江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的（A、B、C 和 D）四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 21. I once watch
ed ________ one-act play, which was played by ________ 11-year-old boy. A. a, a B. an, an C. a, an D. an, a 22. —How do you think I can make up with Johnson? —Set aside ________ you disagree and try to find ________ you have in common. A. what; what A. will A. is dated from leisure and play. A. In exchange for B. In response to C. In harmony with D. In terms of 26. It is said that by no means ________ to get into this laboratory without Mr. Jackson?s permission. A. can be allowed the students C. can be the students allowed 27. ________, I think, and you?ll achieve your goal. A. Only if you keep your spirits up C. If you double your effort 28. —I went to the beach and got plenty of rest. —________ You looked tired last time I saw you. A. I had hoped so. playing with fire. A. it, it B. what, what C. it, what D. what, it 30. —Nowadays, some small companies find it difficult to get loans from banks. —You are right. Banks normally give ________ to large businesses. A. responsibility A. subscribes to A. don?t my wounded hand?” A. that B. which C. where
B. where; what B. should B. was dated from
C. what; which C. can C. dates from
D. where; which D. shall D. dated from
23. Persons under 18 ________ not be employed in night work according to our government?s regulation. 24. The bridge, which________ 1688, needs repairing. 25. ________ parents? complaints, some cities have significantly cut school hours to give children more time for
B. the students can be allowed D. can the students be allowed B. A bit more efforts D. Making more effort
C. I?m glad you did. D. That sounds a good idea.
29. Everyone knows that ________ is dangerous to play with fire, but ________ is difficult is to prevent children from
B. minority B. applies to B. will
C. priority C. submits to C. do
D. quantity D. corresponds to D. shall
31. Human rights protection is a universal principle that ________ all, including criminals. 32. Don?t forget the appointment with the principal at the registry office, ________ you? 33. A man with a bleeding hand hurried in and asked, “Is there a hospital around ________ I can get some medicine for D. what
34. ________ her life to her son, the mother was pleased to see him ________ a famous university at last.
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
A. Devoting, admitted to C. Devoted, admitting to
B. Devoting, being admitted to D. Devoted, admitted to
35. —My son, who is now studying at a university, uses more than 3,000 yuan a month. —Well, tell him to be economical! After all, _________.? A. money doesn?t grow on trees C. the morning sun never lasts a day B. lightly come, lightly go D. penny wise, pound foolish
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的（A、B、C 和 D）四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A serious car crash leads one woman to rediscover her faith in human kindness. In March last year, the car I was driving was soon 37 36 in a serious crash with another car on a country road. I 38 me out of my wrecked car and 39 myself at the centre of a frenzy of activity, surrounded by paramedics, police, rescuers and members
of the local community. An enormous can opener was used to an ambulance.
Over the next eight hours, l was transported to hospital, dragged up, X-rayed and diagnosed with a broken neck. Knowing ?that I?d emergency ward and 40 41 death by a fraction of a second sustained (维持) me throughout the long wait in the me to deal with the visible distress (痛苦) of my hospital visitors. 42 could I direct my energies inwards. Flitting in and out of my 44 in white who, from time to 43 45 was the Red Cross lady, a gentle
Only after I?d convinced the last friend to line of vision during my hospital time, popped her head in to 46 that I was all right. I found myself by my trolley and family. She 51 Even now, the 47 50 52
cups of tea. After the visitors had gone, she ventured further into my ward to 48 , my fears for my family as a result of
her everything; about the shock of the 49
my injuries - about my whole life. While I
for an ambulance to transport me to another hospital, she stood
my hand as I off-loaded all the emotion I?d stoically withheld (默默承受着) from my that I have her contact details provides me with great 54 53 . I look forward to a 55 of a
, quiet and non-judgmental. circumstances.
day in the not-too-distant future when my guardian angel and I can meet again, in stranger, has helped ease my journey back to recovery. 36. A. caught 37. A. imagined 38. A. push 39. A. into 40. A. survived 41. A. advised 42. A. assist 43. A. stay 44. A. patient 45. A. make 46. A. claim 47. A. presenting B. trapped B. found B. force B. onto B. met B. forced B. leave B. visit B. performance B. offer B. consult B. showing C. lost C. devoted C. get C. off C. beat C. ordered C. participate C. operation C. presence C. drink C. conclude C. giving
In times of crisis, faith can sustain us: for me, my faith in human nature, reawakened by the D. involved D. dreamed D. turn D. on D. feared D. helped D. come D. appointment D. physician D. take D. check D. telling
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
48. A. accident 49. A. hoped 50. A. held 51. A. puzzled 52. A. knowledge 53. A. progress 54. A. unforeseen 55. A. sympathy
B. incident B. prepared B. lent B. doubted B. belief B. pride B. happier B. strength
C. event C. waited C. moved C. stopped C. power C. surprise C. strange C. kindness
D. occasion D. watched D. waved D. listened D. privilege D. comfort D. extreme D. Donatio
任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注意：每空只能填 1 个单词。 Made in the USA: An Export Boom In his State of the Union addressed two years ago, President Obama argued that in order to recover from the economic recession, one of the few things the U.S. needed to do was to export more goods around the world. That night, the president unveiled a new goal: to double U.S. exports over the next five years. It would be an increase that the president said would “support two million jobs in America.” Most economists dismissed the promise at the time as something unrealistic, but two years later, the U. S. is on pace to meet that goal. American exports are up 34 percent since the president gave that speech, and the number continues to rise. Competitive In A Global Market Marlin Steel, a metal working business in Baltimore, makes parts that ship all across the world. “We export to 36 countries,” owner Drew Greenblatt tells All Things Considered Host Guy Raz. “We?re working around the clock, and we?re growing.” It?s not just advanced manufacturing exports on the rise, but pork, cattle and all kinds of agricultural exports are up as well. Even American craft beer has found an export market. Flying Dog CEO Jim Caruso says that increasingly, people all over the world are trying the beer from the Maryland-based brewery. Caruso says, “Even in those top beer-producing countries, a competitive American product is finding a market.” Services Are Exports, Too Another place exports are coming from is New York City—in particular, the 30th floor of a Manhattan skyscraper on 5th Avenue and 52nd Street. That?s where the consulting firm Kurt Solomon lies. It doesn?t actually produce a product for export; it provides management advice and strategy. “Four out of every five Americans is now employed in the service industry,” the nation?s top trade official, Ron Kirk says, “Services are a significant part of our exports, and make up about a quarter of our exported goods.” These services can include everything from legal consulting, finance, information technology and even engineering. And There Are Other Factors So why has there been an increase of more than 30 percent for exports in almost everything? Part of the increase, at least for the manufacturing side, is due to better technology, says Tyler Cowen, an economist. “A lot of it is being driven by smart machines,” he tells Raz, “The U.S. has high wage rates, which is a disadvantage, but if machines are doing a lot of the work, that doesn?t matter.”
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
China factors a lot in America?s export economy, too. “Wages in China have been going up as the country becomes more productive. Thus China is losing the cheap labor advantage it has held for some time.” Cowen says. Will Jobs Grow, too? “Companies have become more productive by dismissing workers and lowering costs.” Cowen says, “So I don?t view exporting as a way of creating a very large number of jobs, but it will create more profits.” So not every business or worker is necessarily benefiting from the export boom in the U. S., and Cowen says that could ultimately lead to a polarization (两极) of economic outcomes.
Made In the USA: An Export Boom
Outline The purpose of increasing exports The current
*To help America make a (71) ________ from the economic recession *To help raise the nation?s (72) ________ rate *American exports have risen (73) ________ thirty-four percent up to now *There has been an increase in exports in everything *The export boom does not necessarily (74) ________ every business or worker (76)________ products Even in those top beer-producing countries, people try craft beer from Flying Dog, a brewery (77) ________ in Maryland. A variety of products are provided around the world, services (78) ________ for 25% *(79) ________ take the place of labor, helping companies reduce wages Lower costs *China, who used to take (80) ________ of cheap labor, has given way to America in exports to some extent because of its increasing production
(75) ________ contributing to the boom export
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 从每题所给的（A、B、C 和 D）四个选项中选出最佳选项。 (A) At the top of a three-story brick building, Sue and Johnsy had their studio. One of the girls was from Maine; the other from California. They had met in an Eighth Street restaurant, and found their tastes in art, chicory salad and bishop sleeves so much in tune that the joint studio resulted. That was in May. In November, a cold, unseen stranger, whom the doctors called “pneumonia”, stalked about the district, touching one here and there with his icy fingers. Johnsy was among his victims. One morning the busy doctor invited Sue into the hallway with a bushy, gray eyebrow. “She has one chance in ten,” he said. “And that chance is for her to want to live. Your little lady has made up her mind that she?s not going to get well. Has she anything on her mind?” “She wanted to paint the Bay of Naples some day,” said Sue. “Paint? Bosh! Has she anything on her mind worth thinking about twice? A man, for instance?” “No, doctor; there is nothing of the kind.” “Well,” said the doctor. “I will do all that science can accomplish. But whenever my patient begins to count the carriage in her funeral procession, I take 50 per cent away from the power of medicines.” After the doctor had gone, Sue cried. Johnsy lay, scarcely making a movement under the bedclothes, with her face toward the window. She was looking out and counting—counting backward. “Twelve,” she said, and a little later “eleven,” and then “ten,” and “nine,” and then “eight,” and “seven,” almost together. Sue looked out of the window. What was there to count? There was only a bare, dull yard to be seen, and an old, old ivy vine climbed half way up the brick wall of the brick house. The cold breath of autumn had blown away its leaves, leaving it almost bare. “Six,? said Johnsy, in almost a whisper. “They?re falling faster now. Three days ago there were almost a hundred. It made my head ache to count them. But now it?s easy. There goes another one. There are only five left now.” “Five what, dear?” “Leaves, on the ivy vine. When the last one falls I must go, too. I?ve known that for three days. Didn?t the doctor tell you?” “Oh, I?ve never heard of such nonsense. Don?t be so silly. Why, the doctor told me this morning that your chances for getting well soon were ten to one! Try to take some soup now, and let Sue go and buy pork chops for her sick child.” 56. What do you know about Sue and Johnsy from the first paragraph? A. They had a lot in common with each other. B. They are from the same state in the United States. C. They set up their studio on the third floor in order to see the ivy vine outside. D. They both began wearing clothes with bishop sleeves only after they set up their studio. 57. Which of the following statements best describes the underlined word “pneumonia”?
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
A. It was a stranger with magic power and was invisible to others. B. It was a disease which resulted in many symptoms, or even death. C. It was someone who carried deadly bacteria and passed them to people. D. It was a person who was moving around the district touching people with icy fingers. 58. What can we learn from the passage? A. Johnsy had a bad temper and couldn?t control her emotions very well. B. Johnsy made up her mind to die because she had no confidence in science. C. Johnsy counted the ivy vine leaves because she liked them and got inspiration from them. D. The doctor believed that medicine would lose half of its power on the patient who did not want to live. 59. What may Sue do for her friend next? A. To go and buy pork chops for Johnsy. C. To ask Johnsy to paint the Bay of Naples. B. To prepare the funeral quickly. D. To find Johnsy a boyfriend immediately. (B) Seligman is leading the research on what might be called Happiness Revolution in psychology. Since World War II, psychologists have focused on fixing what is broken —repairing psychosis (精神病), and neurosis (精神衰弱). Research has piled up steadily when it comes to looking at patients who are neurotic, while the happy or joyful people among us have received little scientific examination. When Seligman did a search to find academic articles about such ?positive psychology? he found only 800 out of 70,000. ?Psychologists tend to be concerned with taking a negative 8 person, and helping him get to negative 2,? said Seligman, a psychology professor of the University of Pennsylvania. ?My aim is to take a plus 2 person and boost him to a plus 6.? In the last 50 years, statistics have shown that we are less happy as a people. ?While our quality of life has increased dramatically over that time, and we?ve become richer, we?re in an epidemic of depression,? Seligman said. ?Depression is 10 times more common now, and life satisfaction rates are down as well.? Seligman argues that the new science he writes about is shifting psychology?s model away from its narrow-minded focus on mental illness towards positive emotion, virtue and strength that increase people?s happiness. If you want to be happy, forget about winning the lottery (抽奖), getting a nose job, or securing a raise. In his new book, Authentic Happiness, psychologist Martin Seligman argues that overall lifetime happiness is not the result of good genes, money, or even luck. Instead, he says we can increase our own happiness by making use of the strengths and virtues that we already have, including kindness, originality, humor, optimism, and generosity. He has named the field ?Positive Psychology,? arguing that we would be better off building on our own strengths rather than mourning, and, hence, trying to repair, our weaknesses. By frequently calling upon their strengths, people can build up natural barriers against misfortune and negative emotions, he said. Science has shown that there are several distinct roads to being a happy person—though happiness might not mean what you think. Material goods—even simple ones like ice cream, and massages—are only stimulating things that rapidly give people a boost. To cultivate happiness, we must first find out our individual strengths and virtues. Next, apply the qualities in such a way as to enhance your happiness-generating system. 60. The distinctive feature of Seligman?s work lies in ________. A. evaluating the psychological state of people B. making a study of people who suffer from mental illness
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
C. focusing the scientific examination on the happy or joyful people D. figuring out the exact number of the academic articles about ?positive psychology? 61. What does Seligman mean by saying ?take a plus 2 person and boost him to a plus 6?? A. We should focus on happy or joyful people. B. We need more and more happy and joyful people. C. It?s difficult to make people happy from a plus 2 to plus 6. D. Happy people also need to improve their level of happiness. 62. According to the passage, which of the statements might Martin Seligman support? A. Promotion leads to true happiness. B. We can rely on our strengths for happiness. C. Intelligent people are usually more satisfied. D. Mental illness should be the focus of psychology. 63. The passage mainly talks about ______. A. strengths and emotions C. development of psychology B. ways to cultivate happiness D. effect of positive psychology (C) TENANCY AGREEMENT DEFINITIONS THE LANDLORD Mrs Gloria Black of 6 Sutton Road, Cambridge CB5 7AQ THE TENANT Marina Kahn PROPERTY 24a Wood Road, Cambridge CB2 8BG TOGETHER WITH CONTENTS (fixtures, furniture and equipment) specified in the inventory (attached) TERM from 1st January 20 to 31st December 20 (12 months) RENT ? 500 per calendar month, payable in advance on the first day of each month DEPOSIT ? 500, payable on commencement of this Agreement AGREEMENTS A The Landlord may re-enter the Property and terminate this Agreement if the Rent or any part of it is not paid within fourteen days after it becomes due. B The Landlord may bring the tenancy to an end at any time before the expiry of the Term (but not earlier than six months from the Commencement Date of this Contract) by giving the Tenant not less than two months? written notice starting that the Landlord requires possession of the Property. pilot C The Landlord shall put the deposit with the Deposit Protection Service, and shall inform the Tenant within 14 days of taking the deposit of the contact details of this service and details of how to apply for the release of the deposit from this service. TENANT’S OBLIGATIONS 1 Pay the Rent into the Landlord?s bank account at the times specified. 2 Pay for all water, gas and electricity consumed on the Property during the Term; and pay in full for all charges made for the use of telephone on the Property during the Term. 3 Keep the interior of the Property during the Term in a good and clean state of repair, condition and decoration.
4 Permit the Landlord to enter the Property at all reasonable times; to inspect the Property and its contents; and to
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
carry out any works of maintenance or repair to the Property; to show prospective new Tenants around the Property at the end of the tenancy. 5 Not take in any paying guest without the prior written consent of the Landlord. 6 Not use the Property other than as a private dwelling; nor carry on any profession, trade or business in the Property. 7 Not use any musical instrument, wireless or television between midnight and 7 am, nor permit any singing or dancing between these hours. 8 Not keep in the Property any cat, dog or other pet without the prior written consent of the Landlord. SIGNATURES Tenant: Witnessed by: Name (print): MARINA KAHN Name (print): ALICE RACE Signed: Marina Kahn Signed: A. RACE
Occupation: SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHER Address: 16 School House Lane, Cambridge, CB2 8GH Landlord: Witnessed by: Name (print): GLORIA BLACK Name (print): OLIVE LYDIA LEE Occupation: LIBRARIAN Address: 3 Fieldhead Road, Peterborough PB4 8DU 64. What?s the landlord?s witness? A. A teacher. B. A librarian. C. A house agent. D. A bank clerk. 65. Which of the following is allowed in the property? A. Watching TV at any time. C. Holding an all-night dancing party. A. He can keep the deposit for himself. B. He can take back his property whenever he wants. C. He can enter the property to inspect its contents. D. He can show new tenants around the property at any time. (D) If you were to come up with a list of organizations whose failures had done the most damage to the American economy in recent years, you would probably have to start with the Wall Street firms that brought us the financial crisis. From there, you might move on to the automakers in Detroit. But I would suggest that the list should also include a less obvious nominee: public education. At its top level, the American system of higher education may be the best in the world. Yet in terms of its core mission—turning teenagers into educated college graduates—much of the system is failing. The United States does a good job enrolling (招生) teenagers in college, but only half of the students who enroll end up with a bachelor ?s degree. So identifying the causes of the college dropout crisis in the world?s largest economy matters enormously, and a new book called “Crossing the Finish Line” tries to do precisely that. Its authors are economists William Bowen and Michael McPherson, and a doctoral candidate Matthew Chingos. The first problem they diagnose is something they call under-matching. It refers to students who choose not to attend the best college they can get into. They instead go to a less selective one, perhaps one that is closer to home or less expensive. About half of the low-income students with a
Signed: Gloria Black Signed: Olive L Lee
B. Changing it into a business office. D. Entertaining friends with self-cooked meals.
66. Which of the following is the right of the landlord?
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
grade-point average of at least 3.5 in high school and an SAT score of at least 1,200 do not attend the best college they could have. “I was really astonished by the degree to which well-qualified students from poor families under-matched,” said Mr. Bowen. In fact, well-off students attend the colleges that do the best job of producing graduates. Meanwhile, lower-income students—even when they are better qualified—often go to colleges that excel in producing drop-outs. “It?s really a waste,” Mr. Bowen said, “and a big problem for the country.” As the authors point out, the only way to lift the college graduation rate significantly is to lift it among poor and working-class students. Instead, it appears to have fallen. What can be done? Money is clearly part of the answer. 67. Which of the following would people first think of as a factor responsible for the American financial crisis according to this passage? A. The Wall Street firms. C. Public education. A. Many college students stay away from classes. B. It is hard to enroll enough students into college. C. Many colleges are experiencing low rate of graduation. D. It is hard for many colleges to get financial aid from the government. 69. Why do some students under-match? A. Because they lack confidence. C. Because they face ambition crisis. 70. The passage is mainly about ________. A. America?s financial crisis, its cause and influence B. relationship between American education and its economy C. low rate of American college graduation, its cause and its influence D. problems with secondary American education and possible solutions 第二节：书面表达 (满分 25 分) 中学生考入大学后，是否要立即为其配备笔记本电脑，对此，有人赞同，有人反对。请根据以下提示内容， 写一篇英语短文，并发表自己的看法。 理由 赞成 反对 你的看法 1、 是对孩子发奋努力取得好成绩的肯定和奖励； 2、 方便今后的学习，可以随时随地上网查资料。 1、 给有些家庭增加经济负担； 2、 大学学习条件比较优越，有足够的计算机房供学生使用。 至少两点 B. Because they can?t get guidance. D. Because they have financial difficulty. B. The government. D. The Detroit automakers.
68. What is a big problem with American higher education?
江苏省淮阴中学 2014 届高三英语综合练习 004 号
Is it necessary for freshmen to have a laptop when they go to university? 单选 CBDCB/ DBCCC /BBCAA 完形 DBCAA / DBACB/ DDACA / DADBC 阅读 ABDA CDBB BDC ACDC 71. recovery 72. employment 73. by 74. benefit 75. Factors 76. Competitive 77. located/based 78. accounting 79. Machines 80. advantage Is it necessary for freshmen to have a laptop when they go to university? Different people have different ideas. Some think it is necessary, and others think not. The supporters think that children deserve a laptop as a reward for their great efforts and achievements. In addition, having a laptop in hand would bring more convenience to their studies and easier access to the Internet, which will in turn absolutely benefit them. The opponents believe it would add to the financial burden of some families, especially those in serious financial difficulty. On top of that, many universities are equipped with modern facilities, providing students with adequate computers for use. From my point of view, economic conditions permitting, it is acceptable/not a bad idea to buy a laptop. With its help, we can have a better knowledge of the world, which will broaden our horizons and enrich our knowledge. Besides, living far away from our families, we can keep in touch with ours parents and friends by means of a laptop. （As far as I am concerned, it is not necessary to buy a laptop for freshmen. The reason for this is that they can freely have access to the computers in universities. What?s worse, they may be addicted to computer games because of lack of the ability to control themselves, which will have bad effects on their study and health.）
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