seemed that people has more choice than before. Besides, the number of the people who went to the seaside and went camping remained nearly the same. It is the true nature that attracts people and they want to enjoy the real world around them. A great number of people spent their holidays travelling abroad. Comparing with the 13% in 2001, we can see the rate in 2008 was doubled. It shows that people are richer than before and can afford the journey to foreign countries.
（十四） 假如你是一位足球爱好者，请你根据下列要点提示，以“My favorite sport ” 为题写一篇 110 词 左右的短文。 1 踢足球是你的最大爱好； 2 一次偶然的机会让你爱上了踢球；在回家路上捡到一个足球，然后就和朋友们一起玩，从此 深深地爱上了踢球； 3 经常和同学一起训练和比赛； 4 最喜欢的足球明星是英国的贝克汉姆；最大的愿望是成为一名职业足球运动员。 参考词汇： 偶然 by chance 职业运动员 a professional football player My favorite sport Playing football is my favorite. I fell in love with it by chance. One day, I found a football on my way home. I was so curious about the little round ball that I began to play it with my friends. From then on, football became part of my life. I often play football with my classmates after class. We often train ourselves, and sometimes we compete in football games in order to improve our skills. Among all the football stars, I admire Beckham most. It is not his handsome appearance but his skills that impress me a lot. My greatest dream is to become a professional football player in the future.
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