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2013-2014学年度--宝山区高三英语第一学期期末质量抽查试卷


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2013 学年第一学期期末 高三年级英语学科质量监测试卷
考生注意: 1. 考试时间 120 分钟,试卷满分 100 分。 2. 本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(第 1—10 页)和第Ⅱ卷(第 10 页) ,全卷共 10 页。 第 I 卷第 1-16 小题、第 41-77 小题采用多项选择题形式,答案必须涂写在答题纸相应位置,写在试卷上 无效。第 I 卷第 17-40 小题、第 78-81 小题和第 II 卷的试题,其答案必须写在答题纸相应位置,写在试 卷上无效。 3.答题前,务必在答题纸上填写姓名、班级、学校和准考证号,并用铅笔在答题纸上正确涂写准考证号。 II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) As a student, I get so many assignments every day. I have to stay up late in order to finish all my homework. I used to complain about all this pressure (25) for their hard work. We only (26) worked (28) school with my classmates. We did not appreciate our teachers we knew that our teachers (know) that we got a lot of homework.

After a few months, we did not complain about homework anymore (27)

(hard) than we did. We had no right to complain. Sometimes, we said, ―I didn’t go to bed until

12:00 o’clock last night. Now I just want to sleep.‖ Our teacher would answer us, ―I go to bed at 1:00 a.m. every day.‖ Since we knew how hard teachers work, we started to appreciate them. To give our thanks, we wrote a big card to the teachers (29) it was teachers’ day. When they got our card, they (30) (touch) because their students finally knew the teachers’ effort. After giving the card, I realized (31) powerful the sentence ―thank you‖ is. When we give our thanks to somebody, the world is full of love. I say ―thank you‖ to my friends, family, classmates, teachers, and even strangers. I like to see the smiles on their faces, so (32) (say) ―thank you‖ every day is the way I make the world a better place. (B) The year before last, a new superhero landed on Earth to live among humans. When people needed help, Thor became their defender and saved (33) Hemsworth. Hemsworth was born in Melbourne, Australia, in 1983. His family moved between Melbourne and the Northern Territory. In the Northern Territory, Hemsworth’s parents worked on a cattle station. The work required the family (34) (live) two hours from the nearest big city. Since they had no TV, Hemsworth and his brothers . They played outside, (36) (build) weapons and forts (堡垒). Later the family learned to entertain (35) world. People loved Thor and the actor who played him — Chris

settled on Philip’s Island south of Melbourne (37) Hemsworth enjoyed surfing. In 2012, Hemsworth played Thor again in the film The Avengers. He was one of a group of superheroes (38) (assemble) to save planet Earth. That film earned $1 billion worldwide in just 19 days! He also starred in (39) is called Snow White and the Huntsman. Audiences (40) ____ seem to get enough of him! A second Thor film,
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Thor 2, is due out in 2013. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. breaks F. connected B. viewing G. physical C. texting H. symptoms D. permanent E. positioned I. complaining J. effectively

K. simply

The next time you’re riding a subway or bus, pay attention to your fellow passengers. Chances are you’ll see plenty of them with their heads down, tapping the screens of their tablets or these folks may be making good use of their time by staying convenience. As hand-held devices such as smartphones and tablets are becoming more common, users are reporting some new 43 problems. Florida chiropractor (脊椎按摩师) Dean Fishman began noticing an increased number of 44 of neck and shoulder pain. He traced these 45 to the overuse of hand-held devices, 46 spinal (脊柱的) damage. He his patients 41 on their smartphones. While 42 , their bodies are paying a heavy price for such

specifically the action of bending the neck, and created the term ―Text Neck.‖ As if the painful symptoms weren’t bad enough, Fishman warns that an untreated case of Text Neck could lead to founded the Text Neck Institute in an effort to treat and educate those suffering from Text Neck. Treatments offered there include chiropractic care, physical therapy, massage therapy and exercise planning. In order to avoid or reduce the possibility of getting Text Neck, use the following basic ? ? ? relation to the device. Take frequent For those who 48 50 when using any kind of mobile device. 49 angle. can’t take their eyes off their devices, there is an ironic twist – downloading a special When using a tablet, use a case that can back up the device at comfortable principles: 47 in Avoid awkward positioning. Don’t strain (滥用) your neck, and stay aware of how your body is

app(应用程序)could help. Dr. Fishman has released an app called the Text Neck Indicator App, which measures the angle of your smartpphone. When the angle is appropriate, a green light appears in the upper corner of your screen. But when the angle puts you at risk for neck strain, the light turns red, obliging you to adjust your angle. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. More and more shoppers are buying things online these days, allowing them to avoid 51 salespeople and long lines at checkout counters. In spite of online convenience, 52 , there are some items — like clothes — that customers prefer to 53 before buying. In light of this, two companies are finding ways to modernize stores and 54 the gap between online and in-store retail (零售). A software company that also happens to sell designer jeans, Hointer has created a fast and painless shopping 55 for its customers. Shoppers walk into a Hointer store and select one of the many pairs of jeans 56 down from bars. Then they point their smartphones at the tag and 57 the Hointer app, after which they select the size and press ―try

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on.‖ The app then directs them to a specific dressing room. German-made robots bring out the 58 jeans and deliver them through a chute (斜槽) to the dressing room in about 30 seconds. Immediately after 59 pairs of jeans are dropped through another chute, the ―outbox,‖ they disappear from the list in the app. Purchases at Hointer are made with a swipe (刷卡) of a credit card. And interacting with a salesperson is optional! This allows Hointer to hire fewer people and focus on their ultimate goal: developing 60 that supports a retail revolution. Men’s clothing retailer Bonobos has 61 a more personalized shopping experience. Although it is — in fact — an online retailer, Bonobos has decided to open a handful of brick-and-mortar stores called Guideshops. Shoppers make a(n) 62 online before arriving at a Guideshop, where they receive one-on-one 63 from a fitting guide. Because these shops have limited inventories (存货), shoppers aren’t able to take home the outfits they select. But guides help shoppers make online purchases before they leave, after which the items will be 64 to customers in one or two days. While Hointer focuses on convenience, Bonobos Guideshops focus on customer service. But both efforts have one thing 65 : giving clothing retailers a new look for the 21st century. 51. A. respectable 52. A. however 53. A. convince 54. A. break 55. A. experience 56. A. hiding 57. A. start 58. A. desired 59. A. qualified 60. A. employment 61. A. come up with 62. A. decision 63. A. contact 64. A. presented 65. A. in conclusion B. considerate B. therefore B. guarantee B. bridge B. mall B. hanging B. upload B. well-designed B. wanted B. efficiency B. looked forward to B. appointment B. instruction B. packaged B. in common C. aggressive C. anyway C. ensure C. shallow C. direction C. storing C. save C. promoted C. chosen C. technology C. looked up C. contribution C. notice C. delivered C. as usual D. violent D. moreover D. examine D. deepen D. principle D. labeling D. download D. well-prepared D. unwanted D. market D. brought up D. impression D. attention D. transferred D. in general

Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Any snakebite can be dangerous if infection sets in. Some types of snake poison make the bite area swollen (肿胀的) or painful. Others cause bleeding or damage the heart’s nerves. Here are some especially dangerous snakes: The largest of all poisonous snakes, king cobras can reach 5.5 meters in length. Each king cobra bite contains enough poison to kill an elephant — or 20 people. But these big snakes usually avoid people. They live throughout India, southern China and Southeast Asia. A bite from Australia’s inland taipan, the world’s most poisonous snake, releases enough poison to kill 100

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men. The good news is that people rarely come in contact with this snake, and a treatment for its poison exists. Russell’s viper lives throughout Asia, including India, southern China, and on the island of Taiwan. It prefers grassy fields but can be found in forests and urban areas. It bites more people and causes more deaths than any other poisonous snake. Though short, the common Indian krait packs a powerful punch (攻击) in its bite. Most often, it strikes people at night while they are sleeping. Since the bite causes little pain, victims are often not sure that they have been bitten until they begin to experience stomach cramps (痉挛). Without treatment, symptoms will worsen quickly and can lead to death. The black mamba, a native of Africa, is actually olive or grey in color. Only the inside of its mouth is black. When black mambas feel threatened by a human, they make a loud hissing sound to warn the person away. If the warning is ignored, the snake will attack the person repeatedly. And they can attack quickly, moving over the ground at speeds of up to 20 kilometers per hour. 66. According to this article, what is a particular feature of the king cobra? A. Its seasonal changes. B. Its lack of movement. C. Its sense of hearing. D. Its remarkable size. 67. According to this article, which of the following is known for its speed? A. The inland taipan. B. The black mamba. C. The Indian krait. D. The Russell’s viper. 68. What does the article imply about the inland taipan? A. It was once believed to be extinct. B. A chance meeting with it could be fatal. C. Some people keep one as a pet. D. Very little is known about its behavior. 69. In which magazine would you most likely find this article? A. Let’s Explore Nature B. Weekly Travel Digest C. Psychology Magazine D. Global Warning News (B) Basketball, baseball and soccer are classic sports that people will always enjoy. And yet we keep changing popular games like these in new ways to keep them fresh. Underwater hockey This game is played in swimming pools with two teams of six players. Each player has flippers (蛙鞋), a snorkel and a stick used for hitting a puck (圆盘). Each team earns points by hitting the puck into its underwater goal. Other team members must be ready to take the puck when a team member goes up for air. That makes underwater hockey a true team sport. Chessboxing A sport can also be revised by mixing it with another game. In chessboxing, two players 4 compete on the chess board and in the ring. First, their minds are tested in a game of chess. Then they use their strength in a round of

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Bossaball This exciting sport is part volleyball and part soccer. But unlike both of those sports, players jump up and down throughout the game. That’s because it’s played on an inflatable (可充气的) volleyball court with a trampoline on either side of the net. One player bounce on the trampoline while up to four others stand around it. A team can touch the ball six times before sending it back across the net. Each player may touch the ball once with arms or twice with other body parts. Cycleball Another fun game to watch, cycleball is like indoor soccer on wheels. Each player rides a special bike designed for the game. Like soccer, a team must put the ball in a goal. However, there is a catch. The ball can only be touched with the bikes’ wheels or the players’ heads. This game requires a lot of practice to learn the skills needed. Though these sports may not be common, give them a look or even a try. 70. Why does the author think Underwater Hockey is a true team sport? A. Because all players in a team wear the same flippers and use a stick to hit a puck. B. Because each player in a team has to cooperate with other team members in the match. C. Because it is played underwater, the game is more dangerous than the sports played on land. D. Because each team earns points by hitting the puck into its underwater goal. 71. In Chessboxing, the winner will be the one who _____. A. wins both in chess and in boxing B. defeats his opponent in chess C. wins in chess or in boxing D. can knock his opponent out of the boxing ring

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72. According to the article, at most how many players in all can take part in a Bossaball match? A. 4. B. 6. C. 8. D. 10. 73. In Cycleball, the author mentions catch, whose meaning may be _____. A. sport B. skill C. rule D. practice (C) Happiness can be described as a positive mood and a pleasant state of mind. According to recent polls (民意 调查), sixty to seventy percent of Americans consider themselves to be moderately happy and one in twenty persons feels very unhappy. Psychologists have been studying the factors that contribute to happiness. It is not predictable, nor is a person in an apparently ideal situation necessarily happy. The ideal situation may have little to do with his actual feelings. A good education and income are usually considered necessary for happiness. Though both may contribute, they are only chief factors if the person is seriously undereducated or actually suffering from lack of physical needs. The rich are not likely to be happier than the middle-income group or even those with very low incomes. People with college educations are somewhat happier than those who did not graduate from high school, and it is believed that this is mainly because they have more opportunities to control their lives. Yet people with a high income and a college education may be less happy than those with the same income and no college education. Poor health does not rule out happiness except for the severely disabled or those in pain. Learning to cope with a health problem can contribute to happiness. Those who have good relationship with other family members are happier than those who live alone. Love has a higher correlation with happiness than any other factors. It should be noted that people quickly get used to what they have, and they are happiest when they feel they are increasing their level no matter where it stands at a given time. Children whose parents were happily married have happier childhoods, but are not necessarily happier adults. The best formula (准则) for happiness is to be able to develop AQ (Adversity Quotient that can be of great benefit when running into trouble), to have a personal involvement and commitment, and to develop self-confidence and self-esteem. 74. It can be inferred from the passage that _____. A. happiness is neither predictable nor apparent B. a person in an apparently ideal situation must be happy C. the rich are not likely to be happier than the middle-income group D. happiness is not necessarily connected to one’s situation in society 75. According to the article, happiness is greatly dependent upon _____. A. a happy childhood in which one can do whatever he likes B. great wealth with which one can buy anything C. a feeling that conditions are becoming for the better D. a college degree that can help one achieve great success 76. The letters AQ in the last paragraph most probably mean _____. A. ambition to defeat others in a severe competition B. ability to overcome difficulty and get out of embarrassing situation C. methods of solving difficult problems and challenges in life D. attitudes towards severe competition especially in trouble

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77. The best title of this passage may be _____. A. What Does Happiness Consist in B. Happiness and Unhappiness C. Different Kinds of Happiness D. Causes of Happiness and Unhappiness Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Music not only gives you something to sing and dance to, but also can make you feel happier. Scientists say that music can help to relax people’s mind and even help to relieve pain. How does music work its magic? It is the fact that music can adjust(调节) our mood. Recently, there is a scientific research to back up what we have always known about music. The studies have shown that when people are excited or happy they are more helpful. The opposite (相反的情况)happens when people feel aggressive(好斗的) or under stress. The use of music can influence how helpful people can be. Dr. Adrian North made a study with 256 university students.Half the group took exercise in the gymnasium listening to music which can bring happiness and the other half exercised to aggressive music. When leaving the gym, the students were asked to hand out flyers (传单) in support of the local disabled athlete’s foundation (残疾运动员基金会). The results showed that nearly half of the group that listened to happy music were willing to (愿意) hand out flyers. But less than 20% in the group that heard the aggressive music were willing to do so. This study suggests that our choice of music can influence our willingness to cooperate(合作). While a study also shows that productivity (生产效率) can be increased with the right choice of background music in the workplace. As music stimulates(刺激)worker’s mind, job satisfaction is often positively influenced. Other studies have shown that workers who are in a good mood have more job satisfaction than those in a bad mood. These studies show that music can have a powerful influence on a person’s ability to cooperate. Moods have a direct influence(直接影响) on cooperation and job satisfaction. These factors also have a direct relationship to the success of a business. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)

78.What do scientists say about music? ___________________________________________________________. 79.The phrase ―back up‖ in Line 6, Paragraph 1 most probably means ―support‖, doesn’t it? ____________________________________________________________. 80.Why do people use the right choice of background music in the workplace? ____________________________________________________________. 81..How many university students did Dr. Adrian North make a study with? ____________________________________________________________. 92.How do people feel if they are bored or sad ? ____________________________________________________________.

第 II 卷

(共 47 分)

I. Translation (22 分) Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 他把他的思想强加于他的儿子。(force)
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2. 如果你愿意的话,我们就去散步。(feel like)

3. 约翰与玛丽交换了礼物。(exchange)

4. 现在教师更多注重培养学生的能力。(attention) 5. 他和他的朋友同甘共苦。(share)

宝山区 2013 学年第一学期期末高三年级英语监测参考答案
参考答案 1—5 CCBDD 6—10 AABBB 11—16 CDB ACD 17. upset 18. window 19. damage 20. apologize 21. educational background 22. Singapore Airlines 23. sales promotion 24. attend college courses 25. from 26. knew 27. because 28. harder 29. when 30. were touched 31. how 32. saying 33. the 34. to live 35. themselves 36. building 37. where 38. assembled 39. what 40. can’t 41. C 42. F 43. G 44. I 45. H 46. D 47. E 48. A 49. B 50. K 51—55 CADBA 56—60BAADC 61—65 ABDCB 66—69 DBBA 70—73BADC 74—77 DCBA 78. Scientific, medical or commercial research 79. Giving half to charities, and the rest to the earners. 80. a free app offered by Charity Engine 81. Oxfam, CARE International, Doctors Without Borders, WaterAid and Sightsavers 1. The minister’s answer/ made all the reporters/ present/ quite pleased 2. I declined/ his offer of help/, for I would like to/ depend on myself. 3. It is obvious that/ what you are doing/ will do great damage/ to your future development. 4. Only until the accident/ takes place/ will people not realize/ how serious the result is/, which is really a pity. 5. The air quality in many cities/ is becoming worse and worse/, which is a great threat/ to the whole earth/ to some extent.

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