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高中状语从句


awkward 难对付的, 尴尬的 amazed 惊讶的 blood 血液 crowd 人群 comfort 舒适 crazy 疯狂的 cheerful 高兴的 concerned 担心的 come up with 提出,想出 check 检查 deed 事迹 entrance 入口 embarrassed 感到尴尬的 elderly 年老的 fun 乐趣 fortunately 幸运地 guilty 有罪的, 内疚的 honest 诚实的 innocent 无辜的 lie 谎言 medical 医疗 的 operate on 给…做手术 puzzled 感到迷惑的 particularly 尤其 pay for 付钱 respond 反应, 回应 respectful 恭敬地, 有礼貌的 regardless of 不管,不顾 shock 震惊 scene 场面,现场 specifically 特有地 successful 成功的 thanks to 幸亏,由于 worried 感到担心的 whether 是否 1. 时间状语从句 常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, while, before, after, since , till, until 特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day,the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner … than, hardly …when, scarcely … when I didn’t realize how special my mother was until I became an adult. While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking. The children ran away from the orchard(果园) the moment they saw the guard. No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain. Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble. 2. 地点状语从句 常用引导词:where 特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories. Wherever you go, you should work hard. 3. 原因状语从句 常用引导词:because, since, as, since 特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that, considering that, My friends dislike me because I’m handsome and successful. Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference. The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more. Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of 1.80 m is quite remarkable. 4. 目的状语从句 常用引导词:so that, in order that 特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them. The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly. 5. 结果状语从句 常用引导词:so … that, so… that, such … that, 特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that, He got up so early that he caught the first bus.

It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it. To such an degree was he excited that he couldn’t sleep last night. 6. 条件状语从句 常用引导词:if, unless, 特殊引导词: as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, suppose that, in case that, on condition that We’ll start our project if the president agrees. You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying. Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here. 7. 让步状语从句 常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though 特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ), no matter …, in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever Much as I respect him, I can’t agree to his proposal. 尽管我很尊敬他, 我却不同意他的建议。 The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough. No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind. He won’t listen whatever you may say. 8. 比较状语从句 常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较) 特殊引导词: the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A is to B what /as X is to Y; no … more than; not A so much as B She is as bad-tempered as her mother. The house is three times as big as ours. The more you exercise, the healthier you will be. Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食物之于人,犹如油之于机器。 9. 方式状语从句 常用引导词:as, as if, how 特殊引导词:the way When in Rome, do as the Roman do. She behaved as if she were the boss. Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us. 状语从句的"简化"现象常存在于以下五种状语从句中:①由 if, unless 等引导的条 件状语从句;②由 although, though, even if / though 等引导的让步状语从句;③由 when, while, as, before, after, until / till 等引导的时间状语从句;④由 as, as if 等引导 的方式状语从句;⑤由 as, than 等引导的比较状语从句。连词+现在分词 As (she was) walking along the river bank, she was singing a pop song.她沿着河堤边 走边唱着流行歌曲。 Although (he is) doing his best in maths these days, he has still got no good marks.尽 管近来他一直在学数学,但他仍然没有取得好成绩。 连词+过去分词 He won't go there with us unless (he is) invited.除非受到邀请,否则 他不会和我们一道去那里。 The concert was a great success than (it was) expected.这场音乐会出乎意料地取得 了巨大成功。


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