概括的标准：抛弃次要，瞄准写作目的。 概括的写作步骤： 1. 确定主题句。 2. 寻找关键词。 3. 重构主题句。 4. 重组支撑句。 *用自己单的语言解释比较复杂的语言文字，不能抄袭原文。 A.定时态：如果阅读材料是过去时，那么基本时态用过去时；如果是现在的，那么基本时态用现 在时；不过，模板的开头语一般为现在时如 The passage te
lls us that … B.定人称：一般情况下采用第三人称来写作。 （特殊如书信的，可能会使用第一、二人称； ） 模板 A. 议论文： The essay/passage/author highlights the importance of encouragement for students. The essay/passage/author argues in support of …, stating that … The essay/passage/author argues that w… The essay/passage/author discusses the impact of email. The essay/passage/author compares friendship with the comfort of home. The essay/passage/author outlines the harmful effects of smoking. B.记叙文： The passage/story is about a misunderstanding between a student and a teacher. The author tells us a story about a ________. The passage is a story about ________. According to the passage, the hero in the story ________. The writer tells us…（主题）by showing us an example of…, who/which…（故事情节）. In the passage, the writer mainly tells us his experience of doing sth, which…… This passage is mainly about sb’s experience of doing sth….. C. 说明文概要模板 a. 现象揭示类： This article points out the common phenomenon ----（主题), which….（补充解释）. b. 利弊对比类： The article compares the disadvantages/ benefits of A and B. c. 研究显示类： The study reveals(揭露) that… The purpose of the report is to show that… D. 通用型模板： According to the passage, we know… This article is mainly about… The writer states that… As can be learn this passage, - - The passage says that… In this passage, the writer mainly tells us his experience of
The passage discusses the impact(影响)of sth. On the positive side…, but it may also….
范例一 1. It must have been about two in the morning when I returned home. I tried to wake up my wife by ringing the doorbell, but she was fast asleep, so I got a ladder from the shed in the garden, put it against the wall, and began climbing towards the bedroom window. I was almost there when a sarcastic voice below said, “I don’t think the windows need cleaning at this time of the night.” I looked down and nearly fell off the ladder when I saw a policeman. I immediately regretted answering in the way I did, but I said, “ I enjoy cleaning windows at night.” “So do I,” answered the policeman in the same tone. “Excuse my interrupting you. I hate to interrupt a man when he’s busy working, but would you mind coming with me to the station?” “Well, I’d prefer to stay here,” I said. “ You see, I’ve forgotten my key.” “Your what?” he called. “My key,” I shouted. Fortunately, the shouting woke up my wife who opened the window just as the policeman had started to climb towards me
范例二 2. Advertising can be a service to customers. This is true when advertisements give reliable information about the goods advertised. Such information is needed if the customer is to make a sensible choice when he buys something. It is useful in that it lets him know of the kinds of goods in the shops. Printed advertisements do this job best. Customers can collect them and compare them. They can be taken along to the shops and their statements can be checked against and actual goods in the shops. Some advertisements are not very useful to the customers. Instead of helping the customer to satisfy his real needs, they set out to make him want things. They set out to make us believe that what they advertise will make us cleverer, prettier, more handsome, if only we use it. The voice on TV says, “ Getaway people use XYZ petrol.” The screen shows a picture of petrol pump for a fast expensive car owned by a boy with a pretty girlfriend. They drive off to the wonderful country or a lovely beach. Some people may feel that clever, successful people use XYZ petrol. Some might choose that petrol every time they fill up their cars.
范例三 3. Students should think now about what extracurricular (课外的) activities they'd like to participate in. Participating in extracurricular activities may help you deepen your physical, creative, social, political, and career interests by bringing you into communication with other like-minded people you didn’t previously know. You can join groups as a way to get support from other students. A club or group can also be a great way to meet people who are different from you. Lots of youth programs bring people together with those who are different as a way to break down the barriers between people. Participating in extracurricular activities helps you in other ways, too. It looks good on college and job applications and shows admissions officers and employers you're well-rounded and responsible. Specific activities help with specific goals. The most basic reason for joining a club or team is that it gives you something better to do than staring at the wall, wandering the hall, or sleeping all afternoon. People who are participating are less likely to pick up bad habits, like smoking or drinking.
Summary 1: On arriving home at about two in the morning, the writer failed to wake up his wife by the doorbell. He tried to climb towards the bedroom window, but was found by a policeman. Soon his shouting woke his wife. Summary 2: Advertising can be useful when it provides customers with reliable information，while some advertisements are not the case as they are produced only to persuade customers to buy what they don’t need.(31 words) Summary 3: The author (The passage) discussed the benefit of extracurricular activities including being a way to improve students’ health, widen their social circle and introduce them to new ideas and people. (30 words)
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