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高中英语 同位语从句讲义 教师版


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成长快乐教育城学科教师辅导讲义(教师版)
学员姓名:陈雨婷 辅导课目:英 语 总课时数: 授课类型 授课日期及时段 年 级:高 一 学科教师:甘绍旭 授课次数:第 4 次 在读学校:川沙中学 班 主 任:范婷

高考考点模块复习
2014-3-22

专项练习

/>10:10-12:10 教学内容

在成长中快乐学习,在学习中快乐成长 1

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What kind of noun clauses are they? 1.What he wants to tell us is not clear. 2.It is not important who will go. 主从 主从 宾从

3.He has told me that he will go to Shanghai tomorrow. 4.I want to know what he has told you. 5.The fact is that we have lost the game. 6.I have no idea when he will come back home. 宾从 表从

同位语从句

What does the underlined part serve as in each sentence? 1. Mr. Smith, our new teacher, is very kind to us. 2. Yesterday I met Tom, a friend of my brother’s. (同位语从句)
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1. The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting. 2. Some people have the idea that you can cross Canada in less than five days, but they forget the fact that Canada is 5,500 kilometres from coast to coast. 3. The girls were surprised at the fact that ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes. 4. Many British parents hold the view that teenagers shouldn’t spend too much time online. 5. The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once. 将军下达了战士们立即过河的命令。 (如果同位语从句意义完整, 则用 that 引导。that 不充当任何成分, 只起连 接作用。 )

如果同位语从句意义不完整, 需增加“什么时候” 、 “什么地点” 、 “什么方式” 等含义, 应该用 when, where, how 等词引导。如: I have no idea when Chaplin’s film will be on. 我不知道卓别林的电影什么时候放映。 I have no impression how he went home, perhaps by bike. 我记不清他是怎样回家的, 或许是骑自行车回去的。

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如果同位语从句意思不完整,需增加“是否”的含义, 则应该用 whether 引导。 如: We’ll discuss the problem whether the sports meeting will be held on time. 我们将讨论运动会是否会如期举行的问题。 注意: if 不能引导同位语从句。

总结:同位语从句 1. 定义:在复合句中做名词的同位语的从句,叫同位语从句 2. 功能:同位语从句是对名词进一步解释,是名词的具体内容。 3. 引导词:常用 that 引导或用连接副词 when / where /why / how / whether

同位语的先行词(抽象名词) : news,idea,fact,promise,question, doubt,thought,hope,message,suggestion,word(消息), possibility, order 等 EG: 1) I’ ve come from Mr. Wang with a message that he won’ t be able to see you this afternoon. 我从王先生那里来,他让我告诉你他今天下午不能来看你了。 2) The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people. 计算机能够识别人的声音的想法使许多人感到惊奇。 3) The problem whether we should continue to do the experiment has been solved. 关于我们是否应该继续做这项试验的问题已经解决了。
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注: 1. 同位语从句多用 that 引导; 2. 在 have no idea 之后常用 wh-引导同位语从句。 I have no idea where he has gone. I have no idea when he did it. I have no idea what he did. 【例题点击】 1. A story goes ____ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. A. when B. where C. what D. that A

2. There is much chance ____ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. A B. which C. until D. If A

A. that

3. I have no idea ____ he will start. A. when B. that C. what D. /

4. His suggestion ____ the meeting be delayed was turned down. A. which B. that C. / D. it

B

5. We haven’t settled the question __C_ it is necessary for him to study abroad. A. if 【实践见真知】 一. 用适当的连接代词或连接副词填空 1.The news ___that____ he can't come to help us worries us a lot. 2.I have no idea ___when____ he will return.
在成长中快乐学习,在学习中快乐成长 5

B. where

C. whether D. that

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3.I have no information ___where____ he went camping last Sunday. 4.He expressed the opinion __that___ Tom should be made manager of the factory. 5.There's no doubt ___that____ he was killed in the accident. 6.There's great doubt ___whether____ he did so or not. 7.He told me the news ____that___ his house had just burned down. 8.Word came ___that____ the President of the USA would inspect the army. 二.将两个单句改写为含有同位语从句的复合句. 1. The news excited us. Our team won the game. _______________________________________ 2. The fact is clear. Women can work as well as men. _______________________________________

The news that our team has won the game was true. 我们队赢了那场比赛的消息是真的。 (同位语从句, 补充说明 news 到底是一个什么消息) The news that he told me yesterday was true. 昨天他告诉我的那个消息是真的。 (定语从句, news 在从句中作 told 的宾语)

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同位语从句和定语从句的区别。
同位语从句 that 只是起连接作用, 不充当成分 对前面名词进行补充说明,是名词的具体内 容 that 不能省 定语从句 that 起连接作用,充当主语或宾语

对前面名词进行修饰或限定

that 作宾语时可省

EG:I have heard the news that he visited factory.

(同位语从句) (定从)

I have heard the news that he told you the other day. 判断下列句子是同位语从句还是定语从句?

1. They expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again.

同 定

2. The hope that she expressed is that they would come to visit China again. 3. The fact that she works hard is well known to us all. 4. I can’t stand the terrible noise that she is crying loudly. 【例题点击】 同 同

1. Information has been put forward ____more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A. while B. that C. when D. as

答案为 B。more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities 是 information 的内容, 且连接词在从句中 不作成分, 所以该句为同位语从句。

2. It is said that more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. This is the information ____ has been put forward. A. what B. that C. when D. as
在成长中快乐学习,在学习中快乐成长 7

做中国真正“一站式”服务教育品牌
答案为 B。 that has been put forward 为 information 的修饰性定语, 且引导词在从句中作主语, 所以该句为定语从句。

HOMEWORK
一. 把下列句子翻译成英语。 1. 我向他许诺说我一到北京就给他写信。 2. 他经常问我这个问题,那就是这个工作是否值得做。 3. 他什么也不说,这一事实使大家都感到惊奇。 4. 在我看来,他刚才告诉我的这个消息是真实的。 5. 他突然想起他本来应该去接儿子的。

1. I made a promise that I would write to him as soon as I got to Beijing. 2. He often asked me the question whether the work was worth doing. 3. The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody. 4. In my opinion, the news (that / which) he told me just now is true. 5. A thought suddenly came to him that he should have picked up his son.

1.The fact ____ she works hard is well known to us all. A. that A. that A. what A. which A. when A. .if A. when A. which B. what B. what B. that B. that B. that B. that B. which B. whether C. why C. which C. why C./ C. what C. whether C. what C. that D. which D.why D. when D. it D./ D. which D. that D. what 2.The fact ____ he was successful proves his ability 3.The news ____ he was kidnapped surprised us greatly. 4.His suggestion ____ the meeting be delayed was turned down. 5.I have no idea ____ he will start. 6.I've come from the government with a message ____ the meeting won't be held tomorrow . 7.The thought ____ he might fail in the exam worried him. 8.The order ____ the prisoner be set free arrived too late. 9.The nurses are trying their best to reduce the patient's fear ____ he would die of the disease. 在成长中快乐学习,在学习中快乐成长 8

做中国真正“一站式”服务教育品牌 A. that A. whether
AABBA

B. as

C. of which B. where C. that

D. which D. when

10.He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing.

BDCAA

阅读专训
III. Cloze (15%) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. A couple of weeks ago, my friend offered to sell some of our things for us. I thought it was a good opportunity to 46 my 7-year-old son’s room and 47 some toys that were no longer suitable for him to play with. We agreed that all the money we got from selling the toys would be his money. The night before the In the yard he tires were 52 with a sign that 49 48 , we loaded up the truck with toys and a little bike that was too small for him. 50 . It wasn’t in the best 51 and was certainly not new, but the 53 , my friend put it on the sidewalk, 56 . the bike for the last time and then happily put it onto the truck. This little bike had at

least two previous owners as far as we good.

We put a price of $10 on it, but it didn’t sell. So, after the sale was In poor English he asked whether the bike was He smiled, got on the bike and rode away. 55

54 , “FREE BIKE”. Within five minutes her doorbell rang. A little boy was standing there. free. She said yes and that he could have it for

Later that evening when I told my son how much money he had made at the sale, he was very excited, shouting happily. He asked about a few of his things, wondering about the bike, I told him about the little boy and that made him him how much he had bike! 46. A. clean 47. A. look for 48. A. trip 49. A. rode 50. A. doubted 51. A. time 52. A. also 53. A. ahead 54. A. said B. check B. show B. found B. knew B. chance B. never B. on B. repeated C. still C. near C. copied C. display C. sale C. watched C. told C. place D. over D. expressed D. design D. deal with D. felt D. thought D. shape D. hardly D. decision B. go through C. show off 57 they had been sold. When he asked 60 of that little 58 . He was much happier than when I told

59. He was so happy to hear that someone else would make good

在成长中快乐学习,在学习中快乐成长 9

做中国真正“一站式”服务教育品牌 55. A. barely 56. A. something 57. A. when 58. A. smile 59. A. enjoyed 60. A. interest B. usually B. anything B. if B. worry B. lost B. money (20%) C. really C. why C. leave C. bought C. use D. always D. nothing D. cry D. made D. price D. how

C. everything

IV. Reading Comprehension

Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C or D. Choose the one that suits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Alan Tong was the worst driver in town. He had an accident of some kind almost every week. Alan lived with his mother. His mother was always worried about him. Every day she worried that police would turn up to arrest him. This wasn’t a foolish worry because they usually called on the Tong household about once a week to deliver a speeding ticket or to serve him notice to appear in court. Most of his accidents were caused by his carelessness. He drove through red lights. He turned right without signaling. He drove at night without proper lights. He overtook other cars on hills and sharp curve. In short there wasn’t a traffic regulation Alan had not broken, and he had had so many accidents that it was a miracle he was still alive. But luckily for Alan, he had never hurt anyone in his accidents or even gone to the hospital. Although Alan wasn’t popular with the police, he was very popular with his lawyer. Alan ’s lawyer, Mr.Tsui, had earned a lot of money from Alan’s cases and always rubbed his hands expectantly when he saw Alan coming into his office. One day Alan was working in the garage spraying painting his car when his mother walked in. “What are you doing?” his mother asked. “Painting my car,” Alan replied. “I can see that,” his mother said, “but why are you painting one side of the car red and the other side blue?” “Because every time I have to go to court for a traffic offense, there are always two witnesses ( 目击证 人) . “What color was the car?” the prosecutor always asks, and the two witnesses always give the same answer. Well, in the future, one witness will say it was blue. Mr. Tsui will then say to the judge, “Your honor, the witnesses cannot even agree on the color of the car involved in the accident.” And the judge will have to dismiss the case against me. 61. Alan’s mother ’s worries were _________. A. unbelievable B. quite reasonable C. silly D. unrelated to his bad driving

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做中国真正“一站式”服务教育品牌 62. Mr. Tsui ______________ . A. always volunteered to represent Alan in court. B. wasn’t popular with the police C. was good friends with Alan D. looked forward to Alan’s visit 63. What was Alan doing when his mother spoke to him? A. Painting his car all red. C. Painting the garage. 64. Why was he doing this? A. To confuse the evidence against him. B. To help the prosecutor in court. C. To make the witnesses agree. D. To create a good impression in court. (B) When I was about 12, I had an enemy, a girl who liked to point out my shortcomings. Week by week her list grew: I was very thin, I wasn’t a good student, I talked too much, I was too proud, and so on. I tried to hear all this as long as I could. At last, I became very angry. I ran to my father with tears in my eyes. He listened to me quietly, then he asked. “Are the things she says true or not? Janet, didn’t you ever wonder what you’re really like? Well, you now have that girl’s opinion. Go and make a list of everything she said and mark the points that are true. Pay no attention to the other things she said.” I did as he told me. To my great surprise, I discovered that about half the things were true. Some of them I couldn’t change (like being very thin), but a good number I could—and suddenly I wanted to change. For the first time I go to fairly clear picture of myself. I brought the list back to Daddy. He refused to take it.“That’s just for you,” he said.“You know better than anyone else the truth about yourself. But you have to learn to listen, not just close your ears in anger and feeling hurt. When something said about you is true, you’ll find it will be of help to you. Our world is full of people who think they know your duty. Don’t shut your ears. Listen to them all, but hear the truth and do what you know is the right thing to do.” Daddy’s advice has returned to me at many important moments. In my life, I’ve never had a better piece of advice. 65. What did the father do after he had heard his daughter’s complaint? A. He told her not to pay any attention to what her “enemy” had said. B. He criticized her and told her to overcome her shortcomings. C. He told her to write down all that her “enemy” had said about her and pay attention only to the B. Painting his car two colors. D. Cleaning his car with a new car wash

在成长中快乐学习,在学习中快乐成长 11

做中国真正“一站式”服务教育品牌 things that were true. D. He refused to take the list and have a look at it. 66. What does “Week by week her list grew” mean? A. Week by week she discovered more shortcomings of mine and pointed them out to me. B. She had made a list of my shortcomings and she kept on adding new ones to it so that it was growing longer and longer. C. I was having more and more shortcomings as time went on. D. Week by week, my shortcomings grew more serious. 67. Which do you think would be the best title for this passage? A. Not an Enemy, but the Best Friend C. My Father B. The Best Advice I’ve Ever Had D. My Childhood

温馨提示:敬爱的家长您们好!请您在家期间要尽量督促您的孩子完成学科老师布置的课后作业,以便下一堂课老 师能对该知识点进行复习和巩固。咱们的奋斗目标是一致的:那就是都是为了您的孩子能健康地成长、快乐地学习! 感谢您的配合! 成长快乐英语老师甘绍旭

在成长中快乐学习,在学习中快乐成长 12


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