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2013英语基础写作公开课课件——学会用复合句和非谓语动词


广东08高考基础写作范文:句子表达有何亮点?
① Shooting, originated as a means of survival, developed into a sport only in the late 19th century. ② The sport , which first appeared in 1896, was ever suspende

d during the 1904 and 1928 Games. ③ It was only four years before the sport returned to the Olympic. ④ However, not until 1968 were women first allowed to compete in the Olympic shooting. ⑤ With the sport becoming more and more popular, it has grown steadily from just 3 shooting events at the 1896 Olympic Games to 17 today.

写作中复合句常见的错误
1.只有从句,没有主句
The keeper who had lived in the light tower for a long time, so he could keep calm in the storm. → The keeper, who had lived in the light tower for a long time, could keep calm in the storm.

2.以逗号代替句号,把两个简单句当成一个句子 ① The hall is different from all other buildings , it is made which is made of glass. of glass. ② The old man thought of his son, with tearstears came coming down down fromfrom his face. his face. 3.刻意使用从句,表达不自然 There are over fifty students in this school who are going to take part in the sports meet next Sunday. → Over fifty students in this school are going to take part in the sports meet next Sunday.

4.过多地使用并列句组合信息

① It is a beautiful day, and the sun is shining and a breeze is blowing. → It is a beautiful day with the sun shining and a breeze blowing.
② We were driving out into the country, and we saw our English teacher riding in a bus, and the bus was crowded. → As we were driving out into the country, we saw our English teacher riding in a crowded bus.

请看范例 My English Learning ① It is six years since I began to learn English. ② With the help of my teachers and classmates, I have made progress in my English. ③ Now I’m doing well both in writing and reading in English. ④ But I still find it hard to learn English, such as some difficult idioms. ⑤Difficult as it is, I have made up my mind to master this useful language by my hard work.
从上述例子同学们可以明白什么样的句子叫“规范的英
语句子”。其实, “规范的英语句子” 就是我们经常讲的三种 句子:

A) Simple sentence: Hearing the news, he was happy.
=When he heard the news, he was happy.

B) Compound sentenceA: He gave me a book but I forgot to bring it back home. C) Compound sentence B: What he is doing has nothing to do with me.

Here are 3 ways to make sentences: I.巧妙运用短语,写出规范的简单句: 1)借助名词短语做同位语 如:李立,男,19岁,1986年生; 籍贯:广东。 Li Li, a boy of 19, was born in Guangdong in 1986.

2)借助介词短语做定语 如:李飞,男,10岁,棕色短发,身 穿白色茄克。 Li Fei is a ten-year-old boy with short brown hair and a white jacket.

3)借助介词短语做状语 如:有了Tom的帮助,我们很快就 找到了他们的村子。 With the help of Tom, we soon found their village.

4)借助非谓语动词短语做定语或状语 如:他们站在大树下,等待着总统的到来。
They are standing under the big tree, waiting for the president.

II. 巧用连接词,写出规范的并列句: 如:他给我钱,我不要。

He gave me a lot money but I refused.
如:我刚到拐角处,就见到你啦。 I was just walking down the street corner when I saw you.

III. 用好从句和引导词,写出规范的复 合句:

1) 名词性从句 如:老师生气。原因:王力迟到。
That Wang Li came late to school made the teacher very angry. 2) 定语从句

如:中国,地处亚洲东部;特点: 地大物博、人口众多、资源丰富。 China, which lies in the east of Asia, is a great country with a large area and population as well as rich natural resources.
3) 状语从句 如:雷锋还活在我们心中,我深受感动。 I was deeply moved by this, because I know Lei Feng is still living in our hearts.

学 会 运 用 复 合 句 和 非 谓 语 动 词

用一句话表达 ① Kate is a new student. ② She comes from a northern province. ③ She speaks a dialect. ④ We find it hard to understand her dialect. Kate, a new student from a northern province, speaks a dialect which we find hard to understand.

学 会 运 用 复 合 句 和 非 谓 语 动 词

不是人人都能学好英语,小学生同时 学汉语和英语反而会影响汉语学习。
第一步:拆分成几个简单句
①不是人人都能学好英语。 ②小学生同时学汉语和英语。

③这会影响汉语学习。

第二步:分别翻译这几个简单句
① Not everyone is good at learning English. ② Children from primary school learn English and Chinese at the same time. ③ This will affect their Chinese study.

第三步:合并句子 ① Not everyone is good at learning English. ② Children from primary school start to learn English and Chinese at the same time.

③ This will affect their Chinese study.
That children from primary school start to learn English and Chinese at the same time will affect their Chinese study because not everyone is good at learning English.

第三步:合并句子 ① Not everyone is good at learning English. ② Children from primary school start to learn English and Chinese at the same time.

③ This will affect their Chinese study. 方法2:
If children from primary school start to learn English and Chinese at the same time, this will affect their Chinese study because not everyone is good at learning English.

学 会 使 用 复 合 句 和 非 谓 语 动 词

你来试试
现象 学生作文中出现很多错别字
1.上网聊天时经常使用网络语言。 原因 2.每天有很多作业做,没有记住生字。

要求:1. 用两句话表达表格内容 2. 两句话要有连贯性

参考词汇: 错别字: wrongly-written characters 网络语言:web language

第一句(两个信息点):
1. 学生作文中出现很多错别字 2.(他们)上网聊天时经常使用网络语言。 ① There are many wrongly-written characters in students’ compositions. ② They often use web languages when chatting on line. 合并句子:

The reason why there are many wrongly-written characters in students’ composition is that they often use web languages when chatting on line.

第二句: 1. 每天有很多作业做 2. 没有记住生字。 ① They have much homework to do every day. ② They fail to memorize the new characters. 合并句子: 1. They have so much homework to do every day that they fail to memorize the new characters 2. With so much homework to do, they fail to memorize the new characters. 3. Because they have so much homework to do, they fail to memorize the new characters.

连接两句话: The reason why there are many wrongly-written characters in students’ composition is that they often use web languages when chatting on line. Moreover, they have so much homework to do every day that they fail to memorize the new characters.

Pair work
Exchange and discuss your partner’s composition, then give each other a score according to the following criteria. Mark Criteria(标准) Content(内容) 0–5分 (是否用5句话表达了全文要点) Language(语言) 0– 8 分 (句子结构及用词是否得当) Coherence(连贯) 0–2分 (是否用了恰当的词语来衔接句子)

实战演练:以下是你根据图画内容和题目要求,经过 观察、整理排列成的五个信息块,请分别用一个句子 表达出来,并组成一篇连贯性的短文。
1.一个乞丐在路边讨钱(ask for money)。李先生匆忙赶 路上班,没有注意到那个乞丐。 2.乞丐很生气,伸出(stick out)拐杖,差点把李先生绊 倒了(trip over)。 3.李先生意识到他是个残疾人,便在口袋里找钱给他。 4.李先生拿出了一张百元钞票(a 100-yuan note)。突然 一阵风把钞票吹到了空中。 5.乞丐迅速跳起来去追那张钞票。 李先生站在那里,惊得合不拢嘴。

A beggar
One day, Mr. Li hurried on his way to work. A beggar on the roadside was asking for money. Mr. Li paid no attention on him. The beggar got angry and stuck out his walking stick. It almost tripped Mr. Li over. When he realizing the beggar was a disabled person, Mr. Li began to search for some money in his pocket to give him. He took out a 100-yuan note, but it was suddenly blown into the air by the wind. Seeing this, the beggar jumped quickly to run after the note. It made Mr. Li so surprised that he stood there with his mouth open.

A beggar One day, when Mr. Li hurried on his way to work, a beggar on the roadside was asking for money, but Mr. Li paid no attention on him. As a result, the beggar got angry and stuck out his walking stick, which almost tripped Mr. Li over. Realizing the beggar was a disabled person, Mr. Li began to search for some money in his pocket to give him. He took out a 100-yuan note, which was suddenly blown into the air by the wind. Seeing this, the beggar jumped quickly to run after the note, which made Mr. Li so surprised that he stood there with his mouth open.

写作解题步骤:
1.审题
2.列要点

3.依要点, 拟草纲, 组织成句.
4.构篇章,扩句成文. 5.检查润色 6.书写

如何提高作文档次?

(1)字迹工整

(2)避免低级错误:避免语法和拼写的低级错误, 避免被扣印象分.

(3 ) 注意表达的高级化
一、使用较高级的词汇
it doesn’t matter whether they will go to college or not.

it doesn’t make any difference whether they will go to college or not.

*高级(句式)

二、巧用精彩句式

1. 80% students hold the view that 同位语从句

There are 80% students holding the view that

非谓语
There are 80% students who hold the view that 定语从句

注意:
There are 80% students hold the view that

? 分析原因(注意一句多译)
? Several factors contribute to such changes. (reasons) lead to result in cause be responsible for account for

? 展开论述变化的原因

(1)用it is/was …that…强调句式. (2)用作状语的介词短语开头的完全倒装句或用 以only in this way 等开头的部分倒装句. (3)用with的复合结构(with+宾语+宾补)作状语. (4)用非谓语动词简化状语从句或并列结构. (5)用what引导的名词性从句. (6)用独立主格结构. (7)恰当运用感叹句,被动句等. (8)适当使用插入语,如to be honest, I guess, I think,personally等. (9)尽量用短语代替单词来表达同样的意思.

多样化句式

三、学会使用恰当的连接词
1. 表示平行、对等或选择关系 and,both…and, as well as, together with, neither…nor, also, not only…but also, either…or, as well. 2. 表示转折关系 but, yet, however, nevertheless (然而), in spite of, although, otherwise, while, after all. 3. 表示对比关系 on the contrary, instead of, on one hand…on the other hand, just like, 4. 表示因果关系 so, for, therefore, as a result (of), because, owing to, due to, thanks to,

三、学会使用恰当的连接词
5. 表示时间、顺序关系 shortly afterwards, next, finally, in the end, eventually 6. 表示递进、强调关系 besides, furthermore (此外), what’s more, in addition, moreover (而且), worse still, to make matters worse, 7. 表示解释、说明关系 namely (也就是), actually, such as, for example, for instance, that is to say, in other words, and so on, to tell you the truth, according to this 8. 表示结论 in short, in brief, in a word, in general, as you know, as far as I know, on the whole, in conclusion, at last, finally

Homework Rewrite the composition and hand it in.


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