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Unit 22 Environmental Protection
基础训练 Ⅰ.用适当的介词或副词填空 1.Increased production will,________ turn,lead to increased profits. 2.Apart ________ the occasional visit,what does Alar do for his k

ids? 3.All ________ all,it has been a pretty bad year for him. 4.________ coincidence,we arrived here at the same time. 5.You really should be more considerate ________ your neighbors so that you can get on well with them. 6.His nationality isn't relevant ________ whether he's a good teacher. 7.The boss was rough ________ him,which made him angry. 8.The criminal was condemned ________ ten years in jail. 答案 1.in 2.from 3.in 4.By 5.of 6.to Ⅱ.完成句子 9.________________(考虑到你生病了),we'd better put off the meeting. 10.I'm here ________________(代表) my class to give you a speech. 11.Do you ________________(提倡禁止) cars in the city centre? 12. Due to circumstances ________________(超出我们的控制范围 ),the lecture was cancelled. 13.It is easy to ________________(拆钟表) but it is difficult to reassemble it. 答案 9.Given that you are sick 10.on behalf of 12.beyond our control 13.take apart a clock Ⅲ.课文浓缩语法填空 It is reported that Earth's climate is being changed and human beings will face __14__ (globe) warming.Global warming refers to __15__ average increase in the Earth's temperature __16__,in turn,leads to climate change.The global average temperature __17__ (increase) by 1℉ over the last 100 years because of human activities.If the situation __18__ (continue),we are condemning life on Earth and should face terrible climate changes,serious diseases and bad effects __19__ some 11.advocate banning 7.on 8.to


industries as well as the __20__ (rise) sea levels.So how can we stop these disasters from __21__ (happen)? Governments all over the world have a responsibility to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide __22__ (produce) by their countries.Everyone can play his __23__ by making small changes in his daily life. 答案 14.global 15.an 16.that/which 17.has increased 18.continues 19.on

20.rising 21.happening 22.produced 23.part/role Ⅳ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作业, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Mike, In your last letter,you told me you want to go hiking in the coming summer vacation.Like any adventure of nature , we should be prepared for your hike.The followings are my advices: Firstly ,hike with a partner for safety and leave word whether you will be traveling in case of the emergency.Secondly,carry a cell phone with you.Thirdly, be sure have the right clothing and footwear for the hike.Fourthly,carry a plenty of water because you can become quickly thirsty without it.Meanwhile,have a few snacks can give you energy,too.Fifthly,take a small first-aid box with you, particular on longer hikes in case you get injure. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 答案 Dear Mike, In your last letter,you told me you

want to go hiking in the coming summer wanted

vacation.Like any adventure of nature,

we should be prepared for your hike.The you

followings are my

advices : advice whether you will where

Firstly,hike with a partner for safety and leave word be traveling in case of you.Thirdly,be sure

? have the right clothing and footwear for the hike.Fourthly, to

the emergency.Secondly , carry a cell phone with an

carry a plenty of water because you can become quickly thirsty without it.Meanwhile,

have a few snacks can give you energy,too.Fifthly,take a small first-aid box having
with you,

injure particular on longer hikes in case you get . injured particularly
Yours sincerely, Li Hua 能力提升

Ⅰ.完形填空 体裁:记叙文 话题:爱 词数:268 时间:16′ Normally in a parent-child relationship,the responsibility for care falls on the parent.But when__1__ circumstances( 情 况 ) strike , the roles can quickly be__2__.This was the case for Dan Steinberg,who was along with sister,Molly. When Peg Steinberg was 36 , she was__3__ with breast cancer.Ten and a half years__4__,it had reappeared in her skin,but she__5__ to get through it. “Two years ago,I was examined with cancer,” Peg says.“But I now feel__6__ good,and so far,the cancer is not there.” She remembers a time when Dan and his sister,Molly,went to the__7__ when she first had her__8__.Dan and Molly crawled in bed with her,saying,“Mom,we were young before and you wanted to__9__ us,but now we're here for you.We're__10__ and we want to know what you're feeling so we can help you,” Peg recalls.“And that was very__11__.”


“You're still my mother,Molly's mother.” Dan says.“I guess what's been hard for me is just__12__ up to the fact,I know I have to say__13__ to you and I hope that's not soon.” Peg says that if there was anything she could change__14__ her illness,it would be to have been able to give Dan more__15__ things in life,so that he would not have had the__16__ of losing his mother. Dan says,“I love you and you have always been a role__17__ of how I should attack life,how I should__18__ life.” “I'm very__19__ that you feel that way,and I can't__20__ having been through any of this without all of you,” Peg says. 1.A.lucky B.exciting C.touching D.unfortunate

答案 D [根据后面内容的叙述可知,当不幸的情况发生时,原来的角色会改变。] 2.A.acted B.exchanged C.moved D.changed

答案 D [角色发生快速的改变。exchange“交换”,不符合句子意思。] 3.A.discovered B.invented C.disagreed D.informed

答案 A [Peg Steinberg 被发现患有癌症。] 4.A.late B.later C.lately D.latter

答案 B [一段时间后面接 later,表示多长时间以后。] 5.A.attempted B.succeeded C.pretended D.managed

答案 D [根据 to get through it 和下面的内容可知,她的病好了,是指她通过努力 做成了某事。attempt to do“企图做??”;succeed 后面应用 in doing; pretend to do“假装做??”。] 6.A.pretty B.rather C.even D.ever

答案 A [pretty=quite,表示“非常”。rather 修饰一些表示“不好”的形容词。] 7.A.school B.house C.hospital D.company

答案 C [根据后面的动手术可知,他们是去了医院。] 8.A.operation C.willingness 答案 A [在医院里做第一次手术。] 9.A.prevent B.affect C.protect D.persuade

B.chance D.advice

答案 C [以前孩子们小,需要母亲的保护。] 10.A.students B.adults C.strangers D.doctors

答案 B [此处用 adults 与前面的 young 作对比,说明他们已经是“大人”了。] 11.A.powerful C.interesting B.terrible D.impossible

答案 A [孩子说的话让母亲很感动,她认为这些话给了她战胜疾病的力量。] 12.A.looking B.staying C.facing D.standing

答案 C [对孩子们来说很难“面对”他们的妈妈要死去的事实。] 13.A.no B.yes C.goodbye D.hello

答案 C [孩子们认为妈妈要死去,所以只得对妈妈说再见了。] 14.A.in terms of C.in case of B.in spite of D.in need of

答案 A [in terms of=considering“考虑到”。 in spite of“尽管; 虽然”; in case of“以防”;in need of“需要”。] 15.A.necessary C.astonishing B.important D.positive

答案 D [给孩子一些更积极向上的东西,让他们摆脱对母亲死亡的恐惧。] 16.A.fear C.requirement 答案 A [面对母亲的死,孩子是害怕的。] 17.A.actress B.model C.waitress D.customer B.attention D.cure

答案 B [孩子将母亲作为自己的榜样。] 18.A.form B.educate C.purchase D.live

答案 D [how I live life“我该怎样生活”。] 19.A.happy C.disappointed B.sad D.frightened

答案 A [母亲对孩子有这样的认识应该感到“高兴”。] 20.A.stand B.imagine C.bear D.avoid

答案 B [母亲感到如果没有孩子(的鼓励)不能想象自己怎样战胜自己的病魔。] Ⅱ.阅读理解

A 体裁:记叙文 话题:人物与事件 词数:311 时间:7′ Khachamgyal's hometown in China's Qinghai Province is famous for producing learned scholars and literary legends,and the college student is determined to follow in their footsteps. The 26-year-old,who is only the second blind person to ever be enrolled at Tibet University , has already won many awards for his poems and articles in Tibetan.“I want to achieve my dream,which is to live without needing to admire other people and without other people needing to discriminate against(歧视) me,” said the college student,who lost his sight because of illness at age 16. Khachamgyal's native Regong County is the birthplace of famous Tibetan writer Gendun Chopel and other artists,and is known for its thangka painting,a traditional Tibetan Buddhist art.Yet,his true inspiration was a French woman known in Tibetan as Konchok Pemo.In 2005 , she helped him enroll at Braille Without Borders in Lhasa.“Konchok Pemo is my benefactor(恩人),she showed me a path of brightness in my life,” he said. At the specialist school,he studied Chinese,Tibetan and English.He said he picked up the Lhasa dialect in weeks , and was speaking good English within six months.He went on to complete junior and senior middle school in Lhasa,and in 2013 was accepted by Tibet University,where he majors in translation. Khachamgyal said he studies with the help from his classmates.“They take turns to read the books to me,and some books have audio versions so I can listen again and again,” he said.“As well as my classmates helping out with many things in daily life,the university gives me a sponsorship of 3,000 yuan a year,” he said. In the past two years,he has read more than 20 books and written 16 essays, including five that have been published in magazines and newspapers. 21.What does Khachamgyal dream to be in the future? A.A teacher. C.A translator. 答案 D B.An editor. D.A scholar.


Khachamgyal 决心跟随他们的脚步,亦即在未来成为一名博学的学者。故选 D。] 22.What do you know about Khachamgyal? A.He has already won many awards while studying at Tibet University. B.He is the only blind student who is studying at Tibet University. C.He lost his sight in an accident when he was still a little boy. D.He has published more than 16 essays in magazines and newspapers. 答案 A [细节理解题。根据第二段第一句中的 has already won many awards for his poems and articles in Tibetan.可知,在上大学期间,Khachamgyal 就已经获得了许 多大奖。故选 A。] 23.Who truly inspired Khachamgyal in his life? A.A famous writer. C.His classmates. B.A French woman. D.His college teachers.

答案 B [细节理解题。 根据第三段中的 Yet, his true inspiration was a French woman known in Tibetan as Konchok Pemo.可知选项 B 正确。] 24.The story of Khachamgyal inspires people to ________. A.face difficulties bravely C.help others selflessly B.treasure what they have D.care for the disabled

答案 A [推理判断题。尽管 Khachamgyal 是个盲人,但他考取了大学,两年的时间内 读了 20 本书,写了 16 篇论文,获得了许多奖项。由此可知,他的故事激励人们要勇敢 地面对困难。故选 A。] B 体裁:说明文 话题:自然灾害 词数:289 时间:5′ It's a good idea for families to talk about what they would do to escape a fire.You'll want to talk about escape plans and escape routes,so let's start here. An escape plan can help every member of a family get out of a burning house.The idea is to get outside quickly and safely.Smoke from a fire can make it hard to see where things are,so it's important to learn and remember the different ways out of your home. If you live in an apartment building,you'll want to know the best way to the stair or other emergency exits.If you're in a room with the door closed when the

fire breaks out,you need to take a few extra steps: ? Check to see if there's heat or smoke coming in the cracks(裂缝) around the door. ? If you see smoke coming under the door—don't open the door! ? If you don't see smoke—touch the door.If the door is hot or very warm—don't open the door! ? If you don't see smoke—and the door is not hot—then use your fingers to lightly touch the doorknob(门把手).If the doorknob is hot or very warm—don't open the door! ? If the doorknob feels cool,and you can't see any smoke around the door,you can open the door very carefully and slowly.When you open the door,if you feel a burst of heat,or smoke pours into the room,quickly shut the door and make sure it is really closed.If there's no smoke or heat when you open the door,go toward your escape route exit. 【语篇解读】 如果不慎发生火灾,你将如何逃生?作者给出了逃生的 5 条建议。 25.The best title for the passage is ________. A.How to make an escape plan and an escape route B.Steps on how to escape a fire in a room with the door closed C.The best way to find the stair or other emergency exits D.How to deal with smoke from a fire 答案 B [主旨大意题。根据短文内容特别是第三段中的 If you're in a room with the door closed when the fire breaks out,you need to take a few extra steps:可 知,文章的标题选 B 合适。] 26.If you are in a room where there is a fire,the writer suggests that you should ________. A.get outside quickly and safely B.stay in the room and wait for help C.try to put out the fire by yourself D.jump out of the room through windows 答案 A [细节理解题。根据短文第二段中的 The idea is to get outside quickly and safely.可知答案为 A。]

27.What should you do if you find heavy smoke goes into the room? A.Escape from your room as quickly as possible. B.Open the door very carefully and slowly. C.Close the door as quickly as possible. D.Find the nearest stair and run down. 答案 C [细节理解题。根据短文中的 if you feel a burst of heat,or smoke pours into the room,quickly shut the door 可知,发现烟进入你的房间时,应该立即关门。] 28.Where does this passage probably come from? A.A safety guide book. C.A science fiction. 答案 B.A traffic guide book. D.A science report.

A [推理判断题。这篇文章是向读者说明发生火灾时如何逃生的,因此应该出现

在安全指导用书上。] Ⅲ.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Simple tips to help you say no with love We say yes for many reasons.But if we're in the habit of saying yes too often, we may find ourselves overwhelmed,depressed,or angry.__29__ 1.Say thanks and think it over. Don't allow people to bully you into making quick decisions.You may feel uncomfortable,hate the other person,and make some anger towards yourself.__30__ Give them a time or date that you'll follow up with them. 2.Three breaths and two questions. If we are in the habit of saying yes out of thinking,every question can cause stress.__31__ Then ask yourself these two questions:Am I able to? Do I want to? Just because we're able to do something it doesn't mean we should or that we need to.When we do things out of obligation it feels like a chore.When we do things out of love,they feel like a joy. 3.__32__ The actual saying no can be the hardest step because your mind's program may tell you that you're selfish or you're a bad person for saying no.This is not true.You

are saying no because you value yourself,your time,and your energy.Saying no like this: “I appreciate you thinking of me to watch your dog but unfortunately I'm not able to this weekend.” You can offer other dates that might work. 4.Simply say no with a smile. __33__ When you're able to say no easily and without guilt,you might even find that you are more willing to volunteer and/or participate because when you do, it will be out of joy,not obligation. A.What will they think if I say no? B.Avoid this by saying you'll check your schedule. C.Turn them down like this and offer choices. D.It shows self-respect by being able to say no in a loving way. E.Learning to say no protects our energy,time,and priorities. F.Take three deep breaths before you answer which will ground you. G.Laughing is one of the most therapeutic things you can do for yourself every day. 答案 29.E [本文介绍了一些拒绝别人的简单建议。E 项说明说“不”的一些好处,属于主题段 内容。故选 E。] 30.B [根据空格后面的句子 Give them a time or date that you'll follow up with them. 可知,空格处的句子内容应该是“检查一下自己的时间安排”然后再给对方一个时间或 日期。故选 B。] 31. F [本段标题为 Three breaths and two questions.选项 F 中的 Take three deep breaths 与标题内容相符。故选 F。] 32.C [根据本段中的 Saying no like this:“I appreciate you thinking of me to watch your dog but unfortunately I'm not able to this weekend.”以及 You can offer other dates that might work.可知,本段标题应该是“怎么样拒绝别人并提供选项”。故选 C。] 33.D [本段标题为 Simply say no with a smile.选项 D 中的 by being able to say no in a loving way 与标题内容相符合。故选 D。]




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