鹰潭市 2015—2016 学年度上学期期末质量检测 高 二 英 语 试 题
本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（综合题）两部分。满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1.答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卷 I 上。 2.每小题选出答案后，用铅笔把答题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，如
需改动，用橡皮 擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。 3.第 II 卷各题的答案，必须答在答题卷 II 规定的地方。
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B,C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 l0 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.What does the woman probably do? A. A teacher. A. English history. 3.Where is the man going? A. To a lake. B. To a hospital. C. To a bread store. 4.What’s the possible relationship between the speakers? A. Interviewee and interviewer. B. Manager and clerk. C. Teacher and student. 5.How many notes in ones will the man get? A. Two. B. Five. C. Ten. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 B. A tour guide. B. Chinese history. C. A waitress. C. American history. 2.Which subject does the man dislike?
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。
6.When is the man leaving for London? A. This morning. C. Tomorrow afternoon. 7.What does the woman suggest? A. Taking a train there. C. Taking an umbrella.
B. Tomorrow morning.
B. Buying a new umbrella.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。
8.Where does the man want to go? A. To the teachers’ office. C. To the headmaster’s office. 9.What else does the man want to do? A. Change a note. C. Buy something. B. Make a call. B. To the student center.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。
10.How long does the woman come early? A. Half an hour. 11.Why does the woman come early? A. To see department managers. C. To make a good impression.
B. One hour. B. To do some cleaning.
C. Two hours.
12.What’s the possible relationship between the speakers? A. Customer and shop assistant. B. Newcomer and boss C. Visitor and guide.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。
13.How many times does the woman take part in the Olympics? A. Once. A. At 6:45 am. A. Four hours. A. Reading. B. Twice. B. At 7:00 am. B. Five hours. B. Sleeping. C. Three times. C. At 7:30 am. C. Six hours. C. Watching TV. 14.When does the woman get to the pool every day? 15.How long does the woman swim a day? 16.How does the woman often spend her free time?
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。
17.What did the speaker want to be when he was in middle school? A. A teacher. B. A pilot. C. A tour guide. B. He didn’t like physics at all. 18.Why did the man give up studying physics? A. He had to work to support himself. C. His eyesight was too poor. 19.Where did the speaker work for a travel agency? A. In South Africa. A. To kill time. B. In Japan. B. To earn more money. C. In Spain. C. To take over the school. 20.Why did the speaker start to teach English Part-time?
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。
A A rising population is one of the main reasons that there is global warming. Between 1650 and 1850 the population increased by 0.75 billion people going from 0.25 billion to one billion. From 1930 to the end of the century the population rose from two billion to over six billion. In just a third of the time the population rose by more than five times what it did before. It is expected that this trend in the changing population will continue and could even heighten. The growing population requires increasing amounts of energy. These energy demands and other supplies require production, which almost always involves the emission of greenhouse gases. The more the population increases the more greenhouse gases that are produced and the greater the increase in temperature. The burning of fossil fuels is one of the best-known causes for global warming. The major reason for fossil fuels contributing so much to global warming is the release of carbon that occurs during the burning of fossil fuels. When people burn fossil fuels, they release large amounts of carbon by way of the release of carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide in the air then leads to global warming. Another source of carbon dioxide comes from deforestation. In forests there is a large amount of carbon that is stored in the trees and other plants. This carbon is out of the atmosphere because the trees consume the carbon from carbon dioxide. When people cut down trees, they are frequently burned. This burning releases the carbon dioxide into the atmosphere that was stored in organic matter. Even when new trees are planted, it can take up to one hundred years to make up for the carbon that was released. It is commonly thought that because trees absorb more carbon dioxide, the atmosphere experiences positive effects. Sophie Armstrong, the writer of Earth Care put it, “There’s no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer because of human activity rather than a random but natural phenomenon. 21. Which of the following titles goes with the text? A. A Rising Population C. Global warming: The causes 22. The underlined word “deforestation” means . A. rising population C. greenhouse gas A. human activity C. natural forces A. Economy. B. Art B Looking for cool gifts can inspire people. A personalized gift means so much more. It makes the receiver feel special, and is likely to be treasured. Take a look at these best-sellers. Remember to check out the suitable gifts for her or for him.
B. Saving Sources of Energy D. Carbon Dioxide B. burning of fossil fuels D. cutting down or burning trees. B. sources of energy D. the polluted atmosphere C. Environment D. Health
23. To sum up from the passage, it is that has caused global warming.
24. Which column of a website might the passage come from?
Coffee Cup This Pretty cup features three colorful flowers, with plenty of room to write your own special words above and below the flowers. It is suitable for many special occasions including birthdays and Mother’s Day. The top line can be made up of up to 15 words, while the bottom line can only be the 10 words long. Price: $17.84 Charming Heart Moms can carve the wishes or names of their children on the heart. It is not suitable for children under the age of 12. Regular price: $9.99; Sale price: $8.99 (You save: 10%) Heart and Flower Picture Frame (相框) You can send the frame to a special friend, your sister, mom, or someone who’s made a difference in your life. This photo frame has plenty of room for your own personal words. It can be personalized with two lines of text of up to 25 words per line. Regular price: $29.99; Sale price: $26.99 (You save: 10%) Round Clock Key Chain This key chain has a handsome silver watch. It makes a special gift when carved, adding a personal touch. It can be personalized with 3 words. It is very popular among young men. Price: $24.99; Sale price: $17.49 (You save: 30%) Silver and Gold Key Chain This key chain will be a pleasant and personalized ornament (装饰) to your key ring. This useful key chain can be personalized with two lines of text of up to 8 words per line. Price: $16.99 25. Who will be interested in this passage most? A. Someone who likes to inspire others. C. Someone who designs gifts. A. The Coffee Cup and the Charming Heart. B. The Picture Frame and the Coffee Cup. C. The Charming Heart and the Picture Frame. D. The Picture Frame and the Round Clock Key Chain. 27. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The personalized Coffee Cup can hold 25 words. B. The Charming Heart is not suitable for babies. C. Young men are likely to love the Round Clock Key Chain. D. The Round Clock Key Chain is the cheapest gift. C We have all experienced days when everything goes wrong. A day may begin well enough, but suddenly everything seems to get out of control. What happens is that a great number of things choose to go wrong at exactly the same moment. It is as if a single unimportant event set up a chain of reactions. Let us suppose that you are preparing a meal and keeping an eye on the baby at the same time. The telephone rings and this marks the prelude (前奏) to an unforeseen series of catastrophes. While you are on the phone, the baby pulls the tablecloth off the table, smashing half
B. Someone who wants to advertise gifts. D. Someone who wants to choose a gift.
26. Which of the following gifts are suitable for your mother?
your best pottery and cutting himself in the process. You hang up hurriedly and attend to baby, pottery, etc. Meanwhile, the meal gets burnt. As if this were not enough to reduce you to tears, your husband arrives, unexpectedly bringing three guests to dinner. Things can go wrong on a big scale, as a number of people recently discovered in Parramatta, a suburb of Sydney. During the rush hour one evening two cars collided (猛撞) and both drivers began to argue. The woman immediately behind the two cars happened to be a learner. She suddenly got into a panic and stopped her car. This made the driver following her brake hard. His wife was sitting beside him holding a large cake. As she was thrown forward, the cake went right through the windscreen and landed on the road. Seeing a cake flying through the air, a lorry driver who was drawing up alongside the car, stopped all of a sudden. The lorry was loaded with empty beer bottles and hundreds of them slid off the back of the vehicle and on to the road. This led to yet another angry argument. Meanwhile, the traffic piled up behind. It took the police nearly an hour to get the traffic on the move again. In the meantime, the lorry driver had to sweep up hundreds of broken bottles. Only two dogs benefited from all this confusion, for they greedily ate what was left of the cake. It was just one of those days! 28. What would have most upset the woman the day everything went wrong for her? A. She had not expected her husband to arrive so early. B. The meal she had cooked for the three guests had got burnt. C. Her husband had not told her he was bringing anyone to dinner. D. She had not got enough pottery left to serve the meal with. 29. What might have prevented a chain reaction following the beginning collision? A. If the two drivers who had collided had not begun to argue. B. Had there been a more experienced driver behind the two cars. C. If, instead of panicing, the woman had made no attempt to stop. D. Had the wife of the man who braked not thrown a cake through the window. 30. There was a second angry argument because . A. the lorry driver blamed the owner of the cake for his accident B. the traffic was extremely slow to get on the move again. C. the lorry driver did not think he should be made to sweep up the glass. D. two dogs had eaten what was left of the cake. 31. Which of the following sayings matches the situations in the passage? A. Practice makes perfect. B. While there is life, there is hope. C. He who laughs last laughs best. D. Misfortunes never come singly. D That "Monday morning feeling" could bea crushing pain in the chest which leaves you sweating and gasping for breath.
Recent research from Germany and Italy shows that heart attacks are more common on Monday mornings and doctors blame the stress of returning to work after the weekend break. The risk of having a heart attack on any given day should be one in seven, but a six-year study helped by researchers at the Free University of Berlin of more than 2,600 Germans showed that the average person had a 20 percent higher chance of having a heart attack on a Monday than on any other day. Working Germans are particularly not protected against attack, with a 33 percent higher risk at the beginning of the working week. Non-workers, by comparison, appear to be no more at risk on a Monday than any other day. A study of 11,000 Italians proved 8 a.m. on a Monday morning as the most stressful time for the heart, and both studies showed that Sunday is the least stressful day, with fewest heart attacks in both countries. The finding could lead to a better understanding of what is the immediate cause of heart attacks, according to Dr. Stefan Willich of the Free University. "We know a lot about long-term risk factors such as smoking and cholesterol (胆固醇) but we don't know what actually causes heart attacks, so we can't give clear advice on how to prevent them." he said. Monday mornings have a double helping of stress for the working body as it makes a rapid change from sleep to activity, and from the relaxing weekend to the pressure of work.
"When people get up, their blood pressure and heart rate go up and there are hormonal (内分 泌) changes in their bodies." Willich explained. "All these things can have an unfavorable effect in the blood system and increase the risk of a clot (血凝块) which will cause a heart attack." "When people return to work after a weekend off, the pace of their life changes. They have a higher workload, more stress, more anger and more physical activities." said Willich. 32. "Monday morning feeling", as this passage shows, A. is not as serious as people thought B. is the first killer in Germany and Italy C. is harmful to working people in developed countries D.is created by researchers in Germany and Italy 33. To protect people from a heart attack, doctors have paid much attention to A. people's working time C. people's nationalities A. end following EXCEPT A. blood pressure B. heart rate C. hormonal change D. blood type 第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Tips for Smarter Studying Brushing up (温习) for a school test? Staying up late, devoting a whole day to nothing but tiredness? You’re doing it wrong. Remember: Learning is an art as well as a science. Then how can we learn more efficiently? Below are some tips about the science of successful learning.
B. people's living place D. people's lifestyle
34. What does the underlined word "break" mean in the passage? B. rest C. freedom D. play 35. It can be learned from this passage that the heart attack has something to do with all the
Pull up a seat, and start taking notes. 1. 37 Handwriting is slow, so you have to think harder about the material to distill (提取) it. It might seem painful to put pen to paper, but you’ll save study time in the end. 2. Don’t study without practice. 38 The constant repetition of remembering something is not efficient. Searching your brain for what you’re trying to remember keeps things fresher. Experiments showed those who took a test did better on a subsequent test than those who studied. It’s not just about remembering information, but using the brain muscles to practice retrieving (恢 复) the information too. That’s what a test requires of us. 3. Sleep on it. Maybe you are accustomed to staying late before a test. But if you want to keep some information for long, plan your sleep time. Your brain needs time to catch up and process all you’ve stuffed (塞满) in there. 39 4. Test yourself. 40 This goes back to tip No. 2—finding ways to pull things from your mind. Plus, this way, you’ll learn what you need to work on. A. Sleep usually contributes to it. B. Take practice tests repeatedly as you study. C. Surely, you’ll benefit from them. D. Relaxing helps long-term memory. E. Take those notes by hand. F. The best way to learn is to know it by heart. G. Stop re-reading the same passage 20 times. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 One day a professor was crossing a river by boat. To pass the time he started talking to the boatman. He told him his several 41 in education. The boatman was 42 listening to the professor 43 he didn’t understand what he was saying. After having said many things, the professor got 44 of speaking. He asked the boatman, “Now tell me something about you. Have you haven’t.”“Then you’ve wasted half of your 46
45 studied the science of grammar?”“No, I . How much education have you got?”“I’m not this, the
educated much. I 47 in my 5 grade, and since then I’ve been sailing the boat.” 48 professor got silent. The boatman wasn’t happy with the the water. They were 51
49 of the professor, but remained cool on his face.
Soon black clouds started floating low 50 the sky, and a storm moved in as they sailed across in the storm, and the boat got out of 52 . Fearing that the boat would 53 at the professor, “Professor, do you know how to swim?” 55 in the water. It is you who have wasted your life by 57 into the water to capsize (翻), the boatman
The professor replied with contempt (蔑视), “I never 54 my time on such a hobby.” The boatman cried, “The boat is going to save himself. not learning to 56 , because you’re going to drown in the water.” And he
how we spend our lives and what we value. Only that education which is useful on had their own fields of specialization. Jobs differ in C. failures C. carefully C. since C. afraid C. still C. money C. escaped C. Seeing C. rudeness C. along C. lost C. control C. laughed C. enjoyed C. leave C. sail C. fell C. unimportant C. experience C. all D. achievements D. interestedly D. until D. proud D. ever D. energy D. succeeded D. Knowing D. happiness D. beyond D. caught D. place D. waved D. wasted D. turn D. skate D. stepped D. useless D. knowledge D. neither
the occasion is valuable. The professor was proud of his 59 , but swimming was more valuable when he was crossing the water. They 60 the post, not the social position. 41. A. stories 42. A. excitedly 43. A. before 44. A. tired 45. A. even 46. A. food 47. A. failed 48. A. Considering 49. A. intelligence 50. A. across 51. A. killed 52. A. charge 53. A. shouted 54. A. spared 55. A. travel 56. A. swim 57. A. rushed 58. A. similar 59. A. power 60. A. either B. problems B. silently B. when B. impatient B. yet B. life B. broke B. Hearing B. kindness B. through B. hurt B. order B. aimed B. planned B. sink B. drive B. jumped B. important B. emotion B. both
第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入适当的内容 （不多于 3 个单词）或使用括号中单词的正确形式填空。 The Renaissance is a period from the 14th to the 17th century, Medieval Period, later spread 62 the rest of Europe 63 65 61 (consider) the bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history. It started as a cultural movement in Italy in the Late finally ended in the Early Modern Age. During the Renaissance, new ideas and values 64 (gradual) replaced those held in the Middle Ages. People began to concentrate less humanistic attitude to life. At the same time 66 religious themes and adopt a more (paint) returned to classical Roman and Greek
ideas about art. They tried to paint people and nature as they really were. Rich people wanted to possess 67 own painting; 68 , they could decorate their superb palaces and great houses. They 69 (pay) famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and 70 (possess) as well as their activities and achievements.
第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处 错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。请按下列要求改正： 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Mr. D, who is an America, has been taught English in our school’s international class since 2014. As a teacher with a good sense of humor, he always makes his classes lively and interesting. Warm-hearted or ready to help, he spends most of our spare time helping us improve our English. With his help, all the students in our class have made greatly progress in English. I even win the first prize in the English speech contest held in our city in last month. Besides, Mr. D enjoys traveling a lot. So far, he has been to many place of interest in China. In word, he is such excellent a teacher as we all like. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 毛主席曾向全国的青少年发出“身体是革命的本钱”的号召。请结合事例，以“Health Is Wealth”为题，写一篇英语短文。 注意：1. 不能用诗歌的形式 2. 结合事例；有自己的观点 3. 词数：在 100 个字左右 4. 参考词汇：主席：chairman; 本钱：capital _______________________________________________________________________________ _ _______________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____
鹰潭市 2015-2016 学年上学期高二英语期末质量检测参考答 案
听力理解： 1-5 CBCAC 6-10 BCABA 11-15 CBACA 16-20 CBACB 阅读理解： 21-24 CDAC 25-27 DBD 28-31 CBAD 32-35 CDBD 36-40 CEGAB 完型填空： 41-45 DBCAD 46-50 BABCA 51-55 DCADB 56-60 ABCDB 语法填空: 61. considered 66. painters 62. to 67. their 63. and 68. Therefore 64. gradually 69. paid 65. on 70. possessions
Mr. D, who is an America, has been taught English in our school’s international class since 2014. As a American teaching （或把 an 改为 from） teacher with a good sense of humor, he always makes his classes lively and interesting. Warm-hearted or and ready to help, he spends most of our spare time helping us improve our English. With his help, all the his students in our class have made greatly progress in English. I even win the first prize in the English speech great won contest held in our city in last month. Besides, Mr. D enjoys traveling a lot. So far, he has been to many place of interest in China. In＾word, he is such excellent a teacher as we all like.
Health Is Wealth Most people try to get fame and wealth but give up their health without hesitation. However, they don’t realize that the biggest wealth is health. As Chairman Mao put it, “Health is the capital of revolution.” Only when having health can we get happiness and enjoy success. Cao Xueqin is a profound lesson for us. He ignored his health when he was writing “A Dream In Red Mansions”. Thus, he
had died before he could complete the book. I will conclude by saying that health is wealth and that while there is health, there is hope. Please lead a healthy life.
Text 1 W: I’m sorry for making you wait so long. There is a table available now in the non-smoking section. Please follow me. M: Thank you. Text 2 W: Which subject are you least interested in? M: Chinese history. I think, not because the subject is boring, but because of the large amount of material that we have to memorize. Text 3 M: I heard that the bread is wonderful at that baker’s on Lake Drive. Do you know where that is? W: Just follow your nose, and it will surely lead you there. Text 4 M: May I help you? W: Yes, I’ve come to apply for the position of office clerk. M: I’m Edward Watt, the manager of the Human Resources Department. May I ask your name? W: My name is Susan Li. Text 5 W: How can I help you, sir? M: Could you break a 20 for me? W: Sure. How do you want it? M: Could I have two fives and the rest in ones? Text 6 W: When are you going to start? M: Tomorrow morning. W: How are you going there? M: By air. This is my first trip. W: Then you’d better take the umbrella with you. London is famous for its fog and it often rains there. M: Can’t I buy a new one in London if necessary? I don’t like to carry too many things. Text 7 M：Excuse me. Can you help me? I’m trying to find the teachers’ office. W： The teachers’ office? Just go straight down the main road until you get to the first traffic circle. Turn right. And you will see a two-story building with large, blue glass windows. That’s the teachers’ office. M: Oh! I see. Thanks a lot. By the way, do you know any place around here where I can make a phone call? W: Let me see… Yes. I think there’s a phone booth in the student center. M: Thank you. W: You’re welcome. Text 8 W: Good morning, Mr. Evans. I’m the new secretary. M: Good morning, Miss Lee. You’re half an hour early. W: I don’t want to make a bad impression.
M: Come on over. This is your desk. Be sure to keep it neat. It’s an office rule. W: I’ll keep that in mind. Does everything on this desk belong to me? M: No. You can use everything as long as you work here, but when you quit, you’ll have to return everything to the company. W: Can I make personal phone calls during office hours? M: Of course you can. Everyone has some personal matters to deal with, but don’t chat over the phone and, of course, don’t let your personal matters influence your work and the company’s business. W: I understand. M: OK. I’ll introduce you to the department managers. Text 9 M: Anne Cole, I’m so glad to find myself here with you in the Olympic Village. W: Hello. M: This is your first Olympics, isn’t it, Anne? W: Yes, it is. Ｍ: Let’s talk about your training program, Anne. I imagine it’s pretty hard. W: Yes, it is. I get up about six forty-five. M: Do you start your training right away? W: No, not exactly. I have a very light breakfast at seven and I get to the pool by half past. M: I see. How long do you train for? W: All day. M: You mean you swim all day? W: Oh, no! I swim for about four hours, have lunch and then do track work and body building in the afternoon. I suppose I train until four o’clock in the afternoon. M: That’s a long day. What about your free time. W: Well, I watch a lot of television, but I go to bed early on most nights. M: Thank you, Anne, and good luck to you. Text 10 When I was in middle school, my dream was to be a pilot. But my eyesight wasn’t good enough, so I had to give up that idea. I went to university and studied physics. I wanted to stay on there and do research, but my father died about that time, so I thought I had better get a job and earn my living. I started working in an engineering firm. But then, they appointed a new managing director. I didn’t get on well with him, so I left that company. One day I met a friend who was working for a travel agency. He offered me a job in Spain. I worked there in a travel agency for two years and then they wanted to send me to South America but I had just got married, so I decided to stay here. Then we had a baby and I wasn’t earning enough to support the family. So I started giving English lessons at a school in the evening. I liked English teaching more than working for the travel agency. Then the owner of the school wanted to retire, so he asked me to take over as the director, and here I am now.
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