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新世纪英语高二第一学期Unit7电子备课完整版


Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Task 1 Task 2

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Look at the following pictures and tell us what we call these shopping places.

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shopping mall

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department store

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supermarket

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convenience store

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small store

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online shopping

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Group Discussion 1. Where do you usually go shopping? Why?
? location ? parking space ? good service ? membership card …

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2. What do people take into consideration when choosing products?
? date of manufacture ? post-sale service ? return policy ? discount ? coupon ? gift cards ? quality ? brand ...

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Scan the text on p. 81 of your textbook and fill in the blanks.

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Paragraph ____ A is / are about the wide range of shops catering to the needs of customers. Paragraph ____ B, C deal(s) with the convenience of checkouts. Paragraph ____ D talk(s) about the example of seeing to the benefits of customers. Paragraph ____ E mention(s) the return policy. Paragraph ____ F summarize(s) the writer?s feeling when shopping in the States.

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Read the text quickly and answer the following questions.

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1. How many kinds of shops did the writer mention? Five.
2. What are one-stop shops? One-stop shops are places where you can buy almost everything.

3. When customers check out, what must they do first?
They should scan the barcodes on the scanning machine.

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4. What if the goods do not have barcodes on them? Customers should input their label numbers.
5. How did the writer feel the first time he used the automatic checkout lane? He was really thrilled. 6. Why did the writer get two bags of salad for free? Because according to their policy, if the customer discovered a scanning problem, he would get it for free.

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7. How can a customer get something he bought returned? He can return it within 30 days with the receipt.
8. What does the sentence “the customer is taken good care of” imply? The customer is God.

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Read the text again and then answer the questions according to each paragraph.

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Para. A: 1. Which phrase shows “I love shopping”?

A pleasant experience.
2. What other phrases do you know that share the meaning with “cater to one?s needs”?

Satisfy / meet / fulfill one?s needs.
3. Can you name some convenience stores and famous supermarkets in Shanghai?

4. Which convenience store and supermarket do you and your family go to most often?

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Para. B: 5. As far as we know, the phrase “a good number of” can be replaced by some other expressions. What are they? A large number of, a good / great many.
Para. C: 6. Paraphrase “most packaged goods”. Most goods that are packaged.

7. What does “them” refer to in the sentence “Some items, such as vegetables and fruits, do not have barcodes on them.”? It refers to vegetables and fruits.

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8. In the sentence “You need to input their label numbers.”, what kind of verb is “need” here, a notional verb or a modal verb? How can you tell? It is a notional verb because it is followed by “to do”.
9. Can you find two antonyms in this paragraph? Reduce and increase. 10. Which word can take the place of “the first time” in the sentence “I was really thrilled the first time I used the automatic checkout lanes.”? When.

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Para. D: 11. Paraphrase “out of curiosity”. Because of / due to curiosity.
12. Who checked the price first? The writer. 13. Can you find two antonyms in this paragraph? Reward and penalty.

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Para. E: 14. What other expressions can replace “be composed of”? Be made up of, consist of.
15. Can you name some individual specialty shops? 16. “No matter what you buy” can be expressed in another way. What is it? Whatever you buy. 17. Can you give us some examples of big-ticket items?

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Para. F: 18. Paraphrase “take care of”. Look after, care for, attend to.

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Please act out the writer’s shopping experience in the States.

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Group Discussion What may shopping be like in the future? Discuss the question and then watch a video.

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Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Vocabulary I

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Vocabulary for Text New Words [??????] cater *groceries [??????????] [????????????] [??????????] [????] [???????]

v. n. n. n. n. n.

满足,迎合 (复数)食品杂货 方便,便利 商人;市场 购物中心 直销店

convenience *big-ticket
*mall outlet

*merchandiser [?????????????]

adj. 高价的

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Vocabulary I

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checkout

[????????]

n. (超市等)收银台,付款处

lane
goods *barcode glue advertise *marvel

[????]
[????] [????????] [????]

n. 通道;小径,小巷
n. 货物,商品 n. 条形码 v. 用胶水黏;黏合 n. 胶水 v. 做广告

[?????????]
[???????]

double-check [?????????]

v. 复查
v. 惊叹

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Vocabulary I

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honesty

[???????] [????????] [?????] [???????]

n.

诚实,正直

compose
pants receipt

v.
n. n.

构成,组成
(AmE)(美语)裤子 收据,收条

momentary [???????????] adj. 一时的

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Expressions

cater to
convenience store a one-stop shop check out out of curiosity get ... for free *marvel at

满足??(的需要) 便利店(通常24小时开放)

“一站式”商店
结账 出于好奇 (美口语)免费取得 惊叹于??

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Vocabulary I

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be composed of as long as

由??组成 只要 利用 听起来真实

take advantage of
ring true Proper Nouns

Wal-Mart

[????????]

(美国)沃尔玛公司

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Vocabulary I

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Shopping in the States A I love shopping, even if it is just window-shopping. Shopping in the States is always a pleasant experience. There are different types of shops catering to your particular needs. To buy groceries, you can go to the convenience store, the supermarket or the mass merchandiser (such as Wal-Mart). To buy some clothes and big-ticket items, you can go to the mall or factory outlets. I go to two places most often, the supermarket and the mall.

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B In almost every city or large town, you can find several big chain supermarkets, each with a good number of checkouts. They are one-stop shops since you can buy almost everything there: food, clothes, and medicine — you name it.

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C Installed with automatic checkout lanes, some of these supermarkets have brought real convenience to the customers. Most packaged goods have barcodes and you just scan them on the scanning machine when you check out. Some items, such as vegetables and fruits, do not have barcodes on them. You need to input their label numbers, which can be found on the list glued to the scanning machine. These automatic checkout lanes help the stores reduce their labour cost and increase their efficiency. I was really thrilled the first time I used the automatic checkout lane.

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D Shopping in the supermarket gave me other surprises as well. Once, I picked up two bags of salad at a supermarket. When I scanned them, the screen showed a different price from what was advertised. Out of curiosity, I went to the customer service counter and asked why. The lady who helped me went to the shelf to double-check the price. When she came back, she apologized to me, saying that the supermarket had not scanned the price properly. According to their policy, if the customer discovered a scanning problem, he would get the product for free as a reward for him or a penalty for the supermarket. When I left with the two bags of free salad, I couldn?t help marvelling at the honesty of the clerk.

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E A shopping mall in the States is composed of many individual specialty shops and nationwide chain stores. What impresses me most when shopping at the mall is its return policy. No matter what you buy, shoes, pants or bigticket items such as a TV or a washing machine, if you find some problems with them or simply do not like them any longer, you can return them within 30 days. You won?t be challenged at the customer service counter as long as you have your receipt. Of course there are some people who might take advantage of this return policy, especially when they need something for momentary use. That?s why you can always find a long line of people waiting to return their goods right after Christmas.

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F The saying that “The customer is God!” rings true to me when I shop in the States. Here I feel that the customer is really taken good care of.

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cater to sb. / sth. = satisfy / meet one?s (needs / demands) 满足??(的需要) e.g. Some magazines cater to boys.

有些杂志专为男孩设计。
Serious newspapers do not cater to people?s love of scandal. 严肃报纸不会迎合人们对丑闻的爱好。

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e.g. We must work out a plan to cater to the need of our clients. 我们必须想出一个方案满足客户的需求。

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Practice: B youngsters? love 1. Many radio programs often _____ of film stars. A. appeal to B. cater to C. marvel at D. absorb in 2. 众口难调。 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.

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convenience n. 便利,方便
e.g. It was a great convenience to have the doctor living near us. 有医生住在我们附近真是太方便了。 We find our folding table a great convenience. 我们发现可折叠的桌子使用非常方便。

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at one’s convenience 方便时,以某人认为合适的方式 e.g. Please come at your convenience. 请在你方便的时候前来。 convenient v. 方便的 e.g. Will it be convenient for you to come in the morning? 你上午来方便吗? I?d like to see you whenever it?s convenient. 在你方便的时候我想来看看你。

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Practice: 1. 自动结账通道给顾客带来了真正的方便。(convenience) Automatic checkout lanes have brought real convenience to customers.

2. 如果你方便的话,请帮我在超市买两袋色拉。(convenient) If it is convenient for you, please buy me two bags of salad at the supermarket.

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D 3. It?s a great ________ to live in town, for you can buy all kinds of things there. A. success B. surprise C. consumption D. convenience

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check out 付账后离开 e.g. The hotel insists that guests check out before 11 o?clock in the morning. 这家旅馆一定要客人在上午11点之前结账退房。

We checked out (of / from our hotel) at 5 a.m. to catch a 7 a.m. flight. 为了赶7点的航班,我们5点就结账离开了旅馆。

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check in 登记,报到

e.g. Where can I check in? 在哪儿办理登记手续?
Passengers should check in for flight BA 125 to Berlin.

前往柏林的英航125航班旅客请办理登机手续。

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Practice: D before leaving 1. He went to the reception desk to _____ the hotel. A. check in B. check it out C. check off D. check out A one hour before their flight 2. Passengers should _____ time at the latest. A. check in B. make out C. check out D. check it out

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reduce v. 减小,缩小,降低
e.g. I bought the shirt because it was reduced from 12 pounds to 6 pounds. 我买这件衬衫是因为它的价格从12英磅跌到了6英磅。 Small businesses will need to reduce costs in order to survive. 为了存活,小公司将需要降低成本。

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reduction n. 减小,降低 e.g. There is no reduction in prices of houses. 房价没有降低。 Can you give me a 5% reduction? 你能给我打九五折吗?

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Practice:
D the cost, the manager decided to employ 1. To _____ fewer workers. A. increase B. augment C. double D. reduce 2. 地震使这座城市沦为废墟。 The earthquake reduced the city to ruins.

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increase v. (使)增大,增加
e.g. The population of this town has increased. 这个城镇的人口增加了。

They increased the price of petrol by almost 20%.
他们把油价几乎提高了20%。 n. 增长

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on the increase 在增长
e.g. There is a dramatic increase in population. 人口增长很快。 The crime rate is on the increase. 犯罪率在增长。

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Practice: 1. 工人们正竭尽全力提高生产力。 The workers are trying their best to increase productivity. 2. The salary is ?18,600 a year, ___________ increasing to (增加到) ?23,000 with promotion .

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out of curiosity 出于好奇
e.g. She decided to follow him out of curiosity.

出于好奇,她决定跟踪他。
He asked the professor a question out of curiosity. 出于好奇,他问了教授一个问题。 satisfy sb.’s curiosity 满足某人的好奇心 arouse sb.’s curiosity 激起某人的好奇心

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Practice: 1. 这封信不是写给我的,但是出于好奇我把它打开了。 The letter wasn?t addressed to me but I opened it out of curiosity. 2. 我只是出于好奇想问一下,你买这辆汽车花了多少钱? Just to satisfy my curiosity, how much did you pay for your car?

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get sth. for free = get sth. without being charged 免费得到 某物 e.g. If you find any problem with the product, you can get it for free. 如果你发现该产品有任何问题,则该产品可以免费给你。
Buy one and you get one for free. 买一送一。

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free of charge 免费 e.g. The workers get medical service free of charge. 工人们得到了免费医疗。 He offers us English lesson twice a week free of charge. 他免费为我们每周上两次英语课。

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Practice: 1. 如果飞机因大雾不能起飞,乘客可以得到免费食物。
Passengers can get the food for free if the plane can?t take off due to the heavy fog. 2. 我们将免费安装您的洗衣机。 We will install your washing machine free of charge.

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reward n. 报酬,报答
e.g. She deserves a reward for her efforts.

她积极努力,应得到奖励。
Some parents give their children rewards for passing exams. 有些家长在孩子通过考试后会给予奖励。 He got a reward for helping them. 他因帮助他们而拿到一笔酬金。

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v. 给??报酬,奖赏

reward sb. with sth. for doing sth. 因为做了某事奖励某人某物
e.g. Each child was rewarded a chocolate for behaving well. 因为表现好,每个小孩都被奖励了一块巧克力。 The team has worked hard and their efforts have been rewarded with success. 这支团队工作卖力,他们的努力得到了成功的回报。

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Practice: 1. 为了得到罪犯的信息,警方悬赏2,000元。(reward n.) The police offered a reward of 2,000 yuan to get the information about the criminal. 2. 他们奖给优胜者一些水果和鲜花。(reward v.) They rewarded the winners with fruits and flowers.

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can’t help doing sth. 忍不住,禁不住做??
e.g. It was awful, but I couldn?t help laughing. 这很糟糕,但是我忍不住笑了。 I couldn?t help thinking about the past. 我不禁想起过去。 can’t help (sb.) (to) do 不能帮忙(某人)做某事 can’t help but do 只能,不得不做

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help thinking (忍不住想) she?d be happier 1. I can?t _______________
without him. 2. I am busy and ________ can?t help (不能帮) you type the letter.

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marvel at 对??惊奇,惊叹
e.g. I marvelled at my mother?s ability to remain calm in a crisis. 我惊叹妈妈在危急关头保持冷静的能力。 Visitors to Rome marvel at the beauty of the city.

到罗马的游客惊叹于这座城市的美。

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marvel that 惊叹(+宾语从句) e.g. I marvel that she agreed to do something so dangerous. 我大为惊异的是,她竟同意做如此危险的事。
I marvelled that he suddenly left college. 我对他突然离开大学感到惊奇。

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Practice: 1. 对他的巨大成就我感到惊叹。(marvel at) I marvel at his tremendous achievements. 2. 我感到很惊讶,他在很短的时间内取得如此大的进步。 (marvel that) I marveled that he made such great progress in a short period of time.

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be composed of = be made up / consist of 由??组成 e.g. Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen. 水是由氢和氧组成的。 The audience was composed mainly of young people. 观众主要是由年轻人构成的。

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Practice:
C various shops and 1. Usually a shopping mall _____ entertainments. A. is consist of B. is made out of C. is composed of D. makes up 2. 委员会是由国会议员、医生、学者和公众成员组成的。 The committee is composed of Members of Parliament, doctors, academics and members of the public.

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as long as = so long as 只要
e.g. As long as there is life, there is hope. 只要有生命,就有希望。 I?ll stay in Mexico as long as my money holds on. 只要我的钱还能维持一天,我就在墨西哥待一天。

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Practice: 1. 只要提供好的服务,这家小餐馆会继续吸引顾客。 As long as good service is provided, the small restaurant will continue to attract customers. 2. 只要你努力,总有一天你的梦想会实现。

As long as you work hard, your dream will come true one day.

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take advantage of 利用
e.g. You should take advantage of the fine weather to paint your fence. 你应该趁天气好给篱笆上油漆。 He took advantage of her good nature. 他利用了她脾气好这个特点。

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Practice: 1. 我没想到他竟然利用我的失败来达到他的目的。 I didn?t expect that he should take advantage of my failure to reach his goal. 2. 你应该充分利用规则去战胜对手。

You should take full advantage of the rule(s) to beat / defeat your opponent.

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ring true = sound true 听起来真实
e.g. The policeman felt that what I said didn?t ring true. 警察认为我说的话听起来不可信。 The story didn?t ring true to me. 这故事在我听起来不真实。

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Practice: 1. 这个借口很聪明,但听上去实在不像是真的。 It was a clever excuse, but it didn?t really ring true. 2. 他关于火车晚点的借口在我听来不真实。 His excuse about the train being late doesn?t ring true to me.

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Vocabulary for Additional Reading New Words repairman sole partially [???????????????] n. [????] n. [????????] [??????] 修补工,修理工

鞋底

adv. 不完全地;部分地 adj. 强有力的 n. 仓库;贮藏室 adj. 痛苦的,难过的 n. 海军

mighty

stockroom [????????] pained navy [?????]

[??????]

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*combat *gunboat footwear slogan Expressions

[???????]
[????????] [???????]

n. n. n. n.

战斗,格斗 炮舰,炮艇 鞋类 广告语,标语

[????????]

search engine credit card take ... into consideration

搜索引擎 信用卡 把??考虑在内

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catalogue shopping as usual beyond repair

(按商品)目录购物 如平常,照常 无法修补,无法修理

run across
to one?s name in a second live up to

偶然遇见,偶然发现
属于??的 立刻,马上 实践,做到,不辜负

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Vocabulary I

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Proper Nouns Henry Adams

[?????? ??????]

亨利·亚当斯 快速修鞋店 贝克曼鞋店 军用物品商店

Instant Shoe Service Repair Shop Beckman?s Shoe Store Army and Navy Store George?s Footwear Iris [???????]

乔治鞋店
艾丽丝

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Henry Adams’ Shoes Henry Adams left work to go home on the bus as usual. As he walked out of his office, he heard a strange sound coming from his feet. Looking down, he saw that the sole of the right shoe had become partially separated. “I can?t walk around like this,” he said to himself. So he turned into the Instant Shoe Service Repair Shop, where shoes are being repaired while you wait. Henry removed his shoes and handed them to the repairman. “Sorry, sir,” said the repairman, examining Henry?s shoes, “but these shoes are beyond repair. How many times have you had these shoes repaired?”

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“Five times,” said Henry. “That explains it,” said the repairman. “You need a new pair.” Henry went down the street into Beckman?s Shoe Store. The shop assistant greeted Henry with a smile. “Sir, may I help you?” “Yes,” said Henry. “I need a pair of shoes in a hurry.” “Please sit down,” said the shop assistant. She then removed one of Henry?s shoes. “Hmm, mighty big shoe,” she said surprisingly. “Let me check your size. Hmmm, size 48.” “That?s right,” said Henry. “Size 48.”

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The shop assistant went into the stockroom and returned with empty hands and a pained look on her face. “Sorry, sir. We don?t have your size. It?s difficult to get shoes that large.” “Can you recommend a place?” said Henry. “I need shoes desperately. This is my last and only pair.” “The only other store open now is the Army and Navy Store down the street.” Henry went down the street to the Army and Navy Store. “Do you sell shoes?” he asked the owner. “Of course,” said the owner. “What kind of shoes would you like?”

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“I don?t care as long as they?re size 48.” The owner gave him a puzzled look. He left and came back within a couple of minutes. “This is the only pair that will fit you,” he said. And he held up a pair of army combat boots. Henry arrived home in his new combat boots. His wife Iris, staring at him, said, “Henry, there?s something different about you.” “I?m still the same Henry,” he said. “Except that I ran across some new shoes that fit me.”

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Looking at Henry?s newly bought boots, Iris was greatly shocked. “Combat boots? We?re going to a dance tonight, not a war. Surely you?re not going to wear those gunboats, are you?” “Iris, these are the only shoes I have to my name. You know the problem with my wide feet.” “Never mind. We?re not going to have a problem with your wide feet after tonight,” said Iris. With that, Iris went to their computer. In a second, on the screen came the latest catalogue of George?s Footwear. “I do hope they?d live up to their slogan, ?Everything for everybody.?”

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as usual 如平常,照常
e.g. As usual, they?d left the children at home. 像往常一样,他们把孩子留在家中。 They didn?t invite any women, as usual. 像往常一样,他们没有邀请妇女。

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1. 像往常一样,来开会的人不多。 As usual, there weren?t many people at the meeting. 2. 她照例早餐吃面包和鸡蛋。 As usual, she had bread and egg for breakfast.

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beyond repair 无法修复,无法补救 e.g. His health seems (to be) beyond repair. 看来他的身体是无法康复了。 I?m afraid this old radio is beyond repair. 恐怕这台旧收音机修不好了。

beyond recognition 完全改了模样,面目全非
beyond description 无法形容 beyond belief 难以置信,超出想象

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1. 像他在事故中幸存下来,但是他的车遭到损坏,无法修 复了。 He survived the accident, but his car was damaged beyond repair.

2. 他已变得使人认不出来了。
He has changed beyond recognition.

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stare at

凝视;盯着看

e.g. It?s rude to stare at other people. 盯着别人看是不礼貌的。 They stared at the strange sight in silent wonder. 他们惊讶地默默凝视那奇异景象。

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1. 孩子们敬畏地凝视着老师。 The children stared at the teacher with awe. 2. 她怀疑地盯着我看。 She stared at me in disbelief.

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run across 偶然遇见,不期而遇

e.g. I ran across several old friends when I went back to my hometown.
我回到家乡时遇见了几个老朋友。

I ran across some old letters while I was clearing out a drawer.
当我清理一个抽屉时,我翻到了几封旧信。 run after 追赶,跟踪 run over 超过;在??上驶过,碾过;匆匆浏览 run away 潜逃

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Practice: Fill in the blanks. 1. He ________ ran away from home at the age of thirteen. run across a slight problem with the instruction 2. We?ve _________

manual.
being run over by a truck. 3. My pet cat came near ____________ run after two hares, you will catch neither. 4. If you _______

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to one’s name 属于某人的 e.g. I haven?t a penny to my name. 我一文不名。 I hope to have a flower shop to my name one day. 我希望有一天能有一个属于我自己的花店。

in the name of sb = in sb.?s name 以??的名义
by name 名叫;按名字 write under the name of 用??的名字写作

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Practice: by name only. 1. I knew him _______ 2. He wrote _____________ under the name Saki. in the name of my husband. 3. The house is ____________ 4. He didn?t have a qualification __________ to his name .

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live up to 实践,做到;不辜负 live up to one’s name 名符其实 e.g. You must live up to your promise. 你必须实践自己的诺言。 I try to live up to the high standard of the school. 我力求达到这所学校的高标准要求。

We will never fail to live up to what our parents expect of us. 我们决不辜负父母对我们的期望。

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1. 银行快破产了,将无法遵守它的诺言。 The bank is going bankrupt and will be unable to live up to its promise. 2. 这部电影当然已经达到了我的期望。

The film has certainly lived up to my expectations.

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Vocabulary New Words billion purchase n. n. v. consideration [???????????????] n. [?????????] n. discount [???] n. cash v. [????????] n. catalogue [??????????] n. consumer [???????] [????????] 十亿

购买物,购买 购买
思考,考虑 折扣 现金 兑现 目录,商品目录 消费者

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purchase n. 购买物,购买 e.g. She made several purchases in the dress shop. 她在服装店里买了几样东西。 She paid for her purchases and left. 她为买下的东西付了钱,然后离开了。 v. 购买 e.g. Where did you purchase the car? 你在哪里买的这辆车?

You can purchase insurance online. 你可以在网上买保险。

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How to start Internet shopping I. Listen to the dialogue and decide whether each of the following statements is true (T) or false (F).

F 1. Jim has never done any Internet shopping before and wants to have a try. T 2. Search engines are computer tools with which you can search for products. T 3. The search engines will show you a list of websites which sell the products you need. F 4. If you need a certain product, either email or phone the shop to have the product sent. T 5. If you shop on the Internet, bear in mind that you can only pay by credit card.

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II. Listen again and then choose the best answer according to what you have heard. 1. More and more people are doing Internet shopping B because it is _________. A. cheaper B. easy and convenient

C. quicker D. free of charge

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C 2. Search engines can be obtained ________.

A. from guidebooks B. from shops C. online D. before payment
C 3. Websites provide ________ you can choose from. A. products B. the names of products C. the names of shops D. means

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D 4. The products you need will be ________ by the shop. A. paid first

B. wrapped C. kept for the time being D. sent to your home
C 5. The dialogue mainly tells us how to _______. A. download search engines B. search for shops online C. start Internet shopping D. pay for Internet shopping

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Internet shopping Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks according to what you have heard. Internet shopping is a new way of shopping. All you computer and access to the Internet. Shopping need is a ________

on the Internet is becoming increasingly _______ popular . Americans spent over US$2.5 billion on Internet shopping in 1998 ____. This figure reached about US$11 billion by the year 2004 ____ . People can shop for a variety of products food . on the Internet such as books, ____ CDs , clothes and ____

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products such as online You can also buy information _________________ airline news or magazine ______ stories . Services such as booking _____ tickets, reserving hotels or renting cars are also ________ available on the Internet.

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Tom: Have you ever done any Internet shopping, Jim? Jim: Yeah. It?s so easy and convenient. Are you interested in it? Tom: Yeah. It is said that more and more people are doing Internet shopping. I want to have a try, too. Jim: OK. I?ll tell you how to start. First you?ll have to use “search engines”. Tom: Search engines? I?ve never heard of them before. Can I download them online?

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Jim: No, you don?t have to. First, you can find online the websites of some search engines like Google. Then you can search for a type of product, such as sports shoes, shirts, etc. Tom: Will the computer tell you the places? Jim: Yeah. The search engine will give you a list of websites where you can find the shops which sell these products.

Tom: It sounds easy. Then what should I do?

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Jim: Email the shop you like and tell them to send the

products you need to your house. Tom: How shall I pay them? Jim: Give them your credit card number. Tom: Thank you. I?ll have a try at once.

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Internet shopping is a new way of shopping. You no longer need to walk round hundreds of shops looking for the items you need. Nowadays, you can shop for just about anything from your home. All you need is a computer and access to the Internet. Shopping on the Internet is becoming increasingly popular. In the United States, 50 percent of families have computers at home and almost one third are linked to the Internet. Americans spent over US$2.5 billion on Internet shopping in 1998. This figure reached about US$11 billion by the year 2004. People can

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences Vocabulary

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shop for a variety of products on the Internet. Physical products include items such as books, CDs, clothes and food. These types of products are the most common purchases through the Internet. You can also buy information products such as online news or magazine stories, or you can download computer software through the Internet. Services such as booking airline tickets, reserving hotels or renting (租借) cars are also available on the Internet. You can also go shopping on the Internet for entertainment services and take part in online games or email “chats”.

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Buying and bargaining I. Work with your partner and have a discussion on some typical Chinese souvenirs for foreigners to take home. Come up with at least three items and give your reasons. Also, offer suggestions on where to shop.

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Useful Language: Typical Chinese Souvenirs green tea a silk scarf or handkerchief a Tang Dynasty suit a CD collection of classical Chinese music a china teapot paper cuts Making Suggestions on Buying Souvenirs Can you manage to carry a ...? One thing that?s typically Chinese is ... I?d suggest you go shopping in ... It might be a good idea for you to buy a ... A ... is usually a must.

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Buying and bargaining II. Work with your partner and role-play the dialogue between a shop assistant and a customer.

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Useful Language: Bargaining

A
- Not too expensive I hope. - Can you charge less? - Can you come down a bit?

B
I hope you will take its quality into consideration. This is the lowest price. You won?t get it cheaper anywhere else in town.

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Bargaining

A
- Could you make it 20 yuan? - What do you say to 20 yuan? - Can you give me any discount? can offer.

B
I guess 25 yuan is all I

All right, I?ll give you a discount of 10 percent.

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Paying A - How will you pay for that? By cheque, credit card or in cash? - Do you need a receipt for it? - Would you pay at the cashier?s desk on the right? Then bring me your receipt and collect your dress here. B I?ll pay by credit card. Yes, please.

Sure.

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Ways of shopping Survey and find out people’s different shopping habits. Try to interview people from all walks of life. After the survey, write a report and present your findings to the class. You may begin your interview by asking questions such as: Do you like shopping? How often do you usually go shopping? Who does most of the shopping in your family? What kind of shopping do you like? Where do you often go for shopping? Which do you prefer: a shop where you get personal service or a shop where you serve yourself, like a supermarket? Why?

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Useful Language: Ways of Shopping - Window-shopping - Shopping in an out-of-town shopping mall - Television shopping - Shopping at department stores - Shopping in small stores - Catalogue shopping - Online shopping - Shopping at second-hand stores

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

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过去分词作状语或定语 一、过去分词作状语 1. 如同现在分词作状语一样,过去分词作状语也可表示时间、 原因、条件以及动作发生时的背景或情况。 e.g. He hurried to the hall, followed by two guards. Dressed in white, she suddenly appeared. Seen from the pagoda, the south foot of the Purple Mountain is a sea of trees. A bit frightened, she stood motionless. Given another chance, I?ll do it much better. He turned away, disappointed. Wounded, the soldiers continued to fight.

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2. 过去分词短语作时间状语、条件状语、让步状语等时,分 词短语前有时也可带when、if、although等连接词。 e.g. If well read, the book will give you much to think. The man will die unless operated at once. When seen from the top of the hill, the town looks more like a big garden.

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3. 过去分词作状语与现在分词作状语的区别:过去分词作状 语时其逻辑主语通常为该分词所表示的动作的受动者,而 现在分词作状语时其逻辑主语通常为该分词所表示的动作 的施动者。

e.g. Hearing the news, they immediately set off for Shanghai. Locked up, he had no way to escape. He lay in bed, listening to the music. The professor sat down, surrounded by his students.

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二、过去分词作定语 1. 过去分词短语作定语时通常放在被修饰名词的后面;过去 分词单词作定语时,一般放在被修饰名词的前面,但有时 也可放在后面。 e.g. He has done everything planned for today. Mike is sweeping the broken glasses from the floor. Rivera was a Mexican boxer devoted to the work for his people. The defeated boxer was brought to his corner. Money spent is more than money earned. It is the best painting known.

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2. 有些作定语用的过去分词实际上已经被当作形容词使用了。 e.g. broken glass the excited audience a troubled place spoken English a determined effort

3. 过去分词作定语与现在分词作定语的区别 1)现在分词表主动意思,过去分词表被动意思。
e.g. a moving story smoking man a moved audience smoked fish

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2)现在分词表示动作正在进行,过去分词表示动作的完成。 e.g. the falling leaves the changing world the developing country the fallen leaves the changed world the developed country

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3)但是,作前置定语的现在分词既可以表示动作正在进行, 也可表示不再进行中;过去分词作前置定语既可表示已完 成的被动动作,也可表示已完成的主动动作。

e.g. setting sun twinkling star running water canned food lighted candle retired worker drunken man

barking dog neighbouring country promising young man planned economy escaped prisoner returned students

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The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

4)有些过去分词作前置定语,既可表示主动意义,也可表示 被动意义。 e.g. a surprised look = a look that shows surprise a determined effort = an effort that shows determination

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

Choose the best answer.
1. On AIDS Day, the minister of Health Department

B paid special demanded that the problems _____
attention to. A. referred to being B. referred to be C. refer to being

D. refer to be

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

B according to the directions, 2. Generally speaking, _____ the drug has no side effect. A. when taking

B. when taken
C. when to take D. when to be taken

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

A into use in April 2000, the hotline was meant for 3. _____
residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns. A. Put B. Putting C. Having put D. Being put

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

A the general state of his health, it may take him a 4. _____
while to recover from the operation. A. Given B. To give

C. Giving
D. Having given

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

B through a computer can 5. Prices of daily goods _____ be lower than store prices.

A. are bought
B. bought C. been bought D. buying

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

A of the _____ speech, started to read a 6. Mr Smith, _____

novel.
A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

C with a difficult situation, he decided to ask his 7. _____ parents for advice. A. To face B. Having faced C. Faced

D. Facing

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

D in a hurry, there were quite a few mistakes in 8. _____ the letter. A. Being typed B. Typed C. Having been typed D. Because he typed the letter

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

9. The children went home from the grammar school, B for the day. their lessons _____
A. finishing B. finished C. had finished D. were finished

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

B too often, a student will stop talking in English. 10. _____ A. To be corrected B. If corrected C. Be corrected D. Having been corrected

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

11. The waltz “The Blue Danube” is thought to be the best
B of its kind _____. A. having composed B. ever composed C. having been composed D. to have ever been composed

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

D for teaching English as a 12. The first textbooks _____
foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written B. to be written C. being written D. written

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

C workers on the 13. The policeman questioned the _____ scene about the _____ thief. C A. retiring; escaping B. retired; escaping C. retired; escaped D. retiring; escaped

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

C out 14. The old man avoided touching the hands _____ to help him as he stepped out of the boat. A. holding B. having held C. held D. having been held

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

B B 15. The _____ expression on his face is really _____ to all of us. A. puzzling; puzzled B. puzzled; puzzling C. puzzling; puzzling D. puzzled; puzzled

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

C 16. ______ there, the old house can remind us of the past now and then. A. Leaving B. Having left C. Left D. To be left

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

17. After his journey from aboard, Richard Jones returned
B home, _____. A. exhausting B. exhausted C. being exhausted D. having exhausted

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

A his behaviour, he?s a man with good education. 18. _____ A. Judging by B. Judged from C. Having judged by D. Being judged from

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

B 19. Returning to the room, __________. A. the book was lost B. I found the book missing C. the book was missing D. the book was found missing

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

C 20. During the day tigers usually lie _____, _____ in the C long grass. A. rested; hidden B. rested; hiding C. resting; hidden D. resting; hide

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

C in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of 21. _____ him. A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

D nothing 22. The research is so designed that once _____ can be done to change it. A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

C the same treatment again, he is sure to get 23. If _____ well. A. giving B. give C. given D. being given

Unit 7 Shopping Experiences

Text Understanding

Language Study

Listening & Speaking

Grammar & Structure

The Past Participle (1): As an Adverbial or as an Attributive

Exercise

D only 24. Don?t use words, expressions, or phrases _____ to people with specific knowledge. A. being known B. having been known C. to be known D. known


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