人教修订版英语高一下 Unit 18 New Zealand Period 1 教案
Teaching Aims: 1. Learn to describe location and direction. 2. Improve the students’ speaking ability by talking. Teaching Important Points: 1.
Train the students listening ability. 2. Master the expressions describing location and direction. Teaching Difficult Points: 1. How to make the students improve their listening ability 2. How to finish the task of speaking Teaching Methods: 1. Listening-and-choice activity to help the students go through with the listening material. 2. Individual, pair or group work to make every student work in class. Teaching Aids: a tape recorder Teaching Procedures: Step1. Warming up 1. Look at a map of the world and find out how many continents and oceans there are in the world and what their names are. Then talk about the positions of Asia and China. (show a map of the world) How many continents are there in the world? What are they? (7 continents: Asia, Europe, North America, South America, Oceania, Africa, Antarctica) How many oceans are there in the world? (4 oceans: the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean) And where is China in relation to Asia? (It’s in the east of Asia.) 3. Look at a map of China and talk about the location of some provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and special administrative regions by using ―lie in / lie on /lie to / lie off‖. (show a map of China) Beijing lies/ is in the north of China. Hubei lies/ is (to the) south of Hebei. Hubei lies/ is on the north of Hunan. Hubei lies/ is to the north of Hunan. Hainan Island lies off the south coast of China. China lies on the west of the Pacific Ocean. 3. Summarize how to describe the location/ position of a place. Lie in –The small place is part of the bigger one. Lie on –It is used when we emphasize the two places share border with each other, or when we say a piece of land is just near a river, a sea or an ocean. Lie to –The two places are apart from each other and usually they don’t share border. When two places share border, ―lie to‖ can also be used. a map of China a computer
Lie off the coast of – It is used when we say that an island lies off the coast of a mainland. The teacher writes the following on the blackboard. (1) lie in (2) lie to (3) lie on/lie to (4) lie on ﹏﹏﹏﹏ ﹏﹏﹏﹏ ﹏﹏﹏﹏ (5) lie off coast
4. Look at some major countries that are neighbors of China and describe their positions in relation to China. Major neighbors: North: Mongolia, Russia South: India, Burma（缅甸）, Thailand, the Philippines West: Pakistan, Tajikistan East: South Korea, North Korea, Japan Eg. Mongolia lies to the north of China. 5. Look at the seas around China. What are their names? And what are their relations to China? (They are the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, the South China sea) (Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea and the East China Sea lie / are to the east of China. The South China Sea lies/ is to the south of China.) 6. A competition between two groups--ask the students to use ―lie in/ on / to / off‖ to describe the position of a place. (show a map of China) Step 2. Listening (1) As we know, when we want to learn about a place, one of the most important things is to know about its geography, its location. Now we will listen to a short passage about a fictional island---Dolphin Island. (Neither the island itself nor any of its cities or mountains exist.) Before the listening, I will tell you the names of the cities and mountains on this island. Ashton Creek/ Winfield / Turnpike/ Epsom/ Mount Ashton. (2) 1st listening—write down the cities in their correct places, draw the railway lines and forests on the map 2nd listening— choose right answers to the four questions on P37 Step 3. Speaking (1) Ask some students about the location of their birthplaces. Qs: What is your birthplace? / Where were you born? / Can you explain where that is? About how many kilometers is it from Wuhan? / How long does it often take you to get to our school from that place? (2) Ss read the dialogue after the tape, then the teacher explains some key points, later Ss practise reading the dialogue in pairs; finally ask some pairs to act the dialogue out. Step 4. Activity—Ss work in groups, describing the location of a city, a country, an island or the sea and let the other students guess what city, country, island or sea it is. (A competition between 2 groups and see which group can describe and get more places’ location in 3 minutes.) Step 5. Summary
In this period, we’ve learnt some ways of describing the location of a place in details. Later try to use them in our daily life. Step 6 Homework—Preview the reading passage of Unit18
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