Tapescript 1. An Air France passenger plane has skidded off the runway and burst into flames on landing at Pearson Airport in Toronto, Canada. 2. In Nigeria at least 12 people
were reported drowned after an overcrowded dugout canoe capsized in a remote creek in the oil-producing Niger Delta. 3. A full-scale relief operation is underway on Indonesia’s Java Island where a tsunami hit Monday, killing at least 340 people. 4. The bodies of 10 New Jersey senior citizens killed in this week's tour bus crash in the mountains of northern Chile are being flown home. 5. Hurricane John has been downgraded to a tropical storm after hitting the Baja California Peninsula on the west coast of Mexico. The storm struck the tourist port city of Lepas, bringing down trees and power lines and flooding streets. It had earlier inundated the seaside resort of Los Cabos. Background Notes ? Air France — French passenger and cargo airline with more than 200 destinations in some 80 countries. It introduced supersonic Concorde service in 1976, but financial loss led the company to cease its Concorde operations in 2003. The French government began privatizing the former national airline in July 2002. ? Tsunami Tsunami is Japanese for "harbor wave". It is a huge ocean wave that can travel al speeds up to 600 mi/hr (965 km/hr). Sometimes incorrectly called a tidal wave, a tsunami is usually caused by an earthquake, volcanic eruption or coastal landslide. Since the waves can start out hundreds of miles long and only a few feet high, they would not necessarily be noticeable to a passing ship or a plane (lying overhead. ? Indian Ocean Tsunami The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which had a magnitude of 9.15, triggered a series of lethal tsunamis on December 26, 2004 that killed approximately 230,000 people (including 168,000 in Indonesia alone), making it the deadliest tsunami in recorded history. The disaster prompted a huge worldwide effort to help victims of the tragedy^ with billions of dollars being raised for disaster relief.
Item 1 Tapescript Iraqi police say more than 640 people have been killed in a stampede that broke out today near a Shiite shrine in Baghdad. Authorities say some 300 were hurt in the stampede that erupted on a Tigris River bridge when thousands of people crushed a railing and plunged to the river. Officials say bodies are still being recovered from the river and that the final death toll could rise. The incident occurred when a rumor spread that a suicide bomber was in the crowd.
Background Note ? Human stampedes—The term is applied to a sudden rush of a crowd of people, usually resulting in many injuries and death from suffocation and trampling. Human stampedes most often occur during religious pilgrimages and professional sporting events. For example, on January 12, 2006, a stampede in Mecca during the last day of Hajj (the Stoning of the devil) killed at least 345 Muslims. In 1989, a stampede at Hillsborough stadium, Sheffield, England, killed 96 during a soccer semi-final. Item 2 A Peruvian airliner carrying 100 passengers and crew members has crashed in a northeastern jungle town, killing at least 40 people. Officials say the TANS Air Flight 204 went down Tuesday while attempting an emergency landing during a severe storm. Police at the scene say foreign nationals are among the dead, including at least one Italian and an American. Officials say at least 52 people survived the accident with most being treated at area hospitals. Key
Directions: Listen to the following news recording once and decide whether the statements listed below are TRUE or FALSE. Write T for TRUE and F for FALSE. 1. (T) Bad weather caused the crash. 2. (F) TANS Air Flight 240 crashed Tuesday in the jungles. 3. (T) There were 100 passengers aboard the airliner. 4. (T) Police were at the scene of the crash. 5. (T) A few foreigners died in the accident.
Directions: Listen to the news recording again and complete the following statements. Write NO MORE THAN THREE words for each answer.. 1 . A Peruvian airliner carrying 1 00 passengers and crew members crashed in a northeastern town, killing at least 40. 2. The plane crashed while attempting an emergency landing. 3. Foreign nationals are among the dead, including at least one Italian and an American. 4. At least 52 people survived the accident with most being treated at area hospitals. Item 3 Tapescript Officials in Japan say the train crash near Osaka in western Japan has killed as many as 57 people, injured more than 400. A commuter train carrying around 580 passengers during morning rush hour Monday smashed into an apartment building near Amagasaki, about 400 kilometers west of Tokyo. Workers are still trying to reach some of the passengers trapped in the wreckage. The accident was Japan’s worst in more than four decades. Investigators say speed and driver inexperience may be factors in the crash.
Background Note ? Commuter — Americans did not invent the suburbs, but they did create the commuter — someone who shuttles from a home in the suburbs to a job in the city and back again every day. Residing at a considerable distance from work was made possible by the invention of the railroad, and the name for someone who did so was made possible by the invention in the 1840s of a ticket good for multiple rides, the commutation ticket. It exchanged individual tickets for a collective one at a lower price. The holder of such a ticket was thus called a commuter. While public transportation still carries commuters, the modern image of the commuter has become the lone driver on the freeway. Key Directions: Listen to the following news recording twice and answer the questions below briefly. 1 . What has killed as many as 57 people? A train crash. 2. Where and when did the accident occur? Near Osaka, western Japan; morning rush hour, Monday. 3. Who were aboard the train? Five hundred and eighty commuters. 4. What happened to the train? It smashed into an apartment building. 5. What are rescue workers doing? Trying to reach some of the trapped passengers. 6. What have investigators pinned the blame on? Speed and driver inexperience.
Item 1 Tapescript A fire at a Paris apartment building housing African immigrants has killed at least 17 people, a half of them children. French officials say some 30 others were injured in the blaze that broke out shortly after midnight in a stairwell of the dilapidated building. Authorities say it took more than two hours for some 200 firefighters to extinguish the blaze. The cause isn’t known. French media are reporting the victims are from African countries such as Senegal and Mali. Officials say about 100 children and 30 adults lived in the building, which was run by a humanitarian association. In April a fire at a Paris hotel catering mostly Jo African and European immigrants killed 23 people. One of the hotel’s residents admitted to accidentally starting that blaze.
Key Paris (1) Apartment Building Fire (2) Shortly after midnight (3) In a stairwell of a dilapidated building African (4) immigrants Not (5) known (6) 17 were killed, a (7) half of them children; (8) 30 were injured
Some (9) 200 firefighters were sent to (10) extinguish the fire. A resident (11) accidentally started a (12) blaze at a Paris hotel (13) catering mostly to African and European immigrants, (14) killing 23 people. Item 2
Tapescript A small aircraft has crashed into the 20th floor of a high-rise apartment building in New York City, killing at least two people. The plane burst into flames on the impact and fire spread through several floors of the building. The White House said all the indications were that the crash was an accident. Investigators are at the scene gathering evidence, but the authorities don't believe the incident was linked to terrorism. The BBC' s Gitto Harry was at the scene shortly after the incident and sent this report. "Fire engines, police cars, ambulances completely blocking the avenue, people having been pushed onto the sidewalks. All they know at this stage is that either a plane or a helicopter has crashed into a building. There are helicopters circling above, there is smoke in the air, there are police running around, the area is being cordoned off." The authorities in New York now say that four people were killed in the plane cash in Manhattan. Reports from the United States say the plane was being piloted by the New York Yankee' s baseball pitcher Cory Lidle, who died in the accident. Background Note ? Manhattan Plane Crash—On October 11,2006, a Cirrus SR20 small private plane crashed in New York City. The aircraft struck the north side of the Belaire Apartments on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, causing a fire in several apartments. The two people aboard the aircraft were killed in the accident: New York Yankees baseball pitcher Cory Lidle and his certificated flight instructor Tyler Stanger. Twenty-one people were injured, including 11 firefighters. The crash garnered extra attention because of superficial similarities to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City. U.S. officials said that NORAD (North American Air Defense Command) scrambled fighter aircraft over numerous American and Canadian cities and that U.S. President George W. Bush was informed about the situation. News of the crash caused a momentary 0.4% drop in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). The FBI quickly announced there was no reason to suspect that the crash was an act of terrorism.
Task 1 Directions: Listen to the following news recording once and choose the right answer to each question.
1. A small aircraft A. landed atop a high-rise apartment building B. was hijacked by terrorists C. crashed in Manhattan D. burst into flames before crashing 2. Investigators______. A. are gathering evidence at the scene B. believe the incident is an act of terrorism
C. have identified the cause of the accident D. are evacuating the residents in the building 3. What can be learned about the pilot? A. He was determined to commit suicide. B. He was a baseball player. C. He was a Muslim. D. He survived the accident. Task 2 Directions: Listen to the news recording again and decide whether the statements listed below are TRUE or FALSE. Write T for TRUE and F for FALSE. 1. (F) The aircraft crashed into a high-rise office building. 2. (F) The avenue was blocked by the burning engines of the aircraft. 3. (T) The fire from the crash spread through several floors. 4. (F) Helicopters and fighters are circling above the scene. 5. (T) Police is cordoning off the area. 6. (F) The authorities are yet to disclose casualties. Item 3 Tapescript Thousands of victims of Hurricane Katrina are still being evacuated from New Orleans. More than 10,000 people already have been taken by bus to an emergency shelter at a sports stadium in Texas more than 550 kilometers from New Orleans. Rescuers in New Orleans are working to evacuate thousands of additional flood refugees in and near the city's former convention center, a large building without power, water or toilet facilities, overflowing with crowds calling for food, water and other assistance. Meanwhile President Bush is to visit the devastated areas today. He is scheduled to visit parts of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana that were wrecked by the powerful hurricane. Background Notes ? Hurricane Katrina — Hurricane Katrina was the sixth-strongest Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the largest hurricane of its strength to approach the United States in recorded history; its sheer size caused devastation over 100 miles from the center. The storm surge caused major or catastrophic damage along the coastlines of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Katrina is estimated to be responsible for over $115 billion (2005 U.S. dollars) in damages, making it the costliest disaster in U.S. history. The storm has killed at least 1,604 people. ? New Orleans — New Orleans is a major United States port city and historically the largest city in the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is known for its multicultural heritage as well as its music and cuisine. It is considered the birthplace of jazz. The city is also known for its annual Mardi Gras celebrations. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the city, causing breaches in the protective levee system that resulted in widespread flooding and the evacuation of much of the city. Directions: Listen to the following news recording three, times and answer the questions below in detail.
1. What is happening to thousands of victims of Hurricane Katrina? They are still being evacuated from New Orleans. 2. Where have more than 10,000 people been taken to? How? They have been taken by bus to an emergency shelter at a sports stadium in Texas more than 550 kilometers from New Orleans. 3. What are rescuers in New Orleans trying to do? They are working to evacuate thousands of additional flood refugees in and near the city's former convention center. 4. What is the status of New Orleans' former convention center? The center is now a building without power, water or toilet facilities, overflowing with crowds calling for food, water and other assistance. 5. Where is Mr. Bush scheduled to visit today? He is scheduled to visit parts of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana that were wrecked by the hurricane.
Section E Listening strategies
News Elements and Vocabulary Expansion News reports in the current unit normally concern one of the following topics: ? Natural disasters (earthquake, tropical storm, landslide, flood, volcano eruption, tsunami, drought) ? Accidents (car crash, derailment, train crash, air crash, fire, stampede) Reports covering natural disasters and accidents of all varieties come thick and fast in VOA News Now and BBC World News. To facilitate comprehension, we must have a good command of basic words such as drought, blizzard, fatality, epicenter, death toll, relief, devastation, hurricane, capsize, crash, collision, stampede, emergency, and evacuation, to name just a few. It is also imperative that we have a good idea of the pattern of such news reports and the news elements listed in Table I. For more related words and expressions, please refer to Table II, which presents the less frequent and yet equally important words in alphabetic order. Table I Event An accident, a natural disaster Source Casualty report Source of information (organization or person) Casualty report The number of people died, injured or hospitalized The number of survivors/evacuees Further details
Time, location of the accident/disaster Cause of the accident/disaster Damages done Relief efforts Similar accidents or disasters Observations made by government agencies or international organizations
Listening Tips Exercise: Segmentation of Words in Continuous Speech (II) Directions: Listen to the following phrases containing embedded sounds and write them down. Altogether the phrases will be read twice. 1. the government of Jamaica has issued a hurricane watch 2. that they had called the police as long as an hour before the collapse 3. asking for donations of bottled water 4. hit an area off the southern coast of India 5. the city accounts for about half of the Monsoon-related deaths so far
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