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5.Grammar(1)


Grammar and usage

Future Continuous Tense

Future continuous tense
Form:

will (not) + be + v-ing

Translation
1. We leave London on 15th July, and we will be flying to Morocco,

in northern Africa.
(7月15号, 我们将离开伦敦, 然后

飞往北非的摩洛哥。)

2. Since we will be walking every

day for almost two weeks, I will
need to buy a large, strong light

backpack.
(既然我们将每天行走将近两周,

我需要买一个又大又结实的背
包。)

Future continuous tense
will/shall(not) +be + doing When do we use it?

Sunday Start climbing

Tuesday

Saturday
finish climbing

Start climbing

Finish climbing

Toby will be climbing in the Himalayas all next week.

Toby will be climbing in the Himalayas all next week.

(1)表示将来某一段时间内持续做 的动作。 e.g. I will be visiting Europe next week.

(2)表示将来某个时间前已开始做 的动作并很有可能继续下去。

Start climbing

Finish climbing

Toby will not be in London next Tuesday. He will be climbing in the Himalayas.

(3)指不包含说话者主观意愿的,表达 某件事会自然而然地发生的事情。 e.g. Tom won’t be cutting the grass.
(fact, without intention)

汤姆将不割草。
Tom won’t cut the grass.

汤姆拒绝割草。

(4)委婉地询问对方的未来计划, 比用will do听起来更有礼貌。 e. g. Will you be visiting your uncle in Tanzania? Will you visit your uncle in

Tanzania?

Practice
A: Translate the following sentences into English. 1) 今天下午三点到四点, 我们要开会。 We ______________(have) a meeting from 3 to 4 this afternoon. 2) 我想他马上就会到的。 I believe he______(come) soon.

3)今天下午我要去送一个朋友。
I ________ (see) a friend off this

afternoon.
我不知道我们什么时候再在一起工作。 4)I don’t know when we ________(work) together again.

Page 29

黄鹤楼

Page 29

(1) will be travelling (2) will be interviewing (3) will be going (4) will write (5) will be exploring

B: Multiple choice: 1. Send for a doctor quickly, or the old man___. A. will die C. dies B. is dying D. died

2. Henry will not be able to attend the meeting tonight because ____. A. he must teach a class B. he will be teaching a class C. he teaches a class

D. he will have been teaching

3. We ___ a basketball match at five tomorrow afternoon. A. will have watched B. watch C. can watch

D. will be watching

4. If he ___, don’t interrupt him.

A. still works
B. will still be working

C. still has been working
D. is still working

5. If the horse wins tomorrow, he ___ twenty races in the past three years. A. will win B. would win C. will have won D. has won

Future in the past

Revision
Change direct speech into indirect speech. 1. Bob: I’m going to watch birds. Li Ming: Bob said ____________ he was going ____________ to watch birds. 2. Wu Dong: I’ll go to my uncle’s. Colin: Wu Dong said __________ he would go ____________ to his uncle’s.

Question: So what is the tense of
the two underlined parts? Future in the past When do we can use it?

(A) report an action in the past from a time when it was still in the future e.g. They were sure that they would win the final victory. (“be sure” happened in the past, the action “win the final victory” happened in the future compared with action of “be sure”)

(B) indicate a past intention
e.g. I was going to leave, but then it rained. (C) indicate a past arrangement e.g. I was meeting him in town the next day.

(D) mean that the future action

actually happened
e.g. The journey that was to change

Toby’s life started in July that
year.

The form of future in the past:

(A) would + do
e.g. I told you Colin and I would spend a few weeks traveling. She would go for a walk after she had supper.

(B) was/were going to
e.g. We were going to see the wild

animals, but then we didn’t have
time. (C) was/were to e.g. It was his last day at school, and he was to leave the next morning.

(D) was/were about to e.g. Colin was about to get off the camel when a child ran towards him.

Multiple choice
1. ---- Alice, why didn’t you come yesterday? ---- I___, but I had an unexpected visitor. A. had C. was going to B. would D. did

2. I first met Lisa three years ago. She ____ at a radio shop at the time. A. has worked B. was working

C. had just started D. had worked

3. I don’t think Jim saw me; he____ into space. A. just started B. was just starting C. has just started

D. had just started

4. We were all surprised when he made it clear that he_____ office soon. (NMET1992) A. leaves C. left B. would leave D. had left

5. ---Come in, Peter. I want to show you something. ---Oh, how nice of you! I___ you____ to bring me a gift. (NMET1990) A. never think; are going B. never thought; were going C. didn’t think; were going D. hadn’t thought; were going

6. He____ anyone the minute he
____ they needed help.

A. would help; saw
B. helped; saw C. will help; sees D. helps; sees

7. As I ____ the next day, I went to bed early on Thursday evening. A. was leaving B. had left C. will leave D. left 8. I had no idea if he _____ the meeting. A. will attend B. attends C. will have attended D. would attend

9. I ____ to start off when it began to rain. A. was B. was able C. wanted D. was about 10. They wanted to know what ____ next. A. would happen B. has happened C. will happen D. is going to happen


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