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2015-2016学年高一英语人教版必修4双基限时练11 Unit 4 Body language Part 2 Word版含解析


Unit 4

Part Ⅱ

1.________ (seat) himself by a table, the gentleman asked the waiter for a cup of coffee politely. 答案与解析 Seating 句

意:这位绅士在桌旁坐好后,礼貌地 向服务生要了一杯咖啡。seat 为及物动词,表示“使(自己)就座”, 其逻辑主语为 the gentleman,所以用现在分词形式。 2 . The party will be held in the garden, weather ________ (permit). 答案与解析 permitting 句意:如果天气允许,聚会将在花园 中举行。 逗号前后两部分的主语不同, 由此可判断逗号后面部分是独 立主格结构,weather 与 permit 之间是主谓关系, 所以用 permitting。 3.I'm afraid we'll have to work extra hours, for there are still some problems remaining ________ (settle). 答案与解析 to be settled 此处是分词短语作后置定语, remain 与 problems 之间为主动关系,故应用现在分词形式;问题是 亟待被解决,故应用 to be settled。 4.To catch the first train, they went ________ (run) all the way. 答案与解析 running 该句中主语 they 与 run 之间存在主动关 系,故用 running 作伴随状语。 5.The student stood in front of the door, not ________ (know) what to do. 答案与解析 knowing the student 与 know 为主动关系,故用 knowing 作伴随状语。 6.John has really got the job because he showed me the official letter ________ (offer) him it. 答案与解析 offering 句意:John 已经得到了这份工作,因为 他给我看了提供他这份工作的公函。 offer 与 the official letter 之间是 逻辑上的主谓关系,故用现在分词短语在句中充当后置定语。

7.The mother hurried to work, ________ (leave) her son alone at home. 答案与解析 leaving the mother 与 leave 为主动关系,故在该 句中用 leaving 作结果状语。 8.The old man, ________ (work) abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland. 答案与解析 having worked 句意:这位老人,在国外工作二 十年以后, 踏上了回国之路。 因为“在国外工作二十年”发生在回国 之前,所以应该用现在分词的完成式作状语。 9.________ (stand) in a long queue, we waited for the store to open to buy a new iPad. 答案与解析 Standing 句意: 我们站在长长的队伍中等商店开 门了买新款 iPad。逻辑主语 we 与动词 stand 之间为主谓关系,故用 现在分词短语作伴随状语。 10.________ (suffer) from heart trouble for years, Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever he goes. 答案与解析 成式作状语。 Ⅱ.语法填空 Mary Smith looked at the beautiful ripe plums (梅子). They would make lovely jam. When she had finished the __1__(cook), she filled all her empty jam jars __2__(leave) the rest of the jam in the pan. She would put it in the fridge when it was cooler. But just then the telephone rang. __3__(learn) that her mother was in hospital after a car accident, Mary picked up her bag and ran out of the house. Some days later, her husband, John, came home from a business trip. He had been traveling all day and felt like __4__(have) a drink and a piece of cake. __5__(enter) the kitchen he saw a pan with a dark red mess inside it. He lifted it up and smelled it. It smelled bad. Having suffered 句意:因为患有多年的心脏病, 怀特教授去哪儿都带着药。 因为患病在先, 所以应该用现在分词的完

__6__(think) Mary must have forgotten to clean this pan, he poured all the jam into the chicken yard and cleaned the pan. Then __7__(feel) comfortable, he began to eat a piece of cake. When Mary returned, she noticed the chickens __8__(behave) strangely. They were running round the yard as if they were sick. She saw the dark red mess on the ground and went closer. __9__(see) a plum stone she went into the kitchen. Her husband was at the table __10__(read) a newspaper. Angrily Mary rushed up to him __11__(shout)“You threw away my jam!” Her husband said. “I'm sorry but I thought it was porridge __12__(go) bad in the hot weather.” 答案 1.cooking 2.leaving 3.Having learned 7.feeling 11.shouting 4.having 5.Entering 6.Thinking 8.behaving Ⅲ.阅读理解 A 9.Seeing 10.reading 12.having gone

We need to know another kind of language — body language, a part of nonverbal communication. All over the world, people “talk” with their hands, with their heads and with their eyes. When Japanese people meet, they bow. When Indians meet, they put their hands together. What do American and British people do? Americans are more informal than the British. They like to be friendly. They use

first names, they ask questions and they talk easily about themselves. When they sit down, they like to relax in their chairs and make themselves comfortable. British people are more reserved(保守的). They take more time to make friends. They like to know you before they ask you home. When British and American people meet someone for the first time, they shake hands. They do not usually shake hands with people they know well. Women sometimes kiss their women friends,and men kiss women friends, when a man meets a man friend,he just smiles,and says “Hello”. Men don't kiss each other, or hold hands. Even fathers and sons do not often kiss each other. 1.Body language is the system of human expression ________. A. newly invented recently B. by means of words C. by signs, movements, etc. D. with words and signs 答案与解析 A. in Japan C. in Britain 答案与解析 hands ... heads ... eyes.”可知。 3.When an American man meets a woman friend for the first time, he ________. A. kisses her B. just smiles C. says “Hello” D. shakes hands with her 答案与解析 D 由 “When ... American people meet ... they shake hands.”可知。 4.British people are ________. A. as reserved as Americans C 由文章第一、二句可知。 B. in America D. throughout the world D 由“All over the world, people ‘talk’ with ... 2.People use body language ________.

B. more formal than Americans C. less friendly than Americans D. more informal than Americans 答案与解析 British ...”可知。 5.What does “nonverbal” mean here? A. Notinword. C. Oral. 答案与解析 题可作出判断。 B B. Spoken. D. Written. B 由 “Americans are more informal than the

A nonverbal 意思是“不用语言的”,由本文主

Sometimes people add to what they say even when they don't talk. Gestures are the “silent language” of every culture. We point a finger or move another part of the body to show what we want to say. It is important to know the body language of every country or we may be misunderstood. In the United States, people greet each other with a handshake in a formal introduction. The handshake must be firm. If the handshake is weak, it is a sign of weakness or unfriendliness. Friends may place hand on the other's arm or shoulder. Some people, usually women, greet a friend with a hug(拥抱). Space is important to Americans. When two people talk to each

other, they usually stand about two and a half feet away and at an angle, so they are not facing each other directly. Americans get uncomfortable when a person stands too close. They will move back to have their space. If Americans touch another person by accident, they say, “Pardon me.” or “Excuse me”. Americans like to look at the other person in the eyes when they are talking. If you don't do so, it means you are bored, hiding something, or not interested. But when you stare at someone, it is not polite. For Americans, thumbsup means yes, very good, or well done. Thumbsdown means the opposite. To call a waiter, raise one hand to head level or above. To show you want the check, make a movement with your hands as if you are signing a piece of paper. It is all right to point at things but not at people with the hand and index finger. Americans shake their index fingers at children when they scold them and pat them on the head when they admire them. Learning a culture's body language is sometimes confusing. If you don't know what to do,the safest thing to do is to smile. 6.From the first paragraph we can learn that ________. A. gestures don't mean anything while talking B. gestures can help us to express ourselves C. we can understand a person well without body language D. only American people can use gestures 答案与解析 B 根据文章第一、二句可知。 7.If you are introduced to a stranger from the US,you should ________. A. greet him with a hug B. place a hand on his shoulder C. shake his hand firmly D. shake his hand weakly 答案与解析 C 根据文章第二段第一、二句可知,在美国,初 次见面会握手,而且要有力。

8.Which of the following is NOT true according to the text? A. If we know nothing about the gestures in a country, we may be misunderstood. B. Americans never touch another person. C. Smile is acceptable in every culture. D. We can call a waiter by making a movement with our hands. 答案与解析 B 由第一段最后一句可推出 A 项正确; B 项不合 常理与第二段最后一句矛盾;由文章最后一句话可推出 C 项正确; 由第五段第三句可知 D 项正确。 9.If you talk with an American friend, it's polite to ________. A. look up and down at your friend B. look at your friend C. stare at your friend D. look at your watch now and then 答案与解析 B 由第四段第一句可知。 10.When your friend gives you the thumbsup,he probably ________. A. shows his rudeness to you B. shows his anger to you C. expresses his satisfaction to you D. expresses his worries about you 答案与解析 C 由第五段第一句可知。


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